On This Day

Famous Birthdays on May 31

  • 1443 Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII and paternal grandmother of King Henry VIII of England, born in Bletsoe Castle, Bedfordshire, England (d. 1509)
  • 1469 Manuel I, King of Portugal (1495-1521) during era of exploration known as "Manuel The Fortunate", born in Alcochete, Portugal (d. 1521)
  • 1472 Erardus van der Mark, prince-bishop of Luik/cardinal
  • 1535 Alessandro Allori, Italian painter and carpet designer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1607)
  • 1557 Feodor I (Fyodor/Theodore Ivanovich), Tsar of Russia (1584-98), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1598)
  • 1640 Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (1669-73), born in Biały Kamień, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1673)
  • 1656 Marin Marais, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1728)
  • 1674 Friedrich Erhard Niedt, German composer, born in Jena, Thuringia, Germany (d. 1708)
  • 1699 Alexander Cruden "Alexander the Corrector", Scottish biblical scholar and eccentric, compiler of a concordance to King James Bible, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1770)
  • 1744 Richard Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish inventor and educationalist, born in Bath, Somerset (d. 1817)
  • 1753 Pierre-Victurnien Vergniaud, French politician and police leader, born in Limoges, France (d. 1793)
  • 1773 Ludwig Tieck, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1853)
  • 1801 Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1877)
  • 1802 Cesare Pugni, Italian composer, born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1870)
  • 1804 Louise Farrenc, French pianist, composer and only female professor at the Paris Conservatory during the 19th century, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • 1810 Horatio Seymour, American politician (18th Governor of New York), born in Onondaga, New York (d. 1886)

  • 1817 Édouard Deldevez, French violinist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1897)
  • 1817 Georg Herwegh, German poet, born in Stuttgart (d. 1875)
  • 1818 John Albion Andrew, American politician (25th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Windham, Massachusetts (d. 1867)

Person of interestWalt Whitman

1819 Walt Whitman, American poet (Leaves of Grass) and volunteer nurse during the Civil War, born in West Hills, New York (d. 1892)

Poet and Nurse Walt Whitman
Poet and Nurse
Walt Whitman
  • 1835 Hijikata Toshizō, Japanese military leader, born in Hino, Tokyo, Japan (d. 1869)
  • 1837 Ernest Daudet, French journalist and writer (White Terror), born in Nîmes, France (d. 1921)
  • 1837 William Henry Fitzhugh Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Arlington House, Virginia (d. 1891)
  • 1837 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, American general and the youngest West Pointer to be Major General, born in Lincolnton, North Carolina (d. 1864)
  • 1838 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Wife at University), born in Skipton, Yorkshire, England (d. 1900)
  • 1852 Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1919)

Person of interestPius XI

1857 Pius XI [Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti], Italian 259th Pope (1922-39), born in Desio, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • 1860 Walter Sickert, Danish-English painter (The Miner), born in Munich (d. 1942)
  • 1861 Emily Bissell, American welfare worker and founder of Christmas Seals, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1948)
  • 1863 Francis Younghusband, British journalist and explorer (1904 British expedition to Tibet), born in Murree, British India (d. 1942)
  • 1866 Vladimir Rebikov, Russian pianist and composer, born in Krasnoyarsk, Siberia, Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1872 Charles Greeley Abbot, American astronomer (Solar Constant), born in Wilton, New Hampshire (d. 1973)
  • 1872 W. Heath Robinson, English illustrator and cartoonist (Don Quixote), born in Islington, England (d. 1944)
  • 1875 Italo Montemezzi, Italian composer (L'amore dei tre re), born in Vigasio, Italy (d. 1952)
  • 1879 Mark Hambourg, Russian-British composer, born in Boguchar, Russia (d. 1960)
  • 1882 Sándor Graf Festetics, Hungarian nobleman and politician, born in Dég, Fejér county, Hungary (d. 1956)

  • 1883 Lauri Kristian Relander, 2nd President of Finland (1925-31), born in Kurkijoki, Finland (d. 1942)
  • 1885 Alois Hudal, Austrian bishop who helped Nazi war criminals escape trial, born in Graz, Austria-Hungary (d. 1963)
  • 1887 Saint-John Perse, French diplomat and poet (Nobel 1960), born in Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe (d. 1975)
  • 1888 Jack Holt, American golddigger and actor (Cat People, San Francisco, Brimstone), born in NYC, New York (d. 1951)
  • 1889 Athene Seyler, British actress (Make Mine Mink), born in London, England (d. 1990)
  • 1892 Gregor Strasser, German political activist and NSDAP-Reich organization leader, born in Geisenfeld, Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1892 Konstatin G Paustovski, Russian author (Bespokojnaja Joenostj) [NS]
  • 1892 Louis Fourestier, composer
  • 1892 Willem Ravelli, baritone singer
  • 1892 Michel Kikoine, Belarus painter (d. 1968)
  • 1892 Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (d. 1968)
  • 1894 Fred Allen, comedian (Fred Allen Radio Show), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1897 Margalo Gillmore, British actress (Skirts Ahoy, High Society), born in London, England (d. 1986)
  • 1898 Johan Brouwer, Dutch pianist/writer/resistance fighter
  • 1898 Norman Vincent Peale, Ohio, clergyman (Power of Positive Thinking)
  • 1899 Ilse Lagner, German antiwar writer, born in Breslau (d. 1987)
  • 1899 Leonid Leonov, Russian writer, born in Moscow (d. 1994)
  • 1900 Helma Wolf-Catz, Dutch author (Undercurrent, Coral Reef)
  • 1901 Alfredo Antonini, American conductor and composer (d. 1983)
  • 1902 Billy Mayerl, composer
  • 1902 Henk Schaer [Hendricus Schaareman], Dutch actor and conductor (Majoor Barbara, Lijmen), born in Delft, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • 1902 Ralph Walter Wood, composer
  • 1905 Florence Desmond, English actress and comedian, born in Islington, London (d. 1993)
  • 1906 Hans Schaeuble, Swiss composer, born in Arosa, Switzerland (d. 1988)
  • 1907 Valston Hancock, British air marshal
  • 1908 Dominic "Don" Ameche, American actor (Cocoon, Trading Places), born in Kenosha, Wisconsin (d. 1993)
  • 1908 Nils Poppe, Swedish actor (the Seventh Seal, Dum-Bom), born in Malmö, Skåne län, Sweden (d. 2000)
  • 1909 Jan Lewando, British director (Marks & Spencer)
  • 1909 Thor Thorvaldsen, Norwegian yachtsman (Olympic gold 1948, 52)
  • 1910 Francis Avery Jones, British gastro-enterologist
  • 1911 Edward Adamson, British artist, 'father of art therapy' and collector, born in Sale, England (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Dave O'Brien [Fronabarger], American actor and writer (Reefer Madness, Kiss Me Kate, 1st Aid), born in Big Spring, Texas (d. 1969)
  • 1912 Henry M "Scoop" Jackson, (Sen-D-Wash)
  • 1912 Martin Schwarzschild, US astronomer (evolution)
  • 1912 Alfred Deller, English countertenor (d. 1979)
  • 1912 Chien-Shiung Wu, Chinese-American experimental physicist (conducted the Wu experiment), born in Liuhe, China (d. 1997)
  • 1913 Peter Gibson, British Rear-Admiral
  • 1914 Akira Ifukube, Japanese composer, best known for his film scores in the Godzilla films, born in Kushiro Hokkaido, Japan (d. 2006)
  • 1915 Barbara Pepper [Marion], American actress (Foreign Correspondent, Green Acres, Rogue Tavern), born in NYC, New York (d. 1969)
  • 1916 Bert Haanstra, Holten Netherlands, director (Fanfare)
  • 1916 John Vivyan, actor (Mr Lucky, Wrong Man, Imitation of Life)
  • 1916 Judy Campbell [Judith Mary Gamble], British actress (Convoy, Bonnie Prince Charlie), born in Grantham, England (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Chet Gierlach, music publisher/composer
  • 1919 Emmanual Tettey Mensah, musician
  • 1920 Edward Bennett Williams, American lawyer/team owner (Washington Redskins, Baltimore Orioles), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1988)
  • 1921 Alida Valli [Baroness Alida von Marckenstein-Frauenberg], Italian actress (The Paradine Case, The Third Man), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2006)
  • 1921 Andrew Grima, British jeweller
  • 1921 Robert Arthur Ley, UK, sci-fi author (Telepath, Power of X)
  • 1921 Howard Reig, American radio and television announcer
  • 1922 Denholm Elliott, actor (Alfie, Raiders of the Lost Ark), born in London, England (d. 1992)
  • 1922 Elisabeth, arch duchess of Austria/princess of Liechtenstein

Person of interestRainier III

1923 Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (1949-2005), born in Monaco (d. 2005)

Prince of Monaco Rainier III
Prince of Monaco
Rainier III
  • 1924 Patricia Roberts Harris, (Rep-D),1st African American woman cabinet member, born in Mattoon, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • 1924 Russell Endean, cricketer (28 Tests for South Africa, handled the ball 1956)
  • 1926 Derek Birley, founding Vice-Chancellor of the University of Ulster

  • 1926 Probir Sen, cricket wicket-keeper (India in late 40's/early 50's)
  • 1926 Martin Peake, 2nd Viscount Ingleby, British peer and business man (d. 2008)
  • 1927 Isabel Stoate, British diplomat
  • 1927 James Eberle, British admiral, director of the Royal Institute of International Affairs)
  • 1927 Michael Sandberg, British CEO (Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corp)
  • 1927 Red Holloway [James], Helena, Arkansas, jazz tenor saxophonist, (d. 2012)
  • 1928 Jacob Lateiner, pianist/professor (Juiliard), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1928 Pankaj Roy, cricketer (Indian opener, 413 partnership w/Vinoo Mankad)
  • 1929 Zoltán Aladár, Transylvanian composer, music critic and teacher (The Goat and the Three Goons), born in Homorodszentmárton, Romania (d. 1978)
  • 1929 Elaine Stewart, American actress and model (The Bad and the Beautiful, Take the High Ground), born in Montclair, New Jersey (d. 2011)
  • 1929 Neil Shaw, British CEO (Tate & Lyle)

Person of interestClint Eastwood

1930 Clint Eastwood, American actor (Dirty Harry)/mayor (Carmel, California), born in San Francisco, California

Actor and Director Clint Eastwood
Actor and Director
Clint Eastwood
  • 1930 William Taylor, British Chairman of Convocation (London University)
  • 1931 John Schrieffer, US physicist (Nobel 1972)
  • 1931 Shirley Verrett, mezzo-soprano (Cassandra-Les Troyens), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1931 Steve Horn, (Rep-R-California)
  • 1931 Huby Heard, singer-songwriter (The God Squad), born in Hamilton, Ohio (d. 2004)
  • 1932 Elizabeth Southey, British CEO (National Fed of Women's Institutes)
  • 1932 George Vallings, British Vice Admiral
  • 1932 Ronald Hampel, British CEO (ICI)
  • 1932 Jay Miner, American microchip designer (d. 1994)
  • 1934 Bent Peter Rasch, Danish canoeist (Olympic gold 1952), born in Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 1934 Jim Hutton, Binghamton NY, actor (Ellery Queen)
  • 1934 Karl-Erik Welin, composer
  • 1935 Bruce Bolton, cricketer (two Tests NZ v England 1959)
  • 1935 Jim Bolger, 35th Prime Minister of New Zealand
  • 1936 Zevulun Hammer, Israeli politician, minister and Deputy Prime Minister of Israel (1996-98), born in Haifa, Mandatory Palestine (d. 1998)
  • 1937 Vladislav Ivanovich Gulyayev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1938 John Prescott, British Labour MP
  • 1938 Peter Yarrow, American singer-songwriter (Peter, Paul & Mary), born in NYC, New York

  • 1938 Johnny Paycheck [Donald Lytle], American country singer (Take This Job and Shove It), born in Greenfield, Ohio (d. 2003)
  • 1939 Charles Drain, American soul singer, born in Eupora, Mississippi (d. 1995)
  • 1939 Terry Waite, English Anglican Church envoy/Lebanese hostage, born in Bollington, Cheshire
  • 1940 August "Augie" Meyers, American singer-songwriter, producer, and record label owner (Sir Douglas Quintet, Texas Tornados), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1940 Elfi Mikesch, cinematographer (Erotique, Out of America, Malina)
  • 1940 Gilbert Shelton, American underground comics illustrator
  • 1941 Gil Morgan, American golfer (Senior Players C'ship 1998, The Tradition 1997, 98), born in Wewoka, Oklahoma
  • 1941 June Clark, British Professor of Nursing (Middlesex U)
  • 1941 Kenneth Cooper, American harpsichordist/professor (Barnard, Bkln), born in NYC, New York
  • 1941 Louis J. Ignarro, American pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1941 William Nordhaus, American economist (Nobel Prize 2018, climate change modelling), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1942 Happy Hairston, NBA star (Cin, Detroit, LA)
  • 1942 John Daniel, British Vice-Chancellor (Open U)
  • 1943 Richard Timothy George Mansfield Parker, 9th Earl of Macclesfield
  • 1943 Joe Namath, American Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterback (Super Bowl 1969; Super Bowl MVP 1969; Pro Bowl 1972; NY Jets), born in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania
  • 1943 Sharon Gless, American actress (Chris Cagney-Cagney & Lacey), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1943 Wayne Carson, country musician and songwriter (Always On My Mind), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2015)
  • 1945 Linda Davies, British Judge
  • 1945 Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German filmmaker and director (Marriage of Maria Braum), born in Bad Worishofen, Bavaria, West Germany (d. 1982)
  • 1945 Bernard Goldberg‎, American journalist
  • 1946 Debbie Moore, founder/CEO (Pineapple Dance Studios)
  • 1946 Steve Bucknor, cricketer (West Indian Test umpire, FIFA referee)
  • 1946 Ted Baehr, American media critic
  • 1947 William H Campbell Jr, rocker
  • 1947 Junior [William] Campbell, Scottish singer and guitarist (Marmalade), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1948 Duncan L Hunter, (Rep-R-CA, 1981- 2009), born in Riverside, California

Person of interestJohn Bonham

1948 John Bonham, English rock drummer (Led Zeppelin), born in Redditch, England (d. 1980)

Drummer John Bonham
John Bonham
  • 1948 Lynda Bellingham, Canadian-born English actress (Sweeney, Scarlet Tunic), born in Montreal, Quebec, (d. 2014)
  • 1948 Svetlana Alexievich, journalist and author (Noble Prize for Literature 2015), born in Stanislav, Ukraine
  • 1948 Mike Edwards [Swami Deva Pramada], musician (ELO), born in London (d. 2010)

  • 1948 Paulinho da Costa, Brazilian percussionist (Thriller, Saturday Night Fever), born in Rio de Janeiro
  • 1949 Steven Kampmann, actor (Kirk-Newhart), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1949 Tom Berenger, actor (Big Chill, Someone to Watch Over Me), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1950 Edward Barker, cartoonist
  • 1950 Gregory Harrison, Catalina California, actor (Trapper John, Logan's Run)
  • 1952 Karl Bartos, German musician (Kraftwerk, Electronic)
  • 1953 Pirkka-Pekka Petelius, Finnish actor
  • 1954 Vicki Sue Robinson, American singer (d. 2000)
  • 1954 Thomas Mavros, Greek footballer
  • 1955 Ben de Lisi, British fashion designer
  • 1955 Laura Baugh, American golfer, writer, broadcaster (LPGA Tour Rookie of the Year 1973), born in Gainesville, Florida
  • 1955 Tommy Emmanuel, Australian-American acoustic guitarist (Stevie's Blues), born in Muswellbrook, New South Wales
  • 1956 Bart van Poppel, Dutch bassist/guitarist/singer (Tambourine)
  • 1956 Yoshiko Sakakibara, Chiba Japan, actress (Sailor Moon, Vampire Hunter)
  • 1956 Fritz Hilpert, German musician and sound engineer (Kraftwerk)
  • 1957 Jim Craig, American hockey goaltender (Olympic gold 1980), born in North Easton, Massachusetts
  • 1957 Stephen Jones, English milliner (John Galliano, Vivienne Westwood), born in the Wirral Peninsula, England
  • 1958 Gary Hallberg, American golfer (3 PGA Tour titles), born in Berwyn, Illinois
  • 1958 Kyle Secor, actor (Tim Bayliss-Homicide), born in Tacoma, Washington
  • 1958 Mkhuseli Jack, South African UDF-leader (consumer boycots)
  • 1960 Chris Elliott, actor/comedian (Get a Life, David Letterman Show), born in NYC, New York
  • 1960 Norm Johnson, NFL place kicker (Seattle Seahawk, Pittsburgh Steelers)
  • 1960 Peter Winterbottom, British rugby player
  • 1961 Lea Thompson, actress (Back to the Future, Caroline In The City)
  • 1962 Corey Hart, Canadian vocalist (Sunglasses at Night), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1962 Joe Orsulak, Glen Ridge NJ, outfielder (Florida Marlins)
  • 1962 Sebastian Koch, German actor
  • 1962 Børge Ousland, Norwegian polar explorer, 1st person to complete solo crossing of the Antarctic, born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1963 Wendy Smith, English rocker (Prefab Sprout-2 Wheels Good), born in Middlesborough, England
  • 1963 Viktor Orbán, Hungarian politician, Prime Minister of Hungary (2010-), born in Székesfehérvár, Hungary

  • 1963 Wesley Willis, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1964 Darryl "DMC" Matthews McDaniels, American Hip Hop musician (Run-DMC), born in NYC, New York
  • 1964 Scotti Hill, rock guitarist (Skid Row-Psycho Love), born in Manhasset, New York
  • 1964 Leonard Asper, Canadian businessman
  • 1965 Annette Renee Peters [nee Hand], 1500/3000 runner, born in Reno, Nevada

Person of interestBrooke Shields

1965 Brooke Shields, American model/actress (Blue Lagoon, Suddenly Susan), born in NYC, New York

Supermodel & Actress Brooke Shields
Supermodel & Actress
Brooke Shields
  • 1966 Roshan Mahanama, cricketer (Sri Lankan opening batsman)
  • 1966 Jeremy Hotz, Canadian stand-up comedian
  • 1967 Kenny Lofton, E Chicago Indiana, outfielder (Cleveland Indians)
  • 1967 Sandrine Bonnaire, Clermont France, actress (Vagabond, Police)
  • 1967 Phil Keoghan, New Zealand television personality
  • 1968 Duane Causwell, NBA center (Miami Heat, Sacramento Kings)
  • 1971 Lenny McGill, NFL cornerback (Atlanta Falcons)
  • 1971 Sarah O'Hare, model (Cosmopolitan-Jan 1994)
  • 1971 Troy Malave, Cumana Venezuela, outfielder (Boston Red Sox)
  • 1972 John Godina, American shot putter (World C'ship gold 1995, 97, 01; Olympic silver 1996), born in Fort Still, Oklahoma
  • 1972 Bryan Walker, safety (Washington Redskins)
  • 1972 Karl Geary, Irish actor
  • 1972 Dave Roberts, American baseball player