On This Day

Famous Birthdays on February 16

  • 1032 Zhao Shu, Chinese Emperor Yingzong of Song (1063-67), born in Kaifeng, China (d. 1067)
  • 1075 Ordericus Vitalis, French monk/historian/poet
  • 1222 Nichiren, Japan, Buddhist priest/saint
  • 1331 Coluccio Salutati, Italian political leader and humanist, Chancellor of the Republic of Florence (appointed 1375), born in Stignano (d. 1406)
  • 1497 Philipp Melanchthon, Germ, Protestant reformer (Augsburgse Confessie)
  • 1519 Gaspard de Coligny, Huguenot leader/French admiral
  • 1543 Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (d. 1590)
  • 1620 Frederick William, Great Elector, founder of Brandenburg-Prussia
  • 1633 King Narai 'the Great' of the Ayutthaya Kingdom (Siam) (1656-88), (d. 1688)
  • 1643 John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (1691-1714), born in Bradford, England (d. 1714)
  • 1684 Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský, Nymburk, Bohemia, Czech monk/composer
  • 1698 Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (heliometer)
  • 1709 Charles Avison, English composer, born in Newcastle upon Tyne (d. 1770) baptismal date
  • 1727 Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (d. 1817)
  • 1740 Giambattista Bodoni, Saluzzo Italy, printer/typeface designer (Bodoni)
  • 1746 Johann Heinse, German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic
  • 1761 Charles Pichegru, French army general and royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon, born in Arbois, Franche-Comté (now France) (d. 1804)
  • 1774 Pierre Rode, French composer and violinist, born in Bordeaux, Aquitaine (d. 1830)
  • 1786 Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1859)
  • 1787 Andreas Schelfhout, Dutch painter/etcher/lithographer
  • 1788 Juan van Halen, Dutch/Spanish officer/adventurer
  • 1790 Chretien Urhan, composer
  • 1802 Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, American philosopher (d. 1866)
  • 1804 Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (d. 1885)
  • 1807 Lysander Cutler, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Royalston, Massachusetts (d. 1866)
  • 1812 Henry Wilson, (R) 18th VP (1873-75)
  • 1813 Joseph Reid Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1892)
  • 1813 Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky, composer
  • 1821 Heinrich Barth, geographer/explorer (Central Africa), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1822 Francis Galton, British anthropologist and geneticist (eugenics), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1911)
  • 1822 James Patton Anderson, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1872)
  • 1823 John Daniel Imboden, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
  • 1824 Peter Kozler, Slovenian cartographer and geographer (d. 1879)
  • 1826 Franz von Holstein, composer
  • 1826 Joseph V von Scheffel, German writer (Gaudeamus)
  • 1831 Nikolai Leskow, writer
  • 1832 Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac, Mjr General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834 Ernst Haeckel, German biologist (Causes of Evolution) and philosopher (Social Darwinism), born in Potsdam, Prussia (d. 1919)
  • 1836 Benjamin Edward Woolf, Dutch composer
  • 1838 Arnoldus Pannevis, South African ship's doctor/linguist
  • 1838 Henry Adams, historian, writer (Education of Henry Adams), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1847 Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka, German composer (Album polonaise)
  • 1848 Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist (How species emerge)
  • 1850 Octave Mirbeau, French writer (Journal of a Lady's Maid)
  • 1852 Charles Taze Russell, religion founder (Jehovah's Witnesses)
  • 1852 William Scarborough, Macon Ga, linguist/author (Birds of Aristophanes)
  • 1852 Mary Ewing Outerbridge, American citizen credited with importing tennis to the US from Bermuda (1874), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1886)
  • 1854 Oscar Fetrás [Otto Faster], German composer (Mondnacht auf der Alster), born in Hamburg, German Confederation (d. 1931)
  • 1856 Willem Kes, Dutch violinist/composer/conductor (Parkorkest Amsterdam)
  • 1856 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (d. 1944)
  • 1858 Laurence "Lon" Myers, American track star (top US miler)
  • 1866 Johann Strauss III, Austrian composer and conductor (Dem Muthigen gehört die Welt), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1939)
  • 1866 William "Sliding Billy" Hamilton, NJ, hall of fame baseball player
  • 1868 Wilhelm Schmidt, German anthropologist/linguist (Anthropos)
  • 1874 Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German soprano (d. 1935)
  • 1876 G. M. Trevelyan [George Macaulay Trevelyan], British historian and academic, born in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England (d. 1962)
  • 1878 Selim Palmgren, Finnish pianist and composer (Daniel Hjort), born in Pori, Finland (d. 1951)
  • 1881 Maurits H E Uyldert, Dutch poet/writer (Youth of a Poet)
  • 1883 Elizabeth Craig, British writer (d. 1980)
  • 1884 Robert Flaherty, American filmmaker and the father of documentary film (Nanook of North), born in Iron Mountain, Michigan (d. 1951)
  • 1886 Andrew Ducat, cricketer (Test for Eng 1921 (3 & 2) Soccer intl)
  • 1886 Van Wyck Brooks, NJ, literary historian/writer (Ordeal of Mark Twain)
  • 1887 Kathleen Clifford, American actress (When the Clouds Roll by), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1962)
  • 1890 Semyon Semyonovich Bogatiryov, composer
  • 1891 Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist (d. 1967)
  • 1896 Alexander Brailowsky, Russian pianist (Chopin)
  • 1898 Katharine Cornell, German actress (Barretts of Wimpole St), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1974)
  • 1900 Albert Maurice Hackett, playwright/screenwriter
  • 1900 Vincent Coleman, American actor (For the Freedom of Ireland, Salome), born in Louisiana (d. 1971)
  • 1901 Chester Morris, American actor (Diagnosis: Unknown), born in NYC, New York (d. 1970)
  • 1901 Wayne King, American saxophonist and bandleader, known as the Waltz King ("The Waltz You Saved for Me"), born in Savannah Illinois (d. 1985)
  • 1903 Edgar Bergen, ventriloquist (Charlie McCarthy), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1903 George-Henri Lévesque, Quebec priest and sociologist (d. 2000)
  • 1904 Ellis Achong, West Indian cricket spin bowler (6 Tests, 8 wickets; Trinidad; 1st of Chinese descent to play a Test match), born in Belmont, Trinidad and Tobago (d. 1986)
  • 1904 George F Kennan, US ambassador (to Moscow), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1904 James Baskett, American actor (Song of the South) 1st African American male to receive an Oscar, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1948)
  • 1905 Lord Franks, British ambassador (to US)
  • 1906 Vera Menchik, Russian born British chess master, 1st official women's world chess champion (1927-39), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1907 Fernando Previtali, Italian composer and conductor (Rome Radio Symphony), born in Adria, Veneto (d. 1985)
  • 1909 Hugh Beaumont, American actor (The Mole People, Leave it to Beaver), born in Lawrence, Kansas (d. 1982)
  • 1909 Jeffrey Lynn [Ragnar Godfrey Lind], American actor (Four Daughters, Roaring Twenties), born in Auburn, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (d. 1998)
  • 1910 Michael Milne-Watson, CEO (BUPA)
  • 1910 Miguel Bernal Jiménez, Mexican organist, composer and pedagogue (Tata Vasco; Tres Cartas de México), born in Morelia, Mexico (d. 1956)
  • 1911 Hal Porter, Australia, writer (Tilted Cross, Paper Chase)
  • 1912 Arthur Crook, British editor (Times Literary Supplement)
  • 1912 Bob Tadema Sporry, Dutch (female) author
  • 1912 Del Sharbutt, Cleburne Tx, TV announcer (Your Hit Parade)
  • 1912 Machito [Francisco "Frank" Grillo], Latin jazz musician and creator of Cu-bop and salsa music (Afro-Cubans), born in Havana, Cuba - NB: birth date and location disputed (d. 1984)
  • 1912 Gwydion Brooke [Holbrooke], British bassoonist (Royal Philharmonic, 1946-1961), born in Kentford, Suffolk, England (d. 2005)
  • 1914 J Tobin, British anaesthetist
  • 1914 Jimmy Wakely, American country vocalist (5 Star Jubilee), born in Mineola, Arkansas
  • 1915 Michael Relph, British film producer and director (d. 2004)
  • 1916 Bill Doggett, American jazz and blues Hammond B-3 organist (Honky Tonk), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Charlie Fowlkes, American baritone saxophonist (Count Basie Orchestra, 1953-80), born in New York City (d. 1980)
  • 1918 Patty Andrews, American vocalist (Andrews Sisters), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Hubert van Herreweghen, Flemish writer/journalist
  • 1920 Lee Russell, American vocalist (Vincent Lopez), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1920 Anna Mae Hays [McCabe], American military officer and US military's 1st female General, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1921 Jean Behra, auto racer

Vera-Ellen

1921 Vera-Ellen [Westmeier Rohe], American actress and dancer (White Christmas; Big Leaguer; On the Town), born in Norwood, Ohio (d. 1981)

  • 1921 Araucaria, British crossword compiler
  • 1921 Esther Bubley, Phillips, Wisconsin, American photographer

Hua Guofeng

1921 Hua Guofeng, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1976-81) and Premier of the People's Republic of China (1976-80), born in Jiaocheng County, Shanxi (d. 2008)

  • 1922 Geraint Evans, Welsh bass-baritone opera singer (Knaben Wunderhorn), born in Cilfynydd, Wales (d. 1992)
  • 1922 Paul van 't Veer, Dutch journalist/writer (Het Vrije Volk)
  • 1924 James Swaffield, director-general (Swaffield & Clerk to the GLC)
  • 1924 Peter Webster, British High Court Judge
  • 1925 David Emms, director (London Goodenough Trust for Overseas Graduates)
  • 1925 PER Bailey, director (Gatwick & Stansted Airports)
  • 1925 Carlos Paredes, Portuguese guitar master, born in Coimbra, Portugal (d. 2004)
  • 1926 John Schlesinger, director (Midnight Cowboy, Darling), born in London, England
  • 1926 Jack Levy, mechanical engineer
  • 1926 David Austin, English rose breeder (Austin roses), born in Albrighton, England (d. 2018)
  • 1927 June Brown, British actress (EastEnders, Sitting Target), born in Needham Market, Suffolk
  • 1929 Peter NF Porter, Australian/British author/poet (Chair of Babel)
  • 1929 Gerhard Hanappi, Austrian footballer (d. 1980)
  • 1930 Frederick "Fred" Cuming, British painter, born in London
  • 1930 Peggy King, American jazz and pop vocalist, former TV personality and actress (George Gobel Show), born in Greensburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1931 Alfred Kolleritsch, Austrian writer, born in Eichfeld
  • 1931 Gamini Goonesena, cricket leg-spinner (all-rounder for Ceylon, Notts)
  • 1931 George E Sangmeister, (Rep-D-Illinois)
  • 1931 Ken Takakura [Goichi Oda], Japanese actor and singer (Black Rain, Story of Antarctic), born in Nakama, Fukuoka (d. 2014)
  • 1931 Bobby Collins, Scottish soccer midfielder (31 caps; Celtic, Everton, Leeds), born in Govanhill, Scotland (d. 2014)
  • 1932 Aharon Appelfeld, Israeli writer, born in Jadova Commune, Kingdom of Romania
  • 1932 Gretchen Wyler, American actress, dancer and animal rights activist (Silk Stockings), born in Bartlesville, Oklahoma (d. 2007)
  • 1932 Nand Baert, Belgian radio/TV-host
  • 1932 Otis Blackwell, American songwriter ("Fever"; "Don't Be Cruel"; "Great Balls Of Fire"; All Shook Up"), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1932 Harry Goz, American musical theatre actor and voice actor, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2003)
  • 1932 Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, President of Sierra Leone
  • 1933 Elbert Dubenion, American football wide receiver and running back (AFL All Star 1964; Buffalo Bills), born in Griffin, Georgia (d. 2019)
  • 1934 Ted Taylor, American gospel and R&B-singer ("Be Ever Wonderful"), born in Okmulgee, Oklahoma, (d. 1987)
  • 1934 Marlene Bauer Hagge, American golfer, co-founder LPGA (Woman's PGA C'ship 1956), born in Eureka, South Dakota
  • 1934 Harold "Hal" Kalin, American singer (Kalin Twins), born in Port Jervis, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1935 Brian Bedford, English actor (Anthony-Coronet Blue), born in Morley, West Yorkshire (d. 2016)
  • 1935 Robin Clark, chemist (FRS)
  • 1935 Salvatore "Sonny" Bono, American musician, vocalist, (Sonny & Cher), actor, and politician (US Congress (R)-CA, 1995-98), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1998)
  • 1935 Kenneth Price, ceramic artist and print maker (Hot Bottoms, Tamed), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)
  • 1936 Jill Kinmont, American skier

Carl Icahn

1936 Carl Icahn, American businessman (Icahn Enterprises), born in NYC, New York

  • 1936 William "Buddy" Deppenschmidt, American jazz drummer (Charlie Byrd Trio - "Jazz Samba") born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1936 Murray Weideman, Australian rules football CHF (Collingwood VFL premiers 1953, 58 [c]; B&F 1957, 61, 62; Victoria 1956-60) and coach (Collingwood 1975-76), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2021)
  • 1937 Paul Bailey, English novelist and biographer, born in London
  • 1937 Valentin Vasilyevich Bondarenko, cosmonaut
  • 1938 Barry Primus, American actor (Sgt McKenna-Cagney & Lacey, Boxcar Bertha), born in NYC, New York
  • 1938 John Corigliano, American composer (Fern Hill, Ghosts of Versailles), born in NYC, New York
  • 1939 David Griffiths, portrait painter
  • 1940 Karoli Ruth Needles, painter
  • 1941 Vitali Kuznetsov, USSR, judo (Olympic silver 1972)
  • 1942 Gabriel Brnčić, Chilean composer, and pedagogue, born in Santiago, Chile

Kim Jong-il

1942 Kim Jong-il, Supreme Leader of North Korea (1994-2011), born in Vyatskoye, Soviet Union [disputed birthplace and birth date, 1941] (d. 2011)

  • 1942 Bob Hammond AM, Australian rules key defender (AFL Hall of Fame; North Adelaide; SA) and coach (Sydney Swans 1984), born in Perth, Australia (d. 2020)
  • 1943 Anthony Dowell, ballet dancer (Royal Ballet), born in London, England
  • 1943 James Beaton, British GC
  • 1944 Richard Ford, American author (Sportswriter)
  • 1944 António Mascarenhas Monteiro, 2nd President of Cape Verde
  • 1945 Pete Christlieb, American jazz bebop saxophonist (Deacon Blues, Unforgettable), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1946 Aleksandr Shaparenko, USSR, 1K kayaker (Olympic gold 1972)
  • 1946 Ian Lavender, British actor (Stupid Boy in Dad's Army)
  • 1946 J R Farndon, British consultant surgeon
  • 1947 Franz West, artist (Flause), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2012)
  • 1948 Eckhart Tolle, Author and spiritual teacher
  • 1948 Séamus Brennan, Irish Fianna Fáil politician and Minister, born in Salthill, Galway, Ireland (d. 2008)
  • 1949 Dorus Vrede, Surinam poet (Otobanda; the Other Bank)
  • 1950 Kazuki Tomokawa, Japanese acid-folk singer
  • 1950 Roman Tam, Hong Kong famous singer (d. 2002)
  • 1951 William Katt, American actor (Greatest American Hero, Carrie), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1951 Larry Finch, American college basketball coach (University of Memphis 1986-97), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 2011)
  • 1951 Super Chikan [James Johnson], American blues guitarist (Chikadelic), born in Darling, Mississippi
  • 1952 James Ingram, American R&B singer-songwriter and musician ("Somewhere Out There"; "Just Once"), born in Akron, Ohio (d. 2019)
  • 1952 Barry Foote, Major League Baseball player
  • 1953 Andre St Lauren, NHLer
  • 1953 George Martin, NFL defensive back (NY Giants), born in Greenville, South Carolina
  • 1953 Janice Dickinson, American model (Vogue) and TV personality (America's Next Top Model), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1953 Roberta Williams, video game designer (Mystery House, Sierra Entertainment), born in La Verne, California
  • 1953 John "Brad" Bradbury, British ska drummer and record producer (The Specials), born in Coventry, England (d. 2015)
  • 1954 Iain [Menzies] Banks, UK, sci-fi author (Wasp Factory), (d. 2013)
  • 1954 Michael Holding, West Indian cricket fast bowler (60 Tests, 249 wickets, BB 8/92; Jamaica, Derbyshire CCC, Lancashire CCC) and broadcaster (Sky Sports), born in Kingston, Jamaica
  • 1954 Margaux Hemingway, actress (Lipstick, They Call Me Bruce), born in Portland, Oregon
  • 1955 Guy Gallo, writer (Under the Volcano), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1955 Jeff Clayton, American session and touring jazz saxophonist and composer (Groove Shop), born in Venice, California (d. 2020) [1]
  • 1955 Hunt Block, American actor
  • 1957 LeVar Burton, American actor, (Roots - "Kunta Kinte"; Star Trek: The Next Generation - "Lt. Cmdr. Geordi La Forge") born in Landstuhl, Germany
  • 1958 Herb Williams, NBA center (Toronto Raptors, NY Knicks)
  • 1958 Ice-T [Tracy Marrow], American rapper and actor (New Jack City, Tank Girl, Crazy Six), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1958 John Morse, American golfer (US Open 1996 4th), born in Marshall, Michigan
  • 1958 Lisa Loring, actress (As the World Turns, Wednesday-Addams Family)
  • 1958 Michael W. Burns, American politician, born in Baltimore, Maryland

John McEnroe

1959 John McEnroe, American tennis player (US Open 1979-81, 84 / Wimbledon 1981, 83, 84), born in Wiesbaden, Germany

  • 1959 Kelly Tripuka, Glenn Ridge NJ, NBA forward (Det Pistons, Utah Jazz)
  • 1960 Cherie Chung, Hong Kong actress (An Autumn's Tale), born in Hong Kong
  • 1960 Peter "Pete" Willis, British musician and songwriter (Def Leppard), born in Sheffield, England
  • 1960 Chris Schultz, Canadian football offensive tackle (NFL Dallas Cowboys; CFL All Star 1987, 88; Toronto Argonauts) and sportscaster (The Sports Network), born in Burlington, Ontario (d. 2021)
  • 1961 Andy Taylor, British rock guitarist (Duran Duran - "Hungry Like the Wolf"; The Power Station), born in Tynemouth, England
  • 1961 Brett Brown, American basketball head coach (Philadelphia 76ers 2013-19; Australian men's national team), born in South Portland, Maine
  • 1962 Alexa Kenin, American actress (Mousie-Coed Fever), born in NYC, New York
  • 1962 Tony Kiley, British rock drummer (Blow Monkeys - "Wicked Ways")
  • 1962 John Balance, English musician (Coil, Psychic TV), born in Mansfield, England (d. 2004)
  • 1962 John Balance [Geoffrey Rushton], British poet and industrial rock musician (Coil), born in Mansfield, England (d. 2004)
  • 1963 Dano Halsall, Swiss swimmer