Cairo in History

Historical Events

  • 1517-01-22 Ottoman forces take Cairo, capital of the Mamluk Sultanate
  • 1517-04-13 Ottoman army occupies Cairo
  • 1800-03-20 French army defeats Turks at Helipolis & advance to Cairo
  • 1811-03-01 French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
  • 1824-03-21 Fire at Cairo ammunitions dump kills 4,000 horses
  • 1862-12-12 Naval Engagement at Yazoo River, MS (USS CAIRO torpedoed)
  • 1871-12-24 Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" opera premieres in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1879-06-30 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha leaves Cairo with train full of stolen goods
  • 1879-08-23 Governor-general Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo
  • 1882-09-14 British General Wolseley reaches Cairo
  • 1882-09-15 British General Wolseley occupies Cairo
  • 1905-04-02 Cairo-Capetown railway opens
  • 1914-02-01 Chicago White Sox and New York Giants play a 10-inning, 3-3 tie in Cairo, Egypt in an exhibition MLB game; part of special 56-game world tour
  • 1914-12-23 World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt

Conference of Interest

1921-03-12 Cairo Conference begins, British meeting to determine Middle Eastern policies, Gertrude Bell and T. E. Lawrence attend

Historic Event

1942-08-04 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Cairo, Egypt

Conference of Interest

1943-12-04 -Dec 6] 2nd conference of Cairo: FDR, Winston Churchill and Turkish President İsmet İnönü

  • 1945-02-22 Arab League forms (Cairo)
  • 1945-03-22 Arab League forms with adoption of a charter in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1948-02-29 Stern-group bomb on Cairo-Haifa train kills 27 British soldiers
  • 1948-06-20 20 Jews killed when a bomb is thrown into Jewish quarter of Cairo
  • 1948-07-15 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • 1952-01-26 At least 20 people have been killed and 100s injured during riots in Cairo against the British
  • 1958-09-20 Ferhat Abbas forms Algerian government in exile (Cairo)
  • 1961-06-12 Dutch Lockheed Electricity "Sirius" accident at Cairo, kills 20
  • 1962-06-26 Blacks begin passive resistance in Cairo Ill
  • 1965-05-20 Pakistani Boeing 720-B crashes at Cairo Egypt, killing 121
  • 1965-11-01 Trackless trolley plunged into Nile River drowning 74 (Cairo Egypt)
  • 1967-05-30 King Hussein of Jordan visits Cairo
  • 1967-07-17 Race riots in Cairo, Illinois
  • 1969-06-19 State troopers ordered to Cairo Ill, to quell racial disturbances

Historic Event

1972-04-02 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin visits Cairo

  • 1973-10-24 Yom Kippur War ends, Israel 65 miles from Cairo, 26 from Damascus
  • 1974-02-17 49 die in stampede for seats at soccer match, Cairo, Egypt
  • 1977-12-14 Egyptian & Israeli representatives gather in Cairo for first formal peace conference
  • 1978-09-16 Grateful Dead perform in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1979-04-02 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin meets Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in Cairo
  • 1981-06-17 Battle between Muslims & Christians in Cairo, 14 killed

Historic Event

1981-10-10 Anwar Sadat's funeral service held in Cairo

  • 1990-02-04 10 Israeli tourists murdered near Cairo
  • 1992-10-12 5.8 earthquake at Cairo (at least 510 die)
  • 1999-10-31 EgyptAir Flight 990 traveling from New York City to Cairo crashes off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board.
  • 2001-12-28 OPEC oil ministers meeting in Cairo agree to reduce their crude oil output quotas by a combined 1.5 million barrels per day
  • 2011-01-25 Egyptian Revolution of 2011 begins with a series of street demonstrations, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, labor strikes and violent clashes in Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities
  • 2013-07-02 16 people are killed and 200 are injured in protest clashes at Cairo University against Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi
  • 2013-07-08 42 people killed, hundreds injured after the Egyptian army raids a sit-in protest in Cairo
  • 2013-07-27 100 people are killed and 1,500 injured in a crackdown against protesters in Cairo, Egypt
  • 2013-11-18 20 people are killed after a train collides with a minibus in Cairo, Egypt

Historic Event

2014-07-25 Both Israel and Hamas review US Secretary of State John Kerry's proposal for an immediate ceasefire and meetings in Cairo

Historic Event

2016-01-23 8 museum workers from Egyptian Museum, Cairo referred for prosecution for reattaching Tutankhamun's beard with inappropriate glue

  • 2016-05-19 EgyptAir flight MS804 goes missing over the Mediterranean on route Paris to Cairo
  • 2016-12-11 Bombing at a chapel in Cairo, Egypt, kills 25 and wounds 45
  • 2018-12-01 Egyptian actress Rania Youssef charged for "inciting debauchery" after wearing see-through dress to Cairo film festival
  • 2018-12-15 Egyptian Archaeologists announce discovery of 4,400 year old tomb of Fifth Dynasty priest in Saqqara pyramid complex near Cairo
  • 2019-01-16 Egyptian city Cairo is engulfed by a sandstorm turning it orange
  • 2019-02-02 More than 40 mummies from 323-30 BC found at a burial site at Tuna el-Gebel archaeological site south of Cairo, Egypt
  • 2019-02-27 Train crashes into a buffer at Cairo's main railway station killing 25 and injuring dozens in Egypt
  • 2019-06-17 Former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi dies after collapsing during a court appearance in Cairo
  • 2019-08-04 Car explosion kills 20 with 47 injured in Cairo, Egypt, in terrorist-related incident
  • 2019-09-20 Rare Egyptian political protests take place against corruption in President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi's government in Tahrir Square, Cairo and elsewhere
  • 2019-12-19 Earliest fossilized trees, 386 million years old, found at a quarry in Cairo, New York, study published in "Current Biology"

Famous Birthdays

  • 1005-06-20 Ali az-Zahir, 7th Caliph of the Fātimids (1021-36), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1036)
  • 1029-07-02 Al-Mustanṣir, 8th Fāṭimid Caliph of Cairo, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1094)
  • 1830-12-31 Isma'il Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (1863-79), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1895)
  • 1852-12-15 Muḥammad Tawfīq Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (1879-92), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1892)
  • 1853-11-21 Hussein Kamel, Sultan of Egypt (1914-17), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1917)
  • 1868-03-26 Fuʾād I [Aḥmad Fuʾād Pasha], King of Egypt (1922-36), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1936)
  • 1874-08-14 Mustafa Kamil Pasha, Egyptian lawyer, journalist and nationalist activist, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1908)
  • 1886-10-01 Ahmad Amin, Egyptian historian and author (My Life), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1954)
  • 1889-03-27 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1974)
  • 1899-08-27 C. S. Forester, English historical novelist (Horatio Hornblower), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1966)
  • 1899-12-13 Yusef Greiss, Egyptian composer, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1961)
  • 1910-04-10 Abu-Bakr Khairat, Egyptian composer, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1963)
  • 1910-05-12 Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, British biochemist who developed protein crystallography to study molecular structure, including that of vitamin B12 (Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1964), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1994) [1]
  • 1911-03-11 Sir Fitzroy Maclean, Scottish diplomat soldier politician, author and an inspiration for Ian Fleming's James Bond, born in Cairo
  • 1911-04-12 Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal nationalization engineer, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1976)
  • 1911-12-11 Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian novelist (Palace Walk, Sugar Street) and first Arabic writer to win a Nobel Prize (1988), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2006)
  • 1914-07-18 Mack Robinson, American 200m dash (Olympic silver 1932), born in Cairo, Georgia (d. 2000)
  • 1915-05-10 Salah Abou Seif [Salah Abu Saif], Egyptian film director (Bidaya wa Nihaya), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1996)

Jackie Robinson

1919-01-31 Jackie Robinson, 1st African American major league baseball player (Dodgers), born in Cairo, Georgia (d. 1972)

