Egyptian History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 306

  • 1479-04-24 BC Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt, although power effectively shifts to Hatshepsut (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty)

Battle of InterestBattle of Megiddo

1457-04-16 BC Battle of Megiddo: Egyptian forces of Thutmose III defeat a large Canaanite coalition under King of Kadesh. First battle recorded with a reliable account.
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Egyptian forces under the command of Pharaoh Thutmose III battle a large rebellious coalition of Canaanite vassal states led by the King of Kadesh
Egyptian forces under the command of Pharaoh Thutmose III battle a large rebellious coalition of Canaanite vassal states led by the King of Kadesh
  • 1425-03-11 BC Thutmose III, Pharaoh of Egypt, dies (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1279-05-31 BC Ramesses II, also known as Ramesses the Great becomes Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt (19th Dynasty)

Pharoah of Ancient Egypt Ramesses II
Pharoah of Ancient Egypt
Ramesses II
  • 0217-06-22 BC Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom
  • 0196-03-27 BC Ptolemy V ascends to the throne of Egypt.

MurderAssassination

0048-09-28 BC Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt.

Roman Military and Political Leader Pompey the Great
Roman Military and Political Leader
Pompey the Great

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

0048-08-09 BC Caesar's civil war: Battle of Pharsalus - Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt.

Roman Military Commander and Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Statesman
Julius Caesar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

0044-09-02 BC Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.

Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt Cleopatra
Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt
Cleopatra

Event of interestEvent of Interest

0030-08-01 BC Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

0030-07-31 BC Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves minor victory over Octavian, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to Octavian's invasion of Egypt

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
  • 0435-08-03 Deposed Patriarch of Constantinople Nestorius, considered the originator of Nestorianism, exiled by Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II to a monastery in Egypt
  • 1006-05-01 Supernova observed by Chinese and Egyptians in constellation Lupus
  • 1099-08-12 Battle at Ascalon: Godfried of Broth leading the Crusaders beats Egyptians Fatimid army
  • 1167-03-18 Battle of El-Babein, Egypt: Franks under Amalrik vs Syrians

BattleBattle of Interest

1187-07-03 Battle of Horns of Hattin: Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, destroys Jerusalem's crusader army

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
Saladin

  • 1218-05-24 The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt
  • 1219-02-18 Jerusalem re-taken by the Christian Crusader kingdom in a peace treaty between Holy Roman Emperor Frederik II and Egyptian ruler Al-Kamil
  • 1250-04-13 The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France captured

Victory in BattleBattle of Fariskur

1250-07-03 Louis IX of France is captured by Baibars' Mamluk army at the Battle of Fariskur while he is in Egypt conducting the Seventh Crusade; he later has to ransom himself
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Louis IX being taken prisoner by Baibars' Mamluk army
Louis IX being taken prisoner by Baibars' Mamluk army
  • 1260-10-24 Qutuz, Mamluk Sultans of Egypt (1259-60), is assassinated by Baibars, a fellow Mamluk leader, who seizes power for himself
  • 1291-07-31 Egyptian Mamelukken occupies Akko, crusaders driven out of Palestine
  • 1724-12-09 Colley Cibber's play "Caesar in Egypt" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1798-07-01 Napoleon's fleet reaches Alexandria, Egypt

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1798-07-21 Napoleon Bonaparte wins Battle of Pyramids in Egypt (Battle of Embabeh) against Mamluk rulers, wiping out most of the Egyptian army
  • 1798-07-23 Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1798-08-01 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson attacks and decimates the French fleet at Aboukir Bay off the Nile Delta, Egypt

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • 1799-07-15 The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign
  • 1799-07-25 French-Egyptian forces under Napoleon I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir
  • 1799-08-23 Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.
  • 1801-03-08 British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt
  • 1811-03-01 Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
  • 1824-06-21 Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea
  • 1826-06-21 Maniots defeat Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas
  • 1827-10-20 Battle at Navarino: Engl/Russ/French fleet beat Turk/Egyptian fleet
  • 1854-11-15 In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is given the necessary royal concession.

