French History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 2,309

  • 0303-09-25 On a voyage preaching the gospel, Saint Fermin of Pamplona is beheaded in Amiens, France.

Victory in Battle

0451-06-20 Battle of the Catalaunian Plains: Roman and Visigoths forces defeat Attila the Hun in north east France, alting Hun invasion of Roman Gaul (exact date disputed)

  • 0506-09-10 35 bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde, shedding light on the moral conditions of the clergy and laity in southern France
  • 0754-07-28 Pope Stephen II, [III] makes Pippin de Korte, King of France
  • 0823-04-05 Pope Peschalis I crowns Lotharius I as co-emperor of France
  • 0843-08-10 Treaty of Verdun: Brothers Lotharius I, Louis the German & Charles the Bald divide France
  • 0881-08-03 Battle at Saucourt: French King Louis III beats the Vikings
  • 0891-09-01 Northmen defeated near Louvaine, France
  • 0921-11-07 Treaty of Bonn: East France & West France recognize each other
  • 0922-06-29 Kingdom of the West Franks crowns Robert I as King of West Francia, after deposing Charles the Simple (Charles III)
  • 0923-06-15 Battle of Soissons: King Robert I of France is killed and King Charles the Simple is arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy
  • 0936-06-19 Louis IV [Louis of Overseas], crowned King of France
  • 0939-10-02 Battle at Andernach: King Otto & Hermann of Zwaben beat Eberhard of France & Giselbert of Lutherans
  • 0954-11-12 Lotharius becomes King of France
  • 0979-06-08 Louis V de Luie, crowned King of France
  • 0987-12-30 French King Hugo Capet crowns his son Robert the compassionate king
  • 0999-04-02 Gerbert of Aurillac elected as 1st French Pope
  • 1027-05-14 Robert II of France names his son Henry I as junior King of the Franks

Historic Event

1059-05-23 Henri I crowns his son King Philip I (called the Amorous) of France

  • 1070-06-04 Roquefort cheese created in a cave near Roquefort, France
  • 1108-08-03 Louis VI, "the Fat One," King of France, crowned at the cathedral in Orléans after his half brother prevents him reaching Reims
  • 1119-06-28 Battle of Sarmada - Emir Ilghazi defeats French Crusaders
  • 1131-10-25 Crowning of Louis VII the Young, King of France
  • 1140-06-03 French scholar Peter Abelard is found guilty of heresy

Historic Siege

1148-07-24 Louis VII of France lays siege to Damascus during the Second Crusade

  • 1180-09-18 Philip Augustus becomes king of France
  • 1194-06-10 Major fire at Chartres Cathedral, France, leads to it rebuilt as the high point of French Gothic style
  • 1198-12-26 French bishop Odo van Sully condemns Zottenfeest

Historic Event

1199-03-25 King Richard I (the Lion Heart) of England, is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France, leads to his death on April 6

  • 1200-05-22 Treaty of Le Goulet signed between France and England

Historic Event

1202-04-28 King Philip II expels King John of England ("Lackland") from France

  • 1204-06-01 King Philip Augustus of France conquers Rouen
  • 1212-06-20 French and Spanish crusaders unite against the Almohaden at Toledo
  • 1214-01-08 Earl Ferrand of Flanders drops ties with France
  • 1214-07-02 Battle of La Roche-aux-Moines (Angers), part of King John of England's attempt to reclaim Normandy from France
  • 1214-07-27 1st battle of Bouvines - King Philip II of France vs Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV and King John of England; as a result John lost Normandy and his other possessions in France (hence his nickname John "Lackland")
  • 1216-05-21 French crown prince Louis enters England, having been invited by barons at war with King John
  • 1217-05-20 Second Battle of Lincoln fought near Lincoln, England, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke
  • 1217-08-24 Battle of South Foreland: English fleet beats France
  • 1217-09-12 French prince Louis & English King Henry III sign peace treaty
  • 1223-07-14 Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II
  • 1249-02-16 Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khan of the Mongols
  • 1250-04-13 The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France captured

Battle of Fariskur

1250-07-03 Louis IX of France is captured by Baibars' Mamluk army at the Battle of Fariskur while he is in Egypt conducting the Seventh Crusade; he later has to ransom himself

  • 1253-07-23 Jews are expelled from Vienne, France by order of Pope Innocent IV
  • 1259-12-04 Treaty of Paris: English King Henry III and French King Louis IX end 100 years of conflict between the Capetian and Plantagenet dynasties
  • 1260-10-24 The spectacular Cathedral of Chartres is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; now a UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • 1269-06-19 King Louis IX of France decrees all Jews must wear a yellow badge in public or be fined 10 livres of silver
  • 1270-10-30 The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis ended by agreement between Charles I of Sicily (brother to King Louis IX of France, who had died months earlier) and the sultan of Tunis.

Historic Event

1275-05-23 King Edward I of England orders cessation of persecution of French Jews

  • 1288-04-24 Jews of Troyes France are accused of ritual murder
  • 1295-07-05 Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England
  • 1296-01-09 Earl Floris V signs accord with French King
  • 1302-05-18 Bruges Matins; the nocturnal massacre of the French garrison in Bruges by local Flemish militia
  • 1302-07-11 Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) near Kortrijk, Belgium. Flemish coalition defeat French army
  • 1303-05-20 Treaty of Paris restores Gascony to the English and arranges marriage of English Prince Edward to French Princess Isabella
  • 1303-09-08 Anagni: French King Philip IV captures Pope Boniface VIII
  • 1304-08-10 -11] Battle at Zierik Sea: Dutch & French fleet beat Flemish fleet
  • 1304-08-11 Sea battle of Zierikzee, Franco-Holland forces defeat Flemish fleet
  • 1305-06-23 French-Flemish peace treaty signed at Athis-sur-Orge
  • 1306-07-22 King Phillip the Fair, orders expulsion of Jews out of France
  • 1307-10-13 French King Philip IV has Grand Master Jacques de Molay and Knights Templar arrested and charged of idolatry and corruption
  • 1310-05-11 Fifty-four members of the Knights Templar are burned at the stake in France for being heretics
  • 1314-03-18 Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake by King Philip IV of France
  • 1315-04-30 French chamberlain Enguerrand de Marigny is hanged on the public gallows at Montfaucon after being convicted of sorcery
  • 1317-01-09 Phillips V, the Tall, crowned King of France
  • 1321-08-21 160 Jews of Chincon France, burned at stake
  • 1322-06-24 Jews are expelled from France for 3rd time
  • 1328-05-29 French King Philip VI of Valois crowned at the Cathedral in Reims, France
  • 1328-08-23 Battle at Kassel: French troops stop uprising of Flemish farmers

Historic Event

1340-01-26 English king Edward III proclaimed king of France

  • 1340-06-24 English fleet destroys the French at the battle of Sluys (the Hundred Years' War)
  • 1340-09-25 England & France sign disarmament treaty
  • 1346-08-26 Battle of Crécy, south of Calais in northern France; Edward III's English longbows defeat Philip VI's army, cannons used for first time in battle
  • 1352-01-06 French King Jean II introduces Order of the Star

Historic Event

1356-09-19 English forces under Edward the Black Prince defeat French at the Battle of Poitiers and capture the French King John II during the Hundred Years' War

  • 1358-05-28 Daint-Leu at Oise begins French boer uprising
  • 1358-06-10 French Jacquerie peasant leader Guillaume Cale captured at the Battle of Mello
  • 1360-03-15 French attack English south coast, raiding Winchelsea
  • 1360-05-08 Treaty of Brétigny signed by English & French, ending the first phase of the Hundred Years' War
  • 1360-12-05 The French Franc is created
  • 1362-04-06 Tard-Venus robber bands strike at Brignais, France
  • 1364-09-29 Battle of Auray, English forces defeat French in Brittany

Victory in Battle

1369-03-14 Battle of Montiel: Peter of Castile (Peter the Cruel) with support from England is defeated by an alliance between the French and his half-brother Henry II

  • 1377-06-29 French raid at Rye, England
  • 1380-11-14 King Charles VI of France crowned at age 12
  • 1382-03-01 Maillotin uprising against taxes in France
  • 1382-11-27 Battle of Westrozebeke/Roosebeke. French army defeats the Flemish army. Flemish leader Philip Van Artevelde killed and corpse displayed
  • 1389-10-30 French King Charles VI visits pope Clemens VII
  • 1390-07-01 French and Genuese armada sails out against barbarian pirates
  • 1392-06-13 Assassination attempt on Olivier de Clisson, Constable of France, by Pierre de Craon fails
  • 1394-09-17 Jews are expelled from France by order of King Charles VI
  • 1394-11-03 Jews are expelled from France by Charles VI

Victory in Battle

1415-10-25 Battle of Agincourt: Henry V's forces defeat larger French army and the longbow defeats the armoured knight

  • 1419-01-19 French city of Rouen surrenders to Henry V in Hundred Years' War
  • 1420-05-21 Treaty of Troyes: Henry V of England and his heirs will inherit the throne of France upon the death of King Charles VI of France (later rendered moot by the military victory of Charles VII)
  • 1421-03-22 Battle of Baugé - French defeat English
  • 1422-10-28 Charles V's son succeeds him as king Charles VII of France
  • 1423-07-31 Hundred Years' War: Battle of Cravant - the French army is defeated by the English on the banks of the river Yonne in Burgundy

Historic Siege

1429-05-07 English siege of Orleans broken by Joan of Arc and the French army


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 2,963

  • 0040-06-13 Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general and Governor of Britain, conquered Wales and Northern England, born in Gallia Narbonensis (Roman province in Southern France) (d. 93)
  • 0582-08-13 Arnulf of Metz, French bishop and saint, born in Lay-Saint-Christophe, France (d. 640)
  • 0801-09-08 Ansgar, German Catholic archbishop and Saint, born in Amiens, France (d. 865)
  • 0823-06-13 Charles II the Bald, King of France (843-77) and Holy Roman emperor (875-77), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 877)
  • 0879-09-17 Charles III "The Simple", King of France (893-923) (d. 929)
  • 0972-03-27 Robert II of France [the Pious, the Wise], King of the Franks (996-1031), born in Orléans, France (d. 1031)
  • 1002-06-21 Pope Leo IX [Bruno, Graf von Egisheim und Dagsburg], Catholic Church's 151st pope (1049-54), born in Egisheim, Alsace, Upper Lorraine, France (d. 1054)
  • 1008-05-04 Henry I, King of the Franks (1031-60), born in Reims, France (d. 1060)
  • 1024-05-13 Hugh of Cluny, French saint, born in Semur-en-Brionnais, Brionnais (d. 1109)
  • 1040-02-22 Rashi, French rabbi (d. 1105)

Philip I

1052-05-23 Philip I of France, King of the Franks (1060-1108), born in Champagne-et-Fontaine, France (d. 1108)

  • 1075-02-16 Ordericus Vitalis, French monk/historian/poet
  • 1081-12-01 Louis VI 'The Fat', King of the Franks (1108-37) (d. 1137)
  • 1102-10-25 William Clito, Count of Flanders (1127-28), born in Rouen, France (d. 1128)
  • 1113-08-24 Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, conquered Normandy, born in Le Mans, France (d. 1151)
  • 1156-10-27 Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse (1194-1222), born in Saint-Gilles, Gard, France (d. 1222)
  • 1160-06-23 John of Matha, French Christian saint and founder of the Order of the Most Holy Trinity dedicated to ransoming Christians captured by North African marauders, born in Faucon-de-Barcelonnette, France (d. 1213)
  • 1160-10-04 Alys, Countess of the Vexin, Daughter of Louis VII of France (d. 1220)
  • 1165-08-21 Philip II Augustus, 1st great Capetian King of France (1179-1223), born in Gonesse, France (d. 1223)
  • 1170-04-05 Isabella of Hainault, Queen of France (1180-90), born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1190)
  • 1187-09-05 Louis VIII [Coeur-de-Lion], King of France (1223-26), born in Paris (d. 1226)
  • 1188-03-04 Blanche of Castile, wife of Louis VIII of France, regent to son Louis IX, born in Palencia, Spain (d. 1252)
  • 1201-10-09 Robert de Sorbon, French theologian and founder of the Sorbonne College, born in Sorbon, France (d. 1274)
  • 1213-03-09 Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader, born in Villaines-en-Duesmois, France (d. 1271)
  • 1214-04-25 Louis IX (Saint Louis), King of France (1226-70), born in Poissy, France (d. 1270)
  • 1220-11-11 Alphonse of Toulouse, son of Louis VIII of France, born in Poissy, France (d. 1271)
  • 1242-06-25 Beatrice of England, Duchess of Brittany, daughter of Henry III of England, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1275)
  • 1244-10-13 Jacques de Molay, French last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, born in Molay, Haute-Saône, France (d. 1314)
  • 1245-04-03 Philips III, King of France (1270-85), born in Poissy, France (d. 1285)
  • 1245-04-30 Philip III "the Bold", King of France (1270-85), born in Poissy, France (d. 1285)
  • 1249-09-04 Amadeus V de Great, Count of Flanders and Savoy, born in Le Bourget-du-Lac, France (d. 1323)
  • 1254-05-13 Maria of Brabant, wife of Philip III and Queen consort of France (1274-85), born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1322)
  • 1270-03-12 Prince Charles, Count of Valois (1284-1325), son of King Philip III of France, founder of the House of Valois, born in France (d. 1325)
  • 1289-10-04 Louis X, King of France (1314-16), born in Paris (d. 1316)
  • 1291-10-31 Philippe de Vitry, French composer and poet, born in Paris (d. 1361)
  • 1315-05-20 Bonne of Luxembourg, wife of John II of France (d. 1349)
  • 1316-11-15 Jean I, King of France and Navarre, (Nov 15-19, 1316), born in Paris (he lived only 5 days)
  • 1319-04-16 John II, the Good, King of France (1350-64), born in Le Mans, France (d. 1364)
  • 1319-09-05 Peter IV, King of Aragon (1336-87), born in Perpignan, France (d. 1387)
  • 1321-09-29 John of Artois, Count of Eu, French soldier (d. 1387)
  • 1326-05-08 Joan I, Countess of Auvergne, queen of France (1350-60) (d. 1360)
  • 1330-09-28 Nicolas Flamel, French alchemist (d. 1418)
  • 1330-10-25 Louis II, Count of Flanders, born in Male Castle, Flanders, France (d. 1384)
  • 1338-01-21 King Charles V, (Charles the Wise), of France (1364-80)
  • 1338-02-03 Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V of France (d. 1378)
  • 1339-07-23 Louis I, Duke of Anjou and King of Naples (Battle at Poitiers), born in Château de Vincennes, France (d. 1384)
  • 1340-11-30 John, Duke of Berry, French art collector and third son of King John II of France and Bonne of Luxemburg, born in Château de Vincennes, France (d. 1416)
  • 1344-09-18 Marie of Valois, Princess of France, born in Château De Saint Germain-En-, Ile-De-France, France (d. 1404)
  • 1363-12-14 Jean de Gerson, French theologian, born in Gerson-lès-Barby, Champagne, France (d. 1429)

Richard II

1367-01-06 Richard II, King of England (1377-99), born in Bordeaux, Kingdom of France (d. 1400)

  • 1368-12-03 Charles VI "the Well-Beloved", King of France (1380-1422), born in Paris, Île-de-France, France (d. 1422)
  • 1371-05-28 John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy (1404-19), born in Rouvres, France (d. 1419)
  • 1372-03-13 Louis I, Duke of Orléans, Brother of Charles VI of France, born in Paris (d. 1407)
  • 1383-09-04 Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoye and last antipope (Felix V, 1439-48), born in Chambéry, France (d. 1451)

Henry V

1387-09-16 Henry V, King of England (1413-22) and France (1416-19), born in Monmouth Castle, Monmouth, Principality of Wales (date disputed) (d. 1422)

  • 1393-08-24 Arthur III, Duke of Brittany, born in Château de Suscinio, Sarzeau, France (d. 1458)
  • 1394-11-24 Charles, Duke of Orléans, French poet (d. 1465)
  • 1397-08-05 Guillaume Dufay, Franco-Flemish composer and theorist (d. 1474)
  • 1401-08-16 Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut, dauphine of France (d. 1436)
  • 1402-11-23 Jean de Dunois "Bastard of Orléans", French soldier who fought with Joan of Arc (d. 1468)
  • 1403-02-22 Charles VII, King of France (1422-61), drove the English out from Northern France, (d. 1461)
  • 1403-06-11 John IV, Duke of Brabant, born in Arras, modern-day France (d. 1427)
  • 1404-10-14 Marie of Anjou, Queen of France (1422-61), born in Angers, France (d. 1463)
  • 1409-03-02 John II, French duke of Alencon/co-fighter of Jeanne d'arc

Joan of Arc

1412-01-15 Joan of Arc, Roman Catholic Saint and national heroine of France (legendary date), born in Domrémy, duchy of Bar, France (d. 1431)

Louis XI

1423-07-03 Louis XI, King of France (1461-83), born in Bourges, France (d. 1483)

Margaret of Anjou

1430-03-23 Margaret of Anjou, wife of King Henry VI of England, born in Pont-à-Mousson, Lorraine, France (d. 1482)

  • 1433-11-10 Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy (1467-77), born in Dijon, France (d. 1477)
  • 1451-05-02 René II, Duke of Lorraine, born in Angers, France (d. 1508)

Louis XII

1462-06-27 Louis XII, the Just, King of France (1498-1515), born in Château de Blois, France (d. 1515)

  • 1464-04-23 Joan of France, Queen of France (1498) and catholic saint who founded several religious orders, born in Nogent-le-Roi (d. 1505)
  • 1465-02-04 French van Brederode, leader of Hoeksen
  • 1466-03-21 French van Brederode, leader Hoeksen

Charles VIII

1470-06-30 Charles VIII, King of France (1483-98) who invaded Italy, born in Château d'Amboise, France (d. 1498)

  • 1476-09-11 Louise of Savoy, French mother of King Francois I, born in Pont-d'Ain, France (d. 1531)
  • 1484-04-23 Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italian-French physician and scholar (On the Subtlety of Things), born in Riva, Italy (d. 1558)
  • 1486-10-10 Charles III, Duke of Savoy (1504-53), born in Chazey-sur-Ain, France (d. 1553)
  • 1489-06-04 Antoine, Duke of Lorraine, born in Bar-le-Duc, France (d. 1544)

Jacques Cartier

1491-12-31 Jacques Cartier, French explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France, born in St. Malo, Brittany (d. 1557)

  • 1492-04-11 Marguerite of Navarre, Queen of Navarre, wife of Henry II of Navarre, born in Angoulême, France (d. 1549)
  • 1493-03-15 Anne Pierre Adrien duke of Montmorency, marshal of France
  • 1494-02-04 Francois Rabelais, French satirist (Gargantua and Pantagruel), born in La Devinière, Touraine, Kingdom of France (d. 1553)
  • 1494-12-20 Oronce Finé, French mathematician & cartographer, born in Briançon, France (d. 1555)
  • 1496-03-18 Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England and queen consort of Louis XII of France (d. 1533)
  • 1498-04-09 John, Cardinal of Lorraine, French churchman, born in Bar-le-Duc, Lorraine (d. 1550)
  • 1498-11-15 Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Portugal and France, born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1558)
  • 1499-09-03 Diane de Poitiers, French mistress of Henry II of France, born in Saint-Vallier, Drôme, France (d. 1566)
  • 1499-10-14 Claude of France, Duchess of Brittany amd wife of Francis I of France, born in Romorantin-Lanthenay, France (d. 1524)

