Paris in History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 607

  • 1792-09-11 The French Blue gem (later the Hope Diamond) is stolen with other French crown jewels from Royal storehouse in Paris during Reign of Terror

French Revolution

1793-01-21 Louis XVI of France is executed by guillotine in Paris, following his conviction for "high treason" by the newly created French Parliament (Convention nationale), during the French Revolution

French Revolution

1793-04-24 French revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat is acquitted by the Revolutionary Tribunal of charges brought by the Girondin in Paris

  • 1793-06-10 1st public zoo opens in Paris
  • 1793-08-10 Louvre palace officially opens in Paris as The Museum Central des Arts
  • 1793-10-31 Execution of Girondins in Paris during Reign of Terror
  • 1793-11-12 The 1st Mayor of Paris and astronomer Jean Sylvain Bailly, is guillotined during the Reign of Terror

Coup d'état

1794-07-27 Maximilien Robespierre is overthrown in a coup in Paris

  • 1794-07-28 French Revolutionary figure Maximilien Robespierre and 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris
  • 1794-09-21 Jean-Paul Marat's remains are transferred to the Panthéon in Paris, with the eulogy given by the Marquis de Sade
  • 1794-11-19 Jakobin Club forms in Paris
  • 1795-09-23 Conseil of the Cinq-Cents (Council of 500), forms in Paris
  • 1796-05-15 France & Sardinia sign Peace treaty of Paris
  • 1797-03-13 Cherubini's opera "Medée" premieres in Paris
  • 1797-10-22 Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes 1st parachute descent from a balloon in Paris

Historic Event

1800-05-11 French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck give a lecture first outlining his theories of evolution at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle in Paris, France

  • 1800-11-07 It becomes illegal for women in Paris to wear trousers without a Police permit (annulled 2013)

Treaty of Interest

1803-04-30 Chancellor Robert Livingston and James Monroe sign Louisiana Purchase Treaty in Paris at a cost of 15 million dollars, doubles the size of the USA

Coronation of Napoleon Bonaparte

1804-12-02 General Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned Emperor of the French at the Notre Dame de Paris in a ceremony officiated by Pope Pius VII

Scientific Discovery

1804-12-07 Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt reports his discovery of the decrease in intensity of Earth's magnetic field from the poles to the equator in a memoir to the Paris Institute

Historic Event

1807-01-20 Napoleon convenes great Sanhedrin, Paris

  • 1814-03-30 Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris after defeating Napoleon
  • 1814-03-31 Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris
  • 1814-05-30 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition - the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
  • 1815-03-20 Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule
  • 1815-11-20 Second Treaty of Paris: France and her allies agree France will pay indemnities after Battle of Waterloo, ending the Napoleonic Wars
  • 1815-11-20 Russia, Prussia, Austria and England sign an Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" on the same day as the Treaty of Paris

Historic Event

1816-01-08 Sophie Germain is the first woman to win a prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences for her paper on elasticity

Historic Event

1816-01-22 Lord Byron completes poems "Parisina" and "Siege of Corinth"

  • 1823-04-24 Eugene Scribes opera "Le Menteur Veridique" premieres in Paris

Music History

1824-07-30 Gioachino Rossini becomes manager of Theatre Italian, Paris

Historic Event

1824-09-27 Charles X, King of France, makes his state entry into Paris to popular acclaim

Music Premiere

1825-10-17 1st opera by Franz Liszt, "Don Sanche" premieres in Paris

  • 1828-08-20 Gioachino Rossini's opera "Le Comte Ory" premieres in Paris
  • 1829-08-03 Gioachino Rossini's last and greatest opera "Guillaume Tell" (William Tell) premieres at Salle Le Peletier in Paris
  • 1830-01-28 Opera "Fra Diavolo" by Daniel Auber, premieres in Paris

Theater Premiere

1830-02-25 Victor Hugo's play "Hernani" premieres in Paris

  • 1830-07-27 Revolution breaks out in Paris, opposing laws of Charles X
  • 1831-11-22 Opera "Robert Le Diable" is produced (Paris)
  • 1832-03-12 The ballet La Sylphide first premieres at the Opéra de Paris.
  • 1832-06-05 Anti-monarchist forces launch an uprising in Paris, starting the unsuccessful June Rebellion
  • 1832-06-06 The barricades fall and the Paris student uprisings of 1832 end
  • 1833-06-28 Three missionaries of the Paris Evangelical Missionary Society obtain permission from Chief Moshoeshoe (Moshesh) to found a mission station in Basutoland (now Lesotho)
  • 1835-01-25 Vincenzo Bellini's opera "I Puritani" premieres in Paris

Music History

1835-04-26 Frederic Chopin's "Grand Polonaise Brillante" premieres in Paris

  • 1836-02-29 Giacomo Meyerbeers opera "Les Huguenots," premieres in Paris
  • 1836-07-29 Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris

Music Premiere

1838-09-10 Hector Berlioz's opera "Benvenuto Cellini" premieres in Paris

Historic Invention

1839-08-19 Details of Louis Daguerre's 1st practical photographic process are released in Paris

  • 1840-02-11 Gaetano Donizetti's Opera "La Fille du Regiment" premieres in Paris
  • 1840-12-02 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "La Favorita" premieres in Paris
  • 1840-12-15 Napoleon Bonaparte receives a French state funeral in Paris 19 years after his death
  • 1841-06-28 The Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris premieres the ballet Giselle
  • 1842-01-07 Gioachino Rossini's cantata "Stabat Mater" premieres in Paris
  • 1842-05-08 Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 die
  • 1843-01-03 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Don Pasquale" premieres in Paris
  • 1844-02-03 Hector Berlioz's "Carnaval Romain" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1845-07-03 Pioneering French magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin opens his magic theatre in Paris

  • 1846-12-06 Hector Berlioz's dramatic oratorio "La Damnation de Faust" by Hector Berlioz at the Opéra-Comique, Paris
  • 1847-11-26 Alfred de Mussets "Un Caprice" premieres in Paris
  • 1848-06-22 Beginning of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers
  • 1848-06-23 Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
  • 1848-06-26 End of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers
  • 1848-11-21 Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto" premieres in Paris
  • 1849-04-16 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "Le prophète" premieres in Paris
  • 1851-07-29 Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia
  • 1851-10-30 Alfred de Musset's "Bettine" premieres in Paris
  • 1851-11-13 Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
  • 1851-11-22 Opera "La Perle Du Brésil" is produced (Paris)
  • 1852-02-02 Alexandre Dumas Jr's "La Dame aux Camélias" premieres in Paris
  • 1852-03-26 Decree regarding streets of Paris passed

Music Premiere

1855-06-13 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Les vêpres sicilenne" (The Sicilian Vespers) premieres at the Paris Opéra

The 1856 Treaty of Paris

1856-03-30 The Russian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France and the Kingdom of Sardinia sign the Treaty of Paris ending the Crimean War

  • 1858-10-21 Jacques Offenbach's operetta " Orpheus in the Underworld" (Orphée aux Enfers) premieres in Paris, includes "Infernal Galop" (can-can tune)
  • 1859-03-19 Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris
  • 1859-04-04 Opera "Dinorah" is produced in Paris
  • 1859-11-12 Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed garment that bears his name
  • 1862-02-28 Charles Gounod's opera "La Reine de Saba" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1863-05-15 Salon des Refusés opens in Paris, exhibition of works rejected by official Salon, features Paul Cézanne, Camille Pissarro, Henri Fantin-Latour, James Whistler, and Édouard Manet

Music Premiere

1863-09-10 Georges Bizet's opera "Les Pêcheurs de Perles" premieres in Paris

  • 1863-09-29 Opera "The Pearl Fishers" (Les Pêcheurs de Perles) by Bizet is first produced at the Théâtre Lyrique in Paris
  • 1864-03-14 Gioachino Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle" premieres at his home in Paris, France
  • 1864-03-19 Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
  • 1865-04-28 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine" premieres in Paris
  • 1866-11-17 Opera "Mignon" by Ambroise Thomas premieres at the Opéra-Comique in Paris, Francce
  • 1867-03-11 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Don Carlos" premieres in Paris
  • 1867-04-01 International Exhibition opens in Paris
  • 1867-04-27 Charles Gounod's opera "Romeo et Juliette" is premieres at the Théâtre Lyrique, Paris, France
  • 1868-03-09 The opera "Hamlet" by Ambroise Thomas premieres in Paris
  • 1868-05-31 Dr James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St Cloud, Paris
  • 1869-05-01 Folies Bergère opens in Paris
  • 1869-05-02 The Folies Trévise (later cabaret hall Folies Bergère) opens as an opera house in Paris, France
  • 1869-11-17 Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race, racing 13K Paris to Rouen
  • 1870-09-19 Siege of Paris by Prussian Forces begins (lasts until January 28 1871)
  • 1870-10-07 Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
  • 1871-01-28 Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • 1871-03-18 Communards revolt in Paris
  • 1871-03-26 Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government
  • 1871-05-21 -July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 771

  • 1717-10-05 Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle, duchess de Châteauroux, French mistress of King Louis XV of France, born in Paris (d. 1744)
  • 1718-09-08 François-Thomas-Marie de Baculard d'Arnaud, French sentimental writer (Les Épreuves du sentiment), born in Paris (d. 1805)
  • 1719-06-02 Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist (Le Philosophe sans le savoir), born in Paris (d. 1797)
  • 1719-08-20 Charles-François de Broglie, French soldier and diplomat, marquis de Ruffec, born in Paris (d. 1791)
  • 1721-12-06 Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French lawyer and statesman, born in Paris (d. 1794)
  • 1725-10-12 Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist, born in Paris (d. 1810)
  • 1727-04-29 Jean-Georges Noverre, French dancer and choreographer (ballet d'action), born in Paris (d. 1810)
  • 1731-11-01 Theodore-Jean Tarade, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1788)
  • 1731-12-07 Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron, French scholar and interpreter, born in Paris (d. 1805)
  • 1732-01-24 Pierre de Beaumarchais, French polymath and dramatist (The Marriage of Figaro, Barber of Seville), born in Paris, France (d. 1799)
  • 1732-04-05 Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter (The Swing), born in Paris (d. 1806)
  • 1734-09-05 Jean-Benjamin de La Borde, French composer, born in Paris, France (d. 1794)
  • 1735-04-11 Pierre Nicolas La Houssaye, French violinist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1818)
  • 1736-09-15 Jean-Sylvain Bailly, French astronomer noted for his computation of an orbit for Halley’s Comet (1759) and author of History of Ancient Astronomy from Its Origin to the Establishment of the School of Alexandria, born in Paris (d. 1793)
  • 1737-04-10 Francois Giroust, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1799)
  • 1739-08-27 Michel Delalande, French sacred music composer and maître de musique (Cathedral of Chartres, 1761-85), born in La Flèche, France (d. 1812)
  • 1740-04-02 Armand-Gaston Camus, French revolutionary and Chairman of the Council of 500, born in Paris (d. 1804)

Marquis de Sade

1740-06-02 Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine). The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name., born in Paris, France (d/ 1814)

  • 1743-08-26 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), born in Paris, France (d. 1794)

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

1744-08-01 Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French naturalist (Lamarckian evolution), born in Paris, France (d. 1829)

