On This Day

Stock Exchanges in History

Stock Exchanges: NYSE

Historical Events

  • 1775-02-22 1st US joint stock company (to make cloth) offers shares at 10 cents
  • 1830-03-16 New York Stock Exchange slowest day ever (31 shares traded)
  • 1850-04-25 Paul Julius Reuter sets up carrier-pigeon service, using 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices between Aachen and Brussels
  • 1873-01-11 1st livestock market newspaper published, Drover's Journal, Chicago
  • 1873-05-09 Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralds the Long Depression
  • 1896-05-26 Dow Jones index begins with an average of 12 industrial stocks (closing is 40.94)

Historic Event

1907-10-01 A downturn in the stock market leads to a run on the dollar; US President Theodore Roosevelt later calls on financier J. P. Morgan to help manage the financial crisis

  • 1919-05-12 The Transvaal British Indian Association calls a mass meeting to organise opposition to the proposed Asiatics (Land and Trading) Amendment Act; in the Act, Transvaal Indians are prohibited from owning shares in limited companies
  • 1929-10-29 "Black Tuesday" Wall Street Stock Market crashes triggering the "Great Depression"
  • 1951-05-15 AT&T becomes the 1st US corporation to have a million stockholders after young car salesman Brady Denton purchases 7 shares worth $1,078
  • 1953-03-28 "Stock exchanges open, dikes closed" raises 5,200,000 guilders
  • 1957-03-04 The S&P 500 stock market index is introduced, replacing the S&P 90.
  • 1962-05-28 US stock market drops $20.8 B in 1 day
  • 1963-04-07 Public stock offering of 115,000 shares in Milwaukee Braves withdrawn after only 13,000 shares are sold to 1,600 new investors
  • 1971-02-08 Nasdaq Composite stock market index debuts with 50 companies and a starting value of 100
  • 1973-10-07 Iraq nationalizes Exxon and Mobil shares in Basrah Petroleum Company representing 23.75 percent equity in the company.
  • 1973-11-19 New York stock market takes sharpest drop in 19 years
  • 1975-12-09 Iraq completes nationalization by taking over the BP, CFP, and Shell shares of the Basrah Petroleum Company
  • 1978-04-17 63,500,000 shares traded on NY stock exchange (record)
  • 1980-12-12 Apple makes its initial public offering on the US stock market - 38 years later it would become the first US company valued at over $1 trillion
  • 1982-08-18 1st time NYSE tops 100 M figure, 132.69 M shares traded
  • 1982-08-18 NYSE sets trading record of 132,690,000 shares traded
  • 1984-08-03 365.7 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1984-08-06 203.05 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986-01-02 191.66 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986-01-29 193.8 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986-03-11 187.27 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986-03-12 210.25 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986-03-21 199.22 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986-09-04 189.42 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986-09-11 Dow Jones Industrial Avg suffered biggest 1-day decline ever, plummeting 86.61 points to 1,792.89. 237.57 million shares traded
  • 1986-09-12 240.49 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1987-02-11 British Airways begins trading stocks
  • 1987-10-16 338,500,000 shares traded on NY stock exchange (record)
  • 1987-10-19 Black Monday: Stock markets around the world crash, including the Dow Jones stock index, which falls 508.32 points (22%), 4½ times the previous daily record
  • 1987-10-20 Dow-Jones increases 102.27 pts/608,120,000 shares traded (record)
  • 1989-08-16 A solar flare from the Sun creates a geomagnetic storm that affects micro chips, leading to a halt of all trading on Toronto's stock market.
  • 1993-10-06 Sydney Australia Stock Market index above 2000, for 1st time
  • 2000-03-10 The NASDAQ Composite stock market index peaks at 5132.52, signalling the beginning of the end of the dot-com boom
  • 2008-01-21 Black Monday in worldwide stock markets. FTSE 100 had its biggest ever one-day points fall, European stocks closed with their worst result since 9/11, and Asian stocks drop as much as 15%.
  • 2008-10-24 "Bloody Friday" saw many of the world's stock exchanges experienced the worst declines in their history, with drops of around 10% in most indices.
  • 2012-06-04 Japan's stock market plummets to record lows with the S&P/TOPIX 150 reaching its lowest level since 1983

Historic Event

2013-04-23 A 1% flash crash hits the US stock market after a news agency was hacked and claimed injury to President Obama

  • 2015-08-24 China stock market's "Black Monday", Shanghai Composite loses 8.5%, sending other international markets lower
  • 2016-04-26 CEO of Chobani, Hamdi Ulukaya, announces that he will be giving his employees 10% of the shares in Chobani

Historic Event

2018-01-10 Jeff Bezos becomes the second man worth over $100 billion as his wealth hits $106 billion due to a rise in Amazon's share price

  • 2018-07-26 Facebook has the single worst day of any public company on the stock market - losing 19% or $119 billion market value
  • 2018-11-20 Sell-off in technology stocks leads stock market losses wiping out all 2018 market gains

Historic Event

2019-01-02 Apple CEO Tim Cook blames below expectation Chinese iPhone sales for downturn in company's outlook, rocking international stock markets

  • 2019-06-20 Shares for messaging site Slack start trading on the New York Stock Exchange to give it a valuation of $19.5 billion
  • 2019-07-11 US stock markets reach new records, the Dow tops 27,000 points for the first time and the S&P 500 hits 3,000 points
  • 2021-04-14 Coinbase becomes the first major cryptocurrency company to trade shares on the New York stock exchange

Famous Birthdays

  • 1906-02-09 André Kostolany, stock market expert and speculator (d. 1999)

Famous Deaths

  • 2002-10-03 Robert Krausz, Stock market advisor and investor (b. 1936)