On This Day

Famous Birthdays on February 16

  • 1032 Zhao Shu, Chinese Emperor Yingzong of Song (1063-67), born in Kaifeng, China (d. 1067)
  • 1075 Ordericus Vitalis, French monk/historian/poet
  • 1222 Nichiren, Japan, Buddhist priest/saint
  • 1331 Coluccio Salutati, Italian political leader and humanist, Chancellor of the Republic of Florence (appointed 1375), born in Stignano (d. 1406)
  • 1497 Philipp Melanchthon, Germ, Protestant reformer (Augsburgse Confessie)
  • 1519 Gaspard de Coligny, Huguenot leader/French admiral
  • 1543 Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (d. 1590)
  • 1620 Frederick William, Great Elector, founder of Brandenburg-Prussia
  • 1643 John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (1691-1714), born in Bradford, England (d. 1714)
  • 1684 Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský, Nymburk, Bohemia, Czech monk/composer
  • 1698 Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (heliometer)
  • 1709 Charles Avison, English composer, born in Newcastle upon Tyne (d. 1770) baptismal date
  • 1727 Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (d. 1817)
  • 1740 Giambattista Bodoni, Saluzzo Italy, printer/typeface designer (Bodoni)
  • 1746 Johann Heinse, German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic
  • 1761 Charles Pichegru, French general (d. 1804)

  • 1774 Pierre Rode, French composer and violinist, born in Bordeaux, Aquitaine (d. 1830)
  • 1786 Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1859)
  • 1787 Andreas Schelfhout, Dutch painter/etcher/lithographer
  • 1788 Juan van Halen, Dutch/Spanish officer/adventurer
  • 1790 Chretien Urhan, composer
  • 1802 Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, American philosopher (d. 1866)
  • 1804 Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (d. 1885)
  • 1807 Lysander Cutler, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Royalston, Massachusetts (d. 1866)
  • 1812 Henry Wilson, (R) 18th VP (1873-75)
  • 1813 Joseph Reid Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1892)
  • 1813 Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky, composer
  • 1821 Heinrich Barth, geographer/explorer (Central Africa), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1822 Francis Galton, British anthropologist and geneticist (eugenics), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1911)
  • 1822 James Patton Anderson, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1872)
  • 1823 John Daniel Imboden, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
  • 1824 Peter Kozler, Slovenian cartographer and geographer (d. 1879)
  • 1826 Franz von Holstein, composer
  • 1826 Joseph V von Scheffel, German writer (Gaudeamus)
  • 1831 Nikolai Leskow, writer
  • 1832 Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac, Mjr General (Confederate Army)

  • 1834 Ernst Haeckel, German biologist (Causes of Evolution) and philosopher (Social Darwinism), born in Potsdam, Prussia (d. 1919)
  • 1836 Benjamin Edward Woolf, Dutch composer
  • 1838 Arnoldus Pannevis, South African ship's doctor/linguist
  • 1838 Henry Adams, historian, writer (Education of Henry Adams), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1847 Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka, German composer (Album polonaise)
  • 1848 Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist (How species emerge)
  • 1850 Octave Mirbeau, French writer (Journal of a Lady's Maid)
  • 1852 Charles Taze Russell, religion founder (Jehovah's Witnesses)
  • 1852 William Scarborough, Macon Ga, linguist/author (Birds of Aristophanes)
  • 1852 Mary Ewing Outerbridge, American citizen credited with importing tennis to the US from Bermuda (1874), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1886)
  • 1854 Oscar Fetrás [Otto Faster], German composer (Mondnacht auf der Alster), born in Hamburg, German Confederation (d. 1931)
  • 1856 Willem Kes, Dutch violinist/composer/conductor (Parkorkest Amsterdam)
  • 1856 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (d. 1944)
  • 1858 Laurence "Lon" Myers, American track star (top US miler)
  • 1866 Johann Strauss III, Austrian composer and conductor (Dem Muthigen gehört die Welt), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1939)
  • 1866 William "Sliding Billy" Hamilton, NJ, hall of fame baseball player
  • 1868 Wilhelm Schmidt, German anthropologist/linguist (Anthropos)
  • 1874 Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German soprano (d. 1935)
  • 1876 G. M. Trevelyan [George Macaulay Trevelyan], British historian and academic, born in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England (d. 1962)
  • 1878 Selim Palmgren, Finnish pianist and composer (Daniel Hjort), born in Pori, Finland (d. 1951)
  • 1881 Maurits H E Uyldert, Dutch poet/writer (Youth of a Poet)
  • 1883 Elizabeth Craig, British writer (d. 1980)
  • 1884 Robert Flaherty, American filmmaker and the father of documentary film (Nanook of North), born in Iron Mountain, Michigan (d. 1951)
  • 1886 Andrew Ducat, cricketer (Test for Eng 1921 (3 & 2) Soccer intl)
  • 1886 Van Wyck Brooks, NJ, literary historian/writer (Ordeal of Mark Twain)
  • 1887 Kathleen Clifford, American actress (When the Clouds Roll by), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1962)
  • 1890 Semyon Semyonovich Bogatiryov, composer
  • 1891 Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist (d. 1967)
  • 1896 Alexander Brailowsky, Russian pianist (Chopin)
  • 1898 Katharine Cornell, German actress (Barretts of Wimpole St), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1974)
  • 1900 Albert Maurice Hackett, playwright/screenwriter
  • 1900 Vincent Coleman, American actor (For the Freedom of Ireland, Salome), born in Louisiana (d. 1971)
  • 1901 Chester Morris, American actor (Diagnosis: Unknown), born in NYC, New York (d. 1970)
  • 1901 Wayne King, Savannah Ill, saxophonist/bandleader (Waltz King)
  • 1903 Edgar Bergen, ventriloquist (Charlie McCarthy), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1903 George-Henri Lévesque, Quebec priest and sociologist (d. 2000)
  • 1904 Ellis Achong, cricketer (West Indian SLA, 8 wickets in 6 Tests)
  • 1904 George F Kennan, US ambassador (to Moscow), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1904 James Baskett, American actor (Song of the South) 1st African American male to receive an Oscar, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1948)
  • 1905 Lord Franks, British ambassador (to US)
  • 1906 Vera Menchik, Russian born British chess master, 1st official women's world chess champion (1927-39), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1907 Fernando Previtali, Italian composer and conductor (Rome Radio Symphony), born in Adria, Veneto (d. 1985)
  • 1909 Hugh Beaumont, American actor (The Mole People, Leave it to Beaver), born in Lawrence, Kansas (d. 1982)
  • 1909 Jeffrey Lynn [Ragnar Godfrey Lind], American actor (Four Daughters, Roaring Twenties), born in Auburn, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (d. 1998)
  • 1910 Michael Milne-Watson, CEO (BUPA)
  • 1910 Miguel Bernal Jiménez, Mexican composer and pedagogist who made major contributions to the nacionalismo sacro movement, born in Morelia, Mexico (d. 1956)
  • 1911 Hal Porter, Australia, writer (Tilted Cross, Paper Chase)
  • 1912 Arthur Crook, British editor (Times Literary Supplement)
  • 1912 Bob Tadema Sporry, Dutch (female) author
  • 1912 Del Sharbutt, Cleburne Tx, TV announcer (Your Hit Parade)
  • 1912 Machito [Francisco "Frank" Grillo], Latin jazz musician and creator of Cubop and salsa music (Afro-Cubans), born in Havana, Cuba - NB: birth date and location disputed (d. 1984)
  • 1914 J Tobin, British anaesthetist
  • 1914 Jimmy Wakely, country vocalist (5 Star Jubilee), born in Mineola, Arkansas
  • 1915 Michael Relph, British film producer and director (d. 2004)

  • 1916 Bill Doggett [William Ballard Doggett], American jazz and blues musician (Honky Tonk), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1996)
  • 1918 Patty Andrews, American vocalist (Andrews Sisters), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • 1920 Hubert van Herreweghen, Flemish writer/journalist
  • 1920 Lee Russell, vocalist (Vincent Lopez), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1920 Anna Mae Hays [McCabe], American military officer and US military's 1st female General, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1921 Jean Behra, auto racer

Person of interestVera-Ellen

1921 Vera-Ellen [Westmeier Rohe], American actress and dancer (Big Leaguer, On the Town), born in Norwood, Ohio (d. 1981)

Actress Vera-Ellen
  • 1921 Araucaria, British crossword compiler
  • 1921 Esther Bubley, Phillips, Wisconsin, American photographer

Person of interestHua Guofeng

1921 Hua Guofeng, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1976-81) and Premier of the People's Republic of China (1976-80), born in Jiaocheng County, Shanxi (d. 2008)

