Austrian History (Part 4)

Austria: Vienna

Historical Events

Events 301 - 400 of 442

  • 1916-01-05 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro
  • 1916-01-25 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
  • 1916-02-11 Germany and Austria-Hungary notify the US that they will sink any armed merchant ships starting on 1 March
  • 1916-02-16 The US rejects the right of Germany and Austria-Hungary to sink armed merchant ships
  • 1916-05-15 Asiago, Italy, falls when Austrian troops attack the Italian front
  • 1916-08-02 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto
  • 1916-08-27 Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary

Historic Event

1916-11-05 Emperors Wilhelm II (Germany) and Franz Joseph I (Austria-Hungary) establish the kingdom of Poland

  • 1916-12-13 Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian and Italian troops in 24 hrs in Tyrol
  • 1917-01-08 Austria-Hungarian troops conquer Forlani Italy
  • 1917-08-14 China declares war on Germany & Austria
  • 1917-10-24 Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
  • 1917-11-26 The new government of Russia offers an armistice to Germany and Austria-Hungary
  • 1917-12-05 Austro-German Forces launch an offensive against the Italians on the western end of their line, around Asiago
  • 1917-12-07 US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I
  • 1918-01-16 Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war
  • 1918-03-03 Facing internal counterrevolutionary pressures and external German offensive, Bolsheviks forced to sign harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria

Historic Publication

1918-04-15 Georges Clémenceau publishes secret French/Austrian documents

  • 1918-09-14 WWI: Austria-Hungary sends a note to the Allies requesting peace discussions, but the Allies reject the offer
  • 1918-10-18 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • 1918-10-28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
  • 1918-11-03 Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolves
  • 1918-11-04 The Allied armistice with Austria-Hungary, signed 3 November, goes into effect
  • 1918-11-11 Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
  • 1918-11-12 Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
  • 1919-02-21 German National Meeting accepts Anschluss: incorporation of Austria
  • 1919-03-12 Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)
  • 1919-04-03 Austria expels all Habsburgers
  • 1919-09-10 Treaty of St Germain: Austria ends incorporation with Germany
  • 1919-12-17 Austrian parliament approves 8-hour working day
  • 1920-03-01 Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Admiral Horthy
  • 1921-05-30 Salzburg, Austria, votes to join Germany
  • 1921-08-23 Austria and the US formally end war; the US does the same with Germany on the 25th, and Hungary on the 29th
  • 1922-10-04 Protocol of Genevia signed: Austria gains independence
  • 1922-10-07 Oud-burgem of Rotterdam Zimmerman becomes High Comm's of Austria
  • 1924-11-08 Austria chancellor Ignaz Seipel, resigns after assassination attempt
  • 1924-12-09 Michael Hainisch re-elected Austrian president
  • 1926-02-04 Austrian chancellor Seipel wants to join Germany
  • 1926-10-15 Austria government of Seipel, forms
  • 1927-07-15 Massacre in Vienna: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police
  • 1928-06-28 Friedrich Schmiedl attempts rocket mail in Austria (unsuccessful)
  • 1928-12-05 Wilhelm Miklas elected president of Austria
  • 1929-04-01 Austrian government of Ignaz Seipel falls
  • 1929-04-30 Ernst Streeruwitz becomes Chancellor of Austria, lasts less than 5 months
  • 1929-09-26 John Schrober becomes chancellor of Austria
  • 1930-09-25 Austrian government of Vaugoin forms
  • 1930-12-03 Otto Ender forms Austrian government
  • 1931-01-26 Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
  • 1931-02-02 1st use of a rocket to deliver mail (Austria)
  • 1931-05-11 Credit-Anstalt, Austria's largest bank, fails, beginning financial collapse of Central Europe
  • 1931-06-16 Austrian government of Ender falls
  • 1931-06-20 Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
  • 1931-09-13 Right-radical coup of Dr Pfrimer fails in Austria

