Famous People Born in 1883

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 200 of 236

  • Jan 1 Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (La Torre, Tre Croci)
  • Jan 1 Ichirō Hatoyama, Japanese politician, Prime Minister (1954-56), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1959)

Person of interestClement Attlee

Jan 3 Clement Attlee, British Prime Minister (L-1945-51), born in Putney, London (d. 1967)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Jan 4 Johanna Westerdijk, botanist/Neth 1st female prof (Utrecht, 1917-52)
  • Jan 4 Max Eastman, American critic/essayist and editor of The Masses (d. 1969)
  • Jan 6 Khalil Gibran, Lebanon, mystic poet (The Prophet, Broken Wings)
  • Jan 7 Andrew Browne, Irish/British admiral (WWII)
  • Jan 8 Josue Teofilo Wilkes, composer
  • Jan 8 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • Jan 8 Patrick J. Hurley, United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
  • Jan 10 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj) [NS]
  • Jan 10 Florence Reed, American silent film actress (Dancing Girl), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)
  • Jan 10 Francis X. Bushman, American silent film actor (Sabrina, Ben-Hur), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1966)
  • Jan 19 Hermann Abendroth, German conductor
  • Jan 20 Betram Home Ramsay, English admiral/Commander Allied Naval Forces
  • Jan 21 Olav Aukrust, Norwegian poet
  • Jan 21 Amang Rodriguez, Filipino politician (d. 1964)
  • Jan 24 Estelle Winwood [Goodwin], British actress (The Misfits, The Producers, Miracle on 34th Street), born in Lee, Kent, England (d. 1984)
  • Feb 1 Yevgeny Vakhtangov, Armenian-Russian theatrical director of the Moscow Art Theatre (Vakhtangov Theatre), born in Vladikavkaz, Russia (d. 1922)
  • Feb 2 Mikhail Fabianovich Gnesin, composer
  • Feb 2 S Z Sakall, Hungarian stage and film character actor (Dolly Sisters, Casablanca), born in Budapest Hungary (d. 1955)
  • Feb 3 Camille Bombois, French circus wrestler/painter
  • Feb 3 Clarence Mulford, Ill, western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)
  • Feb 7 Paul de Backer, Belgian radiologist
  • Feb 8 Joseph A Schumpeter, Austria/US economist/minister of finance
  • Feb 11 Paul August von Klenau, Danish composer/conductor (Sulamith)
  • Feb 12 Ludwig Stössel, Austrian actor (Man With a Camera, The Pride of the Yankees), born in Léka, Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1973)
  • Feb 13 Bainbridge Crist, composer
  • Feb 13 Harold "Hal" Chase, baseball player/manager
  • Feb 15 Sax Rohmer [Arthur Henry Sarsfield Ward], English author (Dr Fu Manchu novels), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1959)
  • Feb 16 Elizabeth Craig, British writer (d. 1980)
  • Feb 18 Tom Walls, British actor and producer (A Cuckoo in the Nest, Undercover), born in Kingsthorpe, England (d. 1949)
  • Feb 18 Níkos Kazantzákis, prominent Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ), born in Kandiye, Ottoman Empire (d. 1957)
  • Feb 20 Shiga Naoya, Japan, novelist (Road Through Dark Night)
  • Feb 21 Mick Commaille, South African cricketer and soccer rep, born in Cape Town, South Africa (d. 1956)
  • Feb 22 Alfred Wikenhauser, German RC exegetist (John-Apokalyps)
  • Feb 22 Jaroslav Kocian, composer
  • Feb 22 Marguerite Clark, American silent film actress (Snow White), born in Avondale, Cincinnati (d. 1940)
  • Feb 23 Karl Jaspers, Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher
  • Feb 25 Princess Alice of Albany, Countess of Athlone (d. 1981)
  • Feb 26 Erich R Jaensch, German psychologist (eidetism)
  • Mar 1 Thomas Shelvin, college footballer great (Yale)
  • Mar 3 Cyril Burt, educational psychologist (d. 1971)
  • Mar 4 Maude Fealy, American actor and drama coach (The Ten Commandments), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1971)
  • Mar 4 Sam Langford, Canadian boxer (d. 1956)
  • Mar 5 Marius Barbeau, French Canadian ethnographer and folklorist (b. 1969)
  • Mar 7 Carl Deis, composer (d. 1960)
  • Mar 7 Marion Lord, American actress (Broadway), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1942)
  • Mar 8 Manuel Gómez Carrillo, Argentine composer, born in Santiago del Estero, Argentina (d. 1968)
  • Mar 9 Umberto Saba, Italian writer, born in Trieste, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • Mar 12 Judge Jackson, composer

