Ethiopian History

Ethiopia: Addis Ababa

Historical Events

  • 1332-02-18 Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.
  • 1531-10-28 Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia falls under Imam Ahmad's control.
  • 1541-07-09 Estevão da Gama departs Massawa, leaving behind 400 matchlock men and 150 slaves under his brother Christovão da Gama, with orders to help the Emperor of Ethiopia defeat Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi who has invaded his Empire
  • 1542-02-02 Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Muslim-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.
  • 1543-02-11 Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian and Portuguese troops beat Muslim army
  • 1561-07-02 Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz
  • 1608-03-18 Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1842-02-07 Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien
  • 1855-02-11 Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam

Ethiopian Emperor Commits Suicide

1868-04-13 Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor Tewodros II commits suicide

  • 1872-01-12 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, 1st imperial coronation in Axum in over 200 years
  • 1875-11-16 Battle of Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • 1876-03-07 Battle at Gura: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • 1889-03-12 Battle at Metema (Gallabad): Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated
  • 1895-03-25 Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

Battle of Interest

1895-12-08 Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian Emperor Menelik II drives Italian General Baratieri out

  • 1896-03-01 Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia, killing two generals and capturing General Matteo Albertone
  • 1897-06-28 Marquis C de Bonchamps' expedition reaches Gore Ethiopia
  • 1897-09-11 After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom
  • 1906-07-04 Great Britain, France, and Italy declare independence of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), but all lay claim to their own 'spheres of influence' in that land
  • 1914-06-27 US signs treaty of commerce with Ethiopia
  • 1916-09-27 Emperor Lidj Jasu of Ethiopia flees a palace coup by his aunt Zauditu
  • 1916-10-27 Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari abte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
  • 1923-09-28 Abyssinia (Ethiopia) leaves League of Nations

Treaty of Interest

1928-08-02 Benito Mussolini signs peace treaty with Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

Historic Event

1930-04-02 Ras Tafari Makonnen becomes Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

  • 1930-11-02 Coronation of Ras Tafari Makonnen as Haile Selassie I, 225th Emperor of Ethiopian Solmonic Dynasty
  • 1932-04-17 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia ends slavery
  • 1934-11-23 An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
  • 1935-10-02 Mussolini's Italian army attacks Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • 1935-10-03 Italy invades Ethiopia, starting the Second Italo-Ethiopian War
  • 1935-12-30 Italian bombers destroy Swedish Red Cross unit in Ethiopia
  • 1936-05-01 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie leaves Ethiopia as Italy invades
  • 1936-05-09 Italy takes Addis Abba, annexing Absynnia (Ethiopia)
  • 1940-12-06 Pietro Badoglio resigns as viceroy of Ethiopia
  • 1941-03-07 British troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • 1941-04-06 Italian forces holding Addis Ababa surrender to British & Ethiopian forces
  • 1941-05-16 Italian army under Aosta surrenders to Britain at Amba Alagi, Ethiopia
  • 1941-05-18 Italian army in Ethiopia under general Aosta surrenders to Britain
  • 1941-11-18 Mussolini's forces leave Abyssinia/Ethiopia
  • 1944-04-04 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
  • 1950-11-25 UN gives Eritrea to Ethiopia
  • 1952-09-15 UN turns over Eritrea to Ethiopia
  • 1961-03-31 Aklilou Habtewold becomes 1st premier of Ethiopia
  • 1961-09-01 The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate
  • 1966-04-21 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie visits Kingston, Jamaica
  • 1974-02-22 Ethiopian police shoot at demonstrators
  • 1974-02-28 Ethiopian government of Makonnen forms
  • 1974-03-07 1st general strike in Ethiopia
  • 1974-06-29 Military coup in Ethiopia
  • 1974-09-12 Coup overthrows Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie on Ethiopia's national day
  • 1974-11-23 60 Ethiopia government officials executed
  • 1974-11-24 Most complete early human skeleton (Lucy, Australopithecus) discovered by Donald Johanson, Maurice Taieb, Yves Coppens and Tim White in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia's Afar Depression [1] [2]
  • 1974-12-20 Ethiopia becomes socialist one-party state
  • 1975-03-21 Ethiopia abolishes its monarchy after 3,000 years
  • 1975-04-29 Ethiopia nationalizes all land
  • 1975-08-23 Ethiopian junta under Mengistu Haile
  • 1977-09-07 Ethiopia drops diplomatic relations with Somalia
  • 1978-02-07 Ethiopian offensive in Ogaden desert
  • 1984-09-12 Ethiopia forms socialist republic
  • 1984-10-23 NBC airs BBC footage of Ethiopian famine
  • 1984-11-18 The Soviet Union helps deliver American wheat during the Ethiopian famine
  • 1985-01-03 Israel government confirms resettlement of 10,000 Ethiopian Jews
  • 1985-01-13 Express train derails in Ethiopia, killing at least 428
  • 1987-09-12 Ethiopia adopts constitution
  • 1988-04-03 Somalia & Ethiopia sign accord about Ogaden desert
  • 1988-04-17 Ethiopian Belayneh Densimo runs world record marathon (2:06:50)
  • 1989-04-17 93rd Boston Marathon: Abebe Mekonen of Ethiopia takes men's race in 2:09:06; Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway wins her 2nd women's title in 2:24:33
  • 1989-08-07 U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia
  • 1991-05-21 Ethiopia's Marxist president (Mengistu Haile Mariam) resigns
  • 1991-05-25 Israel evacuates 14,000 Ethiopian Jews
  • 1991-05-28 Ethiopian rebels seize Addis Ababa
  • 1992-02-16 Ethiopia finds the remains of former Emperor Haile Selassie on the grounds of the Imperial Palace, under the private lavatory of dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam, who overthrew the Emperor
  • 1993-04-23 Eritrea votes to secede from Ethiopia
  • 1993-05-24 Eritrea achieved independence from Ethiopia after 30-year civil war
  • 1994-03-31 The Journal Nature reports the finding in Ethiopia of the first complete Australopithecus afarensis skull
  • 1996-11-17 Time White and T. Assebework discover the first fossils of 2.5 million year old Australopithecus garhi, an ancestor on the human family tree, in Bouri, Middle Awash, Ethiopia
  • 1997-04-21 101st Boston Marathon: Lameck Aguta of Kenya wins men's event in 2:10:34; Fatuma Roba of Ethiopia women's champion in 2:26:23
  • 1997-11-20 Yohannes Haile-Selassie discovers the partial skull of a 2.5 million year old human ancestor, confirming and establishing the new species Australopithecus garhi, in Bouri, Middle Awash, Ethiopia
  • 1998-04-20 102nd Boston Marathon: Moses Tanui of Kenya wins men's title in 2:07:34; Fatuma Roba of Ethiopia wins back-to-back women's events in 2:23:21
  • 1999-04-19 103rd Boston Marathon: Joseph Chebet of Kenya takes men's title in 2:09:52; 3-peat for Fatuma Roba of Ethiopia in women's race in 2:23:25
  • 2000-11-05 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie is laid to rest 25 years after his death after a funeral procession through Addis Ababa

Historic Event

2002-07-09 The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.