Historic Event

1932-02-25 Austrian immigrant Adolf Hitler gets German citizenship

  • 1932-05-20 Engelbert Dollfuss becomes chancellor of Austria
  • 1932-10-19 Austria forbids demonstration by Nazis & anti fascists
  • 1933-03-04 Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves Austrian parliament
  • 1933-05-27 Austrian communist party banned
  • 1933-06-19 Austrian government-Dollfuss bans nazi-organizations
  • 1934-02-01 Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his
  • 1934-02-12 The four-day February Uprising, sometimes called the Austrian Civil War, begins.
  • 1934-02-13 Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialist party
  • 1934-02-16 Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund
  • 1934-04-30 Austria gets "Austrian fascist" constitution
  • 1934-05-01 Austria signs pact with Vatican
  • 1934-07-25 Failed Nazi coup in Austria
  • 1935-12-01 Austria has world's 1st Day of Postage Stamp
  • 1936-03-23 Italy, Austria & Hungary sign Pact of Rome
  • 1938-02-12 Austrian chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg visits Adolf Hitler in Berchtesgaden
  • 1938-03-11 Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country
  • 1938-03-12 Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
  • 1938-03-13 In a process known as Anschluss, Austria is annexed into Nazi Germany
  • 1938-04-10 Austria becomes a state of Germany
  • 1938-04-26 Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks
  • 1938-08-28 Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria
  • 1938-11-09 Kristallnacht begins: pogrom against Jews in Germany and Austria - first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violence, begins
  • 1938-11-10 Second day of Kristallnacht: pogrom against the Jews in Germany and Austria after assassination of a German diplomat in Paris
  • 1938-11-11 German & Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in nazi
  • 1941-07-26 1st Dutch Austrians depart Hague
  • 1942-10-10 1,300 Austrian Jews transported to Theresienstadt concentration camp
  • 1944-08-17 Soviet troops arrive at Austria-Prussia border
  • 1944-10-06 Canadians free Austria
  • 1945-03-30 USSR invades Austria
  • 1945-04-27 2nd Republic of Austria forms
  • 1945-05-05 Mauthausen Concentration camp in Austria liberated by US forces from 41st Reconnaissance Squadron

Victory in Battle

1945-07-31 Pierre Laval, fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria

  • 1945-12-19 Austrian Republic re-establishes
  • 1953-04-02 Raab forms his 1st government in Austria
  • 1954-01-11 2 ton locomotive swept into ravine by avalanche 10 die (Austria)
  • 1954-01-12 Austria's worst avalanche-kills 200; 9hrs later 2nd one-kills 115
  • 1955-02-17 Ice Dance Championship at Vienna Austria won by J Westwood/Demmy GRB
  • 1955-05-15 Vienna Treaty: Britain, France, US & USSR restore Austria's independence
  • 1955-07-27 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation since WWII
  • 1955-08-25 Last Soviet forces leave Austria
  • 1955-09-21 Last allied occupying troops leave Austria
  • 1955-10-25 Austria resumed its sovereignty after departure of last Allied occupation forces, for 1st time since German occupation of 1938
  • 1955-12-14 16 countries join the United Nations, including Austria, Finland, Italy, and Spain
  • 1957-05-05 Adolf Scharf elected president of Austria
  • 1961-04-11 Austrian 4th & last government of Raab resigns

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 301 - 400 of 1,013

  • 1842-06-29 Josef Labor, Austrian composer, born in Hořovice, Bohemia (d. 1924)
  • 1842-07-04 Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austrian sociologist and general, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1904)
  • 1843-04-04 Hans Richter, Austrian-Hungarian composer, born in Raab, Kingdom of Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1916)
  • 1843-05-02 Karl Michael Ziehrer, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1922)
  • 1843-06-09 Bertha von Suttner, Austrian novelist and pacifist (1st woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1905), born in Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia (d. 1914)
  • 1843-06-10 Heinrich von Herzogenberg, Austrian composer, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1900)

Camillo Golgi

1843-07-07 Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and medical researcher (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1906), born in Corteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)

  • 1843-07-31 Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate, born in Krieglach, Austria (d. 1918)
  • 1843-09-04 Ján Levoslav Bella, Slovak composer, born in Liptovský Mikuláš, Austrian Empire (d. 1936)
  • 1844-02-20 Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (thermodynamics), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1906)
  • 1844-02-20 Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (statistical mechanics)
  • 1844-10-24 Karl Lueger, Austrian politician, cofounder and leader of the Austrian Christian Social Party, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1910)
  • 1844-10-29 Albert Salomon Anselm von Rothschild, Austrian banker and member of the Rothschild banking family of Austria, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1911)
  • 1845-04-18 Wilhelm Gericke, Austrian composer, born in Schwanberg, Austria (d. 1925)
  • 1845-12-23 Gustave Ador, Swiss politician and 36th President of the Swiss Confederation (1919), born in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1928)
  • 1846-05-29 Albert Apponyi, Hungarian politician (Minister of Religion and Education of Hungary), born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1847-03-04 Carl Josef Bayer, Austrian chemist (invented Beyer Process to produce aluminium), born in the Duchy of Upper and Lower Silesia (now Poland) (d. 1904)

Joseph Pulitzer

1847-04-10 Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian-American publisher (St Louis Post-Dispatch, NY World) and Democratic politician whose bequest founded the Columbia School of Journalism and the Pulitzer Prize, born in Makó, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1911)

  • 1847-04-16 Hans Auer, Swiss-Austrian architect, born in Wädenswil, Switerland (d. 1906)
  • 1848-05-05 Adalbert von Goldschmidt, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1906)
  • 1848-08-01 František Kmoch, Czech composer and conductor, born in Zásmuky, Austrian Empire (d. 1912)
  • 1848-10-05 Guido von List, Austrian-German occultist and novelist (Jung Diethers Heimkehr), born in Vienna (d. 1919)
  • 1849-07-02 Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, Queen of Bavaria, born in Brno, Austrian Empire (d. 1919)
  • 1849-07-29 Max Nordau, Austrian author and Zionist leader (d. 1923)
  • 1849-11-22 Fritz Mauthner, Austro-Hungarian novelist & critic, born in Hořice, Czech Republic (d. 1923)

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

1850-03-07 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), born in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (d. 1937)

  • 1850-05-22 Johann Schrammel, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1893)
  • 1852-05-29 Heinrich Kàan-Albest, Bohemian pianist and composer, born in Ternopil, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1852-06-24 Victor Adler, Austrian politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Prague, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1852-11-11 Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, born in Penzing, Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1925)
  • 1852-11-25 Johan Salvator, Archduke of Austria, born in Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (d. 1890)
  • 1853-04-30 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1912)
  • 1853-10-14 Ciprian Porumbescu, Romanian composer, born in Șipotele Sucevei, Duchy of Bukovina, Austrian Empire (d. 1883)
  • 1854-05-05 Antonio Smareglia, Italian composer, born in Pula, Austria-Hungary (d. 1929)
  • 1854-05-24 Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, admiral (WWI), born in Graz, Austrian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1854-07-03 Leoš Janáček, Czech composer, born in Hukvaldy, Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1928)
  • 1854-07-04 Victor Babeş, Romanian physician and bacteriologist, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1854-10-16 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist
  • 1854-11-27 Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal, Austrian diplomat (Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary 1906-12), born in Groß Skal, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1912)
  • 1855-04-18 Josef Gruber, Austrian organist and composer, born in Wösendorf in the Wachau (d. 1933)
  • 1855-07-19 Emil Paur, Austrian conductor (Boston Symphony; New York Philharmonic; Pittsburgh Symphony; Berlin State Opera), born in Czernowitz, Austria (d. 1932)
  • 1855-09-09 Anthony Francis Lucas, Croatian-American oil exploration pioneer, born in Split, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)
  • 1855-10-12 August Sauer, Austrian literature historian (Euphorion), born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1926)
  • 1855-11-01 Guido Adler, Bohemian-Austrian musicologist (Still in the Music), born in Eibenschütz, Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1942)

Sigmund Freud

1856-05-06 Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and father of psychology, born in Freiberg, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)

Nikola Tesla

1856-07-10 Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist, electrical engineer and inventor, developed alternating current and the Tesla Coil, born in Smiljan, Austrian Empire (now Croatia) (d. 1943)

  • 1856-08-24 Felix Mottl, Austrian conductor and composer (Agnes Bernauer), born in Unter-St.-Veit, Austria (d. 1911)
  • 1856-12-13 Svetozar Boroević, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, born in Umetić, Croatian Military Frontier, Austrian Empire (d. 1920)
  • 1857-01-17 Wilhelm Kienzl, Austrian composer (Evangelimann)
  • 1857-03-07 Julius Wagner von Jauregg, Austrian psychiatrist (Nobel 1927)

Pius XI

1857-05-31 Pius XI [Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti], Italian 259th Pope (1922-39), born in Desio, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)

  • 1858-07-21 Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain, born in Židlochovice Castle, Moravia (d. 1929)
  • 1858-08-01 Hans Rott, Austrian composer and organist, born in Vienna (d. 1884)
  • 1858-10-09 Mihajlo "Micheal" Pupin, Serbian-American physicist and telephone pioneer, born in Idvor, Military Frontier of Austria (now Kovačica, Serbia) (d. 1935)
  • 1859-04-08 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (founded School of Phenomenology), born in Proßnitz, Margraviate of Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1860-03-13 Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer, born in Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia (d. 1903)
  • 1860-05-02 Theodor Herzl, Austrian journalist and founder (Zionist movement), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1904)
  • 1860-05-04 Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, Austrian composer (Donna Diana), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1945)
  • 1860-06-30 Gyula Andrássy, Jr., Hungarian politician (Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary (1918-20)), born in Tőketerebes, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1860-07-07 Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer (Symphony No. 2 - "Resurrection"), and conductor (New York Philharmonic, 1909-11), born in Kalischat, Bohemia (now Austria) (d. 1911)
  • 1860-07-24 Alphonse Mucha, Czech Nouveau painter and artist, born in Ivančice, Margraviate of Moravia, Austrian Empire (now Czech Republic) (d. 1939)
  • 1861-02-26 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1861-10-14 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer, born in Split, Austria-Hungary (d. 1944)
  • 1861-11-30 Ludwig Thuille, Austrian composer (sextet for piano and wind quintet), born in Bozen, Tyrol (now Bozano, Italy) (d. 1907)
  • 1861-12-19 Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • 1862-05-15 Arthur Schnitzler, Austrian playwright/novelist (La Ronde)
  • 1862-06-07 Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist (Nobel 1905), born in Pozsony, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1862-07-14 Gustav Klimt, Austrian Symbolist painter (The Kiss), born in Baumgarten, Austria-Hungary (d. 1918)
  • 1863-04-29 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), born in Loosdorf, Lower Austria, Austrian Empire (d. 1922)
  • 1863-06-13 Josef Venantius von Woss, Austrian composer, born in Kotor, Montenegro (d. 1943)
  • 1863-07-19 Hermann Bahr, Austrian writer (Concert), born in Linz, Austria (d. 1934)

Franz Ferdinand

1863-12-18 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria whose assassination in 1914 led to declarations of war in WWI, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1914)

  • 1864-05-27 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (23rd Mayor of Split), born in Split, Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1864-09-27 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic priest, born in Liptó County, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1865-04-13 Heinrich Reinhardt, Austrian composer, born in Pressburg (d. 1922)
  • 1865-04-17 Ursula Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint and foundress of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, born in Loosdorf, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)
  • 1865-04-30 Max Nettlau, German anarchist and historian, born in Neuwaldegg, Austria (d. 1944)
  • 1865-07-06 Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Swiss musician, composer, and pedagogue (Dalcroze Eurythmics), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1950)
  • 1865-07-15 Wilhelm Wirtinger, Austrian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1866-02-16 Johann Strauss III, Austrian composer and conductor (Dem Muthigen gehört die Welt), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1939)
  • 1866-07-11 Richard Beer-Hofmann, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 1945)
  • 1866-10-07 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
  • 1867-12-22 Joseph Maria Olbrich, Austrian architect (Wiener Sezession), born in Opava, Czech Republic (d. 1908)
  • 1868-04-22 Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria, 4th and last child of Franz Joseph I of Austria and Elisabeth of Bavaria, born in Ofen (Buda), Austria-Hungary (d. 1924)
  • 1868-06-14 Karl Landsteiner, Austrian immunologist and pathologist (Nobel 1930 for the discovery of different blood groups), born in Baden bei Wien, Austria-Hungary (d. 1943)
  • 1868-06-19 Heinrich Schenker, Austrian musicologist (Urlinie) know for his Schenkerian analysis of music, born in Wisniowczyki, Austrian Galicia (d. 1935)
  • 1868-12-14 Richard Batka, Austrian music critic and composer, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1922)
  • 1869-03-29 Aleš Hrdlička, Austro-Hungarian anthropologist and curator (US National Museum), born in Humpolec, Austria-Hungary (d. 1943)
  • 1869-04-25 Karl Prohaska, Austrian composer, born in Mödling, Austria (d. 1927)
  • 1869-08-10 Lawrence Binyon, poet (Symbolic Wounds), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1869-09-04 Karl Seitz, President of Austria (1920), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1950)
  • 1869-09-06 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)
  • 1870-02-07 Alfred Adler, Austrian psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex)
  • 1870-03-06 Oscar Straus [Strauss], Viennese composer (Ein Walzertraum), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1954)
  • 1870-04-30 Franz Lehár, Austrian-Hungarian composer (Naughty Marietta), born in Komárom, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • 1870-09-02 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (d. 1947)
  • 1870-12-10 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses), born in Brno, Austria-Hungary (d. 1933)
  • 1870-12-14 Karl Renner, Austrian President (1918-20, 45-50), born in Dolní Dunajovice, Austria-Hungary (d. 1950)
  • 1870-12-15 Josef Hoffmann, Austrian architect (Vienna Secession Movement), born in Brtnice, Moravia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1956)
  • 1871-01-10 Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti, Austrian poet & writer (Jesse & Maria), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1955)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 301 - 400 of 576

  • 1921-02-26 Carl Menger, Austrian economist, dies at 81
  • 1921-05-05 Alfred Hermann Fried, German pacifist (Nobel 1911-co-founder of the German peace movement), dies at 56
  • 1922-04-01 Charles I, emperor (Austria)/King of Hungary (Charles IV), dies
  • 1922-07-06 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), dies at 59
  • 1923-01-23 Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
  • 1924-01-04 Alfred Grünfeld, Austrian pianist, composer (b. 1852)
  • 1924-04-26 Josef Labor, Austrian composer, dies at 82
  • 1925-03-30 Rudolf Steiner, Austrian philosopher (anthroposophy), dies at 64
  • 1925-06-20 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (b. 1842)
  • 1925-08-25 Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, dies at 72
  • 1925-09-16 Leo Fall, Austria operetta composer (That Pink von Stambul), dies at 52
  • 1926-09-17 August Sauer, Austrian literature historian (Euphorion), dies at 70
  • 1928-03-31 Gustave Ador, Swiss politician and 36th President of the Swiss Confederation (1919), dies at 82
  • 1929-02-28 Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet, Austrian artist (React of P), dies at 54
  • 1929-09-23 Richard A Zsigmondy, Austria chemist (Nobel 1925), dies at 64
  • 1930-04-01 Cosima Liszt, wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner, dies at 92
  • 1930-12-13 Fritz Pregl, Slovenian/Austrian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1932-04-04 Ottokar Czernin, Austro-Hungarian diplomat (Imperial Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary) and politician, dies at 59
  • 1932-06-07 Emil Paur, Austrian conductor (Boston Symphony; New York Philharmonic; Pittsburgh Symphony; Berlin State Opera), dies at 76
  • 1933-08-22 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses), dies at 62
  • 1933-08-23 Adolph Loos, Austrian architect, dies at 62
  • 1933-09-25 Paul Ehrenfest, Austrian-Dutch theoretical physicist (phase transition, Ehrenfest theorem), dies at 53
  • 1934-01-15 Hermann Bahr, Austrian writer (Concert), dies at 70
  • 1934-03-21 Franz Schreker [Schrecker], Austrian conductor, composer (Die Gezeichneten; Der ferne Klang), teacher, and administrator dies of a heart attack at 55
  • 1934-06-27 Max Pallenberg, Austrian extempore farce actor (Morn to Midnight), husband of Operetta star Fritzi Massary, dies in air crash at 56
  • 1934-07-25 Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian Fascist chancellor, assassinated by Nazis at 41
  • 1935-01-14 Heinrich Schenker, Austrian musicologist (Urlinie) know for his Schenkerian analysis of music, dies at 66
  • 1935-11-28 Erich von Hornbostel, Austrian ethno-musicologist, dies at 58
  • 1936-03-18 Egon Friedell, Austrian journalist, actor and writer (Kleine Portratgalerie, Der Partylowe), commits suicide to avoid arrest by the Gestapo at 58
  • 1936-04-08 Robert Bárány, Austrian physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1936-06-12 Karl Kraus, Austrian satirical writer, dies at 62
  • 1936-06-22 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher assassinated at 54 by former student Johann Nelböck
  • 1936-09-16 Karl Buresch, Austrian lawyer and politician, dies at 57
  • 1936-11-17 Ernestine Schumann-Heink, Austrian contralto (b. 1861)
  • 1936-12-18 Andrija Mohorovičić, Austro-Hungarian-born Yugoslav seismologist (b. 1857)
  • 1937-04-02 Nathan Birnbaum, Austria philosopher (Zionism), dies at about 72
  • 1937-05-28 Alfred Adler, Austria psychiatrist (Individual Psychology), dies at 67
  • 1937-06-28 Max Adler, Austrian socialist theorist, dies at 64
  • 1938-05-17 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and Zionist, dies at 60
  • 1938-07-04 Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democrat, dies at 56
  • 1938-10-18 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian Marxist/socialist, dies at 83
  • 1939-01-09 Johann Strauss, Austrian conductor and Royal Ball director, dies at 72
  • 1939-01-10 Julius Bittner, Austrian composer (Missa Austriaca), dies at 64
  • 1939-01-23 Matthias Sindelar, Austria soccer star, dies under mysterious circumstances at 35
  • 1939-02-11 Franz Schmidt, Austro-Hungarian cellist, pianist, and composer, dies at 64
  • 1939-05-27 Joseph Roth, Austria journalist (Fluctuate ohne Ende), dies at 44
  • 1939-05-29 Ursula Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint and foundress of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, dies of a carcinoma at 74

Sigmund Freud

1939-09-23 Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and creator of psychoanalysis, dies at 83

  • 1939-10-31 Otto Rank [Rosenfeld], Austria psychoanalyst (Trauma of Geburt), dies
  • 1940-09-07 Edmund Rumpler, Austria automotive and airplane builder, dies at 68
  • 1940-09-27 Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1941-10-03 Wilhelm Kienzl, Austrian composer (Kuhreigen), dies at 84
  • 1942-02-15 Guido Adler, Bohemian-Austrian musicologist (Still in the Music), dies at 91
  • 1942-02-23 Stefan Zweig, Austrian poet, essayist and dramatist (Beware of Pity), dies at 60
  • 1942-02-25 Leo Ascher, Austrian-American operetta composer (Hoheit tanzt Walzer (Her Highness Dances the Waltz); Der Soldat der Marie (Marie's Soldier)), dies at 61

Robert Musil

1942-04-15 Robert Musil, Austrian writer (Mann ohne Eigenschaften), dies at 61

  • 1942-05-07 Felix Paul von Weingartner, Austria conductor and composer, dies at 79
  • 1942-10-10 Richard von Schaukal, Moravian-Austria poet and writer (Schlemihle), dies at 68
  • 1942-12-13 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • 1943-06-06 Karl Landsteiner, Austrian immunologist and pathologist (Nobel 1930 for the discovery of different blood groups), dies at 74
  • 1943-10-31 Max Reinhardt [Goldmann], Austrian theatrical director (Oedipus Rex) and founder of the Salzburg Festival, dies at 70
  • 1945-04-03 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • 1945-08-20 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, dies at 73
  • 1945-09-15 Anton von Webern, Austrian composer, shot by American soldier on patrol at 61
  • 1945-10-08 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), dies at 76
  • 1945-12-22 Otto Neurath, Austrian-British philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences), dies at 63
  • 1946-07-04 Othenio Able, Austrian artist, fossil creator and founder of paleobiology, dies at 71
  • 1946-09-21 Olga Engl, Austrian actress (Phantom), dies at 75
  • 1946-10-16 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s), hanged at 54
  • 1946-10-16 Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Austrian Nazi (SS/SD), hanged at 43
  • 1947-02-03 Anna Bahr-von Mildenburg, Austrian soprano/director, dies at 74
  • 1947-03-23 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (b. 1870)
  • 1947-05-20 Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist (Nobel 1905), dies at 84
  • 1947-05-28 August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal, dies at 40
  • 1947-05-30 Georg von Trapp, Austrian WWI submarine commander and inspiration for "The Sound of Music" character, dies at 67
  • 1948-01-08 Richard Tauber [Denemy], Austrian-British operatic tenor and film actor, dies of lung cancer at 56
  • 1948-10-24 Franz Lehár, Austrian-Hungarian composer (Wiener Frauen), dies at 78
  • 1949-08-11 Karl Weigl, Austrian-American pianist, composer (Apocalyptic Symphony), and educator, dies of bone marrow cancer at 68
  • 1949-10-04 Edmund Eysler, Austrian composer, mostly of operettas (Bruder Straubinger; The Golden Mistress), dies from injuries from falling off of a stage at 75
  • 1950-02-03 Karl Seitz, President of Austria (1920), dies at 80
  • 1950-04-08 Albert Ehrenstein, Austria writer (Strum), dies at 63
  • 1950-07-08 Othmar Spann, Austrian economist and sociologist (Wahre State), dies at 71
  • 1950-12-31 Karl Renner, Austrian President (1918-20, 45-50), dies at 80
  • 1951-04-29 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austria English philosopher (Philosophical Investigations), dies at 62

Arnold Schoenberg

1951-07-13 Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian-American composer (Verklärte Nacht - Transfigured Night; 2nd Quartet), and painter associated with the expressionist movement, dies at 76

  • 1951-08-15 Artur Schnabel, Austrian pianist (Reflections on Music), dies at 69
  • 1952-10-05 Joe Jagersberger, Austrian-American racing driver, dies at 68
  • 1953-11-29 Alfons Fryland, Austrian actor (b. 1888)
  • 1954-01-11 Oscar Straus, Austrian composer (Brave Soldier), dies at 83
  • 1954-05-16 Clemens Krauss, Austrian conductor (Vienna State Opera), dies at 61
  • 1955-04-24 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer/theater critic, dies at 79
  • 1955-09-07 Ernst Rabel, Austrian-American lawyer, human rights activist, and author (The Conflict of Laws: A Comparative Study), dies at 81
  • 1956-01-27 Erich Kleiber, Austrian-Argentine conductor (Teatro Colón, 1937-49; NBC Symphony, 1947-48), dies at 65
  • 1956-02-05 Savielly Tartakower, Austrian/Polish/French chess player, dies at 74
  • 1957-01-04 Theodor Korner von Siegringen, 5th President of Austria (1951-57), dies at 84
  • 1957-05-12 Erich von Stroheim, Austrian-American film director and actor (Greed; La Grande Illusion; Sunset Boulevard), dies of prostate cancer at 71
  • 1957-08-25 Leo Perutz, Austrian writer and mathematician, dies at 74
  • 1957-11-03 Wilhelm Reich, Austria/US psycho analyst (sexual), dies at 60
  • 1957-11-29 Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Austrian-American composer (Violanta; The Adventures of Robin Hood), dies at 60
  • 1958-09-11 Robert Lach, Austrian composer, dies at 84