Nostradamus

1503-12-14 Nostradamus [Michel de Nostre-Dam], French astrologist and prophet (Les Propheties), born in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, France (d. 1566)

  • 1506-02-02 René de Birague, French cardinal and chancellor (d. 1583)
  • 1506-04-13 Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (co-founder of Society of Jesus), born in Villaret, Duchy of Savoy Holy Roman Empire (d. 1546)
  • 1507-09-27 Guillaume Rondelet, French naturalist famous for his study of marine animals, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1566)

John Calvin

1509-07-10 John Calvin [Jehan Cauvin], Protestant religious reformer and theologian (Calvinism), born in Picardy, France (d. 1564)

  • 1509-08-03 Étienne Dolet, French scholar and printer, born in Orléans, France (d. 1546)
  • 1510-10-25 Renée of France, French princess and Duchess of Ferrara, born in Château de Blois, Touraine, France (d. 1574)
  • 1513-10-30 Jacques Amyot, French humanist, translator and Abbot of Bellozanne, born in Melun (d. 1593)
  • 1515-11-22 Marie Guise, Queen consort of Scotland upon her marriage to King James V of Scotland in 1538, born in Bar-le-Duc, Duchy of Bar (d. 1560)
  • 1515-12-22 Mary of Guise [Mary of Lorraine], pro-French Queen of Scots (1538-42) and Regent of Scotland (1554-60), born in Bar-le-Duc, France (d. 1560)
  • 1516-10-23 Charlotte of Valois, Princess of France as second daughter of King Francis I and his wife Claude, born in Château d'Amboise, France (d. 1524)

Famous Weddings

The Most Expensive Divorce in History

1152-05-18 Eleanor of Aquitaine marries Henri of Anjou, handing the future King Henry II of England most of France, allowing future kings of England to claim France for centuries thereafter

  • 1160-11-13 Marriage of Louis VII of France to Adele of Champagne.

Charles VIII

1491-12-06 King Charles VIII of France (21) marries Anna Duchess of Brittany (14) giving France control over Brittany

Louis XII

1514-10-09 King Louis XII of France marries Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII (sister of Henry VIII)

Wedding of Interest

1533-10-28 Prince Henry of France (later Henry II) (14) marries Florentine noblewoman Catherine de' Medici (14) in Marseille

Mary, Queen of Scots

1558-04-24 Mary, Queen of Scots (15) marries French dauphin Francis (14) at Notre Dame cathedral in Paris

Henry IV of France

1572-08-18 Henry of Navarre (later Henry IV of France) marries Margaret of Valois in Notre Dame cathedral, Paris, in attempt to make truce between Catholics and Protestants but prompts St. Bartholomew's Day massacre days later

  • 1575-02-13 Henry III of France marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont.
  • 1575-04-24 William (the Silent) of Orange marries 3rd wife Charlotte de Bourbon and former French nun
  • 1600-12-17 Religious wedding of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici at Lyon Cathedral

Charles I

1625-06-13 English king Charles I marries French princess Henrietta Maria at Canterbury cathedral in Canterbury, England

  • 1661-03-16 Princess Henrietta of Orange-Nassau (16) weds Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans (20)
  • 1684-01-12 French King Louis XIV marries Madame Maintenon
  • 1725-09-05 French King Louis XV marries Polish princess Mary Lesczynski
  • 1736-02-12 Maria Theresa Habsburg marries French Stefanus (emperor Francois I)

Wedding of Interest

1770-05-16 Marie Antoinette (14) marries future King Louis XVI (15) of France

Louis XVIII

1771-05-14 King of France Louis XVIII weds princess Maria Giuseppina of Savoy at the Palace of Versailles

Napoléon Bonaparte

1796-03-09 French Leader Napoléon Bonaparte (26) marries 1st wife Joséphine de Beauharnais (32), changing her name from Rose

Louis Pasteur

1849-05-29 Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur (26) weds secretary Marie Laurent (23) in Strasbourg, France

  • 1850-03-14 French writer and playwright Honoré de Balzac marries Ewelina Hańska in Berdyczów, Ukraine

Napoleon III

1853-01-30 Emperor and French President Napoleon III marries Eugenie de Montijo, Countess of Teba

Marie Curie

1895-07-26 Physicist and chemist Maria Skłodowska (27) weds physicist Pierre Curie (36) in Sceaux, France

Maurice Maeterlinck

1919-02-15 Author Maurice Maeterlinck (56) weds actress Renée Dahon (27) in Nice, France

Charles de Gaulle

1921-04-07 French army captain, and future president, Charles de Gaulle (30) weds Yvonne Vendroux (20) in the Notre-Dame de Calais church

Gloria Swanson

1925-01-28 Actress Gloria Swanson (25) weds aristocrat Henri de la Falaise (26) in Paris, France