  • 1744-08-10 "Fanfan" Alexandrine-Jeanne d'Étiolles, daughter of the courtesan Madame de Pompadour, born in Paris, France (d. 1754)
  • 1746-06-24 Jean-Baptiste Rochefort, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1819)
  • 1747-04-23 Abbé Alexandre-Auguste Robineau, French composer and painter, born in Paris (d. 1828)
  • 1748-06-30 Jean-Dominique, comte de Cassini, French astronomer, born in Paris (d. 1845)
  • 1748-07-21 Louis-Henry Paisible, French composer, born in Saint Cloud, Paris (d. 1782)
  • 1748-08-30 Jacques-Louis David, French Neoclassical painter (Death of Marat), born in Paris (d. 1825)
  • 1748-08-31 Jean-Etienne Despreaux, French ballet dancer and composer, born in Paris (d. 1820)
  • 1749-06-19 Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, French revolutionary and President of the National Convention, born in Paris (d. 1796)
  • 1749-09-08 Yolande de Polastron, Duchess de Polignac, French aristocrat, favorite of Marie Antoinette at Versailles, born in Paris (d. 1793)
  • 1752-09-18 Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (worked on elliptic integrals), born in Paris (d. 1833)
  • 1753-11-06 Jean-Baptiste Sebastien Breval, French cellist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1823)

Talleyrand

1754-02-02 Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, French statesman, born in Paris (d. 1838)

  • 1754-03-17 Madame Roland [Marie-Jeanne Phlippon], French revolutionary (member of the Girondist faction), born in Paris, France (d. 1793)
  • 1754-07-20 Antoine Destutt de Tracy, French Enlightenment philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1836)

Pierre Charles L'Enfant

1754-08-02 Pierre Charles L'Enfant, French-born American architect who laid out Washington, D.C., born in Paris, France (d. 1825)

  • 1755-02-13 Francois Alexander Sallantin, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1816)
  • 1755-04-16 Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1842)
  • 1756-04-13 Louis Henri, Prince of Condé, born in Hôtel de Condé, Paris (d. 1830)
  • 1760-03-27 Marie-Jean Auguste Vestris, French ballet dancer, born in Paris (d. 1842)
  • 1764-08-13 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general, born in Paris (d. 1813)
  • 1764-08-22 Charles Percier, French architect, born in Paris (d. 1838)
  • 1764-12-10 Louis-Sébastien Lebrun, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1829)
  • 1765-04-28 Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1843)
  • 1766-04-22 Madame de Staël [Anne Louise Germaine de Staël-Holstein], French-Swiss author (De l’Allemagne), born in Paris (d. 1817)
  • 1766-08-22 Joseph-Denis Doche, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1825)
  • 1766-09-25 Armand-Emmanuel, Duc de Richelieu, Prime Minister of France (1815-18, 1820-21), born in Paris (d. 1822)
  • 1766-10-23 Emmanuel, marquis de Grouchy, French general and marshal, born in Paris (d. 1847)
  • 1766-11-16 Rodolphe Kreutzer, French composer (La mort d'Abel) and virtuoso violinist, born in Versailles, France (d. 1831)
  • 1767-07-31 Amelie Julia Candielle, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1834)
  • 1769-08-16 Jean Aimé Vernier, French harpist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1838)
  • 1770-02-05 Alexandre Brongniart, mineralogist/geologist (Tertiary), born in Paris, France
  • 1770-11-16 Étienne Pivert de Senancour, French author (Obermann), born in Paris (d. 1846)
  • 1771-06-24 Éleuthère Irénée du Pont, French-American chemist and industrialist (E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company), born in Paris (d. 1834)
  • 1771-10-01 Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer, born in Passy, Paris (d. 1842)

Marie Francois Xavier Bichat

1771-11-14 Marie François Xavier bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (tissue theory), born in Paris (d. 1802)

  • 1772-10-04 François-Louis Perne, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1832)
  • 1773-10-06 Louis-Philippe, King of France (1830-48), born in Palais Royal, Paris (d. 1850)
  • 1774-04-21 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (Biot-Savart law), born in Paris (d. 1862)
  • 1774-12-20 Guillaume-Perre-Antoine Gatayes, French composer & guitarist, born in Paris, France (d. 1846)
  • 1775-07-23 Étienne-Louis Malus, French physicist (Polarization of light), born in Paris (d. 1812)
  • 1775-08-28 Sophie Gail, French singer and composer, born in Paris (d. 1819)
  • 1775-11-15 Georges-Julien Sieber, French music publisher and composer, born in Paris (d. 1847)
  • 1779-01-15 Jean Coralli, French ballet producer & choreographer, born in Paris, France
  • 1779-09-10 Louis Alexandre Piccinni, Italian-French composer, born in Paris (d. 1850)
  • 1779-11-27 Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general and statesman, born in Paris (d. 1865)
  • 1779-12-19 Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers, engraver, born in Paris, France
  • 1780-08-19 Pierre-Jean de Béranger, French poet and songwriter, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1781-05-24 Louis François Dauprat, French composer and horn player, born in Paris (d. 1868)
  • 1781-09-03 Eugène de Beauharnais, stepson of Napoleon I (son of Alexandre de Beauharnais and Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie), born in Paris (d. 1824)
  • 1783-04-10 Hortense de Beauharnais, French Queen of Holland (1806-10), born in Paris (d. 1837)
  • 1785-11-28 Victor de Broglie, 3rd Duke of Broglie, 14th Prime Minister of France (1835-36), born in Paris (d. 1870)
  • 1786-01-23 Auguste de Montferrand, French architect, born in Trocadéro, Paris (d. 1858)
  • 1787-06-04 Constant Prévost, French geologist, born in Paris (d. 1856)
  • 1787-09-05 François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist, born in Paris (d. 1850)

Louis-Jacques Daguerre

1787-11-18 Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (daguerreotype), born in Cormeilles-en-Parisis, France (d. 1851)

  • 1789-06-30 Horace Vernet, French painter of battles and Orientalist subjects, born in Paris (d. 1863)
  • 1789-08-21 Augustin-Louis Cauchy, French mathematician and physicist, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1791-12-24 Eugène Scribe, French dramatist (Bertrand et Raton), born in Paris, France (d. 1861)
  • 1792-11-28 Victor Cousin, French philosopher and educational reformer, born in Paris (d. 1867)
  • 1792-12-20 Nicolas Charlet, French painter, born in Paris, France (d. 1845)
  • 1793-07-02 Antoine Prumier, French harpist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1868)
  • 1793-09-28 Denis-Auguste Affre, Archbishop of Paris (1840-48) and opponent of King Louis-Philippe, born in Saint-Rome-de-Tarn, Aveyron, France (d. 1848)
  • 1794-04-12 Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (geometry), born in Paris (d. 1847)
  • 1795-01-06 Anselme Payen, French chemist, born in Paris, France (d. 1871)
  • 1796-04-26 Auguste Mathieu Panseron, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1859)
  • 1796-07-16 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • 1796-09-25 Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • 1797-07-17 Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1856)
  • 1798-08-21 Jules Michelet, French historian (History of France, L'Amour), born in Paris (d. 1874)
  • 1799-04-22 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physiologist (blood pressure), born in Paris (d. 1869)
  • 1799-05-27 Fromental Halévy, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1862)
  • 1799-07-04 Oscar I, King of Sweden and Norway (1844-59), born in Paris (d. 1859)
  • 1800-03-25 Paulin Paris, French scholar and historian, born in Avenay, France (d. 1881)
  • 1802-08-05 Niels H Abel, Norwegian mathematician (Abel's Comparisons)
  • 1803-04-07 Flora Tristan, French writer and social activist, born in Paris (d. 1844)
  • 1803-05-08 Joseph Napoleon Ney, French politician, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1803-05-24 Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French prince of Canino and Musignano, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1803-09-28 Prosper Mérimée, French author (Carmen), born in Paris (d. 1870)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths