Paris in History (Part 4)

Historical Events

Events 301 - 400 of 607

First Battle of the Marne

1914-09-06 World War I: First Battle of the Marne begins, French and British forces prevent German advance on Paris (till the 12th Sept)

  • 1914-12-10 French government returns to Paris
  • 1915-10-21 1st transatlantic radiotelephone message, Arlington, Va to Paris
  • 1916-01-29 1st bombing of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
  • 1916-06-14 Representatives of eight Allied nations hold an economic conference in Paris at which they discuss ways to cripple their enemies economic power during and after the war

Music History

1917-02-13 Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari is arrested in Paris on suspicion that she is a German spy

  • 1917-05-18 Erik Satie, Leonide Massine and Pablo Picasso's ballet "Parade" premieres in Paris
  • 1917-06-14 General Pershing and his HQ staff arrived in Paris during WW I
  • 1917-07-24 Trial of Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari begins in Paris for allegedly spying for Germany and thus causing the deaths of 50,000 soldiers
  • 1917-10-15 Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for Germany during WWI at Vincennes near Paris
  • 1918-02-09 Sacha Guitry's "Deburan" premieres in Paris
  • 1918-03-23 Germany begins using long-range gun, the 'Kaiser Wilhelm Geschütz' ('Emperor William Gun'), aka 'Paris Gun' to shell Paris from Crépy-en-Laonnais, 75 miles away; over several days, 303 rounds kill 256 and wound over 600
  • 1919-01-18 The Paris peace conference (aka the Versailles peace conference) opens to draw up the treaties formally ending the Great War (WWI)
  • 1919-02-15 American Legion organizes in Paris

Historic Event

1919-02-19 Pan-African Congress, organized by W.E.B. Du Bois in Paris

Conference of Interest

1919-03-25 Woodrow Wilson's dream of a League of Nations becomes a reality after the League Covenant is adopted at the Paris Peace Conference

  • 1919-03-30 Paul Claudel's "Tête d'Or" premieres in Paris
  • 1919-05-04 Demonstrates organised by students erupt in China, after news from the Paris Peace Conference that the Allies intend to give Shangtung to Japan
  • 1919-05-06 Paris Peace Conference disposes of German colonies; German East Africa is assigned to Britain and France, German South West Africa to South Africa

Historic Event

1919-08-04 Rodin Museum opens in Paris in The hôtel Biron containing works left to the state by the sculptor Auguste Rodin

  • 1919-08-25 1st scheduled passenger service by airplane (Paris-London)
  • 1920-01-10 Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris
  • 1920-01-16 1st assembly of the League of Nations is held in Paris
  • 1920-11-11 The burials of unknown soldiers take place simultaneously in Westminster Abbey, London, and at the Arc de Triomphe, Paris

Music History

1920-12-12 Maurice Ravel's ballet "La Valse" premieres in Paris

  • 1921-01-24 Paris Conference on reparations is held
  • 1921-08-28 2nd Pan-African Congress meets (London, Brussels & Paris)

Music History

1922-01-20 Arthur Honegger's ballet "Skating Rink" premieres at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris, France

Historic Publication

1922-02-02 James Joyce's "Ulysses" first published by Sylvia Beach in Paris (1,000 copies)

  • 1922-08-20 1st Women's World Games (first track & field competition for women) is conducted over 1-day at the Pershing Stadium in Paris
  • 1923-11-11 Eternal flame lit for the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
  • 1924-05-04 VIII Summer Olympic Games open at Olympic Stadium of Colombes, Paris, France
  • 1924-07-07 American Robert LeGendre sets then long jump world record at 25' 5½" in Paris, France
  • 1924-07-20 Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) forms in Paris
  • 1924-07-27 VIII Summer Olympic Games close in Paris, France
  • 1924-08-03 Dutch track cyclist Piet Moeskops wins his 4th consecutive UCI world sprint championship in Paris
  • 1924-10-11 Bureau of Surrealist Research opens in Paris, directed by Antonin Artaud, resource centre for surrealist writers

Historic Publication

1924-10-15 André Breton publishes his "Surrealist Manifesto" with Éditions du Sagittaire in Paris

  • 1924-12-01 "La Révolution surréaliste" publishes its first issue in Paris, edited by André Breton
  • 1924-12-14 Respighi's symphony "Pini di Roma" premieres in Paris

Music History

1925-10-02 Josephine Baker first performs in Paris in La Revue Nègre at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées

  • 1926-05-25 Sholom Schwartzbard assassinates Symon Petliura, the head of the Paris-based government-in-exile of the Ukrainian People's Republic

Music Premiere

1926-12-16 Darius Milhaud's opera "Le Pauvre Matelot" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1927-05-20 At 7:40 AM, Charles Lindbergh takes off from New York to cross the Atlantic for Paris, aboard Spirit of St Louis in the 1st solo nonstop transatlantic flight

  • 1927-05-21 Aviator Charles Lindbergh, in the Spirit of St Louis, lands in Paris after the first solo air crossing of Atlantic
  • 1927-12-27 Philip Barry's "Paris Bound" premieres in NYC
  • 1928-07-29 23rd Davis Cup: France beats USA in Paris (4-1)

Music Premiere

1928-10-08 Cole Porter and E. Ray Goetz' musical "Paris" opens at the Music Box Theater, NYC; runs for 195 performances

Music History

1928-12-13 George Gershwin's "An American In Paris" premieres at Carnegie Hall, NYC, performed by the New York Philharmonic conducted by Walter Damrosch

  • 1929-03-09 Marcel Pagnol's "Marius" premieres in Paris
  • 1929-05-21 Sergei Prokoviev's ballet "Prodigal Son" premieres in Paris
  • 1929-07-28 24th Davis Cup: France beats USA in Paris (3-2)
  • 1929-11-08 Jean Giraudoux' "Amphitryon '38" premieres in Paris
  • 1930-07-27 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Paris, France: Home team wins 4th straight title as Jean Borotra beats American George Lott 5-7, 6-3, 2-6, 6-2, 8-6 for unassailable 3-1 lead; ends 4-1
  • 1931-07-26 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Paris, France: Henri Cochet beats Fred Perry 6-4, 1-6, 9-7, 6-3 to give France 3-2 win over Great Britain and 5th straight title

Theater Premiere

1931-11-04 Jean Genet's play "Judith" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1932-04-26 Jean Anouilh's "L'Ermine" premieres in Paris

  • 1932-07-31 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Paris, France: Home team wins 6th straight title as Jean Borotra beats American Wilmer Allison 1-6, 3-6, 6-4, 6-2, 7-5 for unassailable 3-1 lead; ends 3-2
  • 1933-02-27 Jean Genet's play "Intermezzo" premieres in Paris
  • 1933-06-05 French Championship Women's Tennis: England's Margaret Scriven is first woman from that country to win the singles title in Paris; beats Simonne Mathieu 6-2, 4-6, 6-4

Historic Event

1933-06-07 George Balanchine and Kurt Weills' ballet chanté "7 Deadly Sins" premieres in Paris

  • 1933-07-30 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Paris, France: Fred Perry beats André Merlin 4-6, 8-6, 6-2, 7-5 to give Great Britain a 3-2 victory over France; ends French 6 title win streak
  • 1933-10-13 JDJ Boularan's "Tovarich" premieres in Paris
  • 1933-12-23 Train crash in Eastern Paris; 230 die
  • 1933-12-24 Paris express train derails & kills 160, injures 300 (France)
  • 1934-01-21 Parisian baker and "student of medieval life" Henri Littière appears in court charged with forcing his adulterous wife Juliette to wear a chastity belt. Having committed the same offence in 1932, he was sentenced to three months in prison and fined 50 francs for cruelty to his wife
  • 1934-12-21 French film "Zouzou" premieres in Paris, starring Josephine Baker; 1st black woman to star in a major motion picture
  • 1935-03-21 Jean Anouilh's play "Y avait un prisonnier" premieres in Paris
  • 1935-11-21 Jean Giraudoux' "La Guerre de Troie n'Aura" premieres in Paris

Olympic Gold

1936-02-22 Sonja Henie of Norway follows up her Winter Olympics victory with an incredible 10th consecutive women’s World Championship figure skating gold medal in Paris, France

  • 1936-02-28 Karl Schäfer of Austria follows up his Winter Olympics victory with his 7th consecutive men’s figure skating World Championship title in Paris, France
  • 1936-02-28 Olympic champions Ernst Baier and Maxi Herber of Germany win their 4th consecutive pairs figure skating gold medal at the World Championships in Paris, France

Murder of Interest

1936-04-14 French singer Édith Piaf questioned after nightclub owner and her patron Louis Leplée murdered in Paris

  • 1937-02-16 Jean Anouilh's "Le Voyageur Sans Baggage" premieres in Paris
  • 1937-11-25 World's Fair of Paris closes (31.2 million visitors)
  • 1938-01-10 Jean Anouilh's "La Sauvage" premieres in Paris
  • 1938-06-19 FIFA World Cup Final, Stade Olympique de Colombes, Paris, France: Luigi Colausig & Silvio Piola each score 2 goals as Italy beats Hungary, 4-1
  • 1938-11-10 Second day of Kristallnacht: pogrom against the Jews in Germany and Austria after assassination of a German diplomat in Paris
  • 1939-07-07 "The Rules of the Game", French film directed by Jean Renoir, starring Nora Gregor and Paulette Dubost, premieres in Paris
  • 1939-08-03 Jean Genet's play "Ondine" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1940-05-16 British Premier Winston Churchill returns to London from Paris

  • 1940-05-22 UK Premier Winston Churchill flies to Paris to decide with General Maxime Weygand a strategy to save the city
  • 1940-05-31 Winston Churchill flies to Paris to meet with French Marshal Philippe Pétain who announces he is willing to make a separate peace with Germany
  • 1940-06-13 Paris evacuates before German advance
  • 1940-06-14 German forces enter Paris during WWII
  • 1940-06-15 World War II: France surrenders to NAZI Germany, German troops occupy Paris

Historic Event

1940-06-23 After conquering France, Adolf Hitler visits Paris and views the Eiffel Tower and the grave of Napoleon Bonaparte

  • 1940-11-11 Thousands of Paris students lay a wreath at the Grave of the Unknown Soldier
  • 1941-04-14 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up
  • 1941-05-14 3,600 Parisian Jews arrested
  • 1941-08-20 Police raid 11th district of Paris, takes 4,000+ Jewish males
  • 1941-10-02 6 Paris synagogues are bombed by Gestapo
  • 1941-10-03 Nazis blow up 6 synagoges in Paris
  • 1941-12-12 German occupying army do a house search in Paris looking for Jews
  • 1942-03-11 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschwitz Concentration Camp
  • 1942-07-16 French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 301 - 400 of 771

  • 1856-03-16 Napoléon IV, Prince Imperial, Head of the House of Bonaparte (1873-79), born in Paris, French Empire (d. 1879)
  • 1856-07-24 Charles Émile Picard, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1941)
  • 1856-12-27 André Gedalge, French composer (le Petit Savoyard, Phoebé) and Mayor of Chessy, Seine-et-Marne, born in Paris, France (d. 1926)
  • 1857-04-19 Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, French scholar and philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1939)
  • 1857-11-02 Joseph Babinski, Polish-French neurologist (Babinski reflex), born in Paris (d. 1932)
  • 1858-03-13 Maximilien Luce, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1941)

Rudolf Diesel

1858-03-18 Rudolf Diesel, French-born German engineer who invented the diesel engine, born in Paris (d. 1913)

  • 1858-05-19 Roland Napoléon Bonaparte, French prince and president of the Société de Géographie, born in Paris, France (d. 1924)
  • 1859-05-02 Eugène d'Harcourt, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1918)
  • 1859-05-15 Pierre Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1903) and husband of Marie Curie, born in Paris, France (d. 1906)
  • 1859-05-30 Pierre Janet, French psychologist and neurologist (contributed to the modern concept of mental and emotional disorders involving anxiety, phobias, and other abnormal behaviour), born in Paris (d. 1947)
  • 1859-10-14 Camille Chevillard, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1923)

Georges Seurat

1859-12-02 Georges Seurat, French post-impressionist painter (A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of Grande Jatte), born in Paris, France (d. 1891)

  • 1859-12-12 Maurice Donnay, French playwright (Lovers), born in Paris (d. 1945)
  • 1860-07-26 Philippe J Bunau-Varilla, French engineer (Colombia-Panama), born in Paris (d. 1940)
  • 1860-12-13 Lucien Guitry, French actor (La Dame aux camélias), born in Paris, France (d. 1925)
  • 1861-06-10 Pierre Duhem, French naturalist, philosopher and historian, born in Paris (d. 1916)
  • 1861-12-08 George Méliès, French early filmmaker (A trip to the Moon), born in Paris (d. 1938)
  • 1862-07-18 Victor, Prince Napoléon (Napoléon V), French pretender to throne, born in Palais-Royal, Paris (d. 1926)
  • 1862-12-07 Paul Adam, French writer (La Bataille d'Uhde), born in Paris (d. 1920)
  • 1862-12-08 Georges Feydeau, French playwright (La Dame de Chez Maxim's), born in Paris (d. 1921)
  • 1863-01-01 Pierre de Coubertin, French educator and historian (founder International Olympic Committee; President IOC 1896–1925), born in Paris, France (d. 1937)
  • 1863-11-11 Paul Signac, French painter (developed the technique called pointillism with Georges Seurat), born in Paris (d. 1935)
  • 1863-12-05 Paul Painlevé, French Prime Minister (1917, 1925), born in Paris (d. 1933)
  • 1863-12-25 Charles Pathé, French pioneer of film and record industries (Pathé Brothers, 1896), born in Paris, France (d. 1957)
  • 1864-10-14 Maurice de Plessys, French poet (Palace Occidental), born in Paris (d. 1924)

Henri Desgrange

1865-01-31 Henri Desgrange, French cyclist and journalist, founder of the Tour-de-France, born in Paris, France (d. 1940)

  • 1865-10-01 Paul Dukas, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1935)
  • 1867-01-20 Yvette Guilbert [Emma Laure Esther Guilbert], French singer and actress, born in Paris, France (d. 1944)
  • 1867-11-27 Charles Koechlin, French composer (The Jungle Book), born in Paris (d. 1950)
  • 1868-05-06 Gaston Leroux, French writer (The Phantom of the Opera), born in Paris (d. 1927)
  • 1869-04-12 Henri Désiré Landru, French sex murderer, born in Paris (d. 1922)

André Gide

1869-11-22 Andre Gide, French writer (Lafcadio's Adventures-Nobel 1947), born in Paris (d. 1951)

  • 1870-09-24 Georges Claude, French engineer and inventor (neon light), born in Paris (d. 1960)
  • 1870-12-02 Francis Casadesus, French violinist, composer and conductor, born in Paris (d. 1954)
  • 1871-05-27 Georges Rouault, French expressionist painter (Miserere et Guerre), born in Paris (d. 1958)
  • 1871-07-10 Marcel Proust, French intellectual and novelist (Remembrance of Things Past), born in Paris, France (d. 1922)
  • 1872-01-23 Paul Langevin, French physicist, born in Paris, France (d. 1946)
  • 1872-03-19 Anna Held, Polish-born French actress and singer (A Parisian Model), born in Warsaw (d. 1918)
  • 1872-04-09 Léon Blum, Prime Minister of France (People's Front Government), born in Paris (d. 1950)
  • 1872-09-20 Maurice Gamelin, French Army general (unable to stop the German assault on France (May 1940)), born in Paris (d. 1958)
  • 1873-01-08 Lucien Capet, French composer and violinist, born in Paris, France (d. 1928)


