Vienna in History

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1192-12-20 Richard the Lionhearted captured in Vienna

  • 1267-05-10 Vienna's church orders all Jews to wear a distinctive garb
  • 1312-04-03 2nd council of Vienna, Knights Templars supressed
  • 1312-05-06 Pope Clement V closes Council of Vienna
  • 1365-03-12 University of Vienna founded
  • 1396-06-24 Crusaders under Earl of Nevers reach Vienna
  • 1462-11-01 Archduke Albrecht VI van Habsburg occupies Vienna
  • 1485-06-01 Matthias of Hungary takes Vienna from Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III
  • 1515-07-22 First Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland and Holy Roman Empire - rise of the Habsburgs influence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1529-09-24 Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and his Ottoman troops arrive in Vienna, beginning of the siege

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1624-05-08 Hungarian King Bethlen Gabor & Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II sign Treaty of Vienna
  • 1668-02-23 Fire in the Hofburg in Vienna, Emperor Leopold I rescued
  • 1668-07-13 Van Marco Cesti's opera "Il Pomo d'Oro" (the Golden Apple or Tomato) premieres in Vienna
  • 1670-02-14 Roman Catholic Emperor Leopold I chases Jews out of Vienna
  • 1670-07-25 Austrian Emperor Leopold I expels 4,000 Jews from Vienna
  • 1683-07-16 Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa reach Vienna

  • 1683-09-03 Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
  • 1683-09-12 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • 1706-03-08 Vienna's Wiener Stadtbank established
  • 1725-04-30 Emperor Charles VI & King Philip IV of Spain sign Treaty of Vienna
  • 1731-03-16 Treaty of Vienna signed by Prince Eugene of Savoy, Count Sinzendorf and Count Gundacker, Thomas Stahremberg and the British envoy to Vienna, Sir Thomas Robinson.
  • 1731-07-22 Spain signs Treaty of Vienna
  • 1732-02-20 Estates of Holland ratifies Treaty of Vienna
  • 1752-11-11 Theresianische Military Academy opens in Vienna
  • 1762-10-05 Opera "Orfeo Ed Euridice" by Christoph Willibald Gluck is first produced in Vienna in front of Empress Maria Theresa.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1771-06-02 "Armida", an operatic 'dramma per musica' by Antonio Salieri debuts at the Vienna Burgtheater

Composer Antonio Salieri
Composer
Antonio Salieri
  • 1772-02-17 1st Partition of Poland signed in Vienna by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1777-05-13 University library at Vienna opens

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1782-07-16 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera "Die Entführung aus dem Serail" premieres in Vienna with Mozart conducting

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792-12-12 In Vienna, Ludwig van Beethoven (22) receives 1st lesson in music composition from Franz Joseph Haydn


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1814-10-01 Opening of the Congress of Vienna, which redrew Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1814-11-01 Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars
  • 1815-06-09 End of the Congress of Vienna: New European political situation is set
  • 1815-11-27 City of Kraków (Poland) declared a free republic state by the Congress of Vienna
  • 1817-01-31 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Ahnfrau" premieres in Vienna
  • 1818-04-21 Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho" premieres in Vienna
  • 1821-03-26 Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premieres in Vienna

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1823-12-20 Play "Rosamunde, Princess of Cyprus" by Helmina von Chézy with incidental music by Franz Schubert premieres in Vienna

Composer Franz Schubert
Composer
Franz Schubert
  • 1824-05-07 Ludwig van Beethoven's 9th (Chorale) Symphony, premieres in Vienna, often regarded as his greatest work
  • 1825-02-19 Franz Grillparzer's "Konig Ottokars Gluck" premieres in Vienna
  • 1826-03-21 Beethoven's "String Quartet No. 13" in B flat major (Op 130) premieres in Vienna
  • 1827-03-29 20,000 attend Ludwig von Beethovens burial in Vienna
  • 1828-02-28 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Treuer Diener" premieres in Vienna
  • 1834-10-04 Franz Grillparzer's "Der Traum ein Leben" premieres in Vienna
  • 1838-03-06 Franz Grillparzer's "Weh dem, der Lugt" premieres in Vienna
  • 1847-11-25 Opera "Marta" is produced (Vienna)
  • 1848-11-09 Robert Blum, a German revolutionary and MP (Liberal), is executed in Vienna.
  • 1849-11-21 Friedrich Hebbel's "Der Rubin" premieres in Vienna
  • 1861-06-16 Battle of Vienna, Virginia and Secessionville, South Carolina (James Island)
  • 1862-08-21 The Vienna Stadtpark opens its gates.
  • 1864-10-30 Treaty of Vienna signed to end the Second Schleswig War, Denmark losses control of Schleswig to Prussia and Holstein to Austria
  • 1865-12-17 Franz Schubert's Symphony No. 8 "Unfinished Symphony" premieres in Vienna with Johann von Herbeck conducting
  • 1867-02-15 Johann Strauss' "Blue Danube" waltz premieres in Vienna
  • 1869-10-01 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
  • 1870-01-06 The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna)
  • 1872-09-24 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Bruderzwist in Habsburg" premieres in Vienna
  • 1873-05-01 Emperor Franz Joseph opens 5th World's Exposition in Vienna
  • 1873-05-09 Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralds the Long Depression
  • 1874-01-21 Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa" premieres in Vienna
  • 1874-04-05 Johann Strauss Jr's opera "Die Fledermaus" premieres in Vienna
  • 1877-12-30 Johnannes Brahms' 2nd Symphony in D, premieres in Vienna
  • 1881-12-08 Vienna's Ring Theater destroyed by fire, kills between 640-850
  • 1883-12-02 Johannes Brahms' "3rd Symphony in F" premieres with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
  • 1885-10-24 Johann Strauss' operetta "Zigeunerbaron (Gypsy Baron)" premieres in Vienna
  • 1885-12-02 Opera "Regina di Saba" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886-04-25 Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • 1892-02-16 Opera "Werther" by Jules Massenet premieres in Vienna
  • 1897-10-08 Emperor Franz Joseph I names Gustav Mahler Director of the Vienna Court Opera
  • 1898-10-01 The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902-03-18 Arnold Schoenberg's "Verklärte Nacht" premieres in Vienna

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • 1902-11-25 Franz Lehar's opera "Wiener Frauen" premieres in Vienna

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1902-11-29 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Der arme Heinrich" premieres in Vienna

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908-10-03 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1913-10-16 George Bernard Shaw's play "Pygmalion" premieres in Hofburg Theatre in Vienna, Austria

  • 1919-08-04 Hungarian communist leader Béla Kun flees to Vienna after the Hungarian Soviet Republic is overthrown by the Romanian Army
  • 1919-10-10 Richard Strauss & Hugo van Hofmannsthals premieres in Vienna
  • 1921-02-27 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 342

  • 1301-07-23 Otto, Duke of Austria and Styria, born in Vienna (d. 1339)
  • 1339-11-01 Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria (1358-65), born in Vienna (d. 1365)
  • 1349-09-09 Albert III, Duke of Austria (1365-95), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1395)
  • 1351-11-01 Leopold III, Duke of Austria (1365-68), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1386)
  • 1377-09-19 Albert IV, Duke of Austria, born in Vienna (d. 1404)
  • 1397-08-16 Albrecht II von Habsburg, King of Bohemia, Hungary and Germany, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1439)
  • 1418-12-18 Albert VI, Archduke of Austria, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1463)
  • 1540-06-03 Charles II Archduke of Austria, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1590)
  • 1552-07-18 Rudolf II von Habsburg, Emperor of Germany (1576-1612), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1612)
  • 1554-07-05 Elisabeth of Austria, Queen consort of France (1570-74), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1592)
  • 1557-02-24 Matthias, Holy Roman emperor (1612-19), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1633-09-08 Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans, born in Vienna (d. 1654)
  • 1643-04-05 Charles V Leopold, Duke of Lorraine and Austrian fieldmarshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1690)
  • 1651-08-06 Johann Michael Zächer, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1712)
  • 1653-11-26 Andreas Anton Schmelzer, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1701)
  • 1654-10-23 Johann Bernhard Staudt, Austrian Jesuit composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1712)
  • 1656-11-03 Georg Reutter, Austrian composer and organist, born in Vienna (d. 1738)
  • 1678-07-26 Joseph I Habsburg, German king and Roman Catholic emperor (1705-11), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1711)
  • 1685-10-01 Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1711-40), born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna (d. 1740)
  • 1699-12-08 Maria Josepha of Austria, Queen consort of Poland (1734-57), born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria (d. 1757)
  • 1701-10-22 Maria Amalia of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress as the spouse of Emperor Charles VII, born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Archduchy of Austria, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1756)
  • 1705-09-24 Leopold Joseph Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1766)
  • 1708-04-06 Johann George Reutter, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1772)
  • 1711-01-29 Giuseppe Bonno, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1788)
  • 1711-02-05 Joseph Umstatt, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1762)
  • 1711-09-17 Ignaz Jakob Holzbauer, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1783)
  • 1717-04-09 Georg Matthias Monn, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1750)
  • 1718-06-27 Wenzel Raimund Pirck, composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1763)
  • 1722-09-14 Joseph Paul Ziegler, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1767)
  • 1723-10-04 Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, Austrian entomologist, born in Vienna (d. 1798)
  • 1724-02-29 Eva Marie Veigel [La Violette], Austrian ballet dancer and wife of actor David Garrick, born in Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1822)
  • 1726-08-26 Karl Kohaut, Austrian composer and lutenist, born in Vienna (d. 1784)
  • 1732-03-31 Franz Joseph Haydn, prominent composer of the classical period (The Creation/Die Schopfung), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1737-12-08 Robert Kimmerling, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1799)
  • 1738-10-06 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, second child of Francis I Holy Roman Emperor, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1789)
  • 1739-11-02 Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1799)
  • 1741-03-13 Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (1764-90), born in Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria (d. 1790)
  • 1744-05-04 Marianne Martinez, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1812)

Person of interestLeopold II

1747-05-05 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1765-90) and Holy Roman Emperor (1790-92), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1792)

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II
  • 1749-04-21 Johann Michael Malzat, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1787)
  • 1752-03-22 Johann Georg Joseph Spangler, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1802)
  • 1752-08-13 Maria Carolina of Austria, Queen of the Two Sicilies, born in Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna (d. 1814)

Person of interestMarie Antoinette

1755-11-02 Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (1774-92) who allegedly uttered the phrase "let them eat cake", born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1793)

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette
  • 1756-09-08 Anton Teyber, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1822)
  • 1757-10-26 Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (elementary philosophy), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1823)
  • 1758-08-25 Franz Teyber, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1810)
  • 1760-06-26 Johan I Jozef, Monarch of Liechtenstein and fieldmarshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1836)
  • 1763-05-07 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish general and marshal of France, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1813)
  • 1765-06-13 Anton Eberl, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1807)
  • 1768-12-06 Johann Baptist Henneberg, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1822)
  • 1771-04-18 Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1820)
  • 1771-04-29 Matthäus Stegmayer, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1820)
  • 1772-04-01 Ignaz Franz von Mosel, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1844)
  • 1772-12-07 Joseph Franz Maximilian Lobkowitz, Bohemian aristocrat and composer, born in Vienna (d. 1816)
  • 1775-04-08 Adam A earl von Neipperg, Austrian general and Napoleon's wife Marie lover, born in Vienna (d. 1829)
  • 1776-08-15 Ignaz von Seyfried, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1841)
  • 1779-07-20 Ignaz Schuster, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1835)
  • 1781-08-09 Michael Umlauf, Austrian violinist, composer and conductor (premiere of Beethoven's 9th), born in Vienna (d. 1842)
  • 1791-01-15 Franz Gillparzer, Austrian tragic dramatist (Golden Fleece), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1872)
  • 1791-02-20 Carl Czerny, pianist/composer (Schule der Virtuosen), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1791-07-26 Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, Austrian composer and 6th child of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1844)
  • 1791-12-12 Marie-Louise of Austria, Duchess of Parma and second wife of Napoleon, born in Hofburg, Vienna, Austria (d. 1847)
  • 1793-04-19 Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria (1835-48), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1875)
  • 1793-07-04 Franz Pecháček, Austrian-German composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1840)

Person of interestFranz Schubert

1797-01-31 Franz Peter Schubert, Austrian composer (Unfinished Symphony), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1828)

Composer Franz Schubert
Composer
Franz Schubert
  • 1797-07-21 Franz Schoberlechner, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1843)
  • 1798-01-06 Ferdinand Simon Gassner, Austrian composer and music writer, born in Vienna; (d. 1851)
  • 1801-04-12 Joseph Franz Karl Lanner, Austrian composer and violinist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1843)
  • 1801-10-28 Karl Georg Lickl, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1877)
  • 1802-01-13 Eduard von Bauernfeld, comedic playwright, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1802-04-13 Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist, born in Vienna (d. 1884)
  • 1803-01-06 Henri Herz, Austrian pianist and composer, born in Vienna (d. 1888)
  • 1803-04-14 Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1887)
  • 1805-08-18 Josef Danhauser, Austrian painter (Mutterliebe), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1845)
  • 1805-08-23 Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman, born in Lichtental, Vienna, Austria (d. 1893)
  • 1806-04-29 Ernst Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austrian physician and philosopher, born in Vienna (d. 1849)
  • 1808-01-12 Paul "the Great" Taglioni, ballet choreographer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1809-11-22 Benedict Augustin Morel, Austrian-French psychologist (dementia praecox), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1812-06-28 Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1905)
  • 1815-10-25 Philipp Fahrbach the Elder, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1885)
  • 1816-10-29 Ferdinand II, German prince of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry and King of Portugal (1837-53), born in Palais Coburg, Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1885)
  • 1816-11-29 Carl Binder, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1860)
  • 1817-08-03 Archduke Albrecht of Austria, Duke of Teschen (Battle at Custozza), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1895)
  • 1819-05-18 Julius Hopp, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1885)
  • 1822-01-30 Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1899)
  • 1825-10-25 Johann Baptist Strauss Jr., Austrian composer (Waltz King), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1899)
  • 1826-03-23 Ludwig Minkus, Austrian ballet composer, born in Vienna (d. 1917)
  • 1826-12-21 Ernst Pauer, Austrian composer and pianist, born in Vienna (d. 1905)
  • 1830-08-18 Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1916)

Person of interestMaximilian I

1832-07-06 Maximilian I of Mexico and Archduke of Austria, first and only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire, born in Vienna, Austria

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I
  • 1836-11-08 Milton Bradley, American business magnate and game manufacturer, born in Vienna, Maine (d. 1911)
  • 1841-04-25 Pauline Lucca, Austrian operatic soprano, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1908)
  • 1842-01-15 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1925)
  • 1842-04-29 Carl Millöcker, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1899)
  • 1842-07-04 Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austrian sociologist and general, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1904)
  • 1843-05-02 Karl Michael Ziehrer, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1922)
  • 1844-02-20 Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (thermodynamics), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1906)
  • 1844-10-24 Karl Lueger, Austrian politician, cofounder and leader of the Austrian Christian Social Party, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1910)
  • 1844-10-29 Albert Salomon Anselm von Rothschild, Austrian banker and member of the Rothschild banking family of Austria, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1911)
  • 1846-05-29 Albert Apponyi, Hungarian politician (Minister of Religion and Education of Hungary), born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1933)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1782-08-04 Musician Wolfang Amadeus Mozart (26) weds Constanze Weber in St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna, Austria

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  • 1902-03-09 Composer Gustav Mahler marries Alma Schindler in Vienna

LoveWedding of Interest

1934-02-24 High-ranking member of British intelligence Kim Philby (22) weds communist Litzi Friedmann in Vienna, Austria

  • 1978-06-30 English prince Michael marries baroness Marie-Christine von Reibnitz in Vienna, Austria
  • 1978-11-17 Gerald Lascelles, British aristocrat and son of Princess Mary weds 2nd wife Elizabeth Collingwood in Vienna

Famous Deaths

  • 1522-08-11 Martin Siebenborger, mayor of Vienna, beheaded
  • 1696-06-17 John [Jan] III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96), Victor at Battle Vienna over Turks (1683) dies at 66
  • 1723-04-05 J Fischer von Erlach, Austrian architect (Hofburg, Vienna), dies at 66

Person of interestWolfgang Amadeus Mozart

1791-12-05 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian musical prodigy and composer (Figaro), dies at 35

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  • 1820-03-15 Clemens Maria Hofbauer, patron saint of Vienna (b. 1751

Person of interestAntonio Salieri

1825-05-07 Antonio Salieri, Italian composer (Tarare), dies in Vienna at 74

Composer Antonio Salieri
Composer
Antonio Salieri
  • 1910-03-10 Karl Lueger, Austrian politician, cofounder and leader of the Austrian Christian Social Party, dies at 65
  • 1945-04-03 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • 1954-05-16 Clemens Krauss, Austrian conductor (Vienna State Opera), dies at 61
  • 1973-09-29 W H Auden, Vienna poet, dies
  • 1977-11-11 Greta Keller, Vienna-born cabaret singer and actress (b. 1903)
  • 1980-08-11 Willi Forst, Austrian actor and director (Bel Amis, Operette, Vienna Blood), dies at 77
  • 1982-05-02 Helmut Dantine, Austrian-American actor (Shadow of the Cloak), dies of a heart attack at 64
  • 1989-04-24 Franz Binder, Austrian soccer striker and manager (19 caps Austria, 9 caps Germany; Rapid Vienna), dies at 77
  • 1989-05-20 Anton Diffring [Alfred Pollack], German character actor (Assignment Vienna), dies at 70
  • 1993-11-16 Lucia Popp, Czech/Austria soprano (Vienna Opera), dies at 54
  • 1995-07-16 Stephen Spender, English poet and critic (Vienna, Edge of Darkness), dies at 86
  • 2004-03-13 Franz König, Austrian Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1905)