Paramount Leader of China Hua Guofeng
Paramount Leader of China
Hua Guofeng
  • 1922 Geraint Evans, British opera vocalist (Knaben Wunderhorn)
  • 1922 Paul van 't Veer, Dutch journalist/writer (Het Vrije Volk)
  • 1924 James Swaffield, director-general (Swaffield & Clerk to the GLC)
  • 1924 Peter Webster, British High Court Judge
  • 1925 David Emms, director (London Goodenough Trust for Overseas Graduates)
  • 1925 PER Bailey, director (Gatwick & Stansted Airports)
  • 1925 Carlos Paredes, Portuguese guitar master (d. 2004)
  • 1926 John Schlesinger, director (Midnight Cowboy, Darling), born in London, England
  • 1926 Jack Levy, mechanical engineer
  • 1926 David Austin, English rose breeder (Austin roses), born in Albrighton, England (d. 2018)
  • 1927 June Brown, British actress (EastEnders, Sitting Target), born in Needham Market, Suffolk
  • 1929 Peter NF Porter, Australian/British author/poet (Chair of Babel)
  • 1929 Gerhard Hanappi, Austrian footballer (d. 1980)
  • 1930 Frederick "Fred" Cuming, British painter, born in London
  • 1930 Peggy King, American jazz and pop vocalist, former TV personality and actress (George Gobel Show), born in Greensburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1931 Alfred Kolleritsch, Austrian writer, born in Eichfeld
  • 1931 Gamini Goonesena, cricket leg-spinner (all-rounder for Ceylon, Notts)
  • 1931 George E Sangmeister, (Rep-D-Illinois)
  • 1931 Ken Takakura [Goichi Oda], Japanese actor and singer (Black Rain, Story of Antarctic), born in Nakama, Fukuoka (d. 2014)
  • 1931 Bobby Collins, Govanhill, Scotland, footballer (Celtic, 31 caps), (d. 2014)

  • 1932 Aharon Appelfeld, Israeli writer, born in Jadova Commune, Kingdom of Romania
  • 1932 Gretchen Wyler, American actress, dancer and animal rights activist (Silk Stockings), born in Bartlesville, Oklahoma (d. 2007)
  • 1932 Nand Baert, Belgian radio/TV-host
  • 1932 Otis Blackwell, composer/singer
  • 1932 Harry Goz, American musical theatre actor and voice actor, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2003)
  • 1932 Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, President of Sierra Leone
  • 1933 Elbert Dubenion, American football wide receiver and running back (AFL All Star 1964; Buffalo Bills), born in Griffin, Georgia (d. 2019)
  • 1934 Austin "Ted" Taylor, US gospel/R&B-singer (Be Ever Wonderful)
  • 1934 Marlene Bauer Hagge, American golfer, co-founder LPGA (Woman's PGA C'ship 1956), born in Eureka, South Dakota
  • 1934 Harold "Hal" Kalin, American singer (Kalin Twins), born in Port Jervis, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1935 Brian Bedford, English actor (Anthony-Coronet Blue), born in Morley, West Yorkshire (d. 2016)
  • 1935 Robin Clark, chemist (FRS)
  • 1935 Salvatore "Sonny" Bono, American actor, musician, vocalist, (Sonny & Cher) and politician (Rep-R-Ca, 1995-98), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1998)
  • 1935 Kenneth Price, ceramic artist and print maker (Hot Bottoms, Tamed), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)
  • 1936 Jill Kinmont, American skier

Person of interestCarl Icahn

1936 Carl Icahn, American businessman (Icahn Enterprises), born in NYC, New York

Investor and business magnate Carl Icahn
Investor and business magnate
Carl Icahn
  • 1937 Paul Bailey, English novelist and biographer, born in London
  • 1937 Valentin Vasilyevich Bondarenko, cosmonaut
  • 1938 Barry Primus, American actor (Sgt McKenna-Cagney & Lacey, Boxcar Bertha), born in NYC, New York
  • 1938 John Corigliano, American composer (Fern Hill, Ghosts of Versailles), born in NYC, New York
  • 1939 David Griffiths, portrait painter
  • 1940 Karoli Ruth Needles, painter
  • 1941 Vitali Kuznetsov, USSR, judo (Olympic silver 1972)
  • 1942 Gabriel Brncic, composer

Person of interestKim Jong-il

1942 Kim Jong-il, Supreme Leader of North Korea (1994-2011), born in Vyatskoye, Soviet Union [disputed birthplace and birth date, 1941] (d. 2011)

Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea Kim Jong-il
Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea
Kim Jong-il
  • 1942 Bob Hammond AM, Australian rules key defender (AFL Hall of Fame; North Adelaide; SA) and coach (Sydney Swans 1984), born in Perth, Australia (d. 2020)
  • 1943 Anthony Dowell, ballet dancer (Royal Ballet), born in London, England
  • 1943 James Beaton, British GC
  • 1944 Richard Ford, American author (Sportswriter)
  • 1944 António Mascarenhas Monteiro, 2nd President of Cape Verde

