French History (Part 13)

Historical Events

Events 1201 - 1,300 of 2,319

  • 1914-08-07 French government awards King Albert of Belgium the Great Cross
  • 1914-08-07 French troops under Gen Bonneau occupy Altkitrch at Elzas
  • 1914-08-08 French troops under Gen Bonneau occupy Mulhouse at Elzas
  • 1914-08-10 WWI: French fall back at Alsace
  • 1914-08-12 France and Great Britain declare war on Austria-Hungary
  • 1914-08-14 British field marshal John French & Gen Wilson land in France
  • 1914-08-17 French troops under gen de Castelnau occupy Chateau Salins
  • 1914-08-18 French troops under general Dubail occupy Sarrebourg
  • 1914-08-20 Battle at Morhange: German troops chase French, killing thousands
  • 1914-08-20 Bavarian troops kill 50 inhabitants of Nomeny, France
  • 1914-08-21 French offensive in the Ardennen/Sambre
  • 1914-08-22 Battle at Charleroi begins: Gen von Bulows troops beat French
  • 1914-08-25 German troops march into France and push French army to the Sedan
  • 1914-08-28 British General John French evacuate Amiens
  • 1914-08-29 Battle of St Quentin: French counter attack under General Lanrezac
  • 1914-09-02 -3] Gen von Hausen & countess of France regime flees to Bordeaux

  • 1914-09-03 French troops vacate Rheims
  • 1914-09-04 General von Moltke ceases German advance in France
  • 1914-09-04 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace
  • 1914-09-05 French headquarters move to Chatillon-sur-Seine
  • 1914-09-05 Great Britain, France, Belgium and Russia sign pact of London

Battle of InterestFirst Battle of the Marne

1914-09-06 World War I: First Battle of the Marne begins, French and British forces prevent German advance on Paris (till the 12th Sept)

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French forces at the First Battle of the Marne
French forces at the First Battle of the Marne
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  • 1914-09-15 First Battle of Aisne finishes, Germans vs. French & British during WW I
  • 1914-09-18 Battle of Aisne ends with Germans beating French during WW I
  • 1914-10-04 Dardanelles: French & British fleet bombards Turkish forts
  • 1914-10-31 Great Britain & France declare war on Turkey
  • 1914-12-10 French government returns to Paris

BattleBattle of Interest

1914-12-16 French offensive in Artois, Northern France led by Philippe Pétain

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • 1915-02-13 The French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region
  • 1915-02-28 WWI: After the French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region, they gain a few hundred yards - at the cost of 50,000 casualties
  • 1915-03-18 French battleship Bouvet explodes, 640 killed
  • 1915-04-05 French begin Woëvre-offensive
  • 1915-04-18 French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
  • 1915-04-26 Italy secretly signs the "Treaty of London" with Britain, France and Russia, bringing Italy into World War I on the Allied side
  • 1915-05-09 German & French fight Battle of Artois
  • 1915-06-10 British/French troops conquer German colony of Cameroon

  • 1915-10-19 US bankers arrange a $500 million loan to the British and French

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1915-10-29 Aristide Briand becomes Prime Minister of France for the 3rd time

11x Prime Minister of France Aristide Briand
11x Prime Minister of France
Aristide Briand
  • 1915-12-03 General Joseph Joffre becomes Commander-in-Chief of the French Armies
  • 1915-12-12 Aristide Briand forms French war government
  • 1916-01-11 Austrian forces capture Mount Lovćen, Serbia. Serbian army retreats, evacuating to Greek island of Corfu
  • 1916-01-28 German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain & France
  • 1916-02-08 French cruiser "Admiral Charner" torpedoed off Syrian coast, kills 374
  • 1916-02-26 Germans sink French transport ship Provence II, killing 930
  • 1916-03-12 French airship mistakenly attacks and sinks British submarine D3 with loss of all hands
  • 1916-03-24 German submarines torpedo the unarmed French cross-channel packet 'Sussex'
  • 1916-04-05 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1916-04-18 Edith Wharton is appointed Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, France’s highest award, for her contribution to the war effort

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton
  • 1916-04-22 France battles at Fort Douaumont
  • 1916-05-09 British-France Sykes-Picot conference over division of Turkey
  • 1916-05-22 Battle of Verdun: French troops assault Fort Douaumont but fail to recapture it after hours of dogged fighting
  • 1916-05-24 French driven out of Fort Douaumont after 500 killed or injured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916-09-17 WWI flying ace The Red Baron of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916-10-19 France extends formal recognition of the Provisional Government in Crete proclaimed Eleftherios Venizelos

Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos
Greek Prime Minister
Eleftherios Venizelos
  • 1916-11-02 Battle of Verdun: Fort Vaux reconquered from Germans by French troops without firing a shot
  • 1916-12-13 French chief of staff Joffre replaced by Nivelle

  • 1916-12-15 Battle of Verdun: French launch major offensive against German lines after a six-day artillery bombardment
  • 1916-12-26 Joseph Joffre becomes marshal of France
  • 1917-04-09 Vimy Ridge in France stormed by Canadian troops
  • 1917-05-05 Eugene Bullard gains his pilot's license from Aéro-Club de France and becomes the 1st African-American military pilot (French Air Service)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917-05-18 First units of the American Expeditionary Force, commanded by General John J. Pershing, is ordered to France

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing
  • 1917-06-26 1st US troops arrive in France during World War I
  • 1917-08-09 Canadian Parliament passes the Compulsory Military Act which is opposed by many French-Canadians from Québec
  • 1917-09-06 French pilot Georges Guynemer shoots down 54th German aircraft
  • 1917-09-20 British assault on Polygon Forest, France
  • 1917-09-26 British assault on Menin-street, France
  • 1917-10-04 British assault on Broodseinde, France
  • 1917-10-21 1st Americans to see action on front lines of WWI: US troops enter front lines at Sommervillier under French command
  • 1917-12-06 French munition ship "Mont Blanc" explodes in Halifax, Canada killing 1,700

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917-12-07 The USA's 42nd 'Rainbow' Division arrives in France (with Colonel Douglass MacArthur among its ranks)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1917-12-12 French troop train derails in French Alps killing 543

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1918-04-15 Georges Clémenceau publishes secret French/Austrian documents

Prime Minister of France Georges Clémenceau
Prime Minister of France
Georges Clémenceau
  • 1918-04-21 World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron", shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill
  • 1918-06-04 French troops, with the aid of US troops, stop the Germans at Chateau-Thierry as they attempt to cross the Marne
  • 1918-06-12 1st aerial bombing raid by an American unit, France
  • 1918-07-18 World War I: US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive

  • 1918-07-19 World War I: German armies retreat across Marne River in France
  • 1918-08-06 Ferdinand Foch becomes Marshal of France during WWI
  • 1918-11-06 WWI: On the Western Front, Germany is now retreating as French and American troops cross the Meuse and move to take Sedan
  • 1918-11-13 Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1918-12-04 US President Woodrow Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1918-12-09 French troops occupies Mainz
  • 1918-12-26 After spending Christmas with American troops in France, Wilson goes to London for preliminary discussions about the forthcoming peace conference
  • 1919-01-30 Reds hire Pat Moran as manager as Christy Mathewson, is still in France with US Army
  • 1919-02-20 French Prime Minister Georges Clémenceau injured during assassination attempt
  • 1919-04-19 French assembly decides on 8 hour work day
  • 1919-05-06 Paris Peace Conference disposes of German colonies; German East Africa is assigned to Britain and France, German South West Africa to South Africa
  • 1919-06-09 General steel strike in France
  • 1919-06-28 Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France
  • 1920-01-11 French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
  • 1920-01-17 Paul Deschanel elected President of France
  • 1920-01-19 Alexandre Millerand forms French government
  • 1920-02-02 France occupies (German) Memel territory
  • 1920-03-11 Syria proclaims Emir Feisal king after the country has fought off French domination
  • 1920-04-06 To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • 1920-09-01 France creates Greater Lebanon
  • 1920-09-23 Alexander Millerand elected president of France
  • 1920-10-02 The Chinese sign an agreement with the Russo-Asiatic Bank, largely French and Russian controlled, which will oversee the Chinese Eastern Railway, but give local supervision to China
  • 1921-01-30 French rapist-murderer Henri-Desire Landru sentenced to death
  • 1921-06-15 Bessie Coleman reaches France as US 1st black pilot

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1201 - 1,300 of 2,973

  • 1842-02-07 Alexandre Ribot, French statesman (d. 1923)
  • 1842-02-26 Camille Flammarion, French astronomer, Mars researcher and popularizer of astronomy, born in Montigny-le-Roi, Haute-Marne, France (d. 1925)
  • 1842-03-18 Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
  • 1842-04-04 Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (Lucas sequences), born in Amiens, France (d. 1891)
  • 1842-04-17 Maurice Rouvier, French statesman and Prime Minister of France (1905–06), born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1911)
  • 1842-04-28 Gaston of Orleans, Count of Eu, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France (d. 1922)

Person of interestJules Massenet

1842-05-12 Jules Massenet, French composer (Manon, Le Cid), born in Montaud, France (d. 1912)

Composer Jules Massenet
Jules Massenet
  • 1842-08-30 Victor Alphonse Duvernoy, French pianist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1842-10-01 Charles Cros, French inventor and poet (Le Hareng Saur), born in Fabrezan, France (d. 1888)
  • 1842-11-22 José Maria de Heredia, Cuban-French sonnet poet (Les Trophées), born in La Fortuna, Cuba (d. 1905)
  • 1843-01-20 Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid, Constantinople, London)
  • 1843-02-22 Affonso de Escragnolle Taunay, France/Brazil writer (Inocencia)
  • 1843-05-21 Louis Renault, French lawyer, born in Autun, France (d. 1918)
  • 1843-09-27 Gaston Tarry, French mathematician, born in Villefranche de Rouergue, Aveyron, France (d. 1913)
  • 1843-10-21 Mark M Antokolski, Russian/French sculptor (Peter the Great)
  • 1843-10-30 Henri Regnault, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1871)
  • 1844-02-21 Charles-Marie Widor, French organist (Saint-Sulpice, 1870-1933), composer (10 organ symphonies), and professor (American Conservatory at Fontainebleau, 1921-34), born in Lyon, France (d. 1937)
  • 1844-03-30 Paul M Verlaine, French lyric poet (Sagesse Bonbeur)
  • 1844-04-16 Anatole France [Jacques Anatole Thibault], French writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921), born in Paris (d. 1924)
  • 1844-05-03 Édouard Drumont, French anti-semitic journalist, born in Paris (d. 1917)
  • 1844-05-21 Henri Rousseau, French post-impressionist painter (The Dream, The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope), born in Laval, France (d. 1910)
  • 1844-08-07 Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist and petrologist, born in Paris (d. 1911)

Person of interestSarah Bernhardt

1844-10-22 Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (Camille, Queen Elizabeth), born in Paris, France (d. 1923) (birth poss 23rd Oct)

Stage and Film Actress Sarah Bernhardt
Stage and Film Actress
Sarah Bernhardt
  • 1844-11-12 Octave Fouqué, French pianist and composer, born in Pau (d. 1883)
  • 1845-01-13 Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer (d. 1896)
  • 1845-01-22 Paul Vidal de la Blanche, French geographer
  • 1845-04-05 Jules Cambon, French ambassador, to U.S. (1897), Spain (1902–07) and Germany (1907–14), born in Paris (d. 1935)
  • 1845-05-12 Gabriel Fauré, French organist, composer (Requiem; Ballade), and educator (Paris Conservatoire, 1905-20), born in Pamiers, France (d. 1924)
  • 1845-06-18 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1922)
  • 1845-07-18 Tristan Corbière, French poet, born in Morlaix, Brittany, France (d. 1875)
  • 1845-08-16 Gabriel Lippmann, French physicist and inventor, born in Bonnevoie, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg (d. 1921)
  • 1846-04-04 Comte de Lautréamont, French writer (Les Chants de Maldoror), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1870)
  • 1846-05-26 Arthur Coquard, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1910)
  • 1846-07-11 Léon Bloy, French novelist and essayist, born in Périgueux, France (d. 1917)
  • 1846-08-25 Judith Gautier, French poetess, novelist (Le Dragon Impérial) and daughter of Theophile Gautier, born in Paris (d. 1917)
  • 1846-12-02 Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau, French politician (29th Prime Minister of France), born in Nantes, France (d. 1904)
  • 1847-04-01 Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer (South America)
  • 1847-07-02 Marcel Bertrand, French geologist and mine engineer (tectonic geology), born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1847-11-02 Georges Sorel, French philosopher and theorist of Sorelianism, born in Cherbourg, France (d. 1922)
  • 1847-11-08 Jean Casimir-Périer, French politician (President of France 1894-95), born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1847-12-17 Émile Faguet, French writer and critic (d. 1916)
  • 1848-01-21 Henri Duparc, French composer
  • 1848-02-05 Joris-Karl Huysmans, French writer (Against the Grain)
  • 1848-02-14 Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer, born in Chalon-sur-Saône, France (d. 1934)

