Finnish History

Historical Events

  • 1156-01-20 According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of Lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland
  • 1245-02-21 Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland, is granted resignation after having confessed to torture and forgery
  • 1605-08-08 The city of Oulu, Finland, is founded by Charles IX of Sweden.
  • 1771-10-09 The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland.
  • 1808-05-03 Finnish War: Sweden loses the fortress of Sveaborg to Russia
  • 1808-09-13 Finnish War: In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero.
  • 1809-03-29 King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
  • 1809-09-17 Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  • 1835-02-28 Dr Elias L"nnrot publishes Finnish poem "Kalevala"
  • 1848-05-13 First performance of Finland's national anthem
  • 1854-05-05 British Commodore James Plumridge attacks Finnish settlements in Gulf of Bothnia, killing civilans and destroying British-owned goods.
  • 1857-09-23 Russian warship Leffort disappears in a storm in the Gulf of Finland; 826 die
  • 1900-02-14 Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country
  • 1900-06-26 The Russian Tsar orders that Russian must be the official language of Finland, despite growing unrest within Finland and increasing international concern over Russia's behavior there

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900-07-02 Jean Sibelius' "Finlandia" premieres in Helsinki

Composer Jean Sibelius
Composer
Jean Sibelius
  • 1904-06-16 Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland

  • 1906-03-07 Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor
  • 1906-09-16 Kaarlo Nieminen wins 1st Finnish marathon
  • 1907-03-15 Finland is 1st European country to give women the right to vote
  • 1907-05-23 The single chamber Parliament of Finland gathers for its first plenary session.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909-02-23 Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917-04-16 [OS Apr 3] Lenin arrives back from exile in Russia at Finland Station, Petrograd to join the Russian Revolution

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1917-12-06 Taking advantage of the temporary relaxation of authority in Russia, Finland declares itself a republic, following the Ukraine on 20 November
  • 1917-12-18 The Soviet government issues a decree recognizing Finland's newly-declared independence [N.S. December 31]
  • 1918-01-01 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
  • 1918-01-12 Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
  • 1918-01-14 Finland and USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • 1918-01-19 Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard
  • 1918-01-27 The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
  • 1918-01-28 Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
  • 1918-02-10 In Finland, General Carl G. Von Mannerheim gathers an army known as the 'White Guard' to mount a counter revolution against the Bolshevik 'Red Guard'
  • 1918-02-22 Germany claims Baltic states, Finland & Ukraine from Russia
  • 1918-03-07 World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany
  • 1918-05-15 The Finnish Civil War ends
  • 1918-12-16 German troops evacuate Finland, give over Kiev in the Ukraine to revolutionary forces and pull back from Estonia as Bolshevik forces move in

  • 1919-06-06 Finland declares war on bolsheviks
  • 1919-07-17 Finland adopts constitution
  • 1920-10-14 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
  • 1931-02-16 Extreme right wing Pehr Evind Svinhufvud becomes President of Finland
  • 1932-01-21 USSR and Finland stop non-attack treaty
  • 1932-02-29 Failed coup attempt by fascist Lapua Movement in Finland
  • 1938-07-20 IOC awards Helsinki, Finland 1940 Summer Olympic Games after Tokyo, Japan withdraws (Second Sino-Japanese War)
  • 1938-09-03 1940 Olympic site is changed from Tokyo, Japan to Helsinki, Finland because of the Second Sino-Japanese War; WWII causes eventual cancellation
  • 1939-11-26 4 soviet soldiers killed on Finnish-Russian border
  • 1939-11-28 Soviet government revokes Russian-Finnish non-aggression treaty
  • 1939-11-29 USSR drops diplomatic relations with Finland
  • 1939-11-30 USSR invades Finland, bombs Helsinki
  • 1939-12-14 Soviet Union attacks Finland-League of Nations drops Soviet Union
  • 1939-12-18 Finnish army recaptures Agläjärvi
  • 1939-12-19 Russian air & ground attack against Finnish positions near Summa
  • 1939-12-22 Finnish counter offensive at Petsamo
  • 1939-12-23 Finnish counter offensive at Summa
  • 1940-01-05 Finnish offensive at Suomossalmi against Russia
  • 1940-01-12 World War II: Soviets bombs cities in Finland.
  • 1940-02-01 Soviet Union begins new offensive against Finland

  • 1940-02-22 Finnish troops vacate Koivisto island
  • 1940-02-29 Finland initiates Winter War peace negotiations
  • 1940-03-02 Soviet armies conquer Tuppura Island, Finland
  • 1940-03-12 Finland signs the Moscow Peace Treaty in Moscow, surrendering to Russia and ceding 11% of their pre-WWII territory, ending the "Winter War"
  • 1940-03-13 Finland-Russian cease fire signed, the Winter War ends. Finland gives up Karelische
  • 1940-03-31 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes 12th Soviet republic (until 1956)
  • 1941-06-25 Finland declares war on Soviet Union
  • 1941-06-25 Finland enters WW2 against the USSR following a massive airstrike the previous day
  • 1941-07-10 Continuation War: Finland invades East Karelia as hostilities with the Soviet Union resume following the German invasion in June
  • 1941-11-25 Finland joined the Anti-Komintern Pact.
  • 1944-09-04 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany
  • 1944-09-19 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War)
  • 1945-03-04 Finland declares war on Nazi Germany
  • 1947-02-10 Province of Petsamo returned to Soviet Union by Finland
  • 1950-02-01 Urko Kekkonen elected president of Finland
  • 1952-07-19 XV Summer Olympic Games open in Helsinki, Finland
  • 1954-04-19 58th Boston Marathon won by Veikko Karvonen of Finland in 2:20:39
  • 1955-12-14 16 countries join the United Nations, including Austria, Finland, Italy, and Spain
  • 1956-01-26 Porkkala military base returned to Finland by USSR
  • 1956-02-15 Urho Kekkonen appointed president of Finland

  • 1956-04-16 60th Boston Marathon won by Antti Viskari of Finland in race record 2:14:14
  • 1956-07-16 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes part of Russian SFSR
  • 1958-12-04 Finnish government of Fagerholm resigns
  • 1959-04-20 63rd Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:22:42
  • 1960-04-18 64th Boston Marathon won by Paavo Kotila of Finland in 2:20:54
  • 1961-04-17 65th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:39; his 2nd event title
  • 1961-07-14 Finland's Miettunen government forms
  • 1962-04-16 66th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:48; second straight win and 3rd title overall
  • 1969-11-17 SALT-discussions open in Helsinki Finland
  • 1972-04-17 76th Boston Marathon: Olavi Suomalainen of Finland wins men's race in 2:15:39; American Nina Kuscsik takes inaugural women's title in 3:10:26; first year women's race officially sanctioned
  • 1982-01-26 Mauno Koivisto elected president of Finland
  • 1982-01-27 Mauno Koivisto installed as President of Finland
  • 1982-07-31 Finland, Italy, Germany, Austria and France form American European Football Federation (AEFF)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983-03-11 Ice Dance Championship at Helsinki, Finland won by Jayne Torvill & Christopher Dean (Great Britain)

Ice Dancer Christopher Dean
Ice Dancer
Christopher Dean
Ice Dancer Jayne Torvill
Ice Dancer
Jayne Torvill
  • 1983-08-07 Grete Waitz of Norway wins inaugural women's marathon at the 1st world athletics championships in Helsinki, Finland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983-11-19 Jari Kurri becomes the first (and only) Finnish player to score five goals in a game

NHL Star Jari Kurri
NHL Star
Jari Kurri
  • 1985-03-17 Matti Nykanen of Finland set a world ski jump record of 623'
  • 1987-09-02 Trial begins in Moscow for West German pilot Mathias Rust, who flew a private plane from Finland to Moscow, USSR
  • 1991-05-06 Seppo Raty of Finland sets javelin record to 301' 9"
  • 1991-06-02 Seppo Raty of Finland improves his world javelin record to 318' 1"
  • 1994-02-06 Martti Ahtisaari elected President of Finland
  • 1994-03-01 Martti Ahtisaari inaugurated as president of Finland
  • 1995-01-01 Austria, Finland & Sweden act to join European Union
  • 1995-03-19 Finnish Social Democratic Party wins parliamentary election

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 287

  • 1526-11-01 Catherine Jagellion, Polish princess and queen of Sweden as the wife of John III of Sweden, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1583)
  • 1694-10-26 Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer, conductor and violinist, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1758)
  • 1760-06-05 Johan Gadolin, Finnish chemist (discovered yttrium), born in Turku, Finland (d. 1852)
  • 1803-05-24 Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish zoologist, born in Kotka, Finland (d. 1866)
  • 1804-02-05 Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Finland, poet
  • 1806-05-12 Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish journalist, statesman and nationalist, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1881)
  • 1807-04-01 Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic
  • 1811-03-03 Vissarion Belinsky, Sveaborg Finland, Russian author (Literary Review)
  • 1818-01-14 Zacharias Topelius, Finnish historical novelist (Surgeon's Stories), born in Nykarleby, Finland (d. 1898)
  • 1826-08-07 August Ahlqvist, Finnish poet (Suomalainen Runousoppi), born in Kuopio, Finland (d. 1889)
  • 1828-01-03 Karl Collan, Finnish composer
  • 1834-10-10 Aleksis Kivi, Finnish writer and poet (Nummisuutarit), born in Nurmijärvi, Grand Duchy of Finland (d. 1872)
  • 1844-03-19 Minna Canth, Finland, playwright (The Pastor's Family) and social activist
  • 1846-11-10 Martin Wegelius, Finnish musicologist and composer, born in Helsinki, Finland (d. 1906)
  • 1858-07-10 Karl Flodin, Finnish composer and critic, born in Vassa (d. 1925)
  • 1864-03-18 Karl M Lybeck, Finnish/Swedish language poet (Samlade Arbeten)
  • 1865-01-28 Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first president of Finland (d. 1952)

Person of interestJean Sibelius

1865-12-08 Jean Sibelius, Finnish composer (Valse Triste, Finlandia), born in Tavastehus, Finland (d. 1957)

Composer Jean Sibelius
Composer
Jean Sibelius
  • 1866-06-04 Miina Sillanpää, Finnish first female minister and a key figure in the workers' movement, born in Jokioinen, Finland (d. 1952)
  • 1867-06-04 Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, Finnish general and 6th President of Finland (1944-46), born in Askainen, Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1867-12-05 Antti Aarne, Finnish folklorist, born in Pori, Finland (d. 1925)
  • 1869-08-14 Armas Järnefelt, Finnish conductor and composer (Berceuse), born in Vyborg, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1870-11-27 Juho Kusti Paasikivi, Finnish politician (7th President of Finland 1946-56), born in Tampere, Finland (d. 1956)
  • 1872-04-22 Princess Margaret of Prussia, Queen consort-elect of Finland, born in New Palace, Potsdam, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1954)
  • 1873-08-20 Eliel Saarinen, Finnish-American architect (GM Tech Institute, Mich), born in Rantasalmi, Finland (d. 1950)
  • 1873-10-22 Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finland-Swedish linguist and diplomat, born in Ekenäs, Finland (d. 1950)
  • 1874-12-12 Volter Kilpi, Finnish writer (Alastalon salissa), born in Kustavi, Finland (d. 1939)
  • 1878-02-16 Selim Palmgren, Finnish pianist and composer (Daniel Hjort), born in Pori, Finland (d. 1951)
  • 1878-07-06 Eino Leino, Finnish poet, born in Paltamo, Finland (d. 1926)
  • 1878-08-02 Aino Kallas, Finnish writer (White Ship, Estonian Tales), born in Kiiskilä, Viipuri Province, Grand Duchy of Finland (d. 1956)
  • 1880-03-23 Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (d. 1922)
  • 1881-03-12 Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist (d. 1923)
  • 1881-10-05 Otto V. Kuusinen, Finnish politician (founder of the Finnish Communist Party), born in Laukaa, Finland (d. 1964)
  • 1883-05-31 Lauri Kristian Relander, 2nd President of Finland (1925-31), born in Kurkijoki, Finland (d. 1942)
  • 1883-07-07 Toivo Kuula, Finnish composer, born in Vehkakoski (d. 1918)
  • 1888-10-26 Runar Schildt, Finnish writer (Segrande Eros), born in Helsinki (d. 1925)
  • 1888-12-15 Artturi Leinonen, Finnish journalist and writer (Kati), born in Ylihärmä, Finland (d. 1963)
  • 1889-02-03 Risto Ryti, Finnish premier/president
  • 1889-12-09 Hannes Kolehmainen, Finnish long-distance runner (Olympic gold 1912), born in Kuopio, Finland (d. 1966)
  • 1890-02-18 Lauri SA Haarla, Finnish (stage)writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja)
  • 1890-08-09 Eino Kaila, Finnish psychologist and philosopher, born in Alajärvi, Finland (d. 1958)
  • 1891-06-18 Hans Ruin, Finnish Swedish-language historian
  • 1893-04-05 Clas Thunberg, Finnish speed skater (Olympic gold 1924, 28), born in Helsinki, Finland (d. 1973)
  • 1893-06-29 Aarre Merikanto, Finnish composer (Lemminkäinen; Juha; Schott Concerto), born in Helsinki, Grand Duchy of Finland (d. 1958)
  • 1895-01-15 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1896-01-20 Elmer Diktonius, Finnish poet, composer, and musicologist (Janne Kubrik; Stenkol), born in Helsinki (d. 1961)

Person of interestPaavo Nurmi

1897-06-13 Paavo Nurmi, Finnish middle & long distance runner (9 Olympic gold 1920, 24, 28), born in Turku, Finland (d. 1973)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1898-02-03 Alvar Aalto, Finland, architect (Finlandia House)
  • 1898-09-30 Felix Kersten, Baltic-German Finnish masseuse (masseuse to Heinrich Himmler who helped save people from Nazi persecution), born in Tartu, Imperial Russia (d. 1960)
  • 1899-01-28 Elias Simojoki, Finnish clergyman and politician (d. 1940)
  • 1900-09-03 Urho Kekkonen, 8th President of Finland (1956-81), born in Pielavesi, Finland (d. 1986)
  • 1900-10-30 Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist (Nobel 1967 - discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye), born in Helsinge, Finland (d. 1991)
  • 1901-03-29 Uuno Kailas, Finnish poet, born in Heinola, Finland (d. 1933)
  • 1901-08-15 Sulho Ranta, Finnish composer, born in Peräseinäjoki, Finland (d. 1960)
  • 1902-05-11 Kaarlo Sarkia, Finnish poet (Unen Kaivo)
  • 1902-09-10 Toivo R Pekkanen, Finnish writer (Wegwerkers)
  • 1902-09-21 Ilmari Salminen, Finnish athlete (Olympic gold 10,000m 1936), born in Elimäki, Finland (d. 1986)
  • 1904-02-14 Hertha Kuusinen, Finnish communist
  • 1904-06-12 Eino Roiha, Finnish composer, born in Vyborg (d. 1955)
  • 1904-09-06 Arvi Kivimaa, Finnish writer (Groenende Cross), born in Hartola, Finland (d. 1984)
  • 1905-12-17 Simo Häyhä, Finnish sniper (d. 2002)
  • 1907-09-28 Heikki Savolainen, Finland, pommel horse gymnast (Olympic gold 1948)
  • 1908-02-13 Sulo Nurmela, Finland, 4 X 100K relay skier (Olympic gold 1936)
  • 1909-02-18 Matti Jarvinen, Finland, javelin thrower (Olympic gold 1932)
  • 1909-10-07 Anni Blomqvist, Finnish novelist (d. 1990)
  • 1910-08-20 Eero Saarinen, Finnish-American architect (IBM Building, MIT Chapel), born in Kirkkonummi, Finland (d. 1961)
  • 1912-01-03 Armand Lohikoski, Finnish director (d. 2005)

Person of interestTove Jansson

1914-08-09 Tove Jansson, Finnish author and illustrator (Moomins), born in Helsinki, Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire (d. 2001)

Author and Illustrator Tove Jansson
Author and Illustrator
Tove Jansson
  • 1914-11-12 Sylvi Saimo, Finland, 500m kayaker (Olympic gold 1952)
  • 1915-03-08 Tapio Rautavaara, Finnish athlete, actor, and singer (Me tulemme taas, Rion yö), born in Pirkkala, Finland (d. 1979)
  • 1917-05-03 George Gaynes, Dutch-Finnish-American singer, stage and screen actor (Tootsie; Police Academy; General Hospital), born in Helsinki, Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire (d. 2016)
  • 1917-12-27 Onni Palaste, Finnish writer
  • 1919-11-11 Kalle Päätalo, Finnish novelist (Iijoki), born in Taivalkoski, Finland (d. 2000)
  • 1920-05-08 Tom of Finland [Touko Laaksonen], Finnish fetish artist, born in Helsinki (d. 1991)
  • 1920-05-17 Lydia Wideman, Finnish cross country skier (first female cross-country Olympic gold 1952), born in Vippula, Finland
  • 1921-12-11 Maila Nurmi [Syrjäniemi], Finnish-American actress (The Vampira Show), born in Gloucester, Massachusetts or Petsamo, Finland (d. 2008)
  • 1923-11-25 Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland (1982-94), born in Turku (d. 2017)
  • 1924-12-14 Siiri Rantanen, Finnish cross country skier (Olympic gold 1956), born in Tohmajärvi, North Karelia, Finland
  • 1925-01-04 Veikko Hakulinen, Finnish cross country skier (Olympic gold 1952, 56, 60), born in Kurkijoki, Finland (d. 2003)
  • 1928-10-09 Einojuhani Rautavaara, Finnish composer (Kaivos), born in Helsinki, Finland (d. 2016)
  • 1928-12-31 Veijo Meri, Finnish writer, born in Viipuri (d. 2015)
  • 1929-04-14 Paavo Berglund, Finnish violinist and conductor (Helsinki Chamber Orchestra; Finnish RSO, 1956-72), born in Helsinki, Finland (d. 2012)
  • 1929-09-10 Pentti Siimes, Finnish actor (Miriam), born in Helsinki, Finland (d. 2016)
  • 1930-03-09 Taina Elg, Finnish-American actress (Hercules in NY, Les Girls), born in Impilahti, Finland
  • 1930-04-10 Spede Pasanen, Finnish film director and comedian, born in Kuopio, Finland (d. 2001)
  • 1931-01-25 Paavo Haavikko, Finnish poet & writer, born in Helsiniki, Finland (d. 2008)
  • 1933-02-05 Jorn Donner, Helsinki Finland, director (Anna, Tenderness)
  • 1934-07-15 Risto Jarva, Finnish filmmaker (d. 1977)
  • 1934-08-20 Armi Kuusela, Finnish beauty queen (1st Miss Universe, 1952), born in Muhos, Finland
  • 1935-02-04 Martti Talvela, Hiitola Karelia Finland, operatic basso
  • 1936-03-09 Elina Salo, Finnish actress (Hamlet Goes Business), born in Sipoo, Finland
  • 1936-06-14 Irmelin Sandman Lilius, Swedish-Finnish writer, born in Helsinki
  • 1936-10-15 Kari Rydman, Finnish composer, born in Helsinki
  • 1937-06-23 Martti Ahtisaari, President of Finland
  • 1938-11-23 Esko Nikkari, Finnish actor
  • 1940-03-12 M.A. Numminen, Finnish singer and writer
  • 1941-04-23 Paavo Lipponen, Prime Minister of Finland (1995-2003), born in Turtola, Finland
  • 1943-03-23 Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish Sami writer (The Sun, My Father) and musician, born in Enontekiö, Finland (d. 2001)
  • 1943-12-24 Tarja Halonen, President of Finland, born in Helsinki, Finland
  • 1945-01-04 Vesa-Matti Loiri, Finnish entertainer

