Famous People Born in 1878

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Edwin Franko Goldman, composer
  • Jan 1 Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)
  • Jan 4 Alfred Edgar Coppard, England, writer (Black Dogs & Other Stories)
  • Jan 4 Augustus John, Welsh painter (d. 1961)
  • Jan 6 Carl Sandburg, American poet/biographer of Lincoln (The People, Yes)
  • Jan 6 Dame Adeline Genée, Danish-British ballerina (d. 1970)
  • Jan 9 John Broadus Watson, Travelers Rest South Carolina, American Psychologist (behaviorism approach)
  • Jan 11 Theodoros Pangalos, Greek general and dictator (1926), born in Salamis, Greece (d. 1952)
  • Jan 12 Ferenc Molnar, Hungarian/US playwright (A Pal Utrai Fiuk)
  • Jan 13 Lionel Groulx, Canadian nationalist, born in Vaudreuil, Quebec, Canada (d. 1967)
  • Jan 14 Victor A D Segalen, [Max Anely], French writer
  • Jan 15 Johanna Muller-Hermann, composer
  • Jan 16 Harry Carey [Henry DeWitt Carey II], American actor (Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, Red River), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 1947)
  • Jan 16 Robert Garbe, German poet (Gorniek)
  • Jan 17 Oscar Apfel, American actor (The Squaw Man, Inspiration, Before Dawn), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1938)
  • Jan 18 Hendrik Baels, Belgian politician
  • Jan 19 Herbert Chapman, English football player and manager (d. 1934)
  • Jan 20 Finlay Currie, Scottish actor (Quo Vadis, Ivanhoe, Avengers), born in Edinburgh (d. 1968)
  • Jan 21 Egon Friedell, Austrian journalist, actor and writer (Kleine Portratgalerie, Der Partylowe), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1938)
  • Jan 22 Constance Collier, British actress and writer (Rope, Stage Door, Whirlpool), born in Windsor, England (d. 1955)
  • Jan 23 Oton Zupancic, Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom)
  • Jan 23 Rutland Boughton, British composer (The Immortal Hour), born in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire (d. 1960)
  • Jan 25 Ernst Alexanderson, Swedish-American television pioneer (Alexanderson alternator), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1975)
  • Jan 26 A W "Dave" Nourse, cricketer ("Grand Old Man" of South African cricket)
  • Jan 28 Walter Kollo [Kollodziepski], German composer (Der Juxbaron)
  • Jan 29 Barney Oldfield, Ohio, daredevil
  • Jan 30 Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (Truth and Justice), born in Vetepere, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • Jan 31 Willem J M van Eysinga, Dutch international law jurist
  • Feb 1 Hattie Wyatt Caraway, politician/teacher/1st woman elected to senate
  • Feb 1 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (d. 1944)
  • Feb 2 Christian Gauss, educator/writer (Phi Beta Kappa award namesake)
  • Feb 2 Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (d. 1955)
  • Feb 3 Joseph Gordon Coates, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1925-28), born in Ruatuna, New Zealand (d. 1943)
  • Feb 5 André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (d. 1935)
  • Feb 6 Waclaw Gieburowski, composer
  • Feb 7 Ossip Gabrilovich, composer
  • Feb 8 Martin Buber, Austrian-Israeli dialogue philosopher and theologist (Ich und Du), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1965)
  • Feb 14 Julius Nieuwland, Belgian-American chemist (inventor of neoprene), born in Hansbeke, Belgium (d. 1936)
  • Feb 16 Selim Palmgren, Finnish pianist and composer (Daniel Hjort), born in Pori, Finland (d. 1951)
  • Feb 21 Fritz Cortolezis, composer
  • Feb 21 Mirra Richard [The Mother], French-born Indian spiritual leader (Sri Aurobindo), born in Paris, France (d. 1973)
  • Feb 22 Walter Ritz, Swiss physicist (d. 1909)
  • Feb 23 Kazimir Malevich, Ukrainian painter and art theorist (d. 1935)
  • Feb 27 Alvan T. Fuller, 50th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • Feb 28 Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (d. 1929)
  • Feb 28 Artur Kapp, Estonian composer (d. 1952)
  • Mar 1 Gabriel Edouard Xavier Dupont, composer
  • Mar 2 Wander J de Haas, Dutch physicist/son-in-law of Lorentz
  • Mar 2 William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1944)
  • Mar 4 Egbert Van Alstyne, American songwriter and pianist (d. 1951)
  • Mar 4 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian philosopher (d. 1947)

