On This Day

Famous Birthdays on May 23

Philip I

1052 Philip I of France, King of the Franks (1060-1108), born in Champagne-et-Fontaine, France (d. 1108)

  • 1100 Qinzong, last Emperor of Song Dynasty in China, born in China (d. 1161)
  • 1598 Claude Mellan, French engraver, cartoonist and painter, born in Abbeville, France (d. 1688)
  • 1606 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1682)
  • 1617 Elias Ashmole, English antiquarian and collector (Ashmolean Museum), born in Litchfield (d. 1692)
  • 1620 Pieter Neefs, the Younger, Flemish painter, baptized in Antwerp
  • 1644 Thomas Eisenhut, German composer, born in Aursburg, Germany (d. 1702)
  • 1696 Johann Caspar Vogler, German composer and organist, born in Hausen, Schwarzburg-Arnstadt (d. 1763)

Carolus Linnaeus

1707 Carolus Linnaeus [Carl von Linné], Swedish botanist, explorer and the Father of Taxonomy, born in Råshult, Sweden (d. 1778)

  • 1710 François Gaspard Adam, French sculptor (garden sculptures), born in Nancy, France (d. 1761)
  • 1718 William Hunter, Scottish anatomist and physician, born in East Kilbride, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1783)
  • 1729 Giuseppe Parini, Italian prose writer and poet (Il Giorno), born in Bosisio, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1799)
  • 1734 Franz Anton Mesmer, Austrian physician and hypnotist (Mesmerism), born in Iznang, Germany (d. 1815)
  • 1735 Charles Joseph, 7th Prince the Ligne, Belgian fieldmarshal and author, born in Brussels (d. 1814)
  • 1737 Louis François Chambray, French composer, born in Château de Chambray, Evreux, France (d. 1807)
  • 1741 Andrea Lucchesi, Italian composer, born in Motta di Livenza, Italy (d. 1801)
  • 1754 Andrea Appiani, Italian royal painter (Napoleon), born in Milan (d. 1817)
  • 1756 Nicolas-Joseph Hüllmandel, Alsatian composer, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1823)
  • 1759 António da Silva Leite, Portuguese composer, born in Porto, Portugal (d. 1833)
  • 1790 Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer and naval officer, born in Condé-sur-Noireau, France (d. 1842)
  • 1794 Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles, Bohemian composer, born in Prague (d. 1870)
  • 1795 Charles Barry, British architect, born in London (d. 1860)
  • 1799 Thomas Hood, English poet and composer (The Song of the Shirt), born in London (d. 1845)
  • 1810 Margaret Fuller [Ossoli], American feminist and journalist (NY Tribune), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1850)
  • 1812 Henri-François-Alphonse Esquiros, French poet and writer (Les Vierges Folles), born in Paris (d. 1876)
  • 1813 Mason Brayman, American attorney, newspaperman and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1895)
  • 1820 James Buchanan Eads, American engineer and inventor (Eads Bridge-St Louis), born in Lawrenceburg, Indiana (d. 1887)
  • 1820 Lorenzo Sawyer, 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California, born in Le Roy, New York (d. 1891)

Ambrose Burnside

1824 Ambrose Burnside, American soldier, industrialist and politician (Governor of Rhode Island, 1866-69) who popularized sideburns, born in Liberty, Indiana (d. 1881)

  • 1828 Edward Hitchcock Jr., 1st American physical educator (Amherst College), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1911)
  • 1832 Pieter Jan Baptist Carel Robidé van der Aa, Dutch Indologist and geographer, born in Oosterbeek, Netherlands (d. 1887)
  • 1834 Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (d. 1890)
  • 1837 Józef Wieniawski, Polish pianist, composer, conductor and teacher, born in Lublin, Poland (d. 1912)
  • 1837 James Sanks Brisbin, American educator, lawyer, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1892)
  • 1844 `Abdu'l-Bahá, Successor to Prophet of the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1921)
  • 1848 Helmuth J L von Moltke, German general/chief of staff (WWI)
  • 1848 Otto Lilienthal, pioneer aviator
  • 1851 Antoni Stolpe, Polish pianist and composer, born in Pulawy, Poland (d. 1872)
  • 1862 William "Dummy" Hoy, professional baseball player who lived to 99
  • 1865 Epitácio Pessoa, 11th President of Brazil (Minas Gerais Republican: 1919-22), born in Umbuzeiro, Paraíba, Empire of Brazil (d. 1942)
  • 1866 Gustav Aschaffenburg, German psychiatrist/criminalologist
  • 1871 Sigurd Lie, Norwegian composer and conductor, born in Drammen (d. 1904)
  • 1873 Leo Baeck, rabbi/president (World Union for Progressive Judaism)
  • 1875 Alfred P. Sloan, American long-time president and chairman of General Motors (d. 1966)
  • 1879 Dezső Lauber, Hungarian sportsman (d. 1966)
  • 1882 James Gleason, American writer and actor (Bishop's Wife, Flying Fool), born in NYC, New York (d. 1959)

Douglas Fairbanks

1883 Douglas Fairbanks, American actor (The Mark of Zorro, 3 Musketeers, Robin Hood), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1939)

  • 1884 Corrado Gini, Italian sociologist (d. 1965)
  • 1887 Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1963)
  • 1888 Adrian Roland Holst, Dutch poet (Raged & Tired)
  • 1888 Zack Wheat, American Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder (NL batting champion 1918; Brooklyn Superbas / Dodgers / Robins 1909–26), born in Hamilton, Missouri (d. 1972)
  • 1889 Ernst Niekisch, German politician (d. 1967)
  • 1890 Herbert Marshall, English actor (Murder, Razor's Edge, Little Foxes), born in London, England
  • 1890 Virginia Eames, Ft Davis TX, entertainer
  • 1891 Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1892 Rafael Moreno Aranzadi [Pichichi], Spanish soccer forward (5 caps; Athletic Bilbao), born in Bilbao, Spain (d. 1922)
  • 1893 Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1977)
  • 1896 Felix Martin Julius Steiner, German Heer and Waffen-SS officer (d. 1966)
  • 1897 Fred Guy, American jazz banjo player and guitarist (Joseph C. Smith's Orchestra; Duke Ellington's Washingtonians) , born in Burkeville, Virginia (d. 1971)
  • 1898 Frank McHugh, American actor (Going My Way, Front Page, Gold Diggers 1935, Mighty Joe Young), born in Homestead, Pennsylvania (d. 1981)
  • 1898 Joseph H. Hazen, Hollywood lawyer (Warner Brothers), born in Kingston, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1898 Scott O'Dell, American author (d. 1989)

Hans Frank

1900 Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (occupied Poland) who was executed at Nuremberg, born in Karlsruhe, Baden, German Empire (d. 1946)

  • 1901 Edmund Rubbra, English composer (Morning Watch), born in Northampton, England
  • 1902 Mark Lothar, German composer (The Story of the Lazy Bear), born in Berlin (d. 1985)
  • 1903 Walter Reisch, American screenwriter (Ninotchka, Gaslight, Titanic)
  • 1906 Hellmuth Christian Wolff, composer
  • 1907 Kenneth Allen, engineer
  • 1907 Matthew Campbell, British senior civil servant

John Bardeen

1908 John Bardeen, American physicist, electrical engineer and co-inventor of the transistor (Nobel 1956, 1972), born in Madison, Wisconsin (d. 1991)

  • 1908 Max Abramovitz, US architect (Lincoln Center, UN Building)
  • 1909 Edwin Arrowsmith, diplomat
  • 1910 Artie Shaw [Arthur Arshawsky], American bandleader, jazz clarinetist and actor ("Begin the Beguine"), born in NYC, New York (d. 2004)
  • 1910 Franz Jozef Kline, US expressionist painter
  • 1910 Hugh Casson CH, architect
  • 1910 Benjamin "Scatman" Crothers, American singer, musician ("Television Blues"), and actor (Chico and the Man; The Shining), born in Terre Haute, Indiana (d. 1986)
  • 1910 Margaret Wise Brown, American author (d. 1952)
  • 1911 Boris Kremenliev, composer
  • 1911 Melvin M Payne, president (National Geographic Society)

Betty Nuthall

1911 Betty Nuthall, English tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1930), born in Surbiton, England (d. 1983)

  • 1912 David Barran, CEO (Midland Bank, England)
  • 1912 John Payne, American actor (The Restless Gun, Miracle on 34th Street), born in Roanoke, Virginia (d. 1989)
  • 1912 Marius Goring, British actor (Stairway to Heaven, The Red Shoes), born in Isle of Wight, England (d. 1998)
  • 1912 Samuel Curran, vice chancellor (Strathclyde University)
  • 1913 Ian Graeme, major-general
  • 1914 Alec Dickson, founder (VSO)
  • 1914 Barbara Ward, economist/writer (Only One Earth)
  • 1914 Leo Lerman, American writer and editor (Condé Nast Publications), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Travis Kemp, dancer/teacher
  • 1915 Clyde Wiegand, physicist
  • 1916 Jean Françaix, French classical pianist, and composer, born in Le Mans, France (d. 1997)
  • 1916 Margaret Hayden Rector, playwright (living legacy award 1995)
  • 1917 Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist, born in West Hartford, Connecticut (d. 2008)
  • 1918 Robert "Bumps" Blackwell, American band leader, songwriter, and record producer (Little Richard; Sam Cooke), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1985)
  • 1918 Dennis Compton, England cricket batsman & footballer (5,807 Test runs, Arsenal 1950 FA Cup), born in Hendon, England (d. 1997)
  • 1919 Betty Garrett, American stage and screen comedian, singer, dancer, and actress (All In The Family - "Irene"; Laverne & Shirley - "Edna"), born in St Joseph, Missouri (d. 2011)
  • 1919 Robert KJE Antonissen, South African literary
  • 1919 Gayatri Devi, 3rd Maharani consort of Jaipur, India (1940-49), born in London, England (d. 2009)
  • 1919 Ruth Fernández, Puerto Rican singer ("Cuando Vuelvas" - "When You Return"), and politician (Senate-at-large, 1973-81), born in Ponce, Puerto Rico (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Helen O'Connell, American big-band singer (Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra - "Green Eyes"; "Anapola"), and TV host (Today Show, 1956-58), born in Lima, Ohio (d. 1993)
  • 1920 Sid Melton [Sidney Meltzer], American actor (Green Acres, The Danny Thomas Show), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2011)
  • 1921 Humphrey Lyttelton, British jazz trumpeter and bandleader ("Bad Penny Blues"), and broadcaster (BBC2 - Best Of Jazz, 1967-2007; BBC4 - I'm Sorry I Haven't A Clue, 1972-2008), born in Eton, Buckinghamshire (d. 2008)
  • 1921 James [Benjamin] Blish, US/UK, sci-fi author (Hugo, Star Trek Reader)
  • 1921 Loren Tindall, American actor (Meet Me on Broadway, Girl of Limberlost), born in Hastings, Oklahoma (d. 1973)
  • 1921 Montague Modlyn, broadcaster
  • 1921 Sanderson Temple, circuit judge
  • 1923 Alicia de Larrocha, Spanish pianist (Orquesta Sinfonica), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2009)
  • 1923 Nirode Chowdhury, Indian cricket pace bowler (1949-52)
  • 1924 Desmond Carrington, British radio host (The Music Goes Round), born in Bromley (d. 2017)
  • 1924 Michael McCrum, master (Corpus Christi College Cambridge)
  • 1924 Clyde King, American baseball pitcher, coach, manager and executive (Brooklyn Dodgers; New York Yankees), born in Goldsboro, North Carolina (d. 2010)
  • 1925 Joshua Lederberg, American molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1925 Malcolm "Mac" Wiseman, American bluegrass singer, born in Crimora, Virginia (d. 2019)
  • 1928 Nigel Davenport, British actor (Without a Clue, Masada), born in Cambridge, England (d. 2013)
  • 1928 Nina Otkalenko, USSR, 800m runner (9 world records)
  • 1928 Rosemary Clooney, American singer ("Come On-a My House"), and actress (White Christmas), born in Maysville, Kentucky (d. 2002)
  • 1928 Jeannie Carson [Shufflebottom], British-born comedian, actress, singer and dancer (As Long as They're Happy; An Alligator Named Daisy), born in Yorkshire, England
  • 1928 Pauline Julien, Canadian singer-songwriter, social and political activist, born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec (d. 1998)
  • 1929 Joe Modise, South African commandant of Umkhonto we Sizwe (1965- )
  • 1929 Ulla Jacobsson, Swedish actress (Zulu, One Summer of Happiness), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1982)
  • 1930 Richard Anuszkiewicz, American artist 'new wizard of op', born in Erie, Pennsylvania (d. 2020)
  • 1930 Friedrich Achleitner, German poet
  • 1931 Barbara Barrie [Berman], American actress and author (Breaking Away, Barney Miller), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1932 John Lyons, Master (Trinity Hall), born in Cambridge, England
  • 1933 John Browning, American pianist (Leventritt Award, 1956), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2003)
  • 1933 Bruce A Peterson, US test pilot (M2, HL-10)
  • 1933 Gerrit J M Braks, Dutch minister of agriculture & land & fishing (CDA)
  • 1933 Joan Henrietta Collins, actress (Alexis-Dynasty, Bitch), born in London, England
  • 1933 Gary Burden, American artist and pioneer of album cover art (Neil Young; Graham Nash; The Doors), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2018)
  • 1934 Malcolm Gill, deputy head (Bank for Intl Settlements)
  • 1934 Robert Moog, American engineer (Moog synthesizer, Moog Music), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1934 Mason Rudolph, American golfer (Ryder Cup 1971; PGA C'ship 1973 3rd), born in Clarksville, Tennessee (d. 2011)
  • 1935 Juliet Campbell, British ambassador (to Luxembourg)
  • 1935 Lord Grenfell, head of External affairs European office, world bank
  • 1935 Lasse Strömstedt, Swedish writer and actor, born in Gävle, Sweden (d. 2009)
  • 1936 Charles Kimbrough, actor (Murphy Brown)
  • 1936 Douglas John Gorman, businessman
  • 1936 Robert Sangster, horse owner/trainer
  • 1936 Ingeborg Hallstein, German opera singer
  • 1938 John R Miller, (Rep-R-WA, 1985- )
  • 1938 Peter Preston, editor (Guardian)
  • 1938 Graham "Johnny" Ball, British TV personality and mathematics educator (Play School), born in Bristol, England
  • 1939 Michel Colombier, French composer and songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1939 Marvin Stamm, American jazz and session trumpeter, and flugelhorn player (Stan Kenton; Woody Herman; Thad Jones/Mel Lewis; Paul McCartney - "Uncle Albert"), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1941 Jackson Hill, American composer and educator (Voices of Autumn), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • 1941 General Norman Johnson, American soul singer, (Chairmen of the Board - "Give Me Just a Little More Time"), and songwriter ("Patches"; "Want Ads"), born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 2010)
  • 1942 K. Raghavendra Rao, Indian film director
  • 1942 Gabriel Liiceanu, Romanian philosopher
  • 1942 Zalman King, Trenton, New Jersey, actor and director (Wild Orchid), (d. 2012)
  • 1943 Lars-Ake Nilsson, diplomat
  • 1943 Peter Kenilorea, PM Solomon Islands
  • 1944 John Newcombe, Australian tennis player (7 Grand Slam singles, 17 Grand Slam doubles titles), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1944 Giles Smith, TV journalist
  • 1944 Ramon "Tiki" Fulwood, American funk drummer (Parliament-Funkadelic; Miles Davis), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1979)
  • 1945 Elliott Bernerd, English broker/multi-millionaire
  • 1945 Lauren Chapin, actress (Kathy-Father Knows Best)
  • 1945 Misty Morgan, American country keyboardist (duo with Jack Blanchard - "Tennessee Bird Walk"), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2021)
  • 1945 Padmarajan, Indian film director (d. 1991)
  • 1946 Danny Klein, American rock bassist (J Geils Band - "Centerfold"), born in NYC, New York
  • 1946 Frederik de Groot, Dutch actor
  • 1946 H. Paul Shuch, American scientist who coordinated radio amateurs to search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1946 David Graham, Australian golfer (PGA C'ship 1979, US Open 1981), born in Windsor, NSW
  • 1946 Famoudou Don Moye, American jazz percussionist and drummer (Art Ensemble of Chicago), born in Rochester, New York
  • 1947 Ann Hui, director (Boat People)
  • 1947 Bernard Comrie, English linguist
  • 1947 Jane Kenyon, American poet (d. 1995)
  • 1948 Ernesto Marcel, Panamanian boxer (WBA featherweight title 1972-74), born in Colón, Panama (d. 2020)
  • 1949 Alan García, President of Peru (Peruvian Aprista Party: 1985-90, 2006-11), born in Lima, Peru (d. 2019)
  • 1950 Linda Thompson, actress (Hee Haw), born in Memphis, Tennessee

Martin McGuinness

1950 Martin McGuinness, Irish Sinn Féin politician and IRA member, born in Derry, Northern Ireland (d. 2017)

  • 1950 Aleksandr Klepikov, Russian rower (Olympic gold Soviet Union coxed four 1976), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 2021)
  • 1950 William Barr, American lawyer (US Attorney General, 1992-93 and 2019-20), born in New York City

Anatoly Karpov

1951 Anatoly Karpov, Russian chess player (world champion 1975-85, 93-99), born in Zlatoust, Russia

  • 1951 Judy Rodman, American country singer ("Girls Ride Horses Too"), born in Riverside, California
  • 1951 Antonis Samaras, Greek politician
  • 1951 Don Warrington [Donald Williams], Trinidadian-born British actor (Rising Damp), born in Trinidad
  • 1952 Martin Parr, British photographer, born in Epsom, England
  • 1952 'Marvelous' Marvin Hagler, American boxer (undisputed World Middleweight champion 1980-87; second-longest unified C'ship reign in history), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2021)
  • 1952 Deborah Adair, actress (Tracey-Dynasty, Kate-Day of Our Life)
  • 1952 James Mankey, American rock guitarist (Sparks, 1972-73; Concrete Blonde - "Joey"), born in Washington
  • 1952 Anne-Marie David, French singer
  • 1953 Agathe Uwilingiyimana, Prime Minister of Rwanda (1993-94) and one of the 1st female political figures in Africa, born in Nyaruhengeri, Rwanda (d. 1994)
  • 1953 Rick Fenn, British rock guitarist (10cc - "I'm Not In Love"; "The Things We Do for Love"), born in Oxford, England
  • 1955 Dean Friedman, American singer-songwriter (Ariel), born in Paramus, New Jersey
  • 1955 Luka Bloom [Kevin Moore], Irish contemporary folk singer-songwriter and guitarist ("I Need Love"), born in Newbridge, County Kildare, Ireland
  • 1956 Ursula Plassnik, Austrian politician and Minister of Foreign Affairs (2004-8), born in Klagenfurt, Austria
  • 1956 Mark Shaw, New Zealand rugby union flanker (30 caps; Manawatu, Hawke's Bay), born in Palmerston North, New Zealand
  • 1956 Buck Showalter, American baseball manager (AL Manager of the Year 1994, 2004, 14; NY Yankees, Arizona Diamondbacks, Texas Rangers, Baltimore Orioles) and analyst (ESPN, YES network), born in DeFuniak Springs, Florida
  • 1957 Thereza Bazar, British-Canadian singer (Dollar - "Love's Gotta Hold on Me"), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1957 Jimmy McShane, Irish singer (Baltimora - "Tarzan Boy"), born in Derry, Northern Ireland (d. 1995)
  • 1957 Mark Arnold, American actor
  • 1958 Shelly West, Ameican country singer ("Red Hot"; "West by West"), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1958 Thomas Reiter, German cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-22)

Drew Carey

1958 Drew Carey, American actor & comedian (Drew Carey Show), born in Cleveland, Ohio

  • 1958 Mitch Albom, American writer
  • 1958 François Feldman, French singer
  • 1959 Linden Ashby, American actor (Mortal Kombat), born in Atlantic Beach, Florida
  • 1959 Marcella Mesker, Netherlands, tennis star
  • 1959 Robert "Bob" Mortimer, British comedian, podcast presenter, and actor, born in Acklam, England
  • 1959 Ken Peplowski, American swing jazz clarinetist and tenor saxophonist, born in Cleveland, Ohio