On This Day

Famous People Born in 1891

  • Jan 1 Frank Pettingell, English actor (Gaslight, Goose Steps Out), born in Liverpool (d. 1966)
  • Jan 3 Osip E Mandelstam, Polish/Russian poet/author (Kamenj) [NS=Jan 15]
  • Jan 4 Edward Brooker, British politician (interim Premier of Tasmania, Dec 1947-Feb 1948), born in London England (d. 1948)
  • Jan 4 Bryn Lewis, Welsh rugby union winger (2 caps; Newport, Cambridge University), born in Pontardawe, Wales (d. 1917)
  • Jan 6 Ted McDonald, Australian cricket fast bowler (11 Tests, 43 wickets, BB 5/32; Tasmania, Victoria, Lancashire CCC), born in Launceston, Australia (d. 1937)
  • Jan 7 Zora Neale Hurston, American writer (Their Eyes Were Watching God), born in Notasulga, Alabama (d. 1960)
  • Jan 8 Bronislava Nijinska, ballet choreographer
  • Jan 8 Walter Bothe, German subatomic particle physicist (Nobel 1954)
  • Jan 8 Alexander Gray, American actor (Sally, This is Music), born in Wrightsville, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)
  • Jan 8 Storm Jameson, English writer (d. 1986)
  • Jan 9 August Gailit, Estonia, writer (Ekke Moor)
  • Jan 10 Jos Speybrouck, Belgian drawer, born in Kortrijk, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • Jan 15 Osip Mandelstam, Russian poet (Noise of Time), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1938)
  • Jan 15 Ray Chapman, American baseball player (Cleveland Indians) and only MLB player to die from an injury received during a MLB game, born in Beaver Dam, Kentucky (d. 1920)
  • Jan 17 Marjorie Gateson, American actress (One Man's Family), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1977)
  • Jan 17 Norman "Squab" Read, American aviator who lived to be 101
  • Jan 17 Walter Eucken, German economist
  • Jan 20 Mischa Elman, Russian-American concert violinist, born in Talnoye, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (now Talne, Ukraine (d. 1967)
  • Jan 21 Francisco Lazaro, Portuguese runner
  • Jan 21 Nikolay Semyonovich Golovanov, composer
  • Jan 21 Timothy Mather Spelman, American composer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1970)
  • Jan 22 Franz Alexander, Hungarian/US psycho analytical
  • Jan 22 Moïse Kisling, Polish-French painter (La Souris Boiteuse), born in Kraków, Grand Duchy of Cracow, Austria-Hungary (d. 1953)

Antonio Gramsci

Jan 23 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher & Marxist theorist, born in Ales, Sardinia, Italy (d. 1937)

  • Jan 23 Jüri Lossmann, Estonian athlete (Olympic silver marathon 1920), born in Kabala, Estonia (d. 1984)
  • Jan 24 Walter Model, German field marshal
  • Jan 25 Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies, British actress (The Devil Rides Out), born in London, England (d. 1992)
  • Jan 25 William Christian Bullitt Jr., 1st US ambassador to USSR, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)
  • Jan 26 Ilya G Ehrenburg, writer (Fall of Paris, The Thaw), born in Kyiv, Ukraine

Frank Costello

Jan 26 Frank Costello, Italian-American gangster (The Prime Minister of the Underworld), born in Lauropoli, Calabria, Italy (d. 1973)

  • Jan 26 Wilder Penfield, American-born Canadian neurosurgeon (d. 1976)
  • Jan 27 Ilja Ehrenburg, writer
  • Jan 28 Camille Melloy [Paepe], Belgian poet (Parfum des Buis)
  • Jan 28 Karel Boleslav Jirak, Czech composer and pedagogue, born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1972)
  • Jan 28 Bill Doak, American baseball pitcher (NL ERA leader 1914, 21; St. Louis Cardinals), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1954)

R. Norris Williams

Jan 29 R. Norris Williams, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1914, 16) who survived the sinking of the RMS Titanic, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1968)

  • Jan 31 Max Drischner, composer

Antonio Segni

Feb 2 Antonio Segni, Italian politician, Prime Minister of Italy (1955-57, 59-60, 62-64), born in Sassari, Sardinia (d. 1972)

  • Feb 2 Frank Foyston, NHL Hall of Famer (Seattle)
  • Feb 3 Jan Donner, Dutch minister of Justice (1926-33)
  • Feb 3 Peter H "Paul" Huf, actor and director (Great Neth Stage)
  • Feb 4 Yuri Losmann, Estonia, marathon runner (Olympic-silver 1920)
  • Feb 4 Madabhushi Ananthasayanam Ayyangar, Speaker of Lok Sabha (d: 1978).

Elizabeth Ryan

Feb 5 Elizabeth Ryan, American tennis player (26 Grand Slam doubles titles), born in Anaheim, California (d. 1979)

  • Feb 5 Karl L Schmidt, German/Swiss theologist (Urchristentum)
  • Feb 7 Joachim Stutschewsky, Austrian-Israeli cellist, composer, and musicologist, born in Romni, Ukraine (d. 1982)
  • Feb 7 Ann Little [Mary Brooks], American actress, born in Mount Shasta, California (d. 1984)
  • Feb 9 Pietro Nenni, Italian socialist/minister of foreign affairs (1946-47)

Ronald Colman

Feb 9 Ronald Colman, English actor (Tale of 2 Cities), born in Richmond, England (d. 1958)

  • Feb 10 Harold RLG, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, Gov-gen of Canada (1945-52)
  • Feb 11 J. W. Hearne, English cricket all-rounder (24 Tests, 30 wickets, 1 x 100; Middlesex), born in Hillingdon, England (d. 1965)
  • Feb 12 Cec Dixon, South African cricket fast-medium bowler (1 Test; 3 wickets; Transvaal), born in Potchefstroom, South Africa (d. 1969)
  • Feb 12 Maurice Yvain, French operetta composer, born in Paris, France (d. 1965)
  • Feb 12 Max Terhune, American actor (Arizona Stagecoach, Hit the Saddle, Range Justice), born in Franklin, Indiana (d. 1973)
  • Feb 13 Grant Wood, American painter (American Gothic), born near Anamosa, Iowa (d. 1942)
  • Feb 13 Kate Roberts, Welsh nationalist and writer (d. 1985)
  • Feb 16 Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist (d. 1967)
  • Feb 17 Georg Britting, German poet and writer (d. 1964)
  • Feb 18 Chester Clute, NJ, actor (Niagra Falls)
  • Feb 19 J C White, English cricket spin bowler (15 Tests, 49 wickets; 10-76 Somerset v Worcestershire 1921), born in Holford, England (d. 1961)
  • Feb 20 Ivan Harold Browning, American stage and screen actor and singer (Shuffle Along - "I'm Just Wild About Harry"), born in Brenham, Texas (d. 1978)
  • Feb 22 Jan Wils, Holland, architect/designer (Amsterdam's Olympic Stadium)
  • Feb 22 Vlas Chubar, Soviet politician (d. 1939)
  • Feb 23 Harold Horder, Australian Rugby League player (d. 1978)
  • Feb 26 Alan Bridge, American actor (North of Arizona, Badmen of the Hills), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1957)
  • Feb 27 David Sarnoff, American radio and television pioneer (RCA, NBC), born in Uzlyany, Belarus, Russian Empire (d. 1971)
  • Feb 27 Anne Samson, oldest-ever nun documented (d. 2004)
  • Feb 27 Georges Migot, French composer, and poet (Les Agrestide; L'Arche), born in Paris (d. 1976)
  • Mar 3 Federico Moreno Torroba, Spanish composer (Luisa Fernanda), conductor, and music promoter, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1982)
  • Mar 3 Jan Donner, Dutch minister of Justice/president High Council
  • Mar 4 Dazzy Vance, American MLB and hall of fame pitcher (led NL in strike-outs 7-yrs), born in Orient, Iowa (d. 1961)
  • Mar 4 Lois Wilson, American actress and co-founder of Al-Anon, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1988)
  • Mar 5 Harold Ogden "Chic" Johnson, comedian (Olsen & Johnson), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Mar 6 Victor Kilian, actor (Gentleman's Agreement), born in Jersey City, New Jersey
  • Mar 7 Marcel Barger [Meyer Streliskie], Dutch cabaret performer (I keep Susy) (died in Auschwitz 1942)
  • Mar 10 Sam Jaffe, American actor (Gunga Din, Dr Zorba), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 10 Jacob van Gelderen, Dutch economist/sociologist and politician (SDAP)
  • Mar 12 Michael Polany, Hungarian/English chemist/economist/sociologist
  • Mar 12 George W. Mason, American industrialist (d. 1954)
  • Mar 14 John Strijbos, Dutch writer (Wandering through South-Africa)

Earl Warren

Mar 19 Earl Warren, Governor of California and 14th US Supreme Court Chief Justice (1953-69), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1974)

  • Mar 21 Jonathan Hale [Hatley], Canadian-American, actor (Blondie films; The Saint films), born in Hamilton, Ontario (d. 1960)
  • Mar 23 Catherine Murphy Urner, American singer and composer, born in Mitchell, Indiana (d. 1942)
  • Mar 24 Annie "Charley" Toorop, Dutch painter (3 Generations)
  • Mar 24 John Knittel, Swiss writer, born in Dharwar, India (d. 1970)
  • Mar 24 Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov, Soviet physicist (d. 1951)
  • Mar 28 Karel M J F Cruysberghs, Flemish author
  • Mar 28 Peter Suhrkamp, German publisher (Suhrkamp Verlag), born in Hatten, Germany (d. 1959)
  • Mar 29 Ivan Goll, French-German writer (the Landless John), born in Saint-Dié (d. 1950)
  • Mar 29 Alfred Neubauer, German racing team manager (Mercedes Benz), born in Neutitschein, Austria-Hungary (d. 1980)
  • Mar 30 Jan B. Cammans, Flemish actor (Brothers Karamazov)
  • Mar 31 Erich Walter Sternberg, composer
  • Mar 31 Ion Pillat, Romaniams poet/senator (Umbra timpului)
  • Mar 31 Victor Varconi, Hungarian actor (Divine Lady, King of Kings, Big City)
  • Mar 31 Andy Varipapa, American ten-pin bowler (BPAA All-Star champion 1947-48), born in Carfizzi, Italy (d. 1984)
  • Apr 1 Frank Rankin, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame rover (Toronto Eatons, Toronto St. Michael's Majors) and coach (Toronto Granites-Canada Olympic gold 1924), born in Stratford, Ontario (d. 1932)
  • Apr 2 Max Ernst, German-French surrealist painter and sculptor (founded surrealism), born in Brühl, German Empire (d. 1976)
  • Apr 7 Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish inventor (founded LEGO), born in Filskov, Denmark (d. 1958)
  • Apr 9 John Gobau, Flemish actor (Electricity, Hostage Rights, The Cross-Patch), born in Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • Apr 10 Tim McCoy, American actor (westerns) and soldier, born in Saginaw, Michigan (d. 1978)
  • Apr 13 Maurice Buckley, Australian soldier and winner of the Victoria Cross, born in Melbourne, Victoria (d. 1921)
  • Apr 13 Nellallitea "Nella" Larsen [Nellie Walker], African-American Harlem Renaissance novelist (Quicksand, Passing), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1964)

B.R. Ambedkar

Apr 14 B.R. Ambedkar [Baba Saheb], Indian politician, jurist (architect of the Constitution of India) and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist Movement, born in Mhow, India (d. 1956)

  • Apr 15 Väinö Raitio, Finnish composer, born in Sortavala, Grand Duchy of Finland (d. 1945)
  • Apr 15 Wallace Reid, American actor, director and screenwriter referred to as "the screen's most perfect lover" (Every Inch a Man), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 1923)
  • Apr 19 Francoise Rosay [Françoise Bandy de Nalèche], French actress (Interlude, Women in Prison, Saraband), born in Paris, France (d. 1974)
  • Apr 19 Ricardo Bacchelli, Italian playwright and poet (La Ronda), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1985)
  • Apr 21 František Suchý, Czech composer and folk song collector, born in Březové Hory, Bohemia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1973)
  • Apr 22 Belle Bennett, American actress (Stella Dallas, Iron Mask), born in Milaca, Minnesota (d. 1932)
  • Apr 22 Harold Jeffreys, English mathematician (Theory of Probability) and geophysicist, born in County Durham, England (d. 1989)
  • Apr 22 Vittorio Jano, Italian automobile designer, born in San Giorgio Canavese, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1965)
  • Apr 22 Ferdinando Nicola Sacco, Italian anarchist (Sacco and Vanzetti Trial), born in Torremaggiore, Italy (d. 1927)
  • Apr 23 Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer (Peter and the Wolf; Alexander Nevsky), born in Sontsovka, Russian Empire (now Sontsivka, Ukraine) (d. 1953)
  • Apr 28 Charley Patton, American Delta blues musician ("Pony Blues"; "High Water Everywhere"), born in Hinds County, Mississippi [date disputed] (d. 1934)
  • Apr 30 Watze Cuperus, Frisian author (Swart mar leaflik), born in Blije, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • Apr 30 Pat O'Hara Wood, Australian tennis player (Australasian C'ship 1920, 23), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 1961)
  • May 3 Tadeusz Peiper, Polish poet, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1969)
  • May 4 Frederick Jacobi, American composer, born in San Francisco (d. 1952)
  • May 4 J. W. F. Werumeus Buning, Dutch poet (Daily Bread), born in Amsterdam (d. 1958)
  • May 7 Harry McShane, Scottish socialist (d. 1988)
  • May 11 Henry Morgenthau Jr., US Secretary of Treasury (1934-45) who helped design the New Deal and Lend Lease programs, born in NYC, New York (d. 1967)
  • May 13 Fritz Rasp, German actor (Diary of a Lost Girl), born in Bayreuth, Germany (d. 1976)
  • May 14 Egon Kornauth, Austrian composer, born in Olmütz, Moravia (d. 1959)
  • May 15 Chief Nipo T Strongheart, US Native American actor (Pony Soldier), born in Yakima, Washington
  • May 15 David Vogel, Russian-born Hebrew writer (Huwelijksleven), born in Satanov, Russian Empire (d. 1944)
  • May 15 Fritz Feigl, Austrian Brazilian chemist (spot tests), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1971)
  • May 15 Mikhail Bulgakov, Russian playwright and novelist (The Master and Margarita, Black Snow), born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • May 16 Richard Tauber [Denemy], Austrian-British operatic tenor and film actor, born in Linz, Austria (d. 1948)
  • May 17 Princess Alexandra, 2nd Duchess of Fife, granddaughter of King Edward VII and great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria, born in East Sheen Lodge, Richmond, England (d. 1959)
  • May 18 Rudolf Carnap, German American philosopher (German Logical Positivist), born in Ronsdorf, Germany (d. 1970)
  • May 19 Oswald Boelcke, German World War I pilot (d. 1916)
  • May 22 Lucien Cailliet, French-American composer, conductor and teacher (Philadelphia Orchestra, 1919-1937), born in Châlons-sur-Marne, France (d. 1985)
  • May 22 Johannes R. Becher, German writer and politician, born in Munich (d. 1958)
  • May 22 Robert Gordon Sproul, American educator and college president (University of California), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1975)
  • May 22 Eddie Edwards, American jazz trombonist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1963)
  • May 23 Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1974)
  • May 24 Benedictus H. Danser, Dutch taxonomist and botanist, born in Schiedam, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • May 24 William F. Albright, American old testament scholar and archaeologist, born in Coquimbo, Chile (d. 1971)
  • May 25 Robert Willem Pieter Peereboom, Dutch editor in chief (Haarlem Newspaper), born in Haarlem, North Holland, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • May 27 Claude Champagne, Canadian composer, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1965)
  • May 30 Iman J van den Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter
  • Jun 2 Ernst Kunz, Swiss composer, born in Bern (d. 1980)
  • Jun 2 Thurman Arnold, American attorney and jurist (d. 1969)
  • Jun 3 Mary Browne, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1912-14), born in Ventura County, California (d. 1971)
  • Jun 4 Erno Rapee, American conductor and composer (Radio City Music Hall), born in Narva, Estonia (d. 1945)
  • Jun 6 István Kardos, Hungarian composer, born in Debrecen, Hungary (d. 1975)
  • Jun 7 Athos Palma, Argentine composer, born in Buenos Aires (d. 1951)
  • Jun 7 Koos [Jacobus Jan] Vorrink, Dutch politician and socialist (SDAP/AJC/PvdA), born in Vlaardingen, Zuid, Holland, Netherlands (d. 1955)

Cole Porter

Jun 9 Cole Porter, American composer and lyricist ("Anything Goes"; "Night And Day"; "I've Got You Under My Skin"), born in Peru, Indiana (d. 1964)

  • Jun 10 Al Dubin, Swiss-American lyricist ("Tiptoe Through The Tulips"; "I Only Have Eyes For You"; "You're Getting To Be A Habit With Me"), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1945)
  • Jun 13 Nell Craig, American actress (Dr. Kildare (films); The Queen of Sheba), born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 1965)
  • Jun 18 Hans Ruin, Finnish Swedish-language historian
  • Jun 18 Annie "Mae" Busch, Australian actress (Foolish Wives), born in Melbourne, Victoria (d. 1946)
  • Jun 18 Con Conrad [Dober], American songwriter ("Ma! He's Making Eyes at Me"; "The Continental"), and theatrical producer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1938)
  • Jun 20 John A. Costello, 3rd Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland, born in Dublin (d. 1976)
  • Jun 21 Hermann Scherchen, German conductor (Nature of Music), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1966)
  • Jun 21 Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian engineer and architect (Nuove Struttura), born in Sondrio, Italy (d. 1979)
  • Jun 22 Franz de Backer, Flemish writer (White Enemy)
  • Jun 22 Harry Seymour, American actor (Boy Meets Girl, Tenderfoot), born in New York City (d. 1967)
  • Jun 23 Vladislav Vančura, Czech writer (Rozmarné léto), born in Háj ve Slezsku, Austria-Hungary (d. 1942)
  • Jun 24 Irving Pichel, actor and director (Mme Butterfly, Oliver Twist), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 26 Heinrich Lemacher, German composer, born in Solingen, Dusseldorf, Germany (d. 1966)
  • Jun 26 Sidney Coe Howard, American dramatist (Swords, Pulitzer 1925), born in Oakland, California (d. 1939)
  • Jun 28 Carl Panzram, American serial killer and rapist, born in East Grand Forks, Minnesota (d. 1930)
  • Jun 28 Esther Forbes, American novelist (Johnny Tremain), born in Westborough, Massachusetts (d. 1968)
  • Jun 28 Carl Spaatz, American World War II general and 1st Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, born in Boyertown, Pennsylvania (d. 1974)
  • Jun 30 Man Mountain Dean [Frank Simmons Leavitt], American professional wrestler, born in NYC, New York (d. 1953)
  • Jun 30 Ed "Strangler" Lewis, American professional wrestler, born in Nekoosa, Wisconsin (d. 1966)
  • Jul 2 Gus Dorais, American College Football Hall of Fame quarterback (Notre Dame), coach (Gonzaga, Detroit Lions), born in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin (d. 1954)
  • Jul 5 John H. Northrop, American biochemist (crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946)), born in Yonkers, New York (d. 1987)
  • Jul 5 Tin Ujević, Croatian poet (Žedan kamen na studencu), born in Vrgorac, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1955)
  • Jul 8 Elisabeth Zernike, Dutch writer (Poor Part, Bruidstijd)
  • Jul 8 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Working Day)
  • Jul 13 Franco Casavola, composer
  • Jul 14 Henry Oscar, English actor (Saint in London), born in London, England
  • Jul 18 Gene Lockhart, American actor (Going My Way, Christmas Carol), born in NYC, New York (d. 1957)
  • Jul 23 Maurus H. Hulsman, Dutch priest and editor (Amigoe di Curacao)
  • Jul 26 Jacques Pirenne, Belgian historian and honorary secretary of King Leopold III of Belgium, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1972)
  • Jul 28 Ron Oxenham, Australian cricketer (Australian all-rounder 1928-32), born in Nundah, Queensland (d. 1939)
  • Jul 29 Bernhard Zondek, German/Israeli gynaecologist
  • Aug 2 Arthur Bliss, English composer (Olympians), born in London, England
  • Aug 2 Mihail Jora, Romanian composer, born in Roman, Romania (d. 1971)
  • Aug 2 Viktor Maksimovich Zhirmunsky, Russian literary historian and linguist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1971)
  • Aug 3 Leslie Henson, English comedian and actor (Lady Luck, Funny Face, Harvey), born in Notting Hill, London (d. 1957)
  • Aug 5 Donald Kerr, American actor (Carnival Lady, Devil Bat), born in Eagle Grove, Iowa (d. 1977)
  • Aug 6 William Slim, British general (d. 1970)
  • Aug 8 Adolf Busch, German violinist (d. 1952)
  • Aug 9 (Marcus) "Max" Tak, Dutch violinist and radio commentator, born in Amsterdam (d. 1967)
  • Aug 10 Henry O'Neill, actor (Lady Killer, Nothing But Trouble), born in Orange, New Jersey
  • Aug 12 John McDermott, American golfer (US Open 1911, 12), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1971)
  • Aug 14 Marinus de Jong, Dutch composer, born in Oosterhout, Netherlands (d. 1984)
  • Aug 21 Emiliano Mercado del Toro, World's oldest living man 2004-2007, born in Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico (d. 2007)

Bugs Moran

Aug 21 [George] Bugs Moran, American gangster, born in St. Paul, Minnesota (d. 1957)

  • Aug 22 Francis McDonald, American actor (Will-Adv of Champion), born in Bowling Green, Kentucky (d. 1968)
  • Aug 22 Jacques Lipchitz, Polish-French-American painter and cubist sculptor, born in Druskininkai, Lithuania (d. 1973)
  • Aug 24 Alexander Mikhaylovich Dzegelyonok, Russian composer, born in Moscow (d. 1969)
  • Aug 24 Germaine Loosveldt, Flemish actress (Kniertje in On hope), born in Halluin, France (d. 1960)
  • Aug 25 Alberto Savinio [Andrea Francesco Alberto de Chirico], Italian composer (Capitano Ulisse), born in Athens (d. 1952)
  • Aug 25 Luis Iruarrizaga Aguirre, Basque priest, organist and composer of religious music, born in Yurre, Viscaya, Spain (d. 1928)