1873-01-28 Colette [Sidonie-Gabrielle], French author, novelist (Gigi, La Vagabonde) and actress, born in Paris, France (d. 1954)

  • 1873-07-01 Alice Guy-Blaché, French film director who was the first woman to direct a film (The Fairy of the Cabbages), born in Paris (d. 1968)
  • 1873-09-08 Alfred Jarry, French writer (Ubu Roi), born in Layal, Mayenne, Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1873-11-10 Henri Rabnaud, French composer (Le Premer Glaire), born in Paris, France (d. 1949)
  • 1874-01-25 W. Somerset Maugham, British novelist & poet (Of Human Bondage), born in Paris, France (d. 1965)

Henri Farman

1874-05-26 Henri Farman, British-French aviator who broke several aviation records, born in Paris (d. 1958)

  • 1875-04-04 Pierre Monteux, French-American conductor (Boston Symph Orch 1919-24), born in Paris, France (d. 1964)
  • 1875-07-31 Harry Northrup [Henri N.], French-born American poet and actor (The Heart of Maryland, The Unchastened Woman), born in Paris, France (d. 1936)
  • 1875-10-02 Henry Février, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1957)
  • 1876-04-04 Maurice de Vlaminck, Fauvist painter (Village in the Snow), born in Paris, France (d. 1958)
  • 1877-02-12 Louis Renault, French automobile executive, born in Paris, France (d. 1944)
  • 1877-04-24 Charles Cuvillier, French composer of operetta (The Naughty Princess), born in Paris (d. 1955)
  • 1877-04-30 Alice B. Toklas, American-Parisian avant-garde and companion of Gertrude Stein, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1967)
  • 1877-06-14 Jane Bathori, French mezzo-soprano, born in Paris (d. 1970)
  • 1878-02-21 Mirra Richard [The Mother], French-born Indian spiritual leader (Sri Aurobindo), born in Paris, France (d. 1973)
  • 1878-05-28 Paul Pelliot, French Sinologist and Orientalist best known for his explorations of Central Asia and his discovery of many important Chinese texts among the Dunhuang manuscripts, born in Paris (d. 1945)
  • 1878-06-06 Vincent de Moro-Giafferi, French criminal attorney, born in Paris (d. 1956)
  • 1878-06-25 Jean Gallon, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1959)
  • 1878-10-17 Henri Mulet, French organist, cellist, and composer (Carillon-Sortie; Esquisses Byzantines), born in Paris (d. 1967)
  • 1879-01-22 Francis Picabia, French avante-garde artist, writer and typographist (Amorous Parade), born in Paris, France (d. 1953)
  • 1879-04-20 Paul Poiret, French couturier, the most fashionable dress designer of pre-World War I, born in Paris (d. 1944)
  • 1879-07-01 Leon Jouhaux, French socialist and co-founder UN's ILO (Nobel 1951), born in Paris (d. 1954)
  • 1881-03-20 Eugène Schueller, French chemist, founder of L'Oréal, born in Paris, France (d. 1957)
  • 1881-11-08 Robert Esnault-Pelterie, French engineer and aviation pioneer who contributed to early heavier-than-air flight in Europe, born in Paris (d. 1957)
  • 1882-03-19 Gaston Lachaise, American sculptor (Standing Woman), born in Paris, France (d. 1935)
  • 1882-11-18 Jacques Maritain, French Catholic philosopher (exponent of St Thomas), born in Paris (d. 1973)
  • 1882-11-22 Charles Vildrac, French author, poet and playwright (La Brouille, Michel Auclair, Notes sur la technique poétique), born in Paris, France (d. 1971)
  • 1883-10-31 Marie Laurencin, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1956)
  • 1883-12-22 Edgard Varèse, French-American composer (Ionisation; Poème électronique), born in Burgundy, France (d. 1965)
  • 1884-01-31 Nicholas Joy, French actor (Gentleman's Agreement, Desk Set, Boss Lady), born in Paris, France (d. 1964)
  • 1884-06-13 Étienne Gilson, French philosopher and historian, born in Paris (d. 1978)
  • 1884-06-30 Georges Duhamel, French author (Vie et aventures de Salavin, 5 vol.), born in Paris (d. 1966)
  • 1885-06-29 André Gailhard, French classical music composer, born in Paris (d. 1966)
  • 1886-03-07 Raymond Largay, American actor (April in Paris, Variety Girl), born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin (d. 1974)
  • 1886-05-09 Francis Biddle, 58th United States Attorney General (1941-45), born in Paris (d. 1968)
  • 1886-11-19 Fernand Crommelynck, Belgian playwright (Le Cocu Magnificent), born in Paris (d. 1970)
  • 1887-09-16 Nadia Boulanger, French composer and conductor (1st woman to conduct Boston Symphony), born in Paris, France (d. 1979)
  • 1887-10-24 Octave Lapize, French cyclist (Tour de France 1910), born in Paris, France (d. 1917)
  • 1888-05-27 Louis Durey, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1979)
  • 1888-09-12 Maurice Chevalier, French actor and singer ("Thank Heaven For Little Girls"), born in Paris (d. 1972)
  • 1889-01-22 Henri Pélissier, French cyclist (Tour de France 1923), born in Paris, France (d. 1935)
  • 1889-01-27 Balthasar van der Pol, physicist (Comparison of Van der Pol)
  • 1889-02-23 Musidora [Jeanne Roques], French actress and director (Les vampires, Judex), born in Paris, France (d. 1957)
  • 1889-05-28 José Padilla, Spanish composer and pianist (La Violetera - City Lights; Ça c'est Paris - Moulin Rouge), born in Almería, Spain
  • 1889-10-05 Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (Memorias de Mamá Blanca), born in Paris (d. 1936)
  • 1889-10-25 Abel Gance, French movie director (J'accuse), born in Paris (d. 1981)
  • 1889-11-26 Albert Dieudonné, French actor and novelist (Backbiters, Napoleon), born in Paris, France (d. 1976)
  • 1890-01-01 Alice Tissot, French actress (Italian Straw Hat), born in Paris, France (d. 1971)
  • 1890-04-23 Marcel L'Herbier, French director and screenwriter (El Dorado), born in Paris (d. 1979)
  • 1890-08-15 Jacques Ibert, French composer (Escales), born in Paris, France (d. 1962)
  • 1891-01-26 Ilya G Ehrenburg, writer (Fall of Paris, The Thaw), born in Kyiv, Ukraine
  • 1891-02-12 Maurice Yvain, French operetta composer, born in Paris, France (d. 1965)
  • 1891-04-19 Francoise Rosay [Françoise Bandy de Nalèche], French actress (Interlude, Women in Prison, Saraband), born in Paris, France (d. 1974)
  • 1891-09-11 Noel Gallon, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1966)
  • 1893-04-18 Violette Morris, French athlete and spy for Nazi Germany, born in Paris (d. 1944)
  • 1893-08-21 (Marie-Juliette) "Lili" Boulanger, French composer (first female winner of the Prix de Rome composition prize), born in Paris (d. 1918)
  • 1893-08-31 Lily Laskine, French harpist, born in Paris (d. 1988)
  • 1893-11-05 Raymond Loewy, French-American industrial designer, born in Paris (d. 1986)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths