On This Day

Famous Birthdays on March 23

  • 603 K'inich Janaab' Pakal [Sun Shield], Ajaw of the Maya city-state of Palenque (d. 683)
  • 1336 Emperor Go-Kōgon, 4th Northern Emperor of Japan (d. 1374)

Person of interestMargaret of Anjou

1430 Margaret of Anjou, wife of King Henry VI of England, born in Pont-à-Mousson, Lorraine, France (d. 1482)

Queen Consort to King Henry VI of England Margaret of Anjou
Queen Consort to King Henry VI of England
Margaret of Anjou
  • 1599 Thomas Selle, German baroque composer, born in Zörbig (d. 1663)
  • 1638 Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist

Person of interestJames Bradley

1693 James Bradley, English astronomer, 3rd Astronomer Royal, discovered Earth's nutation motion, born in Shelborne, England (d. 1762) exact date disputed

Astronomer James Bradley
James Bradley
  • 1699 John Bartram, naturalist and explorer, father of American botany, born near Darby, Pennsylvania (d. 1777)
  • 1723 Agha Mohammad Khan Ghajar, King of Iran (d. 1771)
  • 1732 Marie Adélaïde of France, daughter of Louis XV (d. 1800)
  • 1733 Josiah Spode, English potter and founder of Spode pottery works, born in Stoke-on-Trent, England (d. 1797)
  • 1736 Iman Willem Falck, Dutch governor of Ceylon (1765-83), born in Colombo, Sri Lanka (d. 1785)
  • 1737 Arthur St. Clair, American soldier and politician (President of the Continental Congress, 1787), born in Thurso, Scotland (d. 1818)
  • 1749 Hugo Franz Karl Alexander von Kerpen, composer
  • 1749 Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace, French mathematician, astronomer and physicist (stability of the solar system), born in Beaumount-en-Auge, Normandy, France (d. 1827)
  • 1750 Johannes Matthias Sperger, composer
  • 1754 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)

  • 1761 John W de Winter, Dutch vice-admiral (Battle at Kamperduin)
  • 1769 William Smith, British geologist who is credited with creating the first nationwide geological map (Strata Identified by Organized Fossils), born in Churchill, Oxfordshire (d. 1839)
  • 1769 Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (d. 1832)
  • 1795 Leopold Jansa, composer
  • 1801 Peterus D Regout, Dutch industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht)
  • 1808 Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper, sociologist/historian (Statistic yearbook)
  • 1811 Camille Marie Stamaty, composer
  • 1811 Carl Gottfried Wilhelm Taubert, composer
  • 1818 Don Carlos Buell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Lowell, Ohio (d. 1898)
  • 1821 Aleksej F Pisemski, Russian writer (Clodhopper)
  • 1823 Schuyler Colfax, (R) 17th VP (1869-73)
  • 1825 Edward Lloyd Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1898)
  • 1826 Ludwig Minkus, Austrian ballet composer, born in Vienna (d. 1917)
  • 1831 Eduard Schlagintweit, German writer (d. 1866)
  • 1834 Julius Reubke, composer
  • 1837 Joseph Wieniawski, composer
  • 1844 Eugene Gigout, composer
  • 1847 Alexandru D Xenopol, Romania, historian
  • 1854 Alfred Milner, Giessen Germany, British governor (Cape colony)
  • 1857 Fannie Farmer, American culinary pioneer who revolutionised modern cooking through the introduction of precise measurements (Boston Cooking-School Cook Book), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1915)

  • 1858 Ludwig Quidde, German historian/politician (Nobel prize 1927)
  • 1862 Nathaniel Reed, American outlaw turned evangelist (d. 1950)
  • 1863 Godfried CE van Daalen, Dutch general/governor of Atjeh
  • 1864 Hjalmar Borgstrom, composer
  • 1864 Louis Glass, Danish composer, born in Copenhagen (d. 1936)
  • 1868 Dietrich Eckart, early supporter of Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party and member of Thule Society (d. 1923)
  • 1876 Muirhead Bone, etcher/engraver of architecture, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1878 Franz Schrecker, Austrian composer (Der ferne Klang, Der Schatzgräber)
  • 1880 Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (d. 1922)
  • 1881 Hermann Staudinger, German chemist/plastics researcher (Nobel '53)
  • 1881 Roger Martin du Guard, French novelist (Les Thibault-Nobel 1937)
  • 1882 C Montague Shaw, Adelaide Australia
  • 1882 Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)
  • 1883 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria
  • 1884 Glauco Velasquez, composer
  • 1887 Anthony van Hoboken, Dutch musicologist (Haydn-catalog)
  • 1887 Felix Yussupov, Russian aristocrat, best known for participating in the assassination of Grigori Rasputin, born in Moika Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1887 Juan Gris, Spanish cubist painter (Still Life Before an Open Window)
  • 1887 Sidney Hillman, union leader (Sidney Hillman Foundation)
  • 1891 Catherine Murphy Urner, composer
  • 1893 Cedric Gibbons, American art director (d. 1960)
  • 1895 Dane Rudhyar, composer
  • 1895 Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian (d. 2001)
  • 1898 Georgios Grivas, Greek general/opposition leader on Cyprus
  • 1898 Hazel Dawn [Tout], American actress (Niobe, Under Cover, Feud Girl), born in Ogden, Utah (d. 1988)
  • 1899 Dora Gerson, German-Jewish actress, cabaret singer, and Holocaust victim (Caravan of Death), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1900 Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)
  • 1900 Jose Antonio Calcano, composer
  • 1901 Jan H de Groot, Dutch resistance fighter/co-founder (Free Netherlands)
  • 1902 Philip Ober, American actor (Gen Stone-I Dream of Jeannie), born in Fort Payne, Alabama (d. 1982)
  • 1905 Paul Grimault, animator
  • 1905 Ralph Perring, Lord Mayor (London)
  • 1905 Lale Andersen [Elisabeth Bunnenberg], German singer and actress (Der Pott), born in Bremerhaven, Germany (d. 1972)

Person of interestJoan Crawford

1905 Joan Crawford [Lucille Le Sueur], American actress (Mildred Pierce), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 1977)

Actress Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
  • 1906 George Posford, composer
  • 1907 Daniel Bovet, Swiss pharmacologist (Nobel 1957)
  • 1907 Douglas Patrick Thomas Jay, politician
  • 1908 Dominique de Menil, arts patron/human rights advocate
  • 1908 Ben Barnett, Australian cricket wicket-keeper (1938 England tour), born in Auburn, Victoria, Australia (d. 1979)

Person of interestAkira Kurosawa

1910 Akira Kurosawa, Japanese director and screenwriter who was posthumously named "Asian of the Century" in the "Arts, Literature, and Culture" category (Rashomon, Drunken Angel, Seven Samurai, Ran), born in Tokyo Japan (d. 1998)

Film Director and Screenwriter Akira Kurosawa
Film Director and Screenwriter
Akira Kurosawa
  • 1911 Augustus John "Gus" Risman, rugby league player
  • 1911 Charles Joseph A Russhon, USAF lt col/liaison (James Bond films)
  • 1911 Denis Wright, diplomat
  • 1911 Edward Warner, diplomat
  • 1911 Dick Chapman, American golfer (1940 US amateur, 1951 British amateur), born in Greenwich, Connecticut (d. 1978)
  • 1912 Alfred Schwarzmann, German gymnast (Olympic-2 golds-1936)

Person of interestWernher von Braun

1912 Wernher von Braun, German rocket scientist (I Aim at the Stars), born in Wirsitz, Germany (now Wyrzysk, Poland) (d. 1977)

Rocket Scientist Wernher von Braun
Rocket Scientist
Wernher von Braun
  • 1914 Robert Gross, composer
  • 1915 Francis Berry, poet/Shakespearean scholar
  • 1915 Vasily Zaitsev, Soviet World War II hero (d. 1991)
  • 1917 Kenneth Tobey, American actor (The Thing from Another World, Innerspace, Whirlybirds), born in Oakland, California (d. 2002)
  • 1917 H C Allen, American historian
  • 1917 Johnny Guarnieri, American jazz pianist (Morey Amsterdam Show), born in NYC, New York (d. 1985)
  • 1917 Patricia Burke, actress (Forbidden), born in Milan, Italy
  • 1919 Michael Lyne, British air Vice-marshal

  • 1919 Carl Graffunder, mid-century modernist architect
  • 1920 Alexander Grigori Harut'unyan, composer
  • 1920 Geoffrey Bush, British organist/pianist/composer/educator, born in London (d. 1998)
  • 1920 Jimmy Edwards, British comedy writer and actor (Take It From Here, Whack-O!), born in Barnes, Surrey, England (d. 1988)
  • 1920 Tetsuharu Kawakami, Japanese baseball player and coach
  • 1921 Donald Campbell, English boat and land racer (world land and water records 1964; only person to complete in same year), born in Kingston upon Thames, England (d. 1967)
  • 1921 Ian Todd, pres (Royal College of Surgeons)
  • 1921 Wolfgang Altendorfer, writer
  • 1922 Marty Allen, Pitts, comedian (Allen & Rossi), "Hello Dere"
  • 1922 Ugo Tognazzi, Italian comedy actor, director and screenwriter (La Cage Aux Folles, The Tragedy of a Ridiculous Man), born in Cremona, Italy (d. 1990)
  • 1923 Arnie Weinmeister, AAFC, NFL def tackle (NY Yankees, Giants)
  • 1923 Abderrahim Bouabid, Moroccan politician (Socialist Union of Popular Forces) and an opponent of French Imperialism and King Hassan II, born in Salé, Morocco (d. 1992)
  • 1924 Peter Godfrey, chartered accountant
  • 1924 Bette Nesmith Graham, American inventor (liquid paper), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1980)
  • 1925 Cees de Ruyter, European champion billiards player
  • 1925 David McNee, commissioner (Metropolitan Police)
  • 1925 David Watkin, English cinematographer (d. 2008)
  • 1926 Martha Wright, American actress and singer (South Pacific, The Martha Wright Show), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2016)
  • 1927 Osvaldo Lacerda, composer
  • 1927 John Logan, Endicott, NY, MLB shortstop (Boston and Milwaukee Braves), (d. 2013)
  • 1929 Albert H Crews, American chemical and aeronautical engineer and USAF astronaut (X-20 Dyna-Soar program), born in El Dorado, Arkansas
  • 1929 Gerrit den Braber, Dutch songwriter and lyricist (Ring-dinge-ding, I See a Star), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1997)
  • 1929 James Maxwell, American actor and director (The Portrait of a Lady, The Shadow of the Tower, The Evil of Frankenstein), born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • 1929 Michael Manser, English architect, born in Bristol (d. 2016)

Person of interestRoger Bannister

1929 Roger Bannister, English middle-distance athlete who was the 1st to run a 4 minute mile at Iffley Road Track, Oxford (1954), born in Harrow, England (d. 2018)

Middle-Distance Runner Roger Bannister
Middle-Distance Runner
Roger Bannister
  • 1931 Norman F Lent, (Rep-R-NY, 1971- 93), (d. 2012)
  • 1931 Yevdokiya Mekshilo, Soviet skier (Olympic gold 1964), born in Gorno-Altaysk, Russia (d. 2013)
  • 1931 Yevgeni Grishin, Russian speed skater (4 Olympic gold 1956, 60), born in Tula, Russia (d. 2005)
  • 1932 Don Marshall, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1933 Geoffrey Leigh, CEO (Allied London Properties)

  • 1933 Monique van Vooren, Belgian actress (Andy Warhol's Frankenstein)
  • 1933 Norman Bailey, British bass-baritone (Flying Dutchman)
  • 1933 Hayes Jenkins, American figure skater (Olympic gold singles 1956; World C'ship gold 1953-56), born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1933 Norman Yemm, Australian actor (Oklahoma!), born in Elsternwick, Australia (d. 2015)
  • 1933 Philip Zimbardo, American psychologist, known for the Stanford prison experiment
  • 1934 Mark Rydell, American actor (Havana, Punchline, Long Goodbye), born in NYC, New York
  • 1934 Ludvig Faddeev, Russian mathematician
  • 1934 Fernand Gignac, Canadian singer and actor (d. 2006)
  • 1934 Teresa Proccacini, Italian organist and composer (Clown Music), born in Cerignola, Italy
  • 1935 Barry Cryer, comedian/writer (Goodies Rule-OK, All You Need is Cash)
  • 1935 Desmond Pitcher, CEO (Merseyside Development Corporation)
  • 1937 Craig Breedlove, American auto racer (5-time world land speed record holder), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1937 Heinz Martin Lonquich, German composer
  • 1937 Robert Gallo, American physician
  • 1937 Tony Burton, actor (Rocky films) and boxer, born in Flint, Michigan (d. 2016)
  • 1937 Robert Cage, American blues guitarist (From Lake Mary), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2012)
  • 1938 Christopher Glenn, American news anchor (CBS Nightwatch), born in NYC, New York
  • 1938 Kenneth J Gregory, warden (Goldsmiths' College)
  • 1938 Maynard Jackson, first African American mayor of Atlanta (d. 2003)
  • 1938 Dave Pike, jazz vibraphone and marimba player, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • 1939 Bert Berdis, Pitts, comedian (Tim Conway Show)
  • 1939 Boris Ivanovich Tischenko, composer
  • 1939 Pepe Lienhard, Swiss band leader and entertainer
  • 1940 Brian Hastings, cricketer (NZ batsman in 70's)
  • 1940 Luis Gasca, American trumpeter, born in Houston, Texas
  • 1941 Jim Trelease, American educator and children's literature author
  • 1942 Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure (d. 1980)
  • 1942 James "Jimmy" Miller, American record producer and musician (The Rolling Stones), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1994)
  • 1943 Gail Goodrich, NBA star (Lakers, Suns)
  • 1943 Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish writer (d. 2001)

  • 1943 Lee May "The Big Bopper", American Major League Baseball 1st baseman, born in Birmingham, Alabama (d. 2017)
  • 1944 Michael Nyman, composer (Mesmer, Carrington)
  • 1944 Salim Altaf, cricketer (Pakistan medium-pacer in 21 Tests 1967-78)
  • 1944 Ric Ocasek [Richard Otcasek], American rocker (The Cars - Best Friend's Girl; Shake It Up), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2019)
  • 1944 George Scott, Greenville, MS, MLB player (Boston Red Sox), (d. 2013)
  • 1945 Franco Battiato, Italian singer, songwriter and filmmaker
  • 1945 Krasnodar Rora, Croatian soccer midfielder (5 caps Yugoslavia; Dinamo Zagreb, Standard Liège) and manager (Šibenik), born in Vis, Croatia (d. 2020)
  • 1946 Alan Bleasdale, English author, playwright and scriptwriter (Are You Lonesome Tonight), born in Liverpool
  • 1947 Terry Alexander, African-American actor (Day of the Dead, One Life to Live), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1947 Barbara Rhodes, Poughkeepsie NY, actress (Don't Just Stand There)
  • 1948 Wasim Bari, Pakistani cricket wicket-keeper (Pakistan's most successful), born in Karachi, Pakistan
  • 1948 David Olney, American singer-songwriter, born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 2020)
  • 1949 Karen English, (Rep-D-Arizona)
  • 1949 Roland Lee, American Watercolor Artist
  • 1950 Corrine Clery, actress (Moonraker, Yor), born in Paris, France
  • 1950 Anthony De Longis, American actor
  • 1951 Lis Howell, British broadcaster (director of programs GMTV), born in Liverpool. England
  • 1952 Kim Stanley Robinson, American sci-fi author (Mars Trilogy), born in Waukegan, Illinois

Person of interestRex Tillerson

1952 Rex Tillerson, American businessman (ExxonMobil) and US Secretary of State (2017-18), born in Wichita Falls, Texas

US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson
US Secretary of State
Rex Tillerson
  • 1953 Chaka Khan [Yvette Marie Stevens], American singer and songwriter (Rufus, I am Every Woman), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1953 Bo Diaz, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 1954 Geno Auriemma, Italian-born American basketball coach (Connecticut Huskies), born in Montella, Italy
  • 1955 Moses Malone, Basketball Hall of Fame center (NBA MVP 1979, 82-83), born in Petersburg, Virginia, (d. 2015)
  • 1955 Cindy Olavarri, Pleasant Hills California, cyclist (7-Eleven team)
  • 1955 Petrea Burchard, American actress
  • 1956 Laura Thorne, chef (named one of 10 best American chefs)
  • 1956 José Manuel Barroso, Portuguese politician, president of the European Commission
  • 1957 Amanda Plummer, American actress (Hotel New Hampshire, Dollmaker), born in NYC, New York
  • 1957 Sheila Rena Ingram, 4X400m relayer (Olympic silver 1976), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1957 Teresa Ganzel, actress (Teachers Only, Duck Factory), born in Toledo, Ohio

  • 1957 Robbie James, Welsh footballer (d. 1998)
  • 1958 Serena Grandi [Fagioli], actress (Miranda), born in Bologna Italy
  • 1958 Etienne De Wilde, Belgian cyclist
  • 1958 El Duce [Eldon Wayne Hoke], American singer and drummer (The Mentors), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1997)
  • 1959 Catherine Keener, American actress (Captain Philips, Get Out), born in Miami, Florida
  • 1959 Epic Soundtracks [Kevin Paul Godfrey], English musician (Swell Maps, Crime and the City Solution, These Immortal Souls), born in Croydon, Surrey (d. 1997)
  • 1959 Philippe Volter, Belgian actor (d. 2005)
  • 1960 Oscar Michael Moore, journalist
  • 1960 Terry Sweeney, American writer/comedian (SNL), born in Queens, New York
  • 1960 Nicol Stephen, Deputy First Minister of Scotland
  • 1961 Helmi Johannes, Indonesian television newscaster
  • 1962 Steve Redgrave, British rower (5 Olympic gold medals 1984-2000) world's most successful male rower, born in Marlow
  • 1963 Ana Quirot, Cuba, 800m runner (Olympics-bronze/silver-92, 96)
  • 1964 John Pinette, American comedian, (d. 2014)
  • 1965 Dante Jones, NFL linebacker (Denver Broncos)
  • 1965 Daren Puppa, Kirkland Lake, NHL goalie (Tampa Bay Lightning)
  • 1965 Richard Grieco, Waterton NY, actor (21 Jump Street, Booker)
  • 1965 Wayne Presley, NHL right wing (Toronto Maple Leafs), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1965 Marti Pellow, Scottish musician (Wet, Wet, Wet - "Love is All Around"), born in Glasgow