Alexandria in History

Egypt: Cairo - Port Said - Suez

Historical Events

Historic Event

0030-08-01 BC Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic

Victory in Battle

0030-07-31 BC Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves minor victory over Octavian, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to Octavian's invasion of Egypt

  • 0328-05-09 Athanasius is elected Patriarch bishop of Alexandria
  • 0362-02-21 Athanasius returns to Alexandria
  • 0365-07-21 Crete Earthquake followed by tsunami around the Eastern Mediterranean allegedly destroys Alexandria
  • 0641-06-09 Arabic-Islamic army conquers Romans at Alexandria, taking control of Egypt
  • 0642-09-17 Arab forces under Amr ibn al-'As conquer Alexandria

Historic Event

1798-07-01 Napoleon's fleet reaches Alexandria, Egypt

  • 1798-07-23 Napoleon Bonaparte captures Alexandria, Egypt
  • 1861-05-31 General Beauregard is given command of Confederate Alexandria Line
  • 1879-07-01 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
  • 1882-06-10 Anti-colonization mass society of Alexandria Egypt kills 50 Europeans
  • 1882-07-11 British fleet bombards Alexandria
  • 1882-08-16 British under General Wolseley land in Alexandria
  • 1941-05-12 British forces march into Alexandria, Egypt
  • 1964-07-23 Egyptian munition ship "Star of Alexandria" explodes at dockside in Bone, Algeria. 100 die, 160 injured, $20 million damage
  • 1971-11-14 Enthronment of Pope Shenouda III as Pope of Alexandria

Film & TV History

2001-09-10 Indian actor Amitabh Bachchan is awarded Actor of the Century at the Alexandria Film Festival

  • 2002-10-16 Bibliotheca Alexandrina in the Egyptian city of Alexandria, a commemoration of the Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity, is officially inaugurated.
  • 2004-09-11 All passengers are killed when a helicopter crashes in the Aegean Sea. Passengers include Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria and 16 others (including journalists and bishops of the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria)
  • 2011-01-25 Egyptian Revolution of 2011 begins with a series of street demonstrations, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, labor strikes and violent clashes in Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities
  • 2013-01-16 25 people are killed after an apartment block collapses in Alexandria, Egypt
  • 2017-04-09 Two Egyptian coptic churches in Tanta and Alexandria attacked by suicide bombers leaving at least 44 dead
  • 2018-07-19 Largest intact sarcophagus of its kind ever found (2000 years old) opened in Alexandria, contains 3 skeletons, not a curse as feared

Famous Birthdays

  • 1863-04-29 Constantine P Cavafy, Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant, born in Alexandria, Egypt Province, Ottoman Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1876-12-22 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)
  • 1888-02-10 Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian poet (Hermeticism) and journalist, born in Alexandria (d. 1970)
  • 1892-03-17 Sayed Darwish, Egyptian singer & songwriter, "father of Egyptian popular music" (Ana Haweet), born in Kôm el-Dikka, Alexandria (d. 1923)

Rudolf Hess

1894-04-26 Rudolf Hess, German Nazi official (Deputy Fuhrer who dramatically escaped to Britain in 1941), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1987)

  • 1899-06-04 Hassan Fathy, Egyptian architect (New Gourna Village), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1989)

Anna Magnani

1908-03-07 Anna Magnani, Italian actress (The Rose Tattoo; Miracle; Wild is the Wind), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1973)

  • 1909-02-24 Riccardo Freda, Italian film director and screenwriter (Theodora, Slave Empress), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1999)
  • 1911-08-24 Michel Pablo [Michalis N. Raptis], Chilean-Greek writer and Trotskyist revolutionary (Fourth International), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1996)
  • 1917-06-09 Eric J. Hobsbawm, Marxist historian (The Age of Revolution; Capital; and Empire), born in Alexandria, Sultanate of Egypt, (d. 2012)
  • 1921-11-05 Fawzia Fuad, Egyptian princess who became Queen of Iran as the first wife of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, born in Ras el-Tin Palace, Alexandria, Sultanate of Egypt (d. 2013)
  • 1923-08-03 Shenouda III of Alexandria, Pope of the Coptic Christianity, born in Abnub, Asyut Governorate, Egypt (d. 2012)
  • 1929-01-27 Mohamed Al Fayed, Egyptian business magnate (Harrods), born in Alexandria, Egypt
  • 1929-06-29 Alexandre Lagoya, Greek-Italian-French classical guitarist and composer, born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1999)
  • 1931-09-05 Moshe Mizrahi, Israeli film director (Madame Rosa), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 2018)
  • 1932-04-10 Omar Sharif [Michel Dimitri Shalhoub], Egyptian actor (Doctor Zhivago, Lawrence of Arabia), born in Alexandria (d. 2015)
  • 1944-10-15 Haim Saban, Israeli-American media proprietor (Saban Entertainment), born in Alexandria, Kingdom of Egypt
  • 1946-06-15 Demis Roussos, Greek singer and performer (Aphrodite's Child), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 2015)
  • 1952-07-16 Stewart Copeland, American drummer (The Police - "Roxanne"), and film score composer (Wall Street; SubUrbia), born in Alexandria, Virginia
  • 1955-04-15 Dodi Fayed, Egyptian businessman who died in a car crash in Paris with Diana. Princess of Wales, born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1997)
  • 1972-11-12 Vassilis Tsiartas, Greek footballer, born in Alexandria, Greece
  • 1986-07-09 Kiely Williams, American singer and actress (Cheetah Girls), born in Alexandria, Virgina

Famous Deaths

  • 0068-04-25 Saint Mark, the first Pope of Alexandria and the founder of Christianity in Africa
  • 0300-12-28 Theonas, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 0311-11-25 Peter of Alexandria, Christian martyr
  • 0326-04-17 Alexander of Alexandria, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 0373-05-02 Athanasius, Greek early church Father and theologian (Patriarch of Alexandria (328-273) (b. 298)
  • 0412-10-15 Theophilus, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 0444-06-27 Cyrillus van Alexandria, patriarch of Alexandria, dies
  • 0454-09-04 Dioscorus van Alexandria, patriarch (council of Efeze), dies
  • 0490-10-29 Petrus Mongus, patriarch of Alexandria, dies
  • 0530-10-14 Dioscorus, deacon of the Alexandrian and the Roman church and a posthumous antiPope (530), dies
  • 1638-06-27 Lukaris Cyrillus, patriarch of Alexandria/Constantinople, dies
  • 2004-09-11 Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria, Greek Orthodox Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa, dies at 55
  • 2009-01-20 Stéphanos II Ghattas, Patriarch Emeritus of Alexandria for the Coptic Catholic Church (b. 1920)
  • 2012-03-17 Pope Shenouda III, Egyptian Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, dies from prostate cancer at 88