Cambodian History

Cambodia: Phnom Penh

Historical Events

  • 1863-08-11 Cambodia becomes French protectorate
  • 1946-01-07 Cambodia becomes autonomous state inside French Union

Historic Event

1950-05-21 Vietnamese troops of Ho Chi-Minh attack Cambodia

  • 1950-12-30 Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia become Independent states within the French Union
  • 1953-11-09 Cambodia (aka Kampuchea) gains independence from France, within the French Union
  • 1955-03-02 King Norodom Sihanukh of Cambodia succeeded by his father
  • 1958-07-10 Ex-king Norodom Sihanoek appointed premier of Cambodia
  • 1960-06-13 Prince Norodom Sihanoek becomes head of Cambodia
  • 1965-05-03 Cambodia drops diplomatic relations with the US
  • 1966-05-01 US troops shooting targets in Cambodia
  • 1967-05-10 Stockholm Vietnam Tribunal declares US aggression in Vietnam and Cambodia
  • 1969-04-24 US B-52's drop 3,000 ton bombs at Cambodian boundary
  • 1969-05-08 Cambodia recognizes the German Democratic Republic (East Germany)
  • 1970-03-18 Cambodia military coup under General Lon Nol, Prince Sihanuk flees
  • 1970-04-29 US and South Vietnamese forces launch an incursion into Cambodia, expanding the Vietnam War
  • 1970-04-30 US troops invade Cambodia
  • 1970-06-29 US ends 2 month military offensive into Cambodia
  • 1970-10-09 Khmer Republic (Cambodia) declares independence
  • 1970-11-16 South Vietnamese Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky defends operations in Cambodia because communist forces could overrun South Vietnam "within 24 hours" if troops operating there were withdrawn
  • 1971-11-16 The US increase air activity to support the Cambodian government as fighting neared Phnom Penh
  • 1971-12-01 Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.
  • 1972-03-10 General Lon Nol becomes President & Prince Sirik Matak premier of Cambodia
  • 1973-08-14 US ends secret bombing of Cambodia
  • 1975-04-01 Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer
  • 1975-04-16 Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh
  • 1975-04-17 The Khmer Rouge captures Phnom Penh, Cambodia marking the end of the Cambodian Civil war (Kampuchea National Day)
  • 1975-05-12 US merchant ship Mayaguez seized by Cambodian forces
  • 1975-05-14 French press reports massive deportation from Cambodia
  • 1975-05-14 US forces raid Cambodian island of Koh Tang to free Mayaguez ship
  • 1976-01-05 Cambodia is renamed "Democratic Kampuchea"
  • 1976-04-02 Cambodia Khieu Sampan succeeds Prince Sihanouk as Premier
  • 1977-03-18 US restricts citizens from visiting Cuba, Vietnam, North Korea & Cambodia
  • 1977-12-31 Cambodia drops diplomatic relations with Vietnam
  • 1981-06-27 Cambodia adopts its constitution
  • 1989-09-26 Last Vietnamese soldiers leave Cambodia
  • 1989-10-22 Red Khmer occupies Pailin in Cambodia

Historic Event

1991-11-14 Cambodian Prince Norodom Sihanouk returns to Phnom Penh after thirteen years of exile

  • 1993-09-24 Norodom Sihanouk again installed as King of Cambodia
  • 1994-07-26 Cambodia's Red Khmer surprise attack on train, kills 13
  • 1997-08-07 Ung Huot appointed Cambodia's 1st premier
  • 1998-11-23 Agreement between Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen and his rival, prince Norodom Ranariddh.
  • 1998-12-29 Leaders of the Khmer Rouge apologize for the 1970s genocide in Cambodia that claimed over a million people
  • 1999-04-30 Cambodia joins the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) bringing the total members to 10
  • 2004-10-07 King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates
  • 2009-09-26 Typhoon Ketsana (2009) hit the Philippines, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand, causing 700 fatalities.
  • 2012-09-10 A left over bazooka grenade in Cambodia explodes and kills three children
  • 2014-01-03 Cambodian garment workers go on strike demanding a wage increase
  • 2017-11-16 Cambodian court rules to dissolve the country's main opposition party Cambodia National Rescue party (CNRP)
  • 2018-07-26 Authorities in Stung Treng province, Cambodia, evacuate 25,000 below collapsed Laos dam as waters rise
  • 2018-07-29 Hun Sen's Cambodian People’s Party Hun Sen claims to have won all 125 seats in country's general election with widespread criticism of a sham vote

Famous Birthdays

  • 1913-11-13 Lon Nol, Cambodian politician, 7th President of the Khmer Republic (1972-75), born in Kampong Leav, Prey Veng, Cambodia (d. 1985)

Norodom Sihanouk

1922-10-31 Norodom Sihanouk, King of Cambodia (1941-55 and 1993-2004), head of state, independence campaigner and film producer, born in Phnom Penh, Cambodia (d. 2012)

Pol Pot

1925-05-19 Pol Pot, Cambodian dictator (1976-79) and revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge (1963-97), born in Prek Sbauv, Kampong Thom, Cambodia (d. 1998)

  • 1931-07-27 Khieu Samphan, Cambodian communist politician, born in Rumduol, Svay Rieng, French Protectorate of Cambodia
  • 1936-04-15 Pen Sovann, 1st post-Khmer Rouge Cambodian Prime Minister (1981), born in Takéo (d. 2016)
  • 1940-03-22 Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian-American obstetrician, author, refugee and actor (The Killing Fields), born in Samrong Yong, Cambodia (d. 1996)
  • 1942-09-23 Dith Pran, Cambodian photojournalist, survivor of the Cambodian genocide, and subject of the movie "The Killing Fields", born in Siem Reap, Cambodia (d. 2008)
  • 1942-11-17 Khang Khek Leu 'Comrade Dutch', Cambodian Khmer Rouge figure convicted of crimes against humanity, born in Choyaot village, Cambodia (d. 2020)
  • 1944-01-02 Prince Norodom Ranariddh, Cambodian politician
  • 1945-01-11 Samdech Preah Sanghareach Bour Kry, Supreme Patriarch of the Cambodian Dhammayutt Order
  • 1947-03-13 Beat Richner, Swiss physician (founder of children's hospitals in Cambodia) and cellist, born in Zürich, Switzerland
  • 1951-04-04 Hun Sen, Prime Minister of Cambodia, born in Kampong Cham, Cambodia
  • 1952-08-05 Hun Sen, Cambodian politician, Prime Minister of Cambodia 1985-), born in Kampong Cham, Cambodia
  • 1953-05-14 Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia
  • 1959-10-26 François Chau, Cambodian actor, born in Phnom Penh, Cambodia
  • 1964-04-18 Rithy Panh, Cambodian film director (Rice People), born in Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Famous Weddings

Pol Pot

1956-07-14 30th Prime Minister of Cambodia Pol Pot (31) marries Khieu Ponnary

Famous Deaths

  • 1951-10-29 Jean De Raymond, French High Director of Cambodia, assassinated by a Viet-Minh agent (b. 1907)
  • 1996-02-25 Haing S Ngor, Cambodian-American obstetrician, author, refugee and actor (The Killing Fields), murdered at 55

Pol Pot

1998-04-15 Pol Pot, Cambodian dictator (1976-79) & revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge (1963-97), dies at 72

  • 2006-04-01 In Tam, Cambodian politician (b. 1916)
  • 2008-03-30 Dith Pran, Cambodian photojournalist, survivor of the Cambodian genocide, and subject of the movie "The Killing Fields", dies of pancreatic cancer at 65
  • 2016-10-29 Pen Sovann, 1st post-Khmer Rouge Cambodian Prime Minister (1981), dies at 80