Afghanistan in History

Afghanistan: Kabul

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 133

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1529-05-06 Battle at Gogra: Mughal Emperor Babur beats Afghans and Bengals

Founder of the Mughal Empire Babur
Founder of the Mughal Empire
  • 1722-03-08 Afghan monarch Mir Mahmud occupies Persia
  • 1760-01-09 Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat
  • 1761-01-07 Battle at Panipat India: Afghan army beats Mahratten
  • 1761-01-14 Third Battle of Panipat between the Marathas and Afghans is fought in India
  • 1841-11-02 Akbar Khan successfully revolts against Shah Shuja in Afghanistan
  • 1842-01-13 Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • 1879-05-16 Treaty of Gandamak to set up Afghan state between Russia & English
  • 1879-10-12 British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 1879-10-19 Afghan's emir Mohammed Yakub forced to resign
  • 1893-11-12 The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan - the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.
  • 1907-08-31 Britain & Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia & Tibet
  • 1919-05-03 Afghanistan Emir Amanoellah begins war against Great Britain
  • 1919-08-08 Treaty of Rawalpindi, British recognise Afghanistan's independence
  • 1919-08-19 Afghanistan declares independence from UK
  • 1921-02-26 The USSR signs treaties respecting the integrity of Persia and of Afghanistan

  • 1921-05-27 After 84 years of British control, Afghanistan achieves sovereignty
  • 1926-04-22 Persia, Turkey & Afghanistan sign treaties of security
  • 1926-10-16 Mohammed Nadir Khan begins coup in Afghanistan, 1200 killed
  • 1929-01-14 Afghan King Amanullah forced to resign
  • 1929-10-08 Mohammed Nadir Khan occupies Kabul Afghanistan and drives out Habibullah Ghazi
  • 1931-06-24 USSR & Afghanistan sign neutrality treaty
  • 1956-06-09 Heavy earthquake strikes Afghanistan, 400 killed
  • 1959-05-10 Soviet forces arrive in Afghanistan
  • 1965-01-01 The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul.
  • 1971-06-09 Abdul Zahir appointed premier of Afghanistan
  • 1973-07-17 Military coup in Afghanistan; King Mohammad Zahir Shah flees
  • 1978-04-27 Afghanistan revolution (National Day), pro-Russian military coup
  • 1979-02-14 In Kabul, Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police
  • 1979-09-16 Coup in Afghanistan under Hafizullah Amin
  • 1979-12-25 Soviet forces invade Afghanistan to prop up the Communist government, beginning a disastrous and failed ten-year war
  • 1979-12-26 Soviet Special forces take over presidential palace in Kabul, Afghanistan.
  • 1979-12-27 After invading Afghanistan two days earlier Soviet forces pull off a coup in Kabul, killing President Hafizullah Amin
  • 1980-01-03 Babrak Karmal defends the Soviet-backed coup in first public appearance since taking power as President of Afghanistan
  • 1980-02-22 Afghanistan declares martial law
  • 1980-04-13 US and its allies boycott the Summer Olympics in Moscow in protest against Russia's invasion of Afghanistan
  • 1980-09-25 The first congress of the Democratic Youth Organization of Afghanistan held in Kabul.
  • 1982-11-02 Fire in Salung tunnel, Afghanistan, 1,000+ Russians die
  • 1983-05-23 Radio Moscow announcer Vladimir Danchev praises Afghanistan Muslims standing up to Russia; he is removed from the air
  • 1984-04-20 Russian offensive in Panshirvallei Afghanistan
  • 1986-05-04 President Babrak Karmal resigns as party leader of Afghanistan

  • 1986-11-20 Afghanistan President Babrak Karmal flees
  • 1987-11-30 Afghanistan Constitution adopted
  • 1988-04-07 Russia announces it will withdraw its troops from Afghanistan
  • 1988-04-14 USSR, US, Pakistan & Afghanistan sign Afghanistan treaty
  • 1988-05-15 USSR begins withdrawing its 115,000 troops from Afghanistan
  • 1988-08-08 Russian troops begin pull out of Afghanistan after 9 year war
  • 1988-08-29 USSR launches 3 cosmonauts (Valery Polyakav, 1 Afghan) to station Mir
  • 1988-11-03 Pakistan claims it downed Afghan warplane
  • 1989-01-30 The American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan closes.

Soviet UnionSoviets Leave Afghanistan

1989-02-15 Soviet military occupation of Afghanistan ends
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Last Soviet troops withdraw from their war in Afghanistan
Last Soviet troops withdraw from their war in Afghanistan
  • 1991-02-01 Afghanistan and Pakistan hit by earthquake, 1,200 die
  • 1992-04-16 Afghan president Najibullah resigns
  • 1992-06-28 Burharnuddin Rabbani becomes president of Afghanistan
  • 1993-04-27 Afghan Antonov AN-32 crashes at Tashqurgan, kills 76
  • 1993-07-18 Afghan President Ishaq Khan and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif resign
  • 1994-02-20 3 Afghans take 70 Pakistani children hostage
  • 1996-09-27 In Afghanistan, the Taliban capture the capital city Kabul after driving out President Burhanuddin Rabbani and executing former leader Mohammad Najibullah.
  • 1998-02-04 An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter Scale in northeast Afghanistan kills more than 5,000
  • 1998-05-30 A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits northern Afghanistan, killing up to 5,000.
  • 1998-07-20 Two hundred aid workers from CARE International, Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) and other aid groups leave Afghanistan on orders of the Taliban
  • 1998-08-20 U.S. embassy bombings: US military launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998-11-20 Court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania

Islamic Militant and Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant and Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 2001-02-26 The Taliban destroy two giant Buddha statues in Bamyan, Afghanistan.
  • 2001-09-09 Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan political and military leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan at 48
  • 2001-10-07 The U.S. invasion of Afghanistan starts with an air assault and covert operations on the ground
  • 2001-11-11 Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they were traveling on top off.
  • 2001-11-12 Taliban forces abandon Afghanistan's capital Kabul, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance troops
  • 2001-11-14 War in Afghanistan: Afghan Northern Alliance fighters takeover the capital Kabul
  • 2001-12-22 Burhanuddin Rabbani, political leader of the Afghan Northern Alliance, hands over power in Afghanistan to the interim government headed by President Hamid Karzai.
  • 2002-03-01 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan as US special operations forces infiltrate the Shahi-Kot Valley in Eastern Afghanistan
  • 2002-03-02 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: US conventional forces first deployed as part of Operation Anaconda
  • 2002-03-04 Multinational Force in Afghanistan: Seven American Special Operations Forces soldiers are killed as they attempt to infiltrate the Shahi Kot Valley on a low-flying helicopter reconnaissance mission.
  • 2002-03-19 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities
  • 2002-04-17 Four Canadian Forces soldiers are killed in Afghanistan by friendly fire from two United States Air Force F-16s, the first deaths in a combat zone for Canada since the Korean War
  • 2003-08-11 NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
  • 2004-01-26 President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.
  • 2006-04-22 Four Canadian soldiers are killed 75 kilometers north of Kandahar, Afghanistan by a roadside bomb planted by Taliban militants, the worst single day combat loss for the Canadian army since the Korean War
  • 2011-04-01 After protests against the burning of the Quran turned violent, a mob attacked a United Nations compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan and killed thirteen people, including eight foreign workers.
  • 2011-08-06 A helicopter containing members of Navy SEAL 6 is shot down in Afghanistan killing 38
  • 2011-11-26 NATO forces in Afghanistan attack a Pakistani checkpoint in a friendly fire incident, killing 24 soldiers and wounding 13 others
  • 2012-03-11 US soldier kills 16 civilians in Afghanistan
  • 2012-03-16 Turkish NATO helicopter crashes into a house killing ten people in the outskirts of Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 2012-05-07 NATO air strike kills 14 and woulds 6 civilians in Afghanistan's Badghis Province
  • 2012-05-27 A NATO airstrike kills a family of eight, including six children, in Afghanistan
  • 2012-06-11 Five people are killed after an ambulance hits a roadside bomb in Afghanistan
  • 2012-06-11 Two earthquakes in Afghanistan trigger landslides that kill more than 80 people
  • 2012-07-08 Roadside car bomb kills 14 civilians in Afghanistan's Kandahar Province
  • 2012-07-14 Suicide bomber attacks a wedding reception and kills 22 people and inures 22 in northern Afghanistan
  • 2012-08-14 46 people are killed and 80 injured after a series of suicide bombings in Afghanistan
  • 2012-08-18 NATO air strikes kill at least 13 militants in Afghanistan
  • 2012-08-26 17 villagers in Afghanistan's Kajaki district are beheaded by an unknown organization
  • 2012-09-01 Two suicide bombings kill 12 people and wound 50 in a NATO base in Afghanistan's Sayed Abad district
  • 2012-09-03 New Zealand announces withdrawal of its forces from Afghanistan
  • 2012-09-08 6 people are killed by a Taliban suicide bombing in Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 2012-09-10 16 people are killed by a suicide bombing n Kunduz, Afghanistan
  • 2012-09-16 8 female civilians are killed by a NATO airstrike in Laghman, Afghanistan
  • 2012-09-19 9 people are killed and 20 wounded by a car bombing in Peshawar, Afghanistan
  • 2012-10-01 3 NATO soldiers and 16 Afghan police are killed by a suicide bombing in Khost, Afghanistan
  • 2012-10-26 41 people are killed and 50 injured by a suicide bombing of a mosque in Maymana, Afghanistan

Famous Birthdays

  • 1006-05-04 Khwaja Abdullah Ansari, The Persian Sufi, born in Herat, Khorasan (now Afghanistan) (d. 1088)
  • 1207-09-30 Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Persian mystic and poet, born in Khorassan, Afghanistan (d. 1273)
  • 1414-11-07 Jami [Mowlanā Nūr Od-dīn ʿabd Or-raḥmān Ebn Aḥmad], Persian poet (Lava’iḥ), born in Minaret of Jam, Afghanistan (d. 1492)
  • 1795-04-05 Henry Havelock, British soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39), born in Bishopwearmouth, County Durham (d. 1857)
  • 1872-07-03 Habibullah Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (1901-19), born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan (d. 1919)
  • 1880-04-10 Mohammed Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan (1929-33), born in Dehra Dun, British India (d. 1933)
  • 1892-06-01 Amanullah, emir/king of Afghanistan (1919-28)
  • 1909-07-18 Mohammed Daoud Khan, 1st President of Afghanistan (1973-78) and Prime Minister of Afghanistan (1953-63), born in Kabul, Afghanistan (d. 1978)
  • 1914-01-04 Mohammed Sahir, shah (Afghanistan)
  • 1929-01-06 Babrak Karmal, Afghani politician installed as President after Soviet invasion, born in Afghanistan (d. 1996)
  • 1950-12-02 Amin Saikal, Afghan-Australian academic
  • 1952-10-02 Wahed Wafa, Tajik singer, born in Afghanistan
  • 1953-09-02 Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan commander and a war hero (d. 2001)
  • 1957-12-24 Hamid Karzai, President of Afghanistan, born in Kandahar, Afghanistan
  • 1959-01-01 Abdul Ahad Mohmand, Afghanistan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6)
  • 1965-03-04 Khaled Hosseini, Afghan author and physician
  • 1986-03-28 Robert Bowdrie "Bowe" Bergdahl, American soldier held captive in Afghanistan, born in Sun Valley, Idaho
  • 1986-05-29 Valy Hedjasi, Afghan singer

Famous Deaths

  • 1857-11-24 Henry Havelock, British soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39), dies at 62
  • 1901-10-01 Abdur Rahman Khan, Emir of Afghanistan
  • 1919-02-21 Habibullah Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (1901-19), murdered at 46
  • 1933-11-08 Mohammed Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan (1929-33), assassinated at 50 by Abdul Khaliq during a graduation ceremony at a high school in Kabul
  • 1978-04-27 Mohammed Daud, premier/president of Afghanistan, murdered
  • 1979-02-14 Adolph Dubs, US ambassador to Afghanistan, murdered
  • 1979-09-16 Nur Mohammed Taraki, president of Afghanistan (1978-79), killed
  • 1979-12-27 Hafizullah Amin, Afghan politician (President of Afghanistan, 1979), killed by Russian forces in a coup during Soviet invasion at 50
  • 1993-02-09 Nasrullah Mansoor, Afghan guerilla leader/governor of Paktia, dies
  • 1995-03-13 Abdul Ali Mazari, Afghan Shiite leader, shot to death
  • 1996-09-27 Mohammad Najibullah, President of Afghanistan (1987-92), executed at 49
  • 1996-12-03 Babrak Karmal, Prime Minister of Afghanistan (1980-81), dies
  • 2005-05-09 Nasrat Parsa, Afghani singer (b. 1969)
  • 2005-11-04 Nadia Anjuman, Afghan poet and journalist (b. 1980)
  • 2006-08-20 Bryan Budd, British soldier (Afghanistan), dies at 29
  • 2007-07-23 Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (b. 1914)
  • 2007-11-06 Sayed Mustafa Kazemi, Afghan politician (b. c1962)
  • 2011-09-20 Burhanuddin Rabbani, President of Afghanistan from 1992 to 1996. (b. 1940)