French History (Part 11)

Historical Events

Events 1001 - 1,100 of 2,319

  • 1869-03-11 The West first learns of the Giant Panda via French missionary Armand David who receives a skin from a hunter
  • 1869-07-15 Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy
  • 1870-07-19 France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1870-07-23 Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France

Emperor of France Napoleon III
Emperor of France
Napoleon III
  • 1870-08-06 Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France
  • 1870-08-18 Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties
  • 1870-09-04 The Third French Republic proclaimed as French overthrow Emperor Napoleon III (who ironically was the elected president of the Second French Republic) after his defeat by Prussia at Sedan
  • 1870-12-31 J D Schneiter patents rocket mail in France, (not done)
  • 1871-05-10 Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war
  • 1871-05-21 -July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1873-01-30 "Around the World in 80 Days" by Jules Verne is published in France by Pierre-Jules Hetzel

Novelist Jules Verne
Jules Verne

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873-07-10 French poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol

Captain Webb Conquers the English ChannelCaptain Webb Conquers the English Channel

1875-08-25 Captain Matthew Webb makes the 1st observed and unassisted swim across the English Channel in 21 hours and 45 minutes

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An artist from the Illustrated London News drew this scene depicting Captain Webb’s arrival at Calais
An artist from the Illustrated London News drew this scene depicting Captain Webb’s arrival at Calais
Read Article
  • 1877-05-16 May 16, 1877 political crisis in France.

  • 1878-12-18 French SS Byzantin sinks after collision in Dardanelles, 210 killed
  • 1879-01-30 French President Patrice de Mac-Mahon resigns
  • 1879-04-08 Khedive Ismael of Egypt fires French and British ministers
  • 1879-08-17 Ferdinand de Lesseps forms French Panama Canal Company
  • 1880-06-29 France annexes Otaheite (Tahiti)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1880-08-16 The French state commissions sculptor Auguste Rodin for a large sculpted doorway 'The Gates of Hell' for the proposed Musée des Arts Décoratifs

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1880-11-08 French actress Sarah Bernhardt makes her US debut at NY's Booth Theater

Stage and Film Actress Sarah Bernhardt
Stage and Film Actress
Sarah Bernhardt
  • 1881-03-23 Gas lamp sets fire to opera house in Nice, France; 70 die
  • 1881-04-28 French troops sent into Tunisia
  • 1881-05-12 Treaty of Bardo, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate
  • 1881-07-26 French marines occupy Tunisian harbor city Sfax

USAStatue of Liberty

1881-10-24 Levi P Morton, US ambassador to France drives first rivet in Statue of Liberty

Learn More
The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York
Learn More
  • 1881-11-05 French government-Ferry resigns
  • 1881-11-14 Leon Gambetta forms French government
  • 1882-01-26 France government of Gambetta falls
  • 1882-05-13 Toba indians kill 20 members of French expedition in Argentina
  • 1882-09-03 French/Vietnamese/Chinese battle at Hanoi, 100s die
  • 1883-02-01 French Lt-Colonel Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
  • 1883-02-21 2nd French government of Ferry begins

  • 1883-04-02 Battle at Bamako: French assault on Fabous arm forces attack
  • 1883-04-12 French troops under lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal
  • 1883-05-31 French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar
  • 1883-12-16 Tonkin Campaign: The French capture the citadel in Hanoi
  • 1885-01-03 The beginning of the Battle of Nui Bop in the Sino-French War
  • 1885-03-21 2nd French government of Ferry resigns
  • 1885-06-12 Roof collapse kills 30 at murder trial in France
  • 1885-06-17 Statue of Liberty arrives in NYC aboard French ship `Isere'
  • 1885-12-17 France declares Madagascar a protectorate
  • 1887-02-20 Germany, Austria-Hungary & France end Triple Alliance
  • 1887-02-23 French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die
  • 1887-12-02 French president Jules Grévy resigns
  • 1888-12-11 French Panama Canal Company fails
  • 1889-01-10 Ivory Coast declared a protectorate of France
  • 1890-04-06 French troops under capt Archinard occupy Segu, West-Sudan
  • 1890-04-27 French troops under Capt Archinard occupy Oussebougou, West Sudan
  • 1890-08-05 British and French accord to divide African colonization
  • 1891-01-01 French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
  • 1891-02-24 French troops under Captain Archinard occupy Diena West Sudan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1891-04-01 French painter Paul Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti

Painter and Sculptor Paul Gauguin
Painter and Sculptor
Paul Gauguin

  • 1891-06-09 French painter Paul Gauguin arrives in Papeete, Tahiti
  • 1891-07-26 France annexes Tahiti.
  • 1891-10-12 Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
  • 1892-01-24 Battle of Mengo, Uganda: French missionaries attack British missionaries
  • 1892-08-17 Russian and French generals, Obruchev and Boisdeffre sign Double Alliance
  • 1892-11-02 French poet Paul Verlaine visits Netherlands
  • 1893-01-17 Franco-Russian Alliance is signed
  • 1893-03-10 Ivory Coast becomes a French colony (Cote d'Ivoire)
  • 1893-08-14 France introduces motor vehicle registration, includes a driving test
  • 1893-12-17 Russia ratifies Double Alliance with France
  • 1893-12-28 French lieutenant Boiteux annexes Tumbuktu
  • 1893-12-30 Russia signs military accord with France
  • 1894-01-04 France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1894-04-24 French cyclist Henri Desgrange rides 100km in a world record time of 2:39:18

Cyclist and Founder of the Tour-de-France Henri Desgrange
Cyclist and Founder of the Tour-de-France
Henri Desgrange
  • 1894-05-21 22-year-old French Anarchist Émile Henry is executed by guillotine. His last words were reputed to be "Courage, camarades! Vive l'anarchie!"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894-10-15 Captain Alfred Dreyfus arrested and accused of espionage in France

Jewish Artillery Officer Alfred Dreyfus
Jewish Artillery Officer
Alfred Dreyfus
  • 1894-11-16 French captain Henri Decoeurs troops reach Nikki, West Africa
  • 1894-11-26 King Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki signs accord with France
  • 1894-12-22 French officer Alfred Dreyfus court-martialed for treason, triggers worldwide charges of anti-Semitism (Dreyfus later vindicated)
  • 1895-01-05 French Captain Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later exonerated

  • 1895-01-15 French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar
  • 1895-01-17 French president Casimir-Perier resigns; Félix Faure installed.
  • 1895-06-28 French painter Paul Gauguin leaves France for Tahiti for the second time
  • 1895-09-23 French labor union CGT (Confederation Generale du Travail) forms
  • 1895-09-30 France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar
  • 1896-02-28 France dismisses Queen Ranavalona of Madagascar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896-07-01 Wilfrid Laurier sworn in as 1st French speaking Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1897-03-20 France signs treaty with Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia

Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II
Emperor of Ethiopia
Menelik II
  • 1897-08-14 The town of Anosimena is captured by French troops from Menabe defenders in Madagascar.
  • 1897-08-30 The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar.
  • 1898-01-13 Emile Zola publishes his open letter "J'accuse" accusing the French government of framing Alfred Dreyfus for sabotage
  • 1898-02-23 In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing government of anti-Semitism & wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus
  • 1898-06-14 France signs Niger Convention
  • 1898-07-04 French liner "La Bourgogne" collides with bark Cromartyshire, 560 die
  • 1898-07-12 Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda, Sudan
  • 1898-09-29 French troops reach Guinea & Sudan, Samori caught
  • 1898-11-02 French government of Dupuy forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898-12-21 Scientists Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium

Physicist Marie Curie
Marie Curie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900-02-15 Boer War: Siege of Kimberley broken by British troops under Lieutenant-General John French after a 124 day siege. Kimberley defense led by Cecil Rhodes.

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1900-03-13 In France the length of the working day for women and children is limited by law to 11 hours.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1001 - 1,100 of 2,973

  • 1814-09-08 Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian, born in Bourbourg, France (d. 1874)
  • 1814-10-11 Jean Baptiste Lamy, 1st Archbishop of Santa Fe (1853-85), born in Lempdes, Puy-de-Dôme, France (d. 1888)
  • 1814-10-25 Prince Louis, French Duke of Nemours, born in Palais Royal, Paris (d. 1896)
  • 1815-01-01 Charles Renouvier, French philosopher, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1903)
  • 1815-01-13 William Henry French, American Major General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1881)
  • 1815-02-21 Ernest Meissonier, French painter/sculptor
  • 1815-03-28 Arsène Houssaye, French novelist and poet, born in Bruyères, France (d. 1896)
  • 1815-05-05 Eugène Marin Labiche, French playwright (The Italian Straw Hat), born in Paris (d. 1888)
  • 1815-05-08 Jean-Delphin Alard, French violinist and composer, born in Bayonne, France (d. 1888)
  • 1815-07-24 Arnaud-Michel d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1893)
  • 1815-10-13 Jules Quicherat, French historian and archaeologist, born in Paris (d. 1882)
  • 1815-12-21 Thomas Couture, French history painter & teacher, born in Senlis, France (d. 1879)
  • 1815-12-22 Lucien Petipa, French ballet dancer, born in Marseille, France (d. 1898)
  • 1816-01-15 Marie LaFarge, French murderer, born in Paris, France (d. 1852)
  • 1816-04-22 Charles-Denis Bourbaki, French general, born in Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France (d. 1897)
  • 1816-06-04 Régis de Trobriand, French aristocrat, lawyer and Bvt Mjr Gen (Union), born in Tours, France (d. 1897)
  • 1816-07-11 French-Andries Durlet, Belgian sculptor and architect, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1867)
  • 1816-07-14 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
  • 1816-08-21 Charles Frédéric Gerhardt, French chemist, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1856)
  • 1816-09-04 François Bazin, French composer, born in Marseille, France (d. 1878)
  • 1817-02-03 Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse, French geologist (d. 1881)
  • 1817-02-15 Charles-François Daubigny, French painter of the Barbizon school, born in Paris (d. 1878)
  • 1817-07-17 Ignace Leybach, French pianist and composer, born in Gambsheim, Alsace, France (d. 1891)
  • 1817-10-23 Pierre Athanase Larousse, French lexicographer (d. 1875)
  • 1817-10-24 Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés, French chemist and inventor of margarine, born in Draguignan, France (d. 1880)
  • 1818-06-03 Louis Faidherbe, French general (d. 1889)
  • 1818-06-17 Charles Gounod, French opera composer (Faust), born in Paris, France (d. 1893)
  • 1818-08-07 Henry Litolff, French composer and pianist, born in London, England (d. 1891)
  • 1818-09-13 Gustave Aimard, French world explorer and writer (Grande Flibuste), born in Paris (d. 1883)
  • 1818-11-22 Samuel Gibbs French, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Mullica Hill, New Jersey (d. 1910)
  • 1818-11-26 Louis Lacombe, French pianist and composer, born in Bourges, France (d. 1884)
  • 1819-03-11 Marius Petipa, French ballet dancer/choreographer (Don Quiotte)
  • 1819-06-10 Gustave Courbet, French realist painter (Demoiselles the la Seine), born in Ornans, Doubs, Kingdom of France (d. 1877)
  • 1819-06-20 Jacques Offenbach, German-French composer (Tales of Hoffmann), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1880)
  • 1819-07-02 Charles-Louis Hanon, French composer and piano pedagogue (The Virtuoso Pianist in 60 Exercises), born in Renescure, France (d. 1900)
  • 1819-07-03 Louis Théodore Gouvy, French-German composer, born in Sarre (d. 1898)
  • 1819-07-20 Paul Henrion, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1901)
  • 1819-09-17 Leon Foucault, French physicist whose pendulum proved that the Earth rotates, born in Paris (d. 1868)
  • 1819-09-21 Louise Marie Thérèse of Artois, Duchess of Parma and Piacenza, born in Élysée Palace, Paris, France (d. 1864)
  • 1819-09-23 Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (d. 1896)
  • 1819-10-19 Joseph C Juglar, French physician/economist (Crises Commercial)
  • 1819-12-22 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1892)
  • 1820-03-24 Edmond Becquerel, French physicist who studied the solar spectrum, magnetism, electricity and optics (photovoltaic effect), born in Paris, France (d. 1891)
  • 1820-04-05 Nadar [Félix Tournachon], French photographer and balloonist, took the first aerial photograph, born in Paris (d. 1910)
  • 1820-05-27 Mathilde Bonaparte, French princess (daughter of Napoleon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte and his second wife, Catharina of Württemberg, daughter of King Frederick I of Württemberg) and socialite, born in Trieste, Italy (d. 1904)
  • 1820-06-16 Athanase Coquerel, French Protestant preacher (d. 1875)
  • 1820-08-20 Adolphe Fétis, Belgian-French pianist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1873)
  • 1820-09-17 Émile Augier, French dramatist, born in Valence, Drôme, Kingdom of France (d. 1889)
  • 1821-02-11 Auguste-Édouard Mariette, French Egyptologist (d. 1881)
  • 1821-03-16 Ernest Feydeau, French author (Georges Feydeau)
  • 1821-04-09 Charles-Pierre Baudelaire, French poet and translator (Les Fleurs du mal), born in Paris, France (d. 1867)
  • 1821-04-16 Ford Madox Brown, British painter, born in Calais, France (d. 1893)
  • 1821-04-23 Pierre Dupont, French songwriter, born in Lyon, France (d. 1870)
  • 1821-06-13 Albert, 4th duc de Broglie, Prime Minister of France (1873-74, 1977), born in Paris (d. 1901)
  • 1821-07-18 Pauline Viardot, French pianist, mezzo-soprano, and composer (Cendrillon), born in Paris (d. 1910)

Person of interestLouis Vuitton

1821-08-04 Louis Vuitton, French founder of the Louis Vuitton brand of leather goods now owned by LVMH, born in Anchay, France (d. 1892)

Luggage Maker Louis Vuitton
Luggage Maker
Louis Vuitton
  • 1821-08-29 Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet, French anthropologist who was the first to organize and classify Stone Age cultures into a chronological sequence of epochs, born in Meylan, France (d. 1898)
  • 1821-11-09 Jean-Baptiste Theodore Weckerlin, French composer, born in Alsace, Guebwiller (d. 1910)
  • 1821-11-23 Charles Meryon, British/French etcher
  • 1821-12-12 Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (Madame Bovary), born in Rouen, France (d. 1880)
  • 1822-01-12 Étienne Lenoir, French engineer (d. 1900)
  • 1822-02-08 Maxime Du Camp, French writer/traveler (Les Buveurs de Cendres)
  • 1822-03-04 Jules Antoine Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)
  • 1822-03-16 Marie-Rosalie "Rosa" Bonheur, French animalière painter (The Horse Fair; Buffalo Bill), and sculptor, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1899)
  • 1822-05-20 Emile Erckmann [E-Chatrian], French writer (Waterloo)
  • 1822-05-20 Frederic Passy, French economist/pacifist (Nobel 1901)
  • 1822-05-26 Edmond de Goncourt, French writer, wrote with his brother Jules de Goncourt, born in Nancy (d. 1896)
  • 1822-09-09 Napoléon JKP Bonaparte, French prince and member of National Convention, born in Trieste, Austrian Empire (d. 1891)
  • 1822-12-24 Charles Hermite, French mathematician (proof that e is transcendental), born in Dieuze, France (d. 1901)

Person of interestLouis Pasteur

1822-12-27 Louis Pasteur, French bacteriologist (invented pasteurization), born in Dole, France (d. 1895)

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur
  • 1823-01-27 Édouard Lalo, French composer (Symphonie Espagnole; Le roi d'Ys), born in Lille, France (d. 1892)
  • 1823-02-28 Ernest Renan, French philosopher/historian/scholar of religion
  • 1823-03-14 Théodore de Banville, French writer, born in Moulins, France (d. 1891)
  • 1823-06-13 Gustave Paul Cluseret, French Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Suresnes, France (d. 1900)
  • 1823-06-21 Jean Chacornac, French astronomer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1873)
  • 1823-09-28 Alexandre Cabanel, French painter (Birth of Venus), born in Montpellier, France (d. 1889)
  • 1823-12-01 Ernest Reyer, French opera composer, born in Marseilles, France (d. 1909)
  • 1823-12-21 Jean Henri Fabre, French nautralist & entomologist (insects & spiders), born in Saint-Léons, Aveyron, France
  • 1824-01-15 Marie Duplessis [Alphonsine Rose Plessis], French courtesan, born in Nonant-le-Pin, Normandy, France (d. 1847)
  • 1824-02-22 Pierre Janssen, French astronomer, discovered helium, born in Paris, France (d. 1907)
  • 1824-02-28 Charles Blondin, French acrobat and tight rope walker, born in St. Omer (d. 1897)
  • 1824-03-15 Jules Chevalier, French Roman Catholic priest (Missionaries of the Sacred Heart, Daughters of Our Lady of the Sacred Heart), born in Richelieu, Touraine, France (d. 1907)
  • 1824-04-24 François Fournier, Swiss-French postage stamp forger, born in Croix-de-Rozon, Switzerland (d. 1917)
  • 1824-04-25 Gustave Boulanger, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1888)
  • 1824-05-11 Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1904)
  • 1824-06-28 Paul Broca, French brain surgeon and anthropologist (located speech center), born in Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, France (d. 1880)
  • 1824-07-12 Eugène Boudin, French painter (beach scenes), born in Honfleur, France (d. 1898)
  • 1824-12-14 Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter, born in Lyon, Rhône, France (d. 1898)
  • 1825-03-17 Rodolphe Bresdin, French cartoonist/lithographer (Le Bon Samaritain)
  • 1825-04-11 Ferdinand Lassalle, French socialist and political activist (Allgemeiner), born in Breslau, Prussia (d. 1864)
  • 1825-05-04 Augustus Le Plongeon, French-American photographer and antiquitarian, born in Island of Jersey, France (d. 1908)
  • 1825-07-09 Jules Oppert, French-German Assyriologist (decodes characters), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1825-10-31 Charles Lavigerie, French Catholic cardinal, born in Bayonne, France (d. 1892)
  • 1825-11-29 Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist, born in Paris, France (d. 1893)
  • 1826-04-06 Gustave Moreau, French painter
  • 1826-05-05 Eugénie de Montijo, Empress of France (1853-71), born in Granada, Kingdom of Spain (d. 1920)
  • 1826-07-10 Theodore Lajarte, French writer on music and composer, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1890)
  • 1826-12-18 Charles-A Chatrian [Erckmann-C], French writer (L'ami Fritz)
  • 1827-02-01 Alphonse de Rothschild, French banker
  • 1827-05-11 Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (d. 1875)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1001 - 1,100 of 2,513

  • 1832-08-31 Jean Nicolas Auguste Kreutzer, French violinist and composer, dies at 53
  • 1832-11-15 Jean Baptiste Say, French economist, dies at 63
  • 1833-01-10 Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (worked on elliptic integrals), dies at 80
  • 1833-01-12 Marie-Antoine Carême, French chef (b. 1784)
  • 1833-01-19 (Louis Joseph) Ferdinand Hérold, French pianist, violinist, and composer of over twenty operas, dies from tuberculosis at 41
  • 1833-02-06 Pierre André Latreille, French entomologist (first detailed classification of crustaceans and insects), dies at 70
  • 1833-05-10 François Andrieux, French playwright, dies at 74
  • 1833-07-05 Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor (b. 1765)
  • 1834-01-16 Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (b. 1769)

Person of interestMarquis de Lafayette

1834-05-20 Marquis de Lafayette, American patriot and French revolutionary, dies at 76

French General and Aristocrat Marquis de Lafayette
French General and Aristocrat
Marquis de Lafayette
  • 1834-07-14 Edmond Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (b. 1763)
  • 1834-08-07 Joseph Marie Jacquard, French weaver and inventor (b. 1752)
  • 1834-09-16 Antoine-Vincent Arnault, French writer (Guillaume the Nassau), dies
  • 1835-03-20 Louis-Leopold Robert, French painter (b. 1794)
  • 1835-07-28 Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (b. 1768)
  • 1836-03-09 Antoine Destutt de Tracy, French Enlightenment philosopher, dies at 81
  • 1836-06-10 André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (b. 1775)
  • 1836-06-26 Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle, French author and composer (Marseillaise), dies at 76
  • 1836-08-16 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (Parseval's theorem), dies at 81
  • 1836-08-21 Claude-Louis Navier, French engineer and physicist who specialized in mechanics (Navier–Stokes equations), dies at 51
  • 1836-09-17 Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (Classification of flowering plants), dies at 88

Person of interestCharles X

1836-11-06 Charles X, King of France (1824-30), dies at 79

King of France Charles X
King of France
Charles X
  • 1836-11-27 Carle Vernet, French painter and lithographer, dies at 78
  • 1837-08-09 Xavier Sigalon, French painter (b. 1787)
  • 1837-10-05 Hortense de Beauharnais, French Queen of Holland (1806-10), dies at 54
  • 1837-10-09 Charles Fourier, French utopian socialist (Harmony universal), dies
  • 1837-11-04 Jean-Louis-Marc Alibert, French dermatologist, dies at 69

Person of interestTalleyrand

1838-05-17 Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, French statesman, dies at 84

Politician and Diplomat Talleyrand
Politician and Diplomat
  • 1838-05-17 René Caillé, French explorer and the first European to return alive from the town of Timbuktu, dies at 38
  • 1838-06-25 François-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo, French Army general, dies at 64
  • 1838-08-21 Adelbert von Chamisso, French writer (Peter Schlemihl), dies at 57
  • 1838-09-05 Charles Percier, French architect, dies at 74
  • 1839-04-23 Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French explorer, dies at 70
  • 1839-05-13 Joseph Fesch, French cardinal/war commission/earl/senator, dies
  • 1839-06-13 Martin-Pierre Dalvimare, French musician and composer, dies at 66
  • 1839-07-29 Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (b. 1755)
  • 1839-10-18 French Jozef Kinsoen, Flemish portrait painter, dies at 68
  • 1839-12-18 Charles-Henri Plantade, French composer, dies at 75

Person of interestJean-Baptiste Lamarck

1839-12-18 Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French naturalist (Lamarckian evolution), dies at 85

French Naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
French Naturalist
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
  • 1840-03-22 Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician, dies at 41
  • 1840-04-25 Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician (Poisson distribution) and physicist, dies at 58
  • 1840-06-06 Marcellin Champagnat, French priest (b. 1789)
  • 1840-10-06 François Budan de Boislaurent, French mathematician, dies at 80
  • 1841-03-01 Claude Victor-Perrin, Duc de Belluno, French marshal, dies at 76
  • 1841-03-16 Félix Savart, French surgeon and physicist (Law of Biot & Savart), dies at 49
  • 1841-04-28 Peter Chanel, French priest & saint, dies at 37
  • 1841-06-03 Nicolas Appert, French inventor of airtight food preservation (food canning, bouillon tablet), dies at 91
  • 1841-11-01 Antoine Philippe Vischer, comte de Celles, Belgian-French politician, dies at 61
  • 1842-01-08 Viscount Pierre Cambronne, French General during the wars of the Revolution and the Napoleonic Era, dies at 71
  • 1842-03-23 Stendhal [Marie-Henri Beyle], French author (Le Rouge et de Noir, a Chartreuse de Parme), dies at 59
  • 1842-03-30 Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun, French painter (b. 1755)
  • 1842-05-08 Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer and naval officer, dies at 51
  • 1842-05-15 Emanuel A D M J count de las Cases, French historian (Napoleon), dies at 76
  • 1842-07-25 Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (b. 1766)
  • 1842-08-18 Louis de Freycinet, French explorer and navigator (published the first map to show a full outline of the coastline of Australia in 1811), dies at 62
  • 1842-09-15 Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer, dies at 70
  • 1842-12-05 Marie-Jean Auguste Vestris, French ballet dancer, dies at 82
  • 1843-05-24 Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician, dies at 78
  • 1843-09-11 Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, died at 57
  • 1843-09-19 Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French scientist (b. 1792)
  • 1844-01-31 Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general and engineer, dies at 70
  • 1844-03-08 Charles XIV [Jean Bernadotte], French-born King of Sweden & Norway (1818-44), Marshall of France, dies at 81
  • 1844-06-03 Louis Antoine, French Duke of Angoulême and General of France, dies at 68
  • 1844-06-19 Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist, dies at 72
  • 1844-07-12 Charles-Louis Panckoucke, French publisher, dies at 63
  • 1844-07-15 Claude Charles Fauriel, French historian (b. 1772)
  • 1844-09-27 Charles Nodier, French writer (History du chien the Brisquet), dies at 63
  • 1844-10-12 Claude Tillier, French journalist and writer (My Uncle Benjamin), dies at 43
  • 1844-11-14 Flora Tristan, French writer and social activist, dies at 41
  • 1845-02-14 Joseph Lakanal, French Politician and Educator, dies at 82
  • 1845-09-04 Pierre-Paul Royer-Collard, French statesman and philosopher, dies at 82
  • 1845-10-25 Carel H Verhuell, Dutch/French vice-admiral, dies at 81
  • 1845-10-27 Jean Charles Athanase Peltier, French Physicist (Peltier effect 1834), dies at 60
  • 1846-01-10 Étienne Pivert de Senancour, French writer (De l'Amour), dies at 75
  • 1846-07-24 Louis Napoléon Bonaparte, French King of the Netherlands (1806-10), dies at 67
  • 1846-12-23 Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent, French naturalist (b. 1780)
  • 1847-03-29 Auguste De Polignac, premier France, dies at 66
  • 1847-05-29 Emmanuel, marquis de Grouchy, French general and marshal, dies at 80
  • 1847-06-09 Pierre-Simon Ballanche, French philosopher and poet (Orphée), dies at 70
  • 1847-09-13 Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal, dies at 81
  • 1848-05-31 Eugénie de Guérin, French writer (b. 1805)
  • 1848-07-04 Francois Rene de Chateaubriand, French novelist (Atala), dies at 79
  • 1849-02-08 France Prešeren, Slovenian poet (Sonetni Venec), dies at 48
  • 1849-05-11 Juliette Récamier, French socialite, dies at 71
  • 1849-06-03 Francois de Paule Jacques Raymond de Fossa, French classical guitarist and composer, dies at 73
  • 1849-06-10 Friedrich Kalkbrenner, German-French pianist and composer, dies at 63
  • 1849-06-10 Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly, dies at 64

Person of interestFrederic Chopin

1849-10-17 Frederic Chopin, Polish-French pianist and composer (Concert in F Minor), dies of at 39

Composer Frederic Chopin
Frederic Chopin
  • 1849-12-12 Marc Isambard Brunel, French-born English engineer (Thames Tunnel, father of Isambard Kingdom Brunel), dies at 80

Person of interestMadame Tussaud

1850-04-16 Marie Tussaud, French founder of Madame Tussaud's wax museum, dies at 88

Wax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud
Wax Museum Creator
Madame Tussaud
  • 1850-05-09 Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French physicist & chemist, dies at 71
  • 1850-08-18 Honoré de Balzac, French novelist (La Comédie Humaine), dies at 51
  • 1850-08-26 Louis-Philippe, King of France (1830-48), dies at 76
  • 1850-12-10 François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist, dies at 63
Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • 1851-11-26 Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, French marshal, 10th Prime Minister of France, dies at 82

Person of interestLouis Braille

1852-01-06 Louis Braille, French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for the blind, dies of tuberculosis at 43

Braille Inventor Louis Braille
Braille Inventor
Louis Braille
  • 1852-02-02 Francis Libermann, French religious leader (Congregation of Heart), dies at 49
  • 1852-07-19 Anne François Mellinet, French-Belgian general (Antwerp), dies at 83
  • 1852-07-22 Auguste Marmont, French marshal, dies at 77