Paris in History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 575


BattleCoup d'état

1794-07-27 Maximilien Robespierre is overthrown in a coup in Paris

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Revolutionary
Maximilien Robespierre
  • 1794-07-28 French Revolution figure Robespierre & 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris
  • 1794-11-19 Jakobin Club forms in Paris
  • 1795-09-23 Conseil of the Cinq-Cents (Council of 500), forms in Paris
  • 1796-05-15 France & Sardinia sign Peace treaty of Paris
  • 1797-03-13 Cherubini's opera "Medée" premieres in Paris
  • 1797-10-22 Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes 1st parachute descent from a balloon in Paris
  • 1800-11-07 It becomes illegal for women in Paris to wear trousers without a Police permit (annulled 2013)

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1803-04-30 Chancellor Robert Livingston and James Monroe sign Louisiana Purchase Treaty in Paris at a cost of 15 million dollars, doubles the size of the USA

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804-12-02 Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned Emperor of France in Paris

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

InventionScientific Discovery

1804-12-07 Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt reports his discovery of the decrease in intensity of Earth's magnetic field from the poles to the equator in a memoir to the Paris Institute

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • 1807-01-20 Napoleon convenes great Sanhedrin, Paris
  • 1814-03-30 Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris after defeating Napoleon
  • 1814-03-31 Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris
  • 1814-05-30 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition - the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
  • 1815-03-20 Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule

  • 1815-11-20 2nd Treaty of Paris: France & her allies agree France pay indemnities after Battle of Waterloo, ending Napoleonic Wars
  • 1815-11-20 Russia, Prussia, Austria and England signs Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" same day as Treaty of Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1816-01-08 Sophie Germain is the first woman to win a prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences for her paper on elasticity

Mathematician Sophie Germain
Mathematician
Sophie Germain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1816-01-22 Lord Byron completes poems "Parisina" and "Siege of Corinth"

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • 1823-04-24 Eugene Scribes opera "Le Menteur Veridique" premieres in Paris
  • 1824-07-30 Gioacchino Rossini becomes manager of Theatre Italian, Paris
  • 1824-09-27 Charles X, King of France, makes his state entry into Paris to popular acclaim
  • 1825-10-17 1st French Liszts operette Don Sanche premieres in Paris
  • 1828-08-20 Gioacchino Rossini's opera "Le Comte Ory" premieres in Paris
  • 1829-08-03 Gioacchino Rossini's "William Tell" premieres in Paris
  • 1829-08-03 Opera "Guillaume Tell" (William Tell) Gioachino Rossini's last and greatest opera premieres in Paris
  • 1830-01-28 Opera "Fra Diavolo" by Daniel Auber, premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1830-02-25 Victor Hugo's "Hernani" premieres in Paris

Author Victor Hugo
Author
Victor Hugo
  • 1830-07-27 Revolution breaks out in Paris, opposing laws of Charles X
  • 1830-12-05 Hector Berlioz' "Symphonique Fantastique" premieres in Paris
  • 1831-11-22 Opera "Robert Le Diable" is produced (Paris)
  • 1832-03-12 The ballet La Sylphide first premieres at the Opéra de Paris.
  • 1832-06-05 Anti-monarchist forces launch an uprising in Paris, starting the unsuccessful June Rebellion
  • 1832-06-06 The barricades fall and the Paris student uprisings of 1832 end
  • 1833-06-28 Three missionaries of the Paris Evangelical Missionary Society obtain permission from Chief Moshoeshoe (Moshesh) to found a mission station in Basutoland (now Lesotho)
  • 1835-01-25 Vincenzo Bellini's opera "I Puritani" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835-04-26 Frederic Chopin's "Grand Polonaise Brillante" premieres in Paris

Composer Frederic Chopin
Composer
Frederic Chopin
  • 1836-02-29 Giacomo Meyerbeers opera "Les Huguenots," premieres in Paris
  • 1836-07-29 Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
  • 1838-09-10 Hector Berlioz' opera "Benvenuto Cellini" premieres in Paris

  • 1838-11-08 Victor Hugo's "Ruy Blas" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1839-08-19 Details of Louis Daguerre's 1st practical photographic process are released in Paris

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • 1840-02-11 Gaetano Donizetti's Opera "La Fille du Regiment" premieres in Paris
  • 1840-12-02 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "La Favorita" premieres in Paris
  • 1840-12-15 Napoleon Bonaparte receives a French state funeral in Paris 19 years after his death
  • 1841-06-28 The Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris premieres the ballet Giselle
  • 1842-01-07 Gioacchino Rossini's cantata "Stabat Mater" premieres in Paris
  • 1842-05-08 Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 die
  • 1843-01-04 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Don Pasquale" premieres in Paris
  • 1844-02-03 Hector Berlioz' "Carnaval Romain" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1845-07-03 Pioneering French magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin opens his magic theatre in Paris

  • 1846-12-06 Opera "La Damnation de Faust" by Hector Berlioz is produced in Paris
  • 1847-11-26 Alfred de Mussets "Un Caprice" premieres in Paris
  • 1848-06-22 Beginning of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers
  • 1848-06-23 Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
  • 1848-06-26 End of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers
  • 1848-11-21 Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto" premieres in Paris
  • 1849-04-16 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "Le prophète" premieres in Paris
  • 1851-07-29 Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia
  • 1851-10-30 Alfred de Musset's "Bettine" premieres in Paris
  • 1851-11-13 Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
  • 1851-11-22 Opera "La Perle Du Brésil" is produced (Paris)
  • 1852-02-02 Alexandre Dumas Jr's "La Dame aux Camélias" premieres in Paris
  • 1852-03-26 Decree regarding streets of Paris passed
  • 1855-06-13 Opera "Les Vêpres Sicilenne" is produced (Paris)
  • 1858-10-21 Jacques Offenbach's operetta " Orpheus in the Underworld" (Orphée aux Enfers) premieres in Paris, includes "Infernal Galop" (can-can tune)
  • 1858-12-18 Passy, at Paris: 1st "Samedi soir" i/d villa of lovers Rossini
  • 1859-03-19 Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris
  • 1859-04-04 Opera "Dinorah" is produced (Paris)
  • 1859-11-12 Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed garment that bears his name
  • 1862-02-28 Opera "La Reine de Saba" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863-05-15 Salon des Refusés opens in Paris, exhibition of works rejected by official Salon, features Paul Cézanne, Camille Pissarro, Henri Fantin-Latour, James Whistler, and Édouard Manet

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne
Painter Camille Pissarro
Painter
Camille Pissarro
Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1863-09-10 Georges Bizet's opera "Les Pêcheurs de Perles" premieres in Paris

Composer Georges Bizet
Composer
Georges Bizet
  • 1863-09-29 Opera "The Pearl Fishers" (Les Pêcheurs de Perles) by Bizet is first produced at the Théâtre Lyrique in Paris
  • 1864-03-14 Gioacchino Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle" premieres in Paris
  • 1864-03-19 Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
  • 1865-04-28 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine" premieres in Paris
  • 1866-11-17 Opera "Mignon" is produced in Paris

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1867-03-11 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Don Carlos" premieres in Paris

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Composer
Giuseppe Verdi
  • 1867-04-01 International Exhibition opens in Paris
  • 1867-04-27 Opera "Romeo et Juliette" is produced in Paris
  • 1868-03-09 The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris
  • 1868-05-31 Dr James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St Cloud, Paris
  • 1869-05-01 Folies Bergère opens in Paris
  • 1869-11-17 Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race, racing 13K Paris to Rouen
  • 1870-09-19 Siege of Paris by Prussian Forces begins (lasts until January 28 1871)
  • 1870-10-07 Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
  • 1871-01-28 Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • 1871-03-18 Communards revolt in Paris
  • 1871-03-26 Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government
  • 1871-05-21 -July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die
  • 1871-05-28 Paris communards revolt put down
  • 1873-05-24 Leo Delibes' opera "Le Roi l'a Dit" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1874-04-15 First 'Impressionist' exhibition opens in Paris, features Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro and Berthe Morisot

Impressionist Painter Claude Monet
Impressionist Painter
Claude Monet
Painter Camille Pissarro
Painter
Camille Pissarro
Painter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste Renoir
Painter & Sculptor
Pierre Auguste Renoir

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 536

  • 1766-11-16 Rodolphe Kreitzer, French composer/virtuoso violinist (Paris Conserv)
  • 1770-02-05 Alexandre Brongniart, mineralogist/geologist (Tertiary), born in Paris, France

Person of interestMarie Francois Xavier Bichat

1771-11-14 Marie François Xavier bichat, anatomist and physiologist (tissue theory), born in Paris, France (d. 1802)

Anatomist and Physiologist Marie Francois Xavier Bichat
Anatomist and Physiologist
Marie Francois Xavier Bichat
  • 1773-10-06 Louis-Philippe, King of France (1830-48), born in Palais Royal, Paris (d. 1850)
  • 1775-07-23 Étienne-Louis Malus, French physicist (Polarization of light), born in Paris (d. 1812)
  • 1775-08-28 Sophie Gail, French singer and composer, born in Paris (d. 1819)

Person of interestSophie Germain

1776-04-01 Sophie Germain, French mathematician, born in Paris, France (d. 1831)

Mathematician Sophie Germain
Mathematician
Sophie Germain
  • 1779-01-15 Jean Coralli, ballet producer/choreographer, born in Paris, France
  • 1779-12-19 Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers, engraver, born in Paris, France
  • 1780-08-19 Pierre-Jean de Béranger, French poet and songwriter, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1781-05-24 Louis François Dauprat, French composer and horn player, born in Paris (d. 1868)
  • 1781-09-03 Eugène de Beauharnais, stepson of Napoleon I (son of Alexandre de Beauharnais and Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie), born in Paris (d. 1824)
  • 1783-04-10 Hortense de Beauharnais, French Queen of Holland (1806-10), born in Paris (d. 1837)
  • 1787-06-04 Constant Prévost, French geologist, born in Paris (d. 1856)
  • 1787-09-05 François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist, born in Paris (d. 1850)

Person of interestLouis-Jacques Daguerre

1787-11-18 Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (daguerreotype), born in Cormeilles-en-Parisis, France (d. 1851)

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • 1789-08-21 Augustin-Louis Cauchy, French mathematician and physicist, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1793-09-28 Denis-Auguste Affre, Archbishop of Paris (1840-48) and opponent of King Louis-Philippe, born in Saint-Rome-de-Tarn, Aveyron, France (d. 1848)
  • 1796-07-16 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • 1796-09-25 Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • 1797-07-17 Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1856)
  • 1798-08-21 Jules Michelet, French historian (History of France, L'Amour), born in Paris (d. 1874)
  • 1799-04-22 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physiologist (blood pressure), born in Paris (d. 1869)
  • 1799-07-04 Oscar I, King of Sweden and Norway (1844-59), born in Paris (d. 1859)
  • 1800-03-25 Paulin Paris, French historian
  • 1802-08-05 Niels H Abel, Norwegian mathematician (Abel's Comparisons)
  • 1803-04-07 Flora Tristan, French writer and social activist, born in Paris (d. 1844)
  • 1803-05-08 Joseph Napoleon Ney, French politician, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1803-05-24 Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French prince of Canino and Musignano, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1804-07-22 Victor Schoelcher, French writer (abolitionism), born in Paris (d. 1893)
  • 1808-04-20 Napoleon III, Emperor of France (1852-70), born in Paris (d. 1873)
  • 1808-05-22 Gérard de Nerval [Gérard Labrunie], French writer, born in Paris (d. 1855)
  • 1809-03-27 Georges Eugene, Baron Haussmann, French administrator and architect, born in Paris (d. 1891)
  • 1809-04-23 Eugene-Prosper Prevost, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1872)
  • 1809-08-27 Hannibal Hamlin, American attorney and 15th Vice President of U.S. (1861-65), born in Paris, Massachusetts (d. 1891)
  • 1810-02-11 Loisa Puget, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1889)
  • 1810-12-11 Alfred de Musset, writer (Un Caprice, Bettine), born in Paris, France
  • 1812-11-09 Paul Abadie, French master builder (renovated Notre Dame), born in Paris (d. 1884)
  • 1814-10-25 Prince Louis, French Duke of Nemours, born in Palais Royal, Paris (d. 1896)
  • 1815-05-05 Eugène Marin Labiche, French playwright (The Italian Straw Hat), born in Paris (d. 1888)
  • 1818-06-17 Charles Francois Gounod, opera composer (Faust), born in Paris, France
  • 1818-09-13 Gustave Aimard, French world explorer and writer (Grande Flibuste), born in Paris (d. 1883)
  • 1819-07-20 Paul Henrion, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1901)
  • 1819-09-17 Leon Foucault, French physicist (pendulum proved Earth rotates), born in Paris (d. 1968)
  • 1820-03-24 Edmond Becquerel, French physicist who studied the solar spectrum, magnetism, electricity and optics (photovoltaic effect), born in Paris, France (d. 1891)
  • 1820-04-05 Nadar [Félix Tournachon], French photographer, born in Paris (d. 1910)
  • 1820-08-20 Adolphe Fétis, Belgian-French pianist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1873)
  • 1821-04-09 Charles-Pierre Baudelaire, French poet and translator (Les Fleurs du mal), born in Paris, France (d. 1867)
  • 1821-07-18 Pauline Viardot, French mezzo-soprano and composer, born in Paris (d. 1910)
  • 1824-04-25 Gustave Boulanger, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1888)
  • 1825-10-01 Raleigh Edward Colston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Paris (d. 1896)
  • 1830-12-17 Jules de Goncourt, French novelist (Germinie), wrote with his brother Edmond de Goncourt, born in Paris (d. 1870)

Person of interestEdouard Manet

1832-01-23 Edouard Manet, French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass), born in Paris, France (d. 1883)

Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet
  • 1834-03-06 George du Maurier, Franco-British illustrator and writer (Trilby), born in Paris, France (d. 1896)
  • 1834-07-19 Edgar Degas, French impressionist painter, sculptor and artist (The Bellelli Family), born in Paris (d. 1917)
  • 1834-09-17 Edouard Pailleron, French attorney, poet and stage writer, born in Paris, France (d. 1899)
  • 1835-05-01 Alfred Napoleon Alexander "Natti" Duffié, French-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Paris, France (d. 1880)
  • 1835-10-09 Camille Saint-Saëns, French composer (Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso), born in Paris (d. 1921)

Person of interestGeorges Bizet

1838-10-25 Georges Bizet, French composer (Carmen), born in Paris (d. 1875)

Composer Georges Bizet
Composer
Georges Bizet
  • 1839-04-05 Stanislaw Pilinski, French pianist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1905)
  • 1839-04-12 Victorin de Joncières, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1903)
  • 1840-04-02 Émile Zola, French novelist and critic (J'accuse), born in Paris, France (d. 1902)

Person of interestAuguste Rodin

1840-11-12 Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (Kiss, Thinker), born in Paris, France (d. 1917)

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Sculptor
Auguste Rodin

Person of interestClaude Monet

1840-11-14 Claude Monet [Oscar-Claude], French impressionist (Water Lilies, Haystacks, Poplars), born in Paris, France (d. 1926)

Impressionist Painter Claude Monet
Impressionist Painter
Claude Monet
  • 1841-01-30 Félix Faure, 6th President of the French Third Republic (1895-99), born in Paris (d. 1899)
  • 1841-10-04 Stephen Albert Emery, American composer and pianist, born in Paris, Maine (d. 1891)
  • 1842-08-30 Victor Alphonse Duvernoy, French pianist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1844-02-21 Charles-Marie Widor, French organist, composer and professor (Paris Conservatory), born in Lyon, France (d. 1937)
  • 1844-04-16 Anatole France [Jacques Anatole Thibault], French writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921), born in Paris (d. 1924)
  • 1844-05-03 Édouard Drumont, French anti-semitic journalist, born in Paris (d. 1917)
  • 1844-09-22 Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (Camille, Queen Elizabeth), born in Paris, France (d. 1923) (birth poss 23rd Oct)
  • 1845-04-05 Jules Cambon, French ambasador, to U.S. (1897), Spain (1902–07) and Germany (1907–14), born in Paris (d. 1935)
  • 1846-05-26 Arthur Coquard, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1910)
  • 1848-02-24 Johanna Barbiers, Dutch actress (Voddenraper of Paris), born in Zaandam, The Netherlands (d. 1927)

Person of interestPaul Gauguin

1848-06-07 Paul Gauguin [Eugene Henri], French post-impressionist painter who worked in French Polynesia, born in Paris (d. 1903)

Painter and Sculptor Paul Gauguin
Painter and Sculptor
Paul Gauguin
  • 1848-07-31 Jean Robert Planquette, French composer (Bells of Corneville), born in Paris (d. 1903)
  • 1848-08-19 Gustave Caillebotte, French shipbuilding design/painter (Rue de Paris)
  • 1848-11-13 Albert I, Prince of Monaco (1889-1922), born in Paris (d. 1922)
  • 1849-04-24 Joseph Gallieni, French general (Battle of Marne) and military governor of Paris, born in Saint-Béat, France (d. 1916)
  • 1849-06-02 Paul-Albert Besnard, French painter and graphic artist (La femme), born in Paris, France (d. 1909)
  • 1850-08-05 Anton Simon, Russian composer, born in Paris (d. 1916)
  • 1850-10-08 Henri Louis le Chatelier, French chemist, born in Paris (d. 1936)
  • 1851-03-27 Vincent d'Indy, French composer and teacher, born in Paris (d. 1931)
  • 1852-09-20 Édouard Empain, Belgian railway builder (Paris Metro), born in Belœil, Belgium (d. 1929)

Person of interestHenri Moissan

1852-09-28 Henri Moissan, French chemist who isolated the element "fluorine" from its compounds (Nobel 1906), born in Paris (d. 1907)

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Henri Moissan
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Moissan

Person of interestHenri Becquerel

1852-12-15 Henri Becquerel, French physicist who discovered radioactivity (Nobel 1903), born in Paris, France (d. 1908)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Becquerel

Person of interestAndré Michelin

1853-01-16 Andre Michelin, French industrialist,tire manufacturer (Michelin) and publisher of the Michelin Guide, born in Paris (d. 1931)

Industrialist André Michelin
Industrialist
André Michelin
  • 1853-03-08 Edward Hubertus Joannes Keurvels, Flemish composer (Parisina), born in Antwerp (d. 1916)
  • 1854-08-03 Fernand de La Tombelle, French organist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1928)
  • 1856-03-16 Napoléon IV, Prince Imperial, Emperor of the French (1873-79), born in Paris, French Empire (d. 1879)
  • 1856-07-24 Charles Émile Picard, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1941)
  • 1856-12-27 André Gedalge, French composer (le Petit Savoyard, Phoebé) and Mayor of Chessy, Seine-et-Marne, born in Paris, France (d. 1926)
  • 1857-11-02 Joseph Babinski, Polish-French neurologist (Babinski reflex), born in Paris (d. 1932)
  • 1858-03-13 Maximilien Luce, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1941)

Person of interestRudolf Diesel

1858-03-18 Rudolf Diesel, French-born German engineer (invented the diesel engine), born in Paris, France (disappeared 1913)

Mechanical Engineer Rudolf Diesel
Mechanical Engineer
Rudolf Diesel
  • 1858-05-19 Roland Napoléon Bonaparte, French prince and president of the Société de Géographie, born in Paris, France (d. 1924)
  • 1859-05-02 Eugène d'Harcourt, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1918)
  • 1859-05-15 Pierre Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1903) and husband of Marie Curie, born in Paris, France (d. 1906)

Person of interestGeorges Seurat

1859-12-02 Georges Seurat, French post-impressionist painter (A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of Grande Jatte), born in Paris, France (d. 1891)

Post-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat
Post-Impressionist Painter
Georges Seurat
  • 1860-07-26 Philippe J Bunau-Varilla, French engineer (Colombia-Panama), born in Paris (d. 1940)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths