French History (Part 17)

Historical Events

Events 1601 - 1,700 of 2,328


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-12-19 War breaks out in Indochina as Ho Chi Minh attacks French in Hanoi

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947-02-12 French fashion designer Christian Dior presents his first influential collection, named the "New Look"

Fashion Designer Christian Dior
Fashion Designer
Christian Dior
  • 1947-02-27 French explorer Paul-Emile Victor founds French Polar Expeditions to oversee French scientific missions
  • 1947-04-16 -17] Explosions & fire on French ship Grandcamp
  • 1947-04-19 French ship explodes in Texas City harbor, kills about 522
  • 1947-07-02 Military coup discovered in France
  • 1947-10-19 De Gaulles RPF wins French municipal elections
  • 1947-11-23 French government of Schumann forms
  • 1948-03-18 France & Great Britain & Benelux sign Treaty of Brussels
  • 1948-06-12 "William Tell" French opera by Gioachino Rossini premieres in Salle Le Peletier, Paris
  • 1948-07-19 French government of Schuman resigns
  • 1948-08-04 The women's shot put introduced to track & field program at the London Olympics; inaugural gold medallist Micheline Ostermeyer of France who also won the women's discus gold
  • 1948-08-06 17 year old American Bob Mathias scores 7,139 points to edge out Ignace Heinrich of France by just 165 in the decathlon at the London Olympics

  • 1948-08-13 The United States successfully defends its Olympic basketball title with a 65-21 win over France at the London Games
  • 1948-08-13 José Beyaert of France wins the cycling road race at the London Olympics; Belgium takes gold in the teams section beating Great Britain & France
  • 1948-09-05 In France, Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council while being Foreign minister, As such, he is the negotiator of the major treaties of the end of World War II.
  • 1949-05-23 Federal Republic of [West] Germany created out of the American, British and French occupation zones

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949-06-14 French-allied State of Vietnam is officially formed during the First Indochina War, Bảo Đại installed as Emperor

Emperor of Vietnam Bảo Đại
Emperor of Vietnam
Bảo Đại
  • 1949-07-19 Laos becomes associated state within French Union
  • 1949-10-28 Georges Bidault elected president of France
  • 1950-01-01 Ho Chi Minh begins offensive against French troops in Indo China
  • 1950-02-07 Georges Bidault forms French government
  • 1950-05-09 French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman calls for European community EGKS
  • 1950-06-03 French expedition reaches top of Himalayan peak of Annapurna in Nepal
  • 1950-06-12 2 Air France DC-4s crash near Bahrain, about 100 die
  • 1950-06-24 French government led by prime Minister Georges Bidault resigns
  • 1950-07-02 Henri Queuille is elected the seventh Prime Minister of the Fourth French Republic
  • 1950-07-13 René Pleven forms French government
  • 1950-07-19 French/Vietnamese offensive against Viet Minh
  • 1950-09-09 Mass arrests of communists in France
  • 1950-09-16 Viet Minh offensive against French bases in Vietnam
  • 1950-10-05 "Pardon Our French" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 100 performances
  • 1950-11-07 French women & children leaves Hanoi/Tonkin-delta

  • 1950-12-30 Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia become Independent states within the French Union
  • 1951-01-06 "Pardon Our French" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 100 performances
  • 1951-02-28 French government of Pleven dissolves
  • 1951-03-23 Wages in France increase 11%
  • 1951-04-18 France, West Germany & Benelux form European Steel & Coal Community
  • 1951-05-15 Polish cultural attache in Paris, Czesław Miłosz, asks the French government for political asylum

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1951-06-18 Charles de Gaulle wins French parliamentary election

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951-09-11 Florence Chadwick becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel from England to France. It takes 16 hours & 19 minutes

  • 1951-10-31 French Second Chamber accepts the Schuman Plan
  • 1951-11-29 1st underground atomic explosion at Frenchman Flat in Nevada
  • 1952-01-07 French Plevin government falls
  • 1952-01-24 Fire in main building of French Port Martin Antarctic base
  • 1952-02-01 General strike against French colonial rule in Tunisia
  • 1952-02-19 French offensive at Hanoi
  • 1952-02-29 Ice Dance Championship at Paris France won by Westwood & Demmy of Great Britain
  • 1952-02-29 Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Jacqueline du Bief of France
  • 1952-03-08 Antoine Pinay forms French government
  • 1952-10-25 French president inaugurates Donzère-Mondragonstuw Dam
  • 1952-12-08 French troops shoot on demonstrators at Casablanca, 50 die
  • 1952-12-22 French government of Pinay, resigns
  • 1953-01-08 René Mayer forms French government
  • 1953-05-21 French government of Mayer resigns
  • 1953-05-25 1st atomic cannon electronically fired at Frenchman Flat, Nevada
  • 1953-06-27 Joseph Laniel appointed French premier
  • 1953-08-13 4-5 million French go on strike against economizations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953-09-03 French minister Francois Mitterrand, resigns due to colonial policy

21st President of France Francois Mitterrand
21st President of France
Francois Mitterrand
  • 1953-09-29 US government gives France $385 million for combat in Indo-China
  • 1953-10-22 Laos gains full independence from France
  • 1953-10-23 France grants Laos' sovereignty
  • 1953-11-06 French National Meeting grants Saarland more autonomy
  • 1953-11-09 Cambodia (aka Kampuchea) gains independence from France, within the French Union
  • 1953-11-30 French parachutist under Colonel De Castries attacks Dien Bien Phu
  • 1953-12-24 René Coty elected president of France
  • 1954-04-21 USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam
  • 1954-05-07 French surrender to Vietminh after 55-day siege at Dien Bien Phu
  • 1954-05-07 US, Great Britain & France reject Russian membership of NATO
  • 1954-06-04 France grants Vietnam independence inside French Union
  • 1954-06-18 Pierre Mendès forms French government
  • 1954-07-21 At Geneva, France agrees to independence of North & South Vietnam
  • 1954-08-11 Formal peace treaty ends over 7 yrs of fighting in Indochina between the French and the Communist Viet Minh
  • 1954-10-02 Former French possession of Chandernagore made part of West Bengal, India
  • 1954-10-10 Ho Chi Minh enters Hanoi after withdrawal of French troops
  • 1954-10-23 Britain, France & USSR agree to end occupation of Germany
  • 1954-10-31 Algerian Revolution against French begins
  • 1954-11-01 India takes over administration of 4 French Indian settlements
  • 1954-11-01 The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence against France.
  • 1954-11-13 1st Rugby League World Cup: Great Britain beats France 16-12
  • 1954-11-24 France sends 20,000 soldiers to Algeria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954-12-06 Simone de Beauvoir receives the Prix Goncourt prize in French literature

  • 1955-02-23 Edgar Faure forms French government
  • 1955-04-24 Gaullists lose elections in France
  • 1955-05-07 USSR signs peace treaty with France & Great Britain
  • 1955-05-15 Vienna Treaty: Britain, France, US & USSR restore Austria's independence
  • 1955-06-13 Mercedes racing car kills 77 at Le Mans, France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955-06-25 Notre Dame du Haut chapel designed by Le Corbusier is consecrated in Ronchamp, France

Architect and City Planner Le Corbusier
Architect and City Planner
Le Corbusier
  • 1955-07-28 The Union Mundial pro Interlingua is founded at the first Interlingua congress in Tours, France.
  • 1955-08-20 Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco & Algeria
  • 1956-01-02 Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections
  • 1956-01-31 French government of Guy Mollet forms
  • 1956-02-06 French Prime Minister Guy Mollet pelted with tomatoes in Algiers
  • 1956-03-02 Morocco tears up the Treaty of Fez, declaring independence from France
  • 1956-03-03 Morocco gains independence from France (Anniversary of throne)
  • 1956-03-20 Tunisia gains independence from France
  • 1956-03-27 French commandos land in Algeria

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1601 - 1,700 of 2,981


Person of interestMarcel Duchamp

1887-07-28 Marcel Duchamp, French sculptor and painter (Nude Descending a Staircase), born in Blainville-Crevon, France (d. 1968)

Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
  • 1887-09-16 Nadia Boulanger, French composer and conductor (1st woman to conduct Boston Symphony), born in Paris, France (d. 1979)
  • 1887-09-16 Jean Arp [Hans Arp], French-Swiss sculptor, artist and poet, born in Strassburg, Germany (d. 1966)
  • 1887-10-05 René Cassin, French jurist and judge (Nobel Peace Prize 1968), born in Bayonne, Basque Country, France (d. 1976)

Person of interestLe Corbusier

1887-10-06 Le Corbusier [Charles Jeanneret], Swiss French architect, city planner and artist (Urbanisme), born in La Chaux-de-Fonds (d. 1965))

Architect and City Planner Le Corbusier
Architect and City Planner
Le Corbusier
  • 1887-12-24 Louis Jouvet, French actor (Volpone, Topaze, La Marseillaise), born in Crozon, Finistère, France (d. 1951)
  • 1888-02-20 Georges Bernanos, French novelist (Diary of a Country Priest)
  • 1888-03-17 Paul Ramadier, French politician (d. 1961)
  • 1888-03-18 Joseph Csaky, Hungarian/French sculptor
  • 1888-04-23 Georges Vanier, French-Canadian soldier and 19th Governor General of Canada, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1967)
  • 1888-05-15 Jean Wahl, French philosopher
  • 1888-05-27 Louis Durey, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1979)
  • 1888-07-13 Jean Murat, French actor (Eternal Rain, Carnival Flanders), born in Périgueux, Dordogne, France (d. 1968)
  • 1888-07-26 Marcel Jouhandeau, French writer, born in Guéret, France (d. 1979)
  • 1888-08-05 Victor Francen, Belgian actor (J'Acusse, San Antonio), born in Tienen, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1977)
  • 1888-09-12 Maurice Chevalier, French actor and singer (Thank heaven for little girls), born in Paris (d. 1972)
  • 1888-10-06 Roland Garros, French pilot (d. 1918)
  • 1888-11-09 Jean Monnet, French political economist and diplomat, born in Cognac, France (d. 1979)
  • 1888-11-16 Henri Bosco, French author and poet (Gogol), born in Avignon, France (d. 1976)
  • 1888-12-16 Alphonse Juin, French marshal
  • 1889-02-23 Musidora [Jeanne Roques], French actress and director (Les vampires, Judex), born in Paris, France (d. 1957)
  • 1889-07-05 Jean Cocteau, French poet and writer (Les Enfants Terribles), born in Maisons-Laffitte, France (d. 1963)
  • 1889-09-13 Pierre Reverdy, French poet (Nord-Sud), born in Occitanie (d. 1960)
  • 1889-10-25 Abel Gance, French movie director (J'accuse), born in Paris (d. 1981)
  • 1889-11-26 Albert Dieudonné, French actor and novelist (Backbiters, Napoleon), born in Paris, France (d. 1976)
  • 1890-01-01 Alice Tissot, French actress (Italian Straw Hat), born in Paris, France (d. 1971)
  • 1890-02-02 Jean J M de Lattre de Tassigny, French gen (Indo-China)
  • 1890-04-06 Andre L Danjon, French astronomer
  • 1890-04-23 Marcel L'Herbier, French director and screenwriter (El Dorado), born in Paris (d. 1979)

Person of interestHo Chi Minh

1890-05-19 Ho Chi Minh [Nguyễn Sinh Cung], Vetnamese communist revolutionary and President of North Vietnam (1946-69), born in Nghệ An Province, French Indochina (d. 1969)

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1890-07-11 Georg Annenkov, Russian/French painter
  • 1890-07-14 Ossip Zadkine, [Zadkin], Russ/French sculptor (Destroyed City)
  • 1890-08-15 Jacques Ibert, French composer (Escales), born in Paris, France (d. 1962)
  • 1890-08-19 Yves Alix, French painter and graphic artist
  • 1890-10-29 Claire Goll, German-French writer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1977)

Person of interestCharles de Gaulle

1890-11-22 Charles de Gaulle, President of France (1958-69), born in Lille, France (d. 1970)

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1890-12-20 Yvonne Arnaud, French-born pianist, singer and actress (Yvonne Arnaud Theatre), born in Bordeaux, Gironde, Aquitaine, France (d. 1958)
  • 1891-01-22 Moise Kisling, Polish/French painter (La Souris Boiteuse)
  • 1891-02-12 Maurice Yvain, French operetta composer, born in Paris, France (d. 1965)
  • 1891-02-27 Georges E Migot, French composer
  • 1891-03-29 Ivan Goll, French-German writer (the Landless John), born in Saint-Dié (d. 1950)
  • 1891-04-02 Max Ernst, German-French surrealist painter and sculptor (founded surrealism), born in Brühl, German Empire (d. 1976)
  • 1891-04-19 Francoise Rosay [Françoise Bandy de Nalèche], French actress (Interlude, Women in Prison, Saraband), born in Paris, France (d. 1974)
  • 1891-08-22 Jacques Lipchitz, Polish-French-American painter and cubist sculptor, born in Druskininkai, Lithuania (d. 1973)
  • 1891-08-24 Germaine Loosveldt, Flemish actress (Kniertje in On hope), born in Halluin, France (d. 1960)
  • 1891-09-11 Noel Gallon, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1966)
  • 1891-11-17 Jean Del Val, [Gautier], French actor (Sainted Devil, Flying Deuces)
  • 1891-12-30 Antoine Pinay, French premier (1952)/minister of Foreign affairs
  • 1892-01-22 Marcel Dassault, [Bloch], French airplane builder
  • 1892-03-10 Arthur Honegger, Swiss composer (King David, Pacific 231), born in Le Havre, France (d. 1955)
  • 1892-03-16 Caesar Vallejo, Peruvian/French poet (Los Heraldos Negros)
  • 1892-04-19 Germaine Tailleferre, French composer (Le Marin du Bolivar), born in Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, Val-de-Marne, France (d. 1983)
  • 1892-04-27 Louis Victor de Broglie, French quantum physicist (studied electrons, Nobel Prize 1929), born in Dieppe, France (d. 1987)
  • 1892-06-27 Paul Colin, French poster designer, born in Nancy, France (d. 1985)
  • 1892-06-30 Pierre Blanchar, Algerian actor and director (Magnificent Sinner, Wooden Crosses,, Pastoral Symphony), born in Philippeville, Constantine, France (d. 1963)
  • 1892-07-26 Philipp Jarnach, French composer, born in Noisy-le-Sec, France (d. 1982)
  • 1892-07-31 Joseph Charbonneau, French-Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop of Montreal (1940-50), born in Lefaivre, Canada (d. 1959)
  • 1892-08-15 Louis de Broglie, French physicist (Nobel 1929), born in Dieppe, France (d. 1987)
  • 1892-08-21 Charles Vanel, French actor and director (Wages of Fear), born in Rennes, France (d. 1989)
  • 1892-09-04 Darius Milhaud, French composer (Maximilien), born in Marseille, France (d. 1974)
  • 1892-11-17 Max Deutsch, Austrian-French composer, born in Vienna (d. 1982)
  • 1892-11-23 Erté, French artist (d. 1990)
  • 1893-01-03 Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, French novelist/essayist (Gilles)
  • 1893-02-03 Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)
  • 1893-03-09 Hans Münch, Swiss conductor and composer, born in Mulhouse, France (d. 1983)
  • 1893-04-18 Violette Morris, French athlete and spy for Nazi Germany, born in Paris (d. 1944)
  • 1893-05-14 Louis Verneuil, French playwright (d. 1952)
  • 1893-08-21 Lili [Marie-Juliette Olga] Boulanger, French composer (first female winner of the Prix de Rome composition prize), born in Paris (d. 1918)
  • 1893-08-31 Lily Laskine, French harpist, born in Paris (d. 1988)
  • 1893-11-19 René Voisin, French classical trumpet player, born in Angers, France (d. 1952)
  • 1893-12-16 Vladimir Golschmann, conductor with Immortal Downbeat, born in Paris, France
  • 1894-01-12 Georges Carpentier, French boxer (world light heavyweight champion, 1st $1m gate v J Dempsey), born in Lievin, France (d. 1975)
  • 1894-04-23 George Renevant [Georges de Cheux], French actor (Moulin Rouge, Scotland Yard, Comrade X), born in Paris, France (d. 1969)
  • 1894-05-27 Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (Die Nacht), born in Courbevoie, Seine, France (d. 1961)
  • 1894-06-13 Jacques-Henri Lartigue, French photographer and painter, born in Courbevoie, France (d. 1986)
  • 1894-09-15 Jean Renoir, French film director (Madame Bovary, Nana, Grand Illusion) and actor (Rules of the Game), born in Paris (d. 1979)
  • 1894-10-30 Jean Rostand, French biologist and philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1977)
  • 1894-12-24 Georges Guynemer, French WW I pilot, born in Paris, France (d. 1917)
  • 1895-01-07 Marie-Dominique Chenu, French Roman Catholic theologist. born in Soisy-sur-Seine, Essonne (d. 1990)
  • 1895-02-28 Marcel Pagnol, French playwright/director (Marchands de Gloire)
  • 1895-03-30 Jean Giono, French writer (World Chant)
  • 1895-06-12 Eugénie Brazier, French chef who was the 1st woman to earn 3 Michelin stars (1933), and the 1st person earn 3 Michelin stars for 2 restaurants, born in La Tranclière, Ain, France (d. 1977)
  • 1895-07-25 Yvonne Printemps, French singer and actress (Paris Waltz, Voyage to America), born in Ermont, France (d. 1977)
  • 1895-09-24 André F. Cournand, French physician and physiologist (Nobel 1956), born in Paris (d. 1988)
  • 1895-10-09 Eugene Bullard, 1st African-American military pilot, flew for France in World War I as part of the French Foreign Legion, born in Columbus, Georgia (d. 1961)
  • 1895-11-07 Jacob Kaplan, French Grand Rabbi (1955-81), born in Paris (d. 1994)
  • 1895-12-14 Paul Éluard, French communist and poet, born in Saint-Denis, France (d. 1952)
  • 1896-02-08 Orville Caldwell, American actor (Patsy, French Doll, Last Warning), born in Oakland, California (d. 1967)

Person of interestAndré Breton

1896-02-18 André Breton, French writer and poet, founder of Surrealism, born in Tinchebray, France (d. 1966)

Writer and Surrealist André Breton
Writer and Surrealist
André Breton
  • 1896-02-20 Henri de Lubac sj, French theologist/anti-fascist
  • 1896-03-10 Harry Krimer, French actor ( Napoleon, Les vagabonds magnifiques, La course du flambeau), born in Paris, France (d. 1991)
  • 1896-04-04 Tristan Tzara [Samuel Rosenfeld] Romanian-French poet (Approximate Man), born in Moinești, Romania (d. 1963)
  • 1896-04-21 Henry de Montherlant, French novelist and stage author (La Reine Morte), born in Paris (d. 1972)
  • 1896-06-16 Jean Peugeot, French auto manufacturer (Peugeot)
  • 1896-07-27 Henri Longchambon, French politician, born in Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-de-Dôme, France (d. 1969)
  • 1896-08-31 Félix-Antoine Savard, French-Canadian priest and novelist, born in Quebec, Canada (d. 1982)
  • 1896-09-04 Antonin Artaud, French songwriter and director (Theatre Seraphin), born in Marseille, France (d. 1948)
  • 1896-09-16 André Chéron, French chess and bridge theorist (d. 1980)
  • 1896-09-25 Elsa Triolet [Ella Kagan], Russian-French writer and Resistance fighter, born in Moscow (d. 1970)
  • 1896-10-08 Julien Duvivier, French film director (La Bandera), born in Lille, France (d. 1967)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1601 - 1,700 of 2,523

  • 1936-01-07 Guy d'Hardelot [Helen Rhodes], French composer (Because), dies at 78
  • 1936-02-09 Jacques Bainville, French historian/essayist/journalist, dies at 57
  • 1936-02-28 Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1928), dies at 69
  • 1936-03-16 Marguerite Durand, French journalist and feminist (b. 1864)
  • 1936-04-02 Jean-Baptiste Eugène Estienne, French general (Father of The Tank), dies at 75
  • 1936-05-09 François Conrad Schlumberger, French physicist, dies at 57
  • 1936-06-12 Isidore Weiss, French world checker champion, dies
  • 1936-07-02 Harry Northrup [Henri N.], French-born American poet and actor (The Heart of Maryland, The Unchastened Woman), dies at 60
  • 1936-08-02 Louis Blériot, French aviator who made the first flight across the English Channel in a heavier than air aircraft, dies of a heart attack at 64
  • 1936-08-17 Pierre-Octave Ferroud, French composer (Surgery & Foules), dies at 36
  • 1936-08-22 Juliette Adam, French author (Salon/Nouvelle Revue) and feminist, dies at 99
  • 1936-09-05 Gustave Kahn, French Symbolist poet and art critic (b. 1859)
  • 1936-10-26 Bob Dellemijn, Lourdes-ganger/Franco-volunteer, dies in battle at 18
  • 1936-11-10 Louis Gustave Binger, French officer and explorer (b. 1856)
  • 1937-03-12 Charles-Marie Widor, French organist, composer and professor (Paris Conservatory), dies at 93
  • 1937-06-02 Louis Vierne, French organist and composer, dies at 66
  • 1937-06-18 Gaston Doumergue, 60th Prime Minister of France (1913-14 and 1934) and 1st protestant French President (1924-31), dies at 73
  • 1937-08-23 Albert Roussel, French composer (Rapsodie Flamende), dies at 68
  • 1937-09-02 Pierre de Coubertin, French educator and historian (founder International Olympic Committee), dies of heart attack at 74
  • 1937-09-21 Henri Capitant, French lawyer (Loi Falcidie), dies at 72
  • 1937-10-16 Jean de Brunhoff, French children's book author (Babar the Elephant), dies at 37
  • 1937-12-28 Maurice J Ravel, Swiss/French composer (Bolero), dies in Paris at 62
  • 1938-01-21 George Méliès, French early filmmaker (A Trip to the Moon), dies at 76
  • 1938-04-15 Caesar Vallejo, Peruvian-French poet (Trilce, Russia & 1931), dies at 46
  • 1938-12-14 Maurice Emmanuel, French composer & musicologist (Salamine), dies at 76
  • 1939-01-28 W. B. Yeats, Irish poet (Wild Swans at Coole-Nobel 1923), dies at 73
  • 1939-06-17 Eugene Weldman, the last person to be publicly guillotined in France, dies at 31. When asked if he had remorse for his victims he had killed, he replied, “Remorse, what for? I didn’t even know them”
  • 1940-05-23 Paul Nizan, French journalist/writer (Ce Soir/Aden Arabia), dies at 35
  • 1940-06-19 Maurice Jaubert, French composer and soldier, dies a few hours after being fatally wounded in action at 40
  • 1940-06-20 Jehan Alain, French organist/composer, dies in battle at 29
  • 1940-06-21 Édouard Vuillard, French painter and graphic artist, dies at 71
  • 1940-08-31 George Gauthier, French-Canadian Roman Catholic Bishop of Montreal and rector of the Université de Montréal, dies at 68
  • 1940-09-27 Walter Benjamin, German/French literature critic/writer, dies at 48
  • 1940-10-24 Pierre Weiss, French physicist (theory of ferromagnetism) dies at 75

Person of interestManuel Azaña

1940-11-04 Manuel Azaña, Prime Minister of Spain (1931-33) and 2nd President of the Spanish Republic (1936-39), dies of a heart attack at 60 while in exile in France

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • 1940-12-13 Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval, French physicist and inventor of the moving-coil D'Arsonval galvanometer, dies at 89
  • 1941-01-04 Henri Bergson, French philosopher (Le Rire, Nobel 1928), dies at 81
  • 1941-02-06 Maximilien Luce, French painter, dies at 82
  • 1941-07-08 Philippe Gaubert, French musician and composer, dies at 62
  • 1941-07-26 Marx Dormoy, French socialist, killed by a time bomb
  • 1941-07-26 Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (Lebesgue integration), dies at 66
  • 1941-08-29 Henri Louis, French officer/resistance fighter, executed at 40
  • 1941-08-29 Jan Louis Guillaume Doornik, Dutch resistance fighter in France, executed at 36
  • 1941-11-06 Maurice Leblanc, French novelist (b. 1864)
  • 1941-11-26 Ernest Lapointe, French-Canadian politician (b. 1876)
  • 1941-12-11 Charles Émile Picard, French mathematician, died at 85
  • 1942-01-05 Yves Paringaux, French chief of staff, murdered
  • 1942-01-06 Emma Calvé, French soprano (b. 1858)
  • 1942-03-30 Alfred Coville, French historian (Lesson premier Valois), dies at 81
  • 1942-04-17 Jean Perrin, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)
  • 1942-07-03 Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, French general during WWI, dies at 86
  • 1942-07-14 Neel [Cornelia H] Doff, Neth/French/Belgian painter's model, dies
  • 1942-09-05 François de Labouchère, French aviator of World War II, compagnon de la Libération. (b. 1917)

MurderFrançois Darlan

1942-12-24 François Darlan, French Admiral of the Fleet during WWII and Vichy Prime Minister (1941-42), assassinated at 61 in his headquarters in French North Africa by resistance fighter Fernand Bonnier de La Chapelle

Admiral and Prime Minister of Vichy France François Darlan
Admiral and Prime Minister of Vichy France
François Darlan
  • 1943-03-23 Andre Lichtenberger, French Sudan writer (Le Petit Roi), dies at 72
  • 1943-04-07 Alexandre Millerand, President of France (b. 1859)
  • 1943-07-08 Jean Moulin, French hero of the Résistance during World War II, executed at 44
  • 1943-08-24 Simone Weil, French philosopher and social activist (b. 1909)
  • 1943-11-19 André Antoine, French actor and stage manager (founded Théâtre-Libre), dies at 85
  • 1944-01-31 Jean Giraudoux, French writer and playwright (The Madwoman of Chaillot), dies at 61
  • 1944-02-04 Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress, dies at 79
  • 1944-03-05 Max Jacob, French poet and writer, dies in nazi concentration camp at 67
  • 1944-03-22 ... Pucheu, French Internal minister to Vichy, executed
  • 1944-04-13 Paul Hazard [Paul-Gustave-Marie-Camille Hazard], French critic & literature historian, dies at 65
  • 1944-04-26 Violette Morris, French athlete & spy for Nazi Germany, dies at 51
  • 1944-04-30 Paul Poiret, French couturier, the most fashionable dress designer of pre-World War I, dies at 65
  • 1944-06-10 French Duwaer, Dutch printer/resistance fighter, executed
  • 1944-06-16 Marc Bloch, French historian (executed) (b. 1886)
  • 1944-07-07 Georges Mandel [Louis Rothschild], French politician and resistance leader, is executed by the Milice at 59
  • 1944-07-31 Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer, poet and pioneering aviator (The Little Prince), dies during a reconnaissance mission at 44
  • 1944-10-20 Gabriel Groulez, French composer, dies at 65
  • 1944-10-24 Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer, dies at 67 (b. 1877)
  • 1944-11-05 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon, sociologist and biologist (Nobel 1912), dies at 71
  • 1944-12-02 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), dies of cardiac arrest at 67
  • 1944-12-13 Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), dies at 78
  • 1944-12-22 Antoine Mariotte, French composer, dies on 69th birthday
  • 1944-12-30 Romain Roland, French writer/pacifist (Nobel 1915), dies at 78
  • 1945-01-19 Ernest B Allo, French theologist, dies at 71
  • 1945-02-05 Violette Szabo, French WWII secret agent, is executed by Nazis at 23
  • 1945-03-16 Pierre Drieu la Rochelle, French writer/poet, commits suicide at 52
  • 1945-03-31 Maurice Donnay, French playwright (Lovers), dies at 85
  • 1945-07-20 Paul Valéry [Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry], French author, philosopher and poet (La Jeune Parque), dies at 73
  • 1945-09-15 André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (b. 1876)

BattlePierre Laval

1945-10-15 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), executed by firing squad for high treason at 62

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • 1945-10-26 Paul Pelliot, French Sinologist and Orientalist best known for his explorations of Central Asia and his discovery of many important Chinese texts among the Dunhuang manuscripts, dies at 67
  • 1945-12-11 Charles Fabry, French physicist, discoverer of ozone layer in upper atmosphere, dies at 78
  • 1946-04-28 Louis Bachelier, French mathematician, dies at 76
  • 1946-09-20 Raimu [Jules Auguste Cesar Muraire], French actor (The Baker's Wife, Marius, Fanny), dies from a heart attack at 62
  • 1946-12-19 Paul Langevin, French physicist (b. 1872)
  • 1947-01-17 Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, French cardinal and Archbishop of Quebec, dies at 63
  • 1947-01-23 Pierre Bonnard, French painter and illustrator, dies at 79
  • 1947-05-31 Henri Casadesus, French violist/composer (viola d'amour), dies at 67
  • 1947-08-21 Ettore Bugatti, Italian-French automobile designer and manufacturer (Automobiles E. Bugatti), dies at 65
  • 1947-11-25 Léon-Paul Fargue, French poet (b. 1876)
  • 1947-12-07 Tristan Bernard, French playwright and novelist, dies at 81
  • 1948-01-19 Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869)
  • 1948-02-06 Robert Brasillach, French author/nazi collaborator, dies at 38
  • 1948-03-03 Antonin Artaud, French songwriter and director (Theatre Seraphin), dies at 51
  • 1948-03-04 Antonin Artaud, French poet/actor (Napoleon), dies at 51
  • 1948-06-06 Louis Lumière, French inventor, with brother Auguste made 1st motion picture in 1895, dies at 83