French History (Part 10)

Historical Events

Events 901 - 1,000 of 2,340

  • 1814-05-17 Occupation of Monaco changes from French to Austrian

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1814-05-30 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition - the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1814-11-01 Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars.
  • 1815-01-03 France, the United Kingdom, and Austria form an alliance against Russia and Prussia
  • 1815-02-26 Napoleon Bonaparte and his supporters leave Elba to start a 100 day re-conquest of France
  • 1815-06-01 Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France
  • 1815-06-16 Battle at Ligny: French army under Napoleon beats Prussia
  • 1815-06-16 Battle at Quatre-Bras: allies strike French
  • 1815-06-18 Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815-07-09 King Louis XVIII leaves Ghent for France

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815-07-09 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord takes office as the first Prime Minister of France

Politician and Diplomat Talleyrand
Politician and Diplomat
Talleyrand
  • 1815-09-26 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord resigns as Prime Minister of France
  • 1815-11-20 2nd Treaty of Paris: France & her allies agree France pay indemnities after Battle of Waterloo, ending Napoleonic Wars
  • 1816-01-12 France decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever
  • 1816-02-27 Dutch regain Suriname from the French after the defeat of Napoleon
  • 1816-07-01 French frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of Géricault's painting "Raft of the Medusa"

  • 1816-07-02 French frigate "Medusa" runs aground off Cap Blanc.
  • 1816-07-02 French frigate "La Méduse" runs aground under incompetent leadership of aristocrat Viscount of Chaumareys, forcing evacuation of 400 passengers. 150 men, 1 woman are left on "la Machine," a poorly provisioned raft. 13 days later only 15 survivors remain due to starvation, riots, madness, suicide, and cannibalism
  • 1816-07-17 "L'Argus" accidentally discovers raft holding survivors from wrecked French frigate "Méduse." After 13 days at sea only 15 of 151 remain, the rest having been cannibalised, murdered, or committed suicide. This event was made famous by Théodore Gericault’s painting "The Raft of the Medusa"
  • 1816-07-19 Survivors of French frigate Medusa rescued off Senegal after 17 days
  • 1818-09-30 Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France & England
  • 1818-10-09 Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • 1820-09-25 French Physicist Francois Arago announces electromagnetism in his discovery that a copper wire between the poles of a voltaic cell could laterally attract iron filings to itself
  • 1821-08-19 Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII
  • 1822-05-03 Society for the Propagation of the Faith founded in Lyon, France
  • 1822-09-27 French scholar Jean-François Champollion announces that he has deciphered the Rosetta stone
  • 1824-09-27 Charles X, King of France, makes his state entry into Paris to popular acclaim
  • 1825-05-20 Charles X becomes King of France
  • 1825-06-20 Coronation of Charles X, the last Bourbon king of France
  • 1825-10-17 1st French Liszts operette Don Sanche premieres in Paris
  • 1827-10-20 Battle at Navarino: Engl/Russ/French fleet beat Turk/Egyptian fleet
  • 1828-04-20 Frenchman René Caillié is the first non-Muslim to enter Timbuktu, returns to win 10,000 franc prize from Société de Géographie
  • 1828-10-07 The Greek city of Patras is liberated by the French expeditionary force in Peloponnese under General Maison.
  • 1829-03-22 The three protecting powers (Britain, France and Russia) establish the borders of Greece.
  • 1829-08-08 French government of De Polignac forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1830-02-15 Beginning of the famous debate between French naturalists Georges Cuvier and Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire on animal structure

Naturalist and Zoologist Georges Cuvier
Naturalist and Zoologist
Georges Cuvier
  • 1830-06-12 Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers land 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch
  • 1830-07-05 France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest
  • 1830-08-02 Charles X of France abdicates in favour of his grandson the Duc de Bordeaux
  • 1830-08-09 Louis-Philippe formally accepts crown of France, following abdication of Charles X
  • 1830-12-20 Great Britain, France, Prussia, Austria and Russia recognize Belgium

  • 1831-03-10 The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria
  • 1832-11-23 French take Antwerp in liberation of Belgium
  • 1832-12-04 French army begins bombing citadel of Antwerp
  • 1834-03-09 French Foreign Legion is founded.
  • 1835-07-09 St Etienne-Lyons railway opens in France
  • 1837-02-10 Russian poet Alexander Pushkin is fatally injured in a duel with French officer Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès (1/29 OS)
  • 1838-11-30 Mexico declares war on France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1839-01-02 1st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • 1840-03-01 Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France.
  • 1840-08-18 French colony established in Akaroa, South Island of New Zealand
  • 1840-12-15 Napoleon Bonaparte receives a French state funeral in Paris 19 years after his death
  • 1843-11-28 Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day - The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1845-07-03 Pioneering French magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin opens his magic theatre in Paris

  • 1848-02-24 King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared
  • 1848-02-26 2nd French Republic proclaimed
  • 1848-03-05 Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance
  • 1848-03-12 2nd Republic established in France
  • 1848-04-28 Slavery abolished in French colonies
  • 1848-06-22 Beginning of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers
  • 1848-06-26 End of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers
  • 1848-09-16 Slavery abolished in all French territories
  • 1849-07-03 The French entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.
  • 1851-12-02 French President Charles Louis Bonaparte in a Coup d'etat overthrows the Second Republic establishing himself as Emperor.
  • 1851-12-04 President Louis Napoleon Boaparte's forces crush an attempted coup d'etat in France
  • 1852-09-24 Henri Giffard, a French engineer, makes 1st engine powered dirigible/airship flight with steam power
  • 1853-09-24 France annexes New Caledonia
  • 1854-03-28 Britain and France declare war on Russia during the Crimean War
  • 1854-07-13 In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon
  • 1854-09-04 English/French assault on Petropavlovsk Kamchatka
  • 1854-09-14 British and French forces land at Calamita Bay on the Crimean Peninsula, during the Crimean War
  • 1854-10-17 French and British forces bombard Sevastopol for the first time during the Crimean War
  • 1854-11-05 Crimean War: British & French defeat Russian force of 50,000 at Inkerman
  • 1855-06-17 Heavy French/British bombing of Sebastopol, Crimea: 2,000+ killed
  • 1855-09-08 French forces successfully assault the Malakoff Line during the Crimean War
  • 1855-09-08 British and French troops capture Sevastopol from the Russians, effectively ending the Crimean War
  • 1856-10-28 French Magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin performs for Algerian Marabouts in Algeria to convince them that French magic is the stronger
  • 1857-01-26 Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville delivers his design for a phonautograph, which created visual images of sound, to the French Academy
  • 1857-03-03 Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China
  • 1857-07-18 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French
  • 1858-01-14 French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed
  • 1858-02-11 First vision of the Virgin Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes, France
  • 1859-02-16 The French Government passes a law to set the A-note above middle C to a frequency of 435 Hz, in an attempt to standardize the pitch
  • 1859-06-04 Second Italian War of Independence: Battle of Magenta, results in a French-Sardinian victory under Napoleon III over the Austrians under Marshal Ferencz Gyulai

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1859-06-24 Battle of Solferino, Northern Italy: a French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II overcame the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • 1859-06-30 French acrobat Charles Blondin is 1st to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope
  • 1860-09-21 In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Baliqiao
  • 1860-10-12 British & French troops capture Beijing
  • 1862-03-10 Great Britain & France recognise independence of Zanzibar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862-04-20 First pasteurization test completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Bacteriologist
Louis Pasteur
  • 1862-05-05 French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo
  • 1862-06-25 Battle of Oak Grove, Virginia (Orchard, Henrico, French's Field) (Kings's Schoolhouse) Day 1 of 7 Days
  • 1863-04-30 Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
  • 1863-06-07 Mexico City captured by French troops
  • 1863-08-11 Cambodia becomes French protectorate
  • 1864-06-11 CSS Alabama, a Confederate screw sloop-of-war, arrives in port at Cherbourg, France
  • 1864-06-19 CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
  • 1864-09-03 US, British, French & Dutch naval officer sails Straits of Simonoseki

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 901 - 1,000 of 3,021

  • 1796-02-22 Alexis Bachelot, French missionary (d. 1837)
  • 1796-06-01 Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (d. 1832)
  • 1796-07-16 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • 1796-09-25 Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • 1796-12-09 Prudent-Louis Aubery du Boulley, French composer, born in Verneuil, Eure, France (d. 1869)
  • 1797-03-27 Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny, French musketeer and writer (Moise, Chatterton), born in Loches, France (d. 1863)
  • 1797-04-10 Claude Ambroise Seurat, Frenchman exhibited in England as "Human Skeleton", born in Champaigne France (d. 1826)
  • 1797-04-14 Adolphe Thiers, 1st president of 3rd French Republic (1871-77)
  • 1797-04-17 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque, Belgian-French composer and conductor, born in Hanzinne, Belgium (d. 1869)
  • 1797-04-18 Louis-Adolphe Thiers, president of France
  • 1797-07-17 Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1856)
  • 1798-04-17 Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician, born in Lons-le-Saunier, France (d. 1840)
  • 1798-04-26 Ferdinand Eugene Delacroix, French painter/lithograph/etcher (Journal)
  • 1798-08-21 Jules Michelet, French historian (History of France, L'Amour), born in Paris (d. 1874)
  • 1798-09-25 Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, French mine engineer and geologist, born in Canon, Calvados, France (d. 1874)
  • 1798-10-07 Jean B Vuillaume, French violin maker (octobas)
  • 1798-12-04 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (Prime Minister of France 1871-73), born in Saujon, France (d. 1881)
  • 1799-02-11 Basil Moreau, French Founder priest (d. 1873)
  • 1799-02-26 Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (d. 1864)
  • 1799-04-22 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physiologist (blood pressure), born in Paris (d. 1869)
  • 1799-05-20 Honoré de Balzac, French novelist (La Comédie Humaine), born in Tours, Indre-et-Loire, France (d. 1850)
  • 1799-08-11 Joachim de Barrande, French paleontologist/geologist
  • 1799-09-19 René Caillé, French explorer and the first European to return alive from the town of Timbuktu, born in Mauzé-sur-le-Mignon, Deux-Sèvres, France (d. 1838)
  • 1800-03-25 Paulin Paris, French historian
  • 1800-05-05 Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette), born in Rethel, Ardennes, France (d. 1864)
  • 1800-12-03 France Preseren, Slovenian poet (Krst pri Savici)
  • 1801-02-01 Émile Littré, French lexicographer (d. 1881)
  • 1801-04-11 Claude Tillier, French journalist and writer (My Uncle Benjamin), born in Clamecy, Nièvre, France (d. 1844)
  • 1801-05-11 Henri Labrouste, French architect (d. 1875)
  • 1801-08-28 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), born in Gray, France (d. 1877)
  • 1801-10-06 Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman, born in Saint-Omer, France (d. 1888)
  • 1802-02-02 Jean-Baptiste JD Boussingault, French chemist

Person of interestVictor Hugo

1802-02-26 Victor Hugo, French author (Hunchback of Notre Dame, Les Miserables), born in Besançon, France (d. 1885)

Author Victor Hugo
Author
Victor Hugo
  • 1802-04-12 Francis Libermann, French religious leader (Congregation of Heart), born in Saverne, France (d. 1852)

Person of interestAlexandre Dumas

1802-07-24 Alexandre Dumas, French author (The Three Musketeers, The Count of Monte Cristo), born in Aisne, France (d. 1870)

  • 1802-09-06 Alcide d'Orbigny, French naturalist, born in Couëron, France (d. 1857)
  • 1802-09-24 Adolphe d'Archiac, French paleontologist and geologist, born in Reims, France (d. 1868)
  • 1802-10-25 Joseph Montferrand, French-Canadian logger and strong man, born in St. Lawrence, Montreal (d. 1864)
  • 1803-04-07 Flora Tristan, French writer and social activist, born in Paris (d. 1844)
  • 1803-05-08 Joseph Napoleon Ney, French politician, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1803-05-24 Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French prince of Canino and Musignano, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1803-06-10 Henry Darcy, French scientist (d. 1858)
  • 1803-07-12 Peter Chanel, French priest and saint, born in Montrevel-en-Bresse, Ain, France (d. 1841)
  • 1803-09-28 Prosper Mérimée, French author (Carmen), born in Paris (d. 1870)
  • 1803-09-29 Charles-Francois Sturm, French mathematician (Sturm's Theorem)
  • 1803-12-11 Hector Berlioz, French composer (Symphony Fantastic), born in La Côte-Saint-André, France (d. 1869)
  • 1804-01-13 Paul Gavarni, French caricaturist (d. 1866)
  • 1804-01-20 Eugène Sue, French novelist (d. 1857)
  • 1804-07-01 George Sand [Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dudevant], French (female) novelist (Valentine, Le Figaro), born in Paris, France (d. 1876)
  • 1804-07-22 Victor Schoelcher, French writer (abolitionism), born in Paris (d. 1893)
  • 1804-09-14 Louis Désiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate, born in Saint-Pierre-de-Maillé, France (d. 1882)
  • 1804-10-03 Allan Kardec, French author and founder of Spiritism, born in Lyon, France (d. 1869)
  • 1804-12-23 Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French critic/writer (Informal Talk)
  • 1805-02-01 Auguste Blanqui, French revolutionary (workers' leader)
  • 1805-07-29 Alexis de Tocqueville, French statesman/writer (Democracy in America)
  • 1805-11-19 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat (built Suez Canal)

Person of interestJean Eugène Robert-Houdin

1805-12-06 Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin, French magician and father of modern magic, born in Blois, France (d. 1861)

  • 1805-12-31 Marie d'Agoult (Daniel Stern), French author (Knife), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1876)
  • 1806-06-27 Napoléon Coste, French guitarist and composer, born in Besançon, France (d. 1883)
  • 1806-09-05 Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general, born in Nantes, France (d. 1865)
  • 1806-12-06 Gilbert Duprez, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1896)

Person of interestGiuseppe Garibaldi

1807-07-04 Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian general and nationalist (Risorgimento) who helped unify Italy, born in Nice, First French Empire (d. 1882)

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1807-10-21 Napoléon Henri Reber, French composer, born in Mulhouse, Alsace (d. 1880)
  • 1808-02-20 Daumier, Marseilles France, artist
  • 1808-02-26 Honoré Daumier, French painter, illustrator, and sculptor (d. 1879)
  • 1808-03-24 Maria Malibran, Spanish-French singer (d. 1836)
  • 1808-04-10 Auguste Franchomme, French cellist and composer, born in Lille, France (d. 1884)
  • 1808-04-20 Napoleon III, Emperor of France (1852-70), born in Paris (d. 1873)
  • 1808-05-17 Charles-Louis-Adolphe Vogel, French composer (Les trois couleurs), (d.1892)
  • 1808-05-22 Gérard de Nerval [Gérard Labrunie], French writer, born in Paris (d. 1855)
  • 1808-11-02 Jules-Amédée Barbey d’Aurevilly, French writer and critic, born in Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, France (d. 1889)
  • 1808-12-04 Ernest Panckoucke, French publisher (Horatius), born in Paris (d. 1886)

Person of interestLouis Braille

1809-01-04 Louis Braille, French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for the blind, born in Coupvray, France (d. 1852)

Braille Inventor Louis Braille
Braille Inventor
Louis Braille
  • 1809-01-15 Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French politician (libertarian socialist)
  • 1809-03-24 Joseph Liouville, French discover of transcendental numbers
  • 1809-03-27 Georges Eugene, Baron Haussmann, French administrator and architect, born in Paris (d. 1891)
  • 1809-04-23 Eugene-Prosper Prevost, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1872)
  • 1809-06-15 François-Xavier Garneau, French-Canadian poet and historian (d. 1866)
  • 1809-06-27 François Certain Canrobert, French marshal and parliament member, born in Saint-Céré, France (d. 1895)
  • 1809-11-22 Benedict Augustin Morel, Austrian-French psychologist (dementia praecox), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1810-01-03 Antoine T. d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1897)
  • 1810-02-11 Loisa Puget, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1889)

Person of interestFrederic Chopin

1810-03-01 Frederic Chopin, Polish/French pianist and composer (Concert in F Minor), born in Żelazowa Wola, Duchy of Warsaw (d. 1849) (baptismal records 22nd Feb)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Composer
Frederic Chopin
  • 1810-03-09 Jean-Georges Kastner, French composer, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1867)
  • 1810-05-04 Alexander Walewski, French earl and Foreign Minister, born in Walewice, Warsaw, Poland (d. 1868)
  • 1810-07-21 Henri V. Regnault, French physicist and chemist, born in Aachen (d. 1878)
  • 1810-12-11 Alfred de Musset, French writer (Un Caprice, Bettine), born in Paris, France (d. 1857)
  • 1811-08-05 Ambroise Thomas, French opera composer (d. 1896)
  • 1811-08-31 Théophile Gautier, French writer, historian and poet (Albertus, La Chanson de Roland, Émaux et camées), born in Tarbes, France (d. 1872)
  • 1811-10-25 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (Group theory), born in Bourg-la-Reine, France (d. 1832)
  • 1812-01-13 Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (d. 1883)
  • 1812-04-03 Louisa Maria, Queen of Belgium (1832-50), Wife of Leopold I), born in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1850)
  • 1812-04-23 Louis-Antoine Jullien, French conductor, born in Sisteron, France (d. 1860)
  • 1812-05-23 Henri A Esquiros, French poet/writer (Les Vierges Folles)
  • 1812-06-12 Edmond Hébert, French geologist, born in Villefargau, Yonne, France (d. 1890)
  • 1812-11-09 Paul Abadie, French master builder (renovated Notre Dame), born in Paris (d. 1884)
  • 1813-01-04 Louis L Bonaparte, English/French linguist/senator
  • 1813-04-23 Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar and founder of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1853)
  • 1813-06-05 Prosper Philippe Catherine Sainton, French composer, born in Toulouse, France (d. 1890)
  • 1813-07-12 Claude Bernard, French physiologist involved in the founding of modern physiology (blind experiments), born in Saint-Julien, Rhône (d. 1878)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 901 - 1,000 of 2,538

  • 1809-07-03 Joseph Quesnel, French-Canadian composer and playwright (b. 1746)
  • 1809-07-06 Antoine Charles Louis Lasalle, French cavalry general (b. 1775)
  • 1809-11-26 Nicolas-Marie Dalayrac, French composer, dies at 56
  • 1809-12-16 Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, French chemist (b. 1755)
  • 1810-01-28 Andrew Hofer, Tyrolian rebel against French & Bavarians, shot dead
  • 1810-02-20 Andreas Hofer, milt leader (fought Napoleon's France), executed at 42
  • 1810-05-21 Charles-Geneviève-Louis-Auguste-André-Timothée d'Éon de Beaumont, French spy, dies at 81
  • 1810-06-26 Joseph Michel Montgolfier, French inventor (b. 1740)
  • 1810-08-12 Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist, dies at 84
  • 1810-10-19 Jean-Georges Noverre, French choreographer (ballet d'action), dies
  • 1811-01-10 Marie-Joseph Chénier, French poet (Caïus Gracchus), dies at 46
  • 1811-05-12 Louis-Charles-Joseph Rey, French classical cellist and composer, dies at 52
  • 1811-08-20 Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer (b. 1729)
  • 1811-12-17 Louis Abel Beffroy de Reigny, French dramatist and composer, dies at 54
  • 1812-02-24 Étienne-Louis Malus, French physicist (Polarization of light), dies at 36
  • 1812-12-23 Michel-Richard Delalande, French composer, dies at 73
  • 1813-01-06 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general, dies at 48
  • 1813-05-01 Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French marshal (killed in combat) (b. 1768)
  • 1813-05-23 Geraud Duroc, French general (b. 1772)
  • 1813-06-06 Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect
  • 1813-07-29 Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (b. 1771)
  • 1813-09-02 Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general, mortally wounded in battle at 50
  • 1813-10-05 Etienne Ozi, French composer, dies at 58
  • 1813-10-19 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish general and marshal of France, dies in battle at 50
  • 1814-01-21 Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, French writer and botanist (b. 1737)
  • 1814-03-26 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician and freemason who proposed and became the namesake of the guillotine, dies of natural causes at 75
  • 1814-04-01 Jozef de Ferraris, French-Austrian general and cartographer, dies at 87
  • 1814-05-29 Joséphine de Beauharnais, first wife of Napoleon I and first Empress of France (1804-14), dies of pneumonia aged 50
  • 1814-06-15 Charles Palissot de Montenoy, French writer/politician, dies at 84

Person of interestMarquis de Sade

1814-12-02 Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine), dies at 74. The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name.

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1815-06-01 Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (b. 1853)
  • 1815-06-18 Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, French general (b. 1766)
  • 1815-08-02 Guillaume Brune, French marshal, dies at 52
  • 1815-09-28 Nicolas Desmarest, French geologist and geographer (Volcanos), dies at 90
  • 1815-10-13 Joachim Murat, marshal of France/King of Naples (1808-15), executed
  • 1815-12-07 Michel Ney, French marshal (Waterloo), murdered at 46
  • 1816-01-01 Francois Alexander Sallantin, French composer, dies at 60
  • 1816-06-12 Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (b. 1757)
  • 1817-04-04 André Masséna, Duke of Rivoli, Prince d'Essing and Marshal of France (b. 1758)
  • 1817-04-12 Charles Messier, French astronomer (cataloguer of "M objects"), dies at 86
  • 1817-08-07 Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours, French industrialist (b. 1739)
  • 1817-10-18 Etienne-Nicolas Méhul, French composer (b. 1763)
  • 1818-03-23 Nicolas Isouard, French composer, dies at 42
  • 1818-07-28 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (b. 1746)
  • 1819-07-24 Sophie Gail, French singer and composer, dies at 43
  • 1819-09-07 Jean-Louis Duport, French cellist and composer, dies at 69
  • 1819-12-20 Louis-Luc Loiseau de Persuis, French composer, dies at 50
  • 1820-03-26 Jean-Etienne Despreaux, French ballet dancer and composer, dies at 71
  • 1820-12-21 Charles-Francois Dumonchau, French pianist and composer, dies at 45
  • 1821-02-23 Marie-Anne Collot, French sculptor, dies

Person of interestNapoléon Bonaparte

1821-05-05 Napoleon Bonaparte, French military leader and Emperor of the French (1804-14, 1815), dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena, officially from stomach cancer but rumours of arsenic poisoning persist

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1821-05-19 Camille Jordan, French politician (b. 1771)
  • 1822-02-02 Jean-Baptiste Davaux, French classical composer, dies at 79
  • 1822-05-17 Armand-Emmanuel, Duc de Richelieu, Prime Minister of France (1815-18, 1820-21), dies at 55

Person of interestJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre

1822-08-19 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer, dies at 72

Mathematician/Astronomer Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
Mathematician/Astronomer
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
  • 1822-11-06 Claude-Louis Berthollet, French chemist, dies at 73
  • 1823-02-16 Pierre-Paul Prud'hon, French Romantic painter and draughtsman - allegorical paintings and portraits, dies at 64
  • 1823-03-14 Charles François Dumouriez, French general (b. 1739)
  • 1823-03-18 Jean-Baptiste Sebastien Breval, French cellist and composer, dies at 69
  • 1823-04-07 Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles, French inventor and balloonist who (with Nicholas Robert) was the first to take flight in a hydrogen balloon, dies at 76
  • 1823-06-01 Louis Nicholas Davout, French fieldmarshal, dies at 53
  • 1823-08-02 Lazare Carnot, French politician, engineer and mathematician known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, dies at 70
  • 1823-09-17 Abraham L Breguet, French clock maker, dies at 76
  • 1823-12-03 Joseph Pouteau, French composer and organist, dies at 84
  • 1824-01-26 Théodore Géricault, French painter (The Raft of the Medusa), dies at 32
  • 1824-05-04 Joseph Joubert, French essayist and moralist (b. 1754)
  • 1824-06-16 Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (b. 1739)
  • 1824-06-21 Étienne Aignan, French writer, dies at 51
  • 1824-09-12 Louis AG baron de Bacler d'Albe, French cartographer, dies at 62

Person of interestLouis XVIII

1824-09-16 Louis XVIII SX, earl of Province/king of France (1814-24), dies

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII
  • 1825-02-05 Pierre Gaveaux, French composer, dies at 64
  • 1825-04-10 Paul-Louis Courier, (Mere), French writer/interpreter, dies at 53
  • 1825-05-19 Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon, French political philosopher (b. 1760)

Person of interestPierre Charles L'Enfant

1825-06-14 Pierre Charles L'Enfant, French-born American architect who laid out Washington, D.C., dies at 70

Washington D.C. Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Washington D.C. Architect
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
  • 1825-07-20 Joseph-Denis Doche, French composer, dies at 58
  • 1825-12-29 Jacques-Louis David, French Neoclassical painter (Death of Marat), dies at 77
  • 1826-01-03 Louis Gabriel Suchet, French marshal (b. 1770)
  • 1826-08-13 René Laënnec, French physician who invented the stethoscope, dies of tuberculosis at 46
  • 1826-10-25 Philippe Pinel, French physician (the father of modern psychiatry), dies at 81
  • 1827-03-05 Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician (b. 1749)
  • 1827-03-27 François Alexandre Frédéric, French social reformer (b. 1747)
  • 1827-07-14 Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (b. 1788)
  • 1828-01-10 François de Neufchâteau, French statesman and intellectual figure, dies at 77
  • 1828-01-13 Abbé Alexandre-Auguste Robineau, French composer and painter, dies at 80
  • 1828-07-15 Jean Antoine Houdon, French sculptor (b. 1741)
  • 1828-08-22 Franz Joseph Gall, German-French physician (phrenology), dies at 70
  • 1828-09-10 Count d'Andreossi, French general/parliament leader, dies at 67
  • 1829-01-29 Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras, French politician (b. 1755)
  • 1829-06-27 Louis-Sébastien Lebrun, French composer, dies at 64
  • 1829-11-14 Louis Nicolas Vauquelin, French pharmacist (b. 1763)
  • 1830-02-18 Charles de Merode, Earl of Merode, Mayor of Brussels and French Senator, dies at 67
  • 1830-03-17 Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal (b. 1764)
  • 1830-08-27 Louis H J Condé, French prince, commits suicide at 74
  • 1830-11-25 Pierre Rode, French composer, dies at 56
  • 1830-12-08 H Benjamin Constant, French politician/writer, dies at 63

Person of interestSophie Germain

1831-06-27 Sophie Germain, French mathematician, dies at 55

Mathematician Sophie Germain
Mathematician
Sophie Germain
  • 1831-10-14 Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (b. 1761)
  • 1832-01-28 Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (b. 1769)
  • 1832-03-04 Jean-François Champollion, French scholar (b. 1790)

Person of interestGeorges Cuvier

1832-05-13 Georges Cuvier [Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric Cuvier], French naturalist and zoologist, dies at 62

Naturalist and Zoologist Georges Cuvier
Naturalist and Zoologist
Georges Cuvier