French History (Part 10)

Historical Events

Events 901 - 1,000 of 2,308

  • 1816-01-12 France decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever

Historic Event

1816-02-27 Dutch regain Suriname from the French after the defeat of Napoleon

  • 1816-07-01 French frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of Géricault's painting "Raft of the Medusa"

Historic Event

1816-07-02 French frigate "La Méduse" runs aground under incompetent leadership of Viscount of Chaumareys, 400 passengers evacuated. 150 men, 1 woman are left on "la Machine," a poorly provisioned raft. 13 days later only 15 survivors remain, inspires Théodore Géricault's painting "The Raft of the Medusa"

  • 1816-07-17 "L'Argus" accidentally discovers raft holding survivors from wrecked French frigate "Méduse." After 13 days at sea only 15 of 151 remain, the rest having been cannibalised, murdered, or committed suicide. This event was made famous by Théodore Gericault’s painting "The Raft of the Medusa"
  • 1816-07-19 Survivors of French frigate Medusa rescued off Senegal after 17 days
  • 1818-09-30 Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France & England
  • 1818-10-09 Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • 1820-09-25 French Physicist François Arago announces electromagnetism in his discovery that a copper wire between the poles of a voltaic cell could laterally attract iron filings to itself

Coup d'état

1821-08-19 Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII

  • 1822-05-03 Society for the Propagation of the Faith founded in Lyon, France

Rosetta Stone

1822-09-27 French scholar Jean-François Champollion announces he has deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics using the Rosetta Stone

Historic Event

1824-09-27 Charles X, King of France, makes his state entry into Paris to popular acclaim

Music Premiere

1825-10-17 1st opera by Franz Liszt, "Don Sanche" premieres in Paris

  • 1827-10-20 Naval Battle of Navarino (off the Peloponnese coast): English, Russian, French combined fleet beat a Turkish and Egyptian force, paving the way for Greek independence
  • 1828-04-20 Frenchman René Caillié is the first non-Muslim to enter Timbuktu, returns to win 10,000 franc prize from Société de Géographie
  • 1828-10-07 The Greek city of Patras is liberated by the French expeditionary force in Peloponnese under General Maison.
  • 1829-03-22 The three protecting powers (Britain, France and Russia) establish the borders of Greece
  • 1829-08-08 French government of De Polignac forms

Historic Event

1830-02-15 Beginning of the famous debate between French naturalists Georges Cuvier and Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire on animal structure

  • 1830-06-12 Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers land 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch
  • 1830-07-05 France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest
  • 1830-08-02 Charles X of France abdicates in favour of his grandson the Duc de Bordeaux
  • 1830-08-09 Louis-Philippe formally accepts crown of France, following abdication of Charles X
  • 1830-12-20 Great Britain, France, Prussia, Austria and Russia recognize Belgium
  • 1831-03-10 The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria
  • 1832-11-23 French take Antwerp in liberation of Belgium
  • 1832-12-04 French army begins bombing citadel of Antwerp
  • 1833-04-04 St Etienne-Lyons railway fully opens in France
  • 1834-03-09 French Foreign Legion is founded
  • 1837-02-10 Russian poet Alexander Pushkin is fatally injured in a duel with French officer Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès (1/29 OS)
  • 1838-11-30 Mexico declares war on France

Famous Photo

1839-01-02 1st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)

  • 1840-03-01 Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France
  • 1840-08-18 French colony established in Akaroa, South Island of New Zealand
  • 1840-12-15 Napoleon Bonaparte receives a French state funeral in Paris 19 years after his death
  • 1843-11-28 Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day - The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.

Film & TV History

1845-07-03 Pioneering French magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin opens his magic theatre in Paris

  • 1848-02-24 King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared
  • 1848-02-26 2nd French Republic proclaimed
  • 1848-03-05 Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance
  • 1848-03-12 2nd Republic established in France
  • 1848-04-28 Slavery abolished in French colonies
  • 1848-06-22 Beginning of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers
  • 1848-06-26 End of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers
  • 1848-09-16 Slavery abolished in all French territories
  • 1849-07-03 The French enter Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power; proves a major obstacle to Italian unification
  • 1851-12-02 French President Charles Louis Bonaparte in a Coup d'etat overthrows the Second Republic establishing himself as Emperor.
  • 1851-12-04 President Louis Napoleon Boaparte's forces crush an attempted coup d'etat in France
  • 1852-09-24 Henri Giffard, a French engineer, makes 1st engine powered dirigible/airship flight with steam power
  • 1853-09-24 France annexes New Caledonia
  • 1854-03-28 Great Britain and France declare war on Russia, expanding the Crimean War
  • 1854-07-13 In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon
  • 1854-09-04 English and French lay siege to the eastern Russian city of Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky during the Crimean war
  • 1854-09-14 British and French forces land at Calamita Bay on the Crimean Peninsula, during the Crimean War

Battle of the Alma

1854-09-20 Battle of the Alma: British, French and Ottoman alliance defeat the Russian Empire in the 1st major battle of the Crimean War

  • 1854-10-17 French and British forces bombard Sevastopol for the first time during the Crimean War
  • 1854-11-05 Crimean War: British & French defeat Russian force of 50,000 at Inkerman
  • 1855-06-17 Heavy French/British bombing of Sebastopol, Crimea: 2,000+ killed
  • 1855-09-08 British and French troops capture Sevastopol from the Russians, effectively ending the Crimean War
  • 1855-09-08 French forces successfully assault the Malakoff Line during the Crimean War
  • 1856-10-28 French Magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin performs for Algerian Marabouts in Algeria to convince them that French magic is the stronger
  • 1857-01-26 Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville delivers his design for a phonautograph, which created visual images of sound, to the French Academy
  • 1857-03-03 Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China
  • 1857-07-18 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French

Assassination Attempt

1858-01-14 French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed

  • 1858-02-11 First vision of the Virgin Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes, France
  • 1859-02-16 The French Government passes a law to set the A-note above middle C to a frequency of 435 Hz, in an attempt to standardize the pitch
  • 1859-06-04 Second Italian War of Independence: Battle of Magenta, results in a French-Sardinian victory under Napoleon III over the Austrians under Marshal Ferencz Gyulai

Victory in Battle

1859-06-24 Battle of Solferino, Northern Italy: a French Army under Napoleon III and a Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II overcomes the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I

  • 1859-06-30 French acrobat Charles Blondin is 1st to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope
  • 1860-09-21 In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Baliqiao
  • 1860-10-12 British & French troops capture Beijing
  • 1862-03-10 Great Britain & France recognise independence of Zanzibar

Historic Event

1862-04-20 First pasteurization test completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard

  • 1862-05-05 French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo
  • 1862-06-25 Battle of Oak Grove, Virginia (Orchard, Henrico, French's Field) (Kings's Schoolhouse) Day 1 of 7 Days
  • 1863-04-30 Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
  • 1863-06-07 Mexico City captured by French troops
  • 1863-08-11 Cambodia becomes French protectorate
  • 1864-06-11 CSS Alabama, a Confederate screw sloop-of-war, arrives in port at Cherbourg, France
  • 1864-06-19 CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
  • 1864-09-03 US, British, French & Dutch naval officer sails Straits of Simonoseki
  • 1864-09-05 Achille François Bazaine becomes Marshall of France.
  • 1864-09-05 British, French & Dutch fleets attacked Japan in Shimonoseki Straits
  • 1866-05-18 Netherlands government of Isaäc Dignus Fransen De Putte resigns
  • 1867-01-31 Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Karam leaves Lebanon on board of a French ship for Algeria
  • 1867-03-12 Last French troops leave Mexico

Historic Event

1867-11-03 Battle at Mentana: French & Papal troops beat Giuseppe Garibaldi

  • 1868-08-18 French Astronomer Pierre Janssen discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse
  • 1868-09-28 Battle of Alcolea, causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France
  • 1868-09-30 Spain's Queen Isabella is deposed, flees to France
  • 1869-03-11 The West first learns of the Giant Panda via French missionary Armand David who receives a skin from a hunter
  • 1869-07-15 Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy
  • 1870-07-19 France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
  • 1870-07-23 Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France
  • 1870-08-06 Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 901 - 1,000 of 2,962

