Vienna in History

Historical Events

Historic Event

1192-12-20 Richard the Lionhearted captured in Vienna

  • 1267-05-10 Vienna's church orders all Jews to wear a distinctive garb
  • 1312-04-03 2nd council of Vienna, Knights Templars suppressed
  • 1312-05-06 Pope Clement V closes Council of Vienna
  • 1365-03-12 University of Vienna founded
  • 1396-06-24 Crusaders under Earl of Nevers reach Vienna
  • 1462-11-01 Archduke Albrecht VI van Habsburg occupies Vienna
  • 1485-06-01 Matthias of Hungary takes Vienna from Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III
  • 1515-07-22 First Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland and Holy Roman Empire - rise of the Habsburgs influence

Historic Siege

1529-09-24 Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and his Ottoman troops arrive in Vienna, beginning of the siege

Treaty of Interest

1624-05-08 Hungarian King Bethlen Gabor & Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II sign Treaty of Vienna

  • 1668-02-23 Fire in the Hofburg in Vienna, Emperor Leopold I rescued
  • 1668-07-13 Van Marco Cesti's opera "Il Pomo d'Oro" (the Golden Apple or Tomato) premieres in Vienna
  • 1670-02-14 Roman Catholic Emperor Leopold I chases Jews out of Vienna
  • 1670-07-25 Austrian Emperor Leopold I expels 4,000 Jews from Vienna
  • 1683-07-16 Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa reach Vienna
  • 1683-09-03 Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
  • 1683-09-12 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • 1706-03-08 Vienna's Wiener Stadtbank established

Treaty of Interest

1725-04-30 Emperor Charles VI & King Philip IV of Spain sign Treaty of Vienna

  • 1731-03-16 Treaty of Vienna signed by Prince Eugene of Savoy, Count Sinzendorf and Count Gundacker, Thomas Stahremberg and the British envoy to Vienna, Sir Thomas Robinson.
  • 1731-07-22 Spain signs Treaty of Vienna
  • 1732-02-20 Estates of Holland ratifies Treaty of Vienna
  • 1752-11-11 Theresianische Military Academy opens in Vienna
  • 1762-10-05 Opera "Orfeo Ed Euridice" by Christoph Willibald Gluck is first produced in Vienna in front of Empress Maria Theresa.

Music History

1771-06-02 "Armida", an operatic 'dramma per musica' by Antonio Salieri debuts at the Vienna Burgtheater

  • 1772-02-17 1st Partition of Poland signed in Vienna by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1777-05-13 University library at Vienna opens

Music Premiere

1782-07-16 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera "Die Entführung aus dem Serail" premieres in Vienna with Mozart conducting

  • 1784-04-29 Premiere of Mozart's Violin Sonata in B flat, K.454 at Kärntnerthor Theater in Vienna; violinist Regina Strinasacchi, and Wolfgang Mozart on piano
  • 1785-09-01 Mozart publishes 6th string quartet, opus 10, in Vienna
  • 1786-05-01 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera "Marriage of Figaro" premieres in Vienna with Mozart himself directing
  • 1790-01-26 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera "Cosi Fan Tutte" premieres at the Burgtheater in Vienna, Austria
  • 1791-09-30 Mozart's opera "Magic Flute", with German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder, premieres at Schikaneder's Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna, Austria
  • 1792-02-07 Domenico Cimarosa's opera "Il Matrimonio Segreto" premieres in Vienna

Music History

1792-12-12 In Vienna, Ludwig van Beethoven (22) receives 1st lesson in music composition from Franz Joseph Haydn

Historic Event

1814-10-01 Opening of the Congress of Vienna, redraws Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte

  • 1814-11-01 Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars
  • 1815-06-09 End of the Congress of Vienna: New European political situation is set
  • 1815-11-27 City of Kraków (Poland) declared a free republic state by the Congress of Vienna
  • 1817-01-31 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Ahnfrau" premieres in Vienna
  • 1818-04-21 Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho" premieres in Vienna
  • 1821-03-26 Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premieres in Vienna

Theater Premiere

1823-12-20 Play "Rosamunde, Princess of Cyprus" by Helmina von Chézy with incidental music by Franz Schubert premieres in Vienna

  • 1824-05-07 Ludwig van Beethoven's 9th (Choral) Symphony, often regarded as his greatest work, premieres in Vienna
  • 1825-02-19 Franz Grillparzer's "Konig Ottokars Gluck" premieres in Vienna
  • 1826-03-21 Beethoven's "String Quartet No. 13" in B flat major (Op 130) premieres in Vienna
  • 1827-03-29 20,000 attend Ludwig von Beethovens burial in Vienna
  • 1828-02-28 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Treuer Diener" premieres in Vienna
  • 1834-10-04 Franz Grillparzer's "Der Traum ein Leben" premieres in Vienna
  • 1838-03-06 Franz Grillparzer's "Weh dem, der Lugt" premieres in Vienna
  • 1847-11-25 Opera "Marta" is produced (Vienna)
  • 1848-11-09 Robert Blum, a German revolutionary and MP (Liberal), is executed in Vienna.
  • 1849-11-21 Friedrich Hebbel's "Der Rubin" premieres in Vienna
  • 1861-06-16 Battle of Vienna, Virginia and Secessionville, South Carolina (James Island)
  • 1862-08-21 The Vienna Stadtpark opens its gates.
  • 1864-10-30 Treaty of Vienna signed to end the Second Schleswig War - Denmark loses control of Schleswig to Prussia, and of Holstein to Austria
  • 1865-12-17 Franz Schubert's Symphony No. 8 "Unfinished Symphony" premieres in Vienna with Johann von Herbeck conducting
  • 1867-02-15 Johann Strauss' "Blue Danube" waltz premieres in Vienna
  • 1869-10-01 1st postcards are issued in Vienna, Austria
  • 1870-01-06 The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna)
  • 1872-09-24 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Bruderzwist in Habsburg" premieres in Vienna
  • 1873-05-01 Emperor Franz Joseph opens 5th World's Exposition in Vienna
  • 1873-05-09 Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralds the Long Depression
  • 1874-01-21 Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa" premieres in Vienna
  • 1874-04-05 Johann Strauss Jr's opera "Die Fledermaus" premieres in Vienna

Music Premiere

1877-12-30 Johannes Brahms' 2nd Symphony in D, premieres in Vienna

  • 1881-12-08 Vienna's Ring Theater destroyed by gaslight fire, killing an estimated 384-1000 people
  • 1883-12-02 Johannes Brahms' "3rd Symphony in F" premieres with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
  • 1885-10-24 Johann Strauss' operetta "Zigeunerbaron (Gypsy Baron)" premieres in Vienna
  • 1885-12-02 Opera "Regina di Saba" premieres in Vienna

Historic Event

1886-04-25 Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna

Music Premiere

1892-02-16 Opera "Werther" by Jules Massenet premieres in Vienna

Appointment of Interest

1897-10-08 Emperor Franz Joseph I names Gustav Mahler Director of the Vienna Court Opera

  • 1898-10-01 The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.

Music History

1902-03-18 Arnold Schoenberg's "Verklärte Nacht" premieres in Vienna

  • 1902-11-25 Franz Lehar's opera "Wiener Frauen" premieres in Vienna

Theater Premiere

1902-11-29 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Der arme Heinrich" premieres in Vienna

Music Premiere

1903-02-11 Anton Bruckner's 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna

Historic Event

1908-10-03 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

  • 1908-11-14 Oscar Strauss' musical "Der tapfere Soldat" premieres in Vienna
  • 1909-03-06 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Griselda" premieres in Vienna
  • 1912-06-26 Gustav Mahler's 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna, Austria with Bruno Walter conducting the Vienna Philharmonic

Theater Premiere

1913-10-16 George Bernard Shaw's play "Pygmalion" premieres in Hofburg Theatre in Vienna, Austria

  • 1919-08-04 Hungarian communist leader Béla Kun flees to Vienna after the Hungarian Soviet Republic is overthrown by the Romanian Army

Music Premiere

1919-10-10 Richard Strauss and Hugo van Hofmannsthal's opera "Die Frau ohne Schatten" (The Woman Without A Shadow), premieres in Vienna, Austria

  • 1921-02-27 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 342

  • 1301-07-23 Otto, Duke of Austria and Styria, born in Vienna (d. 1339)
  • 1339-11-01 Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria (1358-65), born in Vienna (d. 1365)
  • 1349-09-09 Albert III, Duke of Austria (1365-95), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1395)
  • 1351-11-01 Leopold III, Duke of Austria (1365-68), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1386)
  • 1377-09-19 Albert IV, Duke of Austria, born in Vienna (d. 1404)
  • 1397-08-16 Albrecht II von Habsburg, King of Bohemia, Hungary and Germany, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1439)
  • 1418-12-18 Albert VI, Archduke of Austria, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1463)
  • 1540-06-03 Charles II Archduke of Austria, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1590)
  • 1552-07-18 Rudolf II von Habsburg, Emperor of Germany (1576-1612), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1612)
  • 1554-07-05 Elisabeth of Austria, Queen consort of France (1570-74), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1592)
  • 1557-02-24 Matthias, Holy Roman emperor (1612-19), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1633-09-08 Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans, born in Vienna (d. 1654)
  • 1643-04-05 Charles V Leopold, Duke of Lorraine and Austrian fieldmarshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1690)
  • 1651-08-06 Johann Michael Zächer, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1712)
  • 1653-11-26 Andreas Anton Schmelzer, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1701)
  • 1654-10-23 Johann Bernhard Staudt, Austrian Jesuit composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1712)
  • 1656-11-03 Georg Reutter, Austrian composer and organist, born in Vienna (d. 1738)
  • 1678-07-26 Joseph I Habsburg, German king and Roman Catholic emperor (1705-11), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1711)

Charles VI

1685-10-01 Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1711-40), born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna (d. 1740)

  • 1699-12-08 Maria Josepha of Austria, Queen consort of Poland (1734-57), born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria (d. 1757)
  • 1701-10-22 Maria Amalia of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress as the spouse of Emperor Charles VII, born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Archduchy of Austria, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1756)
  • 1705-09-24 Leopold Joseph Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1766)
  • 1708-04-06 Johann George Reutter, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1772)
  • 1711-01-29 Giuseppe Bonno, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1788)
  • 1711-02-05 Joseph Umstatt, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1762)
  • 1711-09-17 Ignaz Jakob Holzbauer, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1783)
  • 1717-04-09 Georg Matthias Monn, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1750)
  • 1718-06-27 Wenzel Raimund Pirck, composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1763)
  • 1722-09-14 Joseph Paul Ziegler, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1767)
  • 1723-10-04 Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, Austrian entomologist, born in Vienna (d. 1798)
  • 1724-02-29 Eva Marie Veigel [La Violette], Austrian ballet dancer and wife of actor David Garrick, born in Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1822)
  • 1726-08-26 Karl Kohaut, Austrian composer and lutenist, born in Vienna (d. 1784)
  • 1732-03-31 Franz Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer of the classical period (The Creation; Trumpet Concerto), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1809)
  • 1737-12-08 Robert Kimmerling, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1799)
  • 1738-10-06 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, second child of Francis I Holy Roman Emperor, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1789)
  • 1739-11-02 Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Austrian violinist and composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1799)
  • 1741-03-13 Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (1764-90), born in Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria (d. 1790)
  • 1744-05-04 Marianne Martinez, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1812)

Leopold II

1747-05-05 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1765-90) and Holy Roman Emperor (1790-92), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1792)

  • 1749-04-21 Johann Michael Malzat, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1787)
  • 1752-03-22 Johann Georg Joseph Spangler, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1802)
  • 1752-08-13 Maria Carolina of Austria, Queen of the Two Sicilies, born in Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna (d. 1814)

Marie Antoinette

1755-11-02 Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (1774-92) who allegedly uttered the phrase "let them eat cake", born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1793)

  • 1756-09-08 Anton Teyber, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1822)
  • 1757-10-26 Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (elementary philosophy), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1823)
  • 1758-08-25 Franz Teyber, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1810)
  • 1760-06-26 Johan I Jozef, Monarch of Liechtenstein and fieldmarshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1836)
  • 1763-05-07 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish general and marshal of France, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1813)
  • 1765-06-13 Anton Eberl, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1807)
  • 1768-12-06 Johann Baptist Henneberg, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1822)
  • 1771-04-18 Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1820)
  • 1771-04-29 Matthäus Stegmayer, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1820)
  • 1772-04-01 Ignaz Franz von Mosel, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1844)
  • 1772-12-07 Joseph Franz Maximilian Lobkowitz, Bohemian aristocrat and composer, born in Vienna (d. 1816)
  • 1775-04-08 Adam Albert von Neipperg, Austrian general and Napoleon's wife Marie's lover and later husband, born in Vienna (d. 1829)
  • 1776-08-15 Ignaz von Seyfried, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1841)
  • 1779-07-20 Ignaz Schuster, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1835)
  • 1781-08-09 Michael Umlauf, Austrian violinist, composer and conductor (premiere of Beethoven's 9th), born in Vienna (d. 1842)
  • 1791-01-15 Franz Gillparzer, Austrian tragic dramatist (Golden Fleece), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1872)
  • 1791-02-20 Carl Czerny, Czech-Austrian pianist, composer (Schule der Virtuosen), and teacher, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1857)
  • 1791-07-26 Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, Austrian composer and 6th child of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1844)
  • 1791-12-12 Marie-Louise of Austria, Duchess of Parma and second wife of Napoleon, born in Hofburg, Vienna, Austria (d. 1847)
  • 1793-04-19 Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria (1835-48), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1875)
  • 1793-07-04 Franz Pecháček, Austrian-German composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1840)

Franz Schubert

1797-01-31 Franz Schubert, Austrian composer (Unfinished Symphony), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1828)

  • 1797-07-21 Franz Schoberlechner, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1843)
  • 1798-01-06 Ferdinand Simon Gassner, Austrian composer and music writer, born in Vienna; (d. 1851)
  • 1801-04-12 Joseph Franz Karl Lanner, Austrian composer and violinist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1843)
  • 1801-10-28 Karl Georg Lickl, Austrian pianist, physharmonica (type of harmonium) player, and composer, born in Vienna (d. 1877)
  • 1802-01-13 Eduard von Bauernfeld, comedic playwright, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1802-04-13 Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist, born in Vienna (d. 1884)
  • 1803-01-06 Henri Herz, Austrian pianist and composer, born in Vienna (d. 1888)
  • 1803-04-14 Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1887)
  • 1805-08-18 Josef Danhauser, Austrian painter (Mutterliebe), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1845)
  • 1805-08-23 Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman, born in Lichtental, Vienna, Austria (d. 1893)
  • 1806-04-29 Ernst Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austrian physician and philosopher, born in Vienna (d. 1849)
  • 1808-01-12 Paul "the Great" Taglioni, ballet choreographer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1809-11-22 Benedict Augustin Morel, Austrian-French psychologist (dementia praecox), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1873)
  • 1812-06-28 Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1905)
  • 1815-10-25 Philipp Fahrbach the Elder, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1885)
  • 1816-10-29 Ferdinand II, German prince of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry and King of Portugal (1837-53), born in Palais Coburg, Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1885)
  • 1816-11-29 Carl Binder, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1860)
  • 1817-08-03 Archduke Albrecht of Austria, Duke of Teschen (Battle at Custozza), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1895)
  • 1819-05-18 Julius Hopp, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1885)
  • 1822-01-30 Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1899)
  • 1825-10-25 Johann Baptist Strauss Jr., Austrian composer (Waltz King), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1899)
  • 1826-03-23 [Aloysius] Ludwig Minkus, Austrian violinist, and ballet composer (La Bayadère), born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1917)
  • 1826-12-21 Ernst Pauer, Austrian composer and pianist, born in Vienna (d. 1905)

Franz Joseph I

1830-08-18 Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia (1848-1916), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1916)

Maximilian I

1832-07-06 Maximilian I of Mexico, Austrian archduke and the 1st and only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire (1864-67), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1867)

  • 1836-11-08 Milton Bradley, American business magnate and game manufacturer, born in Vienna, Maine (d. 1911)
  • 1841-04-25 Pauline Lucca, Austrian operatic soprano, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1908)
  • 1842-01-15 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1925)
  • 1842-04-29 Carl Millöcker, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1899)
  • 1842-07-04 Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austrian sociologist and general, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1904)
  • 1843-05-02 Karl Michael Ziehrer, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1922)
  • 1844-02-20 Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (thermodynamics), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1906)
  • 1844-10-24 Karl Lueger, Austrian politician, cofounder and leader of the Austrian Christian Social Party, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1910)
  • 1844-10-29 Albert Salomon Anselm von Rothschild, Austrian banker and member of the Rothschild banking family of Austria, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1911)
  • 1846-05-29 Albert Apponyi, Hungarian politician (Minister of Religion and Education of Hungary), born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1933)

Famous Weddings

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

1782-08-04 Musician Wolfang Amadeus Mozart (26) weds Constanze Weber in St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna, Austria

  • 1902-03-09 Austrian composer Gustav Mahler (41) marries Alma Schindler (22) in Vienna, Austria

Kim Philby

1934-02-24 High-ranking member of British intelligence Kim Philby (22) weds communist Litzi Friedmann in Vienna, Austria

  • 1978-06-30 English prince Michael marries baroness Marie-Christine von Reibnitz in Vienna, Austria
  • 1978-11-17 Gerald Lascelles, British aristocrat and son of Princess Mary weds 2nd wife Elizabeth Collingwood in Vienna

Famous Deaths

  • 1522-08-11 Martin Siebenborger, mayor of Vienna, beheaded
  • 1696-06-17 John [Jan] III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96), Victor at Battle Vienna over Turks (1683) dies at 66
  • 1723-04-05 J Fischer von Erlach, Austrian architect (Hofburg, Vienna), dies at 66
  • 1820-03-15 Clemens Maria Hofbauer, patron saint of Vienna (b. 1751
  • 1910-03-10 Karl Lueger, Austrian politician, cofounder and leader of the Austrian Christian Social Party, dies at 65
  • 1945-04-03 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • 1954-05-16 Clemens Krauss, Austrian conductor (Vienna State Opera), dies at 61
  • 1973-09-29 W. H. Auden, Anglo-American poet (The Age of Anxiety), dies at 66
  • 1977-11-11 Greta Keller, Vienna-born cabaret singer and actress (b. 1903)
  • 1980-08-11 Willi Forst, Austrian actor and director (Bel Amis, Operette, Vienna Blood), dies at 77
  • 1982-05-02 Helmut Dantine, Austrian-American actor (Shadow of the Cloak), dies of a heart attack at 64
  • 1989-04-24 Franz Binder, Austrian soccer striker and manager (19 caps Austria, 9 caps Germany; Rapid Vienna), dies at 77
  • 1989-05-20 Anton Diffring [Alfred Pollack], German character actor (Assignment Vienna), dies at 70
  • 1993-11-16 Lucia Popp, Czech/Austria soprano (Vienna Opera), dies at 54
  • 1995-07-16 Stephen Spender, English poet and critic (Vienna, Edge of Darkness), dies at 86
  • 2004-03-13 Franz König, Austrian Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1905)