On This Day

Famous Birthdays on February 27

Person of interestConstantine the Great

272 Constantine the Great, Roman emperor (306-337) who adopted Christianity, born in Naissus (d. 337)

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 1539 Franciscus Raphelengius, Dutch book publisher
  • 1622 Rembrandt Carel Fabritius, Dutch painter
  • 1649 Johann Philipp Krieger, composer
  • 1691 Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (d. 1754)
  • 1702 Johann Valentin Gorner, composer
  • 1711 Constantine Mavrocordatos, Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia (d. 1769)
  • 1745 Silverius Muller, composer
  • 1746 Gian Francesco Fortunati, composer
  • 1759 Johann Carl Friedrich Rellstab, composer
  • 1779 Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (d. 1842)
  • 1784 Elias Annes Borger, Dutch theologist/poet (To the Rhine)
  • 1784 Job Plimpton, composer
  • 1792 Don Joaquin B F Espartero, Spanish adventurer/fieldmarshal
  • 1802 Lord George Bentinck [William George Frederick Cavendish Bentinck], English Conservative politician, born in Welbeck Abbey, Nottinghamshire (d. 1848)
  • 1807 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet (Song of Hiawatha), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1882)

  • 1822 Eugene Gautier, composer
  • 1823 Ferdinand Van Derveer, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Middletown, Ohio (d. 1892)
  • 1823 William Buel Franklin, American Major General (Union Army), born in York, Pennsylvania (d. 1903)
  • 1827 Richard W Johnson, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Livingston County, Kentucky (d. 1897)
  • 1831 Hiram Bond Everest, American co-founder of The Vacuum Oil Company (d. 1913)
  • 1832 Alfred Pollard Edward, Civil War journalist, (d. 1872)
  • 1835 Charles Cartuyvels, Belgian pulprit orator
  • 1835 Richard Garnett, English author (Ananda the Miracle Worker)
  • 1841 [Eleanor] Agnes Lee, daughter of US general Robert E. Lee
  • 1846 Joaquin Valverde Durán Spanish composer, born in Badajoz (d. 1910)
  • 1847 Ellen Alice Terry, British Shakespearean actress and director (Imperial Theatre), born in Coventry, Warwickshire, England (d. 1928)
  • 1848 Hubert Parry, English musicologist and composer (Jerusalem), born in Bournemouth, England (d. 1918)
  • 1850 Henry Edwards Huntington, American railroad exec
  • 1861 Rudolph Steiner, Kraljevic Aust, founder (doctrine of anthroposophy)
  • 1862 Anastasios Metaxas, Greek architect and shooter (d. 1937)
  • 1867 Irving Fisher, US economist (compensating dollar)
  • 1867 Wilhelm Peterson-Berger, Swedish composer and music critic, born in Ullånger, Sweden (d. 1942)
  • 1869 Alice Hamilton, physician/writer (workmen's compensation laws)
  • 1870 Louis Coerne, composer
  • 1877 Walter O Briggs, American entrepreneur and sports team owner (Detroit Tigers 1935-52), born in Ypsilanti, Michigan (d. 1952)

  • 1878 Alvan T. Fuller, 50th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1879 Jose Sancho Marraco, composer
  • 1880 Angelina Weld Grimke, American journalist, teacher and playwright (Harlem Renaissance), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1881 Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers, Dutch mathematician
  • 1881 Sveinn Bjornsson, 1st president of Iceland (1944-52)/poet (Figur ild)
  • 1886 Hugo L Black, Ala, (Sen-D-Ala)/78th Supreme Court justice (1937-71)
  • 1887 James D Innes, English painter
  • 1888 Lotte Lehmann, German soprano (Der Rosenkavalier, Fidelio), born in Perleberg Germany (d. 1976)
  • 1888 Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist (d. 1974)
  • 1888 Earl Caddock, American professional wrestler (d. 1950)
  • 1890 Freddie Keppard, American jazz musician (d. 1933)
  • 1891 David Sarnoff, American radio and television pioneer (RCA, NBC), born in Uzlyany, Belarus, Russian Empire (d. 1971)
  • 1891 Georges E Migot, French composer
  • 1891 Anne Samson, oldest-ever nun documented (d. 2004)
  • 1892 William Demarest, American actor (My 3 Sons), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 1983)
  • 1893 Joseph Messner, Austrian organist and composer, born in Schwaz, Tyrol (d. 1969)
  • 1893 Ralph Linton, US cultural anthropologist (Tree of Culture)
  • 1894 Robert-Lucien Siohan, composer
  • 1895 Edward Brophy, American character actor (Champ, Dumbo, Great Guy, Cameraman, Doughboys), born in NYC, New York (d. 1960)
  • 1897 Bernard F Lyot, French astronomer (Lyot filter)
  • 1897 G Paul H Schuitema, graphic designer/photographer (System-O-Color)

Person of interestMarian Anderson

1897 Marian Anderson, American contralto and celebrated singer (My Lord, What a Morning), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1993)

  • 1898 Allison Danzig, sports writer (Tennis Pictorial History)
  • 1898 Rutkowski Bronislaw, composer
  • 1899 Charles Herbert Best, Washington County, Maine, American-Canadian physiologist/co-discoverer (Insulin)
  • 1899 Ian Keith, American actor (Abraham Lincoln, Queen Christina, Cleopatra, 3 Musketeers), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1960)
  • 1901 Marino Marini, Italian sculptor/painter
  • 1901 Horatio Luro, American horse trainer (Decidedly, Northern Dancer), born in Argentina (d. 1991)
  • 1902 Ethelda Bleibtrey, American swimmer (Olympic gold 100m, 300m, 4x100m freestyle relay 1920; first US female champion), born in Waterford, New York (d. 1978)
  • 1902 Gene Sarazen, American golfer (7 major titles including major slam), born in Harrison, New York (d. 1999)

Person of interestJohn Steinbeck

1902 John Steinbeck, American author (Grapes of Wrath-Nobel 1962), born in Salinas, California (d. 1968)

  • 1903 Reginald Gardiner, British actor (The Flying Deuces, The Great Dictator), born in London, England (d. 1980)
  • 1903 Grethe Weiser, German actress (The Great Love), born in Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany (d. 1970)
  • 1904 James Thomas Farrell, American author (Studs Lonigan trilogy)
  • 1904 Renaat Verheijen, Flemish actor and director (Innocent Heart), born in Belgium (d. 1930)
  • 1904 Yulii Borisovich Khariton, Russian physicist (d. 1996)
  • 1904 André Leducq, French cyclist (Tour de France 1930, 32; Olympic gold road race 1924), born in Saint-Ouen, France (d. 1980)
  • 1904 Chick Fullis, American baseball player (d. 1946)
  • 1905 Charles de Keukeleire, Belgian director (Evil Eye)
  • 1905 Franchot Tone, American actor (Mutiny on the Bounty, Advise & Consent), born in Niagara Falls, New York (d. 1968)
  • 1906 Mal Matheson, New Zealand cricket fast bowler (2 Tests) and rugby union Test referee (Australia v NZ 1946), born in Omaha, New Zealand (d. 1985)
  • 1906 H Algernon F "Algy" Rumbold, English diplomat (South Africa/Tibet)
  • 1907 Mildred Bailey [Rinker], American jazz singer known as "The Queen of Swing" (Rockin' Chair, Please Be Kind), born in Teoka, Washington (d. 1951)
  • 1909 Elisabeth Welch, American born British-based singer (Stormy Weather, Over the Moon), born in Englewood, New Jersey (d. 2003)
  • 1910 Joan Bennett, American actress (Little Women, Disraeli), born in Palisades, New Jersey (d. 1990)
  • 1910 Peter De Vries, author (Reuben, Reuben, Prick of Noon), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1910 Ted Horn, American race car driver (d. 1948)
  • 1910 Clarence "Kelly" Johnson, American aircraft engineer (Lockheed Skunk Works; d. 1990)
  • 1912 Lawrence Durrell, Indian-British writer (Private Country, Alexandria Quartet), born in Jalandhar, Punjab, British India (d. 1990)
  • 1912 Kusumagraj, Indian writer (d. 1999)
  • 1913 Irwin Shaw, American novelist (Rich Man Poor Man)
  • 1913 Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (d. 1989)
  • 1915 Arthur Gilson, Belgian attorney/minister of Defense (1958-..)
  • 1917 John Connally Jr, American politician, 39th Governor of Texas, and federal treasurer who was critically wounded during the assassination of Kennedy, born in Floresville, Texas (d. 1993)
  • 1919 Roman Haubenstock-Ramati, composer

  • 1920 Jose Melis, orchestra leader (Jack Paar Program), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1920 Reg Simpson, English cricket batsman (27 Tests; best 156no v Australia 1951), born in Sherwood, Nottinghamshire (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Robert L. "Bob" Talley, American jazz and blues pianist and composer (Blues Alley All Star Band), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Andras Szollosy, composer
  • 1921 Michael Fox, American actor (Perry Mason, Quincy, Dallas, Bold & the Beautiful), born in Yonkers, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1922 Mervyn Jones, author (Nobody's Fault, 5 Hungarian Writers)
  • 1922 Hans Rookmaaker, Dutch professor and art historian (d. 1977)
  • 1922 Jackie Kelso [John Joseph Kelson Jr], American jazz saxophonist and session musician, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Dexter Gordon, American jazz tenor saxophonist and actor (Round Midnight, The Other Side of Round Midnight), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1990)
  • 1923 Viktor Kalabis, Czech composer (Two Worlds), born in Červený Kostelec (d. 2006)
  • 1924 Magnus MacDonald Shearer, former Lord Lieutenant of Shetland
  • 1924 Norman Marshall, cricketer (brother of Roy, one Test for WI 1955)
  • 1925 Hugh Leggatt, art dealer
  • 1925 Michael Kaye, director (City of London Festival)
  • 1925 Richard AFM Auwerda, Dutch journalist/writer
  • 1925 Samuel Dash, American Congressional counsel (d. 2004)
  • 1926 David H. Hubel, Canadian neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate, (d. 2013)
  • 1927 Lord Belhaven & Stenton
  • 1927 Michael Butler, Pro-Provost/chairman (Royal College of Art)
  • 1927 Doralyn "Lynn" Cartwright, American character actress (A League of Their Own), born in McAlester, Oklahoma (d. 2004)
  • 1928 Josh Greenfeld, American author and screenwriter (A Child Called Noah), born in Malden, Massachusetts (d. 2018)
  • 1929 Djalma Santos, Brazilian footballer, (d. 2013)
  • 1929 Jack Gibson, Australian rugby league footballer and coach (d. 2008)

Person of interestJoanne Woodward

1930 Joanne Woodward, American actress, producer, activist, and philanthropist (3 Faces of Eve, Rachel), born in Thomasville, Georgia

  • 1930 Paul von Ragué Schleyer, American chemist
  • 1930 Peter Stone, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 1931 Andrew Sloan, Chief Constable (Strathcourt)
  • 1932 Dolf Zwerver, Dutch painter

Person of interestElizabeth Taylor

1932 Elizabeth Taylor, English-American actress, businesswoman, and humanitarian (Father of the Bride, Butterfield 8, Cleopatra), born in London, England (d. 2011)

  • 1932 Lord Young of Graffham, CEO (Cables & Wireless)

  • 1933 Edward Lucie-Smith, British poet and poetry critic, born in Kingston, Jamaica
  • 1933 Geoffrey Maitland Smith, CEO (Sears)
  • 1933 Malcolm Wallop, American politician (Sen-R-WY, 1977–1995), born in New York City (d. 2011)
  • 1933 Raymond Berry, American NFL hall of famer (Baltimore Colts), born in Corpus Christi, Texas

Person of interestRalph Nader

1934 Ralph Nader, American consumer advocate (Unsafe at Any Speed), born in Winsted, Connecticut

Political Activist Ralph Nader
Political Activist
Ralph Nader
  • 1934 Van Williams, American actor (Green Hornet, Tycoon), born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 2016)
  • 1934 N. Scott Momaday, American author (House Made of Dawn, Pulitzer 1969), born in Lawton, Oklahoma
  • 1934 Vincent Fourcade, French interior designer, born in Paris, France (d. 1992)
  • 1935 Alberto Remedios, British opera & concert singer, born in Liverpool, England (d. 2016)
  • 1935 Mirella Freni, Italian lyric soprano (Madame Butterfly), born in Modena, Italy (d. 2020)
  • 1936 Chuck Glaser, American country singer (Tompall & the Glaser Brothers), born in Spalding, Nebraska (d. 2019)
  • 1936 Roger M. Mahoney, American cardinal (Archbishop of Los Angeles, 1985–2011), born in Hollywood, California
  • 1936 Virginia Maskell, English actress (Suspect, Doctor in Love, Man Upstairs), born in Shepherd's Bush, London (d. 1968)
  • 1936 Ron Barassi, Australian rules footballer, born in Castlemaine, Australia
  • 1937 Barbara Babcock, American actress (Dr Quinn, Dallas, Hill St Blues), born in Fort Riley, Kansas
  • 1937 Donald MacKay, CEO (Scottish Enterprise), born in Griffith, Australia (d. 1977)
  • 1937 L. Jay Silvester, American discus thrower (Olympic silver 1972), born in Tremonton, Utah
  • 1938 Pascale Petit, French actress (Code Name: Jaguar, End of Desire), born in Paris, France
  • 1939 Antoinette Sibley, British ballerina (Turning Point), born in Bromley, United Kingdom
  • 1939 Kenzō Takada, Japanese fashion designer (Kenzo), born in Himejo, Japan (d. 2020)
  • 1939 Lester King, West Indian cricketer (WI fast bowler, 2 Tests 1962-68, 9 wkts), born in St Catherine, Jamaica
  • 1939 Peter Revson, American race car driver (1971 Indianapolis pole winner), born in New York City
  • 1940 Dame Barbara Kelly, Scottish civic activist & former CEO (Crichton Foundation, Scottish Consumer Council), born in Dumfries and Galloway, United Kingdom
  • 1940 Howard Hesseman, American actor (Dr Johnny Fever-WKRP, Head of Class), born in Salem, Oregon
  • 1940 Bill Hunter, Australian actor, born in Ballarat, Australia (d. 2011)
  • 1941 Ian McGarry, British trade union leader (British Actors' Equity Association)
  • 1941 Paddy Ashdown, British MP, leader of Liberal Democrats (1988-1999), born in New Delhi, British Raj (d. 2018)
  • 1941 Andrew "Sandy" Wilson, Royal Air Force officer (1962–1995)
  • 1942 Charlayne Hunter-Gault, American journalist & foreign correspondent (McNeil-Lehrer), born in Due West, South Carolina
  • 1942 Robert H. Grubbs, American chemist & Nobel Prize laureate, born in Marshall County, Kentucky

