Alexandria in History

Egypt: Cairo - Port Said - Suez

Historical Events

Event of interestEvent of Interest

0030-08-01 BC Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

0030-07-31 BC Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves minor victory over Octavian, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to Octavian's invasion of Egypt

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
  • 0328-05-09 Athanasius is elected Patriarch bishop of Alexandria
  • 0362-02-21 Athanasius returns to Alexandria.
  • 0365-07-21 Crete Earthquake followed by tsunami around the Eastern Mediterranean allegedly destroys Alexandria
  • 0641-06-09 Arabic/Islamic army contrasts with the Hippo over Alexandria
  • 0642-09-17 Arab forces under Amr ibn al-'As conquer Alexandria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1798-07-01 Napoleon's fleet reaches Alexandria, Egypt

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1798-07-23 Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt
  • 1861-05-31 General Beauregard is given command of Confederate Alexandria Line
  • 1879-07-01 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
  • 1882-06-10 Anti-colonization mass society of Alexandria Egypt kills 50 Europeans
  • 1882-07-11 British fleet bombards Alexandria
  • 1882-08-16 British under General Wolseley land in Alexandria
  • 1941-05-12 British forces march into Alexandria, Egypt
  • 1964-07-23 Egyptian munition ship "Star of Alexandria" explodes at dockside in Bone, Algeria. 100 die, 160 injured, $20 million damage
  • 1971-11-14 Enthronment of Pope Shenouda III as Pope of Alexandria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2001-09-10 Indian actor Amitabh Bachchan is awarded Actor of the Century at the Alexandria Film Festival

  • 2002-10-16 Bibliotheca Alexandrina in the Egyptian city of Alexandria, a commemoration of the Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity, is officially inaugurated.
  • 2004-09-11 All passengers are killed when a helicopter crashes in the Aegean Sea. Passengers include Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria and 16 others (including journalists and bishops of the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria)
  • 2011-01-25 Egyptian Revolution of 2011 begins with a series of street demonstrations, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, labor strikes and violent clashes in Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities
  • 2013-01-16 25 people are killed after an apartment block collapses in Alexandria, Egypt
  • 2017-04-09 Two Egyptian coptic churches in Tanta and Alexandria attacked by suicide bombers leaving at least 44 dead
  • 2018-07-19 Largest intact sarcophagus of its kind ever found (2000 years old) opened in Alexandria, contains 3 skeletons, not a curse as feared

Famous Birthdays

  • 1863-04-29 Constantine P Cavafy, Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant, born in Alexandria, Egypt Province, Ottoman Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1876-12-22 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)
  • 1888-02-10 Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian poet (Hermeticism) and journalist, born in Alexandria (d. 1970)
  • 1892-03-17 Sayed Darwish, Egyptian singer & songwriter, "father of Egyptian popular music" (Ana Haweet), born in Kôm el-Dikka, Alexandria (d. 1923)

Person of interestRudolf Hess

1894-04-26 Rudolf Hess, German Nazi official (Deputy Fuhrer who dramatically escaped to Britain in 1941), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1987)

Nazi leader Rudolf Hess
Nazi leader
Rudolf Hess
  • 1899-06-04 Hassan Fathy, Egyptian architect, born in Alexandria (d. 1989)

Person of interestAnna Magnani

1908-03-07 Anna Magnani, Italian actress (The Rose Tattoo; Miracle; Wild is the Wind), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1973)

Actress Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
  • 1909-02-24 Riccardo Freda, Italian film director and screenwriter (Theodora, Slave Empress), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1999)
  • 1911-08-24 Michel Pablo [Michalis N. Raptis], Chilean-Greek writer and Trotskyist revolutionary (Fourth International), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1996)
  • 1917-06-09 Eric J. Hobsbawm, Marxist historian (The Age of Revolution; Capital; and Empire), born in Alexandria, Sultanate of Egypt, (d. 2012)
  • 1921-11-05 Fawzia Fuad, Egyptian princess who became Queen of Iran as the first wife of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, born in Ras el-Tin Palace, Alexandria, Sultanate of Egypt (d. 2013)
  • 1923-08-03 Shenouda III of Alexandria, Pope of the Coptic Christianity, born in Abnub, Asyut Governorate, Egypt (d. 2012)
  • 1929-01-27 Mohamed Al Fayed, Egyptian business magnate (Harrods), born in Alexandria, Egypt
  • 1929-06-21 Alexandre Lagoya, Greek-Italian classical guitarist and composer, born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1999)
  • 1931-09-05 Moshe Mizrahi, Israeli film director (Madame Rosa), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 2018)
  • 1932-04-10 Omar Sharif [Michel Dimitri Shalhoub], Egyptian actor (Doctor Zhivago, Lawrence of Arabia), born in Alexandria (d. 2015)
  • 1944-10-15 Haim Saban, Israeli-American media proprietor (Saban Entertainment), born in Alexandria, Kingdom of Egypt
  • 1946-06-15 Demis Roussos, Greek singer and performer (Aphrodite's Child), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 2015)
  • 1952-07-16 Stewart Copeland, American drummer (The Police-Roxanne), born in Alexandria, Virginia
  • 1955-04-15 Dodi Fayed, Egyptian businessman who died in a car crash in Paris with Princess Diana, born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1997)
  • 1972-11-12 Vassilis Tsiartas, Greek footballer, born in Alexandria, Greece
  • 1986-07-09 Kiely Williams, American singer and actress (Cheetah Girls), born in Alexandria, Virgina

Famous Deaths

  • 0068-04-25 Saint Mark, the first Pope of Alexandria and the founder of Christianity in Africa
  • 0300-12-28 Theonas, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 0311-11-25 Peter of Alexandria, Christian martyr
  • 0326-04-17 Alexander of Alexandria, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 0373-05-02 Athanasius, Patriarch of Alexandria (b. 298)
  • 0412-10-15 Theophilus, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 0444-06-27 Cyrillus van Alexandria, patriarch of Alexandria, dies
  • 0454-09-04 Dioscorus van Alexandria, patriarch (council of Efeze), dies
  • 0490-10-29 Petrus Mongus, patriarch of Alexandria, dies
  • 0530-10-14 Dioscorus, deacon of the Alexandrian and the Roman church and a posthumous antiPope (530), dies
  • 1638-06-27 Lukaris Cyrillus, patriarch of Alexandria/Constantinople, dies
  • 2004-09-11 Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria, Greek Orthodox Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa, dies at 55
  • 2009-01-20 Stéphanos II Ghattas, Patriarch Emeritus of Alexandria for the Coptic Catholic Church (b. 1920)
  • 2012-03-17 Pope Shenouda III, Egyptian Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, dies from prostate cancer at 88