  • 1797-04-17 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque, Belgian-French composer and conductor, born in Hanzinne, Belgium (d. 1869)
  • 1797-07-17 Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1856)
  • 1798-04-17 Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician, born in Lons-le-Saunier, France (d. 1840)
  • 1798-04-26 Eugène Delacroix, French painter and etcher (Journal), born in Charenton-Saint-Maurice, Île-de-France, France (d. 1863)
  • 1798-08-21 Jules Michelet, French historian (History of France, L'Amour), born in Paris (d. 1874)
  • 1798-09-25 Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, French mine engineer and geologist, born in Canon, Calvados, France (d. 1874)
  • 1798-10-07 Jean B Vuillaume, French violin maker (octobas)
  • 1798-12-04 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (Prime Minister of France 1871-73), born in Saujon, France (d. 1881)
  • 1799-02-11 Basil Moreau, French Founder priest (d. 1873)
  • 1799-02-26 Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (d. 1864)
  • 1799-04-22 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physiologist (blood pressure), born in Paris (d. 1869)
  • 1799-05-20 Honoré de Balzac, French novelist (La Comédie Humaine), born in Tours, Indre-et-Loire, France (d. 1850)
  • 1799-08-11 Joachim de Barrande, French paleontologist/geologist
  • 1799-11-19 René Caillé, French explorer and the first European to return alive from the town of Timbuktu, born in Mauzé-sur-le-Mignon, Deux-Sèvres, France (d. 1838)
  • 1800-03-25 Paulin Paris, French scholar and historian, born in Avenay, France (d. 1881)
  • 1800-05-05 Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette), born in Rethel, Ardennes, France (d. 1864)
  • 1800-12-03 France Prešeren, Slovenian poet (Krst pri Savici), born in Vrba, Carniola, Habsburg Monarchy (d. 1849)
  • 1801-02-01 Émile Littré, French lexicographer (d. 1881)
  • 1801-04-11 Claude Tillier, French journalist and writer (My Uncle Benjamin), born in Clamecy, Nièvre, France (d. 1844)
  • 1801-05-11 Henri Labrouste, French architect (d. 1875)
  • 1801-08-28 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), born in Gray, France (d. 1877)
  • 1801-10-06 Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman, born in Saint-Omer, France (d. 1888)
  • 1802-02-02 Jean-Baptiste JD Boussingault, French chemist

Victor HugoVictor Hugo (1802-1885)

1802-02-26 French author (Hunchback of Notre Dame, Les Miserables), born in Besançon, France

  • 1802-04-12 Francis Libermann, French religious leader (Congregation of Heart), born in Saverne, France (d. 1852)

Alexandre DumasAlexandre Dumas (1802-1870)

1802-07-24 French author (The Three Musketeers, The Count of Monte Cristo), born in Aisne, France

  • 1802-09-06 Alcide d'Orbigny, French naturalist, born in Couëron, France (d. 1857)
  • 1802-09-24 Adolphe d'Archiac, French paleontologist and geologist, born in Reims, France (d. 1868)
  • 1802-10-25 Joseph Montferrand, French Canadian logger and strong man, born in St. Lawrence, Montreal (d. 1864)
  • 1803-04-07 Flora Tristan, French writer and social activist, born in Paris (d. 1844)
  • 1803-05-08 Joseph Napoleon Ney, French politician, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1803-05-24 Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French prince of Canino and Musignano, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1803-06-10 Henry Darcy, French hydraulic engineer (Darcy's Law), born in Dijon, France (d. 1858)
  • 1803-07-12 Peter Chanel, French priest and saint, born in Montrevel-en-Bresse, Ain, France (d. 1841)
  • 1803-09-28 Prosper Mérimée, French author (Carmen), born in Paris (d. 1870)
  • 1803-09-29 Charles-Francois Sturm, French mathematician (Sturm's Theorem), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1855)

Hector BerliozHector Berlioz (1803-1869)

1803-12-11 French composer (Symphonie fantastique), born in La Côte-Saint-André, France

  • 1804-01-13 Paul Gavarni, French caricaturist (d. 1866)
  • 1804-01-20 Eugène Sue, French novelist (d. 1857)
  • 1804-07-01 George Sand [Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dudevant], French novelist (Valentine, Le Figaro), born in Paris, France (d. 1876)
  • 1804-07-22 Victor Schoelcher, French writer (abolitionism), born in Paris (d. 1893)
  • 1804-09-14 Louis Désiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate, born in Saint-Pierre-de-Maillé, France (d. 1882)
  • 1804-10-03 Allan Kardec, French author and founder of Spiritism, born in Lyon, France (d. 1869)
  • 1804-12-23 Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French critic and writer (Informal Talk), born in Boulogne, France (d. 1869)
  • 1805-02-01 Auguste Blanqui, French revolutionary (workers' leader)
  • 1805-07-29 Alexis de Tocqueville, French statesman/writer (Democracy in America)
  • 1805-11-19 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat (built Suez Canal), born in Versailles, French Empire (d. 1894)

Jean Eugène Robert-HoudinJean Eugène Robert-Houdin (1805-1871)

1805-12-06 French magician and father of modern magic, born in Blois, France

  • 1805-12-31 Marie d'Agoult (Daniel Stern), French author (Knife), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1876)
  • 1806-06-27 Napoléon Coste, French guitarist and composer, born in Besançon, France (d. 1883)
  • 1806-09-05 Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general, born in Nantes, France (d. 1865)
  • 1806-12-06 Gilbert Duprez, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1896)

Giuseppe GaribaldiGiuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882)

1807-07-04 Italian general and nationalist (Risorgimento) who helped unify Italy, born in Nice, First French Empire

  • 1807-10-21 Napoléon Henri Reber, French composer, born in Mulhouse, Alsace (d. 1880)
  • 1808-02-20 Daumier, Marseilles France, artist
  • 1808-02-26 Honoré Daumier, French painter, illustrator, and sculptor (d. 1879)
  • 1808-03-24 Maria Malibran (née Garcia) Spanish operatic contralto and soprano, born in Paris, (d. 1836)
  • 1808-04-10 Auguste Franchomme, French cellist and composer, born in Lille, France (d. 1884)

Napoleon IIINapoleon III (1808-1873)

1808-04-20 Emperor of France (1852-70), born in Paris

  • 1808-05-17 Charles-Louis-Adolphe Vogel, French composer (Les trois couleurs), born in Lille, France (d. 1892)
  • 1808-05-22 Gérard de Nerval [Gérard Labrunie], French writer, born in Paris (d. 1855)
  • 1808-11-02 Jules-Amédée Barbey d’Aurevilly, French writer and critic, born in Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, France (d. 1889)
  • 1808-12-04 Ernest Panckoucke, French publisher (Horatius), born in Paris (d. 1886)

Louis BrailleLouis Braille (1809-1852)

1809-01-04 French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for the blind, born in Coupvray, France

  • 1809-01-15 Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French politician & philosopher ("father of anarchism"), born in Besançon, France (d. 1865)
  • 1809-03-24 Joseph Liouville, French discover of transcendental numbers
  • 1809-03-27 Georges Eugene, Baron Haussmann, French administrator and architect, born in Paris (d. 1891)
  • 1809-04-23 Eugene-Prosper Prevost, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1872)
  • 1809-06-15 François-Xavier Garneau, French Canadian poet and historian (d. 1866)
  • 1809-06-27 François Certain Canrobert, French marshal and parliament member, born in Saint-Céré, France (d. 1895)
  • 1809-11-22 Benedict Augustin Morel, Austrian-French psychologist (dementia praecox), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1873)
  • 1810-01-03 Antoine T. d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1897)
  • 1810-02-11 Loisa Puget, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1889)

Frédéric ChopinFrédéric Chopin (1810-1849)

1810-03-01 Polish pianist and composer (Concerto in F Minor), born in Żelazowa Wola, Duchy of Warsaw

  • 1810-03-09 Jean-Georges Kastner, French composer, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1867)
  • 1810-05-04 Alexander Walewski, French earl and Foreign Minister, born in Walewice, Warsaw, Poland (d. 1868)
  • 1810-07-21 Henri V. Regnault, French physicist and chemist, born in Aachen (d. 1878)
  • 1810-12-11 Alfred de Musset, French writer (Un Caprice, Bettine), born in Paris, France (d. 1857)
  • 1811-08-05 Ambroise Thomas, French opera composer (Mignon), and music professor, in Metz, France (d. 1896)
  • 1811-08-31 Théophile Gautier, French writer, historian and poet (Albertus, La Chanson de Roland, Émaux et camées), born in Tarbes, France (d. 1872)
  • 1811-10-25 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (Group theory), born in Bourg-la-Reine, France (d. 1832)
  • 1812-01-13 Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (d. 1883)
  • 1812-04-03 Louisa Maria, Queen of Belgium (1832-50), Wife of Leopold I), born in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1850)
  • 1812-04-23 Louis-Antoine Jullien, French conductor, born in Sisteron, France (d. 1860)
  • 1812-05-23 Henri-François-Alphonse Esquiros, French poet and writer (Les Vierges Folles), born in Paris (d. 1876)
  • 1812-06-12 Edmond Hébert, French geologist, born in Villefargau, Yonne, France (d. 1890)
  • 1812-11-09 Paul Abadie, French master builder (renovated Notre Dame), born in Paris (d. 1884)
  • 1813-01-04 Louis L Bonaparte, English/French linguist/senator
  • 1813-04-23 Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar and founder of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1853)
  • 1813-06-05 Prosper Sainton, French violin teacher, and conductor (The Queen's Band, 1848-55), born in Toulouse, France (d. 1890)
  • 1813-07-12 Claude Bernard, French physiologist involved in the founding of modern physiology (blind experiments), born in Saint-Julien, Rhône (d. 1878)
  • 1813-08-15 Jules Grévy, 2nd President of the French Third Republic, born in Mont-sous-Vaudrey, France (d. 1891)
  • 1813-11-30 Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (works characterized by a deep sense of pessimism), born in Paris (d. 1890)
  • 1814-01-27 Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (restored medieval monuments including city of Carcassonne), born in Paris, France (d. 1879)
  • 1814-01-30 Jean-Baptist Capronnier, French-Belgian glass painter, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1891)
  • 1814-02-26 Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (d. 1876)
  • 1814-04-19 Louis Amédée Achard, French novelist (The Cloak and Dagger), born in Marseille, France (d. 1875)
  • 1814-06-25 Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist, born in Metz, France (d. 1896)
  • 1814-09-08 Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian, born in Bourbourg, France (d. 1874)
  • 1814-10-11 Jean Baptiste Lamy, 1st Archbishop of Santa Fe (1853-85), born in Lempdes, Puy-de-Dôme, France (d. 1888)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 901 - 1,000 of 2,496

  • 1811-01-10 Marie-Joseph Chénier, French poet (Caïus Gracchus), dies at 46
  • 1811-05-12 Louis-Charles-Joseph Rey, French classical cellist and composer, dies at 52
  • 1811-08-20 Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer (b. 1729)
  • 1811-12-17 Louis Abel Beffroy de Reigny, French dramatist and composer, dies at 54
  • 1812-02-24 Étienne-Louis Malus, French physicist (Polarization of light), dies at 36
  • 1812-12-23 Michel Delalande, French sacred music composer and maître de musique (Cathedral of Chartres, 1761-85), dies at 73
  • 1813-01-06 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general, dies at 48
  • 1813-05-01 Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French marshal (killed in combat) (b. 1768)
  • 1813-05-23 Geraud Duroc, French general (b. 1772)
  • 1813-06-06 Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect
  • 1813-07-29 Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (b. 1771)
  • 1813-09-02 Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general, mortally wounded in battle at 50
  • 1813-10-05 Etienne Ozi, French composer, dies at 58
  • 1813-10-19 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish general and marshal of France, dies in battle at 50
  • 1814-01-21 Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, French writer and botanist (b. 1737)
  • 1814-03-26 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician and freemason who proposed and became the namesake of the guillotine, dies of natural causes at 75
  • 1814-04-01 Jozef de Ferraris, French-Austrian general and cartographer, dies at 87
  • 1814-05-29 Joséphine de Beauharnais, first wife of Napoleon I and first Empress of France (1804-14), dies of pneumonia aged 50
  • 1814-06-15 Charles Palissot de Montenoy, French writer/politician, dies at 84

Marquis de SadeMarquis de Sade (1740-1814)

1814-12-02 French philosopher and writer (Justine) and where the words sadism and sadist are derived from, dies at 74

  • 1815-06-01 Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (b. 1853)
  • 1815-06-18 Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, French general (b. 1766)
  • 1815-08-02 Guillaume Brune, French marshal, dies at 52
  • 1815-09-28 Nicolas Desmarest, French geologist and geographer (Volcanos), dies at 90
  • 1815-10-13 Joachim Murat, French soldier, Marshal of France and King of Naples (1808-15), executed by firing squad at 48
  • 1815-12-07 Michel Ney, French marshal (Waterloo), murdered at 46
  • 1816-01-01 Francois Alexander Sallantin, French composer, dies at 60
  • 1816-06-12 Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (b. 1757)
  • 1817-04-04 André Masséna, Duke of Rivoli, Prince d'Essing and Marshal of France (b. 1758)

Charles MessierCharles Messier (1730-1817)

1817-04-12 French astronomer (cataloguer of "M objects"), dies at 86

  • 1817-08-07 Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours, French industrialist (b. 1739)
  • 1817-10-18 Etienne-Nicolas Méhul, French opera composer, dies at 54
  • 1818-03-23 Nicolas Isouard, French composer, dies at 42
  • 1818-07-28 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (b. 1746)
  • 1819-07-24 Sophie Gail, French singer and composer, dies at 43
  • 1819-09-07 Jean-Louis Duport, French cellist and composer, dies at 69
  • 1819-12-20 Louis-Luc Loiseau de Persuis, French composer, dies at 50
  • 1820-03-26 Jean-Etienne Despreaux, French ballet dancer and composer, dies at 71
  • 1820-12-21 Charles-Francois Dumonchau, French pianist and composer, dies at 45
  • 1821-02-23 Marie-Anne Collot, French sculptor, dies

Napoléon BonaparteNapoléon Bonaparte (1769-1821)

1821-05-05 French military leader and Emperor of the French (1804-14, 1815), dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena, officially from stomach cancer but rumours of arsenic poisoning persist

  • 1821-05-19 Camille Jordan, French politician (b. 1771)
  • 1822-02-02 Jean-Baptiste Davaux, French classical composer, dies at 79
  • 1822-05-17 Armand-Emmanuel, Duc de Richelieu, Prime Minister of France (1815-18, 1820-21), dies at 55

Jean Baptiste Joseph DelambreJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre (1749-1822)

1822-08-19 French mathematician and astronomer (The History of Astronomy), dies at 72

  • 1822-11-06 Claude-Louis Berthollet, French chemist, dies at 73
  • 1823-02-16 Pierre-Paul Prud'hon, French Romantic painter and draughtsman - allegorical paintings and portraits, dies at 64
  • 1823-03-14 Charles François Dumouriez, French general during the Revolutionary Wars, dies at 84
  • 1823-03-18 Jean-Baptiste Bréval, French cellist, composer, and pedagogue, dies at 69
  • 1823-04-07 Jacques Charles [Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles], French inventor and balloonist (with Nicholas Robert was 1st to take flight in a hydrogen balloon), dies at 76
  • 1823-06-01 Louis Nicholas Davout, French fieldmarshal, dies at 53
  • 1823-08-02 Lazare Carnot, French politician, engineer and mathematician known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, dies at 70
  • 1823-09-17 Abraham L Breguet, French clock maker, dies at 76
  • 1823-12-03 Joseph Pouteau, French composer and organist, dies at 84

Théodore GéricaultThéodore Géricault (1791-1824)

1824-01-26 French painter (The Raft of the Medusa), dies at 32

  • 1824-05-04 Joseph Joubert, French essayist and moralist (b. 1754)
  • 1824-06-16 Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (b. 1739)
  • 1824-06-21 Étienne Aignan, French writer and translator, dies at 51
  • 1824-09-12 Louis Albert Guislain Bacler d'Albe, French cartographer to Napoleon, dies at 62

Louis XVIIILouis XVIII (1755-1824)

1824-09-16 1st post-revolutionary King of France (1814-24), dies at 68

  • 1825-02-05 Pierre Gaveaux, French composer, dies at 64
  • 1825-04-10 Paul-Louis Courier, (Mere), French writer/interpreter, dies at 53
  • 1825-05-19 Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon, French political philosopher (b. 1760)

Pierre Charles L'EnfantPierre Charles L'Enfant (1754-1825)

1825-06-14 French-born American architect who laid out Washington, D.C., dies at 70

  • 1825-07-20 Joseph-Denis Doche, French composer, dies at 58
  • 1825-12-29 Jacques-Louis David, French Neoclassical painter (Death of Marat), dies at 77
  • 1826-01-03 Louis-Gabriel Suchet, French nobleman (Duke of Albufera), and military commander (Marshal of the Empire), dies at 55
  • 1826-08-13 René Laënnec, French physician who invented the stethoscope, dies of tuberculosis at 46
  • 1826-10-25 Philippe Pinel, French physician (the father of modern psychiatry), dies at 81
  • 1827-03-05 Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician, astronomer and physicist (stability of the solar system), dies at 77
  • 1827-03-27 François Alexandre Frédéric, French social reformer (b. 1747)
  • 1827-07-14 Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (optics), dies at 39
  • 1828-01-10 François de Neufchâteau, French statesman and intellectual figure, dies at 77
  • 1828-01-13 Abbé Alexandre-Auguste Robineau, French composer and painter, dies at 80
  • 1828-07-15 Jean Antoine Houdon, French sculptor (b. 1741)
  • 1828-08-22 Franz Joseph Gall, German-French physician (phrenology), dies at 70
  • 1828-09-10 Count d'Andreossi, French general and parliament leader, dies at 67
  • 1829-01-29 Paul-François-Jean-Nicolas, French politician of the French Revolution, dies at 73
  • 1829-06-27 Louis-Sébastien Lebrun, French composer, dies at 64
  • 1829-11-14 Louis Nicolas Vauquelin, French pharmacist (b. 1763)

Jean-Baptiste LamarckJean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744-1829)

1829-12-18 French naturalist (Lamarckian evolution), dies at 85

  • 1830-02-18 Charles de Merode, Earl of Merode, Mayor of Brussels and French Senator, dies at 67
  • 1830-03-17 Laurent, 1st Marquis of Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal, dies at 65
  • 1830-08-27 Louis Henri, Prince of Condé, commits suicide at 74
  • 1830-11-25 Pierre Rode, French composer, dies at 56
  • 1830-12-08 H Benjamin Constant, French politician/writer, dies at 63
  • 1831-10-14 Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (b. 1761)
  • 1832-01-28 Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (b. 1769)
  • 1832-03-04 Jean-François Champollion, French scholar who deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics with the Rosetta Stone, dies at 41

Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier (1769-1832)

1832-05-13 French naturalist and zoologist, dies at 62

  • 1832-05-26 François-Louis Perne, French composer, dies at 59
  • 1832-05-31 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (Group theory), dies at 20
  • 1832-07-22 Napoleon II of France (b. 1811), son of Napoleon I dies of tuberculosis
  • 1832-07-30 Jean-A-C Chaptal, French chemist/Internal minister, dies

Nicolas Léonard Sadi CarnotNicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot (1796-1832)

1832-08-24 French mechanical engineer and mathematician known as the "father of thermodynamics", dies of cholera at 36

  • 1832-08-31 Jean Nicolas Auguste Kreutzer, French violinist and composer, dies at 53
  • 1832-11-15 Jean Baptiste Say, French economist, dies at 63
  • 1833-01-10 Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (worked on elliptic integrals), dies at 80
  • 1833-01-12 Marie-Antoine Carême, French chef (b. 1784)