Canadian History Timeline

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 820

  • 1000-10-09 Leif Ericson discovers "Vinland" (possibly L'Anse aux Meadows, Canada) reputedly becoming first European to reach North America

Historic Event

1497-06-24 John Cabot claims parts of North America (what is now Eastern Canada) for England believing he has found Asia in Newfoundland

Historic Discovery

1534-06-29 French explorer Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover Prince Edward Islands, Canada

  • 1534-07-24 Jacques Cartier lands in what is now Canada, claims it for France
  • 1536-07-09 French navigator Jacques Cartier returns to Saint-Malo, France from exploration of what is now Canada
  • 1541-08-23 French explorer Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec City in his third voyage to Canada
  • 1578-05-31 Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England, to Frobisher Bay, Canada. Eventually mines fools gold, famously used to pave the streets of London.
  • 1613-03-27 The first English child born in Canada at Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy
  • 1620-06-03 Construction of the oldest stone church in French North America, Notre-Dame-des-Anges, begins at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
  • 1634-07-04 The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France, later to become the Canadian province of Quebec

Historic Event

1642-05-18 Ville-Marie (later Montreal), Canada, founded by the Société Notre-Dame de Montréal

  • 1672-05-17 Frontenac becomes Governor of New France (Canada)
  • 1713-06-23 The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada
  • 1733-05-29 The right of Canadians to keep Indian slaves is upheld in Quebec City

Battle of Interest

1754-05-28 Battle of Jumonville Glen: forces led by George Washington kill French Canadian officer Joseph Coulon de Jumonville

  • 1760-06-04 Great Upheaval: New England planters arrive to claim land in Nova Scotia, Canada taken from the Acadians
  • 1763-02-10 Treaty of Paris ends French-Indian War, surrendering Canada to Britain
  • 1771-05-07 Samuel Hearne explores Copper Mine River of Canada
  • 1773-07-20 Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada)
  • 1775-05-17 American Revolutionary War: the Continental Congress bans trade with Canada
  • 1780-05-19 About midday, near-total darkness descends on New England, now known to be caused by forest fires in Canada
  • 1783-05-18 First United Empire Loyalists reach Parrtown, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada after leaving the United States
  • 1790-05-31 Alferez Manuel Quimper explores the Strait of Juan de Fuca (now the international border between Canada and the US)
  • 1792-12-17 Opening of 1st legislative assembly of Lower Canada in Quebec city
  • 1793-07-22 Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada
  • 1796-02-01 The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York
  • 1812-07-11 US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)
  • 1812-07-12 US forces led by General Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
  • 1812-10-13 Battle of Queenstown Heights: British forces defeat United States forces attempting to invade Canada
  • 1813-05-27 Americans capture Fort George, Canada
  • 1813-06-06 US invasion of Canada halted at Stoney Creek (Ontario)

Victory in Battle

1813-10-05 Battle of the Thames; American forces under General William Henry Harrison defeat Tecumseh's Confederacy and their British allies led by Henry Procter near Chatham, Upper Canada

  • 1814-07-03 Americans capture Fort Erie, Canada (War of 1812)
  • 1814-07-05 Americans defeat British and Canadians at Chippewa, Ontario
  • 1818-04-16 Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)
  • 1818-10-20 49th parallel forms as border between US & Canada
  • 1822-06-18 Part of US-Canadian boundary determined
  • 1825-02-22 Russia & Britain establish Alaska-Canada boundary
  • 1826-08-19 Canada Co. chartered to colonize Upper Canada (Ontario)
  • 1827-08-10 Race riots in Cincinnati (1,000 blacks leave for Canada)
  • 1832-06-07 Asian cholera reaches Quebec, brought by Irish immigrants, and kills about 6,000 people in Lower Canada
  • 1836-07-21 1st Canadian RR opens, between Laprairie and St John, Quebec
  • 1837-03-24 Canada gives its black citizens the right to vote
  • 1837-05-25 The Patriots of Lower Canada (Quebec) rebel against the British for freedom.
  • 1837-12-05 Uprising under William Lyon Mackenzie in Canada
  • 1837-12-29 Canadian militia destroy Caroline, a US steamboat docked at Buffalo
  • 1838-02-28 Robert Nelson, leader of the Patriotes, proclaims the independence of Lower Canada (today Québec)
  • 1838-03-03 Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario, Canada
  • 1838-06-04 First baseball-type game in Canada played at Beachville, Upper Canada
  • 1839-09-11 1st Canadian track and field meet held at Caer Howell Grounds
  • 1840-07-23 Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper & Lower Canada
  • 1841-06-14 1st Canadian parliament opens in Kingston, Ontario
  • 1841-10-16 Queens University in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, is chartered
  • 1842-08-09 US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
  • 1844-09-25 Canada defeats USA by 23 runs in the first cricket international match at the grounds of the St George's Cricket Club in Manhattan, NYC
  • 1845-05-28 Fire in Quebec, Canada, 1,500 houses destroyed
  • 1848-03-11 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government
  • 1849-04-25 The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal's English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.
  • 1851-04-23 Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
  • 1852-07-09 Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal, Canada

Historic Invention

1855-03-27 Canadian geologist Abraham Gesner patents kerosene

  • 1857-06-10 Britain passes an act putting Canada on the decimal currency system

Historic Event

1857-12-31 Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa as new capital of Canada

  • 1858-01-01 Canada begins using decimal currency system
  • 1858-07-01 1st Canadian coins minted (1, 5, 10 and 20 cent)
  • 1858-12-12 1st Canadian coins circulated (1 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent & 20 cent)
  • 1859-06-15 Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the "Northwestern Boundary Dispute" between U.S. and British/Canadian settlers
  • 1861-11-09 1st documented Canadian football game (at U of Toronto)
  • 1864-06-29 Canada's worst railway accident: Grand Trunk Railway train crashes onto a barge on the Richelieu River killing 100 people
  • 1867-03-08 British North America Act is passed in the House of Commons, serves as Canada's constitution for more than 100 years
  • 1867-03-29 British North America Act (Canadian constitution) is given Royal Assent

Historic Event

1867-07-01 The Dominion of Canada is formed, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec, with John A. Macdonald serving as the first Prime Minister

  • 1867-09-16 Ottawa Rough Riders & Senators play Canadian Football game
  • 1867-10-23 72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.
  • 1868-04-07 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, one of the Canadian Fathers of Confederation is assassinated by the Irish, in one of the few Canadian political assassinations, and only federal politician
  • 1868-10-10 1st written account of a Canadian football game
  • 1869-04-09 Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada
  • 1869-10-05 A strong hurricane known as the Saxby Gale devastates the Bay of Fundy region in Maritime Canada. Incredibly British naval officer Stephen Martin Saxby predicted the storm 10 months earlier in December 1868 via astronomy.
  • 1869-11-03 Canada's Hamilton Football Club forms
  • 1869-12-08 Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada.
  • 1869-12-18 Canada's Hamilton Football Club plays its 1st game
  • 1870-02-12 Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada

Execution

1870-03-04 On command of Louis Riel, Thomas Scott is executed by a firing squad. Riel rejects all appeals and requests to intervene in an attempt to demonstrate to the Canadian government that the Métis must be taken seriously

  • 1870-04-15 Last day US silver coins allow to circulate in Canada
  • 1870-07-15 Manitoba becomes the 5th Canadian province and the Northwest Territories are created and transferred to Canada by the Hudson's Bay Company
  • 1871-04-14 Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills
  • 1871-07-01 The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada
  • 1871-07-20 British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
  • 1872-04-14 Dominion Lands Act passed: Canada's Homestead Act
  • 1872-06-14 Trade unions are legalised in Canada.
  • 1873-05-23 Canada's North West Mounted Police Force forms (it didn't get the "Royal" until 1904)
  • 1873-07-01 Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province
  • 1873-11-05 Due to the fallout from the Pacific Scandal, John A. Macdonald resigns as Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1874-09-12 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
  • 1876-06-03 Lacrosse introduced in Britain and Canada
  • 1876-08-10 1st phone call between Brantford & Paris, Canada
  • 1876-08-12 Madeline (US) beats Countess Dufferin (Canada) in 4th America's Cup

Historic Event

1877-05-05 Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles

  • 1878-07-01 Canada joins the Universal Postal Union

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 2,582

Jacques CartierJacques Cartier (1491-1557)

1491-12-23 French explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France, born in St. Malo, Brittany

Jeanne ManceJeanne Mance (1606-1673)

1606-11-12 French-Canadian settler who founded the first hospital in North America (Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal), born in Langres, France

  • 1608-05-15 René Goupil, French Catholic missionary (Canadian Martyrs) (d. 1642)

Marguerite BourgeoysMarguerite Bourgeoys (1620-1700)

1620-04-17 French founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame (first Canadian saint), born in Troyes, France

  • 1645-09-21 Louis Jolliet, Canadian explorer (explored the origins of the Mississippi River helped by the Native American), born in Quebec, Canada (d. 1700)
  • 1665-06-04 Zacharie Robutel de La Noue, Canadian soldier, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1733)
  • 1678-03-03 Madeleine de Verchères, French Canadian heroine (d. 1747)
  • 1685-11-17 Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye, French Canadian trader and explorer of North Dakota and the upper Missouri River, born in Trois-Rivières, New France (d. 1749)
  • 1698-11-22 Pierre de Rigaud, Canadian-born French Governor of New France, born in Quebec, New France (d. 1778)
  • 1701-07-15 Pierre Joubert, became the oldest known Canadian (113 years 124 days at his death)
  • 1701-10-15 Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, first native Canadian canonized (founded the Order of Sisters of Charity of Montreal), born in Varennes, Quebec (d. 1771)
  • 1714-12-21 John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier, born in Annapolis Royal, Canada (d. 1774)
  • 1721-11-22 Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres, Swiss-Canadian cartographer and statesman, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1824)

James WolfeJames Wolfe (1727-1759)

1727-01-02 British Army officer who defeated the French in Canada and captured Quebec, born in Westerham, England

  • 1738-04-16 Henry Clinton, British army officer and politician, born in Newfoundland, British Canada (d. 1795)
  • 1744-10-06 James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1813)
  • 1746-11-15 Joseph Quesnel, French Canadian composer and playwright (Colas et Colinette), born in Saint-Malo, France (d. 1809)
  • 1752-02-25 John Graves Simcoe, first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada (d. 1806)

Isaac BrockIsaac Brock (1769-1812)

1769-10-06 British army officer who successfully defended Upper Canada in War of 1812, born in St Peter Port, Guernsey

  • 1770-04-30 David Thompson, English-Canadian explorer (Columbia River), born in Westminster, England (d. 1857)

Laura SecordLaura Secord (1775-1868)

1775-09-13 Canadian heroine of the war of 1812, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts Bay

  • 1783-05-09 Alexander Ross, Canadian fur trader, born in Morayshire, Scotland (d. 1856)
  • 1786-10-07 Louis-Joseph Papineau, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1871)
  • 1786-10-30 Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer, born in Quebec City, Quebec (d. 1871)
  • 1787-05-07 Jacques Viger, French Canadian politician, 1st mayor of Montreal (1833-36), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1858)
  • 1787-11-21 Samuel Cunard, Canadian-British shipping magnate and founder (1st regular Atlantic steamship line), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1865)
  • 1795-03-12 William Lyon Mackenzie, Canadian-American newspaper publisher, politician, and failed rebel leader, born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1861)
  • 1795-10-05 Alexander Keith, Scottish-Canadian politician (4th Mayor of Halifax) and brewer (founder of the Alexander Keith's Nova Scotia Brewery), born in Halkirk, Caithness, Highland, Scotland (d. 1873)
  • 1796-03-24 John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (d. 1878)
  • 1796-10-04 John Richardson, Canadian writer (Wacousta, or the prophecy), born in Queenston, Ontario, Canada (d. 1852)
  • 1796-11-06 George Back, English sea officer and explorer (North Canada), born in Stockport, Cheshire (d. 1878)
  • 1796-12-17 Thomas Chandler Haliburton, Canadian novelist (The Clockmaker; or, The Sayings and Doings of Samuel Slick of Slickville), born in Windsor, Canada (d. 1865)

Abraham GesnerAbraham Gesner (1797-1864)

1797-05-02 Canadian geologist (inventor of kerosene), born in Cornwallis, Nova Scotia

  • 1799-01-22 Ludger Duvernay, Canadian printer and publisher (d. 1852)
  • 1799-10-30 Ignace Bourget, French Canadian Bishop of Montreal, born in Lévis, Province of Lower Canada, British Empire (d. 1885)
  • 1802-10-25 Joseph Montferrand, French Canadian logger and strong man, born in St. Lawrence, Montreal (d. 1864)
  • 1804-02-19 David Wark, Canadian politician (d. 1905)
  • 1804-05-12 Robert Baldwin, (L) help establish government in Canada (or 1904)
  • 1804-12-13 Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (3rd Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1873)
  • 1806-12-09 Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote, born in Lachine, Canada (d. 1838)
  • 1807-10-04 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, French Canadian politician (Prime Minister of the Province of Canada), born in Boucherville, Lower Canada (d. 1864)
  • 1809-06-15 François-Xavier Garneau, French Canadian poet and historian (d. 1866)
  • 1809-07-30 Charles Chiniquy, Canadian Catholic priest who left the Roman Catholic Church and became a Presbyterian minister, born in Kamouraska, Quebec (d. 1899)
  • 1810-09-03 Paul Kane, Irish-Canadian painter, born in Mallow, County Cork, Ireland (d. 1871)
  • 1810-09-04 Donald McKay, Canadian-American naval architect (built fastest clipper ships), born in Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1880)
  • 1811-12-02 Jean-Charles Chapais, Canadian politician (considered Father of the Canadian Confederation), born in Rivière-Ouelle, Lower Canada (d. 1885)
  • 1813-02-14 John McNeil, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1891)
  • 1814-09-06 George Cartier, Canadian co-PM (1858-62), born in Saint-Antoine-sur-Richelieu, Quebec, Canada (d. 1873)

John A. MacdonaldJohn A. Macdonald (1815-1891)

1815-01-11 1st Prime Minister of Canada (1867-73 and 1878-91), born in Glasgow, Scotland

  • 1815-06-19 Cornelius Krieghoff, Dutch-Canadian painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1872)

James DonnellyJames Donnelly (1816-1880)

1816-03-07 Irish-Canadian patriarch of the Donnelly family (Black Donnelly massacre), born in Ireland

