Albanian History

Historical Events

Victory in Battle

0048-07-10 BC Battle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey near the city of Dyrrachium (in what is now Albania)

  • 1443-11-28 Albanian George Kastriotis Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja in Middle Albania from the Ottomans and raise the Albanian flag.
  • 1909-04-13 In Constantinople the primarily Albanian First Army Corps seizes the parliament building and telegraphs offices, forcing the Ottoman statesman Hilmi Pasha to resign
  • 1912-09-15 War between Turkey & Montenegro breaks out in Albania
  • 1912-11-27 Albanian National Flag adopted
  • 1912-11-28 Ismail Qemali declares Albania independent from Turkey in Vlorë
  • 1912-12-17 Albania's de facto independence from the Ottoman Empire is recognized at the London Conference of Ambassadors
  • 1913-04-22 Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania
  • 1913-05-06 King Nikita I of Montenegro vacates Skoetari, northern Albania
  • 1913-05-30 Treaty of London signed by the Great Powers, the Ottoman Empire and the victorious Balkan League (Serbia, Greece, Kingdom of Bulgaria, and Montenegro) bringing an end to the First Balkan War
  • 1913-07-29 Independence of the Principality of Albania recognized by the Conference of London

A Royal Fantasy!

1913-08-13 Otto Witte, German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania

  • 1913-09-23 Serbian troops march into Albania
  • 1913-12-13 British foreign minister Sir Edward Grey proposes that southern Albania be divided between Greece and Albania with compensation to Greece in the Aegean islands
  • 1914-03-07 Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania
  • 1914-09-03 Prince Wilhelm von Wied leaves Albania
  • 1915-11-24 Serbian leader flees to Albania

Historic Event

1923-08-31 Mussolini orders the Greek Government to apologize for the deaths of an Italian general and his staff on the Greco-Albanian border

  • 1924-12-24 Albania becomes a republic (ex-premier Ahmed Zogoe's coup)
  • 1924-12-27 Albania is declared a dictatorship under Ahmed Beg Zofu
  • 1925-01-21 Albanian parliament announces itself a republic; Ahmed Zogoe president
  • 1925-01-22 Albania Republic proclaimed under President Achmed Zogu
  • 1926-07-30 Albanian boundaries deduced
  • 1926-11-27 Italian & Albania sign peace treaty
  • 1927-03-10 Albania mobilizes due to threats from the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
  • 1928-09-01 Albania becomes a kingdom, with Zogu I as king
  • 1936-11-09 Albanian government of Frasheri falls
  • 1939-04-07 Italy invades Albania
  • 1939-04-08 King Zog I of Albania flees after Italy invades
  • 1939-04-10 Grens mobilization due to Italian invasion in Albania
  • 1940-04-12 Italy annexes Albania
  • 1941-01-03 Italian counter offensive in Albania
  • 1941-02-28 British-Italian dogfight above Albania
  • 1941-11-08 The Albanian Communist Party is founded

Historic Event

1944-05-24 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania's anti fascists

  • 1944-11-29 Albania liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
  • 1945-11-10 General Enver Hoxha becomes leader of Albania
  • 1946-01-11 Enver Hoxha declares People's Republic of Albania with himself dictator
  • 1946-10-22 2 British ships sink near Albania
  • 1949-04-09 UN International Court of Justice holds Albania responsible for incidents in Corfu Channel and awards Britain damages
  • 1955-05-14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1961-02-19 Albania disavows Chinese "Revisionism"
  • 1961-12-10 USSR & Albania break diplomatic relations
  • 1967-02-06 Cultural Revolution in Albania
  • 1968-09-12 Albania announces it is withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact
  • 1968-09-13 Albania leaves Warsaw pact
  • 1970-11-18 Netherlands & Albania form diplomatic relations
  • 1976-12-27 Albania constitution goes into effect
  • 1978-07-13 Albania drops diplomatic relations with People's Republic of China
  • 1981-03-26 Police & Albanian demonstrators battle in Kosovo, Yugoslavia
  • 1985-04-13 Ramiz Alia succeeds Enver Hoxha as party leader of Albania
  • 1991-02-20 A gigantic statue of Albania's long-time dictator, Enver Hoxha, is brought down in the Albanian capital, Tirana, by mobs of angry protesters
  • 1991-03-31 Albania offers 1st multi-party election in 50 years
  • 1991-06-04 1st post WW II non-communist government in Albania
  • 1992-04-04 Sali Berisha becomes president and Alexander Meksi premier of Albania
  • 1997-11-28 First public appearance of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), an ethnic Albanian guerrilla group that fought for the independence of Kosovo from Serbia.
  • 1998-11-28 The people of Albania vote for their new Constitution in a referendum.
  • 1999-01-15 The Racak incident: 45 Albanians in the Kosovo village of Racak are killed by Yugoslav security forces
  • 1999-04-14 NATO mistakenly bombs a convoy of ethnic Albanian refugees - Yugoslav officials say 75 people are killed
  • 2001-08-01 An agreement is reached on the position of the minority Albanian language in the Republic of Macedonia
  • 2009-04-01 Croatia and Albania join NATO
  • 2012-05-21 13 people are killed and 22 people injured after a bus falls 80 metres off a cliff in Albania
  • 2013-09-15 Edi Rama is elected Prime Minister of Albania
  • 2015-05-09 A gun fight erupts in Macedonian town of Kumanovo between police and Albanian separatists adding to the government crisis
  • 2019-06-08 Albanian President Ilir Meta cancels nationwide local elections amid constitutional crisis after the opposition refuses to participate until Prime Minister Edi Rama resigns

Famous Birthdays

  • 1814-11-08 Girolamo de Rada, Albanian poet (Skanderbeku), born in Macchia Albanese, Kingdom of Sicily (d. 1903)
  • 1844-01-16 Ismail Qemali, Albanian nationalist (d. 1919)
  • 1846-05-25 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and writer, born in Frashër, Janina Vilayet, Ottoman Empire(d. 1900)
  • 1856-07-21 Harry A P Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania)

Victor Emmanuel III

1869-11-11 Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy (1900-46), Emperor of Ethiopia and King of the Albanians, born in Naples (d. 1947)

  • 1876-03-26 Prince William of Wied, Prince of Albania (1914-25), born in Neuwied, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1882-01-06 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, born in İbriktepe, Turkey (d. 1965)
  • 1895-10-08 Zog I, King of Albania (1928-39), born in Burgajet Castle, Ottoman Empire (d. 1961)

Enver Hoxha

1908-10-16 Enver Hoxha, Albanian post-war communist leader and dictator of Albania (1944-85), born in Gjirokastër, Albania (d. 1985)

Mother Teresa

1910-08-26 Mother Teresa [Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu], Albanian-born Indian nun and founder of Missionaries of Charity (Nobel Peace Prize, 1979), born in Skopje, Ottoman Empire (d. 1997)

  • 1913-01-10 Mehmet Shehu, Albanian politician, born in Çorrush, Albania (d. 1981)
  • 1916-08-15 Aleks Çaçi, Albanian writer (That way Myzeqe), born in Palasë, Himara, Albania (d. 1989)
  • 1925-10-18 Ramiz Alia, political leader of Albania
  • 1927-07-19 Jan Myrdal, Swedish writer and journalist (Albania Defiant), born in Bromma, Stockholm
  • 1933-05-07 Nexhmije Pagarusha, Albanian singer ‘the Nightingale of Kosovo’ and actress, born near Malishevë, Kosovo (d. 2020)
  • 1936-01-27 Ismail Kadare, Albanian author/poet (Dimri i Madh)
  • 1939-03-07 Panajot Pano, Albanian football star known as the "The little Puskás", born in Durrës, Albania (d. 2010)
  • 1944-10-15 Sali Berisha, 41st Prime Minister of Albania (2005-13) and 3rd President of Albania (1992-97), born in Viçidol, Albania
  • 1949-11-02 Simon Augustini, Albanian politician (Vice Chairman of the Albanian Christian Democratic Party of Kosovo (PSHDK)), born in Sojeva, Uroševac, Yugoslavia
  • 1955-11-28 Adem Jashari, Albanian freedom fighter
  • 1973-07-17 Tony Dovolani, Albanian ballroom dancer, born in Prishtina, Kosovo
  • 1976-12-21 Mirela Manjani, Greek javelin thrower, born in Durrës, Albania
  • 1981-06-20 Ardian Gashi, Albanian-Norwegian footballer
  • 1983-06-16 Armend Dallku, Albanian footballer
  • 1985-07-12 Luiz Ejlli, Albanian pop singer (Eurovison, 2006), born in Shkodra, Albania
  • 1987-05-04 Anjeza Shahini, Albanian singer ("The Image of You"), born in Tirana, Albania
  • 1991-05-09 Majlinda Kelmendi, Kosovar-Albanian judoka (Olympic gold 2016), born in Peć, SFR Yugoslavia

Famous Deaths

  • 1468-01-17 Skanderbeg, Albanian leader (b. 1405)
  • 1661-10-31 Mehmed Koprulu, Albanian great vizier of Turkey, dies
  • 1822-02-05 Ali Paşa Tepelenë, known as 'The Lion of Janina", Ottoman Albanian ruler, Pasha of Yanina (1788-1822), dies aged somewhere between 78-82
  • 1900-10-20 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and writer, dies at 54
  • 1903-02-28 Girolamo de Rada, Albanian poet (Skanderbeku), dies at 88
  • 1920-06-13 Essad Pasja, Albanian military man/minister, murdered at the Versailles Peace Conference
  • 1936-02-03 Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, consort of William of Wied, Prince of Albania (b.1885)
  • 1942-05-05 Qemal Stafa, Albanian politician (b. 1920)
  • 1944-07-19 Harry CA Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania), dies at 87
  • 1949-06-11 Koci Xoxe, Albanian vice-premier, executed
  • 1958-08-13 Otto Witte, acrobat and, purportedly, King of Albania (b. 1868)
  • 1961-04-09 Zog I [Ahmed Zogu], King of Albania (1928-39), dies at 65
  • 1965-03-13 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1981-12-18 Mehmet Shehu, PM Albania (1954-81)/"US-Russ spy", commits suicide

Enver Hoxha

1985-04-11 Enver Hoxha, Albanian post-war communist leader and dictator of Albania (1944-85), dies at 76

Mother Teresa

1997-09-05 Mother Teresa [Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu], Albanian born Indian nun and founder of Missionaries of Charity (Nobel Peace Prize, 1979), dies of cardiac arrest at 87

  • 1997-10-13 Adil Carcani, prime minister of Albania (1982-91), dies
  • 2002-10-22 Queen Geraldina of the Albanians (b. 1915)
  • 2011-10-07 Ramiz Alia, the former communist leader and first president of the Albanian pluralist (b. 1925)
  • 2011-11-30 Leka, Crown Prince of Albania, referred to as King Leka I by Albanian monarchists (b. 1939)