Lyon in History

Historical Events

Victory in Battle

0197-02-19 Battle of Lugdunum [Battle of Lyon]: Lucius Septimius Severus' army beats Clodius Albinus at Lyon

  • 1245-06-28 1st Council of Lyon (13th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1274-05-07 2nd Council of Lyons (14th ecumenical council) opens, convened by Pope Gregory X

Treaty of Interest

1504-01-31 Under the Treaty of Lyon, French King Louis XII cedes Naples to Ferdinand II of Aragon after defeat in the Italian War of 1499–1504

  • 1793-08-08 The insurrection of Lyon occurs during the French Revolution.
  • 1822-05-03 Society for the Propagation of the Faith founded in Lyon, France
  • 1830-05-24 "Mary Had A Little Lamb" by Sarah Josepha Hale is first published by Boston firm Marsh, Capen & Lyon
  • 1833-04-04 St Etienne-Lyons railway fully opens in France
  • 1894-06-24 Marie François Sadi Carnot is assassinated in Lyon by Italian anarchist Sante Geronimo Caserio

Historic Event

1944-08-11 Klaus Barbie, Gestapo head of Lyon France leaves for Auschwitz

Davis Cup

1991-12-01 Davis Cup Tennis, Lyon: Frenchman Guy Forget upsets Pete Sampras 7-6, 3-6, 6-3, 6-4 to clinch a 3-1 final win over the US

  • 2017-07-05 Arsenal FC breaks club transfer record, paying about €53m for Lyon striker Alexandre Lacazette

Famous Birthdays

  • 1663-07-20 Pierre Drevet, French engraver, born in Loire-sur-Rhône, Lyon (d. 1738)
  • 1677-04-25 Guillaume Coustou Sr, French sculptor (Chevaux the Marly), born in Lyon, France (d. 1746)
  • 1686-07-06 Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist, born in Lyon, France (d. 1758)
  • 1697-05-10 Jean-Marie Leclair l'aîné (the elder), French violinist and Baroque composer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1764)
  • 1712-03-27 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon, born in Lyon, France (d. 1779)
  • 1725-09-05 Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician, born in Lyon, France (d. 1799)
  • 1732-11-09 Julie de Lespinasse, French aristocrat, hostess and writer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1776)
  • 1748-04-12 Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (Classification of flowering plants), born in Lyon, France (d. 1836)
  • 1769-01-05 Jean Baptiste Say, French economist (Political Economics), born in Lyon, France (d. 1832)
  • 1777-12-04 Juliette Récamier, French socialite, born in Lyon, Kingdom of France (d. 1849)
  • 1804-10-03 Allan Kardec, French author and founder of Spiritism, born in Lyon, France (d. 1869)
  • 1821-04-23 Pierre Dupont, French songwriter, born in Lyon, France (d. 1870)
  • 1823-06-21 Jean Chacornac, French astronomer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1873)
  • 1824-12-14 Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter, born in Lyon, Rhône, France (d. 1898)
  • 1835-10-02 Louis-Antoine Ranvier, French anatomist and historian, born in Lyon, France (d. 1922)
  • 1838-01-05 Camille Jordan, French mathematician, born in Lyon, France (d. 1922)
  • 1840-04-12 Edmond Audran, French composer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1901)
  • 1844-02-21 Charles-Marie Widor, French organist (Saint-Sulpice, 1870-1933), composer (10 organ symphonies), and professor (American Conservatory at Fontainebleau, 1921-34), born in Lyon, France (d. 1937)
  • 1850-03-09 Alexandre Luigini, French composer (Ballet égyptien), born in Lyon, France (d. 1906)
  • 1873-01-30 Georges Ricard-Cordingley, French painter, born in Lyon, France (d. 1939)
  • 1873-06-28 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon, sociologist and biologist (Nobel 1912), born in Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France (d. 1944)
  • 1899-07-05 Marcel Achard, French playwright (Jean de la Lune), born in Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France (d. 1974)
  • 1900-06-29 Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer, poet and pioneering aviator (The Little Prince), born in Lyon, France (d. 1944)
  • 1904-07-24 Leo Arnaud, French-American composer (Bugler's Dream), born in Lyon, France (d. 1991)
  • 1904-12-22 Louis-Eugene-Felix Neel, French physicist (Nobel 1970), born in Lyon, France (d. 2000)
  • 1905-09-30 Savitri Devi [Maximiani Portas], Greek French Nazi writer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1982)
  • 1910-01-10 Jean Martinon, French conductor & composer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1976)

Klaus BarbieKlaus Barbie (1913-1991)

1913-10-25 German Gestapo chief (Butcher of Lyon), born in Godesberg, German Empire

  • 1924-09-13 Maurice Jarre, French Academy and Grammy Award-winning film composer (Lawrence Of Arabia; Doctor Zhivago; Witness; Fatal Attraction), born in Lyon, France (d. 2009)
  • 1925-05-15 Mary Lyon, English geneticist (X-chromosome inactivation), born in Norwich, Norfolk (d. 2014)
  • 1941-04-25 Bertrand Tavernier, French actor (Capt Conan, L627, Daddy Nostalgie), born in Lyon, France
  • 1942-07-04 Stefan Meller, Polish diplomat and 9th Minister of Foreign Affairs (2005-06), born in Lyon, France (d. 2008)
  • 1948-08-24 Jean-Michel Jarre, French ambient-electronic musician (Oxygène; Équinoxe), born in Lyon, France
  • 1959-04-25 Dominique Blanc, French actress (Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train), born in Lyon, France
  • 1961-09-07 Jean-Yves Thibaudet, French concert pianist, born in Lyon, France
  • 1963-10-05 Sophie Favier, Lyon France, actress (Sans Interdits)
  • 1965-04-19 Natalie Dessay, French soprano and actress, born in Lyon, France
  • 1968-03-09 Youri Djorkaeff, French footballer, born in Lyon, France
  • 1972-04-03 Sandrine Testud, French tennis star (1993 Strasbourg), born in Lyon, France
  • 1987-12-19 Karim Benzema, French soccer striker (FIFA Ballon d'Or 2022; Lyon, Real Madrid), born in Lyon, France
  • 1991-05-28 Alexandre Lacazette, French soccer player, born in Lyon, France

Famous Weddings

Albert Camus

1940-12-03 French author and future Nobel laureate Albert Camus (27) weds French pianist and mathematician Francine Faure (25) in Lyon, France

Famous Deaths

  • 0840-06-06 Agobard, archbishop of Lyon (anti-semite), dies
  • 0852-04-29 Amalarius [Fortunatus] Frankish Bishop of Metz and Lyon, dies at 76
  • 1630-07-26 Charles Emanuel I, the Great, Duke of Savoy (Peace of Lyon), dies
  • 1696-08-02 Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, Scottish military commander (b. 1630)
  • 1912-09-12 Pierre-Hector Cardinal Coullie, Cardinal-Archbishop of Lyon

Klaus BarbieKlaus Barbie (1913-1991)

1991-09-25 German Gestapo chief (Butcher of Lyon), dies of cancer at 77

  • 1994-09-16 Albert de Courtray, French archbishop of Lyon/cardinal, dies at 71
  • 2014-12-25 Mary Lyon, English geneticist (X-chromosome inactivation), dies at 89