On This Day

Famous Birthdays on March 12

  • 1270 Prince Charles, Count of Valois (1284-1325), son of King Philip III of France, founder of the House of Valois, born in France (d. 1325)
  • 1336 Edward, Duke of Guelders (1361-71) and Count of Zutphen (d. 1371)
  • 1479 Giuliano de' Medici, Italian ruler of Florence (1513-16), born in Florence (d. 1516)
  • 1515 Caspar Othmayr, German composer and Lutheran pastor, born in Amberg (d. 1553)
  • 1607 Paul Gerhardt, German Luthern hymnist, born in Gräfenhainichen, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1676)
  • 1613 André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (d. 1700)
  • 1620 Johann Heinrich Hottinger, Swiss philologist and theologian (d. 1667)
  • 1626 John Aubrey, English antiquary and writer (d. 1697)
  • 1637 Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (d. 1671)
  • 1647 Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (d. 1727)
  • 1672 Richard Steele, Irish writer and politician (d. 1729)
  • 1685 George Berkeley, Irish philosopher/bishop of Cloyne
  • 1710 Thomas Arne, British composer (Rule Britannia, A-Hunting We Will Go), born in London (d. 1778)
  • 1718 Joseph Damer, English politician (d. 1798)
  • 1755 Georges Couthon, French politician
  • 1758 Leopold earl of Limburg Stirum, Dutch general and politician [or March 22]
  • 1768 Carolus Antonius Fodor [Carel Anton Fodor], Dutch pianist, conductor and prominent composer, born in Venlo, Netherlands (d. 1846)
  • 1776 Hester Stanhope, English aristocrat, traveller and archaeologist, born in Chevening, England (d. 1839)
  • 1781 Frederica of Baden, Queen of Sweden (d. 1826)
  • 1788 Pierre J David [David d'Angers], French sculptor
  • 1793 Augustin-Philippe Peellaert, Belgian military officer, painter, composer, and librettist, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1876)
  • 1795 William Lyon Mackenzie, Canadian-American newspaper publisher, politician, and failed rebel leader, born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1861)
  • 1800 Louis-Prosper Gachard, Belgian historian
  • 1806 Jane Appleton Pierce, American 1st lady (1853-57) and wife of Franklin Pierce, born in Hampton, New Hampshire (d. 1863)
  • 1808 Gerrit van der Linde Jz, "Schoolmaster", Dutch poet
  • 1816 David Stuart, American politician, Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1868)
  • 1818 John Lorimar Worden, Capt (Union Navy), (d. 1897)
  • 1821 Luitpold von Bayern, Prince-regent of Bayern
  • 1823 William Flank Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1824 Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (spectroscopy, coined "black body" radiation), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1887)
  • 1826 Robert Lowry, composer
  • 1827 John Robert Jones, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1827 William Richard Terry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • 1830 William Felix Brantley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1870)
  • 1831 Clement Studebaker, automobile pioneer (Studebaker)
  • 1832 Charles Boycott, Irish estate manager/caused boycotts
  • 1835 Simon Newcomb, American scientist/mathematician/astronomer
  • 1837 Alexandre Guilmant, French organist (La Trinitié, 1871-901), composer and pedagogue (Schola Cantorum, 1894-1911), born in Meudon, France (d. 1911)
  • 1838 William Perkin, inventor (1st artificial dye)
  • 1855 John White, American composer (d. 1902)
  • 1859 Josef Cyril Sychra, Czech composer and choirmaster, born in Ústí nad Orlicí (d. 1935)
  • 1859 Abraham H. Cannon, Mormon apostle (d. 1896)
  • 1860 Salvatore Di Giacomo, Italian poet and songwriter during "Golden Age of Neapolitan Song", born in Naples (d. 1934)
  • 1862 Jane Delano, American nurse and educator (Red Cross Nursing Service during WWI), born in Montour Falls, New York (d. 1919)
  • 1863 Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
  • 1863 Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian poet, writer (Il fuoco, Intruder), playwright and military hero as part of the elite Arditi storm troops, born in Pescara, Italy (d. 1938)
  • 1863 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • 1864 W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • 1874 Edmund Eysler, Austrian composer, mostly of operettas (Bruder Straubinger; The Golden Mistress), born in Hernals, Austria (d. 1949)
  • 1875 Julio Garreta, composer
  • 1877 Wilhelm Frick, German protector of Bohemia/Moravia
  • 1878 Gemma Galgani, Italian saint
  • 1878 Joseph Gustav Mraczek, German violinist, conductor, composer (Max und Moritz) and pedagogue, born in Brno, Bohemia (d. 1944)
  • 1880 House Peters, British silent film actor (This Is the Life, Kansas Territory), born in Bristol, England (d. 1967)
  • 1880 Nikolaos Georgantas, Greek discus thrower (d. 1958)
  • 1880 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
  • 1881 Daniel Webster Hoan, Wisc (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
  • 1881 Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist (d. 1923)
  • 1883 Judge Jackson, composer
  • 1883 Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1959)
  • 1885 Raphaël Verwilghen, Belgian architect, and urban planner, born in Roeselare, West Flanders, Belgium (d. 1963)
  • 1888 Hall Johnson, American composer (Hall Johnson Choir), born in Athens, Georgia (d. 1970)
  • 1888 Hans Knappertsbusch, German conductor (Bavarian State Opera, 1922-36), born in Elberfeld, Germany (d. 1965)
  • 1889 Philip Guedalla, English barrister & historian
  • 1889 Þórbergur Þórðarson, Icelandic author (d. 1974)
  • 1890 A Evert Taube, Swedish writer/troubadour
  • 1890 Vaslav Nijinsky, Ukrainian/US ballet dancer (Petroesjka) [OS=Feb 28]
  • 1890 William Dudley Pelley, American leader of the Silver Legion (d. 1965)
  • 1891 Michael Polany, Hungarian/English chemist/economist/sociologist
  • 1891 George W. Mason, American industrialist (d. 1954)
  • 1895 William C. Lee, U.S. Army general (d. 1948)
  • 1896 Jesse Fuller, American one-man blues band ("San Francisco Bay Blues"), born in Jonesboro, Georgia (d. 1979)
  • 1900 Zoltán Vásárhelyi, Hungarian violinist, teacher, and choral conductor, born in Kecskemét, Hungary (d. 1977)
  • 1904 Ken James, cricket wicket-keeper (NZ's 1st Test, later Northants)
  • 1907 (Margaret Peggy McCrorie) Herbison, politician
  • 1907 Arthur Hewlett, British actor (The Pied Piper), born in Southampton, England (d. 1997)
  • 1907 Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)
  • 1908 David Saul Marshall, diplomat lawyer/politician
  • 1908 Inez Courtney, American actress (13th Man, Crime Ring, Raven), born in NYC, New York (d. 1975)
  • 1908 Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (d. 1970)
  • 1910 Roger L Stevens, producer (Giant)
  • 1910 Tony "Two-Ton" Galento, American heavyweight boxer and actor (On the Waterfront), born in Orange, New Jersey (d. 1979)
  • 1910 Wilhelmus L Reijers, sculptor
  • 1910 Masayoshi Ohira, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1980)
  • 1911 Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, president of Mexico
  • 1912 James McKay, lord provost of Edinburgh
  • 1912 Kylie Tennant, novelist (Battlers, Lost Haven)
  • 1912 Paul Weston [Wetstein], American pianist and orchestra leader (Jim Nabors Hour, Crescent City Suite), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Irving Layton, Canadian poet (d. 2006)
  • 1913 Harold Butler, English cricket fast bowler (2 Tests, 12 wickets; Nottinghamshire), born in Clifton, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1991)
  • 1913 Agathe von Trapp, Austrian-born American singer (oldest von Trapp child), born in Pola, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 2010)
  • 1914 Jan Kapr, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1988)
  • 1915 Alberto Burri, Italian physician/sculptor/abstract painter
  • 1917 Googie Withers, actress (1 of Our Aircraft is Missing), born in Karachi, India
  • 1917 Leonard Chess [Lejzor Czyż], Polish-American blues and R&B record company executive (Chess Records), born in Motal, Poland (now Belarus) (d. 1969)
  • 1918 Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)
  • 1921 Gordon MacRae, American singer and actor (Oklahoma!; Carousel), born in East Orange, New Jersey (d. 1986)
  • 1921 Max de Metz, Dutch publisher/translator
  • 1921 Ralph Shapey, American composer (Fantasy; Rituals), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2002)
  • 1921 Ülo Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Giovanni Agnelli, Italian industrialist and CEO of Fiat, born in Turin, Italy (d. 2003)

Jack Kerouac

1922 Jack Kerouac, American Beat writer (On the Road, Mexico Blues), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 1969)

  • 1922 Lane Kirkland, union president (AFL-CIO)
  • 1922 Thomas Hugh Eastwood, British composer, born in Hawley, Blackwater, England (d. 1999)
  • 1923 Helen Parrish, American actress (Hour Glass, Three Smart Girls Grow Up), born in Columbus, Georgia (d. 1959)
  • 1923 Hjalmar Andersen, Norwegian 1500, 5K, 10K speed skater (Olympic gold 1952), (d. 2013)
  • 1923 Norbert Brainin, Austrian-British violinist (Amadeus Quartet, 1947-87), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2005)
  • 1923 Walter M Schirra Jr, Capt USN/ast (Mer 8, Gem 6, Ap 7), born in Hackensack, New York
  • 1923 Mae Young, American professional wrestler and one of the pioneers in women's wrestling (National Wrestling Alliance, WWF), born in Sand Springs, Oklahoma (d. 2014)
  • 1925 Georges Delerue, French film composer (Sword of Gideon; A Little Romance), born in Roubaix (d. 1992)
  • 1925 Harry [Maxwell] Harrison, UK, sci-fi author (Deathworld Trilogy), (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Leo Esaki [Esaki Reona], Japan, physicist (Tunnel effect-Nobel 1973)
  • 1925 Louison Bobet, French cyclist (Tour de France 1953-55), born in Saint-Méen-le-Grand, France (d. 1983)
  • 1925 William G Whitehurst, (Rep-R-Va)
  • 1926 David Oliver Williams, trade unionist (COHSE)
  • 1926 George R Ariyoshi, (Gov-D-Hawaii)
  • 1926 Gudrun Ure, Scottish actress (Super Gran, Lady MacBeth, BBC Sorcerer), born in Campsie, Stirlingshire, Scotland
  • 1926 Hildy Park, American actress and writer (To Tell the Truth), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2004)
  • 1926 John C[lellon] Holmes, American writer (Horn)
  • 1926 Rolv Berger Yttrehus, American classical music composer, born in Duluth, Minnesota (d. 2018)
  • 1926 Ronald Alley, art gallery manager (Tate Gallery)
  • 1926 Freddie Williams, Welsh motorcycle speedway rider (world champion, 1950, 1952), born in Port Talbot, Wales (d. 2013)
  • 1927 Raúl Alfonsín, President of Argentina (1983-89), born in Chascomús, Buenos Aires (d. 2009)

Edward Albee

1928 Edward Albee, American playwright (Who's Afraid of Virgina Woolf?), born in Virginia (d. 2016)

  • 1928 Roland Moyle, British deputy chairman (Police Complaints Authority)
  • 1928 Thérèse Lavoie-Roux, Quebec politician and senator
  • 1928 Aldemaro Romero, Venezuelan pianist, composer, arranger, and orchestral conductor, born in Valencia, Venezuela (d. 2007)
  • 1929 Francisco Pulgar Vidal, Peruvian musicologist and composer, born in Huánuco, Peru (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Bernard Costello, American double sculls (Olympic silver 1956)
  • 1929 Lupe Anguiano, Mexican-American civil rights activist
  • 1929 U Win Tin, jailed Burmese journalist
  • 1930 Antony Acland, provost of Eton/British ambassador (to US)
  • 1930 Robin Cavendish, English campaigner for the disabled, born in Middleton (d. 1994)
  • 1930 Scoey Mitchill, American TV writer, director, and actor (Barefoot in the Park; Rhoda), born in Newburgh, New York
  • 1930 Stanko Horvat, Croatian composer, born in Zagreb, Croatia (d. 2006)
  • 1930 Wardell Quezergue, American jazz, blues, and funk composer, arranger, record producer and bandleader, known as the "Creole Beethoven", born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2011)
  • 1931 Geoffrey de Bellaigue, director (Royal Collection)
  • 1931 William "Billie" Thomas, American child actor (Buckwheat- Our Gang), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1980)
  • 1931 Herbert Kelleher, Southwest Airlines co-founder
  • 1932 Andrew Young, US ambassador to UN (1977-79)/(Mayor-D-Atlanta)
  • 1933 Barbara Feldon, American actress (Agent 99-Get Smart), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1934 Rudolph Agner, CEO (Consolidated Gold Fields)
  • 1935 Helga Pilarczyk, German soprano (Salome; Lulu), born in Schöningen, Germany (d. 2011)
  • 1935 John Gross, author (Age of Kipling, Dickens & 20th Century)
  • 1936 Anthony Loehnis, vice chairman (S G Warburg & Co)
  • 1936 Keith Slater, cricketer (one Test for Australia 1958-59 series)
  • 1936 Lloyd Dobbins, newscaster (NBC News Overnight), born in Newport News, Virginia
  • 1936 Patrick Procktor, painter
  • 1936 Eddie Sutton, Basketball Hall of Fame coach (Creighton, Arkansas, Kentucky, Oklahoma State; first coach to take 4 schools to NCAA tournament), born in Bucklin, Kansas (d. 2020)
  • 1937 Elizabeth Vaughan, Welsh opera soprano (Victor/Victoria), born in Llanfyllin, Wales
  • 1938 Lew DeWitt, American country singer and composer (Statler Brothers - "Flowers on the Wall"), born in Roanoke, Virginia (d. 1990)
  • 1938 Dimitri Terzakis, Greek composer (Die Farben des Ozeans), born in Athens
  • 1938 Johnny Rutherford, American auto racer (Indianapolis 500 1974, 76, 80), born in Coffeyville, Kansas
  • 1938 Karl Soderlund, Duluth Minn, Mr Sally Jesse Raphael
  • 1938 Tona Scherchen-Hsiao, composer, born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland
  • 1938 Vijay Mehra, cricketer (Indian Test batsman from age 17)
  • 1939 David Mlinaric, British interior director
  • 1939 John Paul Sr, Dutch-American auto racer (24 Hours of Le Mans 1978; 24 Hours of Daytona 1982; 12 Hours of Sebring 1982), born in Netherlands (disappeared 2001)
  • 1940 Al Jarreau, American jazz singer ("Breaking Away"; "We're In This Love Together"; "Moonlighting"), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2017)
  • 1940 Albert Johanneson, soccer star
  • 1940 M.A. Numminen, Finnish singer and writer
  • 1942 Brian O'Hara, English rock musician (The Foremost), born in Liverpool (d. 1999)

Ratko Mladić

1942 Ratko Mladić, Bosnian Serb general during the Bosnian War (found guilty of war crimes 2017), born in Božanovići, Croatia

  • 1942 Jimmy Wynn, American baseball outfielder (MLB All Star 1967, 74, 75; Houston Astros, LA Dodgers), born in Hamilton, Ohio (d. 2020)
  • 1945 Sammy "The Bull" Gravano, American mobster who testified against John Gotti, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1945 Hans van Emden, Dutch rock guitarist (Les Baroques - "Such A Cad")

Liza Minnelli

1946 Liza Minnelli, American singer and actress (Sterile Cuckoo, Cabaret), born in Hollywood, California

  • 1946 Frank Welker, American voice actor (Scooby-Doo, Curious George), born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1946 Peter Whalley, British television writer and author
  • 1947 Jill O'Hara, American Broadway actress (Promises! Promises!), born in Warren, Pennsylvania

Mitt Romney

1947 Mitt Romney, 70th Republican Governor of Massachusetts and presidential candidate, born in Detroit, Michigan

  • 1947 Kalervo Palsa, Finnish artist (d. 1987)
  • 1948 Dana Walden, rock keyboardist (Champaign)
  • 1948 James Taylor, American singer-songwriter and guitarist ("Fire And Rain"; "You've Got A Friend"; "Shower The People"), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1948 Kent Conrad, (Sen-D North Dakota)
  • 1948 Les Holroyd, British progressive rock musician (Barclay James Harvest), born in Oldham England
  • 1948 Virginia Bottomley, British minister of health and heritage
  • 1949 Bill Payne, American rock keyboardist (Little Feat - "Time Loves a Hero"), born in Waco, Texas
  • 1949 David Mellor, secretary of the British treasury/MP
  • 1949 Mary Alice Williams, American television news reporter and anchor (CNN; NBC; WNET; CBS; NJN), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • 1949 Sara Lane, American actress (Elizabeth Grainger-The Virginian), born in NYC, New York
  • 1949 Natalia Kuchinskaya, Soviet gymnast
  • 1949 Moctesuma Esparza, Mexican-American producer & filmmaker
  • 1949 Mike Gibbins, Welsh musician and drummer (Badfinger - "No Matter What"), born in Swansea, Wales (d. 2005)
  • 1950 Jon Provost, actor (Timmy-Lassie)
  • 1950 Willie Duggan, rugby football player
  • 1950 Javier Clemente, Spanish football manager
  • 1950 Wheeler Winston Dixon, American filmmaker, critic and author
  • 1951 Caren Kaye, actress (My Tutor, Bambi-Blansky's Beauties), born in NYC, New York
  • 1951 Jack Green, Scottish musician (T. Rex, 1973-74; The Pretty Things, 1974-76), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1952 Eliézer Niyitegeka, Rwandan journalist, politician and genocidaire
  • 1952 Naomi Shihab Nye, American poet, songwriter, and novelist
  • 1953 Labamba [Richard Rosenberg], American rock trombonist (Asbury Jukes), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1953 Carl Hiaasen, American journalist and author
  • 1953 Madhav Kumar Nepal, Nepalese politician
  • 1954 Anish Kapoor, Indian born British sculptor, born in Mumbai, India
  • 1956 Dale Murphy, American baseball slugger (NL MVP 1982–83; Silver Slugger Award 1982–85; Gold Glove Award 1982–86; 7 x MLB All-Star; NL HR leader 1984, 85; NL; Atlanta Braves), born in Portland, Oregon
  • 1956 Steve Harris, English hard rock bassist (Iron Maiden - "Gypsy's Kiss"), born in London, England
  • 1957 Jerry Levine, American actor (Born on 4th of July), born in New Brunswick, New Jersey