Paris in History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 556

BattleCoup d'état

1794-07-27 Maximilien Robespierre is overthrown in a coup in Paris

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Maximilien Robespierre
  • 1794-07-28 French Revolution figure Robespierre & 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris
  • 1794-11-19 Jakobin Club forms in Paris
  • 1795-09-23 Conseil of the Cinq-Cents (Council of 500), forms in Paris
  • 1796-05-15 France & Sardinia sign Peace treaty of Paris
  • 1797-03-13 Cherubini's opera "Medée" premieres in Paris
  • 1797-10-22 Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes 1st parachute descent from a balloon in Paris

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1803-04-30 Chancellor Robert Livingston and James Monroe sign Louisiana Purchase Treaty in Paris at a cost of 15 million dollars, doubles the size of the USA

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804-12-02 Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned Emperor of France in Paris

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

InventionScientific Discovery

1804-12-07 Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt reports his discovery of the decrease in intensity of Earth's magnetic field from the poles to the equator in a memoir to the Paris Institute

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • 1807-01-20 Napoleon convenes great Sanhedrin, Paris
  • 1814-03-30 Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris after defeating Napoleon
  • 1814-03-31 Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris
  • 1814-05-30 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition - the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
  • 1815-03-20 Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule
  • 1815-11-20 2nd Treaty of Paris: France & her allies agree France pay indemnities after Battle of Waterloo, ending Napoleonic Wars
  • 1815-11-20 Russia, Prussia, Austria and England signs Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" same day as Treaty of Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1816-01-22 Lord Byron completes poems "Parisina" and "Siege of Corinth"

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • 1823-04-24 Eugene Scribes opera "Le Menteur Veridique" premieres in Paris
  • 1824-07-30 Gioacchino Rossini becomes manager of Theatre Italian, Paris
  • 1824-09-27 Charles X, King of France, makes his state entry into Paris to popular acclaim
  • 1825-10-17 1st French Liszts operette Don Sanche premieres in Paris
  • 1828-08-20 Gioacchino Rossini's opera "Le Comte Ory" premieres in Paris
  • 1829-08-03 Gioacchino Rossini's "William Tell" premieres in Paris
  • 1829-08-31 Opera "Guillaume Tell" is produced (Paris)
  • 1830-01-28 Opera "Fra Diavolo" by Daniel Auber, premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1830-02-25 Victor Hugo's "Hernani" premieres in Paris

Author Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo
  • 1830-07-27 Revolution breaks out in Paris, opposing laws of Charles X
  • 1830-12-05 Hector Berlioz' "Symphonique Fantastique" premieres in Paris
  • 1831-11-22 Opera "Robert Le Diable" is produced (Paris)
  • 1832-03-12 The ballet La Sylphide first premieres at the Opéra de Paris.
  • 1832-06-05 Anti-monarchist forces launch an uprising in Paris, starting the unsuccessful June Rebellion
  • 1832-06-06 The barricades fall and the Paris student uprisings of 1832 end
  • 1833-06-28 Three missionaries of the Paris Evangelical Missionary Society obtain permission from Chief Moshoeshoe (Moshesh) to found a mission station in Basutoland (now Lesotho)
  • 1835-01-25 Vincenzo Bellini's opera "I Puritani" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835-04-26 Frederic Chopin's "Grand Polonaise Brillante" premieres in Paris

Composer Frederic Chopin
Frederic Chopin
  • 1836-02-29 Giacomo Meyerbeers opera "Les Huguenots," premieres in Paris
  • 1836-07-29 Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
  • 1838-09-10 Hector Berlioz' opera "Benvenuto Cellini" premieres in Paris
  • 1838-11-08 Victor Hugo's "Ruy Blas" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1839-08-19 Details of Louis Daguerre's 1st practical photographic process are released in Paris