  • Mar 7 Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
  • Mar 10 Karel van de Woestijne, Flemish writer/poet (God at Sea)
  • Mar 12 Gemma Galgani, Italian saint
  • Mar 12 Joseph Gustav Mraczek, composer
  • Mar 14 Carel T Scharten, Dutch poet and writer (Forces of the Future), born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1950)
  • Mar 15 Hanson Carter, cricketer (Yorkshire Aussie WK of early 20th century)
  • Mar 15 Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41)
  • Mar 16 Clemens A Graaf von Galen, cardinal/bishop of Munster/anti-nazi
  • Mar 16 Henry B Walthall, American actor (The Birth of a Nation, Klondike), born in Shelby City, Alabama (d. 1936)
  • Mar 21 Thurlow Weed Lieurance, composer
  • Mar 22 Michel Théato, Luxembourgian athlete (d. 1919)
  • Mar 23 Franz Schrecker, Austrian composer (Der ferne Klang, Der Schatzgräber)
  • Mar 24 Top Naeff, [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N-Naeff], Dutch writer
  • Mar 25 Theodore Samuel Holland, composer
  • Mar 27 Miller Huggins, American Baseball Hall of Fame 2nd baseman, manager (NY Yankees WS 1923, 27-28) born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1929)
  • Mar 31 Jack Johnson,1st African American heavyweight boxing champ (1908-1915), born in Galveston, Texas (d. 1946)
  • Apr 1 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)
  • Apr 2 Émilie Charmy, French avant-garde artist, born in Saint-Etienne, France (d. 1974)
  • Apr 6 Carl Emil Theodor Ehrenberg, composer
  • Apr 6 Erich Mühsam, German author (d. 1934)
  • Apr 7 Maitland Hathorn, South African cricketer (12 tests 1901-11), born in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa (d. 1920)
  • Apr 7 Jozef C Bittremieux, Flemish theologist (Virgin & Mother of God)
  • Apr 8 Rudolf Nelson, composer
  • Apr 12 Richard B Goldschmidt, German-American zoologist (butterflies), born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1958)
  • Apr 15 Robert Walser, Swiss writer, born in Biel (d. 1956)
  • Apr 16 Tip Foster, English cricketer (287 on debut England v Aust SCG 1903), born in Malvern, Worcestershire, England (d. 1914)
  • Apr 21 Albert Weisgerber, German painter and graphic artist
  • Apr 22 Kitty Gordon, Folkestone England, entertainer
  • Apr 24 Jean Crotti, Swiss-French artist, born in Bulle, Fribourg, Switzerland (d. 1958)
  • Apr 26 Ethel Griffies, British actress (Billy Liar, The Birds, We Live Again), born in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England (d. 1975)
  • Apr 26 Saint Rafael Guízar Valencia, Mexican Catholic bishop
  • Apr 27 Frank Gotch, American professional wrestler, born in Humboldt, Iowa (d. 1917)

Person of interestLionel Barrymore

Apr 28 Lionel Barrymore [Blythe], American actor (Free Soul, Dr Kildare), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1954)

  • May 10 Gustav Stresemann, German chancellor (1923, Nobel 1926)
  • May 11 Jan Machiel Reyskens, oldest male resident of the Netherlands, (d. 1990 aged 111)
  • May 13 Muriel Robb, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1902), born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1907)
  • May 14 James L. Wilkinson, American baseball executive (d. 1964)
  • May 15 Francisco Pujol, composer
  • May 16 Taylor Holmes, American actor (Sleeping Beauty, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1959)
  • May 19 Adam von Ahn Carse, composer
  • May 21 Glenn Hammond Curtiss, American inventor (hydroplane)
  • May 21 Louis de Visser, Dutch politician (CPN)
  • May 24 Lillian Moller Gilbreth, American psychologist and industrial engineer (CIOS Gold Medal-1954), born in Oakland, California (d. 1972)

Person of interestBill Robinson

May 25 Bill Robinson "Bojangles", American actor and tap dancer (Stormy Weather, The Little Colonel), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1949)

Tap Dancer and Actor Bill Robinson
Tap Dancer and Actor
Bill Robinson
  • May 28 Paul Pelliot, French sinologist (d. 1945)
  • May 30 Mike Donlin, American baseball player (d. 1933)
  • Jun 1 John Masefield, British writer and poet (Salt-Water Ballads), Poet Laureate (1930-67), born in Ledbury, Herefordshire (d. 1967)
  • Jun 4 Frank N D Buchman, US theologist (Moral Rearmament)
  • Jun 5 William Franklin "Frank" Smith, American actor (Cowboy & Bandit, Scarlet Car, Frontier Days), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1961)
  • Jun 5 Pancho Villa [José Doroteo Arango Arámbula], Mexican revolutionary general and guerrilla leader, born in La Coyotada, San Juan del Río, Durango, Mexico (d. 1923)
  • Jun 6 Vincent de Moro-Giafferi, French criminal attorney, born in Paris (d. 1956)
  • Jun 12 James Oliver Curwood, American journalist and writer (Kazan the wolfdog), born in Owosso, Michigan (d. 1927)
  • Jun 15 Margaret Abbott, American golfer and 1st woman to win an Olympic event (1900), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1955)
  • Jun 17 Albert Thomas, French socialist politician (Minister of Armament WW1), born in Champigny-sur-Marne (d. 1932)
  • Jun 19 James M Kilroe, priest of St Mary Star of the Sea, in the Bronx
  • Jun 25 Jean Gallon, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1959)
  • Jun 26 Albert Siklós, Hungarian composer, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1942)
  • Jun 26 Ernest Torrence, Scottish actor (I Cover the Waterfront, Hunchback of Notre Dame), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1933)
  • Jun 27 Jean François van Royen, Dutch bibliophile, secretary-general of PTT, born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1942)

Person of interestGeorge M. Cohan

Jul 3 George M. Cohan, American father of musical comedy (Phantom President, Give My Regards to Broadway), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1942)

Composer, Actor, Singer and Producer George M. Cohan
Composer, Actor, Singer and Producer
George M. Cohan
  • Jul 5 Joseph Holbrooke, English pianist, conductor and composer (3 Blind Mice), born in Croydon, Surrey (d. 1958)
  • Jul 6 Eino Leino, Finnish poet (d. 1926)
  • Jul 8 Jimmy Quinn, Scottish footballer (d. 1945)
  • Jul 15 Willem Paerels, Neth/Belgian painter and graphic artist
  • Jul 17 Henri Zagwijn, composer
  • Jul 19 Robert Herman Woltjer, Dutch Minister of Education, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • Jul 22 Lucien Febvre, French historian (Un destin: Martin Luther)
  • Jul 22 Janusz Korczak [Henryk Goldszmit], Polish-Jewish educator and pedagogue (ran an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto), born in Warsaw, Congress Poland (or in 1879, d. 1942)
  • Jul 24 Edward Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany, Irish sci-fi writer (Time & Gods), born in London (d. 1957)
  • Jul 25 Heinrich Gebhard, German-born American composer, born in Sobernheim, Rhineland-Palatinate (d. 1963)
  • Jul 29 Don Marquis, Ill, journalist/poet (archy & mehitabel) (d. 1937)
  • Aug 2 Aino Kallas, Finnish writer (White Ship, Estonian Tales), born in Kiiskilä, Viipuri Province, Grand Duchy of Finland (d. 1956)
  • Aug 2 Princess Ingeborg of Sweden, wife of Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland, born in Charlottenlund Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1958)
  • Aug 3 Constantino Gaito, Argentinian composer, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1945)
  • Aug 10 Alfred Döblin, German writer (d. 1957)
  • Aug 13 Leonid Vladimirovich Nikolayev, Russian-Soviet composer, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1942)
  • Aug 13 Salomon "Sam" de Wolff, Dutch zionist and socialist theorist, born in Sneek, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • Aug 14 Harald Kidde, Danish writer (Aage og Else)
  • Aug 15 Pjotr N Wrangel, Russian baron/general (White Armies, WW II)
  • Aug 17 Reg Duff, cricketer (Australian batsman, century on debut 1902)
  • Aug 18 Fritz Brun, Swiss composer and conductor, born in Lucerne (d. 1959)

Person of interestManuel L. Quezon

Aug 19 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina, Second President of the Philippines (1935-42), born in Baler, Aurora, Philippines (d. 1944)

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon
  • Aug 27 Joseph John Richards, American composer, born in Cwmafan, Wales (d. 1956)
  • Aug 28 George Whipple, American physician and biomedical researcher (Nobel-1934), born in Ashland, New Hampshire (d. 1976)
  • Aug 30 Paul Hazard [Paul-Gustave-Marie-Camille Hazard], French critic and literature historian, born in Nordpeene, France (d. 1944)
  • Aug 31 Albert Riemenschneider, American musician and composer, born in Berea, Ohio (d. 1950)
  • Aug 31 Frank Jarvis, American athlete (Olympic 100m Champion-1900), born in California, Pennsylvania (d. 1933)
  • Sep 1 Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1942)
  • Sep 2 Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr
  • Sep 3 Dorothea Lambert Chambers, British tennis player (7-time Wimbledon champion), born in Ealing, England (d. 1960)
  • Sep 9 Adelaide Crapsey, American poet (d. 1914)
  • Sep 9 Sergio Osmeña, 4th President of the Philippines (d. 1961)
  • Sep 16 Karl Albiker, German sculptor (German Art, female nudes), born in Ühlingen-Birkendorf, Germany (d. 1961)
  • Sep 17 Vincenzo Tommasini, composer

Person of interestUpton Sinclair

Sep 20 Upton Beall Sinclair, American writer (Jungle), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1968)

  • Sep 22 Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese Prime Minister (1946-54), born in Yokosuka (d. 1967)
  • Sep 24 C. F. Ramuz, Swiss writer (d. 1947)
  • Oct 1 Othmar Spann, Austria economist/sociologist (Geschichtsfilosofie)
  • Oct 2 Francois C Schlumberger, French physicist
  • Oct 5 Louise Dresser [Kerlin], American actress (Maid of Salem), born in Evansville, Indiana (d. 1965)
  • Oct 9 Robert Warwick, American actor (Falcon's Adventure), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1964)
  • Oct 12 Karl Buresch, Austrian lawyer and politician, born in Groß-Enzersdorf, Austria (d. 1936)
  • Oct 13 Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian Roman Catholic priest (d. 1952)
  • Oct 15 Paul Reynaud, premier France (May-June 1940)
  • Oct 16 Carlos Pedrell, composer
  • Oct 16 Maxey Long, American athlete (d. 1959)
  • Oct 17 Henri Mulet, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1967)
  • Oct 18 James Truslow Adams, historian (Pul-1921, Founding of New England)
  • Oct 24 Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram)
  • Oct 25 Nico van Suchtelen, Dutch writer and publisher, born in Amsterdam (d. 1949)
  • Oct 29 Alex E von Falkenhausen, German general (China, WW II)

Person of interestCarlos Saavedra Lamas

Nov 1 Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentine politician (Nobel Peace Prize 1936), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1959)

Nobel Peace Laureate Carlos Saavedra Lamas
Nobel Peace Laureate
Carlos Saavedra Lamas
  • Nov 1 Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter (d. 1925)
  • Nov 6 Ernest Irving, English composer, born in Godalming, Surrey (d. 1953)
  • Nov 7 Lise Meitner, Austrian-Swedish physicist (Protactinium), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1968)
  • Nov 8 Marshall Walter "Major" Taylor, world champion cyclist (1899)
  • Nov 13 John C Kielstra, Dutch economist and governor of Suriname (1933-44)
  • Nov 13 Max Dehn, German mathematician (Dehn’s lemma), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1952)
  • Nov 14 Leopold Staff, Polish poet (d. 1957)
  • Nov 14 Julie Manet, French painter, daughter of Berthe Morisot (d. 1966)
  • Nov 15 Bela Reinitz, composer
  • Nov 17 Grace Abbott, Grand Island Neb, social worker (US Children Bureau)
  • Nov 21 Gustav Radbruch, German lawyer/minister of Justice
  • Nov 23 Ernest J King, US fleet admiral/Chief of Naval Operations (WWII)
  • Nov 23 Holcombe Ward, tennis champ (US Open-1904)
  • Nov 23 André Caplet, French composer and conductor (Conte Fantastic, Le miroir de Jesus), born on a boat sailing between Le Havre (Seine-Maritime) and Honfleur (Calvados) in France (d. 1925)
  • Nov 24 Mark N Tod, English classicist/historian
  • Nov 25 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), born in Magdeburg (d. 1945)
  • Nov 26 Marshall Taylor, American track cyclist and the first African American to achieve the level of world champion (1899 world track championships), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1932)
  • Nov 27 Mabel Wheeler Daniels, composer
  • Nov 27 Jatindramohan Bagchi, Indian (Bengali) poet (d. 1948).
  • Nov 28 Jozef van Mierlo, Belgian Jesuit/literary (Hadewych)
  • Dec 1 Arthur B Spingarn, US NAACP-chairman (1940-65)
  • Dec 5 Arrigo Pedrollo, composer
  • Dec 7 Akiko Yosano, Japan, poet (Tangled Hair)
  • Dec 10 Rajaji, India's freedom fighter and the first Governor General of independent India (d. 1972)
  • Dec 15 Hans Carossa, German writer, born in Tölz, Bavaria (d. 1956)

Person of interestJoseph Stalin

Dec 18 Joseph Stalin, Dictator and General Secretary of the Soviet Union (1941-53), born in Gori, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1953)

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Dec 19 Anton Lajovic, composer
  • Dec 21 Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish philosopher and mathematician (d. 1956)
  • Dec 23 Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-born mechanical engineer (d. 1972)
  • Dec 25 W Starling Burgess, yacht designer (America Cup's Enterprise)
  • Dec 25 Louis Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver (d. 1941)
  • Dec 26 Isaiah Bowman, American geography/co-founder (Geographical Review)
  • Dec 30 William Aberhart, Canadian politician (d. 1943)
  • Dec 31 Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan playwright, poet, and short story writer (Anaconda, El Crimen del Otro), born in Salto, Uruguay (d. 1937)
  • Dec 31 Elizabeth Arden, Canadian businesswoman (d. 1966)