Historic Publication4th Century Bible Discovered

1859-02-04 One of the oldest known copies of the Bible, "The Codex Sinaiticus" (Sinai Bible), is seen in Egypt by Constantin von Tischendorf who takes the manuscript home with him
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A page from the Codex Sinaiticus, displaying the Lord's Prayer. The first few letters are part of Matthew 6:4; the first new paragraph denotes Matthew 6:5. The last full sentence is Matthew 6:24; the last incomplete sentence on this page is Matthew 6:25.
A page from the Codex Sinaiticus, displaying the Lord's Prayer. The first few letters are part of Matthew 6:4; the first new paragraph denotes Matthew 6:5. The last full sentence is Matthew 6:24; the last incomplete sentence on this page is Matthew 6:25.
  • 1864-12-28 Battle of Egypt Station, Mississippi
  • 1869-11-17 Suez Canal in Egypt opens, linking Mediterranean and Red seas
  • 1875-11-16 Battle of Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • 1876-03-07 Battle at Gura: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • 1879-02-18 Arabs capture Egyptian premier Nabar Pasha
  • 1879-04-08 Khedive Ismael of Egypt fires French and British ministers
  • 1879-06-26 Ismael Pasha resigns as khedive of Egypt
  • 1881-02-22 "Cleopatra's Needle", a 3,500-year-old Ancient Egyptian obelisk is erected in Central Park, New York
  • 1881-09-09 Egyptian military coup under colonel Arab "El Wahid"
  • 1882-06-10 Anti-colonization mass society of Alexandria Egypt kills 50 Europeans
  • 1882-09-13 Battle at Count el-Kebir: British troops invade Egypt
  • 1883-07-24 Arabi Pasha declares a holy war in Egypt
  • 1883-11-05 Battle at El Obeid Sudan: Mahdi's army destroys Egyptian army
  • 1888-06-29 First (known) recording of classical music made, Handel's Israel in Egypt on wax cylinder
  • 1898-04-08 Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese
  • 1899-01-19 Anglo-Egyptian Sudan forms
  • 1904-04-08 Great Britain and France establish their Entente Cordiale, a technical treaty settling long-standing disagreements over Morocco, Egypt, Africa, and the Pacific
  • 1906-05-03 British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey
  • 1907-12-07 The First Egyptian Nationalist Congress meets under the leadership of Mustafa Kamil Pasha
  • 1912-12-07 Bust of Queen Nefertiti found in El-Amarna, Egypt
  • 1913-07-21 The Egyptian government announces a new constitutional system and electoral law
  • 1914-02-01 Chicago White Sox and New York Giants play a 10-inning, 3-3 tie in Cairo, Egypt in an exhibition MLB game; part of special 56-game world tour
  • 1914-12-17 Great Britain declares Egypt a protectorate
  • 1914-12-23 World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1916-12-23 World War I: Battle of Magdhaba - Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt's Sinai peninsula.
  • 1917-01-09 World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  • 1922-02-21 Britain declares Egypt a sovereign state
  • 1922-03-15 Sultan Faud crowned King of Egypt, England recognizes Egypt
  • 1922-03-16 Egypt achieves independence from Britain, but British troops remain
  • 1922-05-20 "Egypt" sinks off Ushant after colliding with "Seine" killing 90

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1922-11-04 Howard Carter discovers tomb of Tutankhamun in Egypt

Pharoah of Egypt Tutankhamun
Pharoah of Egypt
Tutankhamun
Archaeologist who Discovered Tutankhamun Howard Carter
Archaeologist who Discovered Tutankhamun
Howard Carter

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922-11-26 English archaeologist Howard Carter opens Tutankhamun's virtually intact tomb in Egypt

Archaeologist who Discovered Tutankhamun Howard Carter
Archaeologist who Discovered Tutankhamun
Howard Carter
Pharoah of Egypt Tutankhamun
Pharoah of Egypt
Tutankhamun
  • 1923-04-19 New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
  • 1924-01-13 Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections
  • 1924-01-27 Egyptian king Foead nominates Saad Zaghloel Pasja premier
  • 1924-11-22 Britain orders Egyptians out of Sudan
  • 1925-05-21 George Lloyd, Baron Lloyd of Dolobran, becomes British High Commissioner in Egypt
  • 1925-12-06 Italy, Britain & Egypt sign Jaghbub accord (Italy)
  • 1926-06-06 Egyptian government of Adly Pasha forms
  • 1928-07-19 King Fuad of Egypt siezes power and disbands parliament
  • 1931-04-22 Egypt & Iraq sign peace treaty
  • 1935-11-13 Anti-British riots in Egypt
  • 1936-05-10 Nahas Pasja becomes premier of Egypt
  • 1940-09-12 Italian troops enter Egypt
  • 1940-09-13 Italian troops under Marshal Graziani attack Egypt
  • 1940-12-17 British troops occupy Sollum, Egypt
  • 1941-04-23 Greek Army surrenders to Germany; British RAF evacuates the Greek King George II to Egypt
  • 1941-05-15 British attack Halfaya-pass & Fort Capuzzo in Egypt and Libya
  • 1941-05-18 An Egyptian steamer sinks
  • 1942-06-24 Africa Korps invades Egypt
  • 1942-10-23 During WWII, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt
  • 1945-02-24 Egypt & Syria declare war on nazi-Germany
  • 1945-02-24 Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree
  • 1945-03-22 Arab League forms with adoption of a charter in Cairo Egypt
  • 1946-02-21 Anti-British demonstrations in Egypt
  • 1948-05-10 1st attack by Egyptian irregular forces at Kfar Darom Israel
  • 1948-05-15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel
  • 1948-05-16 Egyptians enter Gaza
  • 1948-10-14 Large scale fighting between Israel & Egypt
  • 1948-10-18 Operation 10 Plagues - Israeli offensive against Egyptian army
  • 1948-10-22 Egyptian flagship King Farouk sunk by Israel
  • 1948-12-28 IDF crosses Egyptian border
  • 1949-02-24 Israel & Egypt sign an armistice agreement

Famous Birthdays

  • 0047-06-23 BC Pharaoh Ptolemy XV of Egypt (d. 30 BC)
  • 0317-08-07 Constantius II, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (337-61), born in Sirmium, Pannonia Inferior (d. 361)
  • 1553-11-23 Prospero Alpini, Italian botanist/physician (De Medocoma Aegyptorum)
  • 1790-12-23 Jean-Francois Champollion, deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics
  • 1821-06-08 Samuel White Baker, English explorer (Ceylon & Egypt), born in London, England (d. 1893)
  • 1830-12-31 Isma'il Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (1863-79), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1895)
  • 1841-02-26 Evelyn Baring earl Cromer, English consul-general (Egypt)
  • 1852-12-15 Muḥammad Tawfīq Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (1879-92), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1892)
  • 1853-11-21 Hussein Kamel, Sultan of Egypt (1914-17), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1917)
  • 1868-03-26 Fuʾād I [Aḥmad Fuʾād Pasha], King of Egypt (1922-36), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1936)
  • 1874-07-14 'Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914)
  • 1874-08-14 Mustafa Kamil Pasha, Egyptian lawyer, journalist and nationalist activist, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1908)
  • 1886-10-01 Ahmad Amin, Egyptian historian and author (My Life), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1954)
  • 1886-11-15 René Guénon, French-Egyptian author (d. 1951)
  • 1899-06-04 Hassan Fathy, Egyptian architect, born in Alexandria (d. 1989)
  • 1901-02-20 Ali Muhammad Naguib, Khartoum, president of Egypt (1952-54)
  • 1904-05-04 Umm Kulthum [Ibrahim], Egyptian singer and actress, born in Tummāy al-Zahāyrah, Egypt (d. 1975)
  • 1906-10-14 Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, born in Mahmoudiyah, Beheira, Egypt (d. 1949)
  • 1908-09-19 Mika Waltari, Finnish novelist (Egyptian), born in Helsinki, Finland (d. 1979)
  • 1910-11-02 Fouad Serageddin, Egyptian politician and leader of Egypt's Wafd Party (d. 1999)
  • 1911-12-11 Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian novelist (Palace Walk, Sugar Street) and first Arabic writer to win a Nobel Prize (1988), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2006)
  • 1912-09-15 Ismail Yasseen, Egyptian comedian and actor (Isamil Yassine as Tarzan, Ibn Hamidu), born in Suez, Egypt (d. 1972)
  • 1917-02-17 Abdur Rahman Badawi, Egyptian philosopher (d. 2002)
  • 1917-03-03 Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear scientist (d. 1952)
  • 1917-06-09 Eric J. Hobsbawm, Alexandria, Sultanate of Egypt, Marxist historian (The Age of Revolution; Capital; and Empire), (d. 2012)
  • 1918-01-15 Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt (1954-1971), born in Bakos, Egypt (d. 1970)
  • 1918-07-02 Sheikh Imam, Egyptian singer and composer, born in Giza (d. 1995)

Person of interestAnwar Sadat

1918-12-25 Anwar Sadat, 3rd President of Egypt (1970-81, Nobel 1978), born in Monufia, Egypt (d. 1981)

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1920-02-11 Farouk I, Cairo, last King of Egypt (1936-52)
  • 1920-11-18 Mustafa Khalil, 40th Prime Minister of Egypt (1978-80), born in Al Qalyubiyah Governorate, Egypt (d. 2008)
  • 1921-11-05 Fawzia Fuad, Egyptian princess who became Queen of Iran as the first wife of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, born in Ras el-Tin Palace, Alexandria, Sultanate of Egypt (d. 2013)
  • 1922-11-14 Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian politician and 6th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1992- 96), born in Cairo (d. 2016)
  • 1924-03-03 Ali Faik Zaghloul, Egyptian radio presenter (d. 1995)
  • 1926-09-09 Yusuf al-Qaradawi, prominent Egypt Muslim cleric

Person of interestHosni Mubarak

1928-05-04 Hosni Mubarak, Egyptian president (1981-2011) who was ousted during the Arab spring, born in Kafr-El Meselha, Egypt (d. 2020)

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak
  • 1930-06-05 Alifa Rifaat, Egyptian writer (d. 1996)
  • 1930-09-11 Saleh Selim, Egyptian football player and 10th president of the Egyptian Al-Ahly Sporting Club, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2002)
  • 1930-12-25 Salah Jaheen, Egyptian poet and cartoonist, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1986)
  • 1931-10-27 Nawal el-Saadawi, Egyptian feminist writer and activist, born in Kafr Tahla, Egypt
  • 1932-04-10 Omar Sharif [Michel Dimitri Shalhoub], Egyptian actor (Doctor Zhivago, Lawrence of Arabia), born in Alexandria (d. 2015)
  • 1933-01-17 Dalida, Egyptian actress and singer, Miss Egypt (The 6th Day)
  • 1933-01-17 Yolande Christina Dalida, Cairo Egypt

Person of interestYasser Arafat

1933-08-24 Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority (1994-2004) and 1994 Nobel peace prize winner, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2004)

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • 1933-08-29 Jehan Sadat, Widow of Anwar Sadat and 1st Lady of Egypt, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1935-11-19 Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian imam (d. 1990)
  • 1936-07-02 Omar Suleiman, Qena, Egypt, army general and intelligence officer, (d. 2012)
  • 1942-01-26 Souad Hosni, Egyptian actress (d. 2001)
  • 1942-06-17 Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize 2005, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1944-10-15 Haim Saban, Israeli-American media proprietor (Saban Entertainment), born in Alexandria, Kingdom of Egypt
  • 1946-02-26 Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American chemist & Nobel laureate (1999), born in Damanhur, Egypt (d. 2016)
  • 1946-06-05 Gillian Hills, English actress (Blow-up, Clockwork Orange), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1946-06-15 Demis Roussos, Greek singer and performer (Aphrodite's Child), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 2015)
  • 1947-05-17 John Traicos, cricketer (in Egypt South Africa 1970, Zimbabwe 1992-93)
  • 1951-05-16 Jonathan Richman, American musician (Modern Lovers), born in Natick, Massachusetts
  • 1951-06-19 Ayman al-Zawahiri, Egyptian leader of al-Qaeda, born in Maadi, Cairo
  • 1952-01-16 Fuad II of Egypt (1952-53), last King of Egypt, born in Abdeen Palace, Cairo, Egypt
  • 1952-07-16 Stewart Copeland, American drummer (The Police-Roxanne), born in Alexandria, Virginia
  • 1954-06-02 Michael Steele, rocker (Bangles-Eternal Flame, Walk Like an Egyptian)
  • 1954-10-10 Mohamed Mounir, Egyptian singer and actor (El Malek Howwa El Malek), born in Aswan, Egypt
  • 1955-03-10 Youssra, Egyptian actress and singer
  • 1955-04-15 Dodi Fayed, Egyptian businessman who died in a car crash in Paris with Princess Diana, born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1997)
  • 1955-08-18 Taher Elgamal, Egyptian scientist, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1956-11-10 Mohsen Badawi, Egyptian entrepreneur and political activist, born in Cairo, Egpyt
  • 1957-04-04 Ali El Haggar, Egyptian singer and actor, born in Imbabah, Giza
  • 1958-10-14 Thomas Dolby, rock vocalist (She Blinded Me With Science), born in Cairo Egypt
  • 1959-01-17 Susanna Hoffs, American actress & musician (Bangles-Walk Like an Egyptian), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1960-07-19 Atom Egoyan, Canadian director (Adjuster, Next of Kin), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1960-09-18 Karim Rashid, Egyptian-Canadian industrial designer, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1961-10-11 Amr Diab, Egyptian singer (Leily Nehary), born in Port Said, Egypt
  • 1962-01-04 Laila Eloui, Egyptian actress
  • 1966-01-07 Ehab Tawfik, Egyptian singer, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1966-09-22 Moustafa Amar, Egyptian singer
  • 1966-11-02 Khaled Abol Naga, Egyptian actor and activist, born in Cairo
  • 1968-04-26 Ahmed Elmaghraby, American field hockey forward (Olympics 1996), born in Suez, Egypt
  • 1968-09-01 Mohammed Atta, Egyptian terrorist (d. 2001)
  • 1969-11-18 Ahmed Helmy, Egyptian actor (Aboud Ala El Hodoud), born in Banha, Egypt
  • 1973-01-15 Essam El-Hadary, Egyptian footballer, born in Damietta Governorate, Egypt
  • 1976-11-18 Mona Zaki, Egyptian Actress
  • 1977-08-16 Tamer Hosny, Egyptian singer and actor, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1980-10-10 Sherine, Egyptian singer, born in Cairo, Egypt

Person of interestRami Malek

1981-05-12 Rami Malek, American actor (Bohemian Rhapsody), born in Los Angeles, California

Actor Rami Malek
Actor
Rami Malek
  • 1981-10-08 Ruby [Rania Hussein Muhammad Tawfiq], Egyptian singer (Do You Know Why) and actress (The BabyDoll Night), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1983-02-23 Mido, Egyptian footballer, born in Cairo, Egypt

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1939-03-16 Princess Fawzia of Egypt (17) marries the Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (19)

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

LoveWedding of Interest

1949-05-29 President of Egypt Anwar Sadat (30) weds human rights activist Jehan Raouf (16) in Egypt

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat

Famous Deaths


Person of interestCleopatra

0030-08-12 BC Cleopatra VII Philopator, the last ruler of the Egyptian Ptolemaic dynasty, commits suicide allegedly by inducing an asp (Egyptian cobra) to bite her

Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt Cleopatra
Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt
Cleopatra
  • 0347-05-14 Pachomius, Egyptian monastery founder/abbot (Coenobieten), dies
  • 1121-12-11 Al-Afdal Shahanshah, Caliph of Egypt (b. 1066)

Person of interestSaladin

1193-03-04 Saladin, 1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty, dies of fever at about 55

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
Saladin
  • 1204-12-12 Maimonides, [Moses Ben Maimon], Span/Egyptian rabbi, dies at 69
  • 1249-11-23 Ajjoeb, sultan of Egypt, dies
  • 1250-02-08 William II Longespee, dies as a martyr at the battle of Al Mansurah, Egypt (7th cruscade)
  • 1250-05-02 Toeransa, sultan of Egypt, murdered
  • 1260-10-23 Koetoez, Turkish sultan of Egypt, murdered
  • 1277-07-01 Baibars, Mameluk sultan of Egypt (b. 1223)
  • 1517-04-13 Tuman bay II, last Mamelukken sultan of Egypt, dies at 40
  • 1773-05-08 Ali Bey Al-Kabir, Egyptian Mameluk head, dies (b. 1728)
  • 1829-05-10 Thomas Young, British physician and physicist (light interference), dies at 55
  • 1849-08-02 Governor Muhammad Ali of Egypt (b. 1769)
  • 1854-07-18 Abbas Hilmi I, viceroy of Egypt, dies at about 41
  • 1883-11-05 William Hicks, British col/commander (Egyptian army), dies in battle
  • 1887-04-20 Muhammad Sharif Pasha, Egyptian statesman (b. 1826)
  • 1892-01-07 Muḥammad Tawfīq Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (1879-92), dies at 39
  • 1895-03-02 Ismail Pasha, kedive of Egypt (1863-79), dies at 64
  • 1905-08-14 Mohammed Abdoe, Egyptian writing expert (Al'Oerwah al-Woethka), dies
  • 1908-02-10 Mustafa Kamil Pasha, Egyptian lawyer, journalist, Nationalist and a founder of Egyptian National Party, dies at 33
  • 1910-02-20 Boutros Ghali, Prime Minister of Egypt (1908-1910), assassinated by a nationalist at 64
  • 1911-09-21 Arab Pasha, "al-Misri" [Pasha Ahmad Arab), Egyptian minister, dies
  • 1917-01-29 Evelyn Baring earl Cromer, English consul-general in Egypt, dies at 75
  • 1917-10-09 Hussein Kamel, Sultan of Egypt (1914-17), dies at 63
  • 1919-11-15 Mohammad Farid, an influential Egyptian political figure.
  • 1924-11-19 Lee Stack, British sirdar in Egypt/gov-gen of Sudan, murdered
  • 1927-07-23 Saad Zaghlul, Egyptian parliament chairman, dies at 74
  • 1936-05-14 Edmund Allenby, Viscount Allenby, English Fieldmarshal, General in Egypt during WWI, dies at 74
  • 1944-12-20 Abbas Hilmi II, viceroy of Egypt (1892-1914), dies at 70
  • 1945-02-24 Ahmed Maher Pasha, Egypt's PM, assassinated in parliament
  • 1948-12-28 Mahmud Nokrashy Pasha, Prime Minister of Egypt (19..-48), assassinated
  • 1949-02-12 Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, dies at 42
  • 1951-01-07 René Guénon, French-Egyptian author (b. 1886)
  • 1952-08-05 Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear scientist (b. 1917)
  • 1954-05-30 Ahmad Amin, Egyptian historian and author (My Life), dies at 67
  • 1964-10-20 Miles WL Killearn of Killearn, baron/diplomat (Egypt), dies at 84
  • 1965-03-18 Farouk I, last King of Egypt (1936-52), dies at 45
  • 1966-08-29 Sayyid Qutb, Egyptian theoretician (b. 1906)
  • 1967-09-14 Mohammed Abdul Hakim Amer, Egyptian vice-PM, commits suicide at 47
  • 1969-03-09 Riad, chief of staff (Egyptian army), dies
  • 1970-09-28 Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egypt President (1953-70), dies of heart attack at 52
  • 1972-05-24 Ismail Yasseen, Egyptian comedian and actor (Isamil Yassine as Tarzan, Ibn Hamidu), dies of a heart attack at 59
  • 1973-10-28 Taha Hussein, Egyptian writer (b. 1889)
  • 1975-02-03 Umm Kulthum [Ibrahim], Egyptian singer and actress, dies at 76
  • 1977-03-30 Abdel Halim Hafez, Egyptian singer and actor (b. 1929)
  • 1977-07-03 Mohammed al-Zahaby, Egyptian minister, murdered

MurderAnwar Sadat

1981-10-06 Anwar Sadat, 3rd President of Egypt (1970-81, Nobel 1978), assassinated by fundamentalist army officers at 62

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1984-08-29 Muhammad Naguib, Egyptian statesman (b. 1901)
  • 1986-04-21 Salah Jaheen, Egyptian poet and cartoonist (b.1930)
  • 1987-05-03 Dalida [Yolande Christina Gigliotti], Egyptian-born Italian French singer, commits suicide at 54
  • 1990-01-31 Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian-born imam (b. 1935)
  • 1990-10-12 Rifaat Maghub, president Egyptian MP, murdered
  • 1990-11-12 Rifaat El-Maghub, Egyptian MP leader, murdered
  • 1991-05-03 Mohammed Abdel Wahab, Egyptian singer and composer (b. 1907)
  • 1992-06-08 Farag Foeda, Egyptian writer/publicist, murdered
  • 1993-04-11 Mohammed el-Himi, brigade-general of Egyptian police, murdered
  • 1994-04-09 Raouf Khayrat, Egyptian general-major, murdered
  • 1995-01-22 Mahmoud Sayed Selim, Egyptian moslim leader, shot to death at 29
  • 1995-06-07 Sheikh Imam, Egyptian singer and composer, dies at 76
  • 1995-10-13 Ali Faik Zaghloul, Egyptian radio presenter, dies at 71
  • 1997-11-21 Ismail Fahmi, external minister of Egypt in (1973-77), dies
  • 2000-08-09 Fouad Serageddin, Egyptian politician and leader of Egypt's Wafd Party, dies at 88
  • 2001-06-21 Souad Hosni, Egyptian actress (b. 1942)
  • 2002-07-25 Abdur Rahman Badawi, Egyptian existentialist philosopher (b. 1917)
  • 2006-08-30 Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian novelist (Palace Walk, Sugar Street) and first Arabic writer to win a Nobel Prize (1988), dies at 94
  • 2006-08-31 Mohamed Abdelwahab, Egyptian footballer (b. 1983)
  • 2008-07-27 Youssef Chahine, Egyptian film director (b. 1926)
  • 2009-07-01 Marwa El-Sherbini, Egyptian housewife (b. 1977 or 1976)
  • 2012-01-07 Ibrahim Aslan, Egyptian author, dies from heart failure at 77
  • 2012-03-17 Pope Shenouda III, Egyptian Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, dies from prostate cancer at 88
  • 2012-07-19 Omar Suleiman, Egyptian general and intelligence officer, dies from a heart attack at 76
  • 2015-07-10 Omar Sharif [Michel Dimitri Shalhoub], Egyptian actor (Doctor Zhivago, Lawrence of Arabia), dies at 83
  • 2016-02-16 Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian politician and 6th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1992- 96), dies at 93
  • 2016-08-02 Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American chemist, (Nobel Prize 1999), dies at 70