Bolivian History

Bolivia: La Paz

Historical Events

  • 1548-07-16 La Paz, Bolivia, is founded
  • 1809-07-16 La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva led by Pedro Domingo Murillo, the 1st independent government in Spanish America
  • 1825-08-06 Bolivia gains independence from Peru (National Day)
  • 1836-11-11 Chile declares war on Bolivia & Peru
  • 1839-01-20 Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance
  • 1879-03-23 War of the Pacific fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully takes over Arica and Tarapacá, leaving Bolivia a landlocked country.
  • 1879-04-05 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • 1903-11-17 In the Treaty of Petropolis, Bolivia cedes the territory of Arce to Brazil; Bolivia gains rail and water outlets in the east
  • 1904-10-20 Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; recognizing Chile's possession of the coast, providing for construction of a railway linking La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast
  • 1910-01-19 Germany & Bolivia end commerce and friendship treaty
  • 1914-05-15 Bolivia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1929-06-03 Chile and Peru sign the Treaty of Lima, finally resolving their border dispute from the War of the Pacific (1879–83). Chile keeps Arica and Peru regains Tacna.
  • 1933-05-10 Paraguay declares war on Bolivia
  • 1933-12-20 Bolivia & Paraguay sign cease fire
  • 1935-06-12 Weapons pact ends 3 year war of Gran Chaco (Bolivia vs Paraguay)
  • 1935-06-14 Chaco War between Bolivia & Paraguay ends
  • 1943-12-19 Military coup in Bolivia
  • 1945-04-18 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia established
  • 1949-05-02 Bolivian state of siege proclaimed
  • 1952-04-09 Hugo Ballivian's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines

Historic Event

1953-07-07 Che Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador

  • 1959-04-19 Uprising in La Paz Bolivia, fails
  • 1967-02-02 Bolivia adopts its constitution
  • 1967-04-20 French author Régis Debray caught in Bolivia
  • 1967-10-08 Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia
  • 1967-11-17 French author Régis Debray sentenced to 30 years in Bolivia
  • 1969-09-26 Bolivia military coup under general Ovando Candia

Papal Visit

1970-11-27 Pope Paul VI wounded in chest during a visit to Philippines by a dagger-wielding Bolivian painter disguised as a priest

  • 1970-12-23 French author Régis Debray freed in Bolivia
  • 1971-08-22 Bolivian military coup under col Hugo Banzer, pres Torres driven out
  • 1971-11-05 Bolivia passes death penalty for political kidnapping
  • 1976-10-13 A Bolivian Boeing 707 cargo jet crashes in Santa Cruz, Bolivia killing 100 (97, mostly children, killed on the ground)
  • 1978-07-21 Bolivian military coup under General Juan Pereda, President Hugo Banzer flees
  • 1979-11-01 Bolivia military coup under General Busch, President Guevara flees
  • 1980-07-17 Bolivian military coup; General Garcia Meza becomes president
  • 1982-07-19 Bolivian government resigns
  • 1982-10-05 Hernan Siles Zuazo appointed president of Bolivia
  • 1982-10-10 Hernan Siles Zuazo installed as president of Bolivia

Historic Event

1983-01-19 Klaus Barbie, SS chief in Lyon in Nazi-occupied France, arrested in Bolivia

Assassination Attempt

1988-08-08 US Secretary of State George P. Shultz narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in Bolivia

  • 1989-08-06 Jaime Paz Zamora inaugurated as president of Bolivia
  • 1993-11-04 Bolivia becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1994-06-08 7.8 earthquake strikes North Bolivia
  • 1997-06-01 Hugo Banzer wins the Presidential elections in Bolivia.
  • 2003-10-18 Bolivian Gas War: President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada, is forced to resign and leave Bolivia

Historic Event

2006-01-22 Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country's first indigenous president

  • 2012-06-07 A bus falls into a ravine in La Paz, Bolivia, killing 16 and injuring 32 people
  • 2012-12-01 8 people are killed and 36 injured after a bus overturns in Bolivia
  • 2013-01-21 18 people are killed and 24 are injured after a bus falls down a ravine in Yungas, Bolivia
  • 2013-01-24 17 people are killed and 34 are injured in a bus crash in Taperas, Bolivia
  • 2013-08-24 30 people are killed in a gang battle involving flame throwers in Palmasola prison, Bolivia
  • 2013-11-03 8 people are killed and 10 are injured after a turboprop plane crashes in northern Bolivia
  • 2014-10-12 Evo Morales is re-elected President of Bolivia

Famous Birthdays

  • 1887-11-28 Ernst Röhm, German army officer and chief organizer of Adolf Hitler’s Storm Troopers (Sturmabteilung, or SA; Brownshirts), born in Munich (d. 1934)
  • 1907-10-07 Víctor Paz Estenssoro, Bolivian politician (d. 2001)
  • 1909-02-04 Kenneth W Howell, English Anglican bishop (Chile/Bolivia/Peru)
  • 1918-04-06 Alfredo Ovando Candía, Bolivian president (d. 1982)
  • 1919-05-30 René Barrientos, President of Bolivia (d. 1969)
  • 1926-05-10 Hugo Banzer, Bolivian dictator (d. 2002)
  • 1927-07-06 Nilo Soruco, Bolivian singer and songwriter, born in Tarija, Bolivia (d. 2004)
  • 1929-01-27 Gastón Suárez, Bolivian novelist (d. 1984)
  • 1932-08-08 Luis García Meza Tejada, Bolivian dictator
  • 1934-01-05 William Bendeck, Bolivian rally driver, born in Bolivia (d. 1971)
  • 1941-06-07 Jaime Laredo, Bolivian violinist (Queen Elisabeth of Belgium Prize, 1959), conductor (Vermont Symphony, 1999-), and educator, born in Cochabamba, Bolivia

Evo Morales

1959-10-26 Evo Morales, Bolivian politician and 80th President of Bolivia (2006-2019), born in Isallawi, Bolivia

  • 1969-10-19 Erwin Sánchez, Bolivian footballer and manager, born in Santa Cruz, Bolivia
  • 1974-01-19 Jaime Moreno, Bolivian footballer, born in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia

Famous Weddings

  • 2007-04-21 Bolivian model Carla Morón weds architect Pedro Gantier at la Iglesia San Francisco de Santa Cruz

Famous Deaths

Butch Cassidy

1908-11-07 Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American train and bank robber, shot by Bolivian soldiers at 42

  • 1946-07-21 Gualberto Villarroel, President of Bolivia (b. 1908)

ExecutionChe Guevara

1967-10-09 Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Argentine Marxist revolutionary and physician, executed in Bolivia at 39

  • 1969-04-27 René Barrientos, President of Bolivia, dies at 49
  • 1971-11-14 William Bendeck, Bolivian rally driver (b. 1934)
  • 1976-06-02 Juan José Torres, former President of Bolivia, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor
  • 1982-01-24 Alfredo Ovando Candía, Bolivian president and dictator (b. 1918)
  • 1984-11-06 Gastón Suárez, Bolivian novelist and dramatist (b. 1929)
  • 1986-08-16 Jaime Saenz, Bolivian poet, novelist, and short story writer (b. 1921)
  • 1996-06-20 Walter Guevara Arze, provisional president of Bolivia (1979), dies
  • 1996-08-06 Hernan Siles Zuazo, President of Bolivia (1956-60, 1982-85), dies at 82
  • 2001-06-07 Víctor Paz Estenssoro, President of Bolivia (b. 1907)
  • 2002-05-05 Hugo Banzer, Bolivian dictator (b. 1926)
  • 2004-04-01 Nilo Soruco, Bolivian singer and songwriter, dies at 76
  • 2007-03-04 Jorge Kolle Cueto, Bolivian Commmunist Party politician
  • 2007-11-23 Óscar Carmelo Sánchez, Bolivian footballer (b. 1971)
  • 2010-03-30 Jaime Escalante, Bolivian-born American high school teacher at Garfield High School (b. 1930)