On This Day

Famous Birthdays on March 27

  • 972 Robert II of France [the Pious, the Wise], King of the Franks (996-1031), born in Orléans, France (d. 1031)
  • 1416 Antonio Squarcialupi [Giovanni], Italian composer and organist (Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, 1432-80), born in Florence (d. 1480)
  • 1554 Eberhard Bronchorst, Dutch lawyer, born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1627)
  • 1627 Stephen Fox, English politician, born in Farley, Wiltshire (d. 1716)
  • 1665 Benjamin Neukirch, German poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau), born in Silesia, Poland (d. 1729)
  • 1676 Francis II Rákóczi, Hungarian nobleman and leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg, born in Borsi, Royal Hungary (d. 1735)
  • 1702 Johann Ernst Eberlin, German composer, born in Jettingen-Scheppach, Germany (d. 1762)
  • 1710 Joseph Abaco, Italian composer, born in Brussels, Spanish Netherlands (d. 1805)
  • 1712 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon, born in Lyon, France (d. 1779)
  • 1714 Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian, born in Venice (d. 1795)
  • 1730 Thomas Tyrwhitt, English classical scholar and critic, born in London (d. 1786)
  • 1746 Augustin Ullinger, German composer, born in Ranoldsberg, Upper Bavaria (d. 1781)
  • 1746 Carlo Buonaparte, Corsican attorney and father of emperor Napoleon, born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Republic of Genoa (d. 1785)
  • 1746 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (Elegy written in Spring), born in Portmoak, Kinross-shire, Scotland (d. 1767)
  • 1757 Richard John Samuel Stevens, English composer, born in London (d. 1837)
  • 1760 Ishmail Spicer, American publisher, music teacher, and composer, born in Bozrah, Connecticut (d. 1832)
  • 1760 Marie-Jean Auguste Vestris, French ballet dancer, born in Paris (d. 1842)
  • 1765 Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologist, born in Munich (d. 1841)
  • 1772 Giovanni Liverati, Italian composer, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1846)
  • 1780 August Leopold Crelle, German inventor and mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), born in Eichwerder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1855)
  • 1784 Jonathan Jennings, American politician (Governor of Indiana, 1816–1822; Congressman for Indiana, 1822–1831), born in Readington, New Jersey (d. 1834)
  • 1785 Louis XVII Charles, King of France (1793-95), born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1795)
  • 1797 Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny, French musketeer and writer (Moise, Chatterton), born in Loches, France (d. 1863)
  • 1809 Georges Eugene, Baron Haussmann, French administrator and architect, born in Paris (d. 1891)
  • 1810 Adolf Glassbrenner, German satirical writer, born in Berlin (d. 1876)
  • 1810 William Hepworth Thompson, English classical scholar and Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, born in York, England (d. 1886)
  • 1813 Nathaniel Currier, American lithographer (Currier & Ives), born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1888)
  • 1816 George Elvey, English composer, born in Canterbury, England (d. 1893)
  • 1817 Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli, Swiss botanist (famous for his work on plant cells), born in Kilchberg, Switzerland (d. 1891)
  • 1818 Jacob Axel Josephson, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1880)
  • 1823 Samuel Kosciusko Zook, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Tredyffrin Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1863)
  • 1839 John Ballance, 14th Prime Minister of New Zealand and the founder of the Liberal Party, born in Glenavy, Ireland (d. 1893)
  • 1844 Adolphus Washington Greely, American Arctic explorer and recipient of the Medal of Honor, born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1935)

Wilhelm Röntgen

1845 Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist who discovered X-rays (Nobel 1901), born in Lennep, Rhine Province (d. 1923)

  • 1847 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1931)
  • 1851 Ruperto Chapi, Spanish composer, born in Villena, Spain (d. 1909)

Vincent d'Indy

1851 Vincent d'Indy, French composer (Symphony on a French Mountain Air), and teacher, born in Paris (d. 1931)

  • 1855 Alfred Ewing, Scottish Physicist (magnetic properties of metals, hysteresis), born in Dundee, Angus, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • 1857 Karl Pearson, British statistician (leading founder of the modern field of statistics), born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1858 Peter C. Lutkin, composer, born in Thomp­son­ville, Wis­con­sin (d. 1931)
  • 1859 George Giffen, Australian cricketer (one of Australia's greatest all-rounders), born in Norwood, South Australia (d. 1927)
  • 1860 Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar, born in Redding, Connecticut (d. 1924)
  • 1863 Henry Royce, English industrialist and automobile founder (Rolls-Royce), born in Alwalton, England (d. 1933)
  • 1867 Edyth Walker, American opera singer, born in Hopewell, New York (d. 1950)
  • 1868 Patty Smith Hill, American composer, teacher and songwriter ("Happy Birthday To You"), born in Anchorage, Kentucky (d. 1946)
  • 1869 James McNeill, Irish politician, 2nd Governor-General of the Irish Free State, born in Glenarm, County Antrim, Ireland (d. 1938)
  • 1871 Heinrich Mann, German novelist and essayist (Professor Unrat); brother of Thomas, born in Lübeck (d. 1950)
  • 1871 Piet Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • 1878 Miller Huggins, American Baseball Hall of Fame 2nd baseman, manager (NY Yankees WS 1923, 27-28), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1929)
  • 1879 Edward Steichen, American photographer, born in Luxembourg (d. 1973)
  • 1883 Jan Kunc, Czech composer (Czech State Anthem), born in Doubravice nad Svitavou (d. 1976)
  • 1883 Marie Under, Estonian author and poet, born in Tallinn, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • 1886 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German-American architect (November Group), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1886 Sergey Kirov, Russian bolshevik leader, born in Urzhum, Russia (d. 1934)
  • 1888 Agnes Windeck, German actress (A Time to Love and a Time to Die), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1888 George Hearne, South African cricket batsman (3 Tests; Western Province), born in Catford, England (d. 1978)
  • 1889 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1974)
  • 1892 Ferde Grofé, American pianist, composer (Grand Canyon Suite), and arranger (Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue), born in New York (d. 1972)
  • 1892 Thorne Smith, American sci-fi author (Topper, Rain in the Doorway, Stray Lamb), born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1934)
  • 1893 Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (Ideology & Utopia), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1894 William Harrigan, American actor (Invisible Man), born in NYC, New York (d. 1966)
  • 1897 Douglas R. Hartree, English mathematician and physicist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1958)
  • 1897 Carlo Mierendorff, German politician and anti-fascist, born in Grossenhain, Germany (d. 1943)

Gloria Swanson

1899 Gloria Swanson, American actress (Sunset Boulevard, Queen Kelly) and producer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1983)

