Burundi in History

Historical Events

  • 1962-06-30 Rwanda and Burundi become independent
  • 1962-07-01 Burundi & Rwanda gain independence from Belgium (National Days)
  • 1962-09-18 Rwanda, Burundi, Jamaica & Trinidad admitted (105th-108th) to UN
  • 1966-07-08 King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi
  • 1966-11-28 Coup in Burundi overthrows monarchy; a republic is declared
  • 1981-11-20 Burundi adopts its constitution
  • 1987-09-03 Coup in Burundi suspends constitution
  • 1993-06-01 Melchior Ndadaye elected President of Burundi
  • 1993-07-10 Melchior Ndadaye becomes 1st Hutu Burundi President, Sylvie Kinigi Prime Minister
  • 1993-10-21 Failed military coup in Burundi, led by ex-President Jean-Baptiste Bagaza, includes assassination President Ndadaye; 525,000 Hutus flee

Murder of InterestRwandan Genocide

1994-04-06 Plane carrying Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana and Burundian President Cyprien Ntaryamira is shot down by surface-to-air missiles, abruptly ending peace negotiations and sparking the Rwandan Genocide. Those responsible have never been identified.

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Skulls of genocide victims at the Nyamata Memorial Site in Rwanda
Skulls of genocide victims at the Nyamata Memorial Site in Rwanda
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  • 1994-09-30 Sylvestre Ntibantunganya elected president of Burundi
  • 1995-02-15 Burundi premier Anatole Kanyenkiko resigns
  • 1995-02-23 Antoine Nduwayo appointed Premier of Burundi
  • 2004-08-13 156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi
  • 2015-12-11 Unrest in Burundi leads to clashes between authorities and protesters in Bujumbura, killing at least 87

Famous Birthdays

  • 1953-03-28 Melchior Ndadaye, 1st Hutu President of Burundi (1993), born in Nyabihanga, Burundi (d. 1993)

Famous Deaths

  • 1965-01-15 Pierre Ngendandumwe, premier of Burundi, murdered
  • 1972-04-29 Ntare V, deposed King of Burundi, killed in an abortive coup
  • 1972-04-30 Ntare V, king of Burundi, murdered
  • 1993-10-21 Melchior Ndadaye, 1st Hutu President of Burundi (1993), murdered at 40
  • 1994-04-06 Cyprien Ntaryamira, 5th President of Burundi (1994), assassinated by missile strike on the plane he was travelling on over Kigali, Rwanda at 39