On This Day

Famous People Born in 1892

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 200 of 307

  • Jan 1 Artur Rodzinski, Spalato, Dalmatia, Polish conductor/composer

Person of interestManuel Roxas

Jan 1 Manuel Roxas, 5th President of the Philippines (1946-48), born in Capiz, Philippines (d. 1948)

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas
  • Jan 1 Miklos Radnai, composer
  • Jan 2 Lura Anson, Nebraska, entertainer
  • Jan 2 Seiichiro Kashio, Japanese tennis player (d. 1962)

Person of interestJ. R. R. Tolkien

Jan 3 J. R. R. Tolkien, British author (The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings), born in Bloemfontein, South Africa (d. 1973)

Writer and Academic J. R. R. Tolkien
Writer and Academic
J. R. R. Tolkien
  • Jan 5 Francesca Bertini, Italian actress (Odette, Assunta Spina), born in Florence, Tuscany, Italy (d. 1985)
  • Jan 6 Ludwig Berger, German film director and cinematographer (The Thief of Bagdad), born in Mainz (d. 1969)
  • Jan 7 Rudolf Moser, composer
  • Jan 8 Werner Wehrli, composer
  • Jan 9 Eva Bowring, American politician (d. 1985)
  • Jan 10 Dumas Malone, American historian (Jefferson & His Time), born in Coldwater, Mississippi (d. 1986)
  • Jan 12 Mikhail Gurevich, Russian aircraft designer (d. 1976)
  • Jan 13 Paul Smart, American yachtsman (Olympic gold 1948)
  • Jan 14 Hal Roach, American producer & director (1 Million BC), born in Elmira, New York (d. 1992)
  • Jan 14 Martin Niemöller, German theologian & Lutheran clergyman, born in Lippstadt, Germany (d. 1984)

  • Jan 15 Frank Hutchens, New Zealand-born composer working in Australia, born in Leeston, New Zealand (d. 1965)
  • Jan 15 Rex Ingram [Reginald Hitchcock], Irish director (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1950)

Person of interestOliver Hardy

Jan 18 Oliver Hardy, American comic actor (Laurel & Hardy), born in Harlem, Georgia (d. 1957)

Comic Actor Oliver Hardy
Comic Actor
Oliver Hardy
  • Jan 18 Paul Rostock, German surgeon (d. 1956)
  • Jan 19 Ólafur Thors, Icelandic Prime Minister (5 times between 1942-63), born in Borgarnes, Iceland (d. 1964)
  • Jan 22 Marcel Dassault, [Bloch], French airplane builder
  • Jan 26 Zara Cully, American actress (The Jeffersons), born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1978)
  • Jan 27 Mitya Stillman, composer
  • Jan 29 Ernst Lubitsch, German actor, producer and film director (To Be or Not to Be, Love Parade), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1947)
  • Jan 29 Clifford Gray, American bobsled (Olympic gold 1928)
  • Jan 30 Charles Trowbridge Haubiel, American composer, pianist and lecturer (Tre Ritratti Characteristici), born in Delta, Ohio (d. 1978)
  • Jan 30 Grigore Gafencu, Romanian minister of Foreign affairs (1938-39), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1957)
  • Jan 31 Eddie Cantor, American comedian (Eddie Cantor Comedy Theater), born in NYC, New York
  • Feb 1 Rudolf Mengelberg, Dutch composer and musicologist (Amsterdam Concert Hall), born in Krefeld (d. 1959)
  • Feb 4 Ugo Betti, Italian playwright
  • Feb 4 Andreu Nin, Catalan politician (d. 1937)
  • Feb 4 E. J. Pratt, Canadian poet (d. 1964)
  • Feb 5 George Saiko, Austrian writer, born in Seestadtl, Bohemia (d. 1962)
  • Feb 6 William Parry Murphy, American physician & Nobel laureate, born in Wisconsin (d. 1987)
  • Feb 8 Fritz Todt, German Reichs minister (Organization Todt)

  • Feb 9 Barend ter Haar, Dutch lawyer (Indonesian adat justice)
  • Feb 9 Peggy Wood, American actress (One Life to Live, Mama), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1978)
  • Feb 9 Tommy Treichel, American professional wrestler (d. 1936)
  • Feb 10 Alan Hale Sr., American actor (Little John-The Adventures of Robin Hood), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1950)
  • Feb 13 Robert Houghwout Jackson, 84th Supreme Court justice (1941-54)
  • Feb 14 Nikolaj A. Orloff, Russian-British pianist (Chopin), born in Yelets, Oryol Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • Feb 14 Radola Gajda, Czech military commander and politician, born in Kotor, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • Feb 15 James Forrestal, American banker/minister of Navy
  • Feb 17 Theodor Plievier, German writer (Des Kaisers Kulis, Stalingrad)
  • Feb 18 Wendell Wilkie, American Presidential candidate (R-1940)/author (One World), (d. 1944)
  • Feb 22 David Dubinsky, labor leader (Freedom Award, 1969 Medal of Freedom)
  • Feb 22 Edna St Vincent Millay, poet/dramatist/feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1950)
  • Feb 23 Kathleen Harrison, British actress (Fast Lady, Big Money, West 11), born in Blackburn, Lancashire, England (d. 1995)
  • Feb 27 William Demarest, American actor (My 3 Sons), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 1983)
  • Feb 29 Augusta Savage (Fells), Green Cove Springs Florida, African-American sculptor and equal rights advocate
  • Mar 1 Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Japan, writer (Rashomon in Kappa)
  • Mar 2 Felix Bressart, German actor (Ninotchka, Escape, Crossroads), born in Eydtkuhnen, East Prussia, Germany (d. 1949)
  • Mar 3 Edmund Lowe, American actor (Black Sheep, Good Sam, Dillinger, Hot Pepper), born in San Jose, California (d. 1971)
  • Mar 3 Rui Coelho, Portuguese composer, born in Alcacer do Sal (d. 1986)
  • Mar 8 Mátyás Rákosi, Hungarian party leader and Prime Minister (1952-53), born in Ada, Serbia (d. 1971)
  • Mar 9 David Garnett, English novelist and editor (Lady into Fox), born in Brighton, East Sussex (d. 1981)
  • Mar 9 Frank Puglia, Italian actor (Black Orchid, Jungle Book), born in Sicily, Italy (d. 1975)
  • Mar 9 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Adel und Untergang), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1945)
  • Mar 9 Vita Sackville-West, English novelist, poet (The Land) and gardener (Sissinghurst), born in Knole House, Kent (d. 1962)
  • Mar 10 Arthur Honegger, Swiss composer (King David, Pacific 231), born in Le Havre, France (d. 1955)
  • Mar 10 Eva Turner, British soprano
  • Mar 10 Gregory La Cava, American director (d. 1952)
  • Mar 11 Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general (WW I, WW II)
  • Mar 13 Alec Rowley, English composer, born in London (d. 1958)
  • Mar 13 Janet Flanner, American journalist (New Yorker), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1978)
  • Mar 14 Olive Netta Parsons, co-founder (Collet's Bookshop)
  • Mar 15 James Basevi Ord, US army officer (d. 1938)
  • Mar 16 Caesar Vallejo, Peruvian/French poet (Los Heraldos Negros)
  • Mar 16 James Petrillo, leader of the U.S. musicians union (d. 1984)
  • Mar 17 Sayed Darwish, composer
  • Mar 17 Benjamin Drake Van Wissen, Australian Engineer (d. 1984)
  • Mar 18 Robert P Tristram Coffin, poet/reporter (WWII)
  • Mar 19 Robert Denzler, composer
  • Mar 19 Siegfried T Bok, neurobiologist/anatomist (Cybernetica)
  • Mar 19 James Van Fleet, American general (d. 1992)
  • Mar 25 Andy Clyde, Scottish actor (The Real McCoys, Lassie), born in Blairgowrie, Perthshire, Scotland (d. 1967)
  • Mar 27 Ferde Grofé, American composer, born in New York (d. 1972)
  • Mar 27 Thorne Smith, American sci-fi author (Topper, Rain in the Doorway, Stray Lamb), born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1934)
  • Mar 28 Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist (Nobel 1938), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • Mar 28 Tom Maguire, Irish republican (d. 1993)
  • Mar 29 Jozsef Mindszenty József Pehm], Hungarian cardinal who opposed fascism and communism in Hungary, born in Csehimindszent, Hungary (d. 1975)
  • Mar 30 Erwin Panofsky, German/US art historian
  • Mar 30 Fortunato Depero, Italian artist (d. 1960)
  • Mar 30 Erhard Milch, German field marshal (d. 1972)
  • Mar 31 Stanislav Wladyslaw Maczek, Polish/British general-major/commandant
  • Apr 4 Cyril Smith, Scottish actor (The Adventures of Sir Lancelot), born in Peterhead, Scotland (d. 1963)
  • Apr 4 Esther Howard, American actress, born in Helena, Montana (d. 1965)

Person of interestDonald Wills Douglas

Apr 6 Donald Wills Douglas, American aircraft industrialist (McConnell Douglas) and aviation pioneer (Douglas DC-3), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1981)

Aviation Pioneer Donald Wills Douglas
Aviation Pioneer
Donald Wills Douglas
  • Apr 6 Lowell Thomas, Woodington Ohio, newscaster (High Adventure)
  • Apr 6 Mateusz Glinski, composer

Person of interestMary Pickford

Apr 8 Mary Pickford [Gladys Smith], Canadian actress (Poor Little Rich Girl), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1979)

Actress Mary Pickford
Actress
Mary Pickford
  • Apr 8 Richard Neutra, American architect (d. 1970)
  • Apr 10 Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist (classified human into races), born in Jeseritz, Germany (d. 1965)
  • Apr 10 Victor de Sabata, Italian conductor and composer (Il Macigno), born in Trieste, Italy (d. 1967)
  • Apr 12 Johnny Dodds, American early jazz clarinetist, born in Waveland, Mississippi (d. 1940)

Person of interestRobert Watson-Watt

Apr 13 Robert Watson-Watt, Scottish physicist and developer of the radar and radio direction finding in WWII, born in Brechin, Scotland (d. 1973)

Physicist and Radar Pioneer Robert Watson-Watt
Physicist and Radar Pioneer
Robert Watson-Watt
  • Apr 13 Arthur Harris, British RAF Commanding Chief known as "Bomber/Butcher Harris" for commanding the bombing campaign against Nazi Germany, born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire (d. 1984)
  • Apr 14 Giorgio Cesana, Italian coxswain (Olympic gold 1906), born in Venice (d. 1967)
  • Apr 14 V. Gordon Childe, British archaeologist and prehistorian, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1957)
  • Apr 15 Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author (The Hiding Place) and Holocaust survivor, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • Apr 15 Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot, born in Düren, Rhine Province, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1975)
  • Apr 17 Jean Haesaert, Flemish lawyer and sociologist, born in Lokeren, Belgium (d. 1961)
  • Apr 19 Germaine Tailleferre, French composer (Le Marin du Bolivar), born in Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, Val-de-Marne, France (d. 1983)
  • Apr 21 Jaroslav Kvapil, Czech composer, born in Fryšták, Czech Republic (d. 1959)
  • Apr 22 Nikolai Obukhov, Russian composer, born in Ol'shanka village, Kursk Province, Russian Empire (d. 1954)
  • Apr 22 Vernon Johns, American civil rights activist, born in Darlington Heights, Virginia (d. 1965)
  • Apr 23 Minus van Looi [Benjamin van der Voort], Flemish writer, born in Tessenderlo, Belgium (d. 1952)
  • Apr 23 Richard Huelsenbeck, German Dada writer, born in Frankenau, Hessen-Nassau (d. 1974)
  • Apr 24 Jack Hulbert, British actor (Into the Blue, Bulldog Jack), born in Ely, Cambridgeshire, England (d. 1978)
  • Apr 27 Louis Victor de Broglie, French quantum physicist (studied electrons, Nobel Prize 1929), born in Dieppe, France (d. 1987)
  • Apr 28 Georges Antoine, Belgian composer, born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1918)
  • Apr 28 John Jacob Niles, American composer, born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1980)
  • Apr 28 Joseph Dunninger, American mentalist (Amazing Dunninger), born in NYC, New York
  • May 1 Howard Barlow, American conductor (Voice of Firestone), born in Plain City, Ohio (d. 1972)

Person of interestThe Red Baron

May 2 Manfred von Richthofen [The Red Baron], German World War I fighter ace, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1918)

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • May 3 George Paget Thomson, English pysicist, demonstrated electron diffraction (Nobel 1937), born in Cambridge (d. 1943)
  • May 7 Archibald MacLeish, American lawyer and poet (Conquistador), born in Glencoe, Illinois (d. 1982)

Person of interestJosip Broz Tito

May 7 Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslav communist revolutionary and leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80), born in Kumrovec, Hrvatsko Zagorje, Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (d. 1980)

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • May 8 Ezio Pinza, bass singer (South Pacific, RCA Victor Show), born in Rome, Italy
  • May 9 Eric Westberg, Swedish composer, born in Hudiksvall, Sweden (d. 1944)

  • May 9 Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary, born in Villa Pianore, Tuscany, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1989)
  • May 11 Margaret Rutherford, English actress (Murder Most Foul, The V.I.P.s), born in London (d. 1972)
  • May 12 Fritz Kortner, Austrian-born director (d. 1970)
  • May 14 Arthur Vincent Lourie, composer
  • May 14 Felix Petyrek, composer
  • May 15 Jimmy Wilde, boxer (d. 1969)
  • May 16 Coenraad B van Haeringen, linguist/etymologist (Dutch Dictionary)
  • May 16 Richard Tauber, [Ernst Seiffert], Austria/British, tenor/conductor
  • May 19 Konstatin G Paustovski, Russian author (Povestj Zjizni) [OS]
  • May 21 John Peale Bishop, American poet (This Side of Paradise)
  • May 22 Louis van Tulder, Dutch tenor (From Office Stool to High C), born in Amsterdam (d. 1969)
  • May 27 Sara Heyblom, Dutch actress (Pygmalion, Fietsen naar de Maan), born in Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1990)
  • May 28 Minna Gombell, American actress (Bad Girl, Thin Man, Hello Sister), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1973)
  • May 29 Alfonsina Storni, Argentine poet (La inquietud del rosal), born in Sala Capriasca, Switzerland (d. 1938)
  • May 30 Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter (d. 1972)
  • May 31 Gregor Strasser, German political activist and NSDAP-Reich organization leader, born in Geisenfeld, Germany (d. 1934)
  • May 31 Konstatin G Paustovski, Russian author (Bespokojnaja Joenostj) [NS]
  • May 31 Louis Fourestier, composer
  • May 31 Willem Ravelli, baritone singer
  • May 31 Michel Kikoine, Belarus painter (d. 1968)
  • May 31 Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (d. 1968)
  • Jun 1 Amanullah, emir/king of Afghanistan (1919-28)
  • Jun 1 Samuel L M Barlow II, American composer (Mon Ami Pierrot), born in NYC, New York (d. 1982)
  • Jun 5 Alexander Loudon, diplomat (Washington)
  • Jun 6 Donald F. Duncan Sr., American entrepreneur (Duncan Toys Company), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1971)
  • Jun 11 Edward Shanks, British poet and critic, born in London, England (d. 1953)
  • Jun 12 John Donald Robb, American composer, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1989)
  • Jun 12 Djuna Barnes, American author (Nightwood), born in Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York (d. 1982)
  • Jun 12 Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1973)

Person of interestBasil Rathbone

Jun 13 Basil Rathbone, South African born British actor (Sherlock Holmes), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1967)


  • Jun 16 Lupino Lane, English actor (Love Parade), born in London (d. 1959)
  • Jun 18 Edward Steuermann, Austrian-American pianist and composer, born in Sambor, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1964)
  • Jun 20 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, born in Kuldīga, Latvia (d. 1937)

Person of interestReinhold Niebuhr

Jun 21 Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian (Nature & Destiny of Man), born in Wright City, Missouri (d. 1971)

Theologian, Ethicist, Magazine Editor Reinhold Niebuhr
Theologian, Ethicist, Magazine Editor
Reinhold Niebuhr
  • Jun 22 Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • Jun 22 N. Howell Furman, American Chemist whose work on separating uranium contributed to the development of the atomic bomb
  • Jun 23 Able Kiviat, American runner (Olympic gold 1912)
  • Jun 23 Edmund Cobb, Mexican western actor (Motorcycle Gang, Comanche Territory), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico (d. 1974)
  • Jun 23 Mieczyslaw Horszowski, Polish-American pianist, born in Lviv, Ukraine (d. 1993)
  • Jun 26 Pearl S. Buck, American author (Good Earth-Nobel 1938), born in Hillsboro, West Virginia (d. 1973)
  • Jun 27 Paul Colin, French poster designer, born in Nancy, France (d. 1985)
  • Jun 28 E. H. Carr, English historian (History of Soviet Russia), born in London (d. 1982)
  • Jun 30 László Lajtha, Hungarian composer, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1963)
  • Jun 30 Pierre Blanchar, Algerian actor and director (Magnificent Sinner, Wooden Crosses,, Pastoral Symphony), born in Philippeville, Constantine, France (d. 1963)
  • Jun 30 Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader, born in Duisburg-Ruhrort, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • Jul 1 James M. Cain, American novelist (Postman Always Rings Twice), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1977)
  • Jul 2 Jack Hylton, English orchestra leader and impresario (Crazy Passage Show), born in Great Lever, Lancashire, England (d. 1965)
  • Jul 3 Wilhelm Rettich, German composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1988)
  • Jul 6 Willy Coppens, Belgian WW I fighter ace, born in Watermael-Boitsfort, Brussels, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • Jul 8 Richard Aldington, writer
  • Jul 8 Pavel Korin, Russian painter (d. 1967)
  • Jul 10 George "Slim" Summerville, American actor (All Quiet on the Western Front, Keystone Cops), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico (d. 1946)
  • Jul 11 Giorgio Federico Ghedini, Italian composer (Concerto dell'albatro), born in Cuneo, Piedmont (d. 1965)
  • Jul 11 Thomas Mitchell, American academy award winning actor (Gone with the Wind, High Noon), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1962)
  • Jul 12 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer (The Street of Crocodiles), born in Drohobych, Austrian Galicia (d. 1942)
  • Jul 15 Walter Benjamin, German literature critic/writer
  • Jul 15 Henry Johnson, American soldier of 369th regiment (aka Harlem Hell Fighters), 1st US WWI soldier to receive the Croix de guerre after fighting a German raid in hand-to-hand combat to rescue a fellow soldier (posthumous Medal of Honour, 2015), born in Tallahassee, Florida, (d. 1929)
  • Jul 17 Mary Clare, British actress (Evil Mind, Young & Innocent), born in London, England (d. 1970)
  • Jul 18 Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian football player, born in São Paulo, Brazil (d. 1969)
  • Jul 19 Dick Irvin, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (Chicago Black Hawks), born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (d. 1957)

  • Jul 21 Anton Schnack, German writer and poet, born in Rieneck, Germany (d. 1973)
  • Jul 21 Gijsbert Friedhoff, Dutch architect (Wibautstrat tax office, Amsterdam), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1892)
  • Jul 21 Lenore Ulric, American actress (Notorious, Better Woman), born in New Ulm, Minnesota [or 1894]
  • Jul 22 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s)/war criminal
  • Jul 22 John MacBryan, cricketer (one Test Eng v South Africa 1924 DNBat, DNbowl)

Person of interestHaile Selassie

Jul 23 Haile Selassie [Ras Tafari Makonnen], Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-74), born in Ejersa Goro, Ethiopian Empire (d. 1975)

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • Jul 23 Petros John Petridis, Greek composer (Isotope Suite), born in Nigdé (Capodocia), Turkey (d. 1977)
  • Jul 24 Alice Ball, African American chemist (developed treatment for leprosy), born in Seattle Washington (d. 1916)
  • Jul 26 Philipp Jarnach, French composer, born in Noisy-le-Sec, France (d. 1982)
  • Jul 26 Sam Jones, American baseball player (Cleveland Indians), born in Woodsfield, Ohio (d. 1966)
  • Jul 28 Joe E. Brown, American comedian (Buck Circus Hour), born in Holgate, Ohio (d. 1973)
  • Jul 29 Ernst van Raalte, Dutch journalist (Seen, heard... wrote), born in Rotterdam, South Holland (d. 1975)
  • Jul 29 William Powell, American actor (Thin Man, My Man Godfrey), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1984)
  • Jul 30 Roy Park, Australian cricketer (one Test Aust v Eng 1920, out 1st ball), born in Charlton, Victoria (d. 1947)
  • Jul 31 Joseph Charbonneau, French-Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop of Montreal (1940-50), born in Lefaivre, Canada (d. 1959)
  • Aug 1 Constant Burniaux, Belgian writer (The Abandoned) and art historian (Temps Inquiets), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1975)
  • Aug 2 Jack L Warner [Jacob Warner], Canadian-American film executive and president of the Warner Bros. Studios, born in London, Ontario, Canada (d. 1978)
  • Aug 2 John Kieran, American columnist and author (Natural History of NYC), born in NYC, New York (d. 1981)
  • Aug 3 Oscar van Hemel, Belgian-Dutch composer, born in Antwerp (d. 1981)