El Salvador in History

Historical Events

  • 1811-11-05 El Salvador's 1st battle against Spain for independence
  • 1821-09-15 Act of Independence of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua declare their independence from the Spanish Empire
  • 1895-06-20 Nicaragua, El Salvador and Honduras form a short-lived confederation
  • 1895-06-28 El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form Central American Union
  • 1913-10-29 Floods in El Salvador kill thousands
  • 1921-01-19 Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras & El Salvador sign Pact of Union
  • 1922-01-29 Union of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador dissolved
  • 1932-01-23 El Salvador army kills 4,000 protesting farmers

Historic Event

1953-07-07 Che Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador

  • 1961-01-25 Military coup in El Salvador
  • 1969-06-27 Honduras/El Salvador breaks diplomatic relations due to soccer match
  • 1969-07-14 "Futbol War" between El Salvador and Honduras begins
  • 1979-10-15 Military coup in El Salvador: President Carlos Romero flees
  • 1980-10-30 Honduras and El Salvador sign a peace treaty ending the "Football War"
  • 1980-12-02 4 American Maryknoll nuns killed by death squads in El Salvador
  • 1981-01-10 El Salvador guerrilla group FMLN opens "general offensive"

Historic Event

1981-11-16 President Reagan decides on a covert plan to block the Cuban aid to Nicaragua and El Salvador

  • 1981-11-20 El Salvador guerrilla group FMLN opens "limited offensive"
  • 1981-12-10 -13] El Salvador army kills 900
  • 1982-03-17 4 Dutch TV crew members shot dead in El Salvador
  • 1982-03-28 JN Duartes' Christian Democrats win elections in El Salvador
  • 1982-04-29 Alfredo Magana elected President of El Salvador
  • 1982-04-30 Alvaro Magana chosen to succeed Jose N Duarte as President of El Salvador
  • 1983-01-21 President Reagan certifies El Salvador human-rights abuses have decreased making country eligible for US military aid
  • 1983-12-20 El Salvador adopts constitution
  • 1984-05-06 Jose Napoleon Duarte wins El Salvador presidential election
  • 1985-03-31 El Salvador's President José Napoleón Duarte' Christian Democratic Party wins election
  • 1986-10-10 7.5 Earthquake strikes San Salvador, El Salvador
  • 1988-02-16 1st documented combat action by US military advisors in El Salvador
  • 1989-11-05 US plays El Salvador in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup
  • 1989-11-16 Six Jesuit priests including Ignacio Ellacuría and two others are assassinated killed by Salvadoran army - one of the most notorious acts of the Salvadoran civil war
  • 1993-11-18 27 killed at prison in Morazan, El Salvador
  • 1994-03-20 El Salvador's 1st presidential election following 12-year-old civil war
  • 1994-04-24 Armando Calderon Sol wins El Salvador presidential election
  • 2001-01-13 Earthquake measuring magnitude 7.6 strikes El Salvador, killing more than 840 people
  • 2001-02-13 An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter Scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 400.
  • 2013-12-29 Chaparrastique volcano erupts in El Salvador
  • 2014-06-02 Former Liberation Front guerilla fighter Salvador Sánchez Cerén, 69, is sworn in as president in El Salvador
  • 2016-01-23 Zika virus outbreak in Brazil prompts Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador and Jamaica to recommend women delay pregnancies for up to 2 years

Famous Birthdays

  • 1900-03-04 Roberto Soundy, Salvadorean trap shooter (Olympic-1968), born in San Salvador, El Salvador
  • 1917-08-15 Oscar Romero, El Salvador Roman catholic priest who was murdered, born in Ciudad Barrios, El Salvador (d. 1980)
  • 1925-11-25 Jose Napoleon Duarte, president El Salvador
  • 1947-11-22 Alfredo Cristiani, president of El Salvador (1989-94)

Famous Deaths

  • 1982-03-17 Hans ter Laag, Dutch sound technician, murdered in El Salvador
  • 1982-03-17 Jan Kuiper, Dutch news editor (IKON), murdered in El Salvador
  • 1982-03-17 Joop Willemsen, Dutch cameraman, murdered in El Salvador
  • 1982-03-17 Koos Koster, Dutch newscaster (IKON), murdered in El Salvador
  • 1991-02-28 Guillermo Ungo, member of El Salvador junta (1979-80), dies
  • 1992-02-20 Roberto D'Aubuisson, El Salvadorian founder (ARENA), dies
  • 1993-03-31 Jose Maria Lemus, president of El Salvador (1956-60), dies
  • 1993-10-25 Francisco Velis, El Salvador guerilla leader (FMLN), murdered
  • 1993-10-30 Hernan Heleno Castro, El Salvadorian guerilla leader, murdered
  • 1994-11-26 Arturo Rivera Damas, archbishop of El Salvador (1980-94), dies at 71
  • 2003-02-28 Fidel Sánchez Hernández, President of El Salvador (b. 1917)