French History (Part 12)

Historical Events

Events 1101 - 1,200 of 2,328

  • 1899-02-16 President of France Félix Faure dies in office.
  • 1899-03-21 British & French accord over West Africa
  • 1899-09-09 French Capt Alfred Dreyfus sentenced on unjust grounds

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900-02-15 Boer War: Siege of Kimberley broken by British troops under Lieutenant-General John French after a 124 day siege. Kimberley defense led by Cecil Rhodes.

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1900-03-13 In France the length of the working day for women and children is limited by law to 11 hours.
  • 1900-08-04 An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion
  • 1900-08-20 Great Britain beats France in cricket in Olympic Games
  • 1900-09-05 France proclaims a protectorate over Chad
  • 1900-11-22 Paul Kruger, exiled President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, is given a popular welcome when he lands at Marseilles, France
  • 1900-12-14 France and Italy sign a secret agreement by which Italy recognizes France's right to exploit Morocco in return for France's conceding her the same right in Tripoli
  • 1900-12-24 The French Chamber of Deputies and Senate pass a bill calling for an end to agitation or prosecutions against those involved in the Dreyfus affair, which has divided France since 1894
  • 1901-07-20 Morocco signs an agreement with France fixing Morocco's frontier with Algeria, a French colony

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901-09-16 French painter Paul Gauguin settles in Atuona in the Marquesas Islands

Painter and Sculptor Paul Gauguin
Painter and Sculptor
Paul Gauguin
  • 1901-11-07 A French fleet seizes the customs house on the Turkish-ruled island of Mytilene after Turks refuse to settle France's indemnity claims for losses suffered by French subjects in 1896
  • 1902-01-04 The French Panama Canal Company offers to sell its right to build a canal to the US for 40 million; this will tip the balance away from those favoring a canal through Nicaraugua
  • 1902-03-20 France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea

  • 1902-05-08 Mount Pelée on the French overseas island of Martinique erupts, wiping out the city of Saint-Pierre, killing 30,000 and leaving only two survivors
  • 1902-06-28 US buys concession to build Panama canal from French for $40 million
  • 1902-10-20 The Chamber of Deputies appoints a committee to consider questions on the separation of Church and State in France
  • 1902-11-01 France and Italy sign an Entente under which Italy agrees to remain neutral if France is attacked; this is France's attempt to neutralize the Triple Entente
  • 1903-03-18 Following through on its attacks on Roman Catholic institutions, the French Government dissolves the Catholic religious orders
  • 1903-05-01 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Paris, where he is feted in a first step toward improving Anglo-French relations, culminating in the sighing of the Entente Cordiale on 8 April, 1904
  • 1903-06-06 President Emile Loubet of France and Minister of Foreign Affairs Theophile Declasse visit London, furthering the cause of Entente Cordiale between Britain and France
  • 1903-11-17 Dahomey (Benin) becomes a French protectorate.
  • 1903-12-29 French Equatorial Africa separates into Gabon, Chad and Ubangi-Shari
  • 1904-04-08 Great Britain and France establish their Entente Cordiale, a technical treaty settling long-standing disagreements over Morocco, Egypt, Africa, and the Pacific
  • 1904-04-08 Entente Cordiale between Britain and France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904-04-24 President Loubet of France visits King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and pointedly ignores the Pope, exacerbating relations between France and the Roman Catholic Church

King of Italy Victor Emmanuel III
King of Italy
Victor Emmanuel III
  • 1904-05-21 France recalls its ambassador to the Vatican to protest the Pope's attempt to discipline two French bishops; this is yet another incident driving France and the Catholic Church apart
  • 1904-10-03 France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
  • 1905-01-18 French government of Combes falls
  • 1905-01-27 Maurice Rouvier forms government in France
  • 1905-04-12 French Dufaux brothers test helicopter

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1905-05-02 French newspapers publish lists of Jules Verne's unpublished work

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • 1905-06-06 French Foreign minister Delcasse resigns on German request
  • 1905-11-22 British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos

  • 1905-12-09 French Assembly National votes for separation of church & state
  • 1906-01-10 The British and French begin consultations on military and naval issues
  • 1906-02-27 France and Britain agree to joint control of New Hebrides
  • 1906-03-03 Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traian Vuia tested in France
  • 1906-03-10 Europe's worst mining accident when a coal dust explosion kills 1,060 at Courrieres, France
  • 1906-06-26 Hongar Szisz wins 1st Grand-Prix (Le Mans, France)
  • 1906-07-04 Great Britain, France, and Italy declare independence of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), but all lay claim to their own 'spheres of influence' in that land
  • 1906-07-12 Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1906-07-17 Clement Armand Fallieres is elected President of France, but power lies with Georges Clémenceau

Prime Minister of France Georges Clémenceau
Prime Minister of France
Georges Clémenceau
  • 1906-09-07 Alberto Santos-Dumont flies his 14-bis aircraft at Bagatelle, France for the first time successfully.
  • 1906-10-25 Georges Clémenceau succeeds Ferdinand Sarien as Prime Minister of France

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1906-12-10 Frenchman Henri Moissan is presented with the Nobel prize for Chemistry for isolating Fluoride

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Henri Moissan
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Moissan
  • 1906-12-31 French, British and Italian treaty concerning rights on Abyssinia
  • 1907-05-16 In the Pact of Cartagena, Great Britain, France, and Spain agree to maintain the status quo in the Mediterranean and along the Atlantic coast of Europe and Africa
  • 1907-06-10 France and Japan sign an agreement to maintain the independence and integrity of China, equality for all nations in trading with China, and the status quo in the Far East
  • 1907-06-21 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Liverpool GC: Frenchman Arnaud Massy wins by 2 strokes from J.H. Taylor; first non-Briton to win Open Championship
  • 1907-07-18 French troops occupy Casablanca
  • 1907-07-29 1st helicopter ascent in Douai, France
  • 1907-07-30 Starting today, the French bombard Casablanca and land troops to occupy the Atlantic-coast region of Morocco after attacks on foreigners
  • 1907-08-16 Mulay Hafid is proclaimed the Sultan of Morocco by supporters leading to civil war; Mulay is supported by Germany while France supports the existing Sultan
  • 1907-08-31 Britain, Russia & France form Triple Entente
Henri Farman crosses the line to win the Grand Prix d'Aviation for the first observed circular flight of 1km
Henri Farman crosses the line to win the Grand Prix d'Aviation for the first observed circular flight of 1km
  • 1907-11-13 French cyclist Paul Cornu flies 1st helicopter (twin rotor)
  • 1908-04-23 Denmark, Germany, Britain, France, Netherlands & Sweden sign North Sea accord
  • 1908-08-03 French brothers Amadee and Jean Bouyssonie discover the fossil remains of a nearly complete 60,000 year-old Neanderthal man 'Old man of La Chappelle' at La Chappelle-aux-Saints, France
  • 1909-02-08 France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco
  • 1909-02-20 Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in the French journal "Le Figaro"
  • 1909-03-02 Great Britain, France, Germany & Italy asks Serbia to set no territorial demands
  • 1909-06-28 1st French air show, Concours d'Avation opens
  • 1909-07-25 France's Louis Bleriot, makes 1st airplane flight across English Channel
  • 1909-08-29 AH Latham of France sets world airplane altitude record of 155 m
  • 1909-08-29 World's 1st air race held in Rheims France. Glenn Curtiss (USA) wins
  • 1909-09-07 Eugene Lefebvre becomes first pilot to die in an airplane craft, while test piloting new French-built Wright biplane at Juvisy
  • 1909-09-17 Denis Peyrony and Louis Capitan discover the skull of an adult male Neanderthal (La Ferrassie 1) during excavations in a rock shelter near La Ferrassie, France
  • 1909-10-18 Comte de Lambert of France sets airplane altitude record of 300 m
  • 1910-03-28 1st seaplane takes off from water at Martinques France (Henri Fabre)
  • 1910-09-27 1st test flight of a twin-engined airplane (France)
  • 1910-12-09 French troops occupy Morrocan harbor city Agadir
  • 1911-01-17 Failed assassination attempt on premier Briand in French Assembly
  • 1911-01-28 Frenchman Henri Rougier wins 1st Rally of Monte Carlo
  • 1911-05-02 French troops occupy Fès El Bali, Morocco
  • 1911-05-21 French troop enter Fez in Morocco to quell anti-European agitation
  • 1911-06-28 Joseph Caillaux forms government in France
  • 1911-06-30 Adolphe Messimy appointed French minister of War
  • 1911-06-30 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St George's Golf Club: Harry Vardon wins his 5th Championship by 10 shots in a playoff with 1907 champion Arnaud Massy of France
  • 1911-09-25 French battleship Liberte explodes at Toulon Harbor, 285 killed
  • 1911-09-29 Gun magazine of French battleship Liberte explode
  • 1911-11-04 France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco & Congo
  • 1912-01-10 Caillaux government in France resigns
  • 1912-01-14 Raymond Poincaré becomes Premier of France
  • 1912-03-30 French protectorate in Morocco established
  • 1912-07-25 Comoros proclaimed a French colonies
  • 1913-01-17 Raymond Poincaré elected president of France
  • 1913-01-19 Raymond Poincaré installed as President of France
  • 1913-01-21 Aristide Briand forms French government for the 2nd time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913-02-18 French modernist painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" by Marcel Duchamp causes an uproar when shown in New York

Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
  • 1913-08-19 Frenchman Adolphe Célestin Pégoud makes 1st parachute jump in Europe
  • 1913-08-20 1st pilot to parachute from an aircraft (Adolphe Pégoud, France)
  • 1913-09-06 1st aircraft to loop the loop - Adolphe Pégoud in France
  • 1913-09-21 1st aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, performed in France
  • 1913-12-02 French Government of Louis Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
  • 1914-07-30 French troops withdraw 10 km from German border
  • 1914-07-30 John French appointed British supreme commander
  • 1914-08-01 France and Germany mobilize their troops at outbreak of WWI

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1101 - 1,200 of 2,981

  • 1827-02-01 Alphonse de Rothschild, French banker
  • 1827-05-11 Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (d. 1875)
  • 1827-05-19 Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour, French statesman (d. 1896)
  • 1827-09-16 Jean Albert Gaudry, French geologist and palaeontologist, born in St Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1908)
  • 1827-10-29 Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist (Thomsen–Berthelot principle of thermochemistry), born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1827-11-30 Henri Ernest Baillon, French botanist (History of Plants), born in Calais, France (d. 1895)

Person of interestJules Verne

1828-02-08 Jules Verne, French writer known as the "Father of Science Fiction" (Around the World in 80 days), born in Nantes, France (d. 1905)

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • 1828-02-14 Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (Le Roi des montagnes), born in Dieuze, Lorraine (d. 1885)
  • 1828-04-21 Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher and historian (Voyage in Italy), born in Vouziers, Ardennes, France (d. 1893)
  • 1828-05-02 Désiré Charnay, French traveller and archaeologist, born in Fleurie, France (d. 1915)
  • 1828-08-17 Jules Bernard Luys, French neurologist (d. 1897)
  • 1828-10-02 Charles Floquet, French statesman and 44th Prime Minister of France, born in Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port, France (d. 1896)
  • 1828-10-08 Francisque Sarcey, French writer (Le Temps), born in Dourdan, France (d. 1899)
  • 1828-11-26 René Goblet, French politician (41st Prime Minister of France), born in Aire-sur-la-Lys, France (d. 1905)
  • 1829-07-08 Pierre A Vicomte de Ponson du Terrail, French serial writer
  • 1829-12-05 Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French-Canadian politician (7th Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia), born in Épernay, France (d. 1908)
  • 1830-01-23 Gaston, Marquis de Galliffet, French general & Minister of War (1899-1900), born in Paris, France (d. 1909)
  • 1830-03-15 Élisée Reclus, French geographer (d. 1905)
  • 1830-03-18 Numa D Fustel de Coulanges, French historian/sociologist
  • 1830-05-10 Francois M Raoult, French physicist/chemist (law of Raoult)
  • 1830-05-20 Hector H Malot, French writer (Without Family)

Person of interestCamille Pissarro

1830-07-10 Camille Pissarro, Danish Antillean and French painter (Impressionism), born in Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas, Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands) (d. 1903)

Person of interestFrederic Mistral

1830-09-08 Frederic Mistral, French Provencal poet (Nobel 1904), born in Maillane, France (d. 1914)

Provencal Poet Frederic Mistral
Provencal Poet
Frederic Mistral
  • 1830-12-17 Jules de Goncourt, French novelist (Germinie), wrote with his brother Edmond de Goncourt, born in Paris (d. 1870)
  • 1831-06-03 Otho French Strahl, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1831-09-07 Alexandre Falguière, French sculptor and painter, born in Toulouse, France (d. 1900)
  • 1832-01-06 Gustave Doré, French painter and sculptor, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1883)

Person of interestEdouard Manet

1832-01-23 Edouard Manet, French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass), born in Paris, France (d. 1883)

Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet
  • 1832-04-05 Jules Ferry, French statesman, born in Saint-Dié, France (d. 1893)
  • 1832-11-09 Émile Gaboriau, French writer (father of the French detective novels), born in Saujon, France (d. 1873)

Person of interestGustave Eiffel

1832-12-15 Gustave Eiffel, French engineer and architect who designed and built the Eiffel tower, born in Dijon, France (d. 1923)

Engineer and Achitect Gustave Eiffel
Engineer and Achitect
Gustave Eiffel
  • 1833-10-17 Paul Bert, French Zoologist, Physiologist and pioneer of aerospace medicine whose study of the effects of air pressure on the body, such as altitude sickness and 'the bends', made possible space and ocean exploration, born in Auxerre, Burgundy (d. 1886)
  • 1834-01-01 Ludovic Halévy, French playwright (d. 1908)
  • 1834-03-06 George du Maurier, Franco-British illustrator and writer (Trilby), born in Paris, France (d. 1896)
  • 1834-07-19 Edgar Degas, French impressionist painter, sculptor and artist (The Bellelli Family), born in Paris (d. 1917)

Person of interestFrédéric-Auguste Bartholdi

1834-08-02 Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor (designed the Statue of Liberty), born in Colmar, France (d. 1904)

  • 1834-09-17 Edouard Pailleron, French attorney, poet and stage writer, born in Paris, France (d. 1899)
  • 1834-12-16 Leon Walras, French economist (border use theory)
  • 1835-05-01 Alfred Napoleon Alexander "Natti" Duffié, French-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Paris, France (d. 1880)
  • 1835-07-31 Henri Brisson, French statesman (d. 1912)
  • 1835-07-31 Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (d. 1903)
  • 1835-10-02 Louis-Antoine Ranvier, French anatomist and historian, born in Lyon, France (d. 1922)
  • 1835-10-09 Camille Saint-Saëns, French composer (Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso), born in Paris (d. 1921)
  • 1835-12-07 Dom Joseph Pothier, French monk and musicologist, born in Bouzemont, France (d. 1923)
  • 1835-12-12 Georges Jean Pfeiffer, French composer, born in Versailles, France (d. 1908)
  • 1836-01-14 Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter, born in Grenoble, France (d. 1904)
  • 1836-02-21 Clement Léo Delibes, French romantic composer (Coppélia, Sylvia, Le roi l'a dit, Lakmé), born in Saint-Germain-du-Val, France (d. 1891)
  • 1836-10-04 Juliette Adam, French author (Salon/Nouvelle Revue) and feminist, born in Verberie, Oise, France (d. 1936)
  • 1836-10-15 James Tissot, French artist, born in Nantes, France (d. 1902)
  • 1836-12-15 Edmond Picard, French-Belgian lawyer and writer (La forge Roussel), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1924)
  • 1837-04-29 Georges Boulanger, French general and politician, born in Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine, France (d. 1891)
  • 1837-05-31 Ernest Daudet, French journalist and writer (White Terror), born in Nîmes, France (d. 1921)
  • 1837-06-26 Victor Girardey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lauw, France (d. 1864)
  • 1837-07-11 Paul Lacombe, French composer, born in Carcassonne, France (d. 1927)
  • 1837-08-11 Marie François Sadi Carnot, President of France (1887-94), born in Limoges, France (d. 1894)
  • 1837-08-24 Theodore Dubois, French composer, born in Rosnay, Marne, France (d. 1924)
  • 1837-11-02 Émile Bayard, French artist and illustrator, born in La Ferté-sous-Jouarre, Seine-et-Marne, France (d. (1891)
  • 1837-12-09 Émile Waldteufel, French composer, born in Strasbourg (d. 1915)
  • 1838-01-05 Camille Jordan, French mathematician, born in Lyon, France (d. 1922)
  • 1838-02-28 Maurice Lévy, French engineer (d. 1910)
  • 1838-03-04 Paul Lacôme, French composer, born in Le Houga, Gascony (d. 1920)
  • 1838-03-31 Leon Dierx, French poet
  • 1838-04-03 Leon Michel Gambetta, French attorney and 37th Prime Minister of France (1881-82), born in Cahors, Kingdom of France (d. 1882)
  • 1838-04-18 Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, French scientist, born in Cognac, France (d. 1912)
  • 1838-05-20 Jules Méline, French statesman (d. 1925)
  • 1838-07-23 Édouard Colonne, French composer and violinist, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1910)

Person of interestGeorges Bizet

1838-10-25 Georges Bizet, French composer (Carmen), born in Paris (d. 1875)

Composer Georges Bizet
Composer
Georges Bizet
  • 1838-11-07 Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, French writer (Contes cruels), born in Saint-Brieuc, Brittany, France (d. 1889)
  • 1838-12-13 Marie-Alexis Castillon de Saint-Victor, French composer, born in Chartres, France (d. 1873)
  • 1838-12-31 Emile Loubet, French politician (President 1899-1906), born in Marsanne, France (d. 1929)

Person of interestPaul Cézanne

1839-01-19 Paul Cézanne, French artist and Post-Impressionist painter (The Basket of Apples), born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1906)

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne
  • 1839-03-16 René F Armand Sully-Prudhomme, French poet, 1st Nobel winner (1901)
  • 1839-04-05 Stanislaw Pilinski, French pianist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1905)
  • 1839-04-12 Victorin de Joncières, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1903)
  • 1839-05-08 Adolphe-Basile Routhier, French-Canadian lyricist (O Canada), born in Saint-Placide, Quebec (d. 1920)
  • 1839-07-25 Francis Garnier, French explorer, born in Saint-Étienne, France (d. 1873)
  • 1839-08-30 Gulstan Ropert, French Roman Catholic prelate, born in Kerfago, Brittany, France (d. 1903)
  • 1839-10-30 Alfred Sisley, French impressionist painter, born in Paris (d. 1899)
  • 1840-02-28 Henri Duveyrier, French explorer of the Sahara, born in Paris, France (d. 1892)
  • 1840-04-02 Émile Zola, French novelist and critic (J'accuse), born in Paris, France (d. 1902)
  • 1840-04-12 Edmond Audran, French composer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1901)
  • 1840-04-20 Odilon Redon [Bertrand-Jean Redon], French symbolist painter, born in Bordeaux (d. 1916)
  • 1840-05-13 Alphonse Daudet, French writer (Tartarin of Tarascon), born in Nîmes, France (d. 1897)
  • 1840-10-04 Charles Lenepveu, French composer, born in Rouen, France (d. 1910)
  • 1840-11-09 Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, French-Canadian lawyer and politician, born in Sainte-Thérèse, Canada (d. 1898)

Person of interestAuguste Rodin

1840-11-12 Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (Kiss, Thinker), born in Paris, France (d. 1917)

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Sculptor
Auguste Rodin
  • 1841-01-14 Berthe Morisot, French painter, born in Bourges, France (d. 1895)
  • 1841-01-18 Alexis Emmanuel Chabrier, French composer (España, Joyeuse marche, Le Roi Malgré Lui), born in Ambert, Puy-de-Dôme (d. 1894)
  • 1841-01-30 Félix Faure, 6th President of the French Third Republic (1895-99), born in Paris (d. 1899)
  • 1841-02-04 Clément Ader, French aviation pioneer (d. 1926)

Person of interestPierre Auguste Renoir

1841-02-25 Pierre Auguste Renoir, French Impressionist painter and sculptor (Bal du moulin de la Galette, Luncheon of the Boating Party), born in Limoges, France (d. 1919)

Painter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste Renoir
Painter & Sculptor
Pierre Auguste Renoir
  • 1841-02-28 Adrien Albert Marie de Mun, French politician (d. 1914)
  • 1841-04-13 Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor, born in Paris (d. 1905)
  • 1841-05-22 Catulle Mendès, French poet, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1909)
  • 1841-08-28 Louis Le Prince, French artist and original inventor of the motion picture camera sometimes called "the father of cinematography," born in Metz, France (d. 1890)

Person of interestGeorges Clémenceau

1841-09-28 Georges Clémenceau, Prime Minister of France (Radical-Socialist Party: 1906-09, 1917-20) who defended Dreyfuss, born in Mouilleron-en-Pareds, France (d. 1929)

Prime Minister of France Georges Clémenceau
Prime Minister of France
Georges Clémenceau
  • 1841-11-06 Armand Fallières, French president (1906-13), born in Mézin, France (d. 1931)
  • 1841-11-16 Jules Violle, French physicist and inventor, born in Langres, France (d. 1923)
  • 1841-12-06 Frédéric Bazille, French painter, born in Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France (d. 1870)
  • 1841-12-20 Ferdinand Buisson, French academic & pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize 1927), born in Paris, France (d. 1932)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1101 - 1,200 of 2,523

  • 1852-07-19 Anne François Mellinet, French-Belgian general (Antwerp), dies at 83
  • 1852-07-22 Auguste Marmont, French marshal, dies at 77
  • 1852-11-28 Ludger Duvernay, French printer and newspaper publisher (b. 1799)
  • 1853-04-11 Louis Emmanuel Jadin, French composer, dies at 124
  • 1853-09-08 Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar and founder of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul, dies at 40
  • 1853-10-02 François Arago, French astronomer, physicist (chromosome) and politician, dies at 67
  • 1853-10-03 George Onslow, English-French composer (chamber music), dies at 69
  • 1854-02-17 Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais, French Catholic priest and writer (L'avenir), dies at 71
  • 1854-06-07 Charles Baudin, French admiral (b. 1792)
  • 1855-01-26 Gérard de Nerval, French writer (b. 1808)
  • 1855-12-15 Jacques Charles François Sturm, French mathematician (b. 1803)
  • 1856-01-05 Pierre J David, [David d'Angers], French sculptor, dies at 67
  • 1856-05-03 Adolphe Charles Adam, French composer/critic (Giselle), dies at 52
  • 1856-05-12 Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (b. 1786)
  • 1856-08-14 Constant Prévost, French geologist, dies at 69
  • 1856-08-19 Charles Frédéric Gerhardt, French chemist, dies at 39
  • 1856-11-04 Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter, dies at 62
  • 1857-02-16 Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers, French engraver, dies at 77
  • 1857-05-02 Alfred de Musset, French poet (Lesson caprices Marianne), dies at 46
  • 1857-05-11 Eugène François Vidocq, French criminal & police detective, dies at 81
  • 1857-05-23 Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician and physicist, dies at 67
  • 1857-06-30 Alcide d'Orbigny, French naturalist, dies at 54
  • 1857-07-25 Joseph Napoleon Ney, French politician, dies at 54
  • 1857-07-29 Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French prince of Canino and Musignano, dies at 54
  • 1857-08-03 Eugène Sue, French novelist (b. 1804)
  • 1857-09-05 Auguste Comte, French sociologist (b. 1798)
  • 1857-10-28 Louis Eugène Cavaignac, French soldier and politician (b. 1802)
  • 1858-01-03 Rachel Félix [Elisabeth "Eliza/Élisa"], French singer and actress (Muse), dies at 36
  • 1858-05-04 Aimé Bonpland, French explorer and botanist, dies at 84 (date disputed)
  • 1859-04-16 Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian (b. 1805)
  • 1859-05-04 Joseph Diez Gergonne, French mathematician, dies at 87
  • 1859-07-05 Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (b. 1777)
  • 1859-08-04 Jean Vianney, French Catholic priest, dies at 73
  • 1859-12-05 Louis Poinsot, French mathematician and instrument maker, dies at 82
  • 1860-03-14 Louis-Antoine Jullien, French conductor, dies at 47
  • 1860-08-14 André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (b. 1774)
  • 1860-10-24 Élie, Duke Decazes, French Bourbon Restoration politician (Sainte-Martin-de-Laye, France), dies at 80
  • 1862-02-03 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (Biot-Savart law), dies at 87
  • 1862-03-17 Fromental Halévy, French composer, dies at 62
  • 1862-08-30 Charles Bernard Desormes, French Physicist and Chemist (carbon monoxide and carbon disulphide compositions), dies at 91
  • 1863-01-17 Horace Vernet, French painter of battles and Orientalist subjects, dies at 73
  • 1863-08-13 Eugène Delacroix, French painter and etcher (Journal), dies at 65
  • 1863-09-17 Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny, French musketeer and writer (Moise, Chatterton), dies at 66
  • 1864-01-28 Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (b. 1799)
  • 1864-03-27 Jean-Jacques Ampère, French scholar (b. 1800)
  • 1864-07-31 Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette), dies at 64
  • 1864-08-31 Ferdinand Lassalle, French socialist and political activist (Allgemeiner), dies at 39
  • 1864-10-04 Joseph Montferrand, French-Canadian logger and strong man, dies at 61
  • 1864-11-30 Otto French Strahl, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at 33
  • 1865-01-08 Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general and statesman, dies at 85
  • 1865-01-16 Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (Le Roi des montagnes), dies at 56
  • 1865-01-19 Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher and anarchist (b. 1809)
  • 1865-05-25 Madeleine Sophie Barat, French saint and founder of the Society of the Sacred Heart, dies at 85
  • 1865-09-11 Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general, dies at 59
  • 1866-06-16 Joseph Méry French poet (b. 1798)
  • 1867-01-12 Victor Cousin, French philosopher and educational reformer, dies at 74
  • 1867-01-14 Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, French painter (Valpincon Bather), dies at 86
  • 1867-03-02 French-Andries Durlet, Belgian sculptor and architect, dies at 50
  • 1867-08-23 Auguste-Marseille Barthélemy, French poet (b. 1796)
  • 1867-08-31 Charles-Pierre Baudelaire, French poet and translator (Les Fleurs du mal), dies at 46
  • 1867-11-13 Adolphe Napoleon Didron, French archaeologist (b. 1806)
  • 1867-12-06 Jean Pierre Flourens, French physiologist, dies at 73
  • 1867-12-19 Jean-Georges Kastner, French composer, dies at 57
  • 1867-12-22 Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician and engineer who was one of the founders of modern projective geometry, dies at 79
  • 1868-07-16 Louis François Dauprat, French composer and horn player, dies at 87
  • 1868-08-05 Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes, French archaeologist (discovered flint tools in the gravels of the Somme valley), dies at 79
  • 1868-09-27 Alexander Walewski, French earl and Foreign Minister, dies at 58
  • 1868-12-24 Adolphe d'Archiac, French paleontologist and geologist, dies at 66
  • 1869-01-28 Prudent-Louis Aubery du Boulley, French composer, dies at 72
  • 1869-03-08 Louis Hector Berlioz, French composer (Symphony Fantastic), dies at 65
  • 1869-03-24 Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (b. 1779)
  • 1869-03-31 Allan Kardec, French author and founder of Spiritism, dies at 64
  • 1869-10-23 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque, Belgian-French composer, dies at 72
  • 1869-12-26 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physiologist (blood pressure), dies at 72
  • 1870-01-26 Victor de Broglie, 3rd Duke of Broglie, 14th Prime Minister of France (1835-36), dies at 84
  • 1870-05-30 Gustave Vogt, French composer, dies at 89
  • 1870-06-20 Jules de Goncourt, French writer, wrote with his brother Edmond de Goncourt, dies at 39
  • 1870-07-25 Pierre Dupont, French songwriter, dies at 49
  • 1870-09-23 Prosper Mérimée, French author (Carmen), dies at 66
  • 1870-11-24 Comte de Lautréamont, French writer (Les Chants de Maldoror), dies at 24
  • 1870-11-28 Frédéric Bazille, French painter, dies at 28

Person of interestAlexandre Dumas

1870-12-05 Alexandre Dumas, French writer (The Three Musketeers, The Count of Monte Cristo), dies at 68

  • 1871-01-10 Pierre A du Terrail, French writer, dies at 41
  • 1871-05-12 Daniel-Francois-Esprit Auber, French opera composer, dies at 89
  • 1872-08-19 Eugene-Prosper Prevost, French composer, dies at 63
  • 1872-10-21 Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1872-10-23 Théophile Gautier, French writer, historian and poet (Albertus, La Chanson de Roland, Émaux et camées), dies at 61
  • 1873-01-09 Napoleon III, Emperor of France (1852-70), dies at 64
  • 1873-03-05 Marie-Alexis Castillon de Saint-Victor, French composer, dies at 34
  • 1873-03-20 Adolphe Fétis, Belgian-French pianist and composer, dies at 52
  • 1873-03-27 Amedée Simon Dominique Thierry, French journalist and historian (b. 1797)
  • 1873-03-30 Benedict Augustin Morel, Austrian-French psychologist (dementia praecox), dies at 63
  • 1873-05-20 Sir George-Étienne Cartier, French-Canadian statesman (b. 1814)
  • 1873-09-23 Jean Chacornac, French astronomer, dies at 50
  • 1873-09-28 Emile Gaboriau, French writer (father of the French detective novels), dies at 37
  • 1873-10-29 Ernest Feydeau, French author, dies at 52
  • 1873-12-21 Francis Garnier, French explorer, dies at 34
  • 1874-01-08 Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian, dies at 59
  • 1874-02-09 Jules Michelet, French historian (History of France), dies at 75