  • 1945 Pete Christlieb, American jazz bebop saxophonist (Deacon Blues, Unforgettable), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1946 Aleksandr Shaparenko, USSR, 1K kayaker (Olympic gold 1972)
  • 1946 Ian Lavender, British actor (Stupid Boy in Dad's Army)
  • 1946 J R Farndon, British consultant surgeon
  • 1947 Franz West, artist (Flause), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2012)
  • 1948 Eckhart Tolle, Author and spiritual teacher
  • 1948 Séamus Brennan, Irish Fianna Fáil politician and Minister, born in Salthill, Galway, Ireland (d. 2008)
  • 1949 Dorus Vrede, Surinam poet (Otobanda; the Other Bank)
  • 1950 Kazuki Tomokawa, Japanese acid-folk singer
  • 1950 Roman Tam, Hong Kong famous singer (d. 2002)
  • 1951 William Katt, American actor (Greatest American Hero, Carrie), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1951 Larry Finch, American college basketball coach (University of Memphis 1986-97), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 2011)
  • 1952 James Ingram, American R&B singer-songwriter and musician (Just Once), born in Akron, Ohio (d. 2019)
  • 1952 Barry Foote, Major League Baseball player
  • 1953 Andre St Lauren, NHLer
  • 1953 George Martin, NFL defensive back (NY Giants), born in Greenville, South Carolina
  • 1953 Janice Dickinson, American model (Vogue) and TV personality (America's Next Top Model), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1953 Roberta Williams, video game designer (Mystery House, Sierra Entertainment), born in La Verne, California
  • 1954 Iain [Menzies] Banks, UK, sci-fi author (Wasp Factory), (d. 2013)
  • 1954 Michael Holding, cricket fast bowler (Whispering Death-Awesome for WI)
  • 1954 Margaux Hemingway, actress (Lipstick, They Call Me Bruce), born in Portland, Oregon
  • 1955 Guy Gallo, writer (Under the Volcano), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1955 Jeff Clayton, US jazz saxophonist/composer (Groove Shop)
  • 1955 Hunt Block, American actor
  • 1957 LeVar Burton, Landstuhl Germany, (Roots, Star Trek Next Generation)
  • 1958 Herb Williams, NBA center (Toronto Raptors, NY Knicks)
  • 1958 Ice-T [Tracy Marrow], American rapper and actor (New Jack City, Tank Girl, Crazy Six), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1958 John Morse, American golfer (US Open 1996 4th), born in Marshall, Michigan
  • 1958 Lisa Loring, actress (As the World Turns, Wednesday-Addams Family)
  • 1958 Michael W. Burns, American politician, born in Baltimore, Maryland

Person of interestJohn McEnroe

1959 John McEnroe, American tennis player (US Open 1979-81, 84 / Wimbledon 1981, 83, 84), born in Wiesbaden, Germany

Tennis Player John McEnroe
Tennis Player
John McEnroe
  • 1959 Kelly Tripuka, Glenn Ridge NJ, NBA forward (Det Pistons, Utah Jazz)
  • 1960 Cherie Chung, Hong Kong actress (An Autumn's Tale), born in Hong Kong
  • 1960 Peter "Pete" Willis, British musician and songwriter (Def Leppard), born in Sheffield, England
  • 1961 Andy Taylor, England, rock guitarist (Duran Duran-Hungry Like the Wolf)
  • 1961 Brett Brown, American basketball head coach (Philadelphia 76ers 2013-19; Australian men's national team), born in South Portland, Maine
  • 1962 Alexa Kenin, American actress (Mousie-Coed Fever), born in NYC, New York
  • 1962 Tony Kiley, rocker (Blow Monkeys-Wicked Ways)
  • 1962 John Balance, English musician (Coil, Psychic TV), born in Mansfield, England (d. 2004)
  • 1963 Dano Halsall, Swiss swimmer
  • 1964 Mark Price, American NBA guard (Cleveland Caveliers) and coach, born in Bartlesville, Oklahoma
  • 1964 Bebeto [José Roberto Gama de Oliveira], Brazilian footballer, born in Salvador, Brazil
  • 1964 Christopher Eccleston, English actor (Ninth Doctor in Doctor Who), born in Salford, England
  • 1964 Ching-Wan [Sean] Lau, Hong Kong actor (Life Without Principle), born in Hong Kong
  • 1965 Dave Lombardo, Cuban drummer (Slayer)
  • 1965 Adama Barrow, Gambian politician, President of Gambia (2017-), born in Mankamang Kunda, Gambia
  • 1967 John Valentin, infielder (Boston Red Sox), born in Mineola, New York
  • 1967 Keith Gretzky, former hockey player; brother of Wayne Gretzky
  • 1968 Cecil Gray, NFL tackle (Arizona Cardinals), born in Harlem, New York