Paris in History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 607

  • 1871-05-28 Paris communards revolt put down
  • 1873-05-24 Leo Delibes' opera "Le Roi l'a Dit" ("The King Has Spoken") premieres at the Opéra-Comique in Paris
  • 1875-01-05 Charles Garnier's new Opera opens in Paris

Music Premiere

1875-03-03 Georges Bizet's last and greatest opera "Carmen" premieres at the Opéra-Comique in Paris, France

  • 1876-08-10 1st phone call between Brantford & Paris, Canada
  • 1877-04-19 Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris)

Music Premiere

1877-04-27 Jules Massenet's opera "Le Roi de Lahore" (The King of Lahore) premieres at the Palais Garnier, Paris, France

  • 1881-02-10 Jacques Offenbach's opera "Les Contes d'Hoffman" premieres in Paris
  • 1881-02-13 The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by activist Hubertine Auclert
  • 1882-06-02 Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza festival welcomed in Paris

Theater Premiere

1882-12-11 Victorien Sardous play "Fedora" with Sarah Bernhardt premieres in Paris

  • 1883-03-20 Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property
  • 1883-04-14 Leo Delibes' opera "Lakmé" premieres with the Opéra-Comique at the Salle Favart in Paris

The Orient Express

1883-10-04 The Orient Express departs on its first official journey from Paris to Istanbul

  • 1884-01-19 Jules Massenet's opera "Manon" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1884-07-29 Society of Independent Artists founded in Paris by Albert Dubois-Pillet, Odilon Redon, Georges Seurat and Paul Signac

  • 1884-12-01 Society of Independent Artists hold 1st exhibition in Polychrome Pavilion, Paris, includes Georges Seurat's "Bathers at Asnières"
  • 1885-11-30 Opera "El Cid" premieres (Paris)
  • 1886-08-20 Second Salon exhibition by Society of Independent Artists held in Paris; includes Georges Seurat's "A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte"

Historic Event

1887-01-28 Work begins on the Eiffel Tower in Paris

  • 1887-05-18 Emmanuel Chabrier's opera "Le roi malgré lui" (King, in spite of himself) premieres at the Opéra-Comique in Paris; after 3 performances the theatre burns down
  • 1887-05-25 Gas lamp at Paris Opera catches fire; 200 die
  • 1887-11-24 Victorien Sardou's "La Tosca" premieres in Paris
  • 1887-12-17 Georges Feydeau's "Tailleur Pour Dames" premieres in Paris
  • 1888-05-07 Édouard Lalo's opera "Le roi d'Ys" premieres in Paris

Eiffel Tower Opens

1889-03-31 Eiffel Tower officially opens in Paris. Built for the Exposition Universelle, at 300m high it retains the record for the tallest man made structure for 41 years.

  • 1889-05-06 Exposition Universelle (World's Fair) in Paris opens with the recently completed Eiffel Tower serving as the entrance arch
  • 1889-05-18 Jules Massenet's opera "Esclarmonde" premieres in Paris
  • 1889-10-06 Moulin Rogue opens in Paris
  • 1889-10-31 Exposition Universelle (World's Fair) in Paris closes after 32 million visitors
  • 1891-04-01 London-Paris telephone connection opens
  • 1891-05-15 Jules Massenet's opera "Grisélidis" premieres in Paris
  • 1894-01-09 Georges Feydeau's "Un à la Patte" premieres in Paris
  • 1894-02-12 Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into Paris's Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20
  • 1894-03-16 Jules Massenet's opera "Thaïs" premieres in Paris, includes piece “Méditation” for violin and orchestra
  • 1894-06-23 The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin
  • 1894-11-01 Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr Roux of Paris
  • 1894-12-05 Georges Feydeaus' "L'hôtel du libre échange" premieres in Paris

Music History

1894-12-22 Claude Debussy's first orchestral masterpiece "Prélude à l'apres-midi d'un faune" premieres in Paris

  • 1895-06-13 Emile Levassor wins the first automobile race in history the Paris-Bordeaux-Paris, taking 48 hours and 48 minutes (1,178 km)
  • 1895-10-22 In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop, crosses more than 30 meters of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse
  • 1895-12-28 Filmmakers the Lumiere brothers, hold the first commercial film screening at Salon Indien du Grand Café, Paris
  • 1896-02-08 Georges Feydeau's "Le Dindon" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1896-02-11 Oscar Wilde's "Salome" premieres in Paris

  • 1896-05-20 The six ton chandelier of the Palais Garnier opera house in Paris falls on the crowd resulting in the death of one and the injury of many others
  • 1897-12-09 Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde in Paris.
  • 1897-12-28 Edmond Rostand's "Cyrano de Bergerac" premieres in Paris
  • 1898-09-13 20,000 Paris construction workers go on strike

Spain Declares War Against the United States

1898-12-10 Treaty of Paris which ended the Spanish–American War is signed by US President McKinley; US acquires Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam

  • 1899-04-11 Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US

Music History

1900-01-06 Maurice Ravel's "Albaradode Gracioso" premieres in Paris

  • 1900-02-02 Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise" premieres in Paris
  • 1900-04-15 Exposition Universelle (World's Fair) in Paris opens (till 12th Nov)
  • 1900-05-20 Second modern Summer Olympics (Games of the II Olympiad) opens in Paris and continues for 5 months
  • 1900-08-19 Start of first and only Olympic cricket match in Paris; GB beats France by 158 runs
  • 1900-10-19 Painter Henry O Tanner wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition
  • 1900-10-28 II Summer (Modern) Olympic Games, Paris, France: competition ends after 5 months; no opening or closing ceremonies conducted
  • 1900-11-12 Exposition Universelle (World's Fair) in Paris closes after 50 million visitors - Art Nouveau style dominates

Historic Event

1901-03-17 At a show in Paris, 71 Vincent van Gogh's paintings cause a sensation, 11 years after his death

Historic Event

1901-06-24 1st exhibition by Pablo Picasso aged 19, opens in Paris

  • 1901-10-26 First recorded use of "getaway car" occurs after holding up a shop in Paris
  • 1901-11-20 Opera "Grisélidis" by Jules Massenet, Armand Silvestre and Eugène Morand premieres in Paris
  • 1902-04-05 Maurice Ravel's "Pavane pour une infante defunte (Pavane for A Dead Princess)" premieres in Paris, performed by Spanish pianist Ricardo Viñes
  • 1902-04-30 Claude Debussy's only completed opera "Pelléas et Mélisande" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1903-05-01 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Paris, where he is feted in a first step toward improving Anglo-French relations, culminating in the signing of the Entente Cordiale on 8 April, 1904

  • 1903-07-01 Tour de France: Inaugural race begins in Montgeron, a south-eastern suburb of Paris
  • 1904-05-17 Maurice Ravel's song cycle "Shéhérazade" premieres with Jeanne Hatto as soprano, at the Salle Nouveau Théâtre, Paris, France
  • 1904-05-21 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) forms in Paris

Music History

1905-03-13 Mata Hari first performs her dance act at the Guimet Museum, Paris

Music History

1906-02-18 Vincent d'Indy's "Jour D'été à La Montagne" premieres in Paris

  • 1906-06-06 Paris Métro Line 5 is inaugurated with a first section from Place d'Italie to the Gare d'Orléans (today known as Gare d'Austerlitz)
  • 1907-03-02 Georges Feydeaus' "La Puce à l'Oreille" premieres in Paris
  • 1907-05-10 Paul Dukas' opera "Ariane et Barbe Bleue" premieres in Paris
  • 1907-08-10 Prince Scipone Borchesi wins Beijing to Paris, 7,500 mile auto rally
  • 1908-02-12 NY to Paris auto race (via Alaska & Siberia) begins in NYC George Schuster wins after 88 days behind the wheel
  • 1908-05-30 Paris advocate E Archdeacon is 1st passenger in a airplane
  • 1908-07-30 Around the World Automobile Race ends in Paris
  • 1908-08-17 Projection in Paris of the very first animated cartoon, Fantasmagorie realized by Émile Cohl
  • 1909-02-02 Italian writer Marinetti publishes Futurist Manifest in Paris
  • 1910-01-26 Heavy rains cause floods in Paris
  • 1910-02-07 Edmond Rostand's "Chantecler" premieres in Paris
  • 1910-03-08 Baroness Raymonde de Laroche of Paris becomes the 1st ever licensed female pilot

Music Premiere

1910-06-25 Igor Stravinsky's ballet "The Firebird" for the Ballets Russes premieres at the Opéra de Paris, Paris

  • 1910-12-03 Neon lights first publicly displayed (Paris Auto Show)
  • 1911-04-12 1st non-stop London-Paris flight (Pierre Prier in 3h56m)
  • 1911-05-19 Maurice Ravel's opera "L'Heure Espagnole" premieres at the Opéra-Comique, Paris, France

Historic Event

1911-11-20 The funeral of Paul and Laura Lafargue (daughter of Karl Marx) in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end

  • 1912-05-29 Ballets Russes premieres their ballet L'après-midi d'un faune (The Afternoon of a Faun) in Paris, choreographed by Vaslav Nijinsky
  • 1912-12-20 Paul Claudels "L'Annonce Faite à Marie" premieres in Paris
  • 1913-05-29 Igor Stravinsky's avant-garde ballet score "Le Sacre du Printemps" (The Rite of Spring) for the Ballets Russes premieres at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris, provoking a riot

Sports History

1913-12-09 Heavyweight Jack Johnson-Jim Johnson fight to no decision in Paris

  • 1914-01-22 Paul Claudel's play "L'échange" premieres in Paris
  • 1914-05-15 Henri Rabaud's opera "Marouf, savetier de Caire" premieres in Paris
  • 1914-08-30 1st German plane bombs Paris, 2 killed
  • 1914-08-31 General von Kluck decides not to attack Paris

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 771

  • 1804-05-31 Louise Farrenc (née Dumont), French pianist, composer and only female professor at the Paris Conservatory during the 19th century, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • 1804-07-01 George Sand [Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dudevant], French novelist (Valentine, Le Figaro), born in Paris, France (d. 1876)
  • 1804-07-22 Victor Schoelcher, French writer (abolitionism), born in Paris (d. 1893)
  • 1806-05-27 Charles-Joseph Tolbecque, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1835)
  • 1806-10-28 Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle, French-Swiss botanist, born in Paris (d. 1893)
  • 1806-12-06 Gilbert Duprez, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1896)

Napoleon III

1808-04-20 Napoleon III, Emperor of France (1852-70), born in Paris (d. 1873)

  • 1808-05-22 Gérard de Nerval [Gérard Labrunie], French writer, born in Paris (d. 1855)
  • 1808-11-18 Antoine-Amable-Elie Elwart, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1877)
  • 1808-12-04 Ernest Panckoucke, French publisher (Horatius), born in Paris (d. 1886)
  • 1809-03-27 Georges Eugene, Baron Haussmann, French administrator and architect, born in Paris (d. 1891)
  • 1809-04-23 Eugene-Prosper Prevost, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1872)
  • 1809-08-27 Hannibal Hamlin, American attorney and 15th Vice President of U.S. (1861-65), born in Paris, Massachusetts (d. 1891)
  • 1810-02-11 Loisa Puget, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1889)
  • 1810-12-11 Alfred de Musset, French writer (Un Caprice, Bettine), born in Paris, France (d. 1857)
  • 1812-04-15 Théodore Rousseau, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1867)
  • 1812-05-23 Henri-François-Alphonse Esquiros, French poet and writer (Les Vierges Folles), born in Paris (d. 1876)
  • 1812-11-09 Paul Abadie, French master builder (renovated Notre Dame), born in Paris (d. 1884)
  • 1813-11-30 Charles-Valentin Alkan, French pianist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1888)
  • 1813-11-30 Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (works characterized by a deep sense of pessimism), born in Paris (d. 1890)
  • 1814-07-02 Thérèse Wartel, French pianist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1865)
  • 1814-10-25 Prince Louis, French Duke of Nemours, born in Palais Royal, Paris (d. 1896)
  • 1815-05-05 Eugène Marin Labiche, French playwright (The Italian Straw Hat), born in Paris (d. 1888)
  • 1815-10-13 Jules Quicherat, French historian and archaeologist, born in Paris (d. 1882)
  • 1815-11-03 Adrien Louis Boieldieu, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1883)
  • 1816-01-15 Marie LaFarge, French murderer, born in Paris, France (d. 1852)
  • 1817-05-31 Édouard Deldevez, French violinist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1897)
  • 1818-06-17 Charles Gounod, French opera composer (Faust), born in Paris, France (d. 1893)
  • 1818-09-13 Gustave Aimard, French world explorer and writer (Grande Flibuste), born in Paris (d. 1883)
  • 1819-07-20 Paul Henrion, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1901)
  • 1819-09-17 Leon Foucault, French physicist whose pendulum proved that the Earth rotates, born in Paris (d. 1868)
  • 1819-09-21 Louise Marie Thérèse of Artois, Duchess of Parma and Piacenza, born in Élysée Palace, Paris, France (d. 1864)
  • 1820-03-24 Edmond Becquerel, French physicist who studied the solar spectrum, magnetism, electricity and optics (photovoltaic effect), born in Paris, France (d. 1891)
  • 1820-04-05 Nadar [Félix Tournachon], French photographer and balloonist, took the first aerial photograph, born in Paris (d. 1910)
  • 1820-08-20 Adolphe Fétis, Belgian-French pianist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1873)
  • 1821-04-09 Charles-Pierre Baudelaire, French poet and translator (Les Fleurs du mal), born in Paris, France (d. 1867)
  • 1821-06-13 Albert, 4th duc de Broglie, Prime Minister of France (1873-74, 1977), born in Paris (d. 1901)
  • 1821-07-18 Pauline Viardot, French pianist, mezzo-soprano, and composer (Cendrillon), born in Paris (d. 1910)
  • 1821-09-17 Arthur Saint-Leon, French composer and dancer, born in Paris (d. 1870)
  • 1824-04-25 Gustave Boulanger, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1888)
  • 1825-10-01 Raleigh Edward Colston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Paris (d. 1896)
  • 1827-10-29 Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist (Thomsen–Berthelot principle of thermochemistry), born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1830-01-23 Gaston, Marquis de Galliffet, French general & Minister of War (1899-1900), born in Paris, France (d. 1909)
  • 1830-12-17 Jules de Goncourt, French novelist (Germinie), wrote with his brother Edmond de Goncourt, born in Paris (d. 1870)

Edouard Manet

1832-01-23 Edouard Manet, French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass), born in Paris, France (d. 1883)

  • 1834-03-06 George du Maurier, Franco-British illustrator and writer (Trilby), born in Paris, France (d. 1896)

Edgar Degas

1834-07-19 Edgar Degas, French impressionist painter, sculptor and artist (The Bellelli Family), born in Paris (d. 1917)

  • 1834-09-17 Edouard Pailleron, French attorney, poet and stage writer, born in Paris, France (d. 1899)
  • 1835-05-01 Alfred Napoleon Alexander "Natti" Duffié, French-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Paris, France (d. 1880)
  • 1835-10-09 Camille Saint-Saëns, French composer (Samson et Dalila; Organ Symphony), born in Paris (d. 1921)

Georges Bizet

1838-10-25 Georges Bizet, French composer (Carmen), born in Paris (d. 1875)

  • 1839-04-05 Stanislaw Pilinski, French pianist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1905)
  • 1839-04-12 Victorin de Joncières, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1903)
  • 1839-10-30 Alfred Sisley, French impressionist painter, born in Paris (d. 1899)
  • 1840-04-02 Émile Zola, French novelist and critic (J'accuse - I Accuse), born in Paris, France (d. 1902)

Auguste Rodin

1840-11-12 Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (Kiss, Thinker), born in Paris, France (d. 1917)

Claude Monet

1840-11-14 Claude Monet [Oscar-Claude], French impressionist painter (Water Lilies, Haystacks, Poplars), born in Paris, France (d. 1926)

  • 1841-01-30 Félix Faure, 6th President of the French Third Republic (1895-99), born in Paris (d. 1899)
  • 1841-04-13 Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor, born in Paris (d. 1905)
  • 1841-10-04 Stephen Albert Emery, American composer and pianist, born in Paris, Maine (d. 1891)
  • 1841-12-20 Ferdinand Buisson, French academic & pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize 1927), born in Paris, France (d. 1932)
  • 1842-08-30 Victor Alphonse Duvernoy, French pianist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1843-05-29 Émile Pessard, French pianist, concert and comic opera composer, and teacher (Maurice Ravel, Jacques Ibert), born in Paris (d. 1917)
  • 1843-06-19 Charles-Édouard Lefebvre, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1917)
  • 1843-10-30 Henri Regnault, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1871)
  • 1843-11-19 Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (founded the epistemological theory of knowledge known as empirical criticism), born in Paris (d. 1896)
  • 1844-02-21 Charles-Marie Widor, French organist (Saint-Sulpice, 1870-1933), composer (10 organ symphonies), and professor (American Conservatory at Fontainebleau, 1921-34), born in Lyon, France (d. 1937)
  • 1844-04-16 Anatole France [Jacques Anatole Thibault], French writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921), born in Paris (d. 1924)
  • 1844-05-03 Édouard Drumont, French anti-semitic journalist, born in Paris (d. 1917)
  • 1844-08-07 Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist and petrologist, born in Paris (d. 1911)

Sarah Bernhardt

1844-10-22 Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (Camille, Queen Elizabeth), born in Paris, France (d. 1923) (birth poss 23rd Oct)

  • 1845-04-05 Jules Cambon, French ambassador, to U.S. (1897), Spain (1902–07) and Germany (1907–14), born in Paris (d. 1935)
  • 1846-05-26 Arthur Coquard, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1910)
  • 1846-08-25 Judith Gautier, French poetess, novelist (Le Dragon Impérial) and daughter of Theophile Gautier, born in Paris (d. 1917)
  • 1847-07-02 Marcel Bertrand, French geologist and mine engineer (tectonic geology), born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1847-08-09 Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, Queen consort of Spain (1870-73), born in Paris (d. 1876)
  • 1847-11-08 Jean Casimir-Périer, French politician (President of France 1894-95), born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1847-12-16 Augusta Holmes, Irish-French pianist and composer, born in Paris, France (d. 1903)
  • 1848-02-24 Johanna Barbiers, Dutch actress (Voddenraper of Paris), born in Zaandam, The Netherlands (d. 1927)

Paul Gauguin

1848-06-07 Paul Gauguin [Eugene Henri], French post-impressionist painter who worked in French Polynesia, born in Paris (d. 1903)

  • 1848-07-31 Jean Robert Planquette, French composer (Bells of Corneville), born in Paris (d. 1903)
  • 1848-08-19 Gustave Caillebotte, French painter (Rue de Paris) and member of Impressionists, born in Paris (d. 1894)
  • 1848-10-03 Henry Lerolle, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1929)
  • 1848-11-13 Albert I, Prince of Monaco (1889-1922), born in Paris (d. 1922)
  • 1849-04-24 Joseph Gallieni, French general (Battle of Marne) and military governor of Paris, born in Saint-Béat, France (d. 1916)
  • 1849-06-02 Paul-Albert Besnard, French painter and graphic artist (La femme), born in Paris, France (d. 1909)
  • 1849-08-18 Benjamin Godard, French composer and violinist, born in Paris, France (d. 1895)
  • 1850-08-05 Anton Simon, Russian composer, born in Paris, France (d. 1916)
  • 1850-10-08 Henri Louis le Chatelier, French chemist, born in Paris (d. 1936)

Vincent d'Indy

1851-03-27 Vincent d'Indy, French composer (Symphony on a French Mountain Air), and teacher, born in Paris (d. 1931)

  • 1851-05-21 Léon Bourgeois, French politician, French Prime Minister (1895-96, Nobel 1920), born in Paris, France (d. 1925)
  • 1852-09-20 Édouard Empain, Belgian railway builder (Paris Metro), born in Belœil, Belgium (d. 1929)

Henri Moissan

1852-09-28 Henri Moissan, French chemist who isolated the element "fluorine" from its compounds (Nobel 1906), born in Paris (d. 1907)

Henri Becquerel

1852-12-15 Henri Becquerel, French physicist who discovered radioactivity (Nobel 1903), born in Paris, France (d. 1908)

André Michelin

1853-01-16 Andre Michelin, French industrialist, tire manufacturer (Michelin) and publisher of the Michelin Guide, born in Paris (d. 1931)

  • 1853-03-08 Edward Hubertus Joannes Keurvels, Flemish composer (Parisina), born in Antwerp (d. 1916)
  • 1853-04-21 Charles Malherbe, French violinist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1911)
  • 1853-04-22 Alphonse Bertillon, French police officer and anthropologist (devised crime ID system), born in Paris (d. 1914)
  • 1854-08-03 Fernand de La Tombelle, French organist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1928)
  • 1855-11-05 Léon Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (stratosphere), born in Paris (d. 1913)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths