French History (Part 9)

Historical Events

Events 801 - 900 of 2,194

  • 1803-04-01 French law rules the use of intention
  • 1803-04-26 Meteorites fall in L'Aigle, France
  • 1803-05-16 Peace of Amiens between French Republic and Great Britain ends
  • 1803-05-17 John Hawkins & Richard French patent the Reaping Machine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1803-05-18 Britain declares war on France after Napoleon Bonaparte continues interfering in Italy and Switzerland

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1803-07-05 The convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1803-08-09 Robert Fulton tests his steam paddle-boat on the River Seine, France, but it sinks

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • 1803-11-18 Battle of Vertieres, in which Haitians defeat French
  • 1803-11-30 Spain cedes her claims to Louisiana Territory to France
  • 1803-12-20 French flag lowered in New Orleans to mark the formal transfer of the Louisiana Purchase from France to USA for $27M
  • 1804-01-01 Haiti gains independence from France (National Day), making it the only state ever founded by former slaves and without slavery
  • 1804-03-21 Civil Code of Napoleon adopted in France
  • 1804-05-18 Napoleon Bonaparte proclaimed Emperor of France by the French Senate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804-08-03 Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt lands at Bordeaux, France completing his 5 year expedition to Latin America

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1805-10-21 Battle of Trafalgar: British Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats combined French and Spanish fleet. Nelson shot and killed during battle.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • 1805-11-11 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein - 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.
  • 1805-11-16 Battle at Schongrabern: Russian army stop French
  • 1805-12-26 France & Austria signs Peace of Pressburg
  • 1805-12-31 End of French Republican calendar; France returns to Gregorianism
  • 1806-01-08 Battle of Blaauwberg: British forces attack French vassal, the Batavian Republic near Cape Town, modern day South Africa
  • 1806-01-12 French evacuate Vienna
  • 1806-01-19 United Kingdom re-occupies the Cape of Good Hope following victory in the Battle of Blaauwberg over French vassal, the Batavian Republic. Establishes British rule in South Africa.
  • 1806-10-08 British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
  • 1806-10-09 Prussia declares war on France
  • 1806-10-14 Battle of Auerstadt-French beat Prussians
  • 1806-10-27 The French Army enters in Berlin
  • 1807-02-09 The Grand Sanhedrin (Jewish high court) is convened by Napoleon Bonaparte to give legal sanction to the principles in the Assembly of Notables
  • 1807-06-14 Emperor Napoleon I's French Grande Armee defeats the Russian Army at the Battle of Friedland in Prussia (modern Russian Kaliningrad Oblast) ending War of the Fourth Coalition
  • 1807-07-07 First Treaty of Tilsit signed by Napoleon I of France, and Alexander I of Russia
  • 1807-12-17 France issues the Milan Decree, which confirms the Continental System.
  • 1807-12-22 US Congress passes Embargo Act, prohibiting American ships from trading in all foreign ports, as a result of involvement in hostilities between France and Britain.
  • 1808-03-31 French created Kingdom of Westphalia orders Jews to adopt family names
  • 1808-04-09 Mayor Wolters offers French King Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
  • 1808-04-17 Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships
  • 1808-05-02 Uprising against French occupation begins in Madrid
  • 1808-05-30 Napoleon Bonaparte annexes Tuscany & gave it seats in French Senate
  • 1808-07-15 French marshal Joachim Murat becomes king of Naples
  • 1808-07-20 Napoleon decrees all French Jews adopt family names

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1808-08-21 Battle of Vimeiro: British and Portuguese forces led by General Arthur Wellesley defeat French force under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot near the village of Vimeiro, Portugal, the first Anglo-Portuguese victory of the Peninsular War.

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • 1809-01-05 Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France
  • 1809-01-12 British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • 1809-01-16 Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
  • 1809-02-08 Franz I of Austria declares war on France
  • 1809-02-13 French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
  • 1809-03-28 Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin
  • 1809-04-20 Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • 1809-05-17 Papal States annexed by France
  • 1809-05-24 Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war

  • 1809-07-27 Battle of Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
  • 1810-02-01 Seville, Spain surrenders to French
  • 1810-07-04 French troops occupy Amsterdam
  • 1810-07-09 Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire
  • 1810-08-09 Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.
  • 1810-08-21 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France, is elected Crown Prince of Sweden by the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates.
  • 1811-03-01 French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
  • 1811-05-16 Peninsular War: Allies defeat French at Albuera
  • 1811-10-06 French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte visits Utrecht
  • 1812-04-05 British storm Badajoz fortress in Extremadura, Spain, held by French & Spanish
  • 1812-07-22 Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain
  • 1812-09-15 French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow
  • 1812-12-12 French invasion of Russia comes to an end.
  • 1812-12-14 The French Invasion of Russia, led by Napoleon, officially ends
  • 1813-01-22 Americans capture Frenchtown, Michigan Territory
  • 1813-08-23 Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French
  • 1813-08-30 Battle of Kulm: French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
  • 1814-01-29 War of the Sixth Coalition: Russia and Prussia are defeated by France in the Battle of Brienne
  • 1814-02-10 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Champaubert, the French beat the Russians
  • 1814-02-17 Battle of Mormant: French Imperial army defeat Russian Austrian forces (War of the Sixth Coalition)
  • 1814-02-18 The Battle of Montereau; victory of French under Napoleon Bonaparte against Austrians and Württembergers under the King of Württemberg.
  • 1814-03-07 Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne
  • 1814-05-04 Bourbon reign restored in France
  • 1814-05-17 Occupation of Monaco changes from French to Austrian
  • 1814-05-30 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition - the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
  • 1814-11-01 Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars.
  • 1815-01-03 France, the United Kingdom, and Austria form an alliance against Russia and Prussia
  • 1815-02-26 Napoleon Bonaparte and his supporters leave Elba to start a 100 day re-conquest of France
  • 1815-06-01 Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France
  • 1815-06-16 Battle at Ligny: French army under Napoleon beats Prussia
  • 1815-06-16 Battle at Quatre-Bras: allies strike French
  • 1815-06-18 Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815-07-09 King Louis XVIII leaves Ghent for France

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815-07-09 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord takes office as the first Prime Minister of France

Politician and Diplomat Talleyrand
Politician and Diplomat
  • 1815-09-26 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord resigns as Prime Minister of France
  • 1815-11-20 2nd Treaty of Paris: France & her allies agree France pay indemnities after Battle of Waterloo, ending Napoleonic Wars
  • 1816-01-12 France decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever
  • 1816-02-27 Dutch regain Suriname from the French after the defeat of Napoleon
  • 1816-07-01 French frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of Géricault's painting "Raft of the Medusa"
  • 1816-07-03 French frigate "Medusa" runs aground off Cap Blanc. Gross incompetence kills 150 in calm seas
  • 1816-07-19 Survivors of French frigate Medusa rescued off Senegal after 17 days
  • 1818-09-30 Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France & England
  • 1818-10-09 Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • 1820-09-25 French Physicist Francois Arago announces electromagnetism in his discovery that a copper wire between the poles of a voltaic cell could laterally attract iron filings to itself
  • 1821-08-19 Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII
  • 1822-03-31 Massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, (later depicted by artist Eugène Delacroix)
  • 1822-05-03 Society for the Propagation of the Faith founded in Lyon, France
  • 1822-09-27 French scholar Jean-François Champollion announces that he has deciphered the Rosetta stone
  • 1825-05-20 Charles X becomes King of France

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 801 - 900 of 2,769

  • 1797-04-18 Louis-Adolphe Thiers, president of France
  • 1797-07-17 Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter (d. 1856)
  • 1798-04-17 Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician, born in Lons-le-Saunier, France (d. 1840)
  • 1798-04-26 Ferdinand Eugene Delacroix, French painter/lithograph/etcher (Journal)
  • 1798-08-21 Jules Michelet, French historian (History of France, L'Amour), born in Paris (d. 1874)
  • 1798-09-25 Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, French mine engineer and geologist, born in Canon, Calvados, France (d. 1874)
  • 1798-10-07 Jean B Vuillaume, French violin maker (octobas)
  • 1798-12-04 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (d. 1881)
  • 1799-02-11 Basil Moreau, French Founder priest (d. 1873)
  • 1799-02-26 Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (d. 1864)
  • 1799-04-22 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physiologist (blood pressure), born in Paris (d. 1869)
  • 1799-05-20 Honoré de Balzac, French novelist (La Comédie Humaine), born in Tours, Indre-et-Loire, France (d. 1850)
  • 1799-08-11 Joachim de Barrande, French paleontologist/geologist
  • 1799-09-19 René Caillé, French explorer (d. 1838)
  • 1800-03-25 Paulin Paris, French historian
  • 1800-05-05 Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette), born in Rethel, Ardennes, France (d. 1864)
  • 1800-12-03 France Preseren, Slovenian poet (Krst pri Savici)
  • 1801-02-01 Émile Littré, French lexicographer (d. 1881)
  • 1801-04-11 Claude Tillier, French journalist and writer (My Uncle Benjamin), born in Clamecy, Nièvre, France (d. 1844)
  • 1801-05-11 Henri Labrouste, French architect (d. 1875)
  • 1801-08-28 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), born in Gray, France (d. 1877)
  • 1801-10-06 Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman, born in Saint-Omer, France (d. 1888)
  • 1802-02-02 Jean-Baptiste JD Boussingault, French chemist

Person of interestVictor Hugo

1802-02-26 Victor Hugo, French author (Hunchback of Notre Dame, Les Miserables), born in Besançon, France (d. 1885)

Author Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo
  • 1802-04-12 Francis Libermann, French religious leader (Congregation of Heart), born in Saverne, France (d. 1852)

Person of interestAlexandre Dumas

1802-07-24 Alexandre Dumas, French author (The Three Musketeers, The Count of Monte Cristo), born in Aisne, France (d. 1870)

  • 1802-09-06 Alcide d'Orbigny, French naturalist, born in Couëron, France (d. 1857)
  • 1802-09-24 Adolphe d'Archiac, French paleontologist and geologist (d. 1868)
  • 1803-04-07 Flora Tristan, French writer and social activist, born in Paris (d. 1844)
  • 1803-05-24 Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French prince of Canino and Musignano, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1803-06-10 Henry Darcy, French scientist (d. 1858)
  • 1803-07-12 Peter Chanel, French priest and saint (d. 1841)
  • 1803-09-28 Prosper Mérimée, French author (d. 1870)
  • 1803-09-29 Charles-Francois Sturm, French mathematician (Sturm's Theorem)
  • 1803-12-11 Hector Berlioz, French composer (d. 1869)
  • 1804-01-13 Paul Gavarni, French caricaturist (d. 1866)
  • 1804-01-20 Eugène Sue, French novelist (d. 1857)
  • 1804-07-01 George Sand [Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dudevant], French (female) novelist (Valentine, Le Figaro)
  • 1804-07-22 Victor Schoelcher, French writer (abolitionism), born in Paris (d. 1893)
  • 1804-09-14 Louis Desiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate (d. 1882)
  • 1804-10-03 Allan Kardec, French founder of Spiritism (d. 1869)
  • 1804-12-23 Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French critic/writer (Informal Talk)
  • 1805-02-01 Auguste Blanqui, French revolutionary (workers' leader)
  • 1805-07-29 Alexis de Tocqueville, French statesman/writer (Democracy in America)
  • 1805-11-19 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat (built Suez Canal)

Person of interestJean Eugène Robert-Houdin

1805-12-06 Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin, French magician and father of modern magic, born in Blois, France (d. 1861)

  • 1805-12-31 Marie-C-S de Flavigny Agoult, [Daniel Stern], French author (Knife)
  • 1806-09-05 Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general, born in Nantes, France (d. 1865)
  • 1806-12-09 Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote (d. 1838)

Person of interestGiuseppe Garibaldi

1807-07-04 Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian general and nationalist (Risorgimento) who helped unify Italy, born in Nice, First French Empire (d. 1882)

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1807-10-04 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, French Canadian politician, prime minister of the Province of Canada (d. 1864)
  • 1807-10-21 Napoléon Henri Reber, French composer, born in Mulhouse, Alsace (d. 1880)
  • 1808-02-20 Daumier, Marseilles France, artist
  • 1808-02-26 Honoré Daumier, French painter, illustrator, and sculptor (d. 1879)
  • 1808-03-24 Maria Malibran, Spanish-French singer (d. 1836)
  • 1808-04-20 Napoleon III, Emperor of France (1852-70), born in Paris (d. 1873)
  • 1808-05-17 Charles-Louis-Adolphe Vogel, French composer (Les trois couleurs), (d.1892)
  • 1808-05-22 Gérard de Nerval [Gérard Labrunie], French writer, born in Paris (d. 1855)
  • 1808-11-02 Jules-Amédée Barbey d’Aurevilly, French writer and critic, born in Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, France (d. 1889)
  • 1808-12-04 Ernest Panckoucke, French publisher (Horatius)

Person of interestLouis Braille

1809-01-04 Louis Braille, French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for the blind, born in Coupvray, France (d. 1852)

Braille Inventor Louis Braille
Braille Inventor
Louis Braille
  • 1809-01-15 Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French politician (libertarian socialist)
  • 1809-03-24 Joseph Liouville, French discover of transcendental numbers
  • 1809-03-27 Georges Eugene, Baron Haussmann, French administrator and architect, born in Paris (d. 1891)
  • 1809-06-15 François-Xavier Garneau, French-Canadian poet and historian (d. 1866)
  • 1809-06-27 Francois de Canrobert, French marshal/parliament member
  • 1810-01-03 Antoine T. d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1897)
  • 1810-02-11 Loisa Puget, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1889)

Person of interestFrederic Chopin

1810-03-01 Frederic Chopin, Polish/French pianist and composer (Concert in F Minor), born in Żelazowa Wola, Duchy of Warsaw (d. 1849) (baptismal records 22nd Feb)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Frederic Chopin
  • 1810-07-21 Henri V. Regnault, French physicist and chemist, born in Aachen (d. 1878)
  • 1810-10-04 Alexander Walewski, French earl/foreign minister/Napoleon I's son
  • 1810-12-11 Alfred de Musset, writer (Un Caprice, Bettine), born in Paris, France
  • 1811-08-05 Ambroise Thomas, French opera composer (d. 1896)
  • 1811-10-25 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (Group theory), born in Bourg-la-Reine, France (d. 1832)
  • 1811-12-02 Jean-Charles Chapais, French Canadian politician, Father of the Canadian Confederation (d. 1885)
  • 1812-01-13 Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (d. 1883)
  • 1812-04-02 Louise of Orléans, Daughter of King Louis XV and Queen of Belgium, dies at 38
  • 1812-05-23 Henri A Esquiros, French poet/writer (Les Vierges Folles)
  • 1812-06-12 Edmond Hébert, French geologist, born in Villefargau, Yonne, France (d. 1890)
  • 1812-11-09 Paul Abadie, French master builder (renovated Notre Dame), born in Paris (d. 1884)
  • 1813-01-04 Louis L Bonaparte, English/French linguist/senator
  • 1813-04-23 Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar and founder of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1853)
  • 1813-08-15 Jules Grévy, 2nd President of the French Third Republic, born in Mont-sous-Vaudrey, France (d. 1891)
  • 1813-11-30 Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (d. 1890)
  • 1814-01-27 Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (d. 1879)
  • 1814-01-30 Jean-Baptist Capronnier, French-Belgian glass painter, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1891)
  • 1814-02-26 Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (d. 1876)
  • 1814-04-19 Louis Amédée Achard, French novelist (d. 1875)
  • 1814-06-25 Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist (d. 1896)
  • 1814-09-08 Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian (d. 1874)
  • 1814-10-25 Prince Louis, French Duke of Nemours, born in Palais Royal, Paris (d. 1896)
  • 1815-01-01 Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neocriticism)
  • 1815-01-13 William Henry French, American Major General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1881)
  • 1815-02-21 Ernest Meissonier, French painter/sculptor
  • 1815-03-28 Arsène Houssaye, French novelist and poet, born in Bruyères, France (d. 1896)
  • 1815-05-05 Eugène Marin Labiche, French playwright (The Italian Straw Hat), born in Paris (d. 1888)
  • 1815-05-08 Jean-Delphin Alard, French violinist and composer, born in Bayonne, France (d. 1888)
  • 1815-07-24 Arnaud-Michel d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1893)
  • 1815-10-13 Jules Quicherat, French historian/archaeologist
  • 1815-12-21 Thomas Couture, French painter/author

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 801 - 900 of 2,233

  • 1799-08-31 Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (b. 1720)
  • 1799-09-07 Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist (b. 1717)
  • 1799-12-18 Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician, dies at 74
  • 1799-12-31 Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and writer (b. 1723)
  • 1800-01-01 Louis J M Daubenton, French zoologist, dies at 83
  • 1800-01-09 Jean Étienne Championnet, French general (b. 1762)
  • 1800-03-29 Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer (b. 1714)
  • 1800-05-19 French Bosbeeck, veterinarian/robber, hanged
  • 1800-06-14 Louis Charles Antoine Desaix, French military leader (b. 1768)
  • 1800-06-14 Jean-Baptiste Kléber, French general, dies at 47
  • 1801-04-07 Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer, dies at 76
  • 1801-08-24 Jacques-Denis Antoine, French builder (La Monnaie Paris), dies at 68
  • 1801-10-03 Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur, Marshal of France (b. 1724)
  • 1801-11-28 Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (b. 1750)
  • 1802-01-14 Marie Allard, French ballerina, dies at 59
  • 1802-11-16 André Michaux, French botanist, dies at 56
  • 1803-02-09 Jean François de Saint-Lambert, French poet (b. 1716)
  • 1803-02-20 Marie Dumesnil, French actress (Iphigénie en Aulide), dies at 90
  • 1803-09-16 Nicolas Baudin, French explorer (b. 1754)
  • 1804-03-30 Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (b. 1718)
  • 1804-04-15 Charles Pichegru, French general (strangled in prison) (b. 1761)
  • 1804-10-02 Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French inventor who designed & built 1st automobile, dies at 79
  • 1804-11-02 Armand-Gaston Camus, French Chairman of Council of 500, dies at 64
  • 1