Famous Deaths

  • 1156-01-20 Bishop Henry, patron saint of Finland
  • 1557-04-09 Michael Agricola, Finnish theologist/church reformer/bishop, dies
  • 1758-10-19 Johan H Roman, Finnish/Swedish composer/conductor/violinist, dies
  • 1758-11-20 Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer, conductor and violinist, dies at 64
  • 1779-11-16 Pehr Kalm, Finnish explorer and naturalist (b. 1716)
  • 1852-08-15 Johan Gadolin, Finnish chemist (discovered yttrium), dies at 92
  • 1866-06-25 Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish zoologist, dies at 63
  • 1871-09-12 Karl Collan, Finnish composer, dies at 43
  • 1872-12-31 Aleksis Kivi, Finnish writer and poet (Kanervala), dies at 38
  • 1877-05-06 Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Finnish poet (b. 1804)
  • 1881-02-07 Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic, dies at 73
  • 1881-07-04 Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish statesman (b. 1806)
  • 1889-11-20 August Ahlqvist, Finnish poet (Suomalainen Runousoppi), dies at 63
  • 1897-05-12 Ulrika "Minna" Cant-Johnstown, Finnish playwright, dies at 53
  • 1898-03-12 Zacharias Topelius, Finnish-Swedish writer (b. 1818)
  • 1901-08-12 Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Finnish-Swedish explorer and mineralogist, dies at 68
  • 1904-05-16 N I Bobrikov, Russian governor-general in Finland, dies
  • 1906-03-22 Martin Wegelius, Finnish musicologist and composer, dies at 59
  • 1918-05-18 Toivo Kuula, Finnish composer, dies after being shot in a quarrel at 34
  • 1922-02-14 Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish lawyer and politician (Minister of the Interior), assassinated at 41
  • 1925-02-02 Antti Aarne, Finnish folklorist, dies at 57
  • 1925-09-29 Runar Schildt, Finnish writer (Galgmannen), dies at 36
  • 1925-11-29 Karl Flodin, Finnish composer, dies at 67
  • 1931-03-07 Akseli Gallen-Kallela, Finnish painter known for his illustrations of the Kalevala, the Finnish national epic, dies at 65 [1]
  • 1939-06-13 Volter Kilpi, Finnish writer (Suljetuilla Porteilla), dies at 64
  • 1940-01-25 Elias Simojoki, Finnish clergyman and politician (b. 1899)
  • 1941-11-05 Arndt Pekurinen, Finnish pacifist (b. 1905)
  • 1944-02-29 Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, President of Finland (b. 1861)
  • 1944-05-28 Katri Vala, Finnish poet, dies at 42
  • 1944-10-24 Lauri S A Haarla, Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
  • 1945-11-16 Kaarlo Sarkia, Finnish poet (Kohtalon Vaaka), dies at 43
  • 1948-07-18 Herman Gummerus, Finnish historian and politician (b. 1877)
  • 1950-11-25 Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finland-Swedish linguist and diplomat, dies at 77
  • 1951-01-28 Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, Finnish general and 6th President of Finland (1944-46), dies at 83
  • 1951-12-13 Selim Palmgren, Finnish pianist and composer (Daniel Hjort), dies at 73
  • 1952-09-22 Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first President of Finland (b. 1865)
  • 1952-11-23 Aaro A Hellaakoski, Finnish geographer/poet, dies at 59
  • 1955-10-20 Eino Roiha, Finnish composer, dies at 51
  • 1956-10-25 Risto Ryti, Finnish minister/premier/president, dies at 67
  • 1956-12-14 Juho Kusti Paasikivi, Finnish politician (7th President of Finland 1946-56), dies at 86
  • 1957-05-30 Toivo R Pekkanen, Finnish writer (Black Ecstasy), dies

Person of interestJean Sibelius

1957-09-20 Jean Sibelius, Finnish composer (Valse Triste, Finlandia), dies at 91

Composer Jean Sibelius
Composer
Jean Sibelius
  • 1958-09-29 Aarre Merikanto, Finnish composer (Lemminkäinen; Juha; Schott Concerto), dies at 65
  • 1960-05-05 Sulho Ranta, Finnish composer, dies at 58
  • 1961-09-01 Eero Saarinen, Finnish-American architect (Dulles Airport), dies at 51
  • 1961-09-23 Elmer Diktonius, Finnish poet, composer, and musicologist (Janne Kubrik; Stenkol), dies at 65
  • 1964-05-17 Otto V. Kuusinen, Finnish politician (founder of the Finnish Communist Party), dies at 82
  • 1964-06-03 Frans Eemil Sillanpää, Finnish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1966-01-11 Hannes Kolehmainen, Finnish long-distance runner (Olympic gold 1912), dies at 76
  • 1969-06-23 Volmari Iso-Hollo, Finnish athlete (Olympic gold 3,000m steeplechase 1936), dies at 62
  • 1972-06-12 Edmund Wilson, American writer (To the Finland station), dies at 79
  • 1973-04-28 Clas Thunberg, Finnish speed skater (Olympic gold 1924, 28), dies at 80
  • 1973-05-20 Jarno Saarinen, Finnish motorcycle racer (b. 1945)
  • 1973-11-11 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish Chemist and Nobel laureate, dies at 78
  • 1974-03-19 Hertha Kuusinen, Finnish communist/daughter of Otto K, dies at 70
  • 1976-05-11 Alvar Aalto, Finnish architect (Finlandia House), dies at 78
  • 1977-12-16 Risto Jarva, Finnish filmmaker (b. 1934)
  • 1979-08-26 Mika Waltari, Finnish novelist (Egyptian), dies at 70
  • 1979-09-25 Tapio Rautavaara, Finnish athlete, actor, and singer (Me tulemme taas, Rion yö), dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at 64
  • 1980-05-28 Rolf Nevanlinna, Finnish mathematician (b. 1895)
  • 1982-04-26 Ville Ritola, Finnish 5/10km runner (Olympic gold 1924, 28), dies at 86
  • 1986-05-02 Henri Toivonen, Finnish rally driver (3 x World Rally C'ship round wins for Talbot, Opel, Porsche, Lancia), dies in a rally accident at 29
  • 1986-08-31 Urho Kekkonen, 8th President of Finland (1956-81), dies at 85
  • 1989-07-22 Martti Talvela, Finnish bass (b. 1935)
  • 1990-06-26 Anni Blomqvist, Finnish novelist (b. 1909)
  • 1991-03-12 Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, (Nobel 1967 - discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye), dies at 90
  • 1991-11-07 Tom of Finland [Touko Laaksonen], Finnish fetish artist, dies at 71
  • 1995-04-06 Vieno J Sukselainen, Prime Minister of Finland (1959-61), dies
  • 1996-10-11 Lars Ahlfors, Finnish mathematician (b. 1907)
  • 2000-11-20 Kalle Päätalo, Finnish novelist (Iijoki), dies at 81

Person of interestTove Jansson

2001-06-27 Tove Jansson, Finnish author and illustrator (Moomins), dies at 86

Author and Illustrator Tove Jansson
Author and Illustrator
Tove Jansson
  • 2001-09-07 Spede Pasanen, Finnish film director and comedian, dies at 71
  • 2001-11-26 Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish Sami writer (The Sun, My Father) and musician, dies at 58
  • 2002-01-02 Armi Aavikko, Finnish singer, dies at 43
  • 2002-04-01 Simo Hayha, Finnish marksman (b. 1905)
  • 2003-06-16 Georg Henrik von Wright, Finnish-Swedish philosopher (b. 1916)
  • 2003-08-15 Gösta Sundqvist, Finnish songwriter and singer (heart attack) (b. 1957)
  • 2004-01-16 Kalevi Sorsa, Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1930)
  • 2004-02-26 Adolf Ehrnrooth, Finnish general (b. 1905)
  • 2004-12-26 Aki Sirkesalo, Finnish musician, in 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake (b. 1962)
  • 2005-01-10 Kalevi Hämäläinen, Finnish cross country skier (b. 1932)
  • 2005-03-20 Armand Lohikoski, Finnish film director (b. 1912)
  • 2005-10-15 Matti Wuori, Finnish politician (b. 1945)
  • 2005-11-15 Arto Salminen, Finnish writer (b. 1959)
  • 2006-11-24 Juice Leskinen, Finnish rock singer (b. 1950)
  • 2007-01-02 Mauno Jokipii, Finnish professor & World War II researcher, dies at 82
  • 2007-01-31 Kirka Babitzin, Finnish singer (b. 1950)
  • 2007-12-31 Markku Peltola, Finnish actor and musician (b. 1956)
  • 2008-01-10 Maila Nurmi [Syrjäniemi], Finnish-American actress (The Vampira Show), dies at 85
  • 2009-02-19 Miika Tenkula, Finnish guitarist for the band Sentenced (b.1974)
  • 2009-07-01 Onni Palaste, Finnish writer (b. 1917)
  • 2010-01-08 Tony Halme, Finnish boxer and politician (b. 1963)
  • 2010-03-11 Leena Peltonen-Palotie, Finnish human geneticist (b. 1952)
  • 2011-08-13 Topi Sorsakoski, Finnish musician (b. 1952)
  • 2012-01-25 Paavo Berglund, Finnish violinist and conductor (Helsinki Chamber Orchestra; Finnish RSO, 1956-72) dies aged 82
  • 2013-03-14 Mirja Hietamies, Finnish skier, dies at 82
  • 2015-06-21 Veijo Meri, Finnish writer, dies at 86
  • 2016-07-26 Einojuhani Rautavaara, Finnish composer (Kaivos), dies at 87
  • 2017-05-12 Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland (1982-94), dies at 93