Marseille in History

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1524-08-19 Emperor Charles V's troops besiege Marseille, France

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1720-05-25 The Ship "Le Grand St Antoine" reaches Marseille, bringing Europe's last major plague outbreak. Kills around 100,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1891-04-01 French painter Paul Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti

Painter and Sculptor Paul Gauguin
Painter and Sculptor
Paul Gauguin
  • 1900-11-22 Paul Kruger, exiled President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, is given a popular welcome when he lands at Marseilles, France

MurderAssassination

1934-10-09 Assassination of Alexander I King of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou in Marseille by member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization organised by Ustaša

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić
  • 1944-08-23 Allied troops capture Marseille, France
  • 1944-08-28 Last German troops in Marseille surrendered & Toulon cleared
  • 1991-05-29 35th European Cup: Red Star Belgrade beats Marseille (0-0, 5-3 on penalties) at Bari
  • 1991-12-24 Ballon d'Or: Marseille forward Jean-Pierre Papin is named Europe's best football player; first from the French League to win the trophy
  • 1993-05-26 1st UEFA Champions League Final: Marseille beats Milan 1-0 at Munich
  • 1994-12-26 French commandos terminate Air France hijacking in Marseille

Famous Birthdays

  • 1592-07-10 Pierre d'Hozier, French genealogist, born in Marseille, France (d. 1660)
  • 1622-10-16 Pierre Paul Puget, French artist, born in Marseille, France (d. 1694)
  • 1646-04-20 Charles Plumier, French botanist (Frangipani genus Plumeria is named after him), born in Marseille, France (d. 1704)
  • 1742-08-14 Marie Allard, French ballerina (Auguste Vestris), born in Marseille, France (d. 1802)
  • 1749-06-26 Louis Joseph Claude Saint-Amans, French composer, born in Marseille, France (d. 1820)
  • 1769-06-14 Dominique Della-Maria, French Italian composer (The Prisoner), born in Marseilles France (d. 1800)
  • 1808-02-20 Daumier, Marseilles France, artist
  • 1814-04-19 Louis Amédée Achard, French novelist (The Cloak and Dagger), born in Marseille, France (d. 1875)
  • 1815-12-22 Lucien Petipa, French ballet dancer, born in Marseille, France (d. 1898)
  • 1816-09-04 François Bazin, French composer, born in Marseille, France (d. 1878)
  • 1823-12-01 Ernest Reyer, French opera composer, born in Marseilles, France (d. 1909)
  • 1867-06-11 Charles Fabry, French physicist, discoverer of ozone layer in upper atmosphere, born in Marseille, France (d. 1945)
  • 1892-09-04 Darius Milhaud, French composer (Maximilien), born in Marseille, France (d. 1974)
  • 1896-09-04 Antonin Artaud, French songwriter and director (Theatre Seraphin), born in Marseille, France (d. 1948)
  • 1902-08-09 Zino Francescatti, French violinist (NY Phil-1939), born in Marseille, France (d. 1991)
  • 1903-05-08 Fernandel [Fernand Contandin], French actor (The Little World of Don Camillo), born in Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France (d. 1971)
  • 1905-12-12 Rellys [Henri Marius Bourrelly], French actor (Letters from My Windmill), born in Marseille (d. 1991)
  • 1908-06-30 Charles Camproux, French linguistic and author (Bestiari), born in Marseilles, France (d. 1994)
  • 1911-04-23 Simone Simon, French actress (All Money Can Buy, Ladies in Love), born in Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France (d. 2005)
  • 1917-07-03 Hélène Cordet, French actress (The Limping Man), born in Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France (d. 1996)
  • 1919-12-13 Hans-Joachim Marseille, German flying ace of World War II (d. 1942)
  • 1921-06-19 Louis Jourdan [Louis Robert Gendre], French actor (The Paradine Case, Count Dracula, Gigi, Octopussy), born in Marseille, France (d. 2015)
  • 1922-01-07 Jean-Pierre [Louis] Rampal, Marseilles France, flautist
  • 1924-09-12 Jean Le Poulain, French actor (Divine), born in Marseille, France (d. 1988)
  • 1924-12-12 Francis Miroglio, French composer (Extensions), born in Marseille, France (d. 2005)
  • 1925-03-04 Paul Mauriat, French musician (Love Is Blue), born in Marseille (d. 2006)
  • 1934-09-25 Jean Sorel, French actor (The Day of the Jackal), born in Marseille, France
  • 1939-07-31 France Nuyen, Vietnamese-French actress (St Elsewhere, Diamond Head), born in Marseilles, France
  • 1942-12-19 Jean-Patrick Manchette, French thriller writer (3 to Kill, The Prone Gunman), born in Marseille, France (d. 1995)
  • 1945-05-12 Patrick Ricard, French businessman and CEO of Pernod Ricard, born in Marseille, France (d. 2012)
  • 1946-08-15 Jean-Claude Arnault, French Swedish photographer involved in Nobel Prize scandal, born in Marseille, France
  • 1953-12-03 Robert Guediguian, French director (The Snows of Kilimanjaro), born in Marseille, France
  • 1966-05-24 Eric Cantona, French footballer and actor (Looking for Eric), born in Marseille, France
  • 1968-01-22 Frank Lebœuf, French actor, sports commentator and former footballer (1998 FIFA World Cup), born in Marseille, France
  • 1972-06-23 Zinédine Zidane, French soccer midfielder/Real Madrid manager (Champions League 2016-17-18, World Cup 1998), born in Marseille, France
  • 1975-10-05 Bobo Baldé, Guinean footballer, born in Marseille, France
  • 1977-02-23 Dally Randriantefy, Malagasy tennis player (1993 Marseille), born in Antananarivo, Madagascar
  • 1978-05-29 Sébastien Grosjean, French tennis player (Davis Cup 2001; world #4 2002), born in Marseille, France
  • 1978-06-26 Alex Dana, French singer (L5's singer), born in Marseille, France

Famous Deaths

  • 1867-08-23 Auguste-Marseille Barthélemy, French poet (b. 1796)
  • 1977-09-10 Hamida Djandoubi, Tunisian convicted murderer who was the last person to be executed in Western Europe, is beheaded in Marseille by guillotine at 28