Nova Scotia in History

Nova Scotia: Halifax

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497-06-24 John Cabot claims Eastern Canada for England (believes he has found Asia in Nova Scotia)

Explorer John Cabot
Explorer
John Cabot

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1621-09-21 King James I of England gives Sir William Alexander a royal charter for colonisation of Nova Scotia

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1690-05-11 English troops of W Phips conquer Port Royal, Nova Scotia
  • 1710-10-13 English troops occupy Acadia (Nova Scotia)
  • 1710-10-16 British troops occupies Port Royal, Nova Scotia
  • 1713-06-23 The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada
  • 1749-06-21 Halifax, Nova Scotia, is founded
  • 1750-07-11 Halifax, Nova Scotia, is almost completely destroyed by fire.
  • 1758-07-25 Seven Years' War: the island battery at Fortress Louisbourg in Nova Scotia is silenced and all French warships are destroyed or taken
  • 1760-06-04 Great Upheaval: New England planters arrive to claim land in Nova Scotia, Canada taken from the Acadians
  • 1773-07-20 Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada)
  • 1776-03-17 British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War
  • 1782-07-01 American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia
  • 1840-07-04 The Cunard Line's 700 ton wooden paddle steamer RMS Britannia departs from Liverpool bound for Halifax, Nova Scotia on the first transatlantic crossing with a scheduled end

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867-07-01 The Dominion of Canada is formed, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec, with John A. Macdonald serving as the first Prime Minister

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • 1873-04-01 British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die
  • 1890-12-22 Cornwallis Valley Railway begins operation between Kingsport and Kentville, Nova Scotia.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907-10-17 Guglielmo Marconi's company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1918-11-10 Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia receives a top-secret coded message from Europe stating on November 11, 1918 all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air
  • 1950-09-04 D McI Hodgson of St Ann Bay, Nova Scotia catches a 997 lb tuna

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1955-07-13 Industrialist Cyrus Eaton first offers to host a conference on dangers of nuclear weapons in Pugwash, Nova Scotia

Steel Magnate Cyrus Eaton
Steel Magnate
Cyrus Eaton
  • 1957-07-08 First Pugwash Conference, the "Thinkers Lodge" held on nuclear disarmament at Pugwash, Nova Scotia, Canada, founded by Joseph Rotblat and hosted by Cyrus Eaton
  • 1958-10-23 The Springhill Mine Bump - underground earthquake traps 174 miners in No. 2 colliery at Springhill, Nova Scotia, deepest coal mine in North America. By 1st November rescuers had dug out 100 victims, with death toll at 74.
  • 1964-11-16 Radio CJCX Sydney Nova Scotia (Canada) starts shortwave transmission
  • 1977-02-11 20.2-kg lobster caught off Nova Scotia (heaviest known crustacean)
  • 1996-04-01 The Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia is created.
  • 1998-09-02 Swissair Flight 111 crashes near Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia. All 229 people on board are killed.
  • 2003-09-29 Hurricane Juan makes landfall in Nova Scotia.

Famous Birthdays

  • 1787-11-21 Samuel Cunard, Canadian-British shipping magnate and founder (1st regular Atlantic steamship line), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1865)
  • 1795-10-05 Alexander Keith, Scottish-Canadian politician (4th Mayor of Halifax) and brewer (founder of the Alexander Keith's Nova Scotia Brewery), born in Halkirk, Caithness, Highland, Scotland (d. 1873)

Person of interestAbraham Gesner

1797-05-02 Abraham Gesner, Canadian geologist (inventor of kerosene), born in Cornwallis, Nova Scotia (d. 1864)

Physician and Geologist Abraham Gesner
Physician and Geologist
Abraham Gesner
  • 1804-12-13 Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (3rd Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1873)
  • 1810-09-04 Donald McKay, Canadian-American naval architect (built fastest clipper ships), born in Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1880)
  • 1813-02-14 John McNeil, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1891)
  • 1820-10-13 John William Dawson, Canadian geologist, born in Pictou, Nova Scotia (d. 1899)

Person of interestCharles Tupper

1821-07-02 Charles Tupper, 6th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 69-day term), born in Amherst, Nova Scotia (d. 1915)

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper
  • 1824-09-28 Alfred Gilpin Jones, 8th Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (1900-06), born in Weymouth, NOva Scotia, Canada (d. 1906)

Person of interestJohn Thompson

1845-11-10 John Thompson, 4th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1892-94), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1894)

4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson
4th Prime Minister of Canada
John Thompson

Person of interestRobert Borden

1854-06-26 Robert Borden, 8th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1911-20), born in Grand-Pre, Nova Scotia (d. 1937)

8th Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden
8th Prime Minister of Canada
Robert Borden
  • 1863-07-01 William Grant Stairs, Canadian-British explorer and adventurer who had a leading role in two of the most controversial expeditions in the history of the colonisation of Africa, born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1892)
  • 1882-11-18 Wyndham Lewis, English author (Tarr, Apes of God) and co-founder of the Vorticist movement in art, born in Amherst, Nova Scotia (d. 1957)

Person of interestCyrus Eaton

1883-12-27 Cyrus Eaton, Canadian-American financier, industrialist and steel magnate, born in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia (d. 1979)

Steel Magnate Cyrus Eaton
Steel Magnate
Cyrus Eaton
  • 1885-09-17 George Cleveland, Canadian actor (Mystery Liner, Courage of Lassie), born in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1957)
  • 1886-08-02 John Alexander Douglas McCurdy, Canadian aviator, born in Baddeck, Nova Scotia (d. 1961)
  • 1892-08-16 Harold Foster, Canadian-American cartoonist (Prince Valian), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1982)
  • 1901-09-22 Charles Huggins, American-Canadian physician and cancer researcher (1966 Nobel Prize), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1997)
  • 1904-12-18 Wilf Carter, Canadian country and western singer, born in Port Hilford, Nova Scotia (d. 1996)
  • 1909-08-25 Ruby Keeler, Canadian actress, singer, and dancer (Dames, 42nd Street), born in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia (d. 1993)
  • 1909-09-12 Donald MacDonald, Canadian politician and former president of the Canadian Labour Congress (1967-74), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1986)
  • 1914-01-14 Harold Russell, Canadian actor (Best Years of Our Life, Dogtown), born in North Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 2002)
  • 1914-05-09 [Clarence] Hank Snow, Canadian country singer (I'm Moving On, I Went to Your Wedding), born in Brooklyn, Nova Scotia (d. 1999)
  • 1917-04-11 Danny Gallivan, Canadian radio and television sportscaster, born in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1993)
  • 1920-11-26 Daniel Petrie, Canadian television and movie director, born in Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 2004)
  • 1925-09-07 Allan Blakeney, Canadian politician (10th Premier of Saskatchewan), born in Bridgewater, Nova Scotia (d. 2011)
  • 1928-01-20 Peter Donat, Canadian-American actor (Flamingo Road, Different Story), born in Kentville, Canada (d. 2018)
  • 1943-10-30 Joanna Shimkus, Canadian actress (Marriage of a Young Stockbroker), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • 1944-08-24 Rocky Johnson, Canadian pro wrestler (father of Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson; with Tony Atlas first black champions in WWE history), born in Amherst, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 2020)
  • 1945-06-20 [Morna] Anne Murray, Canadian popsinger (Snow Bird; You Needed Me), born in Springhill, Nova Scotia Canada,
  • 1947-02-03 Stephen McHattie [Smith], Canadian actor (300, Watchmen, The Fountain), born in Antigonish, Nova Scotia
  • 1948-05-04 Billy O'Donnell, Canadian harness racer driver of year (1984), born in Springhill, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • 1948-07-21 Art Hindle, actor (Jeff-Dallas, Berrengers), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • 1949-03-04 Carroll Baker, Canadian country singer and songwriter, born in Bridgewater, Nova Scotia
  • 1952-06-25 Brian MacLeod, Canadian rock guitarist, keyboardist and vocalist (Chilliwack), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1992)
  • 1963-11-25 Holly Cole, Canadian jazz singer (Temptation), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • 1966-01-24 Mike Forgeron, Canadian rower (Olympics 1996), born in Main-a-dieu, Canada
  • 1970-05-12 Todd Hallett, Canadian rower (Olympics-7-92, 96), born in Shelburne, Nova Scotia
  • 1970-07-16 Phil Graham, Canadian rower (Olympics 1996), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • 1972-06-13 Natalie MacMaster, Canadian Cape Breton-style fiddler, born in Troy, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • 1972-10-22 Tyrone Williams, Canadian American football defensive tackle (Dallas Cowboys), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • 1974-01-29 Kris Burley, Canadian gymnast (Olympics 1996), born in Truro, Canada

Person of interestElliot Page

1987-02-21 Elliot Page [born Ellen Page], Canadian actor (Juno) and LGBT activist, born in Halifax, Nova Scotia

  • 1987-08-07 Sidney Crosby, Canadian hockey player, born in Nova Scotia, Canada
  • 1988-04-25 James Sheppard, Canadian ice hockey player, born in Lower Sackville, Nova Scotia, Canada

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1846-10-08 Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper (25) weds Frances Amelia Morse (20) in Amherst, Nova Scotia

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper

Famous Deaths

  • 1873-06-01 Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (3rd Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia), dies at 68
  • 1873-12-14 Alexander Keith, Scottish-Canadian politician (4th Mayor of Halifax) & brewer (founder of the Alexander Keith's Nova Scotia Brewery), dies at 78
  • 1906-03-15 Alfred Gilpin Jones, 8th Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (1900-06), dies at 81
  • 2003-12-16 Robert Stanfield, Premier of Nova Scotia (b. 1914)