  • 1942 Michel Forget, French Canadian actor, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1943 Mary Frann, American actress (Joanna-Newhart, Days of Our Live), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • 1943 Morten Lauridsen, American composer, born in Colfax, Washington
  • 1943 Klaus Köste, German gymnast (Olympic gold 1972- vault), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1944 Alan Fudge, American actor (Man From Atlantis, Paper Dolls), born in Wichita, Kansas
  • 1944 Graeme Pollock, South African cricketer (South African batting prodigy), born in Durban, South Africa
  • 1944 Roger Scruton, British philosopher, born in Buslingthorpe, United Kingdom
  • 1945 Daniel Olbrychski, Polish actor (La Truite), born in Łowicz, Poland
  • 1946 Mary-Claire King, American human geneticist (breast cancer genes), born in Evanston, Illinois
  • 1947 Ashley Woodcock, Australian cricketer (one Test Aust v NZ 1974, only knock 27), born in Adelaide, Australia
  • 1947 Gidon Kremer, Latvian violinist (Tchaikovsky Prize 1970), born in Riga, Latvia
  • 1947 Louis Clark, British musical arranger & keyboard player (Electric Light Orchestra), born in Kempston, England
  • 1948 Eddie Gray, American rock guitarist (Tommy James & Shondells-Crystal Blue), born in Niles, Michigan
  • 1950 Franco Moschino, Italian fashion designer, born in Abbiategrasso, Italy
  • 1950 Julia Neuberger, British rabbi, born in Hampstead, United Kingdom
  • 1951 Lee Atwater, Republican National Committee Chairman (1989-91), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • 1951 Steve Harley, English rocker (Come Up & See Me), born in Kent, England
  • 1951 Stathis Psaltis, Greek actor, born in Velo, Greece (d. 2017)
  • 1952 Henk Westbroek, Dutch singer (Good Cause), born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1952 Kevin Raleigh, American singer & keyboardist (Michael Stanley Band), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1954 Neal Schon, American rock guitarist (Journey-Open Arms, Bad English), born in Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma
  • 1955 Garry Christian, English singer, born in Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • 1955 Peter Christopherson, English musician & video director, born in Leeds, United Kingdom (d. 2010)
  • 1957 Timothy Spall, English actor (Auf Wiedersehen, Pet, Life is Sweet), born in London, England
  • 1957 Adrian Smith, English heavy metal guitarist (Iron Maiden-Aces High), born in London Borough of Hackney, London
  • 1957 Viktor Markin, Russian athlete, born in Ust-Tarksky District, Russia
  • 1957 Danny Antonucci, Canadian animator, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1958 Naas Botha, South African rugby union footballer, born in Mpumalanga, South Africa
  • 1958 Nancy Spungen, American murder victim of Sid Vicious, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1978)
  • 1959 Johnny Van Zant, American rock vocalist (Lynyrd Skynyrd), born in Jacksonville, Florida

  • 1960 Andres Gomez, Ecuadorian tennis player (Madrid Grand Prix-1990), born in Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 1960 Paul Humphreys, English singer & musician (OMD-Crush, Pacific Age), born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1960 Stoney Jackson, American actor (White Shadow, Insiders), born in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1961 Grant Shaud, American actor (Miles Silverburg in Murphy Brown), born in Evanston, Illinois

Person of interestJames Worthy

1961 James Worthy, American NBA forward (LA Lakers, 1988 Playoff MVP), born in Gastonia, North Carolina

NBA Small Forward James Worthy
NBA Small Forward
James Worthy
  • 1962 Adam Baldwin, American actor (Full Metal Jacket, My Bodyguard), born in Winnetka, Illinois
  • 1962 Grant Show, American actor (Jack Hanson-Melrose Place), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1962 Kory Tarpenning, American pole vaulter, born in Portland, Oregon
  • 1963 Francesco Cancellotti, Italian tennis star, born in Perugia, Italy
  • 1963 Pär Nuder, Swedish politician, born in Täby, Sweden
  • 1964 April Heinrichs, US women's soccer coach (Olympic-96), born in Littleton, Colorado
  • 1964 Ewen Vernal, British pop bassist (Deacon Blue), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1965 Noah Emmerich, American actor (The Americans), born in New York City
  • 1965 Frank Peter Zimmermann, German violinist, born in Duisburg, West Germany
  • 1965 Maggie Siu [Mei-Kei Siu], Hong Kong actress, born in Hong Kong
  • 1966 Chris Howard, American baseball catcher (Seattle Mariners), born in Kenner, Louisiana
  • 1966 Gregg Rainwater, American actor (Buck Cross-Young Riders), born in Flint, Michigan
  • 1966 Pete Smith, American baseball player (Atlanta Braves, NY Mets), born in Abington, Massachusetts
  • 1966 Donal Logue, Canadian actor, born in Ottawa, Canada