  • 1901 Albert Henneberg, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1991)
  • 1901 Erich Ollenhauer, German politician, leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (1952-63), born in Madgeburg, Germany (d. 1963)
  • 1901 Satō Eisaku, Japanese Prime Minister (1964-72), (Nobel 1974), born in Tabuse, Japan (d. 1975)
  • 1901 Carl Barks, American cartoonist (creator of Scrooge McDuck), born in Merrill, Oregon (d. 2000)
  • 1902 Mary Armour, Scottish painter, born in Blantyre (d. 2000)
  • 1902 Charles Bryant Lang Jr., American cinematographer, born in Bluff, Utah (d. 1998)
  • 1904 Hal Kemp American jazz alto saxophonist, clarinetist, arranger and sweet jazz bandleader, born in Marion, Alabama (d. 1940)
  • 1905 Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer, 1st female in Canada to get bachelor's degree in electrical engineering, born in Vancouver (d. 1980)
  • 1905 John Fleming (Jack) Brock, South African nutritional scientist, physician and a professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Cape Town, born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa (d. 1983)
  • 1905 Leroy Carr, American blues piano player and singer-songwriter ("How Long, How Long Blues"), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1935)
  • 1906 Charles "Pee Wee" Russell, American jazz clarinet and saxophone player, born in Maplewood, Missouri (d. 1969)
  • 1907 Mary Treen, American actress (It's a Wonderful Life), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 1989)
  • 1907 Claude Stroud, American actor (Breakfast at Tiffany's; Ted Knight Show; Duke), born in Kaufman, Texas (d. 1985)
  • 1908 Jacques [Izaak] den Haan, Dutch writer (Dangerous Book), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • 1909 Ben Webster, American tenor saxophonist, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1973)
  • 1909 Golo Mann, German-American historian (Antisemitism), born in Munich (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Ai Qing, Chinese poet, born in Jinhua, Zhejiang province (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Rudi Ball, German-Jewish ice hockey star (Olympic bronze 1932), born in Berlin (d. 1975)
  • 1910 Frank Smailes, English cricket all-rounder (1 Test; 8 County C'ships, Yorkshire), born in Ripley, North Yorkshire, England (d. 1970)
  • 1912 Reuel Lahmer, Canadian-American organist and composer ("It Is Good To Give Thanks"), born in Maple, Ontario
  • 1912 Robert Watson Hughes, Scottish-Australian composer, born in Levan, Inverclyde, Scotland (d. 2007)
  • 1913 Godfrey Turner, British composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1948)
  • 1913 Theodor Dannecker, SS officer and an associate of Adolf Eichmann, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1914 Budd Schulberg, American novelist and screenwriter (On the Waterfront), born in NYC, New York (d. 2009)
  • 1914 Richard Denning [Louis Denninger Jr.], American actor (An Affair to Remember, The Black Scorpion), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1914 Snooky Lanson [Roy Landman], American singer (Your Hit Parade; 5 Star Jubilee), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1990)
  • 1915 Robert Lockwood Jr., American blues guitarist, born in Turkey Scratch, Arkansas (d. 2006)
  • 1917 Cyrus Vance, US Secretary of State (1977-80), born in Clarksburg, West Virginia (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Harry West, Irish politician, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (1974-79), born in Enniskillen, Ireland (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Julian Amery, British conservative politician and minister, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1919 Simon van Collem, Dutch journalist and TV host (Amsterdamned), born in Amsterdam (d. 1989)
  • 1920 Richard Hayman, American harmonica player ("Ruby"), arranger, and orchestra leader (Boston Pops; St. Louis Pops; Grand Rapids Pops), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2014)
  • 1920 Robin Jacques, English illustrator, born in Chelsea (d. 1995)
  • 1920 Carl-Henrik Norin Swedish jazz saxophonist, and composer ("Mississippi Mood"), born in Västerås, Sweden (d. 1967)
  • 1921 Tom Bevill, American Democratic fifteen-term U.S. congressman, born in Townley, Alabama (d. 2005)
  • 1921 Harold Nicholas, American dancer known as one of the world's greatest dancers (Nicholas Brothers), born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina (d. 2000)
  • 1922 Margaret Stacey, English sociologist who helped shape the distinctively British genre of empirical sociology, born in London (d. 2004)
  • 1922 Stefan Wul, French sci-fi author (The Temple of the Past), born in Paris (d. 2003)
  • 1923 Louis Simpson, Jamaican-American poet (Good News of Death), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Shūsaku Endō, Japanese writer (Sea & Poison, Silence), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Victor Hochhauser, British impresario (Israeli Philharmonic Orchestra), born in Košice, Czechoslovakia (d. 2019)
  • 1924 Sarah Vaughan, American jazz singer ("Broken Hearted Melody"), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1990)
  • 1925 Charles Henry Plumb, 15th President of the European Parliament, born in Warwickshire
  • 1925 Robert Cohan, American dancer and artistic director (Contemporary Dance Trust), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1925 John Bayley, English academic and writer (Iris: A Memoir of Iris Murdoch), born in Lahore, British India (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Louis Blom-Cooper, barrister specialising in public and administrative law and co-editor of The Judicial House of Lords 1876–2009, born in London
  • 1926 Frank O'Hara, American writer and poet, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1966)
  • 1926 Frankie Ervin, American R&B singer (The Three Blazers - "Dragnet Blues"; The Shields - "You Cheated"), born in Blythe, California (d. 2009)
  • 1927 Anthony Lewis, American columnist (NY Times) and author (Gideon's Trumpet), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1927 Lord Fanshawe of Richmond [Anthony Henry Fanshawe Royle], Conservative MP for Richmond (1959-83) (d. 2001)
  • 1927 Mstislav Rostropovich, Soviet-Russian cellist and conductor, born in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR (d. 2007)
  • 1928 Douglas Applegate, American politician, U.S. House of Representative from Ohio, born in Steubenville, Ohio
  • 1928 Antonín Tučapský, Czech composer, teacher, and choral conductor, born in Opatovice, Moravia, Czechoslovakia (d. 2014)
  • 1929 Anne Ramsey, American actress (Throw Mama from the Train), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1988)
  • 1930 Bob den Uyl, Dutch journalist and writer (Bird Watching), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1930 David Janssen, American actor (The Fugitive, Harry O), born in Naponee Nebraska (d. 1980)
  • 1931 Burt Collins, American jazz trumpeter, born in NYC, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1931 Bob Bauman, CEO (British Aerospace)
  • 1931 Yoriaki Matsudaira, Japanese composer, born in Tokyo
  • 1932 [Herman] Junior Parker, American blues singer and musician ("Mystery Train"), born in Bobo, Mississippi (d. 1971)
  • 1932 Wes Covington, American baseball player (Philadelphia Phillies), born in Laurinburg, North Carolina (d. 2011)
  • 1933 Frank Taylor, Chief Constable (Durham)
  • 1934 Arthur Mitchell, African-American choreographer (Dance Theater of Harlem), born in New York
  • 1934 David Hancock, British civil servant, secretary (British Department of Education & Science), born in Beckenham, Kent (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Istvan Csurka, Hungarian politician and writer, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2012)
  • 1935 Michael Howard, 21st Earl of Suffolk and 14th Earl of Berkshire
  • 1935 Julian Glover, English actor (QED, Heat & Dust, Mandela), born in Hampstead, London
  • 1935 Abelardo Castillo, Argentine writer and novelist, born in San Pedro, Buenos Aires (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Fr. Stanley Rother, American Roman Catholic priest, martyr and missionary to Guatemala, born in Okarche, Oklahoma (d. 1981)
  • 1936 Jerry Lacy, American actor (Play it Again Sam), born in Sioux City, Iowa
  • 1936 Malcolm Goldstein, American composer, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1937 Johnny Copeland, American blues guitarist and singer (Lion's Den), born in Haynesville, Louisiana (d. 1997)
  • 1937 Thomas Aquinas Daly, American painter, born in Albany, New York
  • 1937 Francesco Janich, Italian soccer defender (6 caps; Bologna), born in Udine, Italy (d. 2019)
  • 1938 A J Bellingham, British haematologist and president (Royal College of Pathologists)
  • 1938 Jock Slater, British Admiral, First Sea Lord (1995-1998)
  • 1939 Cale Yarborough, American auto racer (Daytona 500-1968, 77, 83, 84), born in Timmonsville, South Carolina
  • 1939 Jay Kim, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1939 Charles Lyell, 3rd Baron Lyell, British politician and Conservative member of the House of Lords (d. 2017)
  • 1939 Ruth Ashton, general secretary (Royal College of Midwives)
  • 1939 Maurice Petty, American auto racing crew chief, engine builder and team owner (Petty Enterprises, International Motorsports & NASCAR Hall of Fame), born in Level Cross, North Carolina (d. 2020)
  • 1939 Bo Winberg, Swedish instrumental rock guitarist (The Spotnicks - "Hava Nagila"; "Amapola"; "Karelia"), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 2020)
  • 1940 Austin Pendleton, American actor (Short Circuit; Simon; Hello Again), born in Warren, Ohio
  • 1940 June Wilkinson, English actress (Absolutely Glamorous), born in Essex, England
  • 1940 Janis Martin, American rockabilly and country singer, born in Sutherlin, Virginia (d. 2007)
  • 1941 Charles Pashayan Jr., U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Fresno, California
  • 1941 Liese Prokop, Austrian pentathlete (Olympic silver 1968), born in Tulln District, Austria (d. 2006)
  • 1941 Ivan Gašparovič, President of Slovakia (2004-14), born in Poltár, Slovak Republic
  • 1942 Michael York, British actor (Cabaret, Logan's Run, 3 Musketeers), born in Fulmer, Buckinghamshire
  • 1942 Raymond J. McGrath, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in Valley Stream, New York
  • 1942 Sir John E. Sulston, British molecular biologist, co-recipient of 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (roundworm genome sequencing), born in Fulmer, Buckinghamshire (d. 2018)
  • 1942 Michael Jackson, British writer and journalist, born in Wetherby, Yorkshire (d. 2007)
  • 1943 Milton Robert Carr, (Rep-D-Michigan, 1975-81, 83-95), born in Janesville, Wisconsin
  • 1943 Phil Frank, American cartoonist (Farley, The Elderberries comics), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • 1943 Mike Curtis, American NFL linebacker (Super Bowl 1971; Pro Bowl 1968, 70, 71, 74; First-team All-Pro 1968, 69; Baltimore Colts), born in Rockville, Maryland (d. 2020)
  • 1944 Khosrow Shakibai, Iranian actor (Hamoun), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2008)
  • 1945 Briton Selby, Canadian NHL player, born in Kingston, Ontario
  • 1946 Bill Sudakis, American baseball player, born in Joliet, Illinois
  • 1946 Carl Weintraub, American actor (Harry-Executive Suite)
  • 1946 Olaf Malolepski, German musician (Die Flippers), born in Madgeburg, Germany
  • 1947 Daphne Todd, English artist and president (Royal Society of Portrait Painters), born in York
  • 1947 Doug Wilkerson, American football guard (Pro Bowl 1980–82; First-team All-Pro 1982; SD Chargers), born in Fayetteville, North Carolina (d. 2021)
  • 1947 Tom Sullivan, blind actor (If You Could See What I Hear), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1947 Walt Mossberg, American journalist, the highest-paid journalist at the Wall Street Journal, born in Warwick, Rhode Island
  • 1949 Patrick Deuchar, CEO (Albert Hall)
  • 1949 Russ Conway, American sports journalist (Eagleson NHL scandal), born in Haverhill, Massachusetts (d. 2019)
  • 1949 Poul Ruders, Danish organist and composer (Four Compositions; Manhattan Abstraction; Sound And Simplicity), born in Ringsted, Denmark
  • 1950 Maria Ewing, American opera singer, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1950 Vic Harris, American MLB player, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1950 Tony Banks, British progressive rock keyboardist (Genesis - "Supper's Ready"), and film score and classical composer, born in East Hoathly, Sussex, England
  • 1950 Petros Efthymiou, Greek politician (Panhellenic Socialist Movement), born in Larissa, Thessaly
  • 1951 Bobby Lalonde, NHLer (Boston Bruins), born in Montreal
  • 1952 Chick Vennera, American actor (Thank God It's Friday; High Risk; Milagro Beanfield War; Animaniacs), born in Herkimer, New York (d. 2021)
  • 1952 Maria Schneider, French actress (Last Tango in Paris, Crime of Honor), born in Paris, France (d. 2011)
  • 1952 Rocky Maffit, American percussionist (Champaign)
  • 1953 Walter "Wally" Stocker, British rock vocalist and guitarist (The Babys - "Missing You"), born in London, England
  • 1953 Pamela Roylance, actress (Sarah-Little House on Prairie), born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1955 Patrick McCabe, Irish novelist (The Butcher Boy), born in Clones, County Monaghan
  • 1955 Mariano Rajoy, Spanish politician, Prime Minister of Spain (2011-18), born in Santiago de Compostela, Spain
  • 1956 Thomas Wassberg, Swedish cross country skier (4 Olympic gold 1980, 84, 88), born in Lennartsfors, Värmland, Sweden
  • 1957 Billy MacKenzie, Scottish rock vocalist (The Associates - "Affectionate Punch"), born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1997)
  • 1957 Nicholas Hawkins, British politician (Conservatives 1992-2005)
  • 1958 Susan Molinari, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in NYC, New York
  • 1959 Andrew Farriss, Australian rock keyboardist and songwriter (INXS - "Kiss the Dirt"; "New Sensation"), born in Perth, Australia
  • 1960 Clare Lucy Madeleine Evans, historian
  • 1960 Hans Pflügler, German footballer, born in Freising, Germany
  • 1961 Ellery Hanley, British rugby league player, born in Leeds
  • 1961 Tak Matsumoto, Japanese Grammy Award-winning guitarist (B'z), born in Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan
  • 1961 Tony Rominger, Swiss road racing cyclist, born in Vejle, Denmark
  • 1963 Dave Koz, American jazz saxophonist, born in Encino, California
  • 1963 Ed Pinckney, American NBA forward (Philadelphia 76ers), born in The Bronx, New York

Quentin Tarantino

1963 Quentin Tarantino, American director and screenwriter (Pulp Fiction), born in Knoxville, Tennessee

  • 1963 Randall Cunningham, American NFL quarterback (Philadelphia Eagles, Minnesota Vikings), born in Santa Barbara, California
  • 1963 James Todd Graves, American sport shooter (Olympics 1992, 96), born in Rouston, Louisiana
  • 1963 Xuxa [Maria da Graca Meneghel], Brazilian actress (Xuxa Park), born in Santa Rosa, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil