Albanian History

Historical Events

  • 1443-11-28 Albanian George Kastriotis Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja in Middle Albania from the Ottomans and raise the Albanian flag.
  • 1909-04-13 In Constantinople the primarily Albanian First Army Corps seizes the parliament building and telegraphs offices, forcing the Ottoman statesman Hilmi Pasha to resign
  • 1912-09-15 War between Turkey & Montenegro breaks out in Albania
  • 1912-11-27 Albanian National Flag adopted
  • 1912-11-28 Ismail Qemali declares Albania independent from Turkey in Vlorë
  • 1913-04-22 Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania
  • 1913-05-06 King Nikita I of Montenegro vacates Skoetari, northern Albania
  • 1913-05-30 Treaty of London signed by the Great Powers, the Ottoman Empire and the victorious Balkan League (Serbia, Greece, Kingdom of Bulgaria, and Montenegro) bringing an end to the First Balkan War
  • 1913-07-29 Independence of the Principality of Albania recognized by the Conference of London
  • 1913-08-13 Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.
  • 1913-09-23 Serbian troops march into Albania
  • 1913-12-13 British foreign minister Sir Edward Grey proposes that southern Albania be divided between Greece and Albania with compensation to Greece in the Aegean islands
  • 1914-03-07 Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania
  • 1914-09-03 Prince Wilhelm von Wied leaves Albania
  • 1915-11-24 Serbian leader flees to Albania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923-08-31 Mussolini orders the Greek Government to apologize for the deaths of an Italian general and his staff on the Greco-Albanian border

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1924-12-24 Albania becomes a republic (ex-premier Ahmed Zogoe's coup)
  • 1924-12-27 Albania is declared a dictatorship under Ahmed Beg Zofu
  • 1925-01-21 Albanian parliament announces itself a republic; Ahmed Zogoe president
  • 1925-01-22 Albania Republic proclaimed under President Achmed Zogu
  • 1926-07-30 Albanian boundaries deduced
  • 1926-11-27 Italian & Albania sign peace treaty
  • 1927-03-10 Albania mobilizes due to threats from the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
  • 1928-09-01 Albania becomes a kingdom, with Zogu I as king
  • 1936-11-09 Albanian government of Frasheri falls
  • 1939-04-07 Italy invades Albania
  • 1939-04-08 King Zog I of Albania flees
  • 1939-04-10 Grens mobilization due to Italian invasion in Albania
  • 1940-04-12 Italy annexes Albania
  • 1941-01-03 Italian counter offensive in Albania
  • 1941-02-28 British-Italian dogfight above Albania
  • 1941-11-08 The Albanian Communist Party is founded.
  • 1944-05-24 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania anti fascists
  • 1944-11-29 Albania liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
  • 1945-11-10 General Enver Hoxha becomes leader of Albania
  • 1946-01-11 Enver Hoxha declares People's Rep of Albania with himself dictator
  • 1946-10-22 2 British ships sink near Albania
  • 1949-04-09 UN International Court of Justice holds Albania responsible for incidents in Corfu Channel and awards Britain damages
  • 1955-05-14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1961-02-19 Albania disavows Chinese "Revisionism"
  • 1961-12-10 USSR & Albania break diplomatic relations
  • 1967-02-06 Cultural Revolution in Albania
  • 1968-09-12 Albania announces it is withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact
  • 1968-09-13 Albania leaves Warsaw pact
  • 1970-11-18 Netherlands & Albania form diplomatic relations
  • 1976-12-27 Albania constitution goes into effect
  • 1978-07-13 Albania drops diplomatic relations with People's Republic of China
  • 1981-03-26 Police & Albanian demonstrators battle in Kosovo, Yugoslavia
  • 1985-04-13 Ramiz Alia succeeds Enver Hoxha as party leader of Albania
  • 1991-02-20 A gigantic statue of Albania's long-time dictator, Enver Hoxha, is brought down in the Albanian capital, Tirana, by mobs of angry protesters
  • 1991-03-31 Albania offers 1st multi-party election in 50 years
  • 1991-06-04 1st post WW II non-communist government in Albania
  • 1992-04-04 Sali Berisha becomes president and Alexander Meksi premier of Albania
  • 1997-11-28 First public appearance of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), an ethnic Albanian guerrilla group that fought for the independence of Kosovo from Serbia.
  • 1998-11-28 The people of Albania vote for their new Constitution in a referendum.
  • 1999-01-15 The Racak incident: 45 Albanians in the Kosovo village of Racak are killed by Yugoslav security forces
  • 1999-04-14 NATO mistakenly bombs a convoy of ethnic Albanian refugees - Yugoslav officials say 75 people are killed.
  • 2001-08-01 An agreement is reached on the position of the minority Albanian language in the Republic of Macedonia.
  • 2009-04-01 Croatia and Albania joined NATO
  • 2012-05-21 13 people are killed and 22 people injured after a bus falls 80 metres off a cliff in Albania
  • 2013-09-15 Edi Rama is elected Prime Minister of Albania
  • 2015-05-09 A gun fight erupts in Macedonian town of Kumanovo between police and Albanian separatists adding to the government crisis

Famous Birthdays

  • 1814-11-08 Girolamo/Jeromin de Rada, Albanian poet (Skanderbeku)
  • 1844-01-16 Ismail Qemali, Albanian nationalist (d. 1919)
  • 1846-05-25 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and writer(d. 1900)
  • 1856-07-21 Harry A P Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania)
  • 1882-01-06 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop (d. 1965)
  • 1895-10-08 Zog I, King of Albania (1928-39), born in Burgajet Castle, Ottoman Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1908-10-16 Enver Hoxha, post-war leader of Albania (1944-85)
  • 1913-01-10 Mehmet Shehu, Albanian politician (d. 1981)
  • 1916-08-15 Aleks Çaçi, Albanian writer (That way Myzeqe), born in Palasë, Himara, Albania (d. 1989)
  • 1925-10-18 Ramiz Alia, political leader of Albania
  • 1927-07-19 Jan Myrdal, Swedish writer/journalist (Albania Defiant)
  • 1933-05-07 Nexhmije Pagarusha, Albanian singer
  • 1936-01-27 Ismail Kadare, Albanian author/poet (Dimri i Madh)
  • 1939-03-07 Panajot Pano, Albania's most outstanding football player of the past 50 years born in Durres
  • 1944-10-15 Sali Berisha, President of Albania
  • 1949-11-02 Simon Augustini, Albanian politician
  • 1955-11-28 Adem Jashari, Albanian freedom fighter
  • 1973-07-17 Tony Dovolani, Albanian ballroom dancer
  • 1981-06-20 Ardian Gashi, Albanian-Norwegian footballer
  • 1983-06-16 Armend Dallku, Albanian footballer
  • 1985-07-12 Luiz Ejlli, Albanian singer
  • 1987-05-04 Anjeza Shahini, Albanian singer

Famous Deaths

  • 1468-01-17 Skanderbeg, Albanian leader (b. 1405)
  • 1661-10-31 Mehmed Koprulu, Albanian great vizier of Turkey, dies
  • 1900-10-20 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet (b. 1846)
  • 1903-02-28 Girolamo/Jeromin de Rada, Albanian poet, dies at 88
  • 1920-06-13 Essad Pasja, Albanian military man/minister, murdered at the Versailles Peace Conference
  • 1936-02-03 Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, consort of William of Wied, Prince of Albania (b.1885)
  • 1942-05-05 Qemal Stafa, Albanian politician (b. 1920)
  • 1944-07-19 Harry CA Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania), dies at 87
  • 1949-06-11 Koci Xoxe, Albanian vice-premier, executed
  • 1958-08-13 Otto Witte, acrobat and, purportedly, King of Albania (b. 1868)
  • 1961-04-09 Zog I [Ahmed Zogu], King of Albania (1928-39), dies at 65
  • 1965-03-13 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1981-12-18 Mehmet Shehu, PM Albania (1954-81)/"US-Russ spy", commits suicide
  • 1985-04-11 Enver Hoxha, party leader/premier of Albania, dies at 76
  • 1985-04-14 Enver Hoxha, Albanian leader (1944-85), dies
  • 1997-10-13 Adil Carcani, prime minister of Albania (1982-91), dies
  • 2002-10-22 Queen Geraldina of the Albanians (b. 1915)
  • 2011-10-07 Ramiz Alia, the former communist leader and first president of the Albanian pluralist (b. 1925)
  • 2011-11-30 Leka, Crown Prince of Albania, referred to as King Leka I by Albanian monarchists (b. 1939)