Czech Republic in History

Czech Republic: Prague

Historical Events

  • 0938-03-04 Translation of the relics of martyr Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, the patron saint of the Czech state
  • 1539-02-19 Jews of Tyrnau Hungary (then Trnava Czech), expelled
  • 1741-12-27 Prussian forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915-11-14 Tomáš Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1918-08-30 Czechoslovakia forms independent republic
  • 1918-10-18 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • 1918-10-28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
  • 1918-10-28 Tomáš G. Massaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia
  • 1918-10-30 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • 1918-11-14 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its 1st president
  • 1920-02-29 Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution
  • 1920-03-28 Tomáš Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia
  • 1920-08-10 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • 1920-08-14 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
  • 1927-05-27 Tomáš Masaryk re-elected President of Czechoslovakia for a second time
  • 1934-06-10 FIFA World Cup Final, Stadio Nazionale PNF, Rome, Italy: Angelo Schiavio scores the winner in extra time as Italy beats Czechoslovakia, 2-1

  • 1935-03-06 Frank Bartell (Czech), cycles record 80.584 mph in LA
  • 1935-12-18 Edward Benes becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1938-04-23 Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938-09-12 Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938-09-21 Winston Churchill condemns Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

'I Have Heard The Voice of Adolf Hitler . . .''I Have Heard The Voice of Adolf Hitler . . .'

1938-09-26 Adolf Hitler issues ultimatum to Czech government, demanding Sudenten Land
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The 'mad dog of Europe' makes his demands with oratory so menacing 'that he chills one's blood.'
The 'mad dog of Europe' makes his demands with oratory so menacing 'that he chills one's blood.'

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1938-09-30 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1938-10-01 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement
  • 1938-10-10 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland
  • 1938-11-21 Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia and declare inhabitants to be German citizens
  • 1939-03-14 Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia

Declaration of WarHitler Invades Czechoslovakia

1939-03-15 Reneging on his pledge in the Munich Agreement, Adolf Hitler and Germany occupy and annex Czechoslovakia
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Adolf Hitler meets with Czech President Emil Hácha. After being told of the impending invasion by Germany, Hácha suffered a heart attack at the meeting.
Adolf Hitler meets with Czech President Emil Hácha. After being told of the impending invasion by Germany, Hácha suffered a heart attack at the meeting.
  • 1939-03-16 Germany occupies Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-10-28 Anti-German demonstrations/strikes in Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-11-15 Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia
  • 1941-11-11 Czech premier General Eliasj arrested by Nazis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941-12-15 Nazi's transfers 100 Czech citizens, Heinrich Himmler falls faint

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942-06-09 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi controller of Bohemia and Moravia, to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility”

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich

  • 1942-09-06 Czech marathon runner Oskar Hêks transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • 1944-10-06 Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • 1944-10-18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • 1945-05-09 Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • 1945-06-29 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR
  • 1946-05-26 Klement Gottwald becomes premier of Czechoslovakia
  • 1947-12-10 USSR & Czechoslovakia sign trade agreement
  • 1948-02-20 Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
  • 1948-02-24 Communist Party seizes complete control of Czechoslovakia
  • 1948-02-25 Communists seize Czechoslovakia and C Gottwald becomes premier
  • 1948-06-07 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; President Bernes resigns
  • 1948-06-14 Klemens Gottwald becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1949-07-15 Czech tennis stars Jaroslav Drobny & Vladimir Cernik defect to US
  • 1950-06-26 Pres Gottwald of Czechoslovakia confirms Milada Horakova's death sentence
  • 1951-02-26 Bread rationing in Czechoslovakia begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952-11-20 Slánský trials begin - a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1952-12-06 Czech government tells Israeli ambassador that he is persona non grata
  • 1953-03-22 Antonín Zápotocký chosen as President of Czechoslovakia
  • 1953-12-24 Two fast express trains crash head-on killing 103 in Czechoslovakia
  • 1955-05-14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1957-11-19 Antonin Novotny appointed president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1960-07-11 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • 1960-11-14 2 passenger trains collided at high-speed killing 110 (Czech)
  • 1962-06-17 FIFA World Cup Final, Estadio Nacional, Santiago, Chile: Brazil go 1-down early but recover to beat Czechoslovakia, 3-1
  • 1963-09-22 Czechoslovakian premier Viliam Široký deposed by Josef Lenart
  • 1964-06-11 West Germany seeks talks with Czechoslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968-01-05 Alexander Dubček succeeds Antonín Novotný as communist party leader of Czechoslovakia

Leader of Czechoslovakia Alexander Dubček
Leader of Czechoslovakia
Alexander Dubček

Soviet UnionWarsaw Pact Invasion of Czechoslovakia

1968-08-20 During the night 250,000 Soviet and Warsaw Pact troops invade Czechoslovakia in response to the Prague Spring
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Crowds of protesters surround Soviet tanks during the first days of the invasion of Czechoslovakia
Crowds of protesters surround Soviet tanks during the first days of the invasion of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-08-21 Warsaw Pact forces complete their invasion of Czechoslovakia by arresting the Czech leader Alexander Dubček and forcing him to sign the Moscow Protocols
  • 1968-10-16 Czechoslovakia & Russian "accord" rules allies Soviet forces
  • 1969-04-17 Alexander Dubček forced to resign as first secretary of Czechoslovakia's Communist Party
  • 1969-05-21 Slovan Bratislava of Czechoslovakia win 9th European Cup Winner's Cup against FC Barcelona of Spain 3-2 in Basel
  • 1969-08-23 France's Une De Mai wins International Trot at Roosevelt Raceway Czechoslovakia (1st American to win cycling race title since 1912)
  • 1970-01-28 Lubomír Strougal succeeds Cernik as premier of Czechoslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973-12-11 West German chancellor Willy Brandt normalizes trade with Czechoslovakia

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975-09-06 Czech tennis star Martina Navratilova asks for US political asylum in New York City during the US Open

Tennis Player Martina Navratilova
Tennis Player
Martina Navratilova
  • 1975-12-21 64th Davis Cup: Sweden beats Czechoslovakia in Stockholm (3-2)
  • 1976-06-20 UEFA European Championship Final, Red Star Stadium, Belgrade, Yugoslavia: Czechoslovakia upsets West Germany, 5-3 on penalties following 2-2 draw a.e.t
  • 1977-01-01 Czech intellects begin Human Rights Group Chapter 77
  • 1977-04-23 Czech chess master Vlastimil Hort plays 201 games simultaneously & only loses 10
  • 1978-03-02 Soyuz 28 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Czechoslovakian) to Salyut 6
  • 1980-12-07 69th Davis Cup: Czechoslovakia beats Italy in Prague (4-1)
  • 1983-07-24 21st Tennis Fed Cup: Czech beats Germany in Zurich Switzerland (2-1)
  • 1983-07-26 Jarmila Kratochvilova of Czech sets 800m woman's record (1:53.28)
  • 1984-07-22 22nd Tennis Fed Cup: Czech beats Australia in Sao Paulo Brazil (2-1)
  • 1985-01-13 23rd Tennis Fed Cup: Czech beats USA in Nagoya Japan (2-1)
  • 1986-07-27 24th Tennis Fed Cup: USA beats Czechoslovakia in Prague Czech (3-0)
  • 1987-12-17 Czechoslovak party leader Gustav Husak resigns
  • 1988-01-01 Czech born tennis star Hana Mandikova becomes an Australian Citizen
  • 1989-09-10 East Germans begin their flight to west (via Hungary and Czechoslovakia)
  • 1989-11-24 Communist Party resigns in Czechoslovakia
  • 1989-12-10 President Gustav Husak of Czechoslovakia, resigns
  • 1989-12-28 Alexander Dubček elected Chairman of the Federal Assembly (Parliament) of Czechslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989-12-29 Václav Havel is selected to be president of Czechoslovakia by the Federal Assembly shortly after the Velvet Revolution

Politician and Author Václav Havel
Politician and Author
Václav Havel
  • 1990-02-26 USSR agrees to withdraw all 73,500 troops from Czech by July, 1991
  • 1992-07-20 Václav Havel resigns as President of Czechoslovakia after Slovakia declares independence
  • 1993-01-01 Czechoslovakia separates into Czech Republic (Bohemia) & Slovakia
  • 1995-09-28 "Batman Forever" released in Czech Republic
  • 1996-01-17 The Czech Republic applies for membership of the European Union.
  • 1996-06-30 UEFA European Championship Final, Wembley Stadium, London, England: Oliver Bierhoff scores his second goal in extra time as Germany beat Czech Republic, 2-1

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 273

  • 1523-02-20 Jan Blahoslav, Czech humanist/bishop (Bohemian brothers)
  • 1525-12-01 Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (d. 1600)
  • 1592-03-28 John Amos Comenius, Czech-speaking Moravian teacher, educator and writer, born in Margraviate of Moravia, Crown of Bohemia (Nivnice, Czech Republic) (d. 1670)
  • 1674-08-09 František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect and builder, born in Prague (d. 1766)
  • 1677-02-03 Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)
  • 1684-02-16 Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský, Nymburk, Bohemia, Czech monk/composer
  • 1684-02-24 Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (d. 1738)
  • 1686-04-28 Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor, born in Klášterec nad Ohří, Czech Republic (d. 1721)
  • 1688-09-12 Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor and carver of the Baroque era, born in Chomutov, Czech Republic (d. 1731)
  • 1698-03-26 Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist, born in Helvíkovice, Bohemia (d. 1765)
  • 1699-11-13 Jan Zach, Czech composer, born in Čelákovice, Bohemia (d. 1773) baptism date
  • 1719-08-20 Christian Mayer, Czech Catholic priest and astronomer, born in Modřice, Moravia (d. 1783)
  • 1752-02-12 Josef Reicha, Czech composer
  • 1753-08-17 Josef Dobrovský, Czech linguist (d. 1828)
  • 1781-10-05 Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher, born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1848)
  • 1790-06-01 Salomon J Rappoport, Czech rabbi/learned (Ereg miliem)
  • 1798-05-14 Frantisek Palacky, Czech historian
  • 1799-03-07 Frantisek L. Celakovsky, Czech poet (national anthem, folk song)
  • 1800-12-17 Gergely Czuczor, Hungarian-Czech poet and translator (Great Hung dictionary), born in Andód (d. 1866)
  • 1808-02-04 Josef Kajetán Tyl, Czech playwright, author of the Czech national anthem(d. 1856)
  • 1811-11-07 Karel Jaromír Erben, Czech poet (Bouquet), born in Miletín, Austria (d. 1870)
  • 1823-11-04 Karel Komzák I, Bohemian composer and musician, born in Netěchovice, Czech Republic (d. 1893)
  • 1832-08-03 Ivan Zajc, Czech composer and conductor, born in Rijeka, Croatia (d. 1914)
  • 1841-09-08 Antonín Dvořák, Czech composer (New World Symphony), born in Nelahozeves, Czech Republic (d. 1904)
  • 1843-06-16 Jan Malat, Czech composer (d. 1915)
  • 1848-08-01 František Kmoch, Czech composer and conductor, born in Zásmuky, Austrian Empire (d. 1912)

Person of interestTomáš Garrigue Masaryk

1850-03-07 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), born in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (d. 1937)

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1854-07-03 Leoš Janáček, Czech composer, born in Hukvaldy, Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1928)
  • 1860-02-21 Karel Matěj Čapek-Chod, Czech journalist (d. 1927)
  • 1860-07-24 Alphonse Mucha, Czech Nouveau painter and artist, born in Ivančice, Margraviate of Moravia, Austrian Empire (now Czech Republic) (d. 1939)
  • 1861-11-16 Václav Suk, Czech-born Russian composer and violinist, born in Kladno, Bohemia (1933)
  • 1862-02-13 Karel Weis, Czech composer and folk song collector, born in Prague (d. 1944)
  • 1865-09-20 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist and anthropologist, born in Klatovy, Czech Republic (d. 1944)
  • 1867-12-22 František Xaver Šalda, Czechoslovakian literary critic, born in Liberec, Czech Republic (d. 1937)
  • 1869-02-07 Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Jan Cimbura)
  • 1870-07-21 Emil Orlik, Czech painter (d. 1932)
  • 1870-12-05 Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer, born in Kamenice nad Lipou, Czech Republic (d. 1949)
  • 1871-09-23 Frantisek Kupka, Czech writer
  • 1873-12-26 Karel Moor, Czech composer and conductor, born in Belgrade (d. 1945)
  • 1874-01-04 Josef Suk, Czech violinist/composer (Asrael)
  • 1879-05-06 Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (development of Hittitology), born in Lysá nad Labem, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1952)
  • 1879-12-07 Rudolf Friml, Czech-American composer (Bohemian suite), born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1972)
  • 1879-12-15 Rudolf von Laban, Czech-German choreographer (modern dance), born in Bratislava, Austria-Hungary (d. 1958)
  • 1883-03-27 Jan Kunc, Czech composer (Czech State Anthem), born in Doubravice nad Svitavou (d. 1976)
  • 1883-04-24 Jaroslav Hašek, Czech writer (Brave soldier Schweik), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary [or April 30]

Person of interestFranz Kafka

1883-07-03 Franz Kafka, Czech author (Metamorphosis, Trial, Amerika), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1924)

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • 1884-05-27 Max Brod, Czech-born Israeli composer, writer and biographer of Kafka, born in Prague (d. 1968)
  • 1884-05-28 Edvard Beneš, 2nd & 4th President of Czechoslovakia (1935-38, 45-48), born in Kožlany, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • 1884-06-05 Ralph Benatzky, Czech composer, born in Moravské Budějovice, Czech Republic (d. 1957)
  • 1884-12-19 Antonin Zapotocky, Czechoslovak president (Ceskoslovensky Spisouatel)
  • 1885-04-29 Egon Kisch, Austrian-Czech writer and journalist (Rasende Reporter), born in Prague (d. 1948)
  • 1886-04-17 Otto Lederer, Austrian actor (The Jazz Singer), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1965)
  • 1886-09-14 Jan Masaryk, Czech statesman and Minister to London (1918-35), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • 1887-06-03 Emil Axman, Czech composer, born in Rataje (d. 1949)
  • 1887-12-17 Josef Lada, Czech painter (d. 1957)
  • 1888-12-29 Joseph Beran, Czech Roman Catholic prelate, born in Pilsen, Czech Republic (d. 1969)
  • 1889-06-08 Josef Hromádka, Czech theologist (Lenin prize 1957), born in Hodslavice, Moravia (d. 1969)
  • 1890-01-09 Karel Čapek, Czech writer, playwright and critic (R.U.R.); coined the word "robot", born in Malé Svatoňovice, Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1890-01-16 Karl Freund, Czech/Austrian cameraman/director
  • 1890-09-16 Ernst Deutsch [Dorian], Jewish-Austrian actor (Moon is Down, 3rd Man), born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1969)
  • 1890-11-05 Jan Zrzavý, Czech painter, born in Okrouhlice near Německý Brod, Bohemia (d. 1977)
  • 1890-12-08 Bohuslav Martinů, Czech, composer (Hry o Marti), born in Polička, Bohemia (d. 1959)
  • 1891-07-08 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Working Day)
  • 1891-11-04 Miroslav Krejčí, Czech composer, born in Rychnov nad Kněžnou, Austria-Hungary (d. 1964)
  • 1892-02-14 Radola Gajda, Czech military commander & politician, born in Kotor, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • 1893-06-21 Alois Hába, Czech composer, born in Vizovice, Zlín Region, Czech Republic (d. 1973)
  • 1894-01-11 Jaroslav Vogel, Czech composer and conductor (d. 1970)
  • 1894-06-08 Erwin Schulhoff, Czech-Russian composer and pianist (Ogelala) who died in a German concentration camp, born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1942)
  • 1894-06-10 Pavel Bořkovec, Czech composer (Stmivani, [Twilight]), born in Prague (d. 1972)
  • 1895-11-25 Ludvík Svoboda, Czech general and politician (8th President of Czechoslovakia, 1968-75), born in Hroznatín, Moravia, Austria Hungary (d. 1979)
  • 1896-01-08 Jaromir Weinberger, composer (Bird's Opera), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1896-11-23 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia (1946-53)
  • 1898-03-07 Jan Bata, Czech shoe manufacturer
  • 1898-05-21 Karel Haba, Czech composer and violinist, born in Vizovice, Moravia (d. 1972)
  • 1899-01-22 Guido Kisch, Czech/German/American historian (Jews in medieval Germany)
  • 1899-06-21 Pavel Haas, Czech Jewish composer killed during the Holocaust, born in Brno, Czech Republic (d. 1944)
  • 1899-08-19 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), widely used as a disinfectant to sterilize wounds and burns, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1901-09-23 Jaroslav Seifert, Czech poet (Nobel 1984)
  • 1902-02-19 Hugo Haas, Czechoslovakian actor and director (Bait, Pick Up, 2 Smart People), born in Brno, Czechoslovakia (d. 1968)
  • 1902-03-28 Jaromír Vejvoda, Czech composer (Beer Barrel Polka), born in Zbraslav, Czech Republic (d. 1988)
  • 1902-05-15 Anny Ondra, Czech actress (Blackmail, Manxman), born in Tarnów, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1987)
  • 1904-01-23 Theodor Schaefer, Czech composer & pedagogue, born in Telč, Czech Republic (d. 1969)
  • 1904-07-10 Iša Krejčí, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1968)
  • 1904-10-14 Karel Srom, Czech composer, born in Plzeň (d. 1981)
  • 1904-11-10 Steven Geray, American actor (French Line), born in Ungvár, Austria-Hungary (d. 1973)
  • 1905-06-19 George Voskovec [Jirí Wachsmann], Czech actor (12 Angry Men, Somewhere in Time), born in Sázava, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1981)
  • 1905-09-16 Vladimír Holan, Czech poet, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1980)
  • 1905-10-22 Karl Jansky, Czech, discoverer (cosmic radio emissions in 1932)
  • 1906-11-06 Francis Lederer, Czech actor (Diary of a Chambermaid), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2000)
  • 1907-09-23 Jarmila Novotna, soprano (Met Opera)/President of Czechoslovakia (1957-68)
  • 1907-11-21 Charles Korvin [Geza Korvin Karpathi], Austrian actor (Berlin Express, Ship of Fools), born in Piestany, Austria-Hungary (d. 1998)
  • 1908-04-05 George Schick, Czech conductor (Chicago Symphony), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1985)
  • 1908-04-11 Karel Ančerl, Czechoslovak conductor (Prague/Toronto), born in Tučapy, Czech Republic (d. 1973)
  • 1908-12-25 Jan Seidel, Czech composer, born in Nymburk, Bohemia (d. 1998)
  • 1910-01-26 Elmar Klos, Czech director (Adrift)
  • 1910-07-20 Vilém Tauský, Czech conductor and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1911-02-26 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia MP chairman
  • 1911-11-28 Václav Renč, Czech poet, dramatist and translator, born in Vodochody, Czech Republic (d. 1973)
  • 1911-12-14 Ota Adler, Czech-British fur trader and founder (Federal Trust), born in Kraslice, Czechoslovakia (d. 1995)
  • 1912-02-11 Rudolf Firkusny, Napajedla Czechoslovakia, pianist (Julliard)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1928-03-06 Industrialist Oskar Schindler (19) weds Emilie Schindler (20) in Svitavy, Czech Republic

Industrialist Oskar Schindler
Industrialist
Oskar Schindler

LoveWedding of Interest

1997-01-04 Czech Republic's first president Vaclav Havel (60) weds Czech actress Dagmar Havlova (43) in Prague, Czech Republic

Politician and Author Václav Havel
Politician and Author
Václav Havel

Famous Deaths

  • 1393-03-20 Johannes Nepomucenus, [Jan Nepomucky], Czech saint, killed
  • 1416-05-30 Jerome of Prague, Czech radical Christian teacher burned at the stake for heresy by church Council of Constance
  • 1424-10-11 Jan Zizka, Czech (army)leader (Hussieten), dies of plague at 46
  • 1471-02-21 John of Rokycan, Czech Catholic archbishop
  • 1528-11-11 Lucas van Prague, Czech leader of Bohemian Brothers, dies at about 68
  • 1571-11-24 Jan Blahoslav, Czech bishop, dies at 48
  • 1600-09-01 Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician (b. 1525)
  • 1670-11-15 John Amos Comenius, Czech-speaking Moravian teacher, educator and writer, dies at 78
  • 1721-09-08 Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor, dies at 35
  • 1730-08-31 Gottfried Finger, Czech composer (b. 1660?)
  • 1731-03-08 Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor and carver of the Baroque era, dies at 42
  • 1738-02-15 Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (b. 1684)
  • 1742-07-01 Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský, Czech monk and composer, dies at 58
  • 1751-12-17 Kilian I von Dientzenhofer, Czech master builder, dies at 62
  • 1765-12-25 Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist, dies at 67
  • 1766-07-14 František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect and builder, dies at 91
  • 1783-04-16 Christian Mayer, Czech Catholic priest and astronomer, dies at 63
  • 1836-11-05 Karel Hynek Mácha, Czech poet (b. 1810)
  • 1852-08-05 Frantisek L Celakovsky, Czech slavist/poet, dies at 53
  • 1866-09-09 Gergely Czuczor, Hungarian-Czech poet and translator (Great Hung dictionary), dies at 65
  • 1867-10-16 Salomon J Rappoport, Czech rabbi (Ereg miliem), dies
  • 1869-07-28 Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Czech anatomist (b. 1787)
  • 1870-11-21 Karel Jaromír Erben, Czech poet (Ruiker), dies at 69
  • 1876-05-26 Frantisek Palacky, Czech historian/MP, dies at 77
  • 1881-06-13 Joseph Škoda, Bohemian physician, dies at 75
  • 1884-05-12 Bedrich Friedrich Smetana, Czech composer (2 Widows), dies at 60
  • 1891-08-22 Jan Neruda, Czech author (b. 1834)
  • 1904-05-01 Antonín Dvořák, Czech composer (Slavic Dancing, New World Symphony), dies at 62
  • 1912-04-30 František Kmoch, Czech composer and conductor, dies at 63
  • 1914-12-16 Ivan Zajc, Croatian composer and conductor, dies at 82
  • 1915-12-02 Jan Malat, Czech composer, dies at 72
  • 1917-08-30 Uritsky, leader of Petrogradse Czech, dies
  • 1923-01-03 Jaroslav Hašek, Czech writer (Good Soldier Schweyk), dies at 39

Person of interestFranz Kafka

1924-06-03 Franz Kafka, Czech writer (Trial, Amerika, Metamorphosis), dies at 40

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • 1925-10-24 Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Lusy), dies at 56
  • 1927-11-03 Karel Matěj Čapek-Chod, Czech journalist (b. 1860)
  • 1928-08-12 Leoš Janáček, Czech composer, dies at 74
  • 1930-03-12 Alois Jirásek, Czech writer (b. 1851)
  • 1933-01-12 Václav Suk, Czech-born Russian composer and violinist, dies at 71
  • 1935-05-29 Josef Suk, Czech violinist/composer, dies at 61
  • 1937-04-04 Frantisek X Salda, Czech writer/critic, dies at 69

Person of interestTomáš Garrigue Masaryk

1937-09-14 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), dies at 87

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1938-12-25 Karel Čapek, Czech author, playwright and critic (R.U.R.), coined term "robot", dies of pneumonia at 48
  • 1939-05-22 Jiri Mahen, Czech author (b. 1882)
  • 1939-07-14 Alphonse Mucha, Czech Nouveau painter and artist, dies at 78
  • 1939-11-11 Jan Opletal, Czech student, victim of Nazi violence in Prague
  • 1942-06-18 Adolf Opalka, Czech resistance fighter, shot down
  • 1942-06-18 John Kubris, Czech resistance fighter, killed Heydrich, dies at 28
  • 1942-08-18 Erwin Schulhoff, Czech-Russian composer and pianist (Ogelala), dies of tuberculosis at 48 in a German concentration camp in Wülzburg, Bavaria
  • 1942-12-11 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), a disinfectant, dies of a heart attack at 43
  • 1943-03-09 Oskar Hêks, Czech marathon runner/antifascist, dies in Auschwitz
  • 1943-04-05 Aleš Hrdlička, Austro-Hungarian anthropologist and curator (US National Museum), dies at 74
  • 1944-04-04 Karel Weis, Czech composer and folk song collector, dies at 82
  • 1944-06-14 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist and anthropologist, dies at 78
  • 1944-10-17 Pavel Haas, Czech Jewish composer, murdered at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp at 45 (b. 1899)
  • 1945-03-30 Karel Moor, Czech composer and conductor, dies at 71
  • 1945-06-21 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Sinking Shadows), dies at 53
  • 1945-08-26 Franz Werfel, Austrian-Bohemian novelist, playwright, and poet (Mirror Man, The Forty Days of Musa Dagh), dies at 54
  • 1947-06-28 Stanislav K Neumann, Czech poet (Anti-Guide), dies at 72
  • 1948-03-10 Jan Masaryk, Czech statesman and Minister to London (1918-35), commits suicide or is murdered at 61
  • 1948-03-31 Egon Kisch, Austrian-Czech writer and journalist (Raging Reporter), dies at 62
  • 1948-04-15 Radola Gajda, Czech military commander & politician, dies at 56
  • 1948-09-03 Eduard Benesj, president Czechoslovakia (1921-22, 35-48), dies
  • 1949-01-25 Emil Axman, Czech composer, dies at 61
  • 1949-07-18 Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer, dies at 78
  • 1950-02-14 Karl G Jansky, Czech discoverer of cosmic radio sources, dies at 44
  • 1950-06-27 Milada Horakova, Czech advocate/anti fascist, hanged
  • 1952-12-12 Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (development of Hittitology), dies at 73
  • 1953-03-14 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
  • 1957-06-21 Frantisek Kupka, Czech writer, dies at 85
  • 1958-07-01 Rudolf von Laban, Czech-German choreographer (modern dance), dies at 78
  • 1959-08-28 Bohuslav Martinů, Czech composer (Hry o Marti), dies at 68
  • 1965-08-23 John Bata, Czech shoe manufacturer, dies at 67
  • 1967-08-08 Jaromir Weinberger, Czech/American composer (Czech Rhapsody), dies at 71
  • 1968-03-06 Isa Krejci, Czech composer, dies at 63
  • 1968-08-21 Vladimir Boudnik, Czech sculptor, commits suicide at about 45
  • 1968-12-20 Max Brod, Czech-born Israeli composer, writer and biographer of Kafka, dies at 84
  • 1969-01-16 Jan Palach, protesting Soviet invasion of Czech, self immolates at 20
  • 1969-02-25 Jan Zajic, Czech student, who died setting himself alight to protest the Communist takeover at 18
  • 1969-03-19 Theodor Schaefer, Czech composer, dies at 65
  • 1969-03-22 Ernst Deutsch [Dorian], Jewish-Austrian actor (3rd Man, Golem), dies at 78
  • 1969-05-17 Joseph Beran, Czech archbishop of Prague/cardinal, dies at 80
  • 1970-02-02 Jaroslav Vogel, Czech composer and conductor, dies at 76
  • 1970-11-28 Jan Drda, Czech writer (Nema Barikada, Mestecko Na Dlani), dies at 55
  • 1972-11-12 Rudolf Friml, Czech-American composer (Bohemian suite), dies at 92
  • 1972-11-21 Karel Haba, Czech composer and violinist, dies at 74
  • 1973-04-30 Václav Renč, Czech poet, dramatist and translator, dies at 61
  • 1973-07-03 Charles Ancerl, Czech conductor (Prague/Toronto), dies at 63
  • 1974-01-14 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia parliament chairman, dies at 62
  • 1976-09-11 Jan Kunc, Czech composer (Czech State Anthem), dies at 93
  • 1977-03-13 Jan Patocka, Czech philosopher, dies in prison
  • 1977-12-26 Ivan Rezak, Czech composer, dies at 53
  • 1978-08-20 Ivan Jirko, Czech composer, music critic and psychiatrist, dies at 51
  • 1979-09-20 Ludvík Svoboda, Czech general and politician (8th President of Czechoslovakia, 1968-75), dies at 83

MurderJoy Adamson

1980-01-03 Joy Adamson [Friederike Viktoria Gessner], Austrian naturalist and author (Born Free), murdered at 69 by her servant

Naturalist and Author Joy Adamson
Naturalist and Author
Joy Adamson
  • 1980-03-25 Walter Susskind, Czech conductor and pianist, dies at 66
  • 1980-03-31 Vladimír Holan, Czech poet, dies at 74
  • 1981-10-21 Karel Srom, Czech composer, dies at 77
  • 1983-10-12 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia journalist/dissident, dies at 61
  • 1984-11-11 Jan Novák, Czech classical composer, dies at 63