Marseille in History

Historical Events

Historic Siege

1524-08-19 Emperor Charles V's troops besiege Marseille, France

  • 1720-05-25 The Ship "Le Grand St Antoine" reaches Marseille, bringing Europe's last major plague outbreak. Kills around 100,000.

Historic Event

1891-04-01 French painter Paul Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti

Historic Event

1900-11-22 Paul Kruger, exiled President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, is given a popular welcome when he lands at Marseilles, France

Assassination

1934-10-09 Assassination of Alexander I King of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou in Marseille by member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization organised by Ustaša

  • 1944-08-23 Allied troops capture Marseille, France
  • 1944-08-28 Last German troops in Marseille surrendered & Toulon cleared
  • 1991-05-29 35th European Cup: Red Star Belgrade beats Marseille (0-0, 5-3 on penalties) at Bari
  • 1991-12-24 Ballon d'Or: Marseille forward Jean-Pierre Papin is named Europe's best football player; first from the French League to win the trophy
  • 1993-05-26 1st UEFA Champions League Final: Marseille beats Milan 1-0 at Munich
  • 1994-12-26 French commandos terminate Air France hijacking in Marseille

Famous Birthdays

  • 1592-07-10 Pierre d'Hozier, French genealogist, born in Marseille, France (d. 1660)
  • 1622-10-16 Pierre Paul Puget, French artist, born in Marseille, France (d. 1694)
  • 1646-04-20 Charles Plumier, French botanist (Frangipani genus Plumeria is named after him), born in Marseille, France (d. 1704)
  • 1742-08-14 Marie Allard, French ballerina (Auguste Vestris), born in Marseille, France (d. 1802)
  • 1749-06-26 Louis Joseph Claude Saint-Amans, French composer, born in Marseille, France (d. 1820)
  • 1769-06-14 Dominique Della-Maria, French Italian composer (The Prisoner), born in Marseilles France (d. 1800)
  • 1808-02-20 Daumier, Marseilles France, artist
  • 1814-04-19 Louis Amédée Achard, French novelist (The Cloak and Dagger), born in Marseille, France (d. 1875)
  • 1815-12-22 Lucien Petipa, French ballet dancer, born in Marseille, France (d. 1898)
  • 1816-09-04 François Bazin, French composer, born in Marseille, France (d. 1878)
  • 1823-12-01 Ernest Reyer, French opera composer, born in Marseilles, France (d. 1909)
  • 1867-06-11 Charles Fabry, French physicist, discoverer of ozone layer in upper atmosphere, born in Marseille, France (d. 1945)

Darius Milhaud

1892-09-04 Darius Milhaud, French composer (Maximilien), born in Marseille, France (d. 1974)

  • 1896-09-04 Antonin Artaud, French songwriter and director (Theatre Seraphin), born in Marseille, France (d. 1948)
  • 1902-08-09 Zino Francescatti, French violinist (New York Philharmonic, 1939), born in Marseille, France (d. 1991)
  • 1903-05-08 Fernandel [Fernand Contandin], French actor (The Little World of Don Camillo), born in Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France (d. 1971)
  • 1905-12-12 Rellys [Henri Marius Bourrelly], French actor (Letters from My Windmill), born in Marseille (d. 1991)
  • 1908-06-30 Charles Camproux, French linguistic and author (Bestiari), born in Marseilles, France (d. 1994)
  • 1911-04-23 Simone Simon, French actress (All Money Can Buy, Ladies in Love), born in Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France (d. 2005)
  • 1917-07-03 Hélène Cordet, French actress (The Limping Man), born in Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France (d. 1996)
  • 1919-12-13 Hans-Joachim Marseille, German flying ace of World War II (d. 1942)
  • 1921-06-19 Louis Jourdan [Louis Robert Gendre], French actor (The Paradine Case, Count Dracula, Gigi, Octopussy), born in Marseille, France (d. 2015)
  • 1922-01-07 Jean-Pierre Rampal, French classical flautist (The Suite for Flute and Jazz Piano), born in Marseilles, France (d. 2000)
  • 1924-09-12 Jean Le Poulain, French actor (Divine), born in Marseille, France (d. 1988)
  • 1924-12-12 Francis Miroglio, French composer (Extensions), born in Marseille, France (d. 2005)
  • 1925-03-04 Paul Mauriat, French easy listening orchestra leader, composer, and arranger ("Love Is Blue"), born in Marseille (d. 2006)
  • 1934-09-25 Jean Sorel, French actor (The Day of the Jackal), born in Marseille, France
  • 1939-07-31 France Nuyen, Vietnamese-French actress (St Elsewhere, Diamond Head), born in Marseilles, France
  • 1942-12-19 Jean-Patrick Manchette, French thriller writer (3 to Kill, The Prone Gunman), born in Marseille, France (d. 1995)
  • 1945-05-12 Patrick Ricard, French businessman and CEO of Pernod Ricard, born in Marseille, France (d. 2012)
  • 1946-08-15 Jean-Claude Arnault, French Swedish photographer involved in Nobel Prize scandal, born in Marseille, France
  • 1953-12-03 Robert Guédiguian, French director (The Snows of Kilimanjaro; Marius and Jeannette), born in Marseille, France
  • 1966-05-24 Eric Cantona, French footballer and actor (Looking for Eric), born in Marseille, France
  • 1968-01-22 Frank Lebœuf, French actor, sports commentator and former footballer (1998 FIFA World Cup), born in Marseille, France

Zinedine Zidane

1972-06-23 Zinédine Zidane, French soccer midfielder/Real Madrid manager (Champions League 2016-17-18, World Cup 1998), born in Marseille, France

  • 1975-10-05 Bobo Baldé, Guinean footballer, born in Marseille, France
  • 1978-05-29 Sébastien Grosjean, French tennis player (Davis Cup 2001; world #4 2002), born in Marseille, France
  • 1978-06-26 Alex Dana, French singer (L5's singer), born in Marseille, France

Famous Deaths

  • 1867-08-23 Auguste-Marseille Barthélemy, French poet (b. 1796)
  • 1977-09-10 Hamida Djandoubi, Tunisian convicted murderer who was the last person to be executed in Western Europe, is beheaded in Marseille by guillotine at 28