  • 1920-02-11 Farouk I, Cairo, last King of Egypt (1936-52)
  • 1921-03-04 Halim El-Dabh, Egyptian-American pianist, darabukha drummer, and composer (Martha Graham ballet scores), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2017)
  • 1921-08-02 Alan Whicker, British journalist and TV broadcaster (Whicker's World), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2013)
  • 1923-11-06 Renato Capecchi, Italian violinist and baritone, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1998)
  • 1929-12-16 Nicholas Courtney, British actor (Doctor Who, Incendiary), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2011)
  • 1930-09-11 Saleh Selim, Egyptian football player and 10th president of the Egyptian Al-Ahly Sporting Club, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2002)
  • 1930-12-25 Salah Jaheen, Egyptian poet and cartoonist, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1986)
  • 1933-01-17 Dalida [Yolande Christina Gigliotti], French-Italian actress (The Sixth Day), singer (Bambino), and Miss Egypt 1954, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1987)
  • 1933-03-17 Penelope Lively, British writer (Moon Tiger, The Ghost of Thomas Kempe), born in Cairo, Egypt

Yasser Arafat

1933-08-24 Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority (1994-2004) and 1994 Nobel peace prize winner, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2004)

  • 1933-08-29 Jehan Sadat [Safwat Raouf], Widow of Anwar Sadat and 1st Lady of Egypt (1970-81), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2021) [1]
  • 1936-01-06 Julio Maria Sanguinetti Cairolo, Uruguayan politician (President, 1985-90, 1995-2000), born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1940-04-13 Mike Beuttler, British racing driver, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1988)
  • 1942-06-17 Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize 2005, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1945-02-09 Mia [Maria] Farrow, LA, actress (Rosemary's Baby, Purple Rose of Cairo)
  • 1946-06-05 Gillian Hills, English actress (Blow-up, Clockwork Orange), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1951-06-19 Ayman al-Zawahiri, Egyptian leader of al-Qaeda, born in Maadi, Cairo
  • 1952-01-16 Fuad II of Egypt, last King of Egypt and Sudan (1952-53), born in Abdeen Palace, Cairo, Egypt
  • 1954-11-19 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, Egyptian politician, 6th President of Egypt (2014-), born in Zagazig, Cairo
  • 1955-07-06 Sherif Ismail, Prime Minister of Egypt (2015-2018), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1955-08-18 Taher Elgamal, Egyptian scientist, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1956-11-10 Mohsen Badawi, Egyptian entrepreneur and political activist, born in Cairo, Egpyt
  • 1958-10-14 Thomas Dolby [Robertson], British new-wave rock singer and musician ("She Blinded Me With Science"), born in London, England
  • 1960-07-19 Atom Egoyan, Canadian director (Adjuster, Next of Kin), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1960-09-18 Karim Rashid, Egyptian-Canadian industrial designer, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1964-07-19 Teresa Edwards, American basketball forward (Olympic gold 1984, 88,92,96), born in Cairo, Georgia
  • 1966-01-07 Ehab Tawfik, Egyptian singer, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1966-11-02 Khaled Abol Naga, Egyptian actor and activist, born in Cairo
  • 1974-05-04 Miguel Cairo, Venezuelan baseball player, born in Anaco, Anzoátegui, Venezuela
  • 1977-08-16 Tamer Hosny, Egyptian singer and actor, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1980-10-10 Sherine [Abdel-Wahab], Egyptian singer, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1981-10-08 Ruby [Rania Hussein Muhammad Tawfiq], Egyptian singer ("Do You Know Why") and actress (The Baby Doll Night), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1983-02-23 Mido, Egyptian footballer, born in Cairo, Egypt

Famous Deaths

  • 1094-01-10 Al-Mustanṣir, 8th Fāṭimid Caliph of Cairo, dies at 64
  • 1169-03-23 Shirkuh, Kurdish general, Vizier of Cairo, and Saladin's uncle, dies
  • 1957-05-01 Grant Mitchell, American actor (Great Lie, Laura, Cairo, Conflict), dies at 82
  • 1971-11-28 Wasfi Tal, Jordan's PM, assassinated by Black Sept in Cairo

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

1980-07-27 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran (Persia) (1941-79), dies in Cairo of splenomegaly at 60