French History (Part 8)

Historical Events

Events 701 - 800 of 2,319

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792-09-21 French Revolution: The National Convention passes a proclamation announcing the formal abolition of the French monarchy

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792-09-22 French First Republic formed by the National Convention, stripping the French king of his powers

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton
Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792-09-26 Marc-David Lasource begins accusing Maximilien Robespierre of wanting a dictatorship for France

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Maximilien Robespierre
  • 1792-11-06 Battle of Jemappes: French army beats Holy Roman Empire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792-12-11 France's King Louis XVI goes on trial, accused of high treason and crimes against the state

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1792-12-26 Trial of French King Louis XVI, court hears the kings defense brought by Raymond Desèze
  • 1793-01-16 French King Louis XVI sentenced to death by the National Convention during the French Revolution
  • 1793-01-21 Louis XVI of France is executed by guillotine in Paris, following his conviction for "high treason" by the newly created French Parliament (Convention nationale), during the French Revolution
  • 1793-02-01 France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
  • 1793-02-24 French troops conquer Breda
  • 1793-03-04 French troops conquer Geertruidenberg, Netherlands
  • 1793-03-05 French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured
  • 1793-03-18 Second Battle at Neerwinden: Austria army beats France
  • 1793-03-26 Pro-royalist uprising in Vendée region of France
  • 1793-05-19 Netherlands captures French island of St Maarten (held until 1795)

  • 1793-05-30 Georges Couthon chosen member of French Committee the Salut Public
  • 1793-06-24 1st republican constitution in France adopted
  • 1793-07-24 France passes 1st copyright law
  • 1793-08-01 France becomes 1st country to use the metric system
  • 1793-08-08 The insurrection of Lyon occurs during the French Revolution.
  • 1793-08-23 French Revolution: The National Convention adopts the levée en masse, conscripting all able-bodied men between 18 and 25 for military service during the French Revolutionary Wars
  • 1793-08-29 Slaves in French colony of St Domingue (Haiti) freed
  • 1793-09-05 French Revolution: the "Reign of Terror" begins
  • 1793-09-20 British troops under Major-general Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
  • 1793-10-05 French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.
  • 1793-10-16 Battle of Wattignies: French defeat Allied forces and lift siege of Maubeuge

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1793-11-03 French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined

Playwright and Revolutionary Olympe de Gouges
Playwright and Revolutionary
Olympe de Gouges

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1793-11-26 Republican calendar replaces Gregorian calendar in France

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • 1793-12-18 Surrender of the frigate La Lutine by French royalists to Lord Hood; renamed HMS Lutine, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck
  • 1793-12-26 Battle of Geisberg: French defeat Austrians.
  • 1794-02-04 French National Convention proclaims abolition of slavery
  • 1794-03-28 Allies under the prince of Coburg defeat French forces at Le Cateau
  • 1794-04-30 The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1794-05-06 Haiti, under Toussaint Louverture, revolts against France

General and Revolutionary Toussaint Louverture
General and Revolutionary
Toussaint Louverture

  • 1794-05-18 Battle of Tourcoing; French Republican army defeats a Habsburg coalition bear Lille, France, during War of the First Coalition
  • 1794-06-01 Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.
  • 1794-06-10 France revolutionary regime begins trials
  • 1794-06-25 French troops occupy Charleroi

Victory in BattleBattle of Fleurus

1794-06-26 Battle of Fleurus: major victory by forces of the First French Republic under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan over the Coalition Army (Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburgs) first use of reconnaissance balloon

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Jourdan at Fleurus with the balloon l'Entreprenant in the background
Jourdan at Fleurus with the balloon l'Entreprenant in the background
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  • 1794-07-02 Second Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • 1794-07-13 Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
  • 1794-07-28 French Revolutionary figure Maximilien Robespierre and 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris
  • 1794-08-26 French troops occupy Lock

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1794-09-21 French National Convention orders the remains of Comte de Mirabeau be removed from the Panthéon after his double-dealings with court revealed

Revolutionary and Politician Comte de Mirabeau
Revolutionary and Politician
Comte de Mirabeau
  • 1794-09-27 French troops conquer Crèvecoeur
  • 1794-10-09 French troops occupy Hertogenbosch
  • 1794-10-29 French troops occupies Venlo
  • 1794-11-03 French troops conquer Maastricht
  • 1794-11-07 French troops conquer Nijmegen
  • 1794-12-15 Revolutionary Tribunal abolished in France
  • 1794-12-30 French troops conquer Grave Neth
  • 1795-01-16 French army under Pichegru occupies Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1795-01-18 French admitted to Amsterdam without resistance
  • 1795-02-05 Zealand, Netherlands, surrenders to French general Michaud

  • 1795-02-21 Freedom of worship established in France under constitution
  • 1795-02-25 French Politician and Educator Joseph Lakanal, defines on behalf of the French Revolution an “educational utopia” aiming to “put an end to inequalities of development that affected a citizen's capacities for judgment."
  • 1795-03-05 Treaty of Basel - Prussia ends war with France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1795-04-07 France adopts the metre as the basic measure of length

Mathematician and Astronomer Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
Mathematician and Astronomer
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
  • 1795-05-16 Hedges Treaty: Bataafse Republic becomes French vassal state
  • 1795-07-14 The French National Convention decrees "La Marseillaise" by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle France's national anthem
  • 1795-07-27 Spain and France sign peace treaty
  • 1795-10-01 France annexes Southern Netherlands
  • 1795-10-01 Belgium is conquered by France.
  • 1795-10-26 The Directoire, a five-man revolutionary government of France, is created

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1796-03-02 Napoléon Bonaparte is appointed Commander-in-Chief of the French Army in Italy

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1796-04-21 Napoleon and the French defeat the Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi
  • 1796-05-10 French government arrest 10 utopists
  • 1796-05-15 France & Sardinia sign Peace treaty of Paris
  • 1796-08-19 Spain & France sign anti-British alliance
  • 1796-09-08 Battle of Bassano-French beat Austrians
  • 1796-11-17 Battle of Arcole ends in Venice: French forces, under Brigadier General Napoleon Bonaparte defeat an Austrian force led by József Alvinczi after a 3 day battle
  • 1797-02-19 One third of papal domain ceded to France

Battle of InterestLast Invasion of Britain

1797-02-22 The Last Invasion of Britain, launched by the French during the Revolutionary Wars, begins near Fishguard, Wales

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French troops surrendering to British forces at Goodwick Sands near Fishguard in Wales. Drawing by James Baker.
French troops surrendering to British forces at Goodwick Sands near Fishguard in Wales. Drawing by James Baker.
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  • 1797-04-18 France & Austria sign ceasefire

  • 1797-05-12 First Coalition: Napoleon I of France conquers Venice
  • 1797-10-17 Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions & France
  • 1798-03-07 The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic
  • 1798-07-07 Quasi-War: the U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the 'war'

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1798-08-01 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson attacks and decimates the French fleet at Aboukir Bay off the Nile Delta, Egypt

  • 1798-08-02 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson further decimates the French fleet
  • 1798-08-03 Battle of the Nile: British Admiral Horatio Nelson forces the remnants of the French fleet to surrender, concluding a decisive victory for the British who capture or destroy 11 French ships of the line and 2 frigates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1798-08-22 French troops land in Kilcummin harbour in County Mayo, Ireland, to aid Wolfe Tone's United Irishmen's Irish Rebellion

Irish Republican and Revolutionary Wolfe Tone
Irish Republican and Revolutionary
Wolfe Tone
  • 1798-08-27 Battle of Castlebar, Ireland: French army and Irish rebels rout a larger the British force
  • 1798-09-05 New conscription law goes into effect in France
  • 1798-10-12 Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
  • 1798-12-24 Russia & Britain sign Second anti-French Coalition
  • 1799-01-14 King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • 1799-02-09 USS Constellation captures French frigate Insurgents off Nevis, W I
  • 1799-03-12 Austria declares war on France

Historic CommunicationRosetta Stone

1799-07-15 The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign

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The Rosetta Stone
The Rosetta Stone
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  • 1799-07-25 French-Egyptian forces under Napoleon I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir
  • 1799-08-23 Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.
  • 1799-10-06 Battle of Castricum: Franco-Dutch army beats British-Russian army
  • 1799-10-22 Russia leaves second anti-French Coalition
  • 1799-11-09 Napoleon Bonaparte pulls off a coup and becomes the dictator of France under the title of First Consul
  • 1799-12-10 Metric system first adopted in France
  • 1800-01-08 Austrians defeat French in Second Battle of Novi
  • 1800-01-08 Wild Boy of Aveyron (approx.12) discovered in southern France after possibly 7 years in the wild, later christened Victor of Aveyron

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 701 - 800 of 2,973

  • 1757-06-05 Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist, born in Cosnac, Corrèze, France (d. 1808)

Person of interestMarquis de Lafayette

1757-09-06 Marquis de Lafayette, American patriot and French revolutionary, born in Chavaniac, France (d. 1834)

French General and Aristocrat Marquis de Lafayette
French General and Aristocrat
Marquis de Lafayette

Person of interestCharles X

1757-10-09 Charles X, King of France (1824-30), born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1836)

King of France Charles X
King of France
Charles X
  • 1757-10-21 Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (d. 1816)
  • 1757-11-06 Louis Abel Beffroy de Reigny, French dramatist and composer, born in Laon, Aisne, France (d. 1811)
  • 1758-02-04 Pierre-Gabriel Gardel, French ballet dancer/choreographer
  • 1758-03-09 Franz Joseph Gall, German-French physician (phrenology), born in Tiefenbronn, Germany (d. 1828)
  • 1758-04-04 Pierre-Paul Prud'hon, French Romantic painter and draughtsman - allegorical paintings and portraits, born in Cluny, Saône-et-Loire (d. 1823)

Person of interestMaximilien Robespierre

1758-05-06 Maximilien Robespierre, French revolutionary (President of the National Convention, Member of Committee of Public Safety), born in Arras, France (d. 1794)

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Maximilien Robespierre
  • 1758-08-14 Carle Vernet, French painter and lithographer, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1836)
  • 1758-10-26 Louis-Charles-Joseph Rey, French classical cellist and composer, born in Lauzerte, France (d. 1811)
  • 1759-01-05 Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist & army leader, born in Le Pin-en-Mauges, France (d. 1793)
  • 1759-01-31 Francois Devienne, French composer, born in Joinville, France (d. 1803)
  • 1759-05-06 François Andrieux, French playwright, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1833)
  • 1759-10-04 Louis François Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician (Du calcul des derivations), born in Mutzig, France (d. 1803)

Person of interestGeorges Danton

1759-10-26 Georges Danton, French politician and revolutionary (1st president of the Committee of Public Safety during the French Revolution), born in Arcis-sur-Aube, France (d. 1794)

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton
  • 1760-03-01 François Nicolas Leonard Buzot, French revolutionary (d. 1794)
  • 1760-03-02 Camille Desmoulins, French journalist/pamphleteer/revolution leader
  • 1760-03-27 Marie-Jean Auguste Vestris, French ballet dancer, born in Paris (d. 1842)
  • 1760-05-10 Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle, French soldier, author and composer (La Marseillaise), born in Lons-le-Saunier, France (d. 1836)
  • 1760-07-08 Christian Kramp, French mathematician (d. 1826)
  • 1760-10-09 Pierre Gaveaux, French composer, born in Béziers, France (d. 1825)
  • 1760-11-23 Gracchus Babeuf, French utopian socialist (Tribun du Peuple)
  • 1761-02-16 Charles Pichegru, French army general and royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon, born in Arbois, Franche-Comté (now France) (d. 1804)
  • 1761-03-06 Antoine-Francois Andreossy, French General and diplomat (d. 1828)
  • 1761-09-28 François Budan de Boislaurent, French mathematician, born in Limonade, Cap-Français, Saint-Domingue (d. 1840)
  • 1761-10-21 Louis AG baron de Bacler d'Albe, French cartographer/brigadier general

Person of interestMadame Tussaud

1761-12-01 Marie Tussaud, French founder of Madame Tussaud's wax museum, born in Strasbourg (d. 1850)

Wax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud
Wax Museum Creator
Madame Tussaud
  • 1761-12-24 Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (greatest visual comet discoverer of all time), born in Peyre, Hautes-Alpes (d. 1831)
  • 1762-04-29 Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal, born in Limoges, France (d. 1833)
  • 1762-07-14 Joseph Lakanal, Serres Ariège, French Politician and Educator
  • 1762-09-16 Charles de Merode, Earl of Merode, Mayor of Brussels and French senator, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1830)
  • 1762-10-30 André Chénier, French poet killed during French Revolution, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1794)
  • 1762-11-29 Pierre André Latreille, French entomologist (first detailed classification of crustaceans and insects), born in Brive-la-Gaillarde, Corrèze, France (d. 1833)
  • 1763-01-03 Joseph Fesch, French cardinal/war commission/earl/senator
  • 1763-01-08 Edmond Charles Genêt, French diplomat, born in Versailles, France (d. 1834)
  • 1763-01-26 Charles XIV [Jean Bernadotte], King of Sweden & Norway (1818-44), Marshall of France, born in Pau, France (d. 1844)
  • 1763-02-14 Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general, born in Morlaix, Brittany, France (d. 1813)
  • 1763-03-13 Guillaume Brune, French marshal, born in Brive-la-Gaillarde, France (d. 1815)
  • 1763-05-07 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish general and marshal of France, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1813)
  • 1763-05-21 Joseph Fouché, French statesman (d. 1820)
  • 1763-06-21 Pierre-Paul Royer-Collard, French statesman and philosopher, born in Sompuis, France (d. 1845)
  • 1763-06-23 Joséphine de Beauharnais, first wife of Napoleon I and first Empress of France (1804-14), born in Les Trois-Îlets, Martinique (d. 1814)
  • 1763-12-25 Claude Chappe, French engineer (optical telegraph)
  • 1763-12-31 Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral, born in Valensole, France (d. 1806)
  • 1764-02-04 Carel H Verhuell, Dutch/French vice-admiral/minister of Navy
  • 1764-02-11 Marie-Joseph de Chénier, French poet (Caïus Gracchus), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1811)
  • 1764-04-13 Laurent, 1st Marquis of Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal, born in Toul, Three Bishoprics, France (d. 1830)
  • 1764-05-03 Élisabeth of France, princess of France, youngest sister of king Louis XVI, born in Versailles, France (d. 1794)
  • 1764-08-13 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general, born in Paris (d. 1813)
  • 1764-08-22 Charles Percier, French architect, born in Paris (d. 1838)
  • 1764-10-14 Charles-Henri Plantade, French composer, born in Pontoise, France (d. 1839)
  • 1764-12-07 Claude Victor-Perrin, Duc de Belluno, French marshal, born in Lamarche, France (d. 1841)
  • 1764-12-10 Louis-Sébastien Lebrun, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1829)
  • 1765-03-07 Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor of photography (d. 1833)
  • 1765-04-28 Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1843)
  • 1765-11-04 Pierre-Simon Girard, French mathematician and engineer (fluid mechanics), born in Caen, France (d. 1836)
  • 1765-11-17 Étienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald, French marshal (d. 1840)
  • 1766-03-04 Emanuel ADMJ, French historian (Napoleon)
  • 1766-04-22 Madame de Staël [Anne Louise Germaine de Staël-Holstein], French-Swiss author (De l’Allemagne), born in Paris (d. 1817)
  • 1766-07-08 Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)
  • 1766-08-22 Joseph-Denis Doche, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1825)
  • 1766-09-25 Armand-Emmanuel, Duc de Richelieu, Prime Minister of France (1815-18, 1820-21), born in Paris (d. 1822)
  • 1766-10-23 Emmanuel, marquis de Grouchy, French general and marshal, born in Paris (d. 1847)
  • 1766-11-16 Rodolphe Kreutzer, French composer (La mort d'Abel) and virtuoso violinist, born in Versailles, France (d. 1831)
  • 1767-03-25 Joachim Murat, marshal of France, King of Naples (1808-15)
  • 1767-04-25 Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal, born in Bar-le-Duc, France (d. 1847)
  • 1767-08-25 Antoine Louis Léon de Saint-Just, French revolutionary and writer, born in Decize, France (d. 1794)
  • 1767-10-23 H Benjamin Constant [de Rebeque], French politician/writer
  • 1767-12-29 Aimé Ambroise Simon Leborne, Belgian-born French composer, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1866)
  • 1768-02-13 Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (d. 1835)
  • 1768-05-02 Jean-Louis-Marc Alibert, French dermatologist, born in Villefranche-de-Rouergue, Aveyron, France (d. 1837)
  • 1768-07-27 Charlotte Corday, French revolutionary who murdered Jean-Paul Marat in a bath, born in Saint-Saturnin, France (d. 1793)
  • 1768-08-17 Louis Charles Antoine Desaix, French general (d. 1800)
  • 1768-08-27 Anne François Mellinet, French-Belgian general (Maastricht), born in Corbeil-Essonnes, France (d. 1852)
  • 1768-09-04 Francois René de Chateaubriand, French novelist (Atala), born in Saint-Malo, France (d. 1848)
  • 1768-10-13 Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French explorer, born in Honfleur, Calvados, France (d. 1839)
  • 1769-01-05 Jean Baptiste Say, French economist (Political Economics), born in Lyon, France (d. 1832)
  • 1769-01-10 Michel Ney, French marshal (Waterloo), born in Saarlouis, Germany (d. 1815)
  • 1769-03-23 Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (d. 1832)
  • 1769-03-29 Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, French marshal, 10th Prime Minister of France, born in Saint-Amans-la-Bastide, France (d. 1851)
  • 1769-04-25 Marc Isambard Brunel, French-born English engineer (Thames Tunnel), born in Hacqueville, France (d. 1849)
  • 1769-05-10 Jean Lannes, duc de Montebello, Marshal of France
  • 1769-07-04 Louis-Luc Loiseau de Persuis, French composer, born in Metz, France (d. 1819)

Person of interestNapoléon Bonaparte

1769-08-15 Napoleon Bonaparte, French military leader and Emperor of the French (1804-14, 1815), born in Ajaccio, Corsica, France (d. 1821)

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Person of interestGeorges Cuvier

1769-08-23 Georges Cuvier [Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric Cuvier], French naturalist and zoologist, born in Montbéliard, France (d. 1832)

Naturalist and Zoologist Georges Cuvier
Naturalist and Zoologist
Georges Cuvier
  • 1770-02-05 Alexandre Brongniart, mineralogist/geologist (Tertiary), born in Paris, France
  • 1770-03-02 Louis Gabriel Suchet, French Marshal (d. 1826)
  • 1770-05-10 Louis Nicholas Davout, French fieldmarshal (defeated Prussians)
  • 1770-11-16 Étienne Pivert de Senancour, French author (Obermann), born in Paris (d. 1846)
  • 1770-12-26 Pierre earl de Cambronne, French general (Waterloo, Elba)
  • 1771-02-28 French Jozef Kinsoen, Flemish portrait painter
  • 1771-06-03 Charles Bernard Desormes, Dijon, French Physicist and Chemist who determined the ratio of the specific heats of gases as well as the exact composition of carbon monoxide and carbon disulphide
  • 1771-06-19 Joseph Diez Gergonne, French mathematician, born in Nancy, France (d. 1859)
  • 1771-06-24 Éleuthère Irénée du Pont, French-American chemist and industrialist (E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company), born in Paris (d. 1834)
  • 1771-10-01 Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer, born in Passy, Paris (d. 1842)
  • 1771-10-23 Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (d. 1813)
  • 1772-01-04 Paul-Louis Courier, (de Mere), French writer/interpreter
  • 1772-04-07 F M Charles Fourier, French socialist
  • 1772-04-15 Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist, born in Étampes, France (d. 1844)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 701 - 800 of 2,513

  • 1770-05-30 François Boucher, French painter (b. 1703)
  • 1770-11-24 Charles-Jean-François Hénault, French historian (b. 1685)
  • 1771-01-11 Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens, French author, dies at 66
  • 1771-02-20 Jean Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist, dies at 92
  • 1771-03-08 Louis August le Clerc, French-born sculptor (b. 1688)
  • 1771-06-23 Jean-Claude Trial, French composer, dies at 38
  • 1771-12-26 Claude Adrien Helvétius, French philosopher (b. 1715)
  • 1771-12-27 Henri Pitot, Italian-French engineer, dies at 76
  • 1772-03-02 Robert J Pothier, French lawyer, dies at 73
  • 1772-03-21 Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, French cartographer (b. 1703)
  • 1772-03-26 Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (b. 1704)
  • 1772-06-12 Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, French explorer (made important discoveries in the south Indian Ocean, in Tasmania and in New Zealand), killed by local Maori in New Zealand at 48 (b. 1724)
  • 1772-06-15 Louis-Claude Daquin [d'Acquin], French organist and composer (La Rose), dies at 77
  • 1773-01-21 Alexis Piron, French dramatist (La Métromanie), dies at 83
  • 1773-03-13 Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist, dies at 45
  • 1773-10-26 Amédée-François Frézier, French military engineer and explorer (b. 1682)
  • 1774-02-04 Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (b. 1701)
  • 1774-05-10 Louis XV, king of France (1715-74), dies at 64
  • 1774-08-11 Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (b. 1722)
  • 1774-10-23 Michel Benoist, French Jesuit missionary and scientist, dies at 59
  • 1774-12-16 Francois Quesnay, French personal physician of Louis XIV, dies at 80
  • 1776-03-10 Élie Catherine Fréron, French critic (b. 1719)
  • 1776-05-04 Jacques Saly, French sculptor, dies at 58
  • 1776-08-02 Louis François I, Prince of Conti, French nobleman and military leader, dies at 58
  • 1776-10-17 Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (b. 1681)
  • 1777-06-16 Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset, French poet and dramatist (b. 1709)
  • 1777-07-13 Guillaume Coustou Jr, French sculptor (Apollo/Mars/Venus), dies at 61
  • 1778-01-04 Charles D J Eisen, French engraver/painter, dies at 57
  • 1778-02-18 Joseph Marie Terray, French statesman (b. 1715)
  • 1778-03-13 Charles le Beau, French historian (b. 1701)

Person of interestVoltaire

1778-05-30 Voltaire [Francois-Marie Arouet], French writer, philosopher and playwright (Candide), dies at 83

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
  • 1778-07-02 Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French philosopher, eminent political theorist, and writer whose influential works inspired French Revolution leaders and Romantic academics (Confession), dies of cerebral bleeding from a stroke at 66
  • 1778-08-04 Pierre de Rigaud, Canadian-born French Governor of New France, dies at 79
  • 1778-08-05 Charles Clémencet, French historian (b. 1703)
  • 1779-01-03 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon, dies at 66
  • 1779-12-06 Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter, dies at 80
  • 1780-07-14 Charles Batteux, French philosopher, dies at 67
  • 1780-08-03 Etienne B de Condillac, French philosopher (sensualism), dies at 64
  • 1780-08-29 Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect (b. 1713)
  • 1781-03-18 Anne Robert Turgot, French statesman (b. 1727)
  • 1782-01-04 Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French court architect (Palace de la Concorde), dies at 83
  • 1782-01-28 Jean-Baptiste-Bourguignon d'Anville, French geographer and cartographer, dies at 84
  • 1782-03-17 Daniel Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and physicist (10 time French award), dies at 82
  • 1782-03-19 Louis-Henry Paisible, French composer, dies at 33
  • 1783-09-27 Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (b. 1730)

Person of interestJean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert

1783-10-29 Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert, French philosopher and mathematician (Encyclopédie), dies at 66

Enlightenment Philosopher Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
Enlightenment Philosopher
Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
  • 1784-04-02 Pierre Leclair, French composer and violinist, dies at 74
Enlightenment Philosopher Denis Diderot
Enlightenment Philosopher
Denis Diderot
  • 1784-09-04 César-François Cassini de Thury, French astronomer (geodesic labor), dies at 70
  • 1785-05-08 Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman, dies at 65
  • 1785-06-02 Jean Paul de Gua de Malves, French mathematician (b. 1713)
  • 1785-06-25 Pierre Talon, French composer and cellist, dies at 63
  • 1785-08-21 Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (Child with Cage, Mercury Fastening his Sandals), dies at 71
  • 1785-11-18 Louis Philip I, Duke of Orléans, French soldier and writer (b. 1725)
  • 1785-11-19 Bernard de Bury, French musician and composer, dies at 65
  • 1786-01-07 Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (b. 1715)
  • 1787-02-13 Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes, French statesman and diplomat, dies at 67
  • 1787-03-11 Maximilien Gardel, French ballet dancer and choreographer (Menuet Reine), dies at 45
  • 1787-06-19 Sophie Hélène Béatrix, Princess of France, daughter of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette, dies aged 11 months 10 days
  • 1787-07-04 Charles de Rohan, Prince de Soubise, Marshal of France, dies at 71
  • 1788-01-11 François Joseph Paul de Grasse, French admiral (commanded the French fleet at the Battle of the Chesapeake), dies at 64
  • 1788-01-14 François Joseph Paul, marquis de Grasetilly, comte de Grasse, French admiral (b. 1722)
  • 1788-04-16 George-Louis Leclerc, count de Buffon, French naturalist and writer on natural history (Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière), dies at 80
  • 1788-05-29 Jacques Aliamet, French etcher and engraver, dies at 61
  • 1788-07-08 Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, French marshal and statesman, 3rd Duke of Richilieu, dies at 92
  • 1788-08-08 Louis FAD Duke the Richelieu, French marshal, dies at 92
  • 1789-07-13 Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist, dies at 73
  • 1789-07-14 Jacques de Flesselles, French provost (assassinated) (b. 1721)
  • 1789-07-15 Jacques Duphly, French composer and harpsichordist, dies at 74
  • 1789-07-22 Joseph-François Foulon, French politician, dies at 74
  • 1789-10-10 Pierre-Louis Couperin, French organist and composer, dies at 34
  • 1789-12-03 Claude-Joseph Vernet, French painter, dies at 75
  • 1789-12-23 Charles-Michel de l'Épée, French philanthropist and developer of 'Signed French', dies at 77
  • 1790-01-13 Luc Urbain de Bouëxic, comte de Guichen, French admiral, dies at 77

Person of interestComte de Mirabeau

1791-04-02 Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, Comte de Mirabeau, French revolutionary (influential member of the National Constituent Assembly), dies of natural causes at 42

Revolutionary and Politician Comte de Mirabeau
Revolutionary and Politician
Comte de Mirabeau
  • 1791-06-10 Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral, dies at 70
  • 1791-08-16 Charles-François de Broglie, French soldier and diplomat, marquis de Ruffec, dies at 61
  • 1792-04-25 Nicolas J Pelletier, French highwayman, 1st person guillotined
  • 1792-05-12 Charles Simon Favart, French dramatist, dies at 81
  • 1792-07-29 René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou, Chancellor of France (b. 1714)
  • 1792-08-25 Jacques Cazotte, French writer (b. 1719)
  • 1792-09-03 Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe, French aristocrat, dies at 42
  • 1792-10-22 Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer, dies at 67

BattleLouis XVI

1793-01-21 Louis XVI, French King (1774-93), beheaded during the French Revolution at 38

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1793-04-13 Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, French revolutionary, dies at 30
  • 1793-06-16 Louis A count d'Affry, general/French ambassador in Netherland, dies

MurderJean-Paul Marat

1793-07-13 Jean-Paul Marat, French journalist and revolutionary (Friend of the People periodical), is murdered by Charlotte Corday in a bath at 50

Revolutionary and Journalist Jean-Paul Marat
Revolutionary and Journalist
Jean-Paul Marat
  • 1793-07-14 Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist, dies in battle at 44
  • 1793-07-17 Charlotte Corday, French revolutionary who murdered Jean-Paul Marat in a bath, is guillotined at 24
  • 1793-07-21 Bruni d'Entrecasteaux, French explorer, dies of scurvy in the Pacific at 55
  • 1793-08-22 Louis de Noailles, Marshal of France, dies at 80
  • 1793-08-28 Adam-Philippe Custine, French earl/general/parliament member, dies
  • 1793-10-09 Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French missionary (b. 1718)

BattleMarie Antoinette

1793-10-16 Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (1774-92) who allegedly uttered the phrase "let them eat cake", beheaded at 37

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette
  • 1793-10-31 Pierre-Victurnien Vergniaud, French politician and police leader, guillotined at 40

BattleOlympe de Gouges

1793-11-03 Olympe de Gouges [Marie Gouze], French playwright and revolutionary (Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen), executed by guillotine at 45

Playwright and Revolutionary Olympe de Gouges
Playwright and Revolutionary
Olympe de Gouges
  • 1793-11-08 Madame Roland [Marie-Jeanne Phlippon], French revolutionary (member of the Girondist faction), executed by guillotine at 39
  • 1793-11-24 Clément Charles François de Laverdy, French statesman (b. 1723)
  • 1793-12-07 Joseph Bara, French revolutionary (b. 1780)
  • 1793-12-09 Yolande de Polastron, Duchess de Polignac, French aristocrat, dies at 44