Suez in History

Historical Events

  • 1854-11-15 In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is given the necessary royal concession.
  • 1859-04-25 Ground broken for Suez Canal
  • 1869-11-17 Suez Canal in Egypt opens, linking Mediterranean and Red seas
  • 1871-12-24 Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" opera premieres in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1888-03-02 The Convention of Constantinople signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace
  • 1915-02-03 Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal
  • 1952-01-20 British army occupies Ismailiya, Suez Canal Zone
  • 1956-06-13 The last British troops leave the Suez Canal Zone in Egypt

Historic Event

1956-07-26 Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser announces plan to nationalize Suez Canal, initiating the "Suez Crisis"

  • 1956-08-29 French government routes troops to Cyprus near Suez crisis
  • 1956-10-29 Suez Crisis erupts into war as Israel invades the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula, to be followed by a planned airborne assault by France and Britain
  • 1956-10-31 Britain and France join Israeli forces in Egypt and begin to bomb Egypt to reopen Suez Canal
  • 1956-11-03 Suez Crisis: After several days of fighting, Israeli forces capture the Gaza Strip
  • 1956-11-05 Britain and France land airborne forces at Port Said in Egypt, escalating the Suez Crisis
  • 1956-11-06 Suez Crisis: British Royal Marines storm Port Said in Egypt amid growing domestic and international opposition to the Anglo-French-Israeli military operation

United Nations

1956-11-07 Suez Crisis ends with a ceasefire as the United Nations Emergency Force is established at instigation of Canadian diplomat Lester B. Pearson and UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld

  • 1957-03-08 Egypt reopens the Suez Canal after Israel withdraws from occupied Egyptian territory
  • 1957-03-08 Israeli troops leave Egypt
  • 1957-10-20 Lester B. Pearson is the first Canadian to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his aid in resolving the Suez Crisis
  • 1967-06-09 Israeli troops reach Suez Canal
  • 1968-07-08 Israeli-Egyptian artillery duel along Suez Canal
  • 1971-03-07 Egypt refuses to renew the Suez cease fire
  • 1973-10-09 Israel announces loss of Bar-Lev defense line in Suez Canal
  • 1973-10-16 Israeli tanks under Gen Sharon move through Suez Canal
  • 1973-10-26 Israeli forces reach Suez, trapping Egyptian army
  • 1974-02-21 Israeli forces leave western Suez

Historic Event

1975-06-05 Egyptian president Anwar Sadat reopens Suez Canal (closed since 1967)

  • 1979-11-25 Israel returns Alma oilfields in Gulf of Suez to Egypt
  • 2006-01-12 French warship Clemenceau reaches Egypt and is barred access to the Suez Canal. Greenpeace activists board the ship.
  • 2015-08-06 Eqyptian President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi inaugurates the Suez Canal Expansion at a ceremony in Ismaïlia

Famous Birthdays

  • 1805-11-19 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat (built Suez Canal), born in Versailles, French Empire (d. 1894)
  • 1911-04-12 Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal nationalization engineer, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1976)
  • 1912-09-15 Ismail Yasseen, Egyptian comedian and actor (Isamil Yassine as Tarzan, Ibn Hamidu), born in Suez, Egypt (d. 1972)
  • 1968-04-26 Ahmed Elmaghraby, American field hockey forward (Olympics 1996), born in Suez, Egypt

Famous Deaths

  • 1894-12-07 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat (built Suez Canal), dies at 89
  • 1976-04-18 Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal nationalization engineer, dies at 65