  • 2005-04-18 109th Boston Marathon: Hailu Negussie of Ethiopia claims men's section in 2:11:44; Catherine Ndereba of Kenya wins back-to-back races and 4th overall women's title in 2:25:12
  • 2005-04-25 Final piece of the Obelisk of Axum is returned to Ethiopia after being stolen by the invading Italian army in 1937
  • 2008-04-21 112th Boston Marathon: 3rd straight men's title for Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot of Kenya in 2:07:45; Dire Tune of Ethiopia women's winner in 2:25:25
  • 2009-04-20 113th Boston Marathon: Deriba Merga of Ethiopia wins men's event in 2:08:42; Salina Kosgei of Kenya women's champion in 2:32:16
  • 2010-01-25 Ethiopian Airlines Flight 409 crashes into the Mediterranean Sea shortly after take-off from Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport, killing all 90 people on-board.
  • 2010-04-19 114th Boston Marathon: Robert Kiprono Cheruiyot of Kenya wins 4th men's title in 2:05:52; Teyba Erkesso of Ethiopia women's champion in 2:26:11
  • 2012-03-13 19 people are shot dead in a bus attack in Ethiopia
  • 2012-07-28 18 people are killed and 11 injured in ethnic clashes in Ethiopia
  • 2013-04-15 117th Boston Marathon: Lelisa Desisa Benti of Ethiopia men's winner in 2:10:22; Rita Jeptoo of Kenya wins women's section in 2:26:25
  • 2013-10-07 Mulatu Teshome becomes president of Ethiopia
  • 2014-05-05 China announces it will upgrade Ethiopia's infrastructure in an effort to improve a China-Africa strategic partnership
  • 2015-04-20 119th Boston Marathon: Lelisa Desisa Benti of Ethiopia wins men's race in 2:09:17; Caroline Rotich of Kenya women's champion in 2:24:55

Sports History

2015-04-26 35th London Marathon: Kenyan Eliud Kipchoge & Ethiopian Tigist Tufa win

  • 2015-06-15 Remains of a 2,000 year old women dubbed "the sleeping beauty" are announced discovered in Northern Ethiopia from ancient kingdom of Aksum

Famous Birthdays

  • 1273-07-15 Ewostatewos, Ethiopian monk and religious leader (d. 1352)
  • 1471-07-15 Eskender, Emperor of Ethiopia (d. 1494)
  • 1810-01-03 Antoine T. d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1897)
  • 1815-07-24 Arnaud-Michel d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1893)

Menelik II

1844-08-17 Menelik II, Emperor of Ethiopia (1889-1913) and Negus/King of Shewa (1866–89), born in Angolalla, Ethiopia (d. 1913)

Victor Emmanuel III

1869-11-11 Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy (1900-46), Emperor of Ethiopia and King of the Albanians, born in Naples (d. 1947)

  • 1876-04-29 Zewditu, Empress of Ethiopia (1916-30), born in Werreyimenu, Wollo, Ethiopia (d. 1930)
  • 1882-08-11 Rodolfo Graziani, Italian Marshal, fascist and Viceroy of Italian East Africa, born in Filettino, Italy (d. 1955)

Haile Selassie

1892-07-23 Haile Selassie [Ras Tafari Makonnen], Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-74), born in Ejersa Goro, Ethiopian Empire (d. 1975)

  • 1895-12-16 Lidj Jasu, emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1898-10-21 Amedeo duke of Aosta, viceroy of Ethiopia/gov-gen of Italian East-Africa
  • 1916-07-27 Amha Selassie, Crown prince of Ethiopia and son of emperor Haile Selassi, born in Harar, Ethiopian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1931-11-28 Dervla Murphy, Irish travel author (Full Tilt, In Ethiopia with a Mule), born in Lismore, Ireland
  • 1932-06-12 Mamo Wolde, Ethiopian marathoner (Olympic gold 1968), born in Ada'a, Oromo, Ethiopia (d. 2002)
  • 1941-05-08 Mahmoud Ahmed, Ethiopian singer, born in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia [some sources cite May 18]
  • 1944-05-15 Miruts Yifter 'Yifter the Shifter', Ethiopian runner (Olympic golds 1980), born in Adigrat (d. 2016)
  • 1946-12-30 Patti Smith, American poet and punk rock vocalist (Horses; "Because The Night"), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1951-02-10 Zeudi Araya, Asmara Ethiopia, Miss Ethiopia (1969)
  • 1953-09-06 Mohamed Kedir, Ethiopian 10k runner (Olympic bronze 1980), born in Ethiopia
  • 1955-05-09 Meles Zenawi, Ethiopian politician (President, 1991-95; Prime Minister, 1995-2012), born in Adwa, Ethiopian Empire (d. 2012)
  • 1973-04-18 Haile Gebrselassie, Ethiopian 10k runner (Olympic gold 1996), born in Asella, Arsi Province, Ethiopia
  • 1978-12-08 Anwar Siraj, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1980-01-03 Liya Kebede, Ethiopian model
  • 1981-10-28 Solomon Andargachew, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1982-06-13 Kenenisa Bekele, Ethiopian athlete (Olympic gold 10,000m 2004, 08; 5,000m 2008; World C'ship gold 10,000m 2003, 05, 07, 09; 5,000m 2009; 11 x World Cross Country gold), born in Bekoji, Ethiopia
  • 1982-08-20 Youssouf Hersi, Ethiopian football midfielder, born in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
  • 1983-02-07 Teshome Getu, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1984-03-28 Yordanos Abay, Ethiopian footballer

Famous Deaths

  • 1352-09-15 Ewostatewos, Ethiopian monk and religious leader (b. 1273)
  • 1413-10-06 Dawit I, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1382)
  • 1478-11-19 Emperor Baeda Maryam of Ethiopia (b. 1448)
  • 1508-07-31 Na'od, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1494)
  • 1540-09-02 Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1501)
  • 1559-03-23 Emperor Gelawdewos of Ethiopia (killed in battle) (b. 1521/1522)
  • 1563-02-01 Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia, dies of fever
  • 1597-10-04 Sarsa Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1550)
  • 1632-09-17 Susenyos I, Emperor of Ethiopia (1606-1632), dies at around 60
  • 1667-10-18 Fasilides, Emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1706-10-13 Iyasu I, the Great, Emperor of Ethiopia (1682-1706) (b. 1654)
  • 1708-07-01 Emperor Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia (b. 1706)
  • 1708-09-07 Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia (1706-08), stabbed to death by courtiers at 24
  • 1711-10-14 Tewoflos, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1708)
  • 1773-06-27 Mentewab, dowager Empress of Ethiopia (b. circa 1706)
  • 1779-06-23 Ras Mikael Sehul, warlord of Ethiopia (b. about 1691)
  • 1813-09-13 Hezqeyas, Emperor of Ethiopia (1789-94), dies
  • 1816-05-28 Ras Wolde Selassie, Ethiopian warlord and Regent of the Ethiopian Empire
  • 1817-12-12 Emperor Tekle Giyorgis I of Ethiopia, (b. about 1751)
  • 1818-06-12 Egwale Seyon, Emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1825-05-23 Ras Gugsa of Yejju, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1868-04-13 Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, commits suicide at 50
  • 1889-03-10 Yohannes IV [Kasa], Emperor of Ethiopia (1872-89), dies in battle
  • 1893-11-13 Arnaud-Michel d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), dies at 78
  • 1896-06-02 Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer and ambassador in Abyssinia, dies at 65
  • 1897-03-19 Antoine T. d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), dies at 87

Menelik II

1913-12-12 Menelik II, Emperor of Ethiopia (1889-1913) and Negus/King of Shewa (1866–89), dies at 69

  • 1930-04-01 Zawditu, 1st reigning female monarch of Ethiopia, dies
  • 1930-04-02 Zewditu, Empress of Ethiopia (1916-30), dies at 53
  • 1935-11-07 Lidj Jasu, emperor of Ethiopia, dies at 39
  • 1942-03-03 Amedeo, Duke of Aosta, viceroy (Ethiopia), dies at 43

Haile Selassie

1975-08-27 Haile Selassie [Ras Tafari Makonnen], Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-74), dies of suspected assassination by strangulation at 83

  • 1989-08-07 Mickey Leland, American politician (Rep-D-Texas 1979-89), dies with 15 others in plane crash in Ethiopia at 44
  • 1997-01-17 Amha Selassie, Crown prince of Ethiopia and son of emperor Haile Selassi, dies at 82
  • 2002-05-26 Mamo Wolde, Ethiopian marathoner (Olympic gold 1968), dies at 69
  • 2012-08-20 Meles Zenawi, Ethiopian politician (President, 1991-95; Prime Minister, 1995-2012), dies from liver cancer at 57