Vienna in History (Part 2)

Historical Events

  • 1923-03-16 Hugo von Hofmannsthal's "Der Unbestechliche" premieres in Vienna
  • 1923-05-04 Bloody street battles between Nazis, socialist & police in Vienna
  • 1923-09-07 Interpol forms in Vienna
  • 1924-10-14 Arnold Schoeberg's opera "Die Gluckliche Hand" premieres in Vienna
  • 1926-10-03 1st congress of Pan European Movement (Pan-Europese Beweging) opens in Vienna
  • 1927-07-15 Massacre in Vienna: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police

Meeting of Interest

1934-06-14 European despots Adolf Hitler, of Germany, and Benito Mussolini, of Italy, meet in Vienna, Austria

  • 1936-09-01 Belgian boxer Gustave Roth beats Heinz Lazek of Austria in a 15 round points decision to win the EBU and vacant IBU world light heavyweight title in Vienna
  • 1943-12-02 First RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt - Nazi Reich Security Head Office) transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp
  • 1945-04-13 WWII: Russian Red Army occupies Vienna, Austria
  • 1955-02-17 Ice Dance Championship at Vienna Austria won by J Westwood/Demmy GRB
  • 1955-02-17 Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Frances Dafoe and Norris Bowden of Canada
  • 1955-02-17 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Vienna won by Tenley Albright US
  • 1955-05-15 Vienna Treaty: Britain, France, US & USSR restore Austria's independence
  • 1955-11-05 The rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens after it was destroyed in World War II, with Ludwig van Beethoven's "Fidelio"

Meeting of Interest

1961-06-03 American President JFK & Soviet Premier Khrushchev meet in Vienna

Summit of Interest

1961-06-04 US President John F. Kennedy and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev meet at the Vienna Summit in Austria

Music History

1963-02-23 Luciano Pavarotti makes his debut at the Vienna State Opera in "La traviata"

  • 1964-05-27 European Cup Final, Praterstadion, Vienna: Internazionale beats Real Madrid, 3-1 for their first title
  • 1966-08-31 "The Battle of Algiers", directed by Gillo Pontecorvo, starring Jean Martin, Saadi Yacef, premieres at the Vienna International Film Festival
  • 1967-03-04 Ice Dance Championship at Vienna won by Towler & Ford (GRB)
  • 1967-03-04 Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Belousova & Protopopov (USSR)
  • 1967-03-04 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Vienna won by Emmerich Danzer (AUT)

Sports History

1967-03-04 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champion in Vienna won by Peggy Fleming (US)

  • 1967-04-03 113 East Europeans attending World Amateur hockey championships in Vienna, ask for political asylum
  • 1967-04-08 12th Eurovision Song Contest: Sandie Shaw for United Kingdom wins singing "Puppet on a String" in Vienna
  • 1970-03-29 Manchester City of England win 10th European Cup Winner's Cup against Górnik Zabrze of Poland 2-1 in Vienna
  • 1971-02-21 The Convention on Psychotropic Substances is signed at Vienna
  • 1972-02-04 6th round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks ends in Vienna Austria

Music Single

1974-11-15 Ringo Starr releases singles "Goodnight Vienna" and "Only You" in the UK

  • 1975-10-22 Turkish diplomat shot to death in Vienna
  • 1979-03-17 Ice Dance Championship at Vienna won by N Linichuk & G Karponosov USSR
  • 1979-03-17 Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Tai Babilonia & R Gardner USA
  • 1979-03-17 Men's Figure Skating Champ in Vienna won by Vladimir Kovalev (USSR)
  • 1979-03-17 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Vienna won by Linda Fratianne
  • 1979-08-23 UN's Vienna office opens
  • 1979-08-24 UN's Vienna office begins issuing postage stamps

Historic Event

1985-12-27 Terrorists kill 20 and wound 110 attacking El Al at Rome and Vienna airports. President Reagan blames Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.

  • 1986-02-03 OPEC fails to agree upon a petroleum production agreement after a 2 day meeting in Vienna
  • 1986-06-21 "Vienna Calling" by Falco peaks at #18
  • 1987-05-27 31st European Cup: Porto beats Bayern Munich 2-1 at Vienna
  • 1988-09-15 Musical "Les Miserables" opens at Raimund Theatre, Vienna
  • 1990-05-23 34th European Cup: Milan beats Benfica 1-0 at Vienna
  • 1992-11-27 Part of Vienna Hofburg destroyed by fire
  • 1993-12-05 The mayor of Wien (Vienna), Helmut Zilk, is wounded by a letter bomb.
  • 1995-05-24 3rd UEFA Champions League Final: Ajax beats Milan 1-0 at Vienna
  • 1995-09-13 The Kuwaiti Oil Ministry states its intention to seek a 200-million-barrels-per-day increase to its current 2-million-barrels-per-day crude oil production quota at OPEC meeting in Vienna
  • 2001-01-17 OPEC agrees at a meeting of ministers in Vienna, to reduce members' oil production quotas by 1.5 million barrels per day
  • 2001-09-27 At its two-day meeting in Vienna, OPEC decides to keep its production quotas unchanged at 23.2 million barrels per day, despite crude oil being at its lowest price levels since 1999
  • 2002-11-06 12 people are killed in a fire on board a train headed for Vienna from Paris.
  • 2008-06-29 UEFA European Championship Final, Ernst-Happel-Stadion, Vienna, Austria: Fernando Torres scores as Spain beats Germany, 1-0
  • 2013-01-21 41 people are injured after two trains collide in Vienna, Austria
  • 2014-10-08 The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra is awarded the third $1 million Birgit Nilsson Prize
  • 2015-05-23 60th Eurovision Song Contest: Mans Zelmerlow for Sweden wins singing "Heroes" in Vienna

Sports History

2019-10-12 Eliud Kipchoge of Kenya becomes first to run a marathon in under 2 hours (1:59:40) in Vienna, Austria; not a race by strict definition using pacesetters and pace laser markings on a doctored course

  • 2019-12-08 Vienna State Opera stages its first show by a female composer in 150 years - Olga Neuwirth’s opera, “Orlando”

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 340

  • 1848-05-05 Adalbert von Goldschmidt, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1906)
  • 1848-10-05 Guido von List, Austrian-German occultist and novelist (Jung Diethers Heimkehr), born in Vienna (d. 1919)
  • 1850-05-22 Johann Schrammel, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1893)
  • 1852-11-11 Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, born in Penzing, Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1925)
  • 1853-04-30 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1912)
  • 1854-07-04 Victor Babeş, Romanian physician and bacteriologist, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1858-08-01 Hans Rott, Austrian composer and organist, born in Vienna (d. 1884)
  • 1860-05-04 Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, Austrian composer (Donna Diana), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1945)
  • 1860-11-16 Edmund Schücker, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1911)
  • 1861-02-26 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1864-11-11 Alfred Hermann Fried, German pacifist (Nobel 1911-co-founder of the German peace movement), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)
  • 1865-07-06 Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Swiss musician, composer, and pedagogue (Dalcroze Eurythmics), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1950)
  • 1866-02-16 Johann Strauss III, Austrian composer and conductor (Dem Muthigen gehört die Welt), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1939)
  • 1866-07-11 Richard Beer-Hofmann, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 1945)
  • 1869-08-10 Lawrence Binyon, poet (Symbolic Wounds), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1869-09-04 Karl Seitz, President of Austria (1920), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1950)
  • 1870-03-06 Oscar Straus [Strauss], Viennese composer (Ein Walzertraum), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1954)
  • 1871-01-10 Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti, Austrian poet & writer (Jesse & Maria), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1955)
  • 1871-10-14 Alexander von Zemlinsky, Austrian composer, conductor, and arranger (The Mermaid; Lyric Symphony), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1942)
  • 1871-11-15 Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg, Austrian botanist who was one of three scientists (also Hugo de Vries and Carl Correns) who independently rediscovered Gregor Mendel's work on the laws of genetics, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1962)
  • 1873-01-15 Max Adler, Austria jurist & social philosopher (Austromarxism), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1937)
  • 1874-01-29 Robert Lach, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1958)
  • 1874-04-09 Julius Bittner, Austrian composer (Little Violet), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1939)
  • 1874-06-07 Theodor Streicher, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1940)
  • 1874-06-11 Richard Stöhr, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1967)

Arnold SchoenbergArnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)

1874-09-13 Austrian-American composer (Verklärte Nacht - Transfigured Night; 2nd Quartet), and painter associated with the expressionist movement, born in Vienna, Austria

  • 1875-02-02 Friedrich-Max "Fritz" Kreisler, Austrian-American violinist and composer (Alt-Wiener Tanzweisen), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1962)
  • 1875-06-20 Othenio Able, Austrian artist, fossil creator and founder of paleobiology, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1946)
  • 1875-12-25 Theodor Innitzer, Austrian cardinal and archbishop Vienna, born in Neugeschrei, Bohemia (d. 1955)
  • 1878-01-15 Johanna Muller-Hermann, Austrian composer (Lied der Erinnerung), born in Vienna (d. 1941)
  • 1878-01-21 Egon Friedell, Austrian journalist, actor and writer (Kleine Portratgalerie, Der Partylowe), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1938)
  • 1878-02-08 Martin Buber, Austrian-Israeli dialogue philosopher and theologist (Ich und Du), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1965)
  • 1878-10-01 Othmar Spann, Austrian economist and sociologist (Geschichtsfilosofie), born in Vienna (d. 1950)
  • 1878-11-07 Lise Meitner, Austrian-Swedish physicist (discovered the nuclear fission of uranium), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1968)
  • 1879-07-09 Friedrich Adler, Austrian socialist politician, revolutionary and murderer of premier Storgkh, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1960)
  • 1879-08-31 Alma Schindler Mahler, Viennese composer and wife of Gustav Mahler, Walter Gropius and Franz Werfel, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1964)
  • 1879-09-27 Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1934)
  • 1880-08-06 Hans Moser, Austrian actor (Hello Service Man, Once Upon a Time), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1964)
  • 1880-08-17 Leo Ascher, Austrian-American operetta composer (Hoheit tanzt Walzer - Her Highness Dances the Waltz), Vienna, Austria (d. 1942)
  • 1881-02-06 Karl Weigl, Austrian-American pianist, composer (Apocalyptic Symphony), and educator, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1949)
  • 1881-04-17 Anton Wildgans, Austrian poet and playwright (Armut), born in Vienna (d. 1932)
  • 1881-09-05 Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democrat, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1938)
  • 1881-11-28 Stefan Zweig, Austrian poet, essayist and dramatist (Beware of Pity), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1942)
  • 1882-11-15 Felix Frankfurter, American jurist and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1939-62), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1965)
  • 1882-12-10 Otto Neurath, Austrian-British philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences), born in Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1883-09-05 Otto Erich Deutsch, Austrian musicologist (Schubert-Brevier), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1967)
  • 1883-12-03 Anton (Friedrich Wilhelm) von Webern, Austrian 12-tone composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1945)
  • 1885-02-09 Alban Berg, a Lulu of a composer!, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1935)
  • 1885-06-28 Berthold Viertel, Austrian screenwriter, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1953)
  • 1885-09-06 Franz Theodor Csokor, Austrian author (Writings on the Wall), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1969)
  • 1885-09-22 Erich von Stroheim, Austrian-American film director and actor (Greed; La Grande Illusion; Sunset Boulevard), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • 1886-11-01 Hermann Broch, Austrian novelist (Sleepwalkers, Bewitchment), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1951)
  • 1886-11-20 Karl von Frisch, Austrian ethologist and bee expert (Nobel 1973), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1982)
  • 1887-05-11 Paul Wittgenstein, left handed pianist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1961)

Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger (1887-1961)

1887-08-12 Austrian physicist and Nobel Laureate (wave mechanics), born in Vienna, Austria

  • 1887-08-31 Friedrich A Paneth, Austrian-British chemist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1958)
  • 1887-10-06 Maria Jeritza [Marie Jedličková], Czech soprano known as the Moravian Thunderbolt (Vienna Opera, 1912-34, 1953-56; Metropolitan Opera, 1921-32, 1951); born in Brno, Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1982) &)
  • 1887-10-12 Paula von Preradović, Croatian-Austrian poet and writer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1951)
  • 1887-12-07 Ernst Toch, Austrian composer (Geographical Fugue), music theorist (Melodielehre), and Pulitzer Prize winner (1956), born in n Leopoldstadt, Vienna,, Austria (d. 1964)
  • 1888-01-24 Hedwig "Vicki" Baum, Austrian American author (Men Never Know, Grand Hotel), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1960)
  • 1888-05-10 Max Steiner, Austrian-American film score composer (King Kong; Casablanca: Gone With The Wind), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1971)
  • 1889-03-21 Otto Forst de Battaglia, Austrian diplomat and genealogist, born in Vienna (d. 1965)
  • 1889-04-26 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian English philosopher (Philosophical Investigations), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1951)
  • 1890-08-05 Erich Kleiber, Austrian-Argentine conductor (Teatro Colón, 1937-49; NBC Symphony, 1947-48), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1956)
  • 1890-12-05 Fritz Lang, Austrian-German-American filmmaker and screenwriter (Metropolis), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1976)
  • 1891-05-15 Fritz Feigl, Austrian Brazilian chemist (spot tests), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1971)
  • 1891-09-16 Stephanie von Hohenlohe, Austrian-German princess by her marriage to the diplomat Prince Friedrich Franz von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst and spy, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1972)
  • 1891-11-22 Edward Bernays, Austrian-American pioneer in the field of public relations and propaganda, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1995)
  • 1892-03-09 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Adel und Untergang), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1945)
  • 1892-09-27 John Mylong, Austrian actor (Robot Monsters), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1975)
  • 1892-11-17 Max Deutsch, Austrian-French composer, born in Vienna (d. 1982)
  • 1893-03-31 Clemens Krauss, conductor (Berlin State Orch-1937), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1894-03-09 Frank Arnau [Heinrich Schmitt], German crime fiction writer, born in Vienna (d. 1976)
  • 1894-04-09 Ernest Kanitz, Austrian-American composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1978)
  • 1894-05-29 Josef von Sternberg, Austrian-American director (Der blaue Engel), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1969)
  • 1895-02-13 Fred Essler, Austrian actor (Unsinkable Molly Brown, Saratoga Trunk), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1973)
  • 1895-08-16 Liane Haid, Austrian actress (Lady Hamilton), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2000)
  • 1895-08-19 Arnoldt Bronnen, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1959)
  • 1895-12-03 Anna Freud, Austrian-English psychoanalyst and daughter of Sigmund Freud, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1982)
  • 1896-03-22 Joseph Schildkraut, Austrian actor (Cleopatra, Joseph Schildkraut Presents, Diary of Anne Frank), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1964)
  • 1896-11-28 Lilia Skala, Austrian actress (House of Games, Flashdance, Charly), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1994)
  • 1897-01-23 Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2000)
  • 1897-02-21 Celia Lovsky, Austrian-American actress (Soylent Green, T'Pau-Star Trek), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1979)
  • 1897-04-23 John Wengraf, Austrian actor (12 to the Moon, Pride & Passion), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1974)
  • 1897-05-22 Robert Neumann, Austrian-British author (Waters of Babylon), born in Vienna (d. 1975)
  • 1897-08-22 Elizabeth Bergner, Austrian actress (Catherine the Great), born in Drohobycz, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1986)
  • 1898-04-09 Julius Patzak, Austrian tenor singer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1974)
  • 1898-08-12 Oscar Homolka, Hungarian actor (Sabotage, The Seven Year Itch, Ball of Fire, I Remember Mama), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1978)
  • 1898-10-18 Lotte Lenya [Karoline Wilhelmine Charlotte Blamauer], Austrian-American singer, muse and wife of Kurt Weill, and actress (The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone; From Russia with Love), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1981)
  • 1899-04-13 Alfred Schütz, Austrian-American architect and philosopher, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1959)
  • 1900-03-06 Ludwig Donath, Austrian actor (Torn Curtain, Sirocco, Jolson Sings Again), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungar (d. 1967)
  • 1900-04-20 Fred Raymond, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1954)
  • 1900-04-25 Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss-American theoretical physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1958)
  • 1900-05-12 Helene Weigel, Austrian-German actress (Metropolis, Mutter Courage), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1971)
  • 1900-08-23 Ernst Krenek, Austrian-American concert, opera, and electronic music composer (Johnny Spielt Auf: Orpheus and Eurydike; Fibonacci-Mobile), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1991)
  • 1900-11-19 Anton Walbrook [Adolf Wohlbrook], Austrian actor (Laura, I Accuse), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1967)
  • 1900-12-03 Richard Kuhn, Austrian-German biochemist (Nobel 1938-work on carotenoids and vitamins), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1967)
  • 1901-05-20 Otto Waldis, Austrian actor (Port of Hell, Unknown World), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1974)
  • 1901-07-16 Fritz Mahler, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1901-12-05 Hanns Jelinek, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1969)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths