French History (Part 7)

Historical Events

Events 601 - 700 of 2,328

  • 1759-09-13 British beat French forces at Plains of Abrahams (Quebec)
  • 1759-09-18 Battle of Quebec ends, French surrender to British who capture Quebec City
  • 1759-11-20 -22] Battle in Bay of Quiberon, British beat French
  • 1760-01-22 Battle at Wandewash India: British troops beat French
  • 1760-09-08 French army surrenders Montreal to General Jeffrey Amherst
  • 1760-11-29 French commandant Beletre surrenders Detroit to Maj R Rogers
  • 1761-01-16 The British capture Pondicherry, India, from the French.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1762-03-10 French Huguenot Jean Calas, who was wrongly convicted of killing his son, dies after being tortured by authorities; the event inspires Voltaire to begin campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • 1762-04-05 British take Grenada, West Indies, from French
  • 1763-02-10 Treaty of Paris ends French-Indian War, surrendering Canada to Britain
  • 1763-02-15 Austria, Prussia & Saxony sign the Treaty of Hubertusburg, marking the end of the French and Indian War and of the Seven Years War
  • 1764-02-15 St. Louis, Missouri founded as a French trading post by Pierre Laclède
  • 1764-11-09 Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, is turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet.
  • 1764-11-26 France bans Jesuit enorde
  • 1766-03-05 Don Antonio de Ulloa takes possession of Louisiana Territory from the French
  • 1771-02-16 Messier presents his original list of 45 M-objects to French Academy

  • 1772-02-12 Yves de Kerguelen of France discovers Kerguelen Archipelago, India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1774-05-10 Louis XVI ascends to throne of France

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1776-05-02 France & Spain agreed to give weapons to American rebels
  • 1776-05-12 Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, French minister of Finance, resigns
  • 1776-09-06 Hurricane hits Martinique; 100 French and Dutch ships sink; 600 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776-10-26 Benjamin Franklin departs for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1776-12-23 Continental Congress negotiates a war loan of $181,500 from France
  • 1777-12-17 France recognizes independence of British colonies in America
  • 1778-02-06 Britain declares war on France
  • 1778-02-06 France recognizes USA, signs Treaty of Alliance in Paris, 1st US treaty
  • 1778-02-14 "Stars & Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France)
  • 1778-07-10 American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain
  • 1779-06-18 French fleet occupies St Vincent
  • 1779-07-04 French fleet occupies Grenada
  • 1779-09-03 Earl d'Orvilliers (French/Spanish Armada) sails back to Brest

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780-07-10 The Comte de Rochambeau and his French force of 7,000 land at Newport, Rhode Island, to join the American Revolutionary War

Military Leader Comte de Rochambeau
Military Leader
Comte de Rochambeau
  • 1780-11-05 French-American force under Colonel LaBalme is defeated by Miami Chief Little Turtle
  • 1781-01-06 Battle of Jersey: Major Francis Peirson and his men defeat invading French troops
  • 1781-04-29 French fleet occupies Tobago during American War of Independence
  • 1781-04-29 French fleet stops the Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1781-09-05 American Revolutionary War: French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British forces under Admiral Graves at the Battle of the Chesapeake [Battle of the Virginia Capes] and trap Cornwallis

British Admiral Samuel Hood
British Admiral
Samuel Hood

Victory in BattleSurrender at Yorktown

1781-09-28 9,000 American and 7,000 French troops begin siege of Yorktown
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'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War
'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War

BattleBattle of Interest

1781-10-09 Americans under George Washington and the French under Comte de Rochambeau begin bombardment of Yorktown, the last battle of American Revolutionary War

Financier Haym Salomon
Financier
Haym Salomon
Military Leader Comte de Rochambeau
Military Leader
Comte de Rochambeau
First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1781-12-28 Comte de Rochambeau and Nicolas Luckner are the last generals to be made Marshal of France by Louis XVI before the Revolution
  • 1782-02-05 British garrison in Menorca surrenders to French and Spanish fleet as part of the American Revolutionary War
  • 1782-02-13 French fleet occupies St Christopher

Victory in BattleBattle of the Saintes

1782-04-12 Battle at Les Saintes: British fleet under Admiral George Rodney defeats the French fleet under Comte de Grasse off Dominica in the West Indies. Prevents a planned French and Spanish invasion of Jamaica.
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The French flagship, the Ville de Paris on the right, in action against HMS Barfleur
The French flagship, the Ville de Paris on the right, in action against HMS Barfleur
  • 1782-07-06 British-French sea battle at Negapatam (off India)
  • 1783-07-15 1st steamboat, Pyroscaphe, 1st run in France
  • 1785-06-15 2 French balloonists die in world's 1st fatal aviation accident
  • 1785-08-15 French cardinal De Rohan arrested
  • 1786-09-26 Britain & France sign trade agreement
  • 1786-12-29 French Revolution: The Assembly of Notables is convoked
  • 1787-07-06 French government proclaims end to stamp/land tax
  • 1788-01-28 Lord Gordon found guilty of libel of Queen of France
  • 1788-06-07 French peasants stone the Army in Grenbole, an event known as the Day of the Tiles
  • 1788-06-21 The population of Vizille, France, demands local parliament
  • 1788-08-08 King Louis XVI calls French States & Generals together
  • 1788-08-27 Jacques Neeker named as French minister of Finance
  • 1789-01-24 Louis XVI of France issues an edict calling for the convocation of the Estates-General, a major event in the French Revolution
  • 1789-05-05 French Estates-General meets for the first time since 1614 at Versailles, summoned King Louis XVI
  • 1789-06-17 French Revolution: During the meeting of the Estates-General, the Third Estate proclaims itself the 'National Assembly'
  • 1789-06-23 French King Louis XVI rejects the demands of the Third Estate, calling itself the National Assembly, during the opening stages of the French Revolution
  • 1789-06-27 French Revolution: King Louis XVI orders the nobility and clergy of the Estates-General to meet with the Third Estate, by then called the National Assembly
  • 1789-07-06 French Revolution: the National Assembly forms a committee of thirty members to write a new constitution
  • 1789-07-09 French Revolution: the National Assembly renames itself the National Constituent Assembly
  • 1789-07-11 French King Louis XVI dismisses finance minister Jacques Necker, sparking riots in Paris

FranceBastille Day

1789-07-14 Bastille Day - the French Revolution begins with the fall of the Bastille Prison
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Storming of the Bastille
Storming of the Bastille

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789-07-16 French King Louis XVI reinstates Jacques Necker as finance minister following riots at his dismissal

Finance Minister Jacques Necker
Finance Minister
Jacques Necker
King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1789-08-04 French Revolution: The National Constituent Assembly meets and issues the first decrees that abolish centuries of feudalism in France
  • 1789-08-23 French Revolution: The National Assembly proclaims freedom of religious opinions
  • 1789-08-24 French Revolution: The National Assembly proclaims freedom of speech
  • 1789-08-26 The National Constituent Assembly adopts the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen at the beginning of the French Revolution
  • 1789-08-27 French National Assembly issues the "Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen"

FranceWomen's March on Versailles

1789-10-05 French Revolution: Women of Paris march to Versailles in the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris
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Women of Paris marching to Versailles, one of the earliest and most significant events of the French Revolution
Women of Paris marching to Versailles, one of the earliest and most significant events of the French Revolution
  • 1789-10-06 French Revolution: Louis XVI returns to Paris from Versailles after being confronted by the Parisian women on 5 October
  • 1789-10-12 French Revolution: King Louis XVI writes secretly to the King of Spain about complaining of harsh treatment; the Count of Artois writes to the Austrian king requesting military intervention in France
  • 1789-10-21 French Revolution: The National Assembly declares martial law in France to prevent uprisings
  • 1789-11-05 French National Meeting declares all citizens equal under law
  • 1790-01-07 French Revolution: A major riot breaks out in Versailles as people demand lower bread prices
  • 1790-03-04 France is divided into 83 départements, which cut across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on noble ownership of land.
  • 1790-03-12 French Revolution: The National Assembly issues a decree allowing for the sale of church land by French municipalities
  • 1790-06-19 French Revolution: The National Assembly issues a decree abolishing the titles, orders and other privileges of the French nobility
  • 1790-07-12 French Revolution: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is adopted, putting the Catholic Church in France under the control of the state
  • 1790-07-14 The Fête de la Fédération, attended by Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, is held across France on the first anniversary of the French Revolution

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1791-01-30 Comte de Mirabeau is elected President of the French National Assembly

Revolutionary and Politician Comte de Mirabeau
Revolutionary and Politician
Comte de Mirabeau
  • 1791-03-10 Pope condemns France's Civil Constitution of the clergy
  • 1791-06-20 King Louis XVI and the French royal family are caught during an attempt to flee Paris during the French Revolution, severely undermining their credibility
  • 1791-06-21 Fleeing French King Louis XVI and family captured at Varennes-en-Argonne
  • 1791-07-14 The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1791-07-17 Members of the French National Guard under command of General Lafayette open fire on crowd of radical Jacobins at Champ de Mars, Paris, during the French Revolution, killing up to 50 people

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton
  • 1791-09-03 French Revolution: The new French Constitution, declaring France a constitutional monarchy, is passed by the National Assembly
  • 1791-09-13 France's King Louis XVI accepts constitution
  • 1791-10-01 1st session of new French legislative assembly
  • 1792-02-07 Austria & Prussia sign anti-French covenant
  • 1792-04-14 France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars
  • 1792-04-20 Amidst the French Revolution, France declares war on Austria and Prussia, beginning the French Revolutionary Wars
  • 1792-04-25 Guillotine first used in France, executes highwayman Nicolas Pelletier
  • 1792-04-25 "La Marseillaise", later the national anthem of France, is composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle in Strasbourg
  • 1792-06-13 King Louis XVI dissmisses French government
  • 1792-07-08 France declares war on Prussia
  • 1792-07-11 Prussia army moves into French territory
  • 1792-07-25 The Brunswick Manifesto issued to population of Paris promising vengeance if French Royal Family harmed
  • 1792-07-30 500 Marseillaisian men sing France's national anthem for 1st time

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 601 - 700 of 2,981

  • 1735-04-11 Pierre Nicolas La Houssaye, French violinist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1818)
  • 1736-08-26 Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l'Isle, French chemist (d. 1790)
  • 1736-09-15 Jean-Sylvain Bailly, French astronomer noted for his computation of an orbit for Halley’s Comet (1759) and author of History of Ancient Astronomy from Its Origin to the Establishment of the School of Alexandria, born in Paris (d. 1793)
  • 1736-11-26 Charles-Joseph Panckoucke, French publisher (Mercure de France), born in Lille, France (d. 1798)
  • 1737-04-10 Francois Giroust, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1799)
  • 1738-05-28 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician and freemason who proposed and became the namesake of the guillotine, born in Saintes, France (d.1814)
  • 1738-06-22 Jacques Delille, French poet and translator (d. 1813)
  • 1738-08-01 Jacques François Dugommier, French general, born in Trois-Rivières, Guadeloupe, France (d. 1794)
  • 1739-01-25 Charles François Dumouriez, French general, born in Cambrai, France (d. 1823)
  • 1739-02-15 Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect (d. 1813)
  • 1739-03-19 Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (d. 1824)
  • 1739-08-27 Michel-Richard Delalande, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1812)
  • 1739-09-07 Joseph Legros, French singer and composer who was the most prominent haute-contres of his generation, born in Monampteuil, France (d. 1793)
  • 1740-02-07 Adam-Philippe Custine, French earl/general/MP
  • 1740-04-02 Armand-Gaston Camus, French revolutionist and Chairman of the Council of 500, born in Paris (d. 1804)

Person of interestMarquis de Sade

1740-06-02 Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine). The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name., born in Paris, France (d/ 1814)

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1740-07-27 Jeanne Baré, French explorer, born in Loire Valley, France (d. 1803)
  • 1740-08-26 Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, French aeronaut (ballooning)
  • 1740-10-08 Michel-Julien Mathieu, French composer, born in Fontainebleau, France (d. 1777)
  • 1741-03-20 Jean Antoine Houdon, French sculptor (d. 1828)
  • 1741-07-27 François-Hippolyte Barthélémon, French composer, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1808)
  • 1741-08-23 Jean-François de Galaup, comte de La Pérouse, French explorer, born in Albi, France (d. 1788)
  • 1741-10-18 Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (d. 1803)
  • 1741-12-08 Maximilien Gardel, French ballet dancer and choreographer (Menuet Reine), born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1787)
  • 1742-07-19 Jean-Baptiste Davaux, French classical composer, born in La Côte-Saint-André, France (d. 1822)
  • 1742-08-14 Marie Allard, French ballerina (Auguste Vestris), born in Marseille, France (d. 1802)

Person of interestJean-Paul Marat

1743-05-24 Jean-Paul Marat, French journalist and revolutionary (Friend of the People periodical), born in Boudry, Prussia (d. 1793)

Revolutionary and Journalist Jean-Paul Marat
Revolutionary and Journalist
Jean-Paul Marat
  • 1743-08-26 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), born in Paris, France (d. 1794)
  • 1743-09-17 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis of Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher and mathematician, born in Ribemont, Picardy, France (d. 1794)

Person of interestMarquis de Condorcet

1743-09-17 Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method), born in Ribemont, France (d. 1794)

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
  • 1744-02-06 Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist & surgeon, born in Vouhenans, France (d. 1795)

Person of interestJean-Baptiste Lamarck

1744-08-01 Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French naturalist (Lamarckian evolution), born in Paris, France (d. 1829)

French Naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
French Naturalist
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
  • 1744-08-10 "Fanfan" Alexandrine-Jeanne d'Étiolles, daughter of the courtesan Madame de Pompadour, born in Paris, France (d. 1754)
  • 1745-01-06 Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, Annonay, Ardèche, French inventors and 1st pioneer balloonist (Montgolfière-style hot air balloon)
  • 1745-04-20 Philippe Pinel, French physician (the father of modern psychiatry), born in Jonquières, France (d. 1826)
  • 1746-03-08 André Michaux, French botanist, born in Satory, France (d. 1802)
  • 1746-04-23 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (discover the theory of homology in biology), born in Valognes, Normandy, France (d. 1794)
  • 1746-05-10 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
  • 1746-11-12 Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles, Beaugency, French inventor and balloonist who, with Nicholas Robert, was the first to take flight in a hydrogen balloon
  • 1747-01-10 Abraham Louis-Breguet, French clock maker, born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland (d. 1823)
  • 1747-04-23 Abbé Alexandre-Auguste Robineau, French composer and painter, born in Paris (d. 1828)
  • 1747-10-08 Jean-François Rewbell, French lawyer and politician, born in Colmar, France (d. 1807)
  • 1748-04-12 Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (Classification of flowering plants), born in Lyon, France (d. 1836)

Person of interestOlympe de Gouges

1748-05-07 Olympe de Gouges [Marie Gouze], French playwright and revolutionary (Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen), born in Montauban, France (d. 1793)

Playwright and Revolutionary Olympe de Gouges
Playwright and Revolutionary
Olympe de Gouges
  • 1748-06-30 Jean-Dominique, comte de Cassini, French astronomer, born in Paris (d. 1845)
  • 1748-07-21 Louis-Henry Paisible, French composer, born in Saint Cloud, Paris (d. 1782)
  • 1748-08-30 Jacques-Louis David, French Neoclassical painter (Death of Marat), born in Paris (d. 1825)
  • 1748-08-31 Jean-Etienne Despreaux, French ballet dancer and composer, born in Paris (d. 1820)
  • 1748-12-09 Claude-Louis Berthollet, French chemist, born in Talloires, Savoy, France (d. 1822)

Person of interestComte de Mirabeau

1749-03-09 Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, Comte de Mirabeau, French revolutionary (influential member of the National Constituent Assembly), born in Le Bignon, France (d. 1791)

Revolutionary and Politician Comte de Mirabeau
Revolutionary and Politician
Comte de Mirabeau
  • 1749-03-23 Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace, French mathematician, astronomer and physicist (stability of the solar system), born in Beaumount-en-Auge, Normandy, France (d. 1827)
  • 1749-05-05 Jean-Frédéric Edelmann, French composer, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1794)
  • 1749-06-19 Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, French revolutionary and President of the National Convention, born in Paris (d. 1796)
  • 1749-06-26 Louis Joseph Claude Saint-Amans, French composer, born in Marseille, France (d. 1820)
  • 1749-09-08 Yolande de Polastron, Duchess de Polignac, French aristocrat, born in Paris (d. 1793)
  • 1749-09-08 Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe, French aristocrat, born in Palazzo Carignano, Turin, Savoy (d. 1792)

Person of interestJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre

1749-09-19 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer (The History of Astronomy), born in Amiens, France (d. 1822)

Mathematician/Astronomer Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
Mathematician/Astronomer
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
  • 1749-10-04 Jean-Louis Duport, French cellist and composer, born in France (d. 1819)
  • 1750-03-05 Jean B G d'Ansse de Villoison, French classical (Apollonii Lexicon)
  • 1750-04-17 François de Neufchâteau, French statesman and intellectual figure, born in Saffais, France (d. 1828)
  • 1750-06-21 Pierre-Nicolas Beauvallet, French artist, born in Le Havre, France (d. 1818)
  • 1750-06-23 Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (d. 1801)
  • 1750-07-28 Fabre d'Églantine French dramatist and politician, creator of the French Republican calendar (d. 1794)
  • 1750-08-24 Letizia Ramolino, Italian noble and mother of Napoleon Bonaparte, born in Ajaccio, France (d. 1836)
  • 1751-04-03 Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne, French composer, born in Eymet, France (d. 1796)
  • 1751-08-23 Louis-Francois Beffara, French lexicographer, born in Nonancourt, France (d. 1838)
  • 1752-04-05 Sébastien Érard, French musical instruments maker, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1831)
  • 1752-09-18 Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (worked on elliptic integrals), born in Paris (d. 1833)
  • 1752-11-17 Nicolas Appert, French inventor of airtight food preservation (food canning, bouillon tablet), born in Châlons-en-Champagne, France (d. 1841)
  • 1753-02-06 Évariste de Parny, French poet, born in Saint-Paul, France (d. 1814)
  • 1753-02-12 François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (d. 1798)
  • 1753-02-20 Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (d. 1815)
  • 1753-03-09 Jean-Baptiste Kléber, French general, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1800)
  • 1753-04-01 Joseph de Maistre, French diplomat and writer (d. 1821)
  • 1753-05-13 Lazare Carnot, French politician, engineer and mathematician known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, born in Nolay, Côte-d'Or (d. 1823)
  • 1753-05-31 Pierre-Victurnien Vergniaud, French politician and police leader, born in Limoges, France (d. 1793)
  • 1753-06-08 Nicolas-Marie Dalayrac, French composer, born in Muret, Haute-Garonne, France (d. 1809)
  • 1753-07-04 Jean-Pierre Blanchard, French ballonist (1st balloon flights in England and U.S.), born in Les Andelys, France (d. 1809)
  • 1753-09-02 Marie Josephine Louise of Savoy, queen of France (d. 1810)
  • 1753-11-06 Jean-Baptiste Sebastien Breval, French cellist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1823)

Person of interestTalleyrand

1754-02-02 Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, French statesman, born in Paris (d. 1838)

Politician and Diplomat Talleyrand
Politician and Diplomat
Talleyrand
  • 1754-02-17 Nicolas Baudin, French explorer (d. 1803)
  • 1754-03-17 Madame Roland [Marie-Jeanne Phlippon], French revolutionary (member of the Girondist faction), born in Paris, France (d. 1793)
  • 1754-07-20 Antoine Destutt de Tracy, French Enlightenment philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1836)

Person of interestPierre Charles L'Enfant

1754-08-02 Pierre Charles L'Enfant, French-born American architect who laid out Washington, D.C., born in Paris, France (d. 1825)

Washington D.C. Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Washington D.C. Architect
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
  • 1754-08-18 François, marquis de Chasseloup-Laubat, French general (d. 1833)

Person of interestLouis XVI

1754-08-23 Louis XVI, King of France (1774-93) eventually guillotined, born in Versailles, Yvelines, France (d. 1793)

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1754-12-09 Etienne Ozi, French composer and bassoonist, born in Nimes (d. 1813)
  • 1755-02-13 Francois Alexander Sallantin, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1816)
  • 1755-03-12 Georges Couthon, French politician
  • 1755-03-14 Pierre-Louis Couperin, French organist and composer (d. 1789)
  • 1755-04-01 Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto)
  • 1755-04-16 Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1842)
  • 1755-04-27 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (Parseval's theorem), born in Rosières-aux-Salines, France (d. 1836)
  • 1755-06-15 Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, French chemist (d. 1809)
  • 1755-06-30 Paul-François-Jean-Nicolas, French politician of the French Revolution, born in Fox-Amphoux, France (d. 1829)
  • 1755-07-22 Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (d. 1839)
  • 1755-08-04 Nicolas-Jacque Conte, French painter and inventor (modern pencil), born in Aunou-sur-Orne, France (d. 1805)

Person of interestMarie Antoinette

1755-11-02 Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (1774-92) who allegedly uttered the phrase "let them eat cake", born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1793)

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette

Person of interestLouis XVIII

1755-11-17 Louis XVIII, 1st post-revolutionary King of France (1814-24), born in Versailles, France (d. 1824)

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 601 - 700 of 2,523

  • 1731-12-26 Antoine Houdar de la Motte, French writer (b. 1672)
  • 1732-02-13 Charles-René d'Hozier, French historian (b. 1640)
  • 1732-03-05 Joseph François Salomon, French composer, dies at 82
  • 1732-04-18 Louis Feuillée, French explorer, dies at 72
  • 1733-03-04 Claude de Forbin, French naval commander, dies at 76
  • 1733-09-11 Francois Couperin, French composer and organist (Le Grand), dies at 64
  • 1734-04-01 Louis Lully, French musician and son of Jean-Baptiste Lully, dies at 69
  • 1734-06-17 Duke of Berwick, French general strategist, dies in battle
  • 1734-06-17 Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars, Marshal of France, dies at 81
  • 1734-07-06 Nicolas Bernier, French composer, dies at 69
  • 1734-12-14 Noel-Nicolas Coypel, French painter & cartoonist, dies at 44
  • 1736-04-24 Prince Eugene of Savoy, French-born Austrian general (b. 1663)
  • 1737-09-22 Michel Pignolet de Monteclair, French composer, dies at 69
  • 1737-12-29 Joseph Saurin, French mathematician (b. 1659)
  • 1738-06-05 Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor, dies at 79
  • 1738-08-09 Pierre Drevet, French engraver, dies at 75
  • 1738-12-22 Jean-Joseph Mouret, French composer, dies at 56
  • 1740-01-27 Louis Henri, Duc de Bourbon, Prime Minister of France, dies at 47
  • 1740-07-06 Claudius Amyand, French-born British surgeon who performed first appendectomy, dies at about 80
  • 1741-03-17 Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French poet (b. 1671)
  • 1741-11-20 Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat, Cardinal and poet, dies at 80
  • 1741-12-14 Charles Rollin, French historian, dies at 80
  • 1742-03-23 Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French writer (b. 1670)
  • 1742-05-14 Dominique Marie Valet, French RC/old-catholic bishop, dies at 64
  • 1742-09-28 Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman, dies at 79
  • 1743-01-29 Andre Hercule Fleury, French cardinal (1726-43), dies
  • 1743-03-09 Jean-Baptiste Lully fils, French musician and son of Jean-Baptiste Lully, dies at 77
  • 1743-04-29 Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (b. 1658)
  • 1743-09-14 Nicolas Lancret, French painter (b. 1690)
  • 1743-12-27 Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter, dies at 84
  • 1744-02-29 John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British natural philosopher and freemason, dies at 60
  • 1744-03-03 Jean Barbeyrac, French jurist
  • 1744-06-14 Andre Campra, French composer, dies at 83
  • 1744-12-08 Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle, duchess de Châteauroux, French mistress of King Louis XV of France, dies at 28
  • 1745-05-22 François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, French military leader (b. 1671)
  • 1745-12-08 Etienne Fourmont, French orientalist (b. 1683)
  • 1746-02-20 Guillaume Coustou Sr, French sculptor (Mary Leszczynska), dies at 68
  • 1746-03-20 Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (b. 1656)
  • 1747-03-23 Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (b. 1675)
  • 1747-05-28 Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvenargues, French writer, dies at 31
  • 1747-08-08 Madeleine de Verchères, New France heroine (b. 1678)
  • 1747-11-17 Alain-René Lesage, French author (Le diable boiteux), dies at 79
  • 1748-02-03 Henri Madin, French composer, dies at 49
  • 1749-07-12 Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois, Governor of New France
  • 1749-09-10 Émilie du Châtelet, French mathematician and physicist (b. 1706)
  • 1749-10-26 Louis-Nicholas Clerambault, French composer/organist, dies at 72
  • 1749-12-05 Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de la Vérendrye, New French explorer and trader (b. 1685)
  • 1750-06-15 Marguerite De Launay, Baronne Staal, French writer (b. 1684)
  • 1751-02-09 Henri François d'Aguesseau, Chancellor of France (1717-50), dies at 82
  • 1752-06-14 Charles-Antoine Coypel, French carpet designer, dies at 57
  • 1752-06-14 Daniel Marot, French/Neth, architect/engraver, dies at about 88
  • 1753-07-17 Andre-Joseph Panckoucke, French book publisher/merchant, dies
  • 1754-05-14 Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French writer (L’École des Mères), dies at 62
  • 1754-06-22 Nicholas Siret, French baroque composer and organist, dies at 91
  • 1754-07-04 Philippe Néricault Destouches, French dramatist and author, dies at 74
  • 1754-11-27 Abraham de Moivre, French mathematician (De Moivre's theorem), dies at 87
  • 1755-02-10 Montesquieu, French writer (b. 1689)
  • 1755-03-02 Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (b. 1675)
  • 1755-07-09 Edward Braddock, British General, mortally wounded at Fort Duquesne during French & Indian War. Dies 13th July.
  • 1756-04-16 Jacques Cassini, French astronomer, dies at 79
  • 1757-01-09 Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (b. 1657)
  • 1757-01-09 Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician, dies at 68
  • 1757-10-17 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (b. 1683)
  • 1758-04-22 Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist, dies at 71
  • 1758-04-30 François d'Agincourt, French composer (b. 1684)
  • 1758-08-15 Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (fotometrie), dies at 60
  • 1759-01-01 Jacques-Joachim Trotti, Marquis de La Chétardie, French adventurer, dies at 54
  • 1759-05-12 Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor, dies at 58
  • 1759-07-27 Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, French mathematician and astronomer (Système de la nature), dies at 60

Person of interestJames Wolfe

1759-09-13 James Wolfe, British Army officer who defeated the French in Canada and captured Quebec, dies in battle at 32

British Army Officer James Wolfe
British Army Officer
James Wolfe
  • 1759-09-14 Louis Joseph Montcalm, French general (Plains of Abraham), dies at 47
  • 1760-04-10 Jean Lebeuf, French historian, dies at 1760
  • 1760-06-12 Antoine Court, French minister and itinerant preacher in the Reformed church who restored Protestantism to France, dies at 69
  • 1760-09-11 Louis Godin, French astronomer (b. 1704)
  • 1761-02-01 Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French Jesuit prince and historian, dies at 78
  • 1761-09-08 Bernard Forest de Bélidor, French engineer (b. 1698)
  • 1762-01-11 Louis-François Roubiliac, French sculptor (b. 1695)
  • 1762-03-21 Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (b. 1713)
  • 1762-06-17 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, French writer (b. 1674)
  • 1762-07-16 Jacques Hotteterre, French composer and flautist, dies at 87
  • 1763-01-29 Louis Racine, French poet (La Religion), dies at 70
  • 1763-02-12 Pierre de Marivaux, French writer (b. 1688)
  • 1763-10-22 French van Mieris "the Young", painter/historian, dies at 73
  • 1764-04-15 Madame de Pompadour, French mistress of King Louis XV of France, dies of tuberculosis at 42
  • 1764-09-12 Jean Philippe Rameau, French composer (Castor en Pollux), dies at 80
  • 1764-10-23 Emmanuel-Auguste de Cahideuc, Comte Dubois de la Motte, French naval officer (b. 1683)
  • 1765-05-17 Alexis Clairaut, French mathematician (Clairaut's theorem), dies at 52
  • 1765-07-15 Charles-André Van Loo, French Rococo painter, dies at 60
  • 1766-01-19 Giovanni Niccolò Servandoni, Italian-French architect, dies at 70
  • 1766-05-05 Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (b. 1684)
  • 1766-06-24 Adrien-Maurice, 3rd duc de Noailles, French soldier (b. 1678)
  • 1766-10-07 Andre Cheron, French composer organist and harpsichordist, dies at 71
  • 1767-03-07 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, French colonizer (b. 1680)
  • 1767-03-20 Firmin Abauzit, French scholar and scientist, dies at 87
  • 1768-01-10 Charles Cressent, French court furniture maker, dies at 82
  • 1768-03-18 Lawrence Sterne, writer (Sentimental Journey France & Italy), dies
  • 1768-09-02 Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician, dies at 64
  • 1768-10-28 Michel Blavet, French court flautist/composer, dies at 68
  • 1768-12-08 Jean Denis Attiret, French Jesuit missionary and painter, dies at 66
  • 1769-01-24 François de Chevert, French general (b. 1695)