Australian History (Part 7)

Historical Events

Events 601 - 700 of 751

  • 2008-08-13 Australian swimmer Stephanie Rice wraps up the medley double at the Beijing Olympics when she swims world record 2:08.45 to win the 200m I/M gold medal
  • 2008-08-14 Australian women's 4 x 200m freestyle relay team of Stephanie Rice, Bronte Barratt, Kylie Palmer & Linda Mackenzie swims world record 7:44.31 to beat China and take the gold medal at the Beijing Olympics
  • 2008-08-14 French swimmer Alain Bernard wins the coveted 100m freestyle gold medal at the Beijing Olympics beating Eamon O'Sullivan of Australia by 0.11
  • 2008-08-15 German swimmer Britta Steffen beats Australian Libby Trickett by 0.04 to win the blue ribband 100m freestyle gold medal at the Beijing Olympics
  • 2008-08-15 American breaststroker Rebecca Soni avenges her defeat to Leisel Jones of Australia in the 100m when she swims world record 2:20.22 to beat Jones in 200m at the Beijing Olympics
  • 2008-08-17 Australian women's 4 x 100m medley relay team of Emily Seebohm, Leisel Jones, Jessicah Schipper & Libby Trickett upset the United States to win the gold medal in world record 3:52.69 at the Beijing Olympics
  • 2008-08-22 Steven Hooker wins the men's pole vault with 5.96m at the Beijing Olympics; Australia's first gold medal in men's athletics since 1968
  • 2008-08-23 The star-studded American women's basketball team led by the likes of Lisa Leslie, Sue Bird & Diana Taurasi win the gold medal at the Beijing Olympics with a convincing 92-65 win over Australia
  • 2008-08-23 Australian diver Matthew Mitcham wins the men's 10m platform gold medal with final dive at the Beijing Olympics; prevents Chinese from winning every diving event; achieves highest score for an individual dive in Olympic history (112.10)
  • 2008-09-13 New Zealand beats Australia, 28-24 in Brisbane to clinch their 4th straight Tri Nations Rugby Series; flyhalf Dan Carter scores a try and lands 4 conversions for the All Blacks
  • 2008-10-27 The banking group BNP Paribas states that Australia is in a risky position with regards to the global financial crisis as foreign liabilities accounted for 60% of the nation's GDP
  • 2008-11-22 13th Rugby League World Cup: New Zealand beats Australia 34-20
  • 2009-02-07 Bushfires in Victoria left 173 dead in the worst natural disaster in Australia's history.
  • 2009-03-14 Canterbury winger Hazem El Masri becomes highest point scorer in Australian Rugby League history; 33rd minute penalty in Bulldogs' 34-12 win over Manly at ANZ Stadium, Sydney takes him to 2,178; Andrew Johns, 2,176
  • 2009-04-03 Australia formally adopts the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
  • 2010-01-03 Phil Taylor successfully defends his PDC World Darts title with a 7–3 victory over Simon Whitlock of Australia in the final in London; Taylor's 13th PDC and 15th overall world championship

  • 2010-05-09 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: South African Tim Clark fires a final round 67 for his first PGA Tour victory, 1 stroke ahead of Robert Allenby of Australia
  • 2010-08-01 Australian Stuart Appleby finishes with an 11-under-59 to win the Greenbrier Classic at White Sulphur Springs, to become only the 5th player and first non-American to break 60 on the PGA Tour
  • 2010-11-13 Australian rock band Powderfinger, perform their last concert at the Brisbane River Stage
  • 2011-04-10 75th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Charl Schwartzel of South Africa birdies the final 4 holes to win his first major title, 2 strokes ahead of Australian pair Adam Scott and Jason Day

Film release premierFilm Premier

2011-04-17 "Thor", directed by Kenneth Branagh, starring Chris Hemsworth and Natalie Portman, premieres in Sydney, Australia

  • 2011-07-24 98th Tour de France won by Cadel Evans of Australia
  • 2011-08-27 Australia claims final Tri Nations Rugby Series with 25-20 win over New Zealand in Brisbane; Argentina's Pumas join competition the following year; series rebranded The Rugby Championship
  • 2011-10-27 The Royal Australian Navy announces that they discovered the wreck of a World War II submarine in Simpson Harbour, Papua New Guinea during Operation RENDER SAFE - it is likely to be Japanese.
  • 2012-02-04 Tens of thousands of people are stranded by floods in the Australian states of New South Wales and Queensland
  • 2012-03-06 9,000 residents are evacuated from Wagga Wagga, Australia, as the Murrimbidgee River threatens to overflow
  • 2012-03-22 Australia's most wanted man, Malcolm Naden, is captured after seven years on the run in Gloucester, New South Wales
  • 2012-06-12 An Australian coroner's report rules that a dingo was responsible for the death of a baby in 1980
  • 2012-06-21 A boat of 200 asylum seekers headed to Australia capsizes and 110 survivors are rescued
  • 2012-12-14 Australian Joel Parkinson wins the 2012 ASP World Tour
  • 2013-01-08 130 wildfires across Australia’s east coast force thousands to evacuate their homes
  • 2013-01-25 Tropical cyclone Oswald makes landfall in Queensland, Australia, causing mass flooding
  • 2013-04-14 77th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Adam Scott wins his first major title and becomes first Australian Masters champion with a 2nd hole sudden death playoff win against Ángel Cabrera
  • 2013-06-26 Kevin Rudd defeats Julia Gillard in a leadership battle to become Australian Prime Minister
  • 2013-07-06 British & Irish Lions Rugby Union team thrash Australia, 41-16 in Sydney for a 2-1 series win, their first against the Wallabies since 1997
  • 2013-09-07 Tony Abbott becomes Prime Minister of Australia after a Liberal-National Coalitions wins the election

  • 2013-09-28 Hawthorn defeats Fremantle to win the 2013 Australian Rules Premiership
  • 2013-11-30 14th Rugby League World Cup: Australia beats New Zealand 34-2
  • 2014-01-28 Peter Cosgrove is named the next Governor-General of Australia
  • 2014-02-09 Australian National University scientists discover the oldest known star at 13.6 billion years old
  • 2014-06-30 Australian entertainer Rolf Harris is convicted of indecent assault in London, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014-10-05 Russell Crowe owned South Sydney Rabbitohs beat Canterbury Bulldogs, 30-6 to break 43 year drought and win National Rugby League (Australia) Premiership

  • 2014-11-30 Australia experiences its hottest spring and second-hottest November recorded
  • 2014-12-03 Australian Rugby star David Pocock is arrested after protesting against a coal mine under construction in an Australian national forest
  • 2015-01-31 Australia defeats South Korea in football to win the 2015 AFC Asian Cup
  • 2015-05-17 Melbourne Victory FC defeats Sydney FC to win the Australian A-League
  • 2015-07-03 Adelaide Crows Australian Rules Football coach Phil Walsh is murdered by his son Cy at his Somerton Park home
  • 2015-08-08 Australia clinches first Rugby Championship with 27-19 win over New Zealand in Sydney; All Blacks skipper Richie McCaw equals Irishman Brian O'Driscoll's record for most capped international player (141)
  • 2015-09-03 Chris the sheep breaks the world record for biggest shorn fleece 40kg (88lb) near Canberra, Australia
  • 2015-09-14 Malcolm Turnbull ousts Tony Abbott as Australian Prime Minister and leader of the ruling Liberal Party
  • 2015-10-03 Host nation England crashes out of Rugby World Cup in pool stage; loses to Australia, 33-13 at Twickenham; Bernard Foley scores 2 tries and kicks 4 penalties & 3 conversions for the Wallabies
  • 2015-10-31 8th Rugby World Cup Final, Twickenham, London: All Blacks fly-half Dan Carter lands 4 penalties and 2 conversions as New Zealand defeats Australia, 34-17
  • 2015-11-02 Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull scraps Knights and Dames from Australia's honours system
  • 2015-11-15 Holly Holm defeats UFC Champion Ronda Rousey in an upset in Melbourne, Australia
  • 2016-05-15 PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: World #1 and reigning PGA Champion Jason Day of Australia leads wire-to-wire to win by 4 strokes ahead of Kevin Chappell
  • 2016-08-06 Australian women's 4 × 100m freestyle relay team of Emma McKeon, Brittany Elmslie, Bronte Campbell & Cate Campbell sets a new world record 3:30.65 to win gold ahead of US and Canada at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics
  • 2016-08-08 Australia beats New Zealand 24-17 to win the inaugural women's sevens rugby gold medal at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics

OlympicsOlympic Gold

2016-08-09 American swimmer Katie Ledecky wins her second gold medal of the Rio de Janeiro Olympics in 1:53.73 in the women's 200m freestyle ahead of Sarah Sjöström of Sweden and Australian Emma McKeon

Swimmer Katie Ledecky
Swimmer
Katie Ledecky
  • 2016-08-10 18 year old Australian Kyle Chalmers creates huge upset when he swims a junior world record 47.58 to win the blue ribband men's 100m freestyle gold medal at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics
  • 2016-08-19 Chloe Esposito of Australia sets Olympic record overall score of 1,372 points to win the women's modern pentathlon in Rio de Janeiro. Élodie Clouvel of France second (1,356 points), Oktawia Nowacka of Poland third (1,349)
  • 2016-09-21 Genomic study finding Australian Aboriginal oldest known civilisation on earth published in "Nature"
  • 2016-10-25 4 killed on a theme park ride at Dreamworld, in Queensland, Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017-01-28 US President Donald Trump and Australian PM Malcolm Turnbull have a contentious phone call over deal for US to take 1,250 refugees

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2017-02-21 Plane crashes into shopping centre in Essendon, Melbourne, Australia killing the five people on board
  • 2017-03-25 Largest banana split ever, at 8,040 metres long, is made in Innisfail, Australia
  • 2017-03-28 World's largest dinosaur footprint at 1.7 metres found in Kimberley, Western Australia
  • 2017-06-29 Vatican treasurer Cardinel George Pell charged with historic sexual offences in Victoria, Australian

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017-07-02 Home town underdog Jeff Horn upsets Manny Pacquiao of the Phillipines on points in a highly controversial WBO welterweight title fight in Brisbane, Australia

  • 2017-07-15 Australian Justine Damond killed by Minneapolis police officer after calling 911 for a disturbance
  • 2017-07-19 Archaeological dig in Kakadu National Park extends Aboriginal peoples time in Australia to 65,000 to 80,000 years ago
  • 2017-07-29 Terrorist plot to bring down a plane averted in Sydney, Australia, 4 arrested
  • 2017-08-14 Parliamentary citizenship scandal deepens in Australia after Barnaby Joyce, Deputy PM revealed to be a New Zealand citizen
  • 2017-08-17 Anti-immigrant One Nation party leader Pauline Hansen is widely criticized for wearing a burqa into the Australian parliament
  • 2017-09-13 Actress Rebel Wilson awarded $4.56 million in damages in libel case against Bauer Media in Melbourne, largest defamation payout in Australia
  • 2017-11-15 Australian postal vote on same-sex marriage revealed - 61% vote yes
  • 2017-12-05 Online store Amazon begins operations in Australia
  • 2017-12-07 Australia's parliament votes to legalize gay marriage
  • 2017-12-12 Australian shopping mall firm Westfield is bought by French property company Unibail-Rodamco for $15.7 billion
  • 2017-12-14 Australian government establishes a Royal Commission into Misconduct in the Banking, Superannuation and Financial Services Industry
  • 2018-01-07 Sydney, Australia has its hottest day for 80 years as Penrith reaches 47.3 degrees
  • 2018-01-09 The first same-sex marriages take place in Australia after legislation passed a month ago
  • 2018-01-18 First drone rescue of swimmers by lifeguards in New South Wales, Australia
  • 2018-03-06 World's oldest message in a bottle found in Western Australia, thrown from German ship Paula 132 years ago (12 June 1886)
  • 2018-03-06 American WWII aircraft carrier USS Lexington rediscovered in Australia's Coral Sea, lost during 1942 Battle of the Coral Sea
  • 2018-03-18 Bushfire in Tathra, New South Wales, Australia, destroys over 70 buildings
  • 2018-03-25 First scheduled non-stop flight between Australia and the UK, leaves Perth for Heathrow airport in London, arrives after 17 hours
  • 2018-04-04 21st Commonwealth Games open in the Gold Coast, Australia
  • 2018-04-30 World's oldest known spider, a female trapdoor, dies after being killed by a wasp sting in Western Australia, aged 43
  • 2018-05-11 Mass murder-suicide in Margaret River, Australia, grandfather shoots six members of his family and himself
  • 2018-05-22 Australian court finds Archbishop of Adelaide Philip Wilson guilty of covering up sexual abuse in 1970s, most senior Catholic priest to be convicted
  • 2018-05-24 World's largest cat-proof fence (44km) completed at Newhaven Wildlife Sanctuary, central Australia to protest endangered species
  • 2018-05-27 Indianapolis 500: Will Power becomes the first Australian driver to win the event
  • 2018-06-16 World Cup: Video Assistant Referee (VAR) technology is used for the first time, awarding France a penalty in 2-1 win over Australia in Kazan
  • 2018-07-17 Australian basketball center Liz Cambage scores 53 points as the Dallas Wings beat the NY Liberty 104-87 to set new WNBA single game scoring record
  • 2018-07-20 Australian businessman James Packer announces he has quit 22 directorships due to mental health issues
  • 2018-07-30 Australian Catholic Archbishop Philip Wilson resigns after being convicted of concealing sexual abuse
  • 2018-08-01 Australian Rugby League's 'Immortals' tally moves to 13 as pre-War stars Dally Messenger, Frank Burge & Dave Brown along with latter day giants Norm Provan & Mal Meninga are added
  • 2018-08-05 Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull declares "now we are a land of droughts" as 99% of New South Wales affected
  • 2018-08-07 Australia's population hits 25 million according to Australian Bureau of Statistics
  • 2018-08-08 Australia's most populous state New South Wales declared 100% in drought

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 601 - 700 of 1,430

  • 1957-11-05 David Moyse, Australian rock vocalist (Air Supply), born in Adelaide, Australia
  • 1957-12-22 Susan Powter, Australian-born American motivational speaker, nutritionist, personal trainer, and author (The Susan Powter Show), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1957-12-28 Anne Sargeant, Australian netballer
  • 1958-02-12 Grant McLennan, Australian musician (The Go-Betweens), born in Rockhampton, Australia (d. 2006)
  • 1958-03-20 Phil Anderson, Australian cyclist
  • 1958-03-22 Joyce Lester, Australian softball catcher (Olympic bronze 1996)
  • 1958-05-11 Peter Antonie, Australian rower (Olympics 1996)
  • 1958-07-04 Kirk Pengilly, Australian rocker (Inxs-Kiss the Dirt), born in Sydney, New South Wales
  • 1958-07-09 Bob Crudgington, Australian softball head coach (Olympic bronze 1996)
  • 1958-08-03 Ana Kokkinos, Greek-Australian film director (The Secret Life of Us), born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1958-08-19 Brendan Nelson, Australian politician
  • 1958-09-06 Nigel Westlake, Australian musician and composer, born in Perth, Australia
  • 1958-10-19 Tiriel Mora, Australian actor
  • 1958-10-30 Stefan Dennis, Australian actor (Neighbours), born in Tawonga, Victoria, Australia
  • 1958-11-14 Lynda Lehmann, Karoonda Australia, canoeist (Olympics 1996)
  • 1958-12-22 Frank Gambale, Australian musician, born in Canberra, Australia
  • 1959-01-08 Paul Hester, Australian drummer, born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2005)
  • 1959-01-31 Anthony LaPaglia, Australian actor (Criminal Justice, Without a Trace), born in Adelaide, Australia
  • 1959-02-12 Sigrid Thornton, Australian actress (Amelia Lawson-Guns of Paradise), born in Canberra, Australia
  • 1959-03-04 Rick Ardon, Australian news presenter
  • 1959-03-27 Andrew Farriss, Australian rock keyboardist (INXS-Kiss the Dirt), born in Perth, Australia
  • 1959-04-24 Malcolm Oastler, Australian engineer (Jaguar Racing), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1959-06-13 Steve Georganas, Australian politician (MP for Adelaide), born in Adelaide, South Australia
  • 1959-08-30 Mark Jackson, Australian rules footballer and actor, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1959-09-04 Kevin Harrington, Australian actor, born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1959-10-06 Robyn Maher, Australian basketball guard (Olympic bronze 1996)
  • 1959-10-17 Mark Peel, Australian historian and academic
  • 1959-10-17 Russell Gilbert, Australian comedian
  • 1959-10-20 Mark Little, Australian actor and comedian (Neighbours), born in Brisbane
  • 1959-11-21 Colin Beashel, Australian star sailor (Olympics 1996)
  • 1959-12-01 Wally Lewis, Australian rugby league five eighth, coach and broadcaster (34 Tests; Queensland 38 games; RL Immortal), born in Brisbane, Australia
  • 1959-12-25 Chris Spice, Australian field hockey coach (Olympics 1996)
  • 1960-01-12 Rob Derksen, Australian baseball head coach (Olympics 1996), born in Hales Corner, Wisconsin (d. 2004)

Person of interestMichael Hutchence

1960-01-22 Michael Hutchence, Australian rock vocalist & actor (INXS, Dogs in Space), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 1997)

  • 1960-01-29 J. G. Thirlwell, Australian-born musician
  • 1960-02-23 Alan Griffin, Australian politician, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1960-03-08 Max Metzker, Australian swimmer
  • 1960-03-15 Phil Walsh, Australian Rules Football wing, coach (murdered by son), born in Hamilton, Victoria (d. 2015)
  • 1960-03-27 Steve Jarvin, Australian soling sailor (Olympics 1996), born in Sydney
  • 1960-04-04 Hugo Weaving, Nigerian-born English-Australian actor (Agent Smith - The Matrix), born in Ibadan, Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria
  • 1960-04-19 Roger Merrett, Australian rules footballer
  • 1960-04-20 Debbie Flintoff-King, Australian athlete (Olympic gold 400m hurdles 1988), born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1960-04-25 Bruce Redman, Australian film producer (Seed), born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1960-05-04 Andrew Denton, Australian television presenter and comedian, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1960-05-12 Lisa Martin, Gawler, South Australia, Australian marathoner (Olympic-silver 1988)
  • 1960-06-05 Margo Lanagan, Australian author
  • 1960-06-30 Murray Cook, Australian children's singer (The Wiggles), born in Cowra, New South Wales, Australia
  • 1960-07-14 Anna Bligh, Australian politician, 1st woman Premier of Queensland (2007-12), born in Warwick, Australia
  • 1960-08-04 Tim Winton, Australian author
  • 1960-09-07 Andrew Voss, Australian television personality (Fox League), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1960-12-04 Glynis Nunn, Australian athlete (Olympic gold heptathlon 1984), born in Toowoomba, Australia
  • 1960-12-05 John Felton, Australian canoeist (Olympics 1996), born in Kyogle, Australia
  • 1961-01-07 Andrew Thomson, Australian politician, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1961-03-02 Simone Young, Australian conductor
  • 1961-03-29 Gary Brabham, Australian auto racer, (British Formula 3000 C'ship 1989), born in London, England
  • 1961-04-12 Magda Szubanski, Australian actress (Kath & Kim), born in Liverpool, Merseyside, England
  • 1961-07-13 Tim Watson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1961-08-03 Ken Wark, Australian field hockey fullback (Olympic 4th/silver-88, 92, 96), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1961-08-10 Jon Farriss, Australian rock vocalist/drummer (INXS-Kiss the Dirt)
  • 1961-08-20 Greg Egan, Australian science fiction and hard science author, born in Perth, Australia
  • 1961-09-06 Simon Reeve, Australian TV presenter and host (Million Dollar Minute), born in Perth, Australia
  • 1961-09-08 Paul Zanetti, Australian political cartoonist, born in Wollongong, Australia
  • 1961-09-29 Julia Gillard, Australian politician, 1st female Prime Minister (2010-2013), born in Barry, Wales
  • 1961-10-01 Gary Ablett Snr, Australian Rules Football forward (All Australian 1992-95; Norm Smith Medal 1989; Coleman Medal 1993-95; Geelong), born in Drouin, Victoria
  • 1961-10-07 Brian Mannix, Australian singer and actor, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1961-10-31 Christine Bridged, Australian European class sailor (Olympics 1996)
  • 1961-11-15 Ian Reid, Australian educator
  • 1961-12-08 Mikey Robins, Australian comedian
  • 1961-12-30 Sue Malaxos, Australian marathoner (Olympics 1996)
  • 1962-01-16 Joel Fitzgibbon, Australian Labor Party politician, born in Bellingen, Australia
  • 1962-02-17 David McComb, Australia, vocalist/songwriter (Triffids)

Person of interestSteve Irwin

1962-02-22 Steve Irwin, Australian naturalist & TV personality (The Crocodile Hunter), born in Melbourne, Victoria (d. 2006)

Naturalist and TV Star Steve Irwin
Naturalist and TV Star
Steve Irwin
  • 1962-03-13 Liane Tooth, Australian field hockey forward (Olympics 1996), born in Sydney, New South Wales
  • 1962-05-13 Paul McDermott, Australian comedian
  • 1962-05-27 Ray Borner, Australian basketball center (Olympics 1984, 88, 92, 96)
  • 1962-07-18 Shaun Micallef, Australian comedian
  • 1962-09-03 Costas Mandylor, Australian-born actor
  • 1962-09-17 Baz Luhrmann, Australian film director
  • 1962-09-26 Steve Moneghetti, Australian marathoner (Olympic 5th 1988, 92, 96), born in Ballarat, Australia
  • 1962-09-26 Peter Foster, Australian career criminal and con man, born in Queensland, Australia
  • 1962-10-17 John Dorge, Australian basketball center (Olympics 1996)
  • 1962-10-21 David Campese, Australian rugby union winger (101 Tests, record 64 tries), born in Queanbeyan, NSW
  • 1962-11-02 Simon Hill, English-Australian football commentator, born in Manchester
  • 1962-11-08 Ron Johnson, Australian baseball hitting coach (Olympics 1996)
  • 1962-11-11 James Morrison [Lloyd], Australian jazz musician (Morrison Brothers Big Bad Band), born in Boorowa, New South Wales, Australia
  • 1962-11-28 Karen Marsden, field hockey goalie (Olympics 1996), born in Perth, Australia
  • 1963-01-07 Craig Shipley, Australian-American baseball infielder (San Diego Padres), born in Parramatta, Australia
  • 1963-01-20 Scott Fisher, Australian basketball forward (Olympics 1996), born in San Jose, California
  • 1963-03-31 Paul Mercurio, Australian actor/dancer
  • 1963-04-20 Brett Edward Garsed, Australian heavy metal artist (Nelson), born in Victoria, Australia
  • 1963-06-12 Warwick Capper, Australian rules footballer, born in Victoria, Australia
  • 1963-06-27 Paul Roos, Australian rules footballer, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1963-07-19 Garth Nix, Australian author (Keys to the Kingdom), born in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 1963-08-04 Andrew Bartlett, Australian politician
  • 1963-08-20 Bruce Hick, Australian rower (Olympics 1996)
  • 1963-09-01 Stephen Kernahan, Australian rules footballer
  • 1964-01-18 Jenny Holliday, Australian softball pitcher (Olympic bronze 1996), born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1964-02-24 Russell Ingall, Australian racing driver
  • 1964-03-03 Duncan Phillips, Australian drummer (Newsboys)

Person of interestElle MacPherson

1964-03-29 Elle MacPherson, Australian supermodel and actress (Sirens), born in Sydney, New South Wales

Supermodel Elle MacPherson
Supermodel
Elle MacPherson

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths