Azerbaijan in History

Historical Events

  • 1918-05-28 Azerbaijan gains independence and declares itself a Democratic Republic
  • 1918-08-17 British troops attack Baku, Azerbaijan
  • 1920-04-28 Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • 1924-02-09 Nakhichevan ASSR constituted within Azerbaijan SSR
  • 1936-12-05 Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union


1937-11-01 Stalinists execute by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community (including three women).

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1988-02-28 Anti-Armenian pogrom in Azerbaijan, 30 killed
  • 1990-01-20 Black January - crackdown of Azerbaijani pro-independence demonstrations by Soviet army in Baku

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990-01-22 President Mikhail Gorbachev sends Red Troops into the Soviet republic of Azerbaijan

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1992-02-25 Khojaly massacre: about 613 civilians killed by Armenian armed forces during the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan
  • 1994-03-17 Iran transport aircraft crashes in Azerbaijan (32 killed)
  • 2000-11-25 Earthquake in Baku, Azerbaijan
  • 2001-07-24 An Iranian warship in the Caspian Sea threatens a BP oil exploration ship off the coast of Azerbaijan
  • 2005-12-23 Azerbaijan Airlines Flight 217 from Baku, Azerbaijan, to Aktau, Kazakhstan crashes shortly after takeoff killing 23 people.
  • 2011-05-14 56th Eurovision Song Contest: Ell & Nikki for Azerbaijan wins singing "Running Scared" in Dusseldorf
  • 2013-02-07 Azerbaijan launches its first satellite, Azerspace-1

Famous Birthdays

  • 1865-04-23 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, born in Kazakhli, Russian Empire (d. 1943)
  • 1922-11-22 Fikret Dzhamil Amirov, Kirovabad Russia, Azerbaijani composer (Shur)
  • 1923-05-10 Heydar Aliyev, Ex-President and Leader of Azerbaijan Republic (d. 2003)
  • 1928-11-29 Tahir Salahov, Azerbaijani painter
  • 1941-04-15 Roman Balayan, Ukrainian-Armenian director (Filer, Biryuk), born in Nerkin Horatagh, Nagorno-Karabakh AO, Azerbaijan
  • 1947-12-10 Rəsul Quliyev, Azerbaijani politician
  • 1961-12-24 Ilham Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan Republic

Famous Deaths

  • 1943-08-18 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, dies at 78
  • 1989-06-09 Rashid Behbudov, Azerbaijani singer and actor (b. 1915)
  • 1992-07-15 Chingiz Mustafayev, Azerbaijan's most noted journalist (b. 1960)
  • 2003-12-12 Heydər Əliyev, President of Azerbaijan (b. 1923)