Cairo in History

Historical Events

  • 1517-01-22 Ottoman forces take Cairo, capital of the Mamluk Sultanate
  • 1517-04-13 Ottoman army occupies Cairo
  • 1800-03-20 French army defeats Turks at Helipolis & advance to Cairo
  • 1811-03-01 French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
  • 1824-03-21 Fire at Cairo ammunitions dump kills 4,000 horses
  • 1862-12-12 Naval Engagement at Yazoo River, MS (USS CAIRO torpedoed)
  • 1871-12-24 Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" opera premieres in Cairo
  • 1879-06-30 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha leaves Cairo with train full of stolen goods
  • 1879-08-23 Governor-general Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo
  • 1882-09-14 British General Wolseley reaches Cairo
  • 1882-09-15 British General Wolseley occupies Cairo
  • 1905-04-02 Cairo-Capetown railway opens
  • 1914-02-01 Chicago White Sox and New York Giants play a 10-inning, 3-3 tie in Cairo, Egypt in an exhibition MLB game; part of special 56-game world tour
  • 1914-12-23 World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1921-03-12 Cairo Conference begins, British meeting to determine Middle Eastern policies, Gertrude Bell and T. E. Lawrence attend

Archaeologist and Writer Gertrude Bell
Archaeologist and Writer
Gertrude Bell
Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942-08-04 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Cairo

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942-08-12 Lt General Bernard Montgomery arrives in Cairo

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1943-12-04 -Dec 6] 2nd conference of Cairo: FDR, Winston Churchill and Turkish President İsmet İnönü

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1945-02-22 Arab League forms (Cairo)
  • 1945-03-22 Arab League forms with adoption of a charter in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1948-02-29 Stern-group bomb on Cairo-Haifa train kills 27 British soldiers
  • 1948-06-20 20 Jews killed when a bomb is thrown into Jewish quarter of Cairo
  • 1948-07-15 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • 1952-01-26 At least 20 people have been killed and 100s injured during riots in Cairo against the British
  • 1958-09-20 Ferhat Abbas forms Algerian government in exile (Cairo)
  • 1961-06-12 Dutch Lockheed Electricity "Sirius" accident at Cairo, kills 20
  • 1962-06-26 Blacks begin passive resistance in Cairo Ill
  • 1965-05-20 Pakistani Boeing 720-B crashes at Cairo Egypt, killing 121
  • 1965-11-01 Trackless trolley plunged into Nile River drowning 74 (Cairo Egypt)
  • 1967-05-30 King Hussein of Jordan visits Cairo
  • 1967-07-17 Race riots in Cairo, Illinois
  • 1969-06-19 State troopers ordered to Cairo Ill, to quell racial disturbances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972-04-02 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin visits Cairo

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1973-10-24 Yom Kippur War ends, Israel 65 miles from Cairo, 26 from Damascus

  • 1974-02-17 49 die in stampede for seats at soccer match, Cairo, Egypt
  • 1977-12-14 Egyptian & Israeli representatives gather in Cairo for first formal peace conference
  • 1978-09-16 Grateful Dead perform in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1979-04-02 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin meets Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in Cairo
  • 1981-06-17 Battle between Muslims & Christians in Cairo, 14 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981-10-10 Anwar Sadat's funeral service held in Cairo

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1990-02-04 10 Israeli tourists murdered near Cairo
  • 1992-10-12 5.8 earthquake at Cairo (at least 510 die)
  • 1999-10-31 EgyptAir Flight 990 traveling from New York City to Cairo crashes off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board.
  • 2001-12-28 OPEC oil ministers meeting in Cairo agree to reduce their crude oil output quotas by a combined 1.5 million barrels per day
  • 2011-01-25 Egyptian Revolution of 2011 begins with a series of street demonstrations, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, labor strikes and violent clashes in Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities
  • 2013-07-02 16 people are killed and 200 are injured in protest clashes at Cairo University against Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi
  • 2013-07-08 42 people killed, hundreds injured after the Egyptian army raids a sit-in protest in Cairo
  • 2013-07-27 100 people are killed and 1,500 injured in a crackdown against protesters in Cairo, Egypt
  • 2013-11-18 20 people are killed after a train collides with a minibus in Cairo, Egypt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014-07-25 Both Israel and Hamas review US Secretary of State John Kerry's proposal for an immediate ceasefire and meetings in Cairo

US Secretary of State John Kerry
US Secretary of State
John Kerry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016-01-23 8 museum workers from Egyptian Museum, Cairo referred for prosecution for reattaching Tutankhamun's beard with inappropriate glue

Pharoah of Egypt Tutankhamun
Pharoah of Egypt
  • 2016-05-19 EgyptAir flight MS804 goes missing over the Mediterranean on route Paris to Cairo
  • 2016-12-11 Bombing at a chapel in Cairo, Egypt, kills 25 and wounds 45
  • 2018-12-01 Egyptian actress Rania Youssef charged for "inciting debauchery" after wearing see-through dress to Cairo film festival
  • 2018-12-15 Egyptian Archaeologists announce discovery of 4,400 year old tomb of Fifth Dynasty priest in Saqqara pyramid complex near Cairo
  • 2019-01-16 Egyptian city Cairo is engulfed by a sandstorm turning it orange
  • 2019-02-02 More than 40 mummies from 323-30 BC found at a burial site at Tuna el-Gebel archaeological site south of Cairo, Egypt
  • 2019-02-27 Train crashes into a buffer at Cairo's main railway station killing 25 and injuring dozens in Egypt
  • 2019-06-17 Former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi dies after collapsing during a court appearance in Cairo
  • 2019-08-04 Car explosion kills 20 with 47 injured in Cairo, Egypt, in terrorist-related incident
  • 2019-09-20 Rare Egyptian political protests take place against corruption in President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi's government in Tahrir Square, Cairo and elsewhere
  • 2019-12-19 Earliest fossilized trees, 386 million years old, found at a quarry in Cairo, New York, study published in "Current Biology"

Famous Birthdays

  • 1005-06-20 Ali az-Zahir, 7th Caliph of the Fātimids (1021-36), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1036)
  • 1029-07-02 Al-Mustanṣir, 8th Fāṭimid Caliph of Cairo, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1094)
  • 1830-12-31 Isma'il Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (1863-79), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1895)
  • 1852-12-15 Muḥammad Tawfīq Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (1879-92), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1892)
  • 1853-11-21 Hussein Kamel, Sultan of Egypt (1914-17), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1917)
  • 1868-03-26 Fuʾād I [Aḥmad Fuʾād Pasha], King of Egypt (1922-36), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1936)
  • 1874-08-14 Mustafa Kamil Pasha, Egyptian lawyer, journalist and nationalist activist, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1908)
  • 1886-10-01 Ahmad Amin, Egyptian historian and author (My Life), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1954)
  • 1889-03-27 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1974)
  • 1899-08-27 C. S. Forester, English historical novelist (Horatio Hornblower), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1966)
  • 1899-12-13 Yusef Greiss, Egyptian composer, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1961)
  • 1910-04-10 Abu-Bakr Khairat, Egyptian composer, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1963)
  • 1910-05-12 Dorothy Crowfoot-Hodgkin, British biochemist (penicillin/B12/Nobel 1964), born in Cairo (d. 1994)

Person of interestDorothy Hodgkin

1910-05-29 Dorothy Hodgkin, British chemist who developed protein crystallography, 3rd woman to win a Nobel Prize (1964), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1994)

  • 1911-03-11 Sir Fitzroy Maclean, Scottish diplomat soldier politician, author and an inspiration for Ian Fleming's James Bond, born in Cairo
  • 1911-04-12 Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal nationalization engineer, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1976)
  • 1911-12-11 Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian novelist (Palace Walk, Sugar Street) and first Arabic writer to win a Nobel Prize (1988), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2006)
  • 1914-07-18 Mack Robinson, American 200m dash (Olympic silver 1932), born in Cairo, Georgia (d. 2000)
  • 1915-05-10 Salah Abou Seif [Salah Abu Saif], Egyptian film director (Bidaya wa Nihaya), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1996)

Person of interestJackie Robinson

1919-01-31 Jackie Robinson, 1st African American major league baseball player (Dodgers), born in Cairo, Georgia (d. 1972)

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson
  • 1920-02-11 Farouk I, Cairo, last King of Egypt (1936-52)
  • 1921-03-04 Halim El-Dabh, Egyptian-American composer (Martha Graham Ballets), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2017)
  • 1921-08-02 Alan Whicker, British journalist and TV broadcaster (Whicker's World), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2013)
  • 1922-11-14 Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian politician and 6th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1992- 96), born in Cairo (d. 2016)
  • 1923-11-06 Renato Capecchi, Italian violinist and baritone, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1998)
  • 1929-12-16 Nicholas Courtney, British actor (Doctor Who, Incendiary), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2011)
  • 1930-09-11 Saleh Selim, Egyptian football player and 10th president of the Egyptian Al-Ahly Sporting Club, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2002)
  • 1930-12-25 Salah Jaheen, Egyptian poet and cartoonist, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1986)
  • 1933-01-17 Dalida [Yolande Christina Gigliotti], French-Italian actress (The Sixth Day), singer (Bambino), and Miss Egypt 1954, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1987)
  • 1933-03-17 Penelope Lively, British writer (Moon Tiger, The Ghost of Thomas Kempe), born in Cairo, Egypt

Person of interestYasser Arafat

1933-08-24 Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority (1994-2004) and 1994 Nobel peace prize winner, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2004)

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • 1933-08-29 Jehan Sadat, Widow of Anwar Sadat and 1st Lady of Egypt, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1936-01-06 Julio Maria Sanguinetti Cairolo, Uruguayan politician (President, 1985-90, 1995-2000), born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1940-04-13 Mike Beuttler, British racing driver, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1988)
  • 1942-06-17 Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize 2005, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1945-02-09 Mia [Maria] Farrow, LA, actress (Rosemary's Baby, Purple Rose of Cairo)
  • 1946-06-05 Gillian Hills, English actress (Blow-up, Clockwork Orange), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1951-06-19 Ayman al-Zawahiri, Egyptian leader of al-Qaeda, born in Maadi, Cairo
  • 1952-01-16 Fuad II of Egypt, last King of Egypt and Sudan (1952-53), born in Abdeen Palace, Cairo, Egypt
  • 1954-11-19 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, 6th President of Egypt (2014-present), born in Zagazig, Cairo
  • 1955-07-06 Sherif Ismail, Prime Minister of Egypt (2015-2018), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1955-08-18 Taher Elgamal, Egyptian scientist, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1956-11-10 Mohsen Badawi, Egyptian entrepreneur and political activist, born in Cairo, Egpyt
  • 1958-10-14 Thomas Dolby [Robertson], British new-wave rock singer and musician (She Blinded Me With Science), born in London, England
  • 1960-07-19 Atom Egoyan, Canadian director (Adjuster, Next of Kin), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1960-09-18 Karim Rashid, Egyptian-Canadian industrial designer, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1964-07-19 Teresa Edwards, American basketball forward (Olympic gold 1984, 88,92,96), born in Cairo, Georgia
  • 1966-01-07 Ehab Tawfik, Egyptian singer, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1966-11-02 Khaled Abol Naga, Egyptian actor and activist, born in Cairo
  • 1974-05-04 Miguel Cairo, Venezuelan baseball player, born in Anaco, Anzoátegui, Venezuela
  • 1977-08-16 Tamer Hosny, Egyptian singer and actor, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1980-10-10 Sherine [Abdel-Wahab], Egyptian singer, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1981-10-08 Ruby [Rania Hussein Muhammad Tawfiq], Egyptian singer (Do You Know Why) and actress (The BabyDoll Night), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1983-02-23 Mido, Egyptian footballer, born in Cairo, Egypt

Famous Deaths

  • 1094-01-10 Al-Mustanṣir, 8th Fāṭimid Caliph of Cairo, dies at 64
  • 1169-03-23 Shirkuh, Kurd general/vizier of Cairo/Saladin's uncle, dies
  • 1204-12-13 Maimonides, Jewish philosopher/talmudic scholar, dies in Cairo at 69
  • 1957-05-01 Grant Mitchell, American actor (Great Lie, Laura, Cairo, Conflict), dies at 82
  • 1971-11-28 Wasfi Tal, Jordan's PM, assassinated by Black Sept in Cairo

Person of interestMohammad Reza Pahlavi

1980-07-27 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran (Persia) (1941-79), dies in Cairo of splenomegaly at 60

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi