Austrian History (Part 4)

Austria: Vienna

Historical Events

Events 301 - 400 of 445

  • 1915-06-23 Italians launch the first of what will become 11 battles to dislodge the Austrians from the Isonzo River, which keeps the Italians from Trieste
  • 1915-07-15 The Austro-German forces launch an offensive along the Eastern Front
  • 1915-11-08 An Austrian-Hungarian submarine torpedos and sinks the Italian liner 'Ancona' without warning; over 200 lives lost
  • 1916-01-05 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro
  • 1916-01-25 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
  • 1916-02-11 Germany and Austria-Hungary notify the US that they will sink any armed merchant ships starting on 1 March
  • 1916-02-16 The US rejects the right of Germany and Austria-Hungary to sink armed merchant ships
  • 1916-05-15 Asiago, Italy, falls when Austrian troops attack the Italian front
  • 1916-08-02 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto
  • 1916-08-27 Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916-11-05 Emperors Wilhelm II (Germany) and Franz Jozef I (Austria-Hungary) establish the kingdom of Poland

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1916-12-13 Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian and Italian troops in 24 hrs in Tyrol
  • 1917-01-08 Austria-Hungarian troops conquer Forlani Italy
  • 1917-08-14 China declares war on Germany & Austria
  • 1917-10-24 Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
  • 1917-11-26 The new government of Russia offers an armistice to Germany and Austria-Hungary

  • 1917-12-05 Austro-German Forces launch an offensive against the Italians on the western end of their line, around Asiago
  • 1917-12-07 US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I
  • 1918-01-16 Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war
  • 1918-03-03 Facing internal counterrevolutionary pressures and external German offensive, Bolsheviks forced to sign harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1918-04-15 Georges Clémenceau publishes secret French/Austrian documents

Prime Minister of France Georges Clémenceau
Prime Minister of France
Georges Clémenceau
  • 1918-09-14 WWI: Austria-Hungary sends a note to the Allies requesting peace discussions, but the Allies reject the offer
  • 1918-10-18 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • 1918-10-28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
  • 1918-11-03 Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolves
  • 1918-11-04 The Allied armistice with Austria-Hungary, signed 3 November, goes into effect
  • 1918-11-11 Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
  • 1918-11-12 Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
  • 1919-02-21 German National Meeting accepts Anschluss: incorporation of Austria
  • 1919-03-12 Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)
  • 1919-04-03 Austria expels all Habsburgers
  • 1919-06-20 Treaty of Versailles: Germany ends incorporation of Austria
  • 1919-09-10 Treaty of St Germain: Austria ends incorporation with Germany
  • 1919-12-17 Austrian parliament approves 8-hour working day
  • 1920-03-01 Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Admiral Horthy
  • 1921-05-30 Salzburg, Austria, votes to join Germany

  • 1921-08-23 Austria and the US formally end war; the US does the same with Germany on the 25th, and Hungary on the 29th
  • 1922-10-04 Protocol of Genevia signed: Austria gains independence
  • 1922-10-07 Oud-burgem of Rotterdam Zimmerman becomes High Comm's of Austria
  • 1924-11-08 Austria chancellor Ignaz Seipel, resigns after assassination attempt
  • 1924-12-09 Michael Hainisch re-elected Austrian president
  • 1926-02-04 Austrian chancellor Seipel wants to join Germany
  • 1926-10-15 Austria government of Seipel, forms
  • 1927-07-15 Massacre in Vienna: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police
  • 1928-06-28 Friedrich Schmiedl attempts rocket mail in Austria (unsuccessful)
  • 1928-12-05 Wilhelm Miklas elected president of Austria
  • 1929-04-01 Austrian government of Ignaz Seipel falls
  • 1929-04-30 Ernst Streeruwitz becomes Chancellor of Austria, lasts less than 5 months
  • 1929-09-26 John Schrober becomes chancellor of Austria
  • 1930-09-25 Austrian government of Vaugoin forms
  • 1930-12-03 Otto Ender forms Austrian government
  • 1931-01-26 Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
  • 1931-02-02 1st use of a rocket to deliver mail (Austria)
  • 1931-05-11 Credit-Anstalt, Austria's largest bank, fails, beginning financial collapse of Central Europe
  • 1931-06-16 Austrian government of Ender falls
  • 1931-06-20 Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
  • 1931-09-13 Right-radical coup of Dr Pfrimer fails in Austria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932-02-25 Austrian immigrant Adolf Hitler gets German citizenship

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1932-05-20 Engelbert Dollfuss becomes chancellor of Austria
  • 1932-10-19 Austria forbids demonstration by Nazis & anti fascists
  • 1933-03-04 Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves Austrian parliament
  • 1933-05-27 Austrian communist party banned
  • 1933-06-19 Austrian government-Dollfuss bans nazi-organizations
  • 1934-02-01 Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his
  • 1934-02-12 The four-day February Uprising, sometimes called the Austrian Civil War, begins.
  • 1934-02-13 Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialist party
  • 1934-02-16 Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund
  • 1934-04-30 Austria gets "Austrian facist" constitution
  • 1934-05-01 Austria signs pact with Vatican
  • 1934-07-25 Failed Nazi coup in Austria
  • 1935-12-01 Austria has world's 1st Day of Postage Stamp
  • 1936-03-23 Italy, Austria & Hungary sign Pact of Rome
  • 1938-02-12 Austrian chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg visits Adolf Hitler in Berchtesgaden
  • 1938-03-11 Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country
  • 1938-03-12 Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
  • 1938-03-13 In a process known as Anschluss, Austria is annexed into Nazi Germany
  • 1938-04-10 Austria becomes a state of Germany
  • 1938-04-26 Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks
  • 1938-08-28 Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria
  • 1938-11-09 Kristallnacht begins: pogrom against Jews in Germany and Austria - first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violence, begins
  • 1938-11-10 Second day of Kristallnacht: pogrom against the Jews in Germany and Austria after assassination of a German diplomat in Paris
  • 1938-11-11 German & Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in nazi
  • 1941-07-26 1st Dutch Austrians depart Hague
  • 1942-10-10 1,300 Austrian Jews transported to Theresienstadt concentration camp
  • 1944-08-17 Soviet troops arrive at Austria-Prussia border
  • 1944-10-06 Canadians free Austria
  • 1945-03-30 USSR invades Austria
  • 1945-04-27 2nd Republic of Austria forms
  • 1945-05-05 Mauthausen Concentration camp in Austria liberated by US forces from 41st Reconnaissance Squadron

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1945-07-31 Pierre Laval, fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • 1945-12-19 Austrian Republic re-establishes
  • 1953-04-02 Raab forms his 1st government in Austria
  • 1954-01-11 2 ton locomotive swept into ravine by avalanche 10 die (Austria)
  • 1954-01-12 Austria's worst avalanche-kills 200; 9hrs later 2nd one-kills 115
  • 1955-02-17 Ice Dance Championship at Vienna Austria won by J Westwood/Demmy GRB
  • 1955-05-15 Vienna Treaty: Britain, France, US & USSR restore Austria's independence
  • 1955-07-27 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation since WWII
  • 1955-08-25 Last Soviet forces leave Austria
  • 1955-09-21 Last allied occupying troops leave Austria
  • 1955-10-25 Austria resumed its sovereignty after departure of last Allied occupation forces, for 1st time since German occupation of 1938

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 301 - 400 of 1,021

  • 1842-04-29 Carl Millöcker, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1899)
  • 1842-05-05 Johann Nepomuk Fuchs, Austrian composer, born in Frauental, Styria, Austria (d. 1899)
  • 1842-06-19 Carl Johann Adam Zeller, Austrian composer, born in Sankt Peter in der Au, Austria (d. 1898)
  • 1842-06-29 Josef Labor, Austrian composer, born in Hořovice, Bohemia (d. 1924)
  • 1842-07-04 Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austrian sociologist and general, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1904)
  • 1843-04-04 Hans Richter, Austrian-Hungarian composer, born in Raab, Kingdom of Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1916)
  • 1843-05-02 Karl Michael Ziehrer, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1922)
  • 1843-06-09 Bertha von Suttner, Austrian novelist and pacifist (1st woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1905), born in Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia (d. 1914)
  • 1843-06-10 Heinrich von Herzogenberg, Austrian composer, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1900)

Person of interestCamillo Golgi

1843-07-07 Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and medical researcher (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1906), born in Corteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • 1843-07-31 Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate, born in Krieglach, Austria (d. 1918)
  • 1843-09-04 Ján Levoslav Bella, Slovak composer, born in Liptovský Mikuláš, Austrian Empire (d. 1936)
  • 1844-02-20 Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (statistical mechanics)
  • 1844-02-20 Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (thermodynamics), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1906)
  • 1844-10-24 Karl Lueger, Austrian politician, cofounder and leader of the Austrian Christian Social Party, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1910)
  • 1844-10-29 Albert Salomon Anselm von Rothschild, Austrian banker and member of the Rothschild banking family of Austria, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1911)
  • 1845-04-18 Wilhelm Gericke, Austrian composer, born in Schwanberg, Austria (d. 1925)
  • 1845-12-23 Gustave Ador, Swiss politician and President of the Confederation (1919), born in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1928)
  • 1846-05-29 Albert Apponyi, Hungarian politician (Minister of Religion and Education of Hungary), born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1847-03-04 Karl Bayer, Austrian chemist (d. 1904)
  • 1847-04-10 Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian publisher (St Louis Post-Dispatch, NY World), born in Makó, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1911)
  • 1847-04-16 Hans Auer, Swiss-Austrian architect, born in Wädenswil, Switerland (d. 1906)
  • 1848-05-05 Adalbert von Goldschmidt, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1906)
  • 1848-08-01 František Kmoch, Czech composer and conductor, born in Zásmuky, Austrian Empire (d. 1912)
  • 1848-10-05 Guido von List, Austrian-German occultist and novelist (Jung Diethers Heimkehr), born in Vienna (d. 1919)
  • 1849-07-02 Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, Queen of Bavaria, born in Brno, Austrian Empire (d. 1919)
  • 1849-07-29 Max Nordau, Austrian author and Zionist leader (d. 1923)
  • 1849-11-22 Fritz Mauthner, Austro-Hungarian novelist & critic, born in Hořice, Czech Republic (d. 1923)

Person of interestTomáš Garrigue Masaryk

1850-03-07 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), born in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (d. 1937)

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1850-05-22 Johann Schrammel, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1893)
  • 1852-05-29 Heinrich Kàan-Albest, Bohemian pianist and composer, born in Ternopil, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1852-06-24 Victor Adler, Austrian politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Prague, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1852-11-11 Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, born in Penzing, Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1925)
  • 1852-11-25 Johan Salvator, Archduke of Austria, born in Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (d. 1890)
  • 1853-04-30 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1912)
  • 1853-10-14 Ciprian Porumbescu, Romanian composer, born in Șipotele Sucevei, Duchy of Bukovina, Austrian Empire (d. 1883)
  • 1854-05-05 Antonio Smareglia, Italian composer, born in Pula, Austria-Hungary (d. 1929)
  • 1854-05-24 Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, admiral (WWI), born in Graz, Austrian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1854-07-03 Leoš Janáček, Czech composer, born in Hukvaldy, Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1928)
  • 1854-07-04 Victor Babeş, Romanian physician and bacteriologist, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1854-10-16 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist
  • 1854-11-27 Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal, Austrian diplomat (Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary 1906-12), born in Groß Skal, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1912)
  • 1855-04-18 Josef Gruber, Austrian organist and composer, born Wösendorf in the Wachau (d. 1933)
  • 1855-07-19 Emil Paur, Austrian conductor, born in Czernowitz, Austria (d. 1932)
  • 1855-09-09 Anthony Francis Lucas, Croatian-American oil exploration pioneer, born in Split, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)
  • 1855-10-12 August Sauer, Austrian literature historian (Euphorion), born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1926)
  • 1855-11-01 Guido Adler, Bohemian-Austrian musicologist (Still in the Music), born in Eibenschütz, Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1942)

Person of interestSigmund Freud

1856-05-06 Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and father of psychology, born in Freiberg, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud

Person of interestNikola Tesla

1856-07-10 Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist, electrical engineer and inventor, developed alternating current and the Tesla Coil, born in Smiljan, Austrian Empire (now Croatia) (d. 1943)

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • 1856-08-24 Felix Mottl, Austrian conductor and composer (Agnes Bernauer), born in Unter-St.-Veit, Austria (d. 1911)
  • 1856-12-13 Svetozar Boroević, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, born in Umetić, Croatian Military Frontier, Austrian Empire (d. 1920)
  • 1857-01-17 Wilhelm Kienzl, Austrian composer (Evangelimann)
  • 1857-03-07 Julius Wagner von Jauregg, Austrian psychiatrist (Nobel 1927)
  • 1857-05-31 Pius XI [Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti], Italian 259th Pope (1922-39), born in Desio, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)
  • 1858-07-21 Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain, born in Židlochovice Castle, Moravia (d. 1929)
  • 1858-08-01 Hans Rott, Austrian composer and organist, born in Vienna (d. 1884)
  • 1858-10-04 Mihajlo Pupin, Serbian-American physicist and telephone pioneer, born in Idvor, Military Frontier of Austria (d. 1935)
  • 1859-04-08 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (founded School of Phenomenology), born in Proßnitz, Margraviate of Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1860-03-13 Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer, born in Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia (d. 1903)
  • 1860-05-02 Theodor Herzl, Austrian journalist and founder (Zionist movement), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1904)
  • 1860-05-04 Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, Austrian composer (Donna Diana), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1945)
  • 1860-06-30 Gyula Andrássy, Jr., Hungarian politician (Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary (1918-20)), born in Tőketerebes, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1860-07-07 Gustav Mahler, Kalischat Bohemia Austria, composer/conductor (Titan)
  • 1860-07-24 Alphonse Mucha, Czech Nouveau painter and artist, born in Ivančice, Margraviate of Moravia, Austrian Empire (now Czech Republic) (d. 1939)
  • 1861-02-26 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1861-10-14 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer, born in Split, Austria-Hungary (d. 1944)
  • 1861-11-30 Ludwig Thuille, Austrian composer (sextet for piano and wind quintet), born in Bozen, Tyrol (now Bozano, Italy) (d. 1907)
  • 1861-12-19 Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • 1862-05-15 Arthur Schnitzler, Austrian playwright/novelist (La Ronde)
  • 1862-06-07 Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist (Nobel 1905), born in Pozsony, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1862-07-14 Gustav Klimt, Austrian Art Nouveau painter
  • 1863-04-29 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), born in Loosdorf, Lower Austria, Austrian Empire (d. 1922)
  • 1863-06-13 Josef Venantius von Woss, Austrian composer, born in Kotor, Montenegro (d. 1943)
  • 1863-07-19 Hermann Bahr, Austrian writer (Concert), born in Linz, Austria (d. 1934)

Person of interestFranz Ferdinand

1863-12-18 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria whose assassination in 1914 led to declarations of war in WWI, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1914)

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • 1864-05-27 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (23rd Mayor of Split), born in Split, Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1864-09-27 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic priest, born in Liptó County, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1865-04-13 Heinrich Reinhardt, Austrian composer, born in Pressburg (d. 1922)
  • 1865-04-17 Ursula Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint and foundress of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, born in Loosdorf, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)
  • 1865-04-30 Max Nettlau, German anarchist and historian, born in Neuwaldegg, Austria (d. 1944)
  • 1865-07-06 Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Swiss musician, composer, and pedagogue (Dalcroze Eurythmics), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1950)
  • 1865-07-15 Wilhelm Wirtinger, Austrian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1866-02-16 Johann Strauss III, Austrian composer and conductor (Dem Muthigen gehört die Welt), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1939)
  • 1866-07-11 Richard Beer-Hofmann, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 1945)
  • 1866-10-07 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
  • 1867-12-22 Joseph Maria Olbrich, Austrian architect (Wiener Sezession), born in Opava, Czech Republic (d. 1908)
  • 1868-01-01 Snitz Edwards, Hungarian actor (College, Phantom of the Opera), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1937)
  • 1868-04-22 Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria, 4th and last child of Franz Joseph I of Austria and Elisabeth of Bavaria, born in Ofen (Buda), Austria-Hungary (d. 1924)
  • 1868-06-14 Karl Landsteiner, Austrian immunologist and pathologist (Nobel 1930), born in Baden bei Wien, Austria-Hungary (d. 1943)
  • 1868-06-19 Heinrich Schenker, Austrian musicologist (Urlinie) know for his Schenkerian analysis of music, born in Wisniowczyki, Austrian Galicia (d. 1935)
  • 1868-12-14 Richard Batka, Austrian music critic and composer, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1922)
  • 1869-03-29 Aleš Hrdlička, Austro-Hungarian anthropologist and curator (US National Museum), born in Humpolec, Austria-Hungary (d. 1943)
  • 1869-04-25 Karl Prohaska, Austrian composer, born in Mödling, Austria (d. 1927)
  • 1869-08-10 Lawrence Binyon, poet (Symbolic Wounds), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1869-09-04 Karl Seitz, President of Austria (1920), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1950)
  • 1869-09-06 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1870-02-07 Alfred Adler, Austrian psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex)
  • 1870-03-06 Oscar Straus, composer (Ein Walzertraum), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1870-04-30 Franz Lehár, Austrian-Hungarian composer (Naughty Marietta), born in Komárom, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • 1870-09-02 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (d. 1947)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 301 - 400 of 583

  • 1918-11-11 Victor Adler, Austrian politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), dies at 66
  • 1919-02-03 Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, Queen of Bavaria, dies at 69
  • 1920-05-23 Svetozar Boroević, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, dies at 63
  • 1920-08-10 Ádám Politzer, Hungarian-Austrian physician, dies at 84
  • 1921-02-26 Carl Menger, Austrian economist, dies at 81
  • 1921-05-05 Alfred Hermann Fried, German pacifist (Nobel 1911-co-founder of the German peace movement), dies at 56
  • 1922-04-01 Charles I, emperor (Austria)/King of Hungary (Charles IV), dies
  • 1922-07-06 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), dies at 59
  • 1923-01-23 Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
  • 1924-01-04 Alfred Grünfeld, Austrian pianist, composer (b. 1852)
  • 1924-04-26 Josef Labor, Austrian composer, dies at 82
  • 1925-03-30 Rudolf Steiner, Austrian philosopher (anthroposophy), dies at 64
  • 1925-06-20 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (b. 1842)
  • 1925-08-25 Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, dies at 72
  • 1925-09-16 Leo Fall, Austria operetta composer (That Pink von Stambul), dies at 52
  • 1926-09-17 August Sauer, Austrian literature historian (Euphorion), dies at 70
  • 1928-03-31 Gustave Ador, Swiss politician and President of the Confederation (1919, dies at 82
  • 1929-02-28 Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet, Austrian artist (React of P), dies at 54
  • 1929-09-23 Richard A Zsigmondy, Austria chemist (Nobel 1925), dies at 64
  • 1930-04-01 Cosima Liszt, wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner, dies at 92
  • 1930-12-13 Fritz Pregl, Slovenian/Austrian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1932-04-04 Ottokar Czernin, Austro-Hungarian diplomat (Imperial Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary) and politician, dies at 59
  • 1932-06-07 Emil Paur, Austrian conductor, dies at 76
  • 1933-08-22 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses), dies at 62
  • 1933-08-23 Adolph Loos, Austrian architect, dies at 62
  • 1933-09-25 Paul Ehrenfest, Austria/Neth physicist, dies at 53
  • 1934-01-15 Hermann Bahr, Austrian writer (Concert), dies at 70
  • 1934-03-21 Franz Schreker, Austrian composer, dies after suffering from a stroke at 55
  • 1934-06-27 Max Pallenberg, Austrian extempore farce actor (Morn to Midnight), husband of Operetta star Fritzi Massary, dies in air crash at 56
  • 1934-07-25 Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian Fascist chancellor, assassinated by nazis at 41
  • 1935-01-14 Heinrich Schenker, Austrian musicologist (Urlinie) know for his Schenkerian analysis of music, dies at 66
  • 1935-11-28 Erich von Hornbostel, Austrian musicologist (b. 1877)
  • 1936-03-18 Egon Friedell, Austrian journalist, actor and writer (Kleine Portratgalerie, Der Partylowe), commits suicide to avoid arrest by the Gestapo at 58
  • 1936-04-08 Robert Bárány, Austrian physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1936-06-12 Karl Kraus, Austrian satirical writer, dies at 62
  • 1936-06-22 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher assassinated at 54 by former student Johann Nelböck
  • 1936-09-16 Karl Buresch, Austrian lawyer and politician, dies at 57
  • 1936-11-17 Ernestine Schumann-Heink, Austrian contralto (b. 1861)
  • 1936-12-18 Andrija Mohorovičić, Austro-Hungarian-born Yugoslav seismologist (b. 1857)
  • 1937-04-02 Nathan Birnbaum, Austria philosopher (Zionism), dies at about 72
  • 1937-05-28 Alfred Adler, Austria psychiatrist (Individual Psychology), dies at 67
  • 1937-06-28 Max Adler, Austrian socialist theorist, dies at 64
  • 1938-05-17 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and Zionist, dies at 60
  • 1938-07-04 Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democrat, dies at 56
  • 1938-10-18 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist, dies
  • 1939-01-09 Johann Strauss, Austrian conductor and Royal ball director, dies at 72
  • 1939-01-10 Julius Bittner, Austrian composer (Missa Austriaca), dies at 64
  • 1939-01-23 Matthias Sindelar, Austria soccer star, commits suicide
  • 1939-02-11 Franz Schmidt, Austrian composer, dies at 64
  • 1939-05-27 Joseph Roth, Austria journalist (Fluctuate ohne Ende), dies at 44
  • 1939-05-29 Ursula Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint and foundress of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, dies of a carcinoma at 74

Person of interestSigmund Freud

1939-09-23 Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and creator of psychoanalysis, dies at 83

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • 1939-10-31 Otto Rank [Rosenfeld], Austria psychoanalyst (Trauma of Geburt), dies
  • 1940-09-07 Edmund Rumpler, Austria auto/airplane builder, dies
  • 1940-09-27 Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1941-10-03 Wilhelm Kienzl, Austria composer (Kuhreigen), dies at 84
  • 1942-02-15 Guido Adler, Bohemian-Austrian musicologist (Still in the Music), dies at 91
  • 1942-02-23 Stefan Zweig, Austrian poet, essayist and dramatist (Beware of Pity), dies at 60
  • 1942-02-25 Leo Ascher, Austrian-born composer who moved to the US, dies at 61
  • 1942-04-15 Robert Musil, Austrian writer (Mann ohne Eigenschaften), dies at 61
  • 1942-05-07 Felix Paul von Weingartner, Austria conductor/composer, dies at 79
  • 1942-10-10 Richard von Schaukal, Moravian-Austria poet and writer (Schlemihle), dies at 68
  • 1942-12-13 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • 1943-06-06 Karl Landsteiner, Austrian immunologist and pathologist (Nobel 1930), dies at 74
  • 1943-10-31 Max Reinhardt [Goldmann], Austrian theatrical director (Oedipus Rex) and founder of the Salzburg Festival, dies at 70
  • 1944-07-23 Max HHR Nettlau, Austrian historian (Der Anarchismus), dies at 79
  • 1945-04-03 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • 1945-08-20 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, dies at 73
  • 1945-09-15 Anton Friedrich Wilhelm von Webern, Austrian composer, dies at 61
  • 1945-10-08 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), dies at 78
  • 1945-12-22 Otto Neurath, Austrian-British philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences), dies at 63
  • 1946-07-04 Othenio Able, Austrian artist, fossil creator and founder of paleobiology, dies at 71
  • 1946-09-21 Olga Engl, Austrian actress (Phantom), dies at 75
  • 1946-10-16 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s), hanged at 54
  • 1946-10-16 Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Austrian Nazi (SS/SD), hanged at 43
  • 1947-02-03 Anna Bahr-von Mildenburg, Austrian soprano/director, dies at 74
  • 1947-03-23 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (b. 1870)
  • 1947-05-20 Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist (Nobel 1905), dies at 84
  • 1947-05-28 August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal, dies at 40
  • 1947-05-30 Georg von Trapp, Austrian WWI submarine commander and inspiration for "The Sound of Music" character, dies at 67
  • 1948-01-08 Richard Tauber, Austrian tenor (b. 1891)
  • 1948-10-24 Franz Lehár, Austrian-Hungarian composer (Wiener Frauen), dies at 78
  • 1949-08-11 Karl Weigl, Austrian-American composer, dies at 68
  • 1949-10-04 Edmund Eysler, Austrian composer, dies at 75
  • 1950-02-03 Karl Seitz, President of Austria (1920), dies at 80
  • 1950-04-08 Albert Ehrenstein, Austria writer (Strum), dies at 63
  • 1950-07-08 Othmar Spann, Austrian economist and sociologist (Wahre State), dies at 71
  • 1950-12-31 Karl Renner, Austrian President (1918-20, 45-50), dies at 80
  • 1951-04-29 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austria English philosopher (Philosophical Investigations), dies at 62

Person of interestArnold Schoenberg

1951-07-13 Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian composer (Verklärte Nacht) and painter associated with the expressionist movement, dies at 76

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • 1951-08-15 Artur Schnabel, Austrian pianist (Reflections on Music), dies at 69
  • 1952-05-08 William Fox, Austrian-born film producer (b. 1879)
  • 1952-10-05 Joe Jagersberger, Austrian-American racing driver, dies at 68
  • 1953-11-29 Alfons Fryland, Austrian actor (b. 1888)
  • 1954-01-11 Oscar Straus, Austrian composer (Brave Soldier), dies at 83
  • 1954-05-16 Clemens Krauss, Austrian conductor (Vienna State Opera), dies at 61
  • 1955-04-24 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer/theater critic, dies at 79
  • 1955-09-07 Earnest Rabel, Austrian/US civil rights activist, dies at 81
  • 1956-01-27 Erich Kleiber, Austrian conductor, dies
  • 1956-02-05 Savilly Tartakower, Austrian/Polish/French chess player, dies at 74