Austrian History (Part 3)

Austria: Vienna

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 445

  • 1830-12-20 Great Britain, France, Prussia, Austria and Russia recognize Belgium
  • 1834-05-08 Prussia, Austria and Russia sign classified accord about Belgium
  • 1837-11-19 Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens
  • 1840-07-15 Great Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia sign Quadruple Alliance
  • 1848-01-08 Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
  • 1848-04-08 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 1848-04-11 Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under King Ferdinand of Austria
  • 1848-05-29 Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
  • 1848-05-30 Second Battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 1848-06-10 Battle at Vicenza: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
  • 1848-07-25 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
  • 1848-08-09 Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire
  • 1848-12-02 Franz Josef I becomes Emperor of Austria & King of Hungary
  • 1849-04-14 Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader
  • 1849-08-09 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia
  • 1849-08-22 The first air raid in history; Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice

  • 1849-08-28 Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, having been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence
  • 1850-11-29 The treaty, Punctation of Olmütz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, taking over the leadership of German Confederation
  • 1851-03-07 Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
  • 1853-10-02 Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
  • 1857-04-27 Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
  • 1858-09-13 Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire & sinks, 471 die
  • 1859-06-04 Second Italian War of Independence: Battle of Magenta, results in a French-Sardinian victory under Napoleon III over the Austrians under Marshal Ferencz Gyulai

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1859-06-24 Battle of Solferino, Northern Italy: a French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II overcame the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • 1864-02-01 Second Schleswig War begins when Prussian and Austrian forces cross into Schleswig challenging Danish control

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864-04-10 Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I
  • 1864-04-18 Battle of Dybbøl: Denmark is defeated by Prussian and Austrian forces storming Dybbol fort in the deciding battle of the Second Schleswig War
  • 1864-05-09 Ship battle at Helgoland, Austria-Denmark
  • 1864-10-30 Treaty of Vienna signed to end the Second Schleswig War, Denmark losses control of Schleswig to Prussia and Holstein to Austria
  • 1866-04-08 Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
  • 1866-06-15 Prussia attacks Austria
  • 1866-06-20 Italy declares war on Austria beginning the Third Italian War of Independence
  • 1866-06-24 Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage
  • 1866-07-17 Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa
  • 1866-07-20 Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy
  • 1866-08-23 Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war

  • 1867-02-08 The Ausgleich results in the establishment of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
  • 1867-06-12 Austro-Hungarian Empire forms
  • 1869-10-01 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
  • 1873-08-30 Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
  • 1879-10-07 Germany & Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
  • 1881-06-16 Austria-Hungary and Serbia sign military treaty
  • 1882-05-20 Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy sign the Triple Alliance
  • 1883-03-30 45th Grand National: Austrian breeder, owner Count Karel Kinsky rides Zoedone to 10 length win; only 10 starters, the smallest GN field in history; first winning jockey from outside Britain and Ireland
  • 1883-05-15 Italy signs military treaty with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1883-10-30 Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty
  • 1884-09-20 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
  • 1884-12-24 Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1885-11-27 1st photograph of a meteor taken by Austro-Hungarian photographer Ladislaus Weinek in Prague
  • 1887-02-20 Germany, Austria-Hungary & France end Triple Alliance
  • 1887-12-10 Austria-Hungary, Italy and Great Britain sign Balkan military treaty
  • 1889-01-30 Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
  • 1890-03-21 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
  • 1896-02-14 Austro-Hungarian Zionist Theodor Herzl publishes "Der Judenstaat" (The Jewish State), encouraging Jews to purchase land in Palestine
  • 1896-04-11 Hungarian swimmer Alfréd Hajós beats Otto Herschmann of Austria by 0.6s to win the inaugural Olympic 100m freestyle final in 1:22.2 at the Athens Games; also takes out the 1,200m on the same day
  • 1898-09-10 Empress Elizabeth of Austria is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni
  • 1901-01-31 Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, disolved on 7 September 1900 by Emperor Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections have defeated extremists
  • 1901-02-04 Emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Franz Josef I, gives a speech condemning the demands of national groups and calls for economic and social reform
  • 1902-06-28 Germany, Italy, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire renew their Triple Alliance for six more years
  • 1903-02-23 The Sultan agrees to an Austro-Russian plan to reform the government of Macedonia in yet another effort to stifle the rising disorder among the rival Bulgarian
  • 1905-11-22 British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • 1907-01-26 In Austria, universal and direct suffrage (limited to males over 24) is introduced, a reform long demanded by the socialists and others
  • 1908-05-07 Emperor Franz-Joseph celebrates his golden jubilee with festivities throughout the Austro-Hungarian empire
  • 1908-08-13 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies
  • 1908-10-06 Austria annexes Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • 1908-10-07 Serbia & Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
  • 1909-02-16 Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary
  • 1909-02-26 Austria and Turkey conclude an agreement in which Turkey recognizes Austria's 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is to receive compensation
  • 1909-03-21 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • 1909-03-31 In a diplomatic note to Austria, Serbia recognizes the Bosnian annexation and promises to maintain friendly relations with Austria
  • 1911-03-19 1st International Women's Day sees over 1 million men and women attend rallies in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. Issues discussed included women's right to vote and to hold public office, the right to work, to vocational training and an end to discrimination on the job.
  • 1911-06-29 Freiherr Gautsch von Frankenthurn becomes Minister-President of Austria
  • 1912-03-13 Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
  • 1912-11-24 Conflict in the Balkans grows into an acute international crisis with major powers supporting either Austria or Serbia
  • 1912-12-05 The Triple Alliance among Italy, Austria, and Germany (originally signed in 1882) is renewed for six years, beginning in 1914, a move inspired by instability in the Balkans
  • 1912-12-16 Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1913-10-16 George Bernard Shaw's play "Pygmalion" premieres in Hofburg Theatre in Vienna, Austria

MurderAssassination

1914-06-28 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip at 10.45, the casus belli of WWI

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
Assassin Gavrilo Princip
Assassin
Gavrilo Princip
  • 1914-07-05 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
  • 1914-07-23 Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; demanding acceptance within 48 hours making peacekeeping difficult
  • 1914-07-25 Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary
  • 1914-07-25 Serbia meets the deadlines of Austria-Hungary's ultimatum and gives a conciliatory reply, though Serbia is mobilizing
  • 1914-07-28 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI
  • 1914-07-29 Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
  • 1914-07-29 Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
  • 1914-07-29 In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization
  • 1914-07-30 Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-07-30 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

  • 1914-08-05 Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary in World War I
  • 1914-08-06 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • 1914-08-12 France and Great Britian declare war on Austria-Hungary
  • 1914-08-26 -9/10] Russian army attacks Austrian army in Galicia
  • 1914-09-03 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • 1914-12-02 Austria army occupies Belgrade, Serbia
  • 1914-12-15 Serbian troops retake Belgrade in Austria-Hungary
  • 1914-12-17 Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
  • 1915-01-01 Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
  • 1915-05-04 Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1915-05-23 Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary during WW I
  • 1915-06-03 Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 1,021

  • 1794-03-16 Ami Boué, Austrian geologist (d. 1881)
  • 1794-10-13 Anselm Hüttenbrenner, Austrian composer, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1868)
  • 1795-02-05 Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (d. 1871)
  • 1796-06-14 Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician, born in Neu-Raußnitz, Austrian Empire (d. 1866)
  • 1796-07-28 Ignaz Bösendorfer, Austrian musician (d. 1859)
  • 1797-01-12 Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician (d. 1873)
  • 1797-01-22 Maria Leopoldina of Austria, Empress of Brazil (d. 1826)

Person of interestFranz Schubert

1797-01-31 Franz Peter Schubert, Austrian composer (Unfinished Symphony), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1828)

Composer Franz Schubert
Composer
Franz Schubert
  • 1797-07-21 Franz Schoberlechner, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1843)
  • 1798-05-28 Josef Dessauer, Austrian composer, born in Prague (d. 1876)
  • 1800-01-14 Ludwig Alois Ferdinand Köchel, Austrian musicologist, born in Krems an der Donau, Austria (d. 1877)
  • 1801-04-12 Joseph Franz Karl Lanner, Austrian composer and violinist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1843)
  • 1801-12-07 Johann Nestroy, Austrian actor, singer and playwright (Judith und Holofernes), born in Ratibor, Silesia (d. 1862)
  • 1802-01-13 Eduard von Bauernfeld, comedic playwright, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1802-04-13 Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist, born in Vienna (d. 1884)
  • 1802-07-27 Benedikt Randhartinger, Austrian composer, born in Ruprechtshofen, Austria (d. 1893)
  • 1803-01-06 Henri Herz, Austrian pianist and composer, born in Vienna (d. 1888)
  • 1803-04-14 Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1887)
  • 1803-04-27 Alfred Julius Becher, Austrian journalist and composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1848)
  • 1803-07-23 Johann Vesque von Püttlingen, Austrian lawyer and composer, born in Lubomirski Palace, Opole Lubelskie, Poland (d. 1883)
  • 1803-09-19 Maria Anna of Savoy, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, born in Palazzo Colonna, Rome, Papal States (d. 1884)

Person of interestChristian Doppler

1803-11-29 Christian Doppler, Austrian physicist (Doppler effect), born in Salzburg, Austria (d. 1853)

  • 1804-03-14 Johann Strauss the Elder, Viennese violinist and composer (Radetzky March), born in Leopoldstadt, Austria (d. 1849)
  • 1804-04-04 Joseph Fischhof, Czech-Austrian pianist and composer, born in Bučovice, Moravia (d. 1857)
  • 1804-06-24 Stephan Endlicher, Austrian botanist, born in Pressburg (Pozsony), Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1849)
  • 1804-07-14 Ludwig A Benedek, Austrian general
  • 1805-01-27 Sophie of Bavaria, archduchess of Austria (d. 1872)
  • 1805-08-18 Josef Danhauser, Austrian painter (Mutterliebe), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1845)
  • 1805-08-23 Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman, born in Lichtental, Vienna, Austria (d. 1893)
  • 1805-10-23 Adalbert Stifter, Austrian author (Nachsommer)
  • 1806-02-14 Lajos, Count Batthyany, 1st Prime Minister of Hungary, born in Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1849)
  • 1806-04-29 Ernst Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austrian physician and philosopher, born in Vienna (d. 1849)
  • 1808-01-12 Paul "the Great" Taglioni, ballet choreographer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1808-08-30 Princess Ludovika of Bavaria, Mother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, born in Munich (d. 1892)
  • 1809-10-02 Anton Emil Titl, Austrian composer, born in Nedvědice (d. 1882)
  • 1809-11-22 Benedict Augustin Morel, Austrian-French psychologist (dementia praecox), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1810-06-23 Franziska"Fanny" Elssler, Austrian ballerina
  • 1810-06-30 Stanko Vraz [Jakob Frass], Slovenian-Croatian poet (illyrism), born in Cerovec in Lower Styria, Austrian Empire (d. 1851)
  • 1810-07-18 Peter [Josef Anton] Singer, Austrian monk, organist and composer, born in Unterhäselgehr, Tyrol (d. 1882)
  • 1810-12-07 Josef Hyrtl, Austrian anatomist, born in Eisenstadt, Austria (d. 1894)
  • 1811-11-07 Karel Jaromír Erben, Czech poet (Bouquet), born in Miletín, Austria (d. 1870)
  • 1812-03-09 Jakob Eduard Schmolzer, Austrian composer, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1886)
  • 1812-06-28 Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1905)
  • 1813-01-04 Alexander Freiherr von Bach, Austria attorney/premier (1852-59)
  • 1815-09-04 Mihály Mosonyi, Hungarian composer, born in Boldogasszony, Austria-Hungary (d. 1870)
  • 1815-10-25 Philipp Fahrbach the Elder, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1885)
  • 1816-11-17 August W Ambros, Austria musicologist (History of Music)
  • 1816-11-29 Carl Binder, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1860)
  • 1817-08-03 Archduke Albrecht of Austria, Duke of Teschen (Battle at Custozza), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1895)
  • 1819-03-29 Isaac Mayer Wise, American rabbi and founder (American Hebrew Congregations), born in Steingrub, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1900)
  • 1819-04-18 Franz von Suppé, Austrian composer (Poet und Bauer), born in Spalato, Dalmatia, Austrian Empire (d. 1895)
  • 1819-05-18 Julius Hopp, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1885)
  • 1819-09-06 Carl Ferdinand Pohl, German-Austrian music historian and composer, born in Darmstadt, Hesse, Germany (d. 1887)
  • 1821-03-15 Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (d. 1895)
  • 1822-01-30 Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1899)
  • 1822-03-08 Ignacy Lukasiewicz, Polish engineer, businessman and inventor, born in Zaduszniki, Mielec, Austrian Empire (d. 1882)

Person of interestGregor Mendel

1822-07-20 Gregor Mendel, Austrian monk and geneticist (discoverer of laws of heredity), born in Heinzendorf, Austria (d. 1884)

Monk/Geneticist Gregor Mendel
Monk/Geneticist
Gregor Mendel
  • 1822-09-09 Napoléon JKP Bonaparte, French prince and member of National Convention, born in Trieste, Austrian Empire (d. 1891)
  • 1822-10-15 Alfred Meissner, Austrian poet (Ziska), born in Teplice, Czech Republic (d. 1885)
  • 1823-03-03 Gyula Andrássy Sr, Prime Minister of Hungary (1867-71), born in Kassa, Austrian Empire (d. 1890)
  • 1824-09-04 Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer (Te Deum, Wagner Symphony), Wagner disciple and "monumental bore", born in Ansfelden, Austria (d. 1896)
  • 1824-09-19 Carl Ignaz Franz Umlauf, Austrian composer, born in Baden, Austria (d. 1902)
  • 1825-10-25 Johann Baptist Strauss Jr., Austrian composer (Waltz King), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1899)
  • 1825-12-04 Hynek Vojáček, Czech composer, born in Zlín, Empire of Austria (d. 1916)
  • 1826-03-23 Ludwig Minkus, Austrian ballet composer, born in Vienna (d. 1917)
  • 1826-06-16 Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist and botanist (d. 1897)
  • 1826-12-21 Ernst Pauer, Austrian composer and pianist, born in Vienna (d. 1905)
  • 1827-08-20 Josef Strauss, Austrian composer (Dorfschwalben aus Austria), born in Mariahilf, Austria (d. 1870)
  • 1827-12-23 Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff, Austrian admiral (Helgoland/Lissa)
  • 1828-11-25 Franjo Rački, Croatian historian and politician, born in Fužine, Austrian Empire (d. 1894)
  • 1829-06-13 Antonio Zamara, Austrian harpist and composer, born in Milan (d. 1901)
  • 1830-03-24 Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (d. 1889)
  • 1830-05-18 Karl Goldmark, Austro-Hungarian composer (Sakuhtala), born in Keszthely, Hungary (d. 1915)
  • 1830-08-18 Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1916)
  • 1830-09-13 Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (The Child of the Parish), born in Zdislavič, Moravia (d. 1916)
  • 1830-11-23 Kaspar CE Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austria sculptor
  • 1831-01-17 Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria (d. 1903)
  • 1831-06-10 W. A. Remy [Wilhelm Mayer], Austro-Bohemian composer, born in Prague (d. 1898)
  • 1831-11-12 Anton Kerner Ritter von Marilaun, Austria botanist

Person of interestMaximilian I

1832-07-06 Maximilian I of Mexico and Archduke of Austria, first and only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire, born in Vienna, Austria

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I
  • 1833-02-24 Eduard earl von Taaffe, Austrian premier (1868..93)
  • 1835-03-15 Eduard Strauss, Austrian composer (318 Dance)
  • 1835-03-24 Josef Stefan, Austrian physicist (Stefan-Boltzmann law)
  • 1835-10-01 Ádám Politzer, Hungarian-Austrian physician, born in Albertirsa, Pest, Hungary (d. 1920)
  • 1835-11-05 Moritz Szeps, Austrian journalist and newspaper publisher, born in Busk, Austrian Galicia (d. 1902)
  • 1836-01-27 Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (masochism)
  • 1836-05-17 Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian world chess champion (1866-94), born in Prague, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1900)
  • 1836-08-23 Marie Henriette of Austria, Queen of the Belgians, born in Buda Castle, Budapest, Hungary (d. 1902)
  • 1837-06-07 Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler, born in Strones, Waldviertel, Austrian Empire (d. 1903)
  • 1837-12-24 Empress Elisabeth of Austria, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1898)
  • 1837-12-25 Cosima Liszt, wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner
  • 1838-02-18 Ernst Mach, Chirlitz-Turas Austria, physicist/philosopher/psychologist
  • 1838-07-06 Vatroslav Jagić, Croatian scholar of Slavic studies, born in Varaždin, Austrian Empire (d. 1923)
  • 1839-11-29 Ludwig Anzengruber, Austrian playwright (Der Schandfleck)
  • 1840-02-23 Carl Menger, Austrian economist
  • 1840-05-29 Hans Makart, Austrian painter (Plague in Florenz), born in Salzburg, Austria (d. 1884)
  • 1841-04-25 Pauline Lucca, Austrian operatic soprano, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1908)
  • 1841-04-26 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian, born in Schönborn, Austrian Empire (d. 1886)
  • 1841-07-13 Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
  • 1842-01-15 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1925)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 583

  • 1867-09-10 Simon Sechter, Austrian composer and music theorist, dies at 78
  • 1868-01-28 Adalbert Stifter, Austrian author (Witiko), commits suicide at 62
  • 1868-06-05 Anselm Hüttenbrenner, Austrian composer, dies at 73
  • 1870-07-22 Josef Strauss, Austrian composer (Dynamids), dies at 42
  • 1871-03-19 Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (b. 1795)
  • 1872-01-21 Franz Grillparzer, Austrian playwright (Sappho/Libussa), dies at 81
  • 1873-03-30 Benedict Augustin Morel, Austrian-French psychologist (dementia praecox), dies at 63
  • 1873-05-14 Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician and writer (b. 1797)
  • 1875-06-29 Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria (1835-48), dies at 82
  • 1876-06-28 August W Ambros, Austria musicologist, dies at 59
  • 1876-07-08 Josef Dessauer, Austrian composer, dies at 78
  • 1877-06-03 Ludwig Ritter von Köchel, Austrian musicologist (b. 1800)
  • 1880-08-05 Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra, Austrian physician (b. 1816)
  • 1881-04-27 Ludwig von Benedek, Austrian general, dies at 76
  • 1881-11-21 Ami Boué, Austrian geologist (b. 1794)
  • 1882-01-21 Anton Emil Titl, Austrian composer, dies at 72
  • 1883-10-30 Johann Vesque von Püttlingen, Austrian lawyer and composer, dies at 80

Person of interestGregor Mendel

1884-01-06 Gregor Mendel, Austrian monk and geneticist (discoverer of laws of heredity), dies at 61

Monk/Geneticist Gregor Mendel
Monk/Geneticist
Gregor Mendel
  • 1884-01-06 Paul Taglioni, "the Great," Ital/Austrian choreographer, dies at 75
  • 1884-05-04 Maria Anna of Savoy, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, dies at 80
  • 1884-06-25 Hans Rott, Austrian composer, dies at 25
  • 1884-07-18 Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist (b. 1829)
  • 1884-09-20 Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist, dies at 82
  • 1884-10-03 Hans Makart, Austrian painter (Geur), dies at 44
  • 1884-11-27 Franziska "Fanny" Elssler, Austrian ballerina/choreography, dies at 74
  • 1885-03-31 Philipp Fahrbach the Elder, Austrian composer, dies at 69
  • 1885-05-29 Alfred Meissner, Austrian poet (Ziska), dies at 62
  • 1885-08-28 Julius Hopp, Austrian composer, dies at 66
  • 1885-09-13 Friedrich Kiel, Austrian composer (b. 1821)
  • 1886-01-09 Jakob Eduard Schmolzer, Austrian composer, dies at 73
  • 1887-01-14 Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter, dies at 83
  • 1887-04-28 Carl Ferdinand Pohl, German-Austrian music historian & composer, dies at 67
  • 1888-01-05 Henri Herz, Austrian composer, dies at a day before his 85th birthday
  • 1889-01-30 Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria (b. 1858)
  • 1889-05-15 Alfred Potocki, premier Austrian/governor/viceroy of Galicia, dies
  • 1889-07-13 Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (b. 1830)
  • 1889-12-10 Ludwig Anzengruber, Austrian playwright, dies at 50
  • 1891-10-22 Ernst von Fleischl-Marxow, Austrian physiologist (b. 1846)
  • 1892-09-17 Ignaz V Zingerle Edler von Simmersberg, Austrian, dies
  • 1893-05-23 Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman, dies at 87
  • 1893-06-07 Johann Schrammel, Austrian composer, dies at 43
  • 1893-11-12 Alexander Freiherr von Bach, premier of Austria (1852-59), dies at 80
  • 1893-12-22 Benedikt Randhartinger, Austrian composer, dies at 91
  • 1894-07-17 Josef Hyrtl, Austrian anatomist, dies at 83
  • 1895-02-02 Archduke Albert, Austrian general (b. 1817)
  • 1895-02-18 Archduke Albrecht of Austria, Duke of Teschen (Battle at Custozza), dies at 77
  • 1895-03-09 Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (Masochism), dies at 59
  • 1895-05-21 Franz von Suppé, Austrian composer (Poet und Bauer), dies at 76
  • 1895-07-08 Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (b. 1821)
  • 1895-10-31 Franz Hedrich, Austria writer, dies at about 62
  • 1895-11-29 Eduard count von Taaffe, Austria premier (1868..93), dies at 62
  • 1896-10-11 Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer (Te Deum, Wagner Symphony), Wagner disciple and "monumental bore", dies at 72
  • 1897-02-01 Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist (b. 1826)
  • 1898-01-23 W. A. Remy [Wilhelm Mayer], Austro-Bohemian composer, dies at 66
  • 1898-06-22 Anton Kerner Ritter von Marilaun, Austria botanist, dies at 66
  • 1898-08-17 Carl Johann Adam Zeller, Austrian composer, dies at 56
  • 1898-09-10 Elisabeth AE, empress of Austria/wife of Franz Joseph I, dies at 60
  • 1899-03-20 Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist, dies at 77
  • 1899-06-03 Johann Baptist Strauss Jr., Austrian composer (Waltz King), dies at 73
  • 1899-10-05 Johann Nepomuk Fuchs, Austrian composer, dies at 57
  • 1900-08-12 Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian world chess champion (1866-94), dies at 64
  • 1900-10-09 Heinrich von Herzogenberg, Austrian composer, dies at 57
  • 1901-11-11 Antonio Zamara, Austrian harpist and composer, dies at 72
  • 1902-02-25 Carl Ignaz Franz Umlauf, Austrian composer, dies at 77
  • 1903-02-22 Hugo Filipp Jakob Wolf, Austrian composer (Corregidor), dies at 42
  • 1903-10-04 Otto Weininger, Austrian philosopher (b. 1880)
  • 1904-07-03 Theodor Herzl, Austrian journalist and founder (Zionist movement), dies at 44
  • 1904-10-04 Karl Bayer, Austrian chemist (b. 1847)
  • 1904-10-08 Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austrian sociologist and general, dies at 62
  • 1905-03-12 Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter, dies at 92
  • 1905-05-09 Ernst Pauer, Austrian composer & pianist, dies at 78
  • 1906-08-30 Hans Auer, Swiss-Austrian architect, dies at 59
  • 1906-09-05 Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (thermodynamics), dies at 62
  • 1906-12-21 Adalbert von Goldschmidt, Austrian composer, dies at 58
  • 1907-02-05 Ludwig Thuille, Austrian composer (sextet for piano and wind quintet), dies of a heart attack at 45
  • 1907-10-08 Alfred, Liechtensteins noble of Austrian Herrenhaus, dies at 65
  • 1908-02-28 Pauline Lucca, Austrian operatic soprano, dies at 66
  • 1909-07-09 Kasimir Felix Badeni, Premier of Polish/Austria (1895-97), dies at 62
  • 1910-03-10 Karl Lueger, Austrian politician, cofounder and leader of the Austrian Christian Social Party, dies at 65
  • 1911-02-11 Albert Salomon Anselm von Rothschild, Austrian banker and member of the Rothschild banking family of Austria, dies at 66
  • 1911-05-18 Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer & conductor (Children's Death Songs), dies of heart disease at 50
  • 1911-07-02 Felix Mottl, Austrian conductor and composer (Agnes Bernauer), dies at 54
  • 1912-02-17 Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal, Austrian diplomat (Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary 1906-12), dies at 57
  • 1912-08-24 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, dies at 59
  • 1914-06-21 Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, 1st woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize (1905), dies at 71
  • 1914-06-28 Sophie, Princess of Austria, assassinated

MurderFranz Ferdinand

1914-06-28 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria is assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip, led to declarations of war in WWI

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • 1914-11-03 Georg Trakl, Austria poet (Totentag, Cocaine Overdose), dies at 27
  • 1915-01-02 Karl Goldmark, Austria-Hungarian composer (Queen of Saba), dies at 84
  • 1915-09-27 Kaspar C E Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austrian sculptor, dies at 84
  • 1916-02-19 Ernst Mach, Austrian physicist/philosopher/psychologist, dies at 78
  • 1916-03-12 Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (The Child of the Parish), dies at 39
  • 1916-10-21 Karl von Storgkh, premier Austria, assassinated
  • 1916-11-21 Franz Jozef I, King of Austria/Hungary, dies
  • 1916-12-05 Hans Richter, Austrian-Hungarian composer, dies at 73
  • 1916-12-28 Eduard Strauss, Austrian composer (318 dances), dies at 81
  • 1917-12-07 Ludwig Minkus, Austrian ballet composer, dies at 91
  • 1918-02-06 Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter/cartoonist, dies at 55
  • 1918-06-26 Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate, dies at 74
  • 1918-10-31 Egon Schiele, Austrian painter and graphic artist, dies at 28