Person of interestPaul Gauguin

1848-06-07 Paul Gauguin [Eugene Henri], French post-impressionist painter who worked in French Polynesia, born in Paris (d. 1903)

Painter and Sculptor Paul Gauguin
Painter and Sculptor
Paul Gauguin
  • 1848-07-31 Jean Robert Planquette, French composer (Bells of Corneville), born in Paris (d. 1903)
  • 1848-08-19 Gustave Caillebotte, French painter (Rue de Paris) and member of Impressionists, born in Paris (d. 1894)
  • 1848-10-03 Henry Lerolle, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1929)
  • 1849-01-12 Jean Béraud, French painter (d. 1935)
  • 1849-02-04 Jean Richepin, French poet/writer (Les Chansons de Gueux)
  • 1849-03-28 James Darmesteter, French author and antiquarian (translations of the Avesta, the sacred scripture of Zoroastrianism), born in Château-Salins, France (d. 1894)
  • 1849-04-24 Joseph Gallieni, French general (Battle of Marne) and military governor of Paris, born in Saint-Béat, France (d. 1916)
  • 1849-06-02 Paul-Albert Besnard, French painter and graphic artist (La femme), born in Paris, France (d. 1909)
  • 1849-07-19 François Victor Alphonse Aulard, French historian, born in Montbron, France (d. 1928)
  • 1849-07-19 Ferdinand Brunetière, French writer and critic, born in Toulon, Var, France (d. 1906)
  • 1850-01-14 Pierre Loti, French naval officer & novelist, born in Rochefort, France (d. 1923)
  • 1850-02-16 Octave Mirbeau, French writer (Journal of a Lady's Maid)
  • 1850-03-09 Alexandre Luigini, French composer (Ballet égyptien), born in Lyon, France (d. 1906)
  • 1850-04-20 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor (Minute Man), born in Exeter, New Hampshire (d. 1931)

Person of interestGuy de Maupassant

1850-08-05 Guy de Maupassant, French author (Boule de Suif), born in Château de Miromesnil, France (d. 1893)

  • 1850-08-26 Charles Richet, French physiologist (anaphylaxis-Nobel 1913)
  • 1850-10-08 Henri Louis le Chatelier, French chemist, born in Paris (d. 1936)

Person of interestVincent d'Indy

1851-03-27 Vincent d'Indy, French composer (Symphony on a French Mountain Air), and teacher, born in Paris (d. 1931)

Composer Vincent d'Indy
Vincent d'Indy
  • 1851-04-06 Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (d. 1932)
  • 1851-04-21 Charles Barrois, French geologist and palaeontologist, born in Lille, France (d. 1939)
  • 1851-05-21 Léon Bourgeois, French politician, French Prime Minister (1895-96, Nobel 1920), born in Paris, France (d. 1925)
  • 1851-06-08 Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval, French physicist and inventor of the moving-coil D'Arsonval galvanometer, born in La Porcherie, France (d. 1940)
  • 1851-06-09 Charles Joseph Bonaparte, American Lawyer and political activist (US Attorney General (1906-9), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1921)
  • 1851-10-02 Ferdinand Foch, French Allied military commander and marshal of France during WW I, born in Tarbes, France (d. 1929)
  • 1851-11-05 Charles Dupuy, 3 times Prime Minister of France, born in Le Puy-en-Velay, France (d. 1923)
  • 1852-01-01 Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist (d. 1904)
  • 1852-01-12 Joseph J C Joffre, French fieldmarshal (Indo China, Marne)
  • 1852-01-26 Pierre Brazza, explorer/colonial administrator (French Africa)
  • 1852-03-01 Theophile Delcasse, French statesman
  • 1852-09-02 Paul Bourget, French novelist and critic (d. 1935)
  • 1852-09-28 John [Denton Pinkstone] French, 1st Earl of Ypres and British WWI field marshal, born in Ripple, Kent, England (d. 1925)

Person of interestHenri Moissan

1852-09-28 Henri Moissan, French chemist who isolated the element "fluorine" from its compounds (Nobel 1906), born in Paris (d. 1907)

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Henri Moissan
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Moissan
  • 1852-10-23 Jean-Louis Forain, French etcher/lithographer
  • 1852-11-22 Paul Henri Balluet d'Estournelles de Constant, French diplomat and pacifist (Nobel 1909), born in La Flèche, France (d. 1924)

Person of interestHenri Becquerel

1852-12-15 Henri Becquerel, French physicist who discovered radioactivity (Nobel 1903), born in Paris, France (d. 1908)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Becquerel

Person of interestAndré Michelin

1853-01-16 Andre Michelin, French industrialist, tire manufacturer (Michelin) and publisher of the Michelin Guide, born in Paris (d. 1931)

Industrialist and Publisher André Michelin
Industrialist and Publisher
André Michelin
  • 1853-04-22 Alphonse Bertillon, French police officer and anthropologist (devised crime ID system), born in Paris (d. 1914)
  • 1853-04-27 Jules Lemaître, French critic and dramatist, born in Vennecy, Loiret, France (d. 1914)
  • 1853-05-21 Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac, French politician (d. 1905)
  • 1853-07-07 Albert Vandal, French earl/historian (Le Pacha Bonneval)
  • 1853-09-23 Marcel Planiol, French private law scholar
  • 1853-12-17 Émile Roux, French physician (d. 1933)
  • 1853-12-26 René Bazin, French novelist (d. 1932)
  • 1854-04-29 Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (Poincaré conjecture), born in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France (d. 1912)
  • 1854-08-03 Fernand de La Tombelle, French organist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1928)
  • 1854-10-20 Alphonse Allais, French author/humorist (Pass the Bile)

Person of interestArthur Rimbaud

1854-10-20 Arthur Rimbaud, French poet and adventurer (Illuminations), born in Charleville, France (d. 1891)

  • 1854-11-05 Paul Sabatier, French chemist (Nobel 1912 - improving the hydrogenation of organic species in the presence of metals), born in Carcassonne, France (d. 1941)
  • 1854-11-17 Louis HG Lyautey, French minister of Defense (1916-17)
  • 1855-02-13 Paul Deschanel, French President (d. 1922)
  • 1855-11-05 Léon Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (stratosphere), born in Paris (d. 1913)
  • 1856-03-04 Toru Dutt, English and French poet and author (d. 1877)
  • 1856-03-16 Napoléon IV, Prince Imperial, Head of the House of Bonaparte (1873-79), born in Paris, French Empire (d. 1879)

Person of interestPhilippe Pétain

1856-04-24 Philippe Pétain, French marshal and Chief of the French State (1940-44), born in Cauchy-à-la-Tour, France (d. 1951)

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • 1856-05-20 Henri E Cross [Delacroix], French painter

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1201 - 1,300 of 2,513

  • 1875-01-03 Pierre Larousse, French editor (b. 1817)
  • 1875-01-20 Jean-François Millet, French painter (b. 1814)
  • 1875-02-19 Jean B Vuillaume, French violin maker (octobas), dies at 76
  • 1875-02-22 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, French painter, dies at 78
  • 1875-03-01 Tristan Corbière, French poet, dies at 29
  • 1875-03-27 Edgar Quinet, French historian (b. 1803)
  • 1875-04-30 Jean Frederic Waldeck, French explorer, lithographer, and cartographer (b. 1766)

Person of interestGeorges Bizet

1875-06-03 Georges Bizet, French composer (Carmen), dies of a heart attack at 36

Composer Georges Bizet
Georges Bizet
  • 1875-06-09 Gérard Paul Deshayes, French geologist (b. 1795)
  • 1875-06-25 Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor, dies at 78
  • 1875-10-12 Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (b. 1827)
  • 1876-03-05 Marie d'Agoult [pen name Daniel Stern], French author and mother of composer Franz Liszt's children, dies at 70
  • 1876-05-12 Henri-François-Alphonse Esquiros, French poet and writer (Evangile du peuple), dies at 63
  • 1876-06-08 George Sand [Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dudevant], French author (Indiana, Consuelo), dies at 71
  • 1876-10-10 Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (b. 1814)
  • 1877-03-31 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), dies at 75
  • 1877-09-03 Adolphe Thiers, French statesman, 1st president of 3rd French Republic (1871-77), dies at 80
  • 1877-10-16 Theodore Barrière, French dramatist (b. 1823)
  • 1877-12-31 Gustave Courbet, French realist painter (Demoiselles the la Seine), dies at 58
  • 1878-01-07 François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (b. 1794)
  • 1878-01-18 Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist who pioneered the study of electric and luminescent phenomena, dies at 89
  • 1878-01-19 Henri V. Regnault, French physicist and chemist, dies at 67
  • 1878-02-10 Claude Bernard, French physiologist involved in the founding of modern physiology (blind experiments), dies at 64
  • 1878-02-19 Charles-François Daubigny, French painter of the Barbizon school, dies at 61
  • 1878-07-02 François Bazin, French composer, dies at 61
  • 1879-03-30 Thomas Couture, French painter/author, dies at 63
  • 1879-04-16 Bernadette Soubirous, French saint (saw Virgin Mary at Lourdes), dies from tuberculosis at 35 in Nevers, France
  • 1879-09-17 Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (b. 1814)
  • 1879-10-28 Marie Roch Louis Reybaud, French writer (b. 1799)
  • 1880-05-08 Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (Madame Bovary), dies at 58
  • 1880-05-31 Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés, French chemist and inventor of margarine, dies at 62
  • 1880-07-09 Paul Broca, French brain surgeon and anthropologist (located speech center), dies at 56
  • 1880-11-24 Napoléon Henri Reber, French composer, dies at 73
  • 1880-12-12 Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), dies at 83
  • 1881-01-01 Louis Auguste Blanqui, French political activist, dies at 75

Person of interestThomas Carlyle

1881-02-05 Thomas Carlyle, Scottish historian and essayist (The French Revolution), dies in London at 85

Historian and Essayist Thomas Carlyle
Historian and Essayist
Thomas Carlyle
  • 1881-03-24 Joseph Delesse, French geologist (b. 1817)
  • 1881-06-02 Émile Littré, French lexicographer (b. 1801)
  • 1881-06-28 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (Prime Minister of France 1871-73), dies at 82
  • 1882-04-08 Jules Quicherat, French historian and archaeologist, dies at 67
  • 1882-05-13 Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer, murdered at 35
  • 1882-06-11 Louis Désiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate, dies at 77
  • 1882-06-25 François Jouffroy, French sculptor (b. 1806)
  • 1882-09-08 Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (surface of Liouville), dies
  • 1882-10-13 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (b. 1816)
  • 1882-12-31 Leon Michel Gambetta, French attorney and 37th Prime Minister of France (1881-82), dies at 44
  • 1883-01-04 Antoine Eugène Alfred Chanzy, French general (b. 1823)
  • 1883-01-23 Gustave Doré, French artist, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1832)
  • 1883-02-17 Napoléon Coste, French guitarist and composer, dies at 76

Person of interestEdouard Manet

1883-04-30 Édouard Manet, French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass) dies at 51

Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet
  • 1883-06-20 Gustave Aimard, French world explorer and writer (Grande Filbuste), dies at 64
  • 1883-12-13 Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (b. 1812)
  • 1884-01-21 Auguste Franchomme, French cellist and composer, dies at 75
  • 1884-09-30 Louis Lacombe, French pianist and composer, dies at 65
  • 1885-01-16 Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (Le Roi des montagnes), dies at 56
  • 1885-02-14 Jules Vallès, French writer (b. 1832)

Person of interestVictor Hugo

1885-05-22 Victor Hugo, French author (Hunchback of Notre Dame, Les Miserables), dies at 83

Author Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo
  • 1886-01-04 Ernest Panckoucke, French publisher (Horace), dies at 77
  • 1886-11-11 Paul Bert, Auxerre, French Zoologist, Physiologist and pioneer of aerospace medicine whose study of the effects of air pressure on the body made possible space and ocean exploration, dies of dysentery at 53
  • 1887-05-11 Jean Baptiste Boussingault, French chemist, dies at 85
  • 1887-08-20 Jules Laforgue, French poet (Les Complaintas), dies at 27
  • 1888-01-23 Eugène Marin Labiche, French playwright (The Italian Straw Hat), dies at 72
  • 1888-02-22 Jean-Delphin Alard, French violinist and composer, dies at 72
  • 1888-03-16 Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman, dies at 86
  • 1888-08-09 Charles Cros, French inventor and poet (Le Hareng Saur), dies at 45
  • 1889-01-23 Alexandre Cabanel, French painter (Birth of Venus), dies at 65
  • 1889-04-09 Michel Eugène Chevreul, French chemist (b. 1786)
  • 1889-04-23 Jules-Amédée Barbey d’Aurevilly, French writer and critic, dies at 80
  • 1889-08-19 Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, French writer (Contes cruels), dies at 60
  • 1889-09-29 Louis Faidherbe, French general (b. 1818)
  • 1889-10-24 Loisa Puget, French composer, dies at 79
  • 1890-04-04 Edmond Hébert, French geologist, dies at 77
  • 1890-06-20 Theodore Lajarte, French writer on music and composer, dies at 63
  • 1890-08-02 Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (works characterized by a deep sense of pessimism), dies at 76
  • 1890-09-03 Charles-A Chatrian, French writer (Waterloo), dies at 63
  • 1890-09-16 Louis Le Prince, French artist and original inventor of the motion picture camera sometimes called "the father of cinematography," vanishes under suspicious circumstances at 49
  • 1890-10-17 Prosper Philippe Catherine Sainton, French composer, dies at 77
  • 1891-01-11 Georges-Eugene, Baron Haussmann, French administrator and architect, dies at 81
  • 1891-01-16 Clement Léo Delibes, French romantic composer (Coppélia, Sylvia, Le roi l'a dit, Lakmé), dies at 54
  • 1891-01-31 Ernest Meissonier, French painter/etcher/sculptor, dies at 75
  • 1891-02-09 Johan B Jongkind, Dutch/French painter (Winter View), dies at 71
  • 1891-03-15 Théodore de Banville, French writer, dies at 67

Person of interestGeorges Seurat

1891-03-29 Georges Seurat, French post-impressionist painter (Pointillism), dies at 31

Post-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat
Post-Impressionist Painter
Georges Seurat
  • 1891-05-11 Edmond Becquerel, French physicist who studied the solar spectrum, magnetism, electricity and optics (photovoltaic effect), dies at 71
  • 1891-05-23 Ignace Leybach, French pianist and composer, dies at 73
  • 1891-07-31 Jean-Baptist Capronnier, French-Belgian glass painter, dies at 77
  • 1891-08-05 Henry Litolff, French composer and pianist, dies at 73
  • 1891-09-09 Jules Grévy, 2nd President of the French Third Republic, dies at 84
  • 1891-09-30 Georges Boulanger, French general and politician, dies at 54
  • 1891-10-03 Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (Lucas sequences), dies at 49

Person of interestArthur Rimbaud

1891-11-10 Arthur Rimbaud, French poet and arms merchant (Saison en Enfer), dies of a bone cancer at 37

  • 1891-12-06 Émile Bayard, French artist and illustrator, dies at 54

Person of interestLouis Vuitton

1892-02-27 Louis Vuitton, French founder of the Louis Vuitton brand of leather goods now owned by LVMH, dies at 70

Luggage Maker Louis Vuitton
Luggage Maker
Louis Vuitton
  • 1892-04-25 Henri Duveyrier, French explorer (b. 1840)
  • 1892-06-22 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (b. 1819)
  • 1892-09-11 Charles-Louis-Adolphe Vogel, French composer (Les trois couleurs), dies at 84
  • 1892-11-26 Charles Lavigerie, French Catholic cardinal, dies at 67
  • 1893-03-05 Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher and historian (Voyage in Italy), dies at 64
  • 1893-03-17 Jules Ferry, French statesman, dies at 60

Person of interestGuy de Maupassant

1893-07-06 Guy de Maupassant, French author (Boule de Suif), dies four days after trying to commit suicide by cutting his throat at 42