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • 1840-02-11 Gaetano Donizetti's Opera "La Fille du Regiment" premieres in Paris
  • 1840-12-02 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "La Favorita" premieres in Paris
  • 1840-12-15 Napoleon Bonaparte receives a French state funeral in Paris 19 years after his death
  • 1841-06-28 The Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris premieres the ballet Giselle
  • 1842-01-07 Gioacchino Rossini's cantata "Stabat Mater" premieres in Paris
  • 1842-05-08 Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 die
  • 1843-01-04 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Don Pasquale" premieres in Paris
  • 1844-02-03 Hector Berlioz' "Carnaval Romain" premieres in Paris
  • 1846-12-06 Opera "La Damnation de Faust" by Hector Berlioz is produced in Paris
  • 1847-11-26 Alfred de Mussets "Un Caprice" premieres in Paris

  • 1848-06-22 Beginning of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers
  • 1848-06-23 Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
  • 1848-06-26 End of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers
  • 1848-11-21 Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto" premieres in Paris
  • 1849-04-16 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "Le prophète" premieres in Paris
  • 1851-07-29 Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia
  • 1851-10-30 Alfred de Musset's "Bettine" premieres in Paris
  • 1851-11-13 Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
  • 1851-11-22 Opera "La Perle Du Brésil" is produced (Paris)
  • 1852-02-02 Alexandre Dumas Jr's "La Dame aux Camélias" premieres in Paris
  • 1852-03-26 Decree regarding streets of Paris passed
  • 1855-06-13 Opera "Les Vêpres Sicilenne" is produced (Paris)
  • 1858-10-21 In Paris, the Can-Can is 1st performed
  • 1858-10-21 Jacques Offenbach's opera "Orphée aux Enfers" premieres in Paris
  • 1858-12-18 Passy, at Paris: 1st "Samedi soir" i/d villa of lovers Rossini
  • 1859-03-19 Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris
  • 1859-04-04 Opera "Dinorah" is produced (Paris)
  • 1859-11-12 Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed garment that bears his name
  • 1862-02-28 Opera "La Reine de Saba" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863-05-15 Salon des Refusés opens in Paris, exhibition of works rejected by official Salon, features Paul Cézanne, Camille Pissarro, Henri Fantin-Latour, James Whistler, and Édouard Manet

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne
Painter Camille Pissarro
Camille Pissarro
Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1863-09-10 Georges Bizet's opera "Les Pêcheurs de Perles" premieres in Paris

Composer Georges Bizet
Georges Bizet
  • 1863-09-29 Opera "Pescatori di Perle" is produced (Paris)
  • 1864-03-14 Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle" premieres in Paris
  • 1864-03-19 Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
  • 1865-04-28 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine" premieres in Paris
  • 1866-11-17 Opera "Mignon" is produced in Paris

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1867-03-11 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Don Carlos" premieres in Paris

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • 1867-04-01 International Exhibition opens in Paris
  • 1867-04-27 Opera "Romeo et Juliette" is produced in Paris
  • 1868-03-09 The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris
  • 1868-05-31 Dr James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St Cloud, Paris
  • 1869-05-01 Folies Bergère opens in Paris
  • 1869-11-17 Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race, racing 13K Paris to Rouen
  • 1870-09-19 Siege of Paris by Prussian Forces begins (lasts until January 28 1871)
  • 1870-10-07 Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
  • 1871-01-28 Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • 1871-03-18 Communards revolt in Paris
  • 1871-03-26 Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government
  • 1871-05-21 -July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die
  • 1871-05-28 Paris communards revolt put down
  • 1873-05-24 Leo Delibes' opera "Le Roi l'a Dit" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1874-04-15 First 'Impressionist' exhibition opens in Paris, features Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro and Berthe Morisot

Impressionist Painter Claude Monet
Impressionist Painter
Claude Monet
Painter Camille Pissarro
Camille Pissarro
Painter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste Renoir
Painter & Sculptor
Pierre Auguste Renoir
  • 1875-01-05 Charles Garnier's new Opera opens in Paris
  • 1875-03-03 Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)
  • 1876-08-10 1st phone call between Brantford & Paris, Canada
  • 1877-04-19 Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris)
  • 1877-04-27 Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced in Paris
  • 1881-02-10 Jacques Offenbach's opera "Les Contes d'Hoffman" premieres in Paris

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 323

  • 1860-07-26 Philippe J Bunau-Varilla, French engineer (Colombia-Panama), born in Paris (d. 1940)
  • 1860-12-13 Lucien Guitry, French actor (La Dame aux camélias), born in Paris, France (d. 1925)
  • 1861-12-08 George Melies, early filmmaker (A trip to the Moon), born in Paris, France
  • 1867-01-20 Yvette Guilbert [Emma Laure Esther Guilbert], French singer and actress, born in Paris, France (d. 1944)

Person of interestAndré Gide

1869-11-22 Andre Gide, French writer (Lafcadio's Adventures-Nobel 1947), born in Paris (d. 1951)

Writer André Gide
André Gide
  • 1871-07-10 Marcel Proust, French intellectual and novelist (Remembrance of Things Past), born in Paris, France (d. 1922)
  • 1872-03-19 Anna Held, Polish-born French actress and singer (A Parisian Model), born in Warsaw (d. 1918)

Person of interestColette

1873-01-28 Colette [Sidonie-Gabrielle], French novelist and performer (Gigi), born in Paris, France

Novelist and Performer Colette
Novelist and Performer
  • 1873-11-10 Henri Rabnaud, French composer (Le Premer Glaire), born in Paris, France (d. 1949)
  • 1874-01-25 [William] Somerset Maugham, British novelist/poet (Of Human Bondage), born in Paris, France
  • 1875-04-04 Pierre Monteux, French-American conductor (Boston Symph Orch 1919-24), born in Paris, France (d. 1964)
  • 1875-07-31 Harry Northrup [Henri N.], French-born American poet and actor (The Heart of Maryland, The Unchastened Woman), born in Paris, France (d. 1936)
  • 1876-04-04 Maurice de Vlaminck, Fauvist painter (Village in the Snow), born in Paris, France (d. 1958)
  • 1878-06-25 Jean Gallon, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1959)
  • 1878-10-17 Henri Mulet, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1967)
  • 1881-11-08 Robert Esnault-Pelterie, French Engineer and aviation pioneer who contributed to early heavier-than-air flight in Europe, born in Paris, France
  • 1882-03-19 Gaston Lachaise, American sculptor (Standing Woman), born in Paris, France (d. 1935)
  • 1882-11-22 Charles Vildrac, French author, poet and playwright (La Brouille, Michel Auclair, Notes sur la technique poétique), born in Paris, France (d. 1971)
  • 1884-01-31 Nicholas Joy, French actor (Gentleman's Agreement, Desk Set, Boss Lady), born in Paris, France (d. 1964)
  • 1886-03-07 Raymond Largay, American actor (April in Paris, Variety Girl), born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin (d. 1974)
  • 1887-09-16 Nadia Boulanger, French composer and conductor (1st woman to conduct Boston Symphony), born in Paris, France (d. 1979)
  • 1888-05-27 Louis Durey, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1979)
  • 1888-09-12 Maurice Chevalier, French actor and singer (Thank heaven for little girls), born in Paris (d. 1972)
  • 1889-01-27 Balthasar van der Pol, physicist (Comparison of Van der Pol)
  • 1889-02-23 Musidora [Jeanne Roques], French actress and director (Les vampires, Judex), born in Paris, France (d. 1957)
  • 1889-05-23 José Padilla, Almería, Spanish composer and pianist (La Violetera - City Lights, Ça c'est Paris - Moulin Rouge)
  • 1889-10-25 Abel Gance, French movie director (J'accuse), born in Paris (d. 1981)
  • 1890-08-15 Jacques Ibert, composer (Escales), born in Paris, France
  • 1891-01-26 Ilya G Ehrenburg, writer (Fall of Paris, The Thaw), born in Kiev, Ukraine
  • 1891-04-19 Francoise Rosay [Françoise Bandy de Nalèche], French actress (Interlude, Women in Prison, Saraband), born in Paris, France (d. 1974)
  • 1891-09-11 Noel Gallon, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1966)
  • 1893-08-31 Lily Laskine, French harpist, born in Paris (d. 1988)
  • 1893-12-16 Vladimir Golschmann, conductor with Immortal Downbeat, born in Paris, France
  • 1894-04-23 George Renevant [Georges de Cheux], French actor (Moulin Rouge, Scotland Yard, Comrade X), born in Paris, France (d. 1969)
  • 1894-12-17 David Butler, director (April in Paris, Calamity Jane), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1897-10-03 Louis Aragon, French poet and writer (Les Lettres françaises, Pour un réalisme socialiste), born in Paris, France (d. 1982)
  • 1897-12-23 Julien Carette, French actor (Sylvia & the Phantom), born in Paris, France (d. 1966)
  • 1898-04-12 Lily Pons, French opera singer (Met Opera) and actress (That Girl From Paris), born in Draguignan, France (d. 1976)
  • 1899-01-07 Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc, composer/pianist (Les Biches), born in Paris, France
  • 1899-11-16 Mary Margaret McBride, radio personality (WOR-AM, NYC), born in Paris, Missouri
  • 1899-12-31 Gaston Glass, film executive, born in Paris, France
  • 1900-02-21 Madeleine Renaud, French actress and theater director (Plaisir), born in Paris, Ile-de-France (d. 1994)
  • 1900-04-06 Andres Sas, Belgian Peruvian composer, born in Paris (d. 1967)
  • 1900-09-06 Julien Green, American-French writer (Frere Francois), born in Paris (d. 1998)
  • 1900-10-13 Marius-Francois Gaillard, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1973)
  • 1900-11-17 Marcel Dalio [Israel Moshe Blauschild], French actor (Sabrina, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Casablanca), born in Paris, France (d. 1983)
  • 1900-11-25 Arthur Schwartz, composer (Girl from Paris, Excuse my Dust)
  • 1901-03-19 Jo Mielziner, set designer (Carousel, Death of a Salesman), born in Paris, France
  • 1901-09-16 Andree Joly Bunet, French pairs figure skater (Olympic gold 1928, 32), born in Paris (d. 1993)

Person of interestAndré Malraux

1901-11-03 André Malraux [Berger], French novelist and art historian (La Condition Humaine), born in Paris, France (d. 1976)

Novelist André Malraux
André Malraux
  • 1902-04-03 Henri Garat, French actor (Valse royale, Congress Dances), born in Paris, France (d. 1959)
  • 1902-04-13 Philippe de Rothschild, manager (Bordeaux Vineyard), born in Paris, France
  • 1902-12-22 Jacques-Philippe Leclerc, French WW II hero (liberator of Paris)
  • 1903-02-28 Vincente Minnelli, director (An American in Paris, Gigi), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1986)
  • 1903-05-08 Fernandel [Fernand Contandin], French actor (The Little World of Don Camillo), born in Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France (d. 1971)
  • 1903-07-29 Diana Vreeland, French-American fashion editor (Harper's Bazaar, Vogue), born in Paris (d. 1989)
  • 1903-08-18 Lucienne Boyer, French singer (Parlez-moi d'amour), born in Paris (d. 1983)
  • 1903-08-19 Claude Dauphin, French actor (Barbarella, April in Paris, Deported), born in Corbeil-Essonnes, Essonne, France (d. 1978)

Person of interestClaudette Colbert

1903-09-13 Claudette Colbert [Lily Chauchoin], French-born American actress (Texas Lady, It Happened One Night), born in Paris (d. 1996)

  • 1904-06-18 Manuel Rosenthal, French composer (Bootleggers), born in Paris, France (d. 2003)
  • 1904-07-02 René Lacoste, French tennis player (7 Grand Slam titles, Lacoste clothing), born in Paris, France (d. 1996)
  • 1905-04-02 Serge Lifar, Russian-French dancer, choreographer (Paris Opera Ballet), born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1986)
  • 1905-04-08 George Baxter, French actor (Flying Saucer, Lili, Caged), born in Paris, France (d. 1976)
  • 1905-04-26 Jean Vigo, French actor and director (Zero For Conduct, L'Atlante), born in Paris, France (d. 1934)

Person of interestJean-Paul Sartre

1905-06-21 Jean-Paul Sartre, French existentialist philosopher and writer (Le Mur, Nobel 1964; declined), born in Paris (d. 1980)

  • 1905-08-08 Andre Jolivet, composer (L'Eunuque), born in Paris, France
  • 1906-03-25 Jean Sablon, French singer-songwriter, born in Nogent-sur-Marne, near Paris (d. 1994)
  • 1906-04-28 Pierre [Louis] Boileau, novelist (Vertigo), born in Paris, France
  • 1906-06-03 Josephine Baker, American dancer/Parisian night club owner (Folies-Bergere) in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1975)
  • 1906-06-24 Pierre Fournier, violon cellist (Paris Conservatoire), born in Paris, France
  • 1906-12-27 Oscar Levant, American actor (An American in Paris, Dance of Life), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1972)
  • 1907-07-14 Annabella [Suzanne G Charpentier], French actress (Dinner at Ritz), born in Paris, France (d. 1996)
  • 1907-12-08 Tony Aubin, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1981)

Person of interestSimone de Beauvoir

1908-01-09 Simone de Beauvoir, French author and feminist (The Mandarins, The Second Sex), born in Paris, France (d. 1986)

  • 1908-08-13 Gene Raymond [Raymond Guion], American actor (Paris 7000, Love on a Bet, Fireside Theater), born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1909-02-03 Simone Weil, social philosopher/Resistance fighter (WWII), born in Paris, France
  • 1910-12-19 Jean Genet, criminal/novelist/dramatist (The Blacks), born in Paris, France
  • 1911-01-05 Jean-Pierre Aumont, French actor (Lili, Cat & Mouse, Happy Hooker), born in Paris, France (d. 2001)
  • 1911-04-27 Georges Dargaud, French publisher (Astérix, Tintin), born in Paris (d. 1990)

Person of interestGeorges Pompidou

1911-07-05 Georges Pompidou, President/Prime Minister of France (1962-74), born in Paris, France (d. 1974)

French President Georges Pompidou
French President
Georges Pompidou
  • 1911-10-14 Lê Ðức Thọ, Vietnamese revolutionary general, politician and negotiator in Paris (1975)
  • 1912-05-29 Lucie Aubrac [Bernard], history teacher and French resistance member, born in Paris, France (d. 2007)
  • 1912-08-23 Gene Kelly, American dancer and actor (An American in Paris, Going My Way), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1996)
  • 1912-09-13 Reta Shaw, American actress (Ghost & Mrs Muir, Mary Poppins, Picnic), born in South Paris, Maine (d. 1982)
  • 1913-03-18 Rene Clement, director/writer (Is Paris Burning), born in Bordeaux, France
  • 1913-04-11 Oleg Cassini, American fashion designer (for Jackie Kennedy), born in Paris, France (d. 2006)
  • 1914-07-31 Raymond Aubrac, French resistance leader, born in Paris, France (d. 2012)
  • 1914-09-08 Dimitrios I, patriarch (primus interparis orthodox Christians)
  • 1915-03-15 David Schoenbrun, CBS broadcast bureau head (Wash, Paris)
  • 1915-09-29 Brenda Marshall [Ardis Ankerson], American actress (The Sea Hawk, Paris After Dark), born in Island of Negros, Philippines (d. 1992)

Person of interestEdith Piaf

1915-12-19 Édith Piaf, [E Giovanna Gassion], chanteuse (Little Sparrow), born in Paris, France (d. 1963)

Singer Edith Piaf
Edith Piaf
  • 1916-12-31 Suzy Delair, French actress and singer (The Murderer Lives at Number 21, Utopia, White Paws), born in Paris, France
  • 1917-04-22 Yvette Chauviré, French ballerina, born in Paris (d. 2016)
  • 1917-10-20 Jean-Pierre Melville, director (A Cop), born in Paris, France
  • 1917-11-22 Bridget Bate Tichenor (born Bridget Pamela Arkwright Bate), Mexican surrealist painter, born in Paris, France
  • 1918-01-28 Suzanne Flon, French actress (One Deadly Summer, Moulin Rouge), born in Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, Seine (d. 2005)
  • 1919-09-09 Jacques Marin, French character actor (The Vintage, Charade), born in Paris, France (d. 2001)
  • 1919-10-12 Andre Casanova, composer, born in Paris (d. 2009)
  • 1920-01-22 George Breakston, French-American producer, actor and director (Jungle Stampede, It Happened One Night), born in Paris, France (d. 1973)
  • 1920-04-04 Éric Rohmer [Maurice Schérer], French director, journalist and teacher (My Night at Maud's, Claire's Knee, Le rayon vert), born in Tulle, Corrèze, France (d. 2010)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths