Austrian History (Part 3)

Austria: Vienna

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 441

  • 1834-05-08 Prussia, Austria and Russia sign classified accord about Belgium
  • 1837-11-19 Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens
  • 1840-07-15 Great Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia sign Quadruple Alliance
  • 1848-01-08 Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
  • 1848-04-08 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 1848-05-29 Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
  • 1848-05-30 Second Battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 1848-06-10 Battle at Vicenza: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
  • 1848-07-25 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
  • 1848-08-09 Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire
  • 1848-12-02 Franz Josef I becomes Emperor of Austria & King of Hungary
  • 1849-04-14 Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader
  • 1849-08-09 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia
  • 1849-08-22 The first air raid in history; Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice
  • 1849-08-28 Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, having been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence
  • 1850-11-29 The treaty, Punctation of Olmütz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, which took over the leadership of German Confederation.
  • 1851-03-07 Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
  • 1853-10-02 Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
  • 1857-04-27 Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
  • 1858-09-13 Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire & sinks, 471 die
  • 1859-06-04 Second Italian War of Independence: Battle of Magenta, results in a French-Sardinian victory under Napoleon III over the Austrians under Marshal Ferencz Gyulai

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1859-06-24 Battle of Solferino, Northern Italy: a French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II overcame the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • 1864-02-01 Austrian and Prussian troops occupy Schleswig-Holstein

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864-04-10 Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I
  • 1864-05-09 Ship battle at Helgoland, Austria-Denmark
  • 1866-04-08 Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
  • 1866-06-15 Prussia attacks Austria
  • 1866-06-20 Italy declares war on Austria beginning the Third Italian War of Independence
  • 1866-06-24 Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage
  • 1866-07-17 Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa
  • 1866-07-20 Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy
  • 1866-08-23 Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
  • 1867-02-08 The Ausgleich results in the establishment of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
  • 1867-06-12 Austro-Hungarian Empire forms
  • 1869-10-01 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
  • 1873-08-30 Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
  • 1879-10-07 Germany & Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
  • 1881-06-16 Austria-Hungary and Serbia sign military treaty
  • 1882-05-20 Germany, Austria-Hungary and France sign Triple Alliance
  • 1883-05-15 Italy signs military treaty with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1883-10-30 Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty
  • 1884-09-20 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
  • 1884-12-24 Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1885-11-27 1st photograph of a meteor taken by Austro-Hungarian photographer Ladislaus Weinek in Prague
  • 1887-02-20 Germany, Austria-Hungary & France end Triple Alliance
  • 1887-12-10 Austria-Hungary, Italy and Great Britain sign Balkan military treaty
  • 1889-01-30 Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
  • 1890-03-21 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
  • 1892-05-20 Triple Alliance between Germany, Italy & Austria forms
  • 1898-09-10 Empress Elizabeth of Austria is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni
  • 1901-01-31 Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, disolved on 7 September 1900 by Emperor Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections have defeated extremists

  • 1901-02-04 Emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Franz Josef I, gives a speech condemning the demands of national groups and calls for economic and social reform
  • 1902-06-28 Germany, Italy, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire renew their Triple Alliance for six more years
  • 1903-02-23 The Sultan agrees to an Austro-Russian plan to reform the government of Macedonia in yet another effort to stifle the rising disorder among the rival Bulgarian
  • 1905-11-22 British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • 1907-01-26 In Austria, universal and direct suffrage (limited to males over 24) is introduced, a reform long demanded by the socialists and others
  • 1908-05-07 Emperor Franz-Joseph celebrates his golden jubilee with festivities throughout the Austro-Hungarian empire
  • 1908-08-13 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies
  • 1908-10-06 Austria annexes Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • 1908-10-07 Serbia & Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
  • 1909-02-16 Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary
  • 1909-02-26 Austria and Turkey conclude an agreement in which Turkey recognizes Austria's 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is to receive compensation
  • 1909-03-21 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • 1909-03-31 In a diplomatic note to Austria, Serbia recognizes the Bosnian annexation and promises to maintain friendly relations with Austria
  • 1911-03-19 1st International Women's Day sees over 1 million men and women attend rallies in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. Issues discussed included women's right to vote and to hold public office, the right to work, to vocational training and an end to discrimination on the job.
  • 1911-06-29 Freiherr Gautsch von Frankenthurn becomes Minister-President of Austria
  • 1912-03-13 Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
  • 1912-11-24 Conflict in the Balkans grows into an acute international crisis with major powers supporting either Austria or Serbia
  • 1912-12-05 The Triple Alliance among Italy, Austria, and Germany (originally signed in 1882) is renewed for six years, beginning in 1914, a move inspired by instability in the Balkans
  • 1912-12-16 Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia


1914-06-28 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip at 10.45, the casus belli of WWI

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • 1914-07-05 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
  • 1914-07-23 Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; demanding acceptance within 48 hours making peacekeeping difficult
  • 1914-07-25 Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary
  • 1914-07-25 Serbia meets the deadlines of Austria-Hungary's ultimatum and gives a conciliatory reply, though Serbia is mobilizing
  • 1914-07-28 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI
  • 1914-07-29 Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
  • 1914-07-29 Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
  • 1914-07-29 In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization
  • 1914-07-30 Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-07-30 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

  • 1914-08-05 Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary in World War I
  • 1914-08-06 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • 1914-08-12 France and Great Britian declare war on Austria-Hungary
  • 1914-08-26 -9/10] Russian army attacks Austrian army in Galicia
  • 1914-09-03 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • 1914-12-02 Austria army occupies Belgrade, Serbia
  • 1914-12-15 Serbian troops retake Belgrade in Austria-Hungary
  • 1914-12-17 Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
  • 1915-01-01 Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
  • 1915-05-04 Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1915-05-23 Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary during WW I
  • 1915-06-03 Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse
  • 1915-06-23 Italians launch the first of what will become 11 battles to dislodge the Austrians from the Isonzo River, which keeps the Italians from Trieste
  • 1915-07-15 The Austro-German forces launch an offensive along the Eastern Front
  • 1915-11-08 An Austrian-Hungarian submarine torpedos and sinks the Italian liner 'Ancona' without warning; over 200 lives lost
  • 1916-01-05 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro
  • 1916-01-25 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
  • 1916-02-11 Germany and Austria-Hungary notify the US that they will sink any armed merchant ships starting on 1 March
  • 1916-02-16 The US rejects the right of Germany and Austria-Hungary to sink armed merchant ships

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 754

  • 1837-12-25 Cosima Liszt, wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner
  • 1838-02-18 Ernst Mach, Chirlitz-Turas Austria, physicist/philosopher/psychologist
  • 1839-11-29 Ludwig Anzengruber, Austrian playwright (Der Schandfleck)
  • 1840-02-23 Carl Menger, Austrian economist
  • 1840-05-29 Hans Makart, Austrian painter (Plague in Florenz)
  • 1841-07-13 Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
  • 1842-01-15 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (d. 1925)
  • 1842-06-29 Josef Labor, Austrian composer, born in Hořovice, Bohemia (d. 1924)
  • 1842-07-04 Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austrian sociologist/judge/fieldmarshal
  • 1843-06-09 Bertha von Suttner, Austrian novelist/pacifist (Nobel 1905)

Person of interestCamillo Golgi

1843-07-07 Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and medical researcher (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1906), born in Corteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • 1843-07-31 Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate, born in Krieglach, Austria (d. 1918)
  • 1844-02-20 Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (statistical mechanics)
  • 1844-10-29 Albert von Rothschild, Austrian banker
  • 1845-12-23 Gustave Ador, union president of Austria (1919)
  • 1847-03-04 Karl Bayer, Austrian chemist (d. 1904)
  • 1849-07-02 Maria Theresia of Austria-Este, queen of Bavaria (d. 1919)
  • 1849-07-29 Max Nordau, Austrian author and Zionist leader (d. 1923)

Person of interestTomáš Garrigue Masaryk

1850-03-07 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), born in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (d. 1937)

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1852-06-24 Victor Adler, Austrian Foreign minister (1918)
  • 1852-11-11 Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1925)
  • 1852-11-25 Johan N Salvator, [Johann Orth], archduke of Austria
  • 1853-04-30 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1912)
  • 1854-10-16 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist
  • 1854-11-27 Aloys L earl von Aehrenthal, Austrian minister of Foreign affairs
  • 1855-07-19 Emil Paur, Austrian conductor, born in Czernowitz, Austria (d. 1932)
  • 1855-10-12 August Sauer, Austrian literature historian (Euphorion), born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1926)
  • 1855-11-01 Guido Adler, Austrian musicologist (Still in the Music)

Person of interestSigmund Freud

1856-05-06 Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and father of psychology, born in Freiberg, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud

Person of interestNikola Tesla

1856-07-10 Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist, electrical engineer and inventor, developed alternating current and the Tesla Coil, born in Smiljan, Austrian Empire (now Croatia) (d. 1943)

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • 1856-08-24 Felix Mottl, Austrian conductor and composer (Agnes Bernauer), born in Unter-St.-Veit, Austria (d. 1911)
  • 1856-12-13 Svetozar Boroević, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1920)
  • 1857-01-17 Wilhelm Kienzl, Austrian composer (Evangelimann)
  • 1857-03-07 Julius Wagner von Jauregg, Austrian psychiatrist (Nobel 1927)
  • 1858-07-21 Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain, born in Židlochovice Castle, Moravia (d. 1929)
  • 1858-08-01 Hans Rott, Austrian composer and organist, born in Vienna (d. 1884)
  • 1859-08-06 J Arthur S Berson, Austria meteorologist (Balloon flights, Amazon)
  • 1860-03-13 Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer, born in Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia (d. 1903)
  • 1860-05-02 Theodor Herzl, Austrian journalist/founder (Zionist movement)
  • 1860-05-04 Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, composer (Donna Diana), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1860-07-07 Gustav Mahler, Kalischat Bohemia Austria, composer/conductor (Titan)
  • 1861-02-26 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1861-12-19 Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • 1862-05-15 Arthur Schnitzler, Austrian playwright/novelist (La Ronde)
  • 1862-06-07 Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1947)
  • 1862-07-14 Gustav Klimt, Austrian Art Nouveau painter
  • 1863-04-29 Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (d. 1922)
  • 1863-07-19 Hermann Bahr, Austria writer, director (New Men), born in Linz, Austria (d. 1934)

Person of interestFranz Ferdinand

1863-12-18 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria whose assassination in 1914 led to declarations of war in WWI, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1914)

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • 1865-04-17 Ursula Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint and foundress of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, born in Loosdorf, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)
  • 1865-07-15 Wilhelm Wirtinger, Austrian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1866-02-16 Johann Strauss III, Austrian composer and conductor (Dem Muthigen gehört die Welt), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1939)
  • 1866-10-07 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
  • 1868-04-22 Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria (d. 1924)
  • 1868-06-14 Karl Landsteiner, Austrian immunologist and pathologist (Nobel 1930), born in Baden bei Wien, Austria-Hungary (d. 1943)
  • 1868-06-19 Heinrich Schenker, [A Niloff], Austrian musicologist (Urlinie) know for his Schenkerian analysis of music, born in Wisniowczyki, Austrian Galicia (d. 1935)
  • 1869-07-04 Karl Seitz, president of Austria
  • 1869-08-10 Lawrence Binyon, poet (Symbolic Wounds), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1869-09-06 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1870-02-07 Alfred Adler, Austrian psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex)
  • 1870-03-06 Oscar Straus, composer (Ein Walzertraum), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1870-09-02 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (d. 1947)
  • 1870-12-10 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses)
  • 1870-12-14 Karl Renner, Austrian Chancellor/president (1918-20, 45-50)
  • 1870-12-15 Josef Hoffmann, Austrian architect
  • 1871-01-10 Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti, Austrian author (Jesse & Maria)
  • 1871-05-30 Olga Engl, Austrian actress (Phantom), born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1946)
  • 1871-10-14 Alexander von Zemlinsky, composer (Schneeman), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1871-11-15 Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg, Austrian Botanist who was one of three scientists (also Hugo de Vries and Carl Correns) who independently rediscovered Gregor Mendel's work on the laws of genetics, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1872-01-04 Edmund Rumpler, Austrian auto/airplane builder
  • 1872-04-13 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, born in Drnowitz, Moravia (d. 1945)
  • 1872-08-09 Archduke Joseph August of Austria, Austrian field marshal (d. 1962)
  • 1872-09-26 Ottokar T Czernin von und zu Chudenitz, Austrian Foreign min (1916-18)
  • 1872-10-15 Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian president (d. 1956)
  • 1872-11-29 Anna Bahr-von Mildenburg, Austrian soprano/director
  • 1873-01-15 Max Adler, Austria sociologist/socialist theorist
  • 1873-02-02 Leopold Fall, Austrian operetta composer (Dollar Princess)
  • 1873-04-24 Theodor Korner von Siegringen, Austrian general/president
  • 1873-08-18 Leo Slezak, Austrian tenor and actor (Othello, Zirkus Saran, Husaren heraus), born in Mährisch-Schönberg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1946)
  • 1873-09-08 Max Reinhardt [Goldmann], Austrian theatrical director (Oedipus Rex) and founder of the Salzburg Festival, born in Baden, Austria (d. 1943)
  • 1873-12-22 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, Austria-Hungary, linguist
  • 1874-01-29 Robert Lach, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1958)
  • 1874-02-01 Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian poet/dramatist/essayist
  • 1874-03-12 Edmund Eysler, Austrian composer

Person of interestHarry Houdini

1874-03-24 Harry Houdini [Erich Weiss], Famous magician and escape artist, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1926)

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1874-04-09 Julius Bittner, Austrian composer (Little Violet)
  • 1874-04-28 Karl Kraus, satirical writer, born in Jičín, Austrian-Hungarian Empire (d. 1936)
  • 1874-05-12 Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet, Austrian physician (Reaction of Pirquet)
  • 1874-05-27 Richard von Schaukal, Austria poet/writer (Eros Thanatos)

Person of interestArnold Schoenberg

1874-09-13 Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian composer (2nd Quartet) and painter associated with the expressionist movement, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1951)

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • 1874-12-08 Ernst Moro, Austrian physician (d. 1951)
  • 1875-02-02 Fritz Kreisler, violinist/composer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1875-06-20 Othenio Able, Austrian paleontologist
  • 1875-09-03 Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer (Volkswagen Beetle, Mercedes-Benz SS) and founder of the Porsche car company, born in Maffersdorf, Bohemia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1875-10-17 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer (Yes & No!)
  • 1875-12-04 Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian poet (Ana, The City, Duino Elegies), born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1926)
  • 1877-02-25 Erich von Hornbostel, Austrian musicologist (d. 1935)
  • 1877-04-10 Alfred Kubin, Austrian writer and illustrator, born in Leitmeritz, Bohemia (d. 1959)
  • 1877-09-15 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and zionist (d. 1938)
  • 1877-12-18 Max Pallenberg, Austrian extempore farce actor (Morn to Midnight), husband of Operetta star Fritzi Massary, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1934)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 512

  • 1905-03-12 Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter, dies at 92
  • 1905-05-09 Ernst Pauer, Austrian composer and pianist, dies at 78
  • 1906-09-05 Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (thermodynamics), dies at 62
  • 1907-10-08 Alfred, Liechtensteins noble of Austrian Herrenhaus, dies at 65
  • 1909-07-09 Kasimir Felix Badeni, Premier of Polish/Austria (1895-97), dies at 62
  • 1910-03-10 Karl Lueger, Austrian anti-semite/mayor of Vienna, dies at 65
  • 1911-02-11 Albert von Rothschild, baron/Austrian banker, dies at 66
  • 1911-07-02 Felix Mottl, Austrian conductor and composer (Agnes Bernauer), dies at 54
  • 1912-02-17 Aloys von Aerenthal, foreign minister (Austria-Hungary), dies at 57
  • 1912-08-24 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, dies at 59
  • 1914-06-21 Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1843)
  • 1914-06-28 Sophie, Princess of Austria, assassinated

Person of interestFranz Ferdinand

1914-06-28 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria is assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip, led to declarations of war in WWI

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • 1914-11-03 Georg Trakl, Austria poet (Totentag, Cocaine Overdose), dies at 27
  • 1915-01-02 Karl Goldmark, Austria-Hungarian composer (Queen of Saba), dies at 84
  • 1915-09-27 Kaspar C E Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austrian sculptor, dies at 84
  • 1916-02-19 Ernst Mach, Austrian physicist/philosopher/psychologist, dies at 78
  • 1916-10-21 Karl von Storgkh, premier Austria, assassinated
  • 1916-11-21 Franz Jozef I, King of Austria/Hungary, dies
  • 1916-12-28 Eduard Strauss, Austrian composer (318 dances), dies at 81
  • 1917-12-07 Ludwig Minkus, Austrian ballet composer, dies at 91
  • 1918-02-06 Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter/cartoonist, dies at 55
  • 1918-06-26 Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate, dies at 74
  • 1918-10-31 Egon Schiele, Austria painter/graphic artist, dies at 28
  • 1918-11-11 Victor Adler, Austrian neurologist/foreign minister, dies
  • 1920-05-23 Svetozar Boroević, Austrian field marshal (b. 1856)
  • 1920-08-10 Ádám Politzer, Austrian physician (b. 1835)
  • 1921-02-26 Carl Menger, Austrian economist, dies at 81
  • 1921-05-05 Alfred H Fried, Austrian/German pacifist (Nobel 1911), dies
  • 1922-04-01 Charles I, emperor (Austria)/King of Hungary (Charles IV), dies
  • 1922-07-06 Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (b. 1863)
  • 1923-01-23 Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
  • 1924-01-04 Alfred Grünfeld, Austrian pianist, composer (b. 1852)
  • 1924-04-26 Josef Labor, Austrian composer, dies at 82
  • 1925-03-30 Rudolf Steiner, Austrian philosopher (anthroposophy), dies at 64
  • 1925-06-20 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (b. 1842)
  • 1925-08-25 Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (b. 1852)
  • 1925-09-16 Leo Fall, Austria operetta composer (That Pink von Stambul), dies at 52
  • 1926-09-17 August Sauer, Austrian literature historian (Euphorion), dies at 70
  • 1926-12-29 Rainer M Rilke, Austrias songwriter/writer (Wise Queen), dies at 51
  • 1928-03-31 Gustave Ador, president of Austria (1919), dies at 82
  • 1929-02-28 Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet, Austrian artist (React of P), dies at 54
  • 1929-09-23 Richard A Zsigmondy, Austria chemist (Nobel 1925), dies at 64
  • 1930-04-01 Cosima Liszt, wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner, dies at 92
  • 1930-12-13 Fritz Pregl, Slovenian/Austrian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1932-04-04 Ottokar T Czernin von und zu Chudenitz, Austrian minister, dies at 59
  • 1932-06-07 Emil Paur, Austrian conductor, dies at 76
  • 1933-08-22 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses), dies at 62
  • 1933-08-23 Adolph Loos, Austrian architect, dies at 62
  • 1933-09-25 Paul Ehrenfest, Austria/Neth physicist, dies at 53
  • 1934-01-15 Hermann Bahr, Austrian writer (Concert), dies at 70
  • 1934-03-21 Franz Schreker, Austrian composer, dies after suffering from a stroke at 55
  • 1934-06-27 Max Pallenberg, Austrian extempore farce actor (Morn to Midnight), husband of Operetta star Fritzi Massary, dies in air crash at 56
  • 1934-07-25 Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian chancellor assassinated by nazis
  • 1935-11-28 Erich von Hornbostel, Austrian musicologist (b. 1877)
  • 1936-03-18 Egon Friedell, Austrian journalist, actor and writer (Kleine Portratgalerie, Der Partylowe), commits suicide to avoid arrest by the Gestapo at 58
  • 1936-04-08 Robert Bárány, Austrian physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1936-06-12 Karl Kraus, Austrian satirical writer, dies at 62
  • 1936-06-22 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher assassinated at 54 by former student Johann Nelböck
  • 1936-09-16 Karl Buresch, Austrian lawyer and politician, dies at 57
  • 1936-11-17 Ernestine Schumann-Heink, Austrian contralto (b. 1861)
  • 1936-12-18 Andrija Mohorovičić, Austro-Hungarian-born Yugoslav seismologist (b. 1857)
  • 1937-04-02 Nathan Birnbaum, Austria philosopher (Zionism), dies at about 72
  • 1937-05-28 Alfred Adler, Austria psychiatrist (Individual Psychology), dies at 67
  • 1937-06-28 Max Adler, Austrian socialist theorist, dies at 64
  • 1938-05-17 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and zionist (b. 1877)
  • 1938-07-04 Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democrat, dies at 56
  • 1938-10-18 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist, dies
  • 1939-01-09 Johann Strauss, Austrian conductor and Royal ball director, dies at 72
  • 1939-01-10 Julius Bittner, Austria composer (Missa Austriaca), dies at 64
  • 1939-01-23 Matthias Sindelar, Austria soccer star, commits suicide
  • 1939-02-11 Franz Schmidt, Austrian composer, dies at 64
  • 1939-05-27 Joseph Roth, Austria journalist (Fluctuate ohne Ende), dies at 44
  • 1939-05-29 Ursula Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint and foundress of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, dies of a carcinoma at 74

Person of interestSigmund Freud

1939-09-23 Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and creator of psychoanalysis, dies at 83

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • 1939-10-31 Otto Rank, [Rosenfeld], Austria psychoanalyst (Trauma of Geburt), dies
  • 1940-09-07 Edmund Rumpler, Austria auto/airplane builder, dies
  • 1940-09-27 Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1941-10-03 Wilhelm Kienzl, Austria composer (Kuhreigen), dies at 84
  • 1942-02-15 Guido Adler, Austrian musicologist, dies at 91
  • 1942-02-23 Stefan Zweig, Austrian poet, essayist and dramatist (Beware of Pity), dies at 60
  • 1942-02-25 Leo Ascher, Austrian-born composer who moved to the US, dies at 61
  • 1942-03-15 Alexander van Zemlinsky, Austrian and US composer (African Dance), dies at 70
  • 1942-04-15 Robert Musil, Austrian writer (Mann ohne Eigenschaften), dies at 61
  • 1942-05-07 Felix Paul von Weingartner, Austria conductor/composer, dies at 79
  • 1942-10-10 Richard von Schaukal, Austria poet/writer (Schlemihle), dies at 68
  • 1942-12-13 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • 1943-01-10 J Arthur S Berson, Austrian meteorologist, dies at 83
  • 1943-06-06 Karl Landsteiner, Austrian immunologist and pathologist (Nobel 1930), dies at 74
  • 1943-10-31 Max Reinhardt [Goldmann], Austrian theatrical director (Oedipus Rex) and founder of the Salzburg Festival, dies at 70
  • 1944-07-23 Max HHR Nettlau, Austrian historian (Der Anarchismus), dies at 79
  • 1945-04-03 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • 1945-08-20 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, dies at 73
  • 1945-09-15 Anton Friedrich Wilhelm von Webern, Austrian composer, dies at 61
  • 1945-10-08 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), dies at 78
  • 1945-12-22 Otto Neurath, Austrian/British philosopher, dies at 63
  • 1946-07-04 Othenio Able, Austria paleontology, dies at 71
  • 1946-09-21 Olga Engl, Austrian actress (b. 1971)
  • 1946-10-16 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s), hanged at 54
  • 1946-10-16 Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Austrian Nazi (SS), hanged