On This Day

Famous Birthdays on October 20

  • 1435 Andrea Della Robbia, Italian sculptor, nephew of Luca, born in Florence (d. 1525)
  • 1475 Giovanni Rucellai, Italian poet (Le Api)
  • 1496 Claude de Lutherans, 1st duke of Guise, French general (Battle of Marignano), born in Condé-sur-Moselle, France (d. 1550)
  • 1616 Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (d. 1680)
  • 1620 Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter, born in Dordrecht (d. 1691)

Christopher Wren

1632 Christopher Wren, English astronomer and architect (St. Paul's Cathedral), born in East Knoyle, Wiltshire (d. 1723)

  • 1637 Nicolaas van der Veken, Flemish sculptor (confessional chairs)
  • 1656 Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (d. 1746)
  • 1660 Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (d. 1723)
  • 1677 Stanislaus I Leszczyński, King of Poland (d. 1766)
  • 1679 Samuel von Cocceji, German lawyer, Grand Chancellor of Prussia, born in Heidelberg (d. 1755)
  • 1700 Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans, Duchess of Modena (d. 1761)
  • 1711 Timothy Ruggles, American-born Tory politician (d. 1795)
  • 1719 Gottfried Achenwall, German lawyer, statistician and economist
  • 1740 Belle van Zuylen, Dutch-Swiss writer (Three Women), born at Castle Zuylen near Utrecht (d. 1805)
  • 1759 Chauncey Goodrich, U.S. Senator from Connecticut (d. 1815)
  • 1780 Pauline Bonaparte, Corsican duchess of Parma and Guastalla, sister of Napoleon Bonaparte, born in Ajaccio, Corsica (1825)

Henry John Temple

1784 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, British Prime Minister (1855-58 and 1859-65), born in Westminster, Middlesex (d. 1865)

  • 1785 George Ormerod, English historian and antiquarian (d. 1873)
  • 1788 Philip Knapton, English composer and organist (Caller Herrin), born in York, England (d. 1833)
  • 1792 Anton Bernhard Furstenau, German composer and flutist, born in Münster (d. 1852)
  • 1792 Colin Campbell, Lord Clyde, British army officer (Opium Wars, Sepoy-uprising), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1863)
  • 1808 Karl [Theodor] Andree, German geographer and journalist (Globus)
  • 1812 Austin Flint, American physician and heart research pioneer (Austin heart murmur), born in Petersham, Massachusetts (d. 1886)
  • 1819 Daniel Edgar Sickles, American politician, diplomat and Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1914)
  • 1819 Karol Mikuli, Polish composer and pianist (friend of Chopin), born in Czerniowice, Bukovina (d. 1897)
  • 1819 The Báb, Persian founder of the Bábí Faith, born in Shiraz, Iran (d. 1850)
  • 1820 Benjamin Franklin Cheatham, American Major General in the Confederate Army (let General John M. Schofield escape), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1886)
  • 1820 George Jerrison Stannard, American farmer, teacher, governmental official and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Georgia, Vermont (d. 1886)
  • 1822 Mansfield Lovell, American Major General in Confederate Army (Commander when New Orleans fell), born in the Dictrict of Columbia (d. 1884)
  • 1823 Thomas Hughes, English politician and author (Tom Brown's School Days), born in Uffington (d. 1896)
  • 1832 Constantin Lipsius, German architect (Lipsius-Bau), born in Leipzig (d. 1894)
  • 1843 Victor de Stuers, Dutch art connoisseur
  • 1854 Alphonse Allais, French author/humorist (Pass the Bile)

Arthur Rimbaud

1854 Arthur Rimbaud, French poet and adventurer (Illuminations), born in Charleville, France (d. 1891)

  • 1858 John Burns, English politician and trade Unionist, born in London, England (d. 1943)
  • 1859 George Studd, English cricket batsman (4 Tests; Middlesex), born in Netheravon, Wiltshire, England (d. 1945)

John Dewey

1859 John Dewey, American philosopher, educational theorist and writer (learn by doing), born in Burlington, Vermont (d. 1952)

  • 1864 James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico, born in Franklin County, Missouri (d. 1951)
  • 1867 Fini Henriques, Danish composer & violinist (Vølund Smed), born in Frederiksberg, Denmark (d. 1940)
  • 1871 Frederick Burton, American actor (The Big Trail, One Way Passage), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1957)
  • 1874 Charles Ives, American composer (Holiday Quick Step), born in Danbury, Connecticut (d. 1954)
  • 1877 Josephine McGill, American composer and folksong collector, born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1919)

Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt

1877 Alfred G. Vanderbilt Sr., American businessman and sportsman (New York Central Railway), born in NYC, New York (d. 1915)

Bela Lugosi

1882 Bela Lugosi [Blaskó], Austrian actor (Dracula, Plan 9 From Outer Space), born in Lugos, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1956)

  • 1884 Thomas Chalmers, American opera singer, actor, and filmmaker (Blind Alleys, Outrage), born in NYC, New York (d. 1966)
  • 1889 Margaret Dumont, American actress and Marx Brothers' comic foil (Day at the Races), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1965)
  • 1890 Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton [LeMothe], American jazz pioneer pianist and composer (King Porter Stomp), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1941)

James Chadwick

1891 James Chadwick, English physicist (Nobel 1935 discovered neutron), born in Bollington, Cheshire (d. 1974)

Jomo Kenyatta

1891 Jomo Kenyatta, Kenyan leader and 1st President of Kenya (1963-78), born in Gatundu, Kenya (d. 1978)

  • 1893 Charley Chase, American comedian, actor and director (d. 1940)
  • 1894 Olive Thomas, American actress (The Flapper), born in Charleroi, Pennsylvania (d. 1920)
  • 1895 Rex Ingram, American actor (The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Tarzan of the Apes, The Ten Commandments), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1969)
  • 1897 Yevsei Liberman, Ukrainian Soviet economist (Plan, profit, bonuses), born in Slavuta, Russia (d. 1983)
  • 1897 Yi Un of Korea, last crown prince of Korea, born at Deoksu Palace, Seoul (d. 1970)
  • 1899 Evelyn Brent, American actress (Panama Lady, Last Command), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 1975)
  • 1899 Marnix Gijsen [baron Jan-Albert Goris], Flemish writer (Grote God Pan)
  • 1900 Rodolfo Halffter, Spanish composer, and music critic, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1987)
  • 1900 Wayne Morse, American politician (Senator-(R&D)-Oregon 1945-69), born in Madison, Wisconsin (d. 1974)
  • 1901 Hans-Otto Borgmann, German film composer under the Third Reich, born in Linden, Germany
  • 1902 Addison Richards, American actor (Pentagon, Fighting Seabees), born in Zanesville, Ohio (d. 1964)
  • 1903 John Lodge, American actor (Witchmaker) and politician (79th Governor of Connecticut), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1985)
  • 1904 Anna Neagle, English actress (London Melody, Nurse Edith Cavell), born in London, England (d. 1986)

Tommy Douglas

1904 Tommy Douglas, Canadian politician (Father of Medicare), born in Falkirk, Scotland (d. 1986)

  • 1907 Arlene Francis, American actress and radio and television personality (What's My Line?), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2001)
  • 1908 Stuart Hamblen, American singer and composer (This Ole House), born in Kellyville, Texas (d. 1989)
  • 1909 Sugiyama Yasushi, Japanese Nihonga style painter, and designer, born in Asakusa, (d. 1993)
  • 1911 Will Rogers Jr, American politician (D-Representative 1943-44) writer, political commentator, and actor (Down to Earth), born in NYC, New York (d. 1993)
  • 1913 Angelo Ephrikian, Armenian-Italian composer, born in Treviso, Italy (d. 1982)
  • 1913 Barney Phillips [Bernard Philip Ofner], American actor (Dragnet, Felony Squad), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 1982)
  • 1913 (Louis) "Grandpa" Jones, American country music singer and banjo wizard (Hee-Haw), born in Niagra, Kentucky (d. 1998)
  • 1914 Fayard Nicholas, American tap dancer, one-half of The Nicholas Brothers and actor (The Five Heartbeats), born in Mobile, Alabama (d. 2006)
  • 1915 Giora Schuster, German-Israeli composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 2006)
  • 1917 Efrain Jonckheer, Premier of the Dutch Antilles, born in Curaçao (d. 1987)
  • 1917 Jean-Pierre Melville, French director (A Cop), born in Paris, France
  • 1917 Ken Cranston, English cricketer (England all-rounder captained once in 1948)
  • 1918 Anton Diffring [Alfred Pollack], German character actor (Assignment Vienna), born in Koblenz, Germany (d. 1989)
  • 1918 Robert Lochner, German journalist (help JFK with "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech), born in New York City (d. 2003)
  • 1919 Tracy Hall, American inventor (grew synthetic diamond), born in Ogden, Utah (d. 2008)
  • 1921 Hans Warren, Dutch writer, poet and critic (Secret Diary)
  • 1921 Pierre Laporte, Canadian journalist and statesman (Revolution Script)
  • 1922 John Anderson, American actor (Psycho, Ride the High Country, Legend of Wyatt Earp), born in Clayton, Illinois (d. 1992)
  • 1923 Herschel Bernardi, American actor (Arnie, Voice of Charlie the Tuna, Front), born in NYC, New York (d. 1986)
  • 1923 Joe Minogue, British journalist (Guardian)
  • 1923 Robert Craft, American conductor, writer and friend of Stravinsky, born in Kingston, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1924 Kenneth W. Gatland, British aerospace scientist (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Stanley Booth-Clibborn, British Anglican Bishop of Manchester, born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1925 Art Buchwald, American columnist and author (Have I Ever Lied to You), born in Mt Vernon, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1925 Herman Roelstraete, Belgium composer, born in Lauwe, Belgium (d. 1985)
  • 1925 Tom Dowd, American recording engineer and producer (innovator of multitrack recording), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1925 Roger Hanin, French actor (Navarro), born in Algiers, Algeria (d. 2015)
  • 1925 Theodore Hall, American Physicist and atomic spy for the Soviet Union, born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1926 Ursula Happe, German 200m backstroke swimmer (Olympic gold 1956), born in Free City of Danzig
  • 1927 Oskar Pastior, Romanian-born German writer (Oulipo), born in Sibiu (d. 2006)
  • 1927 Joyce Brothers, American pop psychologist ($64,000 Question, Naked Gun), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1928 Li Peng, Chinese leader, Premier of China (1987-98), born in Shanghai French Concession (d. 2019)
  • 1931 Ken Morrison, English supermarket tycoon (Morrisons), born in Bradford, England (d. 2017)

Mickey Mantle

1931 Mickey Mantle, American Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder (1956 Triple Crown, 20-time All Star), born in Spavinaw, Oklahoma (d. 1995)

  • 1931 Zeke Bratkowski, American NFL quarterback and coach (Green Bay Packers), born in Danville, Illinois (d. 2019)
  • 1931 Jules Eskin, American cellist (Boston Symphony, 1964-2016), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2016)
  • 1932 "Rosey" Roosevelt Brown, American NFL hall of fame tackle (NY Giants), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 2004)
  • 1932 William Christopher, American comedian and actor (Father Mulcahy-M*A*S*H), born in Evanston, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • 1933 Barrie Chase, American dancer and actress (Cape Fear (1962); It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World), born in Kings Point, New York
  • 1934 Eddie Harris, American jazz saxophonist and composer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1996)
  • 1934 Michael Dunn, American actor (House of the Damned, Ship of Fools), born in Shattuck, Oklahoma (d. 1973)
  • 1934 Michiko, empress of Japan, wife of Akihito, Emperor of Japan, first commoner to marry into the Japanese royal family, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1934 Timothy West, English actor (Brass), born in Bradford, England
  • 1935 Jerry Orbach, American actor (Law & Order, Dirty Dancing), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1937 Juan Marichal, Dominican Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (10 × MLB All-Star; NL wins leader 1968; MLB ERA leader 1969; no-hitter 1963; SF Giants), born in Laguna Verde, Dominican Republic
  • 1937 Wanda Jackson, American country singer ("Let's Have a Party"), born in Maud, Oklahoma
  • 1937 Emma Tennant, English writer (Pemberley: or, Pride and Prejudice Continued), born in London (d. 2017)
  • 1938 Iain Macmillan, Scottish Abbey Road photographer, born in Carnoustie, Scotland (d. 2006)
  • 1939 Jay Siegel, American rock bassist (Tokens - "The Lion Sleeps Tonight"), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1939 Raymond Jones, British keyboardist and songwriter, born in Oldham, England
  • 1940 Kathy Kirby, English singer ("Secret Love"), born in Ilford, England (d. 2011)
  • 1940 Robert Pinsky, American poet and Poet Laureate of the United States, born in Long Branch, New Jersey
  • 1942 Earl Hindman, American, actor (Wilson-Home Improvement), born in Bisbee, Arizona
  • 1942 Joe Bourne, American jazz singer ("Upbeat and Sweet"), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1943 Dunja Vejzovic, Croatian soprano, born in Zagreb, Croatia
  • 1944 William Hugh Albright, American composer and musician, born in Gary, Indiana (d. 1998)
  • 1945 Vladimir Kozlov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow (d. 2012)
  • 1945 Ric Lee, British blues-rock drummer (Ten Years After - "Love Like a Man"), born in Mansfield, England
  • 1945 Thomas Pasatieri, American opera composer (Frau Margot), born in New York City
  • 1945 Hector the Bulldog, Warner Bros. cartoon character (Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series), first debuts in "Peck Up Your Troubles"
  • 1946 Elfriede Jelinek, Austrian novelist, poet, and playwright (Nobel Prize for Literature, 2004 -The Piano Teacher), born in Mürzzuschlag, Austria
  • 1946 Lucien Van Impe, Belgian cyclist (winner Tour de France 1976), born in Mere, Belgium
  • 1948 Andrei Suraikin, Russian pairs figure skater (Olympic silver 1972), born in Leningrad, USSR
  • 1948 Robert A. Borski, American politician (Rep-D-PA, 1983-2003), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1949 Valery Borzov, Ukrainian sprinter (Olympic gold 1972), born in Sambir, USSR
  • 1949 Wayne Collett, American 400m runner (Olympic silver 1972), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2010)
  • 1950 Isaac Curtis, NFL wide receiver (Cincinnati Bengals), born in Santa Ana, California
  • 1950 Tom Petty, American classic rock singer and songwriter (Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers - "American Girl"; Traveling Wilburys - "Last Night"; solo -"I Won't Back Down"), born in Gainesville, Florida (d. 2017)
  • 1950 Elodie Lauten [Genevieve Schecroun], French-American composer (The Death of Don Juan), born in Paris (d. 2014)
  • 1951 Al Greenwood, American keyboardist (Foreigner - "Feels Like the First Time"), born in New York City
  • 1951 Leif Pagrotsky, Swedish politician and diplomat, born in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 1951 Claudio Ranieri, Italian football manager (Leicester City) and player, born in Rome
  • 1952 Dave McLelland, Canadian NHL goaltender (Vancouver Canucks), born in Penticton, British Columbia
  • 1952 Melanie Mayron, American actress (30 Something, Car Wash, Missing), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Keith Hernandez

1953 Keith Hernandez, American MLB 1st baseman (St Louis Cardinals, NY Mets), born in San Francisco, California

  • 1953 Bill Nunn, American actor (Do the Right Thing), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2016)
  • 1954 Steve Orich, American orchestrator and composer (Jersey Boys), born in New York City
  • 1954 Günter Müller, German sound artist, improvisor and percussionist, born in Munich, West Germany
  • 1955 Robert ten Brink, Dutch TV host (All you need is love), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 1955 Thomas Newman, American film score composer (The Shawshank Redemption), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1955 David Profumo, English novelist (Bringing the House Down), born in London, England
  • 1955 Aaron Pryor, American welterweight boxing champion, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 2016)

Danny Boyle

1956 Danny Boyle, English film director (Trainspotting; Slumdog Millionaire), born in Manchester, England

  • 1957 Chris Cowdrey, English cricket batsman and captain (6 Tests, 3 ODIs; son of Colin), born in Farnborough, London
  • 1957 Susanna Haavisto, Finnish actress and singer, born in Helsinki, Finland
  • 1958 Dave Krieg, NFL quarterback played 19 seasons, for seven teams (Seattle Seahawks, 1980-91; K.C. Chiefs. 1992-3), born in Iola, Wisconsin
  • 1958 Eric Scott, American actor (Ben in The Waltons), born in Hollywood, California
  • 1958 Ivo Pogorelić, Croatian pianist (1978 Casagrande winner), born in Belgrade, Yugoslavia
  • 1958 Mark King, English rock bassist and vocalist (Level 42 - "Standing in the Light"; "Love Games"), born in Cowes, England
  • 1958 Ricky Byrd, American rocker (Joan Jett & Blackhearts), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1958 Razor Ramon [Scott Hall], American professional wrestler (WWF/WCW/NWA), born in St Mary's County, Maryland
  • 1958 Valerie Faris, American film director (The Cutting Edge, Little Miss Sunshine), born in Los Angeles, county, California
  • 1958 Lynn Flewelling, American fantasy author (Nightrunner series), born in Maine
  • 1958 Viggo Mortensen, American Actor (Lord of the Rings, The Road), born in NYC, New York
  • 1959 Mark Little, Australian actor and comedian (Neighbours), born in Brisbane
  • 1959 Janice McCaffrey, Canadian 10k walker (Olympics 25-92, 96), born in Etobicoke, Ontario
  • 1959 Shuping Wang, Chinese doctor who exposed China's HIV crisis, born in Fugou County, Henan, China (d, 2019)
  • 1960 Brian Hansen, American NFL punter (Pro Bowl 1984; NO Saints, Cleveland Browns, NY Jets), born in Hawarden, Iowa
  • 1960 Konstantin Aseev, Russian chess player (d. 2004)
  • 1960 Lepa Brena 'Yugoslavia’s Madonna', Yugoslav singer, born in Tuzla, Yugoslavia
  • 1961 Ian Rush, Welsh footballer (Liverpool), born in St Asaph, Wales
  • 1961 Michie Tomizawa, Japanese voice actress (Sailor Moon), born in Maruko, Japan
  • 1961 Les Stroud, Canadian survival expert (Survivorman), born in Etobicoke, Ontario
  • 1962 Ray Childress, American NFL defensive tackle/defensive end (Houston Oilers), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1963 Julie Payette, Canadian scientist, astronaut and Governor General (2017-2021), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1963 Navjot Singh Sidhu, Indian politician and cricketer (Indian opening batsman), born in Patiala, Punjab, India
  • 1963 Nikos Tsiantakis, Greek footballer, born in Gorgogyri, Greece

Kamala Harris

1964 Kamala Harris, American lawyer and politician (Vice President United States 2021-present; 1st African-American, Asian-American attorney general of California, born in Oakland, California

  • 1964 Zap Mama [Marie Daulne], Belgian-Congolese Afro-pop and world music singer-songwriter, born in Isiro, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • 1965 Chad Hennings, American NFL defensive tackle (Dallas Cowboys), born in Elberon, Iowa
  • 1965 Mikhail Shtalenkov, Russian NHL goalie (Team Russia, Anaheim Mighty Ducks), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1965 Norman Blake, Scottish musician (Teenage Fanclub), born in Bellshill, North Lanarkshire
  • 1965 William Zabka, American actor (The Karate Kid), born in New York City
  • 1966 Allan Donald, South African cricketer (great South African fast bowler), born in Bloemfontein, South Africa
  • 1966 Fred Coury, American glam rock drummer (Cinderella -"Heartbreak Station"; "Nobody's Fool"), born in Johnston, New York
  • 1966 Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Al-Qaeda leader (d. 2006)
  • 1966 Stefan Raab, German entertainer (TV Total), born in Cologne, West Germany
  • 1966 Patrick J. Volkerding, American founder and maintainer of the Slackware Linux distribution
  • 1967 Harvey Pulliam, American MLB outfielder (Colorado Rockies), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1967 Susan Tulley, English actress (Michelle-EastEnders), born in London, England
  • 1967 Luigi Lo Cascio, Italian actor and director (La città ideale.), born in Palermo, Italy
  • 1967 Luck Mervil, Haitian-Québécois actor and singer-songwriter, born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti
  • 1967 Marco Ngai, Hong Kong actor, born in Hsinchu, Taiwan
  • 1968 Sunny Hostin, American lawyer, journalist and TV host (The View), born in New York City
  • 1969 Chantel Tremitiere, American WNBA guard (Sacramento Monarchs), born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania
  • 1969 Guillermo Perez-Roldan, Argentine tennis player, born in Tandil, Argentina
  • 1969 Herman Moore, American NFL wide receiver (Detroit Lions), born in Danville, Virginia
  • 1969 Juan Gonzalez, Puerto Rican MLB outfielder (Texas Rangers), born in Vega Baja, Puerto Rico
  • 1969 Laurie Daley, Australian rugby league footballer (Canberra Raider), born in Junee, Australia
  • 1969 Kim Suominen, Finnish soccer midfielder (39 caps; TPS, FF Jaro), born in Turku, Finland (d. 2021)
  • 1970 Sander Boschke, Dutch soccer player (FC Twente), born in Lichtenvoorde, Netherlands
  • 1970 Chavo Guerrero, Jr., American professional wrestler, born in El Paso, Texas
  • 1970 Michelle Malkin, American political commentator and author (Fox News), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1971 Dannii Minogue, Australian singer, sister of Kylie Minogue, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1971 Eddie Jones, American NBA guard/forward (LA Lakers), born in Pompano Beach, Florida
  • 1971 Kimberly Po, American tennis player (1991 Futures-Evansville IN), born in Los Angeles, California