Afghanistan in History

Afghanistan: Kabul

Historical Events

Victory in Battle

1529-05-06 Battle at Gogra: Mughal Emperor Babur beats Afghans and Bengals

  • 1722-03-08 Afghan monarch Mir Mahmud occupies Persia
  • 1760-01-09 Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat
  • 1761-01-14 Third Battle of Panipat: In one of the largest battles of the century, the mostly Muslim Afghani Durrani Empire defeats the mostly Hindu Maratha Empire in Northern India. An estimated 60,000–70,000 were killed in the fighting and about 40,000 Maratha prisoners massacred afterwards.
  • 1841-11-02 Akbar Khan successfully revolts against Shah Shuja in Afghanistan
  • 1842-01-13 Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • 1879-05-16 Treaty of Gandamak to set up Afghan state between Russia & English
  • 1879-10-12 British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 1879-10-19 Afghan's emir Mohammed Yakub forced to resign
  • 1893-11-12 The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan - the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.
  • 1907-08-31 Britain & Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia & Tibet
  • 1919-05-03 Afghanistan Emir Amanoellah begins war against Great Britain
  • 1919-08-08 Treaty of Rawalpindi, British recognise Afghanistan's independence
  • 1919-08-19 After nearly 100 years of British control, Afghanistan declares itself independent
  • 1921-02-26 The USSR signs treaties respecting the integrity of Persia and of Afghanistan
  • 1926-04-22 Persia, Turkey & Afghanistan sign treaties of security
  • 1926-10-16 Mohammed Nadir Khan begins coup in Afghanistan, 1200 killed
  • 1929-01-14 Afghan King Amanullah forced to resign
  • 1929-10-08 Mohammed Nadir Khan occupies Kabul Afghanistan and drives out Habibullah Ghazi
  • 1931-06-24 USSR & Afghanistan sign neutrality treaty
  • 1956-06-09 Heavy earthquake strikes Afghanistan, 400 killed
  • 1959-05-10 Soviet forces arrive in Afghanistan
  • 1965-01-01 The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul.
  • 1971-06-09 Abdul Zahir appointed premier of Afghanistan
  • 1973-07-17 Military coup in Afghanistan; King Mohammad Zahir Shah flees
  • 1978-04-27 Afghanistan revolution (National Day), pro-Russian military coup
  • 1979-02-14 In Kabul, Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police
  • 1979-09-16 Coup in Afghanistan under Hafizullah Amin
  • 1979-12-25 Soviet forces invade Afghanistan to prop up the Communist government, beginning a disastrous and failed ten-year war
  • 1979-12-26 Soviet Special forces take over presidential palace in Kabul, Afghanistan.
  • 1979-12-27 After invading Afghanistan two days earlier Soviet forces pull off a coup in Kabul, killing President Hafizullah Amin
  • 1980-01-03 Babrak Karmal defends the Soviet-backed coup in first public appearance since taking power as President of Afghanistan
  • 1980-02-22 Afghanistan declares martial law
  • 1980-04-13 US and its allies boycott the Summer Olympics in Moscow in protest against Russia's invasion of Afghanistan
  • 1980-09-25 The first congress of the Democratic Youth Organization of Afghanistan held in Kabul.
  • 1982-11-02 Fire in Salung tunnel, Afghanistan, 1,000+ Russians die
  • 1983-05-23 Radio Moscow announcer Vladimir Danchev praises Afghanistan Muslims standing up to Russia; he is removed from the air
  • 1984-04-20 Russian offensive in Panshirvallei Afghanistan
  • 1986-05-04 President Babrak Karmal resigns as party leader of Afghanistan
  • 1986-11-20 Afghanistan President Babrak Karmal flees
  • 1987-11-30 Afghanistan Constitution adopted
  • 1988-04-07 Russia announces it will withdraw its troops from Afghanistan
  • 1988-04-14 USSR, US, Pakistan & Afghanistan sign Afghanistan treaty
  • 1988-05-15 USSR begins withdrawing its 115,000 troops from Afghanistan
  • 1988-08-08 Russian troops begin pull out of Afghanistan after 9 year war
  • 1988-08-29 USSR launches 3 cosmonauts (Valery Polyakav, 1 Afghan) to station Mir
  • 1988-11-03 Pakistan claims it downed Afghan warplane
  • 1989-01-30 The American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan closes.
  • 1991-02-01 Afghanistan and Pakistan hit by earthquake, 1,200 die
  • 1992-04-16 Afghan president Najibullah resigns
  • 1992-06-28 Burharnuddin Rabbani becomes president of Afghanistan
  • 1993-04-27 Afghan Antonov AN-32 crashes at Tashqurgan, kills 76

Historic Event

1993-07-18 Afghan President Ishaq Khan and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif resign

  • 1994-02-20 3 Afghans take 70 Pakistani children hostage
  • 1996-09-27 In Afghanistan, the Taliban capture the capital city Kabul after driving out President Burhanuddin Rabbani and executing former leader Mohammad Najibullah.
  • 1998-02-04 An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter Scale in northeast Afghanistan kills more than 5,000
  • 1998-05-30 A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits northern Afghanistan, killing up to 5,000.
  • 1998-07-20 Two hundred aid workers from CARE International, Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) and other aid groups leave Afghanistan on orders of the Taliban
  • 1998-08-20 U.S. embassy bombings: US military launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania

Historic Event

1998-11-20 Court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania

  • 2001-02-26 The Taliban destroy two giant Buddha statues in Bamyan, Afghanistan.
  • 2001-10-07 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan starts with an air assault and covert operations on the ground
  • 2001-11-11 Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they were traveling on top off.
  • 2001-11-12 Taliban forces abandon Afghanistan's capital Kabul, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance troops
  • 2001-11-14 War in Afghanistan: Afghan Northern Alliance fighters takeover the capital Kabul

Historic Event

2001-12-22 Burhanuddin Rabbani, political leader of the Afghan Northern Alliance, hands over power in Afghanistan to the interim government headed by President Hamid Karzai

  • 2002-03-01 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan as US special operations forces infiltrate the Shahi-Kot Valley in Eastern Afghanistan
  • 2002-03-02 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: US conventional forces first deployed as part of Operation Anaconda
  • 2002-03-04 Multinational Force in Afghanistan: Seven American Special Operations Forces soldiers are killed as they attempt to infiltrate the Shahi Kot Valley on a low-flying helicopter reconnaissance mission.
  • 2002-03-19 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities
  • 2002-04-17 Four Canadian Forces soldiers are killed in Afghanistan by friendly fire from two United States Air Force F-16s, the first deaths in a combat zone for Canada since the Korean War
  • 2003-08-11 NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
  • 2004-01-26 President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan
  • 2006-04-22 Four Canadian soldiers are killed 75 kilometers north of Kandahar, Afghanistan by a roadside bomb planted by Taliban militants, the worst single day combat loss for the Canadian army since the Korean War
  • 2011-04-01 After protests against the burning of the Quran turned violent, a mob attacked a United Nations compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan and killed thirteen people, including eight foreign workers.
  • 2011-08-06 A helicopter containing members of Navy SEAL 6 is shot down in Afghanistan killing 38
  • 2011-11-26 NATO forces in Afghanistan attack a Pakistani checkpoint in a friendly fire incident, killing 24 soldiers and wounding 13 others
  • 2012-03-11 US soldier kills 16 civilians in Afghanistan
  • 2012-03-16 Turkish NATO helicopter crashes into a house killing ten people in the outskirts of Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 2012-05-07 NATO air strike kills 14 and woulds 6 civilians in Afghanistan's Badghis Province
  • 2012-05-27 A NATO airstrike kills a family of eight, including six children, in Afghanistan
  • 2012-06-11 Five people are killed after an ambulance hits a roadside bomb in Afghanistan
  • 2012-06-11 Two earthquakes in Afghanistan trigger landslides that kill more than 80 people
  • 2012-07-08 Roadside car bomb kills 14 civilians in Afghanistan's Kandahar Province
  • 2012-07-14 Suicide bomber attacks a wedding reception and kills 22 people and inures 22 in northern Afghanistan
  • 2012-08-14 46 people are killed and 80 injured after a series of suicide bombings in Afghanistan
  • 2012-08-18 NATO air strikes kill at least 13 militants in Afghanistan
  • 2012-08-26 17 villagers in Afghanistan's Kajaki district are beheaded by an unknown organization
  • 2012-09-01 Two suicide bombings kill 12 people and wound 50 in a NATO base in Afghanistan's Sayed Abad district
  • 2012-09-03 New Zealand announces withdrawal of its forces from Afghanistan
  • 2012-09-08 6 people are killed by a Taliban suicide bombing in Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 2012-09-10 16 people are killed by a suicide bombing in Kunduz, Afghanistan
  • 2012-09-16 8 female civilians are killed by a NATO airstrike in Laghman, Afghanistan
  • 2012-09-19 9 people are killed and 20 wounded by a car bombing in Peshawar, Afghanistan
  • 2012-10-01 3 NATO soldiers and 16 Afghan police are killed by a suicide bombing in Khost, Afghanistan
  • 2012-10-26 41 people are killed and 50 injured by a suicide bombing of a mosque in Maymana, Afghanistan
  • 2012-12-17 10 girls collecting firewood are killed by a mine blast in east Afghanistan
  • 2013-01-26 10 people are killed and 20 are injured by a suicide bombing in Kunduz, Afghanistan
  • 2013-01-27 20 police officers have been killed in a series of bomb attacks in Kandahar, Afghanistan

Famous Birthdays

  • 1006-05-04 Khwaja Abdullah Ansari, The Persian Sufi, born in Herat, Khorasan (now Afghanistan) (d. 1088)
  • 1207-09-30 Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Persian mystic and poet, born in Khorassan, Afghanistan (d. 1273)
  • 1414-11-07 Jami [Mowlanā Nūr Od-dīn ʿabd Or-raḥmān Ebn Aḥmad], Persian poet (Lava’iḥ), born in Minaret of Jam, Afghanistan (d. 1492)
  • 1795-04-05 Henry Havelock, British soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39), born in Bishopwearmouth, County Durham (d. 1857)
  • 1872-07-03 Habibullah Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (1901-19), born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan (d. 1919)
  • 1880-04-10 Mohammed Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan (1929-33), born in Dehra Dun, British India (d. 1933)
  • 1892-06-01 Amanullah, emir/king of Afghanistan (1919-28)
  • 1909-07-18 Mohammed Daoud Khan, 1st President of Afghanistan (1973-78) and Prime Minister of Afghanistan (1953-63), born in Kabul, Afghanistan (d. 1978)
  • 1914-01-04 Mohammed Sahir, shah (Afghanistan)
  • 1929-01-06 Babrak Karmal, Afghani politician installed as President after Soviet invasion, born in Afghanistan (d. 1996)
  • 1934-07-23 Nicholas Barrington, British high commissioner (Pakistan) and author (A passage to Nuristan: exploring the mysterious Afghan hinterland)
  • 1934-12-11 Salim Durani, Indian cricketer (successful Indian batsman of 60's), born in Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 1950-12-02 Amin Saikal, Afghan-Australian academic (politics, history, political economy and international relations of the Middle East and Central Asia), born in Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 1952-10-02 Wahed Wafa, Tajik pop and classical singer, born in Afghanistan

Ahmad Shah Massoud

1953-09-02 Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan political and military leader who fought the Soviet Union and led the Northern Alliance against the Taliban, born in Bazarak, Panjshir, Afghanistan (d. 2001)

Hamid Karzai

1957-12-24 Hamid Karzai, President of Afghanistan (2001-14), born in Kandahar, Afghanistan

  • 1959-01-01 Abdul Ahad Mohmand, Afghanistan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6)
  • 1965-03-04 Khaled Hosseini, Afghan author (The Kite Runner) and physician, born in Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 1973-11-12 Zahir Shah, Afghan cricketer (attention-grabbing Rawalpindi leg-spinner), born in Kunar Province, Afghanistan
  • 1986-03-28 Robert Bowdrie "Bowe" Bergdahl, American soldier held captive in Afghanistan, born in Sun Valley, Idaho
  • 1986-05-29 Valy Hedjasi, Afghan pop singer, born in Maschhad, Iran

Famous Deaths

  • 1857-11-24 Henry Havelock, British soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39), dies at 62
  • 1901-10-01 Abdur Rahman Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (1880-1901)
  • 1919-02-21 Habibullah Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (1901-19), murdered at 46
  • 1933-11-08 Mohammed Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan (1929-33), assassinated at 50 by Abdul Khaliq during a graduation ceremony at a high school in Kabul
  • 1978-04-27 Mohammed Daoud Khan, Afghan politician, murdered at 68
  • 1978-04-28 Mohammed Daoud Khan, 1st President of Afghanistan (1973-78) & Prime Minister of Afghanistan (1953-63), dies at 68
  • 1979-02-14 Adolph Dubs, US ambassador to Afghanistan, murdered
  • 1979-09-16 Nur Mohammed Taraki, Communist president of Afghanistan (1978-79), murdered by order from his successor, Hafizullah Amin, at 62
  • 1979-12-27 Hafizullah Amin, Afghan politician (President of Afghanistan, 1979), killed by Russian forces in a coup during Soviet invasion at 50
  • 1993-02-09 Nasrullah Mansoor, Afghan guerilla leader/governor of Paktia, dies
  • 1995-03-13 Abdul Ali Mazari, Afghan Shiite leader, shot to death
  • 1996-09-27 Mohammad Najibullah, President of Afghanistan (1987-92), executed at 49
  • 1996-12-03 Babrak Karmal, Prime Minister of Afghanistan (1980-81), dies

Ahmad Shah Massoud

2001-09-09 Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan political and military leader who fought the Soviet Union and led the Northern Alliance against the Taliban, is assassinated at 48 in northeastern Afghanistan by al Qaeda-linked suicide bombers disguised as journalists

  • 2005-05-09 Nasrat Parsa, Afghani singer, dies at 36
  • 2005-11-04 Nadia Anjuman, Afghan poet and journalist (b. 1980)
  • 2006-08-20 Bryan Budd, British soldier (Afghanistan), dies at 29
  • 2007-07-23 Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (b. 1914)
  • 2007-11-06 Sayed Mustafa Kazemi, Afghan politician, killed in a bomb attack at 47 or 48
  • 2011-09-20 Burhanuddin Rabbani, President of Afghanistan from 1992 to 1996. (b. 1940)