Irene Joliot-Curie

1926-10-04 Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie (29) weds physicist Frédéric Joliot (26) in Paris, France

Aga Khan III

1929-12-07 Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (52) weds Andrée Joséphine Carron in Aix-les-Bains, France

Edith Piaf

1935-08-19 French singer Édith Piaf (19) weds Andrew Johnseppe in Belleville, Paris

Albert Camus

1940-12-03 Nobel Prize winning author Albert Camus (27) weds pianist and mathematician Francine Faure (25) in Lyon, France

  • 1944-10-09 Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (67) weds 1930 Miss France Yvonne Blanche Labrousse (38) in Geneva, Switzerland

Jack Lemmon

1962-08-17 Actor Jack Lemmon (37) weds actress and model Felicia Farr (29) in Paris, France

  • 1962-10-09 French singer Édith Piaf (46) marries French Greek actor Théo Sarapo (26)

Mick Jagger

1971-05-12 Rolling Stone rocker Mick Jagger (27) weds actress and model Bianca Pérez-Mora Macias (31) at St Tropez Town Hall, France

Philippe de Broca

1983-08-06 Film director Philippe de Broca (50) weds actress Margot Kidder (34) in France

Gene Wilder

1984-09-14 Stage and screen actor Gene Wilder (51) weds "Saturday Night Live" actress-comedian Gilda Radner (38) in France

  • 1993-04-21 Rolling Stone's bassist Bill Wyman (56) weds American actress Suzanne Accosta on French Riveria

Richie Sambora

1994-12-17 Actress Heather Locklear (33) weds Bon Jovi lead guitarist Richie Sambora (35) at The American Cathedral in Paris, France; divorce in 2007

Lisa Kudrow

1995-05-27 "Friends" actress Lisa Kudrow (31) weds French advertising executive Michel Stern (37) in Malibu

  • 1999-07-28 "Sixteen Candles" actress Molly Ringwald (31) weds French writer Valery Lamerignere in Bordeaux, France
  • 2003-09-25 Prince of Venice and Piedmont Emanuele Filiberto (31) weds French actress Clotilde Courau (34) at the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Rome
  • 2005-12-03 French heiress Athina Onassis (20) weds Olympic gold medalist equestrian Alvaro de Miranda Neto (32) in Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • 2006-05-06 Race car driver "Champ Car World Series" two time winner Sebastien Bourdais (27) weds Claire Bagot at Cathedral Saint-Julien in Le Mans, France

Pamela Anderson

2006-07-29 "Baywatch" actress Pamela Anderson (39) weds singer Kid Rock (35) on Thunder Gulch yacht in Saint-Tropez, France

  • 2006-09-16 Aga Khan's son Prince Hussain weds Kristin White on the grounds of Chateau de Chantilly in France

Eva Longoria

2007-07-07 Actress and model Eva Longoria (32) weds NBA player Tony Parker (25), for the second time in two days), at The Church of Saint Germain l'Auxerrois in Paris, France

Emmanuel Macron

2007-10-20 Future French President Emmanuel Macron (30) marries teacher Brigitte Trogneux (54)

Nicolas Sarkozy

2008-02-02 23rd French Republic President Nicolas Sarkozy (53) weds supermodel-turned-singer Carla Bruni (39) at the Elysee Palace in Paris, France

  • 2008-03-23 France's former first lady Cecilia Ciganer-Albeniz (50) weds Moroccan-born public relations executive Richard Attias (48) in Manhattan, New York

Salma Hayek

2009-02-14 Actress Salma Hayek (42) weds French billionaire and PPR CEO Francois-Henri Pinault (46) in Paris

Wedding of Interest

2010-03-15 Stand-up comedian and writer Sacha Baron Cohen (40) weds actress Isla Fisher (36) in Paris, France

Alicia Keys

2010-07-31 American R&B singer-songwriter Alicia Keys (31) weds Grammy Award-winning American rapper Swizz Beatz (33) at a private home on the French island of Corsica

  • 2011-08-27 Oscar winner Sofia Coppola (41) weds vocalist of French indie rock band "Phoenix" Thomas Mars at the family villa, Palazzo Margherita in Bernalda, Italy
  • 2011-09-03 English DJ and musician Mark Ronson (36) weds French actress Josephine De La Baume (27) in Aix-en-Provence, France

Keira Knightley

2013-05-04 British actress Keira Knightley (28) weds musician James Righton (29) in France

Avril Lavigne

2013-07-01 Canadian singer Avril Lavigne (28) weds Canadian singer Chad Kroeger (38) at the Château de La Napoule, a reconstructed medieval castle on the Mediterranean Sea in the South of France.

Halle Berry

2013-07-13 "Catwoman" actress Halle Berry (46) weds actor Olivier Martinez (47) at Chateau des Conde in Vallery, France

Wedding of Interest

2014-08-23 Actress Angelina Jolie (39) weds actor and film producer Brad Pitt (50) in Correns, France

Ashley Tisdale

2014-09-08 Actress Ashley Tisdale (29) weds singer Christopher French at a private ceremony in Santa Barbara, California


Famous Divorces

Louis XII

1499-01-08 Louis XII of France after papal divorce marries Anne, Duchess of Brittany to keep duchy for the crown

Napoléon Bonaparte

1809-12-16 Napoleon Bonaparte divorces Empress Joséphine by French Senate

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 2,501

  • 0394-09-08 Arbogast, French general, commits suicide
  • 0511-11-27 Clovis, king of Salische France, founder of Merovingische, dies at 45
  • 0524-06-21 Chlodomir, king of the France to Orleans (511-24), dies at about 28
  • 0545-06-03 Chlotilde, wife of French King Clovis and saint, dies at about 70
  • 0558-12-23 Childebert, King of France (specifically, the Neustrian Franks) (511-58), dies at about 62
  • 0561-11-29 Chlotarius I, king of the France (558-61), dies at about 61
  • 0593-03-28 Guntram, French King in Burgundy, dies at about 67
  • 0660-12-01 Eligius [Eloy], French patron saint of horses, goldsmiths and metalworkers who as bishop of Tournay-Noyon spent 20 years converting the pagan population of Flanders to Christianity, dies at around 72
  • 0711-04-14 Childebert III, king of the Franks, dies (b. 678/9)
  • 0768-09-24 Pippin III, the short, King of France, dies at 53
  • 0794-08-10 Fastrada, 3rd wife of French King Charles the Great, dies at 30
  • 0804-05-19 Alcuin of York, English scholar, dies in Tours France at 69
  • 0833-07-20 Ansegis [Ansegius], French abbot of Fontenelle and writer, dies at about 63
  • 0840-03-14 Eginhard, French nobleman/biographer (Vita Karoli Magni), dies at 69
  • 0840-06-20 Louis de Vrome, emperor of French rich, dies
  • 0843-04-19 Judith, French empress/2nd wife of Louis de Vrome, dies
  • 0855-09-29 Lotharius I, Romanian-French emperor (signed Treaty of Verdun), dies
  • 0856-02-04 Hrabanus Maurus, East France, archbishop of Mainz, dies
  • 0875-08-12 Louis II, king of Italy/emperor of France, dies at about 50
  • 0875-12-16 Ado of Vienne, French archbishop of Vienne, dies at about 75
  • 0876-08-28 Louis the German, King of East France Empire (833-76), dies
  • 0876-09-08 Lodewijk de Duitser, King of East French Republic (833-76), dies at 72
  • 0877-10-06 Charles II the Bald, King of France (843-77) and Holy Roman emperor (875-77), dies at 54
  • 0882-08-05 King Louis III of France (b. 863)
  • 0882-08-25 Louis III, King of France (879-82), dies at 19
  • 0884-12-12 Carloman, co-King of France (879, 882-884), dies
  • 0898-01-01 Odo of France, Count of Paris (888-98), dies at ~39
  • 0899-12-08 Arnulf of Carinthia, last emperor of Austria-France, dies
  • 0923-06-15 Robert I, King of France (922-23), dies in battle
  • 0929-10-07 Charles III, the Plain, King of France (893-929), dies
  • 0936-01-15 King Rudolph of France (923-936), dies at 45 or 46
  • 0943-11-02 Queen Emma of France, (b. 894)
  • 0954-09-10 Louis IV [Louis of Overseas], King of France (936-54), dies at about 33
  • 0986-03-01 Lothair of France, Carolingian king of West Francia, dies at 44
  • 0986-03-02 Lotharius, King of France (954-86), dies at 44
  • 0987-05-21 Louis V, last Carlovingians King of France (966-987), dies
  • 0987-05-22 Louis V le Faineant, the Lazy, King of France (986-87), poisoned at 20
  • 0996-10-24 Hugh Capet, King of France (987-96), dies at 58
  • 1003-05-12 Gerbert, French scholar, dies in Rome
  • 1003-05-12 Pope Sylvester or Silvester II [Gerbert van Aurillac], 1st French Pope (999-1003), dies
  • 1004-11-13 Abbo van Fleury [Floriacensis], French abbott and saint, dies
  • 1031-07-20 Robert II of France [the Pious, the Wise], King of the Franks (996-1031), dies during a civil war at 59
  • 1067-09-01 Baldwin V, Count of Flanders, and guardian of King of France, dies
  • 1088-01-06 Berengarius of Tours, French theologist, dies
  • 1089-05-28 Lanfranc, Italian Archbishop of Canterbury (1070-89) and counsellor to William the Conqueror, dies
  • 1099-07-29 Urban II [Odo van Lagery], French Pope who began the First Crusade (1088-99), dies at about 64
  • 1101-10-18 Hugh "the Great", Count of Vermandois, son of Henry I of France (1085-1101), dies of battle wounds at 44
  • 1109-01-26 Albericus of Côteaux, French saint, dies
  • 1111-03-07 Bohemond I, Prince of Otranto, ruler of Antioch, one of the leaders of the First Crusade, dies
  • 1112-10-05 Sigebert of Gembloux, French chronicler
  • 1113-06-19 Odo/Odardus van Kamerijk, French writer/bishop of Kamerijk, dies
  • 1115-07-08 Peter the Hermit, French priest, led the People's Crusade, dies at about 64
  • 1116-12-23 Ivo van Chartres, French canonist/bishop of Chartres/saint, dies
  • 1130-01-07 Baldri de Bourgueil, French abbot, poet and historian, dies at about 83
  • 1133-12-18 Hildebert, French writer and bishop
  • 1137-08-01 Louis VI, "the Fat One," King of France, dies (1108-37)
  • 1142-04-21 Peter Abélard, French scholar and lover of Heloise (b. 1079)
  • 1151-01-13 Abbot Suger, French abbot who built St Denis, statesman and historian (b. 1081)
  • 1153-08-20 Bernard of Clairvaux, French saint (preached famous sermon advocating for the Second Crusade), dies
  • 1154-11-18 Adélaide de Maurienne, wife of Louis VI of France (b. 1092)
  • 1160-07-20 Peter Lombard, French theologian
  • 1171-06-09 Jacob Ben Meir [Rabbenu Tam], French Tosofist, dies
  • 1174-07-11 Amalrik I [Morri], French King of Jerusalem, dies
  • 1180-09-18 Louis VII, King of France (1137-1180), dies at 59 or 60
  • 1180-09-19 Louis VII, the Younger, King of France (1137-80), dies at 59
  • 1187-07-04 Reinoud van Châtillon, French prince of Antioch, dies
  • 1188-10-11 Robert I of Dreux, son of Louis VI of France
  • 1190-03-15 Isabella of Hainault, Queen of France (1180-90), dies following a complicated childbirth at 19
  • 1197-09-22 Petrus Cantor, French theologist (Verbum Abbreviatum), dies
  • 1198-03-11 Marie de Champagne, daughter of Louis VII of France (b. 1145)
  • 1199-04-06 Pierre Basile, French soldier
  • 1201-07-20 Agnes of France, queen of France, dies [or 7/18]
  • 1205-09-03 Petrus van Poitiers, French theologist (Sententiarum libri V), dies
  • 1206-06-04 Adèle of Champagne, wife of Louis VII of France
  • 1208-01-15 Peter of Castelnau, French nobleman, murdered
  • 1213-12-17 John of Matha, French Christian saint and founder of the Order of the Most Holy Trinity dedicated to ransoming Christians captured by North African marauders, dies at 53
  • 1214-07-27 Stefan van Longchamp, French knight, dies in battle
  • 1217-08-24 Eustace "the Monk", French buccaneer, dies in battle
  • 1218-06-25 Simon de Montfort the elder, 5th Earl of Leicester, French crusader dies in the siege of Toulouse
  • 1223-07-14 King Philip II of France (1180-1223) dies at 57
  • 1226-11-08 Louis VIII, the Lion, King of France (1223-26), dies at 39
  • 1236-12-23 Philippus Cancellarius, French theologist/poet (Summa Cum Laude), dies
  • 1245-02-08 Johannes de Rupella/de la Rochelle, French theologist, dies
  • 1250-02-08 Robert I of Artois, French crusader (b. 1216)
  • 1252-11-26 Blanche of Castile, Queen of Louis VIII of France, regent to son Louis IX, dies at 64
  • 1263-03-19 Hugo of St-Cher/a S Caro, French cardinal, dies
  • 1264-10-02 Urbanus IV [Jacques Pantaleon], French Pope (1261-64), dies
  • 1270-08-25 Louis IX (Saint Louis), King of France (1226-70), dies from plague at 56
  • 1271-01-28 Isabella of Aragon, wife of Philip III and Queen consort of France (1270-1), dies of complications from childbirth at 22 or 23
  • 1271-08-21 Alphonse of Toulouse, son of Louis VIII of France, dies at 50
  • 1271-10-27 Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader, dies at 59
  • 1274-07-15 Saint Bonaventure [Giovanni di Fidanza], Italian Franciscan, theologian, philosopher and patron saint of bowel disorders, dies at 52 or 53
  • 1274-08-15 Robert de Sorbon, French theologian and founder of the Sorbonne College, dies at 72
  • 1285-10-05 Philip III "the Bold", King of France (1270-85), dies of dysentery at 40
  • 1295-12-21 Margaret of Provence, wife of Louis IX of France. dies at about 74
  • 1296-11-01 Guillaume Durand, French writer (b. 1230)
  • 1297-08-19 Saint Louis of Toulouse, French Catholic bishop (b. 1274)
  • 1298-03-14 Petrus Johannis Olivi, French theologian and philosopher, dies (b. 1248)
  • 1298-09-11 Philip of Artois, French soldier (b. 1269)
  • 1302-07-11 Pierre Flote, French 1st legist/chancellor of king Philip IV, dies