  • Mar 12 Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1959)
  • Mar 13 Enrico Toselli, Italian pianist and composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1926)
  • Mar 14 Juan Manén, Spanish composer and violinist, born in Barcelona (d. 1971)
  • Mar 16 Ethel Anderson, Australian poet (d. 1958)
  • Mar 17 Urmuz, Romanian writer (d. 1923)
  • Mar 19 Josef Matthias Hauer, composer
  • Mar 19 Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China)
  • Mar 20 Colin Campbell, Scottish actor (High Bright Sun, Leather Boys), born in Falkirk, Scotland (d. 1883)
  • Mar 20 Karl Hasse, German composer, born in Dohna (d. 1960)
  • Mar 21 Jules van Nuffel, composer
  • Mar 23 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria
  • Mar 24 James I Wedgwood, British theosophist and bishop (Liberal Catholic Church), born in London (d. 1951)
  • Mar 27 Jan Kunc, Czech composer (Czech State Anthem), born in Doubravice nad Svitavou (d. 1976)
  • Mar 27 Marie Under, Estonian author and poet, born in Tallinn, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • Mar 28 William Henry Harris, English composer, born in Fulham, London (d. 1973)
  • Mar 29 Donald Dexter Van Slyke, American chemist (Micromanometric analysis), born in Pike, New York (d. 1971)
  • Mar 30 Jo Davidson, American sculptor (Woodrow Wilson, Walt Whitman)
  • Apr 1 Aleksander V Aleksandrov, Russian composer/conductor
  • Apr 1 Leonidas "Lon" Chaney, American actor nicknamed "the man of a 1000 faces" (High Noon, Phantom of the Opera), born in Colorado Springs, Colorado (d. 1930)
  • Apr 6 Mien Labberton, Dutch poetress
  • Apr 6 Walter Huston, Canadian actor (Maltese Falcon, Treasure of Sierra Madre), born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada (d. 1950)
  • Apr 7 Gino Severini, Italian painter (d. 1966)
  • Apr 8 R. P. Keigwin, English academic (d. 1972)
  • Apr 9 Renzo Bossi, Italian composer, born in Como (d. 1965)
  • Apr 9 Frank King, American cartoonist (Gasoline Alley), born in Cashton, Wisconsin (d. 1969)
  • Apr 11 Leonard Mudie, British actor (Magnetic Monster, British Intelligence), born in Cheetham, England (d. 1965)
  • Apr 12 Imogen Cunningham, American photographer (1965 ASMP award), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1976)
  • Apr 12 Dally Messenger, Australian rugby league footballer, born in Balmain, New South Wales (d. 1959)
  • Apr 13 Alexander Alexandrov, composer
  • Apr 13 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, born in Hubivka, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • Apr 15 Stanley Bruce, eighth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967)
  • Apr 17 Herman Darewsky, British composer, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1947)

Person of interestGetulio Vargas

Apr 19 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil (1930-45, 1951-54), modernizer and dictator, born in São Borja, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazilian Empire (d. 1954)

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Apr 19 Richard von Mises, Austrian-born mathematician (d. 1953)
  • Apr 24 Jaroslav Hašek, Czech writer (Brave soldier Schweik), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary [or April 30]
  • Apr 26 Harry Sothern, British actor (Blind Wives, Buck Rogers), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • Apr 27 Hubert Harrison, West Indian-American writer and freedom fighter, born in St. Croix, Danish West Indies (d. 1927)
  • Apr 30 David John de Lloyd, composer
  • May 5 Charles "Chief "Bender, American MLB pitcher and only American Indian in baseball's Hall of Fame (Philadelphia Athletics), born in Crow Wing County, Minnesota (d. 1954)
  • May 5 Leopold Samuel, composer
  • May 5 Petar Konjovic, composer
  • May 5 Archibald Wavell, British general (d. 1950)
  • May 6 Jose Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher/author [or May 9]
  • May 7 Gino Roncaglia, Italian composer, born in Modena, Italy (d. 1968)
  • May 7 Martin Albertz, German theologist (Jesus Christ's Church) and resistance fighter against the Nazi regime, born in Halle (Saale), Germany (d. 1956)
  • May 13 Henk JFM Sneevliet, leader RSAP/editor Spartacus (Dutch-Indies)
  • May 13 Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (d. 1962)
  • May 14 Jan Olieslagers, Belgian aviation pioneer (Antwerp Devil)
  • May 14 Julian Eltinge, Mass, vaudeville star/greatest female impersonator
  • May 15 Stanley Marchant, English composer, born in London (d. 1949)
  • May 18 Walter Gropius, architect (Bauhaus school of design), born in Berlin, Germany
  • May 19 Henricus WJM Keuls, Dutch lawyer/poet (Dancing Lamp)
  • May 20 Paul Arntzenius, Dutch painter, graphic artist and etcher, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • May 23 Douglas Fairbanks, American actor (The Mark of Zorro, 3 Musketeers, Robin Hood), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1939)
  • May 25 Elsa Maxwell, American writer (Jack Paar Show), born in Keokuk, Iowa (d. 1963)
  • May 26 Mamie Smith, American vaudeville singer, dancer and actress (Crazy Blues), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1946)
  • May 28 George Dyson, composer
  • May 28 Luigi Perrachio, composer
  • May 28 Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian activist (d. 1966)
  • May 28 Clough Williams-Ellis, Welsh architect (d. 1978)
  • May 29 William Beatton Moonie, composer
  • May 30 Riccardo Zandonai, composer
  • May 31 Lauri Kristian Relander, 2nd President of Finland (d. 1942)
  • Jun 2 Bokke R S Pollema, Dutch Frisian journalist/author (Lock of Hair)

Person of interestJohn Maynard Keynes

Jun 5 John Maynard Keynes, English economist whose ideas changed the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1946)

  • Jun 7 Sylvanus Morley, American archaeologist and spy, born in Chester, Pennsylvania (d. 1948)
  • Jun 14 Lucien Cerfaux, Belgian bible expert
  • Jun 17 Alexandre Cellier, composer
  • Jun 20 Giannotto Bastianelli, composer
  • Jun 20 Jules Verstraete [Julien Gustave de Graef], Flemish actor (rubber, The Three Wishes), born in Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1951)
  • Jun 20 Leah Baird, American actress (Lady Gangster), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1971)
  • Jun 21 Feodor Gladkov, Russian socialist writer (Cement), born in Bolshaya Chernavka, Saratov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • Jun 22 José Rolón, Mexican composer, born in Ciudad Guzmán, Jalisco (d. 1945)

Person of interestPierre Laval

Jun 28 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), born in Châteldon, France (d. 1945)

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Jul 1 Arthur Borton, English soldier (d. 1933)

Person of interestFranz Kafka

Jul 3 Franz Kafka, Czech author (Metamorphosis, Trial, Amerika), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1924)

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • Jul 4 Maximilian Steinberg, Russian composer, born in Vilnius, Russian Empire (d. 1946)

Person of interestRube Goldberg

Jul 4 Rube Goldberg, American cartoonist (who made the easy outrageously difficult) Pulitzer Prize 1948, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1970)

Cartoonist Rube Goldberg
Cartoonist
Rube Goldberg
  • Jul 6 Ralph Morgan [Wupperman], American actor (Creeper, Imposter, Jack London), born in NYC, New York (d. 1956)
  • Jul 7 Toivo Kuula, Finnish composer, born in Vehkakoski (d. 1918)
  • Jul 10 Johann Blaskowitz, German general (surrendered at Wageningen), born in Peterswalde, Germany (d. 1948)
  • Jul 10 Sam Wood, American communist fighter and director (For Whom the Bell Tolls), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • Jul 12 Joseph Crehan, American actor (The Roaring Twenties, Meeting at Midnight), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1966)
  • Jul 14 Alexandru Zirra, composer
  • Jul 17 Bart de Ligt, anti militarist theologist (Acting Peace)
  • Jul 17 Mauritz Stiller [Moshe Stiller], Swedish actor and director (The Saga of Gösta Berling, Erotikon), born in Helsinki, Finland (d. 1928)
  • Jul 19 Max Fleischer, Polish-American animator and film producer (Betty Boop, Popeye the Sailor Man), born in Kraków, Austrian Poland (d. 1972)
  • Jul 23 Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, British field marshal, born in Bragnieres-de-Bigorre, France (d. 1963)
  • Jul 25 Alfredo Casella, Italian composer and conductor (La Giara), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1947)

Person of interestBenito Mussolini

Jul 29 Benito Mussolini [Il Duce], Fascist Italian dictator (1922-43), born in Predappio, Forlì, Italy (d. 1945)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 29 Manuel Infante, Spanish composer/conductor
  • Jul 29 Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian poet and writer (d. 1942)
  • Aug 6 Francesco Santoliquido, composer
  • Aug 6 Scott Nearing, US sociologist/pacifist/author (The Good Life)
  • Aug 7 Joachim Ringelnatz [Hans Bötticher], German writer and artist, born in Wurzen, Saxony (d. 1934)
  • Aug 9 George Hoyt, NBA hall of fame referee (elected 1961)
  • Aug 10 Carlos Lavin, composer
  • Aug 11 Ernst Stadler, German poet (Der Aufbruch), born in Colmar, Alsace-Lorraine (d. 1914)
  • Aug 12 Jan Schouten, Dutch co-founder (Daily Trouw)/chairman (ARP)
  • Aug 12 Pauline Frederick, American actress (Thank You, Mr. Moto), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1938)
  • Aug 14 Ernest Everett Just, African-American embryologist known for his pioneering work in the physiology of development, especially fertilization and cell division, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1941)
  • Aug 15 Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor and architect, born in Vrpolje, Croatia (d. 1962)

Person of interestCoco Chanel

Aug 19 Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel, French fashion designer (Chanel), born in Saumur, France (d. 1971)

Fashion Designer Coco Chanel
Fashion Designer
Coco Chanel
  • Aug 19 José Mendes Cabeçadas, 95th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (d. 1965)
  • Aug 19 Elsie Ferguson, American film actress (Footlights, Scarlet Pages), born in NYC, New York (d. 1961)
  • Aug 19 Leonid Kulik, Tartu Estonia, Russian Minerologist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history
  • Aug 23 Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, American army officer, born in Fort Walla Walla, Washington (d. 1953)
  • Aug 28 E. E. Clive, Welsh actor (Night Must Fall, Dark Hour), born in Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1940)
  • Aug 30 Theo Van Doesburg [Christian Emil Marie Küpper], Dutch painter and architect (Style), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • Sep 1 Didier Pitre, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1934)
  • Sep 2 Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria, "The Red Archduchess" (d. 1963)
  • Sep 5 Otto Erich Deutsch, Austrian musicologist (Schubert-Brevier), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1967)
  • Sep 10 Euphemia "Phemia" Molkenboer, Dutch author/poster artist
  • Sep 11 Grigory Zinoviev [Hirsch Apfelbaum], Russian revolutionary, born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1936)
  • Sep 14 Martin Dibelius, German theologist (Die Lade Jahwes), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1947)
  • Sep 15 Esteban Terradas i Illa, Spanish mathematician and engineer (d. 1950)
  • Sep 16 T. E. Hulme, English writer (d. 1917)
  • Sep 16 George Duncan, Scottish golfer (British Open 1920), born in Methlick, Scotland (d. 1964)
  • Sep 17 Gerald Hugh Tyrwhitt-Wilson Berners, 14th baron/composer
  • Sep 17 William Carlos Williams, American poet
  • Sep 18 Lord Berners [Gerald Tyrwhitt], English composer (1st Childhood), born in Apley Hall, Shropshire (d. 1950)
  • Sep 20 Johannes Gerard van Dillen, Dutch economic historian (Of Wealth & Oligarchists), born in Amsterdam (d. 1969)
  • Sep 20 Maria Baers, Flemish social worker and founder of the Christian Workers' Women's Movement (KAV), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1959)
  • Sep 22 Robert Franz Richard Hernried, composer
  • Sep 30 Robert H Lightfoot, English theologist/exegetist (St John's Gospel)
  • Sep 30 Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (d. 1945)
  • Oct 5 Charles Maduro, Antillean composer
  • Oct 8 Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician (Nobel-1931), born in Freiburg, Baden, Germany (d. 1970)
  • Oct 8 Dick Burnett, American musician (Man of Constant Sorrow), born in Monticello, Kentucky (d. 1977)
  • Oct 11 Archibald T Davison, American musicologist and composer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1961)
  • Oct 14 Adrianus PHA de Kleyn, throat/nose/otologist (ear doctor)
  • Oct 16 Vasiliki Maliaros, Greek actress (The Exorcist), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1973)
  • Oct 17 A S Neill, British headmaster (Summerhill)
  • Oct 22 Adolf A Joffe, Russian revolutionary/writer (Brest-Litovsk)
  • Oct 22 Viktor Jacobi, composer
  • Oct 26 Napoleon Hill, American writer and philosopher (Think and Grow Rich), born in Pound, Virginia (d. 1970)
  • Oct 26 Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (Olympic gold 1904, 06), born in NYC, New York (d. 1958)
  • Oct 31 Marie Laurencin, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1956)
  • Oct 31 Anthony Wilding, New Zealand tennis player (Wimbledon 1910-13), born in Christchurch, New Zealand (d. 1915)
  • Nov 2 Frico Kafenda, Slovak composer, born in Mošovce, Slovakia (d. 1963)
  • Nov 2 Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, French cardinal and Archbishop of Quebec, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 1947)
  • Nov 3 Enny Peace [Maria Magdalena Müller], Dutch actress and wife of Eduard Verkade, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1919)
  • Nov 6 Hubert Bath, British film composer and music director, born in Barnstaple, Devon (d. 1945)
  • Nov 7 Lightfoot Solomon Michaux, African-American TV preacher, born in Newport News, Virginia (d. 1968)
  • Nov 8 Arnold Bax, English composer (Farewell My Youth), born in London (d. 1953)
  • Nov 8 Ethel Clayton, American actress (Hotel Continental), born in Champaign, Illinois (d. 1966)
  • Nov 9 Edna May Oliver [Nutter], American actress (Little Women), born in Malden, Massachusetts (d. 1942)
  • Nov 10 Bedrich Antonin Wiedermann, Czech organist and composer, born in Ivanovice na Hané, Czech Republic (d. 1951)
  • Nov 11 Ernest Ansermet, Swiss conductor (Ruilles de Printemps), born in Vevey, Switzerland (d. 1969)