  • 1817-09-06 Alexander Tilloch Galt, Canadian politician, a father of Canadian Confederation, born in Chelsea, England (d. 1893)
  • 1818-01-17 Antoine-Aimé Dorion, Canadian politician and jurist (joint premier of Canada 1858, 1863-64), born in Ste-Anne-de-la-Pérade, Lower Canada (d. 1891)
  • 1818-11-29 George Brown, Birtish-Canadian journalist, publisher (Toronto Globe), Premier of Canada West (Liberal: 1858) and one of the Fathers of Confederation, born in Alloa, Clackmannanshire, Scotland (d. 1880)
  • 1820-05-30 Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, French Canadian politician (1st Premier of Quebec), born in Charlesbourg, Quebec (d. 1890)
  • 1820-07-27 John Franklin Farnsworth, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Eaton, Canada (d. 1897)
  • 1820-08-12 Oliver Mowat, a founder of the Canadian Confederation
  • 1820-08-16 Andrew Rainsford Wetmore, Canadian politician, born in Fredericton, Canada (d. 1892)
  • 1820-10-13 John William Dawson, Canadian geologist, born in Pictou, Nova Scotia (d. 1899)

John AbbottJohn Abbott (1821-1893)

1821-03-12 3rd Prime Minister of Canada (Conservative: 1891-92), born in Saint-Andre, Quebec

Charles TupperCharles Tupper (1821-1915)

1821-07-02 6th Prime Minister of Canada (Conservative: 69-day term in 1896), born in Amherst, Nova Scotia

Alexander MackenzieAlexander Mackenzie (1822-1892)

1822-01-28 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1873-78), born in Logierait, Scotland

  • 1823-04-06 Joseph Medill, St John NB Canada, newspaper editor (Chicago Tribune)
  • 1823-04-16 Mother Joseph of the Sacred Heart [Esther Pariseau], Canadian religious leader (US capitol), born in Saint-Elzéar, Quebec, Canada (d. 1902)
  • 1823-06-02 Gédéon Ouimet, French Canadian politician (d. 1905)

Mary Ann Shadd CaryMary Ann Shadd Cary (1823-1893)

1823-10-09 American-Canadian publisher and anti-slavery campaigner, 1st African American newspaper publisher ('Provincial Freeman'), born in Wilmington, Delaware

Mackenzie BowellMackenzie Bowell (1823-1917)

1823-12-27 5th Prime Minister of Canada (1894-96), born in Rickinghall, England

  • 1824-02-03 Ranald MacDonald, Canadian-born Scottish educator and interpreter (d. 1894)
  • 1824-09-28 Alfred Gilpin Jones, 8th Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (1900-06), born in Weymouth, NOva Scotia, Canada (d. 1906)
  • 1825-04-13 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Irish-Canadian journalist and Father of Confederation, born in Carlingford, County Louth, Ireland (d. 1868)
  • 1827-01-07 Sir Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer; introduced Universal Standard Time (d. 1915)
  • 1827-04-16 Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet, born in Quebec City, Canada (d. 1879)
  • 1827-08-22 Ezra Butler Eddy, Canadian businessman (E.B. Eddy Company) and politician, born in Vermont (d. 1906)
  • 1827-12-10 Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and brewer (O'Keefe Brewery Company of Toronto Limited), born in Bandon, County Cork (d. 1913)
  • 1828-10-27 Jacob Dolson Cox, Canadian-American statesman, lawyer, and Major General (Union Army), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1900)
  • 1829-12-05 Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French-Canadian politician (7th Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia), born in Épernay, France (d. 1908)
  • 1830-04-05 Alexander Muir, Canadian composer (The Maple Leaf Forever), born in Lesmahagow, Scotland (d. 1906)
  • 1831-05-01 Emily Stowe, Canadian suffragist and first woman licensed to practise medicine in Canada, born in Norwich Township, Oxford County, Ontario (d. 1903)
  • 1831-06-08 Thomas J. Higgins, Union Army soldier during the American Civil War, recipient of America's highest military decoration (Medal of Honor), born in Huntington, Quebec, Canada (d. 1917)
  • 1831-08-16 John Jones Ross, Canadian politician, 7th Premier of Quebec (1884-87), born in Quebec City, Canada (d. 1901)
  • 1838-09-16 James J. Hill, Canadian-American railroad entrepreneur (Great Northern Railroad), born in Eramosa Township, Ontario (d. 1916)
  • 1838-12-11 John Labatt, Canadian brewer and businessman (Labatt Brewing Company), born in Westminster Township (d. 1915)
  • 1839-04-18 Frantz Jehin-Prume, Canadian violinist and composer, born in Spa, Liège, Belgium (d. 1899)
  • 1839-05-08 Adolphe-Basile Routhier, French Canadian lyricist ("O! Canada"), born in Saint-Placide, Quebec (d. 1920)
  • 1839-08-15 Hugh Archibald Clarke, Canadian organist, composer, and educator (The Music of The Spheres), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1927)
  • 1839-11-16 Louis-Honoré Fréchette, Canadian poet, born in Lévis, Canada (d. 1908)
  • 1840-01-10 Louis Nazaire Bégin, French Canadian archbishop and cardinal, born in Lévis, Canada (d. 1925)
  • 1840-09-26 Louis-Olivier Taillon, French Canadian politician, born in Terrebonne, Lower Canada (d. 1923)
  • 1840-10-15 Honoré Mercier, Canadian politician and 9th Premier of Quebec (1887-91), born in Saint-Athanase, Lower Canada (d. 1894)
  • 1840-11-09 Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, French Canadian lawyer and politician, born in Sainte-Thérèse, Canada (d. 1898)
  • 1840-11-30 Henry Birks, Canadian businessman and founder of Henri Birks and Sons, born in Montreal, Lower Canada (d. 1928)
  • 1841-02-18 Samuel Prowse Warren, Canadian organist and composer, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1915)
  • 1841-03-03 John Murray, Canadian-British oceanographer, marine biologist (Challenger Expedition, 1872-76), and writer (The Depths of the Ocean), born in Coburg, West Canada (now Ontario) (d. 1914)
  • 1841-04-15 Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (Seagram Distilleries), born in Fisher's Mills, Canada West (d. 1919)

Wilfrid LaurierWilfrid Laurier (1841-1918)

1841-11-20 7th Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1896-1911), born in Saint-Lin, Quebec

  • 1842-12-28 Calixa Lavallee, Canadian composer (O Canada), born in Verchères (d. 1891)
  • 1843-08-23 William Southam, Canadian newspaper publisher, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1932)
  • 1843-11-27 William Cornelius Van Horne, American-Canadian railway executive (Canadian Pacific Railway), born in Frankfort, Illinois (d. 1915)
  • 1844-02-20 Joshua Slocum, Canadian-American seaman and adventurer, born in Mount Hanley, Nova Scotia (d. 1909)

Elijah McCoyElijah McCoy (1844-1929)

1844-05-02 Canadian-American inventor of African descent, notable for his 57 US patents (lubrication of steam engines), born in Colchester, Ontario


Famous Weddings

John A. Macdonald

1843-09-01 Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald (28) weds his cousin Isabella Clark

Charles Tupper

1846-10-08 Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper (25) weds Frances Amelia Morse (20) in Amherst, Nova Scotia

John Abbott

1849-07-26 Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott (28) weds Mary Bethune at bride's parents home

Wilfrid Laurier

1868-08-13 Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier (26) weds Zoé Lafontaine (27) in Montreal, Canada

John Thompson

1870-07-05 Future Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson (24) weds Annie E. Affleck (25) in Portland, Maine

Arthur Meighen

1904-06-24 Prime Minister of Canada Arthur Meighen (30) weds Jessie Isabel Cox

Lucy Maud Montgomery

1911-07-05 "Anne of Green Gables" author Lucy Maud Montgomery (36) weds Ewen MacDonald in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Lester B. Pearson

1925-08-22 Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson (28) weds teacher Maryon Elspeth Moody (23)

Norma Shearer

1926-09-29 Canadian-American actress Norma Shearer weds film producer Irving Thalberg

Henry Fonda

1936-09-16 American actor Henry Fonda (31) weds Canadian-American socialite Frances Ford Seymour (28) at Christ Church, New York City

Mary Pickford

1937-06-26 Canadian-American silent film actress Mary Pickford (45) weds American actor and band leader Charles Rogers (32)

Jacques Plante

1949-04-30 Ice hockey goaltender Jacques Plante (20) weds Jacqueline Gagne in Quebec, Canada

John Diefenbaker

1953-12-08 Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker (58) weds second wife Olive Palmer (51) at Park Road Baptist Church in Toronto, Canada

William Shatner

1956-08-12 Canadian "Star Trek" actor William Shatner (25) weds Gloria Rand; divorce in 1969

Jean Chretien

1957-09-10 Prime Minister of Canada Jean Chretien (23) weds Aline Chaine (21) in Canada

John Turner

1963-05-11 Prime Minister of Canada John Turner (33) weds Geills McCrae Kilgour (25)

Pierre Trudeau

1971-03-04 Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau (51) weds author and actress Margaret Joan Sinclair (23) at a private ceremony in North Vancouver, Canada

Brian Mulroney

1973-05-26 Prime Minister of Canada Brian Mulroney (34) weds Mila Pivnicki (19)

Joe Clark

1973-06-30 Prime Minister of Canada Joe Clark (34) weds lawyer Maureen McTeer (21)

Bobby Orr

1973-09-08 Canadian ice hockey superstar Bobby Orr (25) weds American speech therapist Peggy Wood at a secret ceremony in Ontario, Canada

Sidney Poitier

1976-01-23 Bahamian-American actor Sidney Poitier (48) weds Canadian actress Joanna Shimkus

Neil Young

1978-08-02 Canadian singer-songwriter Neil Young (32) weds American diner waitress Pegi Morton (25); divorce 2014

John Candy

1979-04-28 Actor and comedian John Candy (28) weds Rosemary Margaret Hobor at St. Basil's Church in Toronto, Canada

Joni Mitchell

1982-11-21 Canadian singer Joni Mitchell (39) weds American bassist Larry Klein (26) in Malibu, California; divorce in 1994

Dan Aykroyd

1983-08-29 Canadian-American actor Dan Aykroyd (31) weds American actress Donna Dixon (26); separate in 2022

  • 1994-10-29 Canadian-American comic-impressionist Rich Little (55) weds American comedian Jeannette Markey (28) at the MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada; divorce in 1997

Celine Dion

1994-12-17 Queen of Pop Céline Dion (26) weds her manager Rene Angelil (52) at Notre Dame Basilica in Montreal, Canada

Neve Campbell

1995-04-03 Canadian actress Neve Campbell (21) weds Canadian bartender and actor Jeff Colt; divorce in 1998

  • 1999-06-10 Model-actress Esther Canadas (22) weds model Mark Vanderloo (31) at the 900-year-old Vallombrosa Abbey in Tuscany

Prince Rogers Nelson

2001-12-31 American singer Prince Rogers Nelson (43) weds Canadian businesswoman Manuela Testolini; divorce in 2006

  • 2002-08-10 "Baywatch" actress Angelica Bridges (28) weds Canadian hockey player Sheldon Souray (26) at the Bellagio Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada
  • 2005-06-01 "The Amazing Race 7" executive assistant Alex Ali weds Lynn Warren in Ottawa, Canada
  • 2005-09-17 Country music singer Terri Clark (37) weds her tour manager Greg Kaczor at a Lake Louise resort in Calgary, Canada; divorce in 2007
  • 2005-12-31 Olympic gold medal skater Jamie Sale (28) weds her pair figure skater David Pelletier (31) at Fairmont Banff Springs Hotel in Canada
  • 2006-12-30 Canadian pair figure skaters David Pelletier (31) weds partner Jamie Sale (28) at the Fairmont Banff Springs hotel in Alberta, Canada
  • 2007-04-14 Supermodel Esther Canadas (30) weds MotoGP rider Sete Gibernau (34) in Spain

Alanis Morissette

2010-05-22 Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist Alanis Morissette (38) weds American rapper Mario Treadway (32) in Los Angeles

Hilary Duff

2010-08-14 Actress and singer Hilary Duff (24) weds retired Canadian professional ice hockey centre Mike Comrie (31) at La Quinta Estate in Montecito, California

Michael Bublé

2011-03-31 Canadian-Italian singer Michael Bublé (35) officially weds Argentine actress and model Luisana Lopilato (23) in civil ceremony at Buenos Aires, Argentina Office of the Registry

  • 2011-06-18 British peer and brother of Diana, Princess of Wales, Charles Spencer (47) weds Canadian social entrepreneur and former model Karen Gordon (39) at Althorp House in Northamptonshire

Seth Rogen

2011-10-02 Canadian stand-up comedian and actor Seth Rogen (30) weds screenwriter Lauren Miller at Kunde Family Estate in Sonoma, California

  • 2012-08-11 "The Hangover" actor-comedian Zach Galifianakis (42) weds co-founder of the Growing Voices charity Quinn Lundberg at the UBC Farm in Vancouver, Canada

Avril Lavigne

2013-07-01 Canadian singer Avril Lavigne (28) weds Canadian singer Chad Kroeger (38) at the Château de La Napoule, a reconstructed medieval castle on the Mediterranean Sea in the South of France.

  • 2013-07-06 Actress Elisha Cuthbert (30) weds ice hockey player Dion Phaneuf at St James Catholic Church in Summerfield, Canada

Elton John

2014-12-21 British pop piano player and singer Elton John (67) weds Canadian filmmaker David Furnish (52) at their estate in Windsor, England on the 9th anniversary of their civil partnership

  • 2015-10-10 Actor Victor Garber (66) weds artist and model Rainer Andreesen in Tofino, Canada
  • 2016-10-22 Legendary Canadian-American singer and songwriter Paul Anka (75) weds Lisa Pemberton at the Four Seasons in Los Angeles

Justin Bieber

2018-11-23 Canadian singer Justin Bieber (24) confirms he has married American model Hailey Baldwin (22)


Famous Divorces

Pierre Trudeau

1984-04-02 Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau (64) divorces Margaret Sinclair (35) due to irreconcilable differences, after 13 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 1,043

Jacques CartierJacques Cartier (1491-1557)

1557-09-01 French explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France, dies at 65

  • 1594-11-22 Martin Frobisher, English privateer, explorer (Canada) and later vice-admiral who helped defeat the Spanish Armada, dies aged between 55 and 59
  • 1642-09-29 René Goupil, French Catholic missionary, one of Canadian Martyrs (b. 1608)
  • 1649-03-17 Gabriel Lallemant, French Jesuit missionary, one of the Canadian Martyrs (b. 1610)

Jeanne ManceJeanne Mance (1606-1673)

1673-06-18 French-Canadian settler who founded the first hospital in North America (Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal), dies at 66

  • 1696-01-11 Charles Albanel, French missionary explorer in Canada (b. 1616)
  • 1706-07-09 Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, French Canadian sailor and explorer and adventurer (explored Hudson Bay and Louisiana), dies in Havana at 44
  • 1749-12-05 Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye, French Canadian trader and explorer of North Dakota and the upper Missouri River, dies at 64

James WolfeJames Wolfe (1727-1759)

1759-09-13 British Army officer who defeated the French in Canada and captured Quebec, dies in battle at 32

  • 1771-12-23 Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, first native Canadian canonized (founded the Order of Sisters of Charity of Montreal), dies at 70,
  • 1774-09-25 John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier (British officer in French-Indian War, organized The Bateau and Transport Service), dies at 59
  • 1778-08-04 Pierre de Rigaud, Canadian-born French Governor of New France, dies at 79
  • 1806-10-26 John Graves Simcoe, first lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada (b. 1752)
  • 1809-07-03 Joseph Quesnel, French Canadian composer and playwright (Colas et Colinette), dies at 62
  • 1813-12-19 James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, dies at 69
  • 1820-03-12 Alexander Mackenzie, Scottish born Canadian explorer, First European to cross North America, dies at roughly 56
  • 1824-10-27 Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres, Swiss-Canadian cartographer and statesman, dies at 102
  • 1836-01-11 John Molson, Canadian brewer (founded Montreal brewery Molsons), dies at 72
  • 1838-12-14 Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician & Patriote, dies during Battle of Saint-Eustache at 32
  • 1852-05-12 John Richardson, Canadian writer (War of 1812), dies at 55
  • 1856-10-23 Alexander Ross, Canadian fur trader, dies at 73
  • 1857-02-10 David Thompson, English-Canadian explorer (Columbia River), dies at 86
  • 1857-09-03 John McLoughlin, Canadian trapper (b. 1784)
  • 1858-12-09 Robert Baldwin, Canadian politician (b. 1804)
  • 1858-12-12 Jacques Viger, French Canadian politician, 1st mayor of Montreal (1833-36), dies at 71
  • 1861-08-28 William Lyon Mackenzie, Canadian-American newspaper publisher, politician, and failed rebel leader, dies at 66
  • 1862-04-19 Simon Fraser, Canadian explorer, dies
  • 1864-02-26 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, French Canadian politician (Prime Minister of the Province of Canada), dies at 56

Abraham GesnerAbraham Gesner (1797-1864)

1864-04-29 Canadian geologist (inventor of kerosene), dies at 66

  • 1864-10-04 Joseph Montferrand, French Canadian logger and strong man, dies at 61
  • 1865-04-28 Samuel Cunard, Canadian-British shipping magnate & founder (1st regular Atlantic steamship line), dies at 77
  • 1865-08-27 Thomas Chandler Haliburton, Canadian novelist (The Clockmaker; or, The Sayings and Doings of Samuel Slick of Slickville), dies at 68
  • 1866-02-03 François-Xavier Garneau, French Canadian poet and historian (b. 1809)
  • 1866-10-26 John Kinder Labatt, Irish-Canadian brewer (Labatt Brewing Company) (b. 1803)
  • 1868-04-07 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Irish-Canadian journalist and Father of Confederation, dies at 42

Laura SecordLaura Secord (1775-1868)

1868-10-17 Canadian heroine of the war of 1812, dies at 93

  • 1870-09-27 Henry TP Comstock, Canadian silver prospector, dies at 50
  • 1871-01-29 Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer, dies at 84
  • 1871-02-20 Paul Kane, Irish-Canadian painter, dies at 60
  • 1871-05-07 Louis-Joseph Papineau, Canadian political reformer (Patriote movement), dies at 84
  • 1872-03-08 Cornelius Krieghoff, Dutch-Canadian painter, dies at 56
  • 1872-11-29 Cornelius Kreighoff, Canadian painter, dies at 56
  • 1873-05-20 Sir George-Étienne Cartier, French Canadian statesman (b. 1814)
  • 1873-06-01 Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (3rd Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia), dies at 68
  • 1873-12-14 Alexander Keith, Scottish-Canadian politician (4th Mayor of Halifax) & brewer (founder of the Alexander Keith's Nova Scotia Brewery), dies at 78
  • 1878-04-01 John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (b. 1796)
  • 1879-01-16 Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet, dies at 51

James DonnellyJames Donnelly (1816-1880)

1880-02-04 Irish-Canadian patriarch of the Donnelly family, murdered along with his family in the "Black Donnelly" massacre at 63

  • 1880-09-20 Donald McKay, Canadian-American naval architect (built fastest clipper ships), dies at 70
  • 1885-06-08 Ignace Bourget, French Canadian Bishop of Montreal, dies at 85
  • 1885-07-17 Jean-Charles Chapais, Canadian politician (considered Father of the Canadian Confederation), dies at 73

Louis RielLouis Riel (1844-1885)

1885-11-16 Canadian politician, founder of the province of Manitoba and leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies, hanged for treason at 41

  • 1886-03-30 Joseph-Alfred Mousseau, French Canadian politician (b. 1838)
  • 1890-04-04 Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, French Canadian politician (1st Premier of Quebec), dies at 69
  • 1891-01-21 Calixa Lavallee, Canadian composer (O Canada), dies at 48

John A. MacdonaldJohn A. Macdonald (1815-1891)

1891-06-06 1st Prime Minister of Canada (1867-73 and 1878-91), dies of a stroke at 76

  • 1892-06-09 William Grant Stairs, Canadian-British explorer and adventurer with leading role controversial African expeditions, dies of malaria at 28
  • 1892-11-15 Thomas Neill Cream, Scottish-Canadian serial killer (Lambeth poisoner), is executed at 42

Mary Ann Shadd CaryMary Ann Shadd Cary (1823-1893)

1893-06-05 American-Canadian publisher and anti-slavery campaigner, 1st African American newspaper publisher, dies of stomach cancer at 69

  • 1893-09-19 Alexander Tilloch Galt, Canadian politician, a father of Canadian Confederation, dies at 76

John AbbottJohn Abbott (1821-1893)

1893-10-30 3rd Prime Minister of Canada (Conservative: 1891-92), dies of brain cancer at 72

  • 1894-06-22 Alexandre-Antonin Taché, Canadian archbishop (b. 1823)
  • 1894-10-30 Honoré Mercier, Canadian politician and 9th Premier of Quebec (1887-91), dies at 54

John ThompsonJohn Thompson (1845-1894)

1894-12-12 4th Prime Minister of Canada (Conservative: 1892-94), dies of a sudden heart attack at 49

  • 1896-06-07 Wyatt Eaton, Canadian-American artist, dies from tuberculosis at 47
  • 1898-06-13 Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, French Canadian lawyer and politician, dies at 57
  • 1899-01-16 Charles Chiniquy, Canadian Catholic priest who left the Roman Catholic Church and became a Presbyterian minister, dies at 89
  • 1899-05-29 Frantz Jehin-Prume, Canadian violinist and composer, dies at 60
  • 1899-10-28 C Grant B Allen, Canada, British writer (Woman Who Did), dies
  • 1899-11-19 John William Dawson, Canadian geologist, dies at 79
  • 1901-05-04 John Jones Ross, Canadian politician, 7th Premier of Quebec (1884-87), dies at 69
  • 1901-06-02 George Leslie Mackay, Canadian missionary (b. 1844)
  • 1902-01-19 Mother Joseph of the Sacred Heart [Esther Pariseau], Canadian religious leader (US capitol), dies at 78
  • 1903-04-30 Emily Stowe, Canadian suffragist and first woman licensed to practise medicine in Canada, dies at 71
  • 1904-07-03 Edouard Beaupré, Canadian giant and strongman (b. 1881)
  • 1904-08-25 William Hall, Canadian Royal Naval sailor (b. 1827)
  • 1904-09-26 John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman and statesman (b. 1848)
  • 1905-10-29 Etienne Desmarteau, Canadian athlete (b. 1873)
  • 1906-02-10 Ezra Butler Eddy, Canadian businessman (E.B. Eddy Company) and politician, dies at 78
  • 1906-06-26 Alexander Muir, Canadian composer (The Maple Leaf Forever), dies at 76
  • 1906-10-07 Honoré Beaugrand, Canadian journalist and politician, mayor of Montreal (b. 1848)
  • 1907-01-31 Timothy Eaton, Irish-born Canadian department store founder (Eatons), dies at 72
  • 1908-01-06 George Dixon, Canadian boxer (World Bantamweight title, 1892; World Featherweight champion, 1891-97 & 1898-1901; 1st Black athlete to win a World C'ship in any sport), dies of liver failure at 37
  • 1908-05-31 Louis-Honoré Fréchette, Canadian poet, dies at 68
  • 1908-06-14 Frederick Arthur Stanley, Governor general of Canada (b. 1841)
  • 1908-11-16 Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French Canadian politician (7th Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia), dies at 78
  • 1908-12-30 Thomas-Alfred Bernier, Canadian lawyer, journalist and senator (b. 1844)
  • 1909-11-14 Joshua Slocum, Canadian-American seaman and adventurer, departs from Vineyard Haven, Massachusetts, sailing south for the winter, and is lost at sea, at 65
  • 1911-04-14 Henri Elzéar Taschereau, French Canadian jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (b. 1836)
  • 1911-08-21 W R Wister, cricketer (USA v Canada 1859), dies
  • 1912-11-10 Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (lifting 500 pounds (227 kg) with one finger and backlifting 4,337 pounds (1,967 kg)), dies at 49
  • 1913-03-07 Emily Pauline Johnson [Tekahionwake], Native Canadian poet, dies of cancer at 51
  • 1913-10-01 Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and brewer (O'Keefe Brewery Company of Toronto Limited), dies at 85
  • 1913-10-20 Daniel David Palmer, Canadian founder of chiropractic (1897 Palmer School of Chiropractic), dies of typhoid fever at 68
  • 1915-01-15 Guillaume Couture, Canadian choir conductor, composer, and teacher, dies at 63
  • 1915-04-27 John Labatt, Canadian brewer & businessman (Labatt Brewing Company), dies at 76
  • 1915-07-22 Sir Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer and inventor (b. 1827)
  • 1915-09-11 William Cornelius Van Horne, American-Canadian railway executive (Canadian Pacific Railway), dies at 72
  • 1915-10-07 Samuel Prowse Warren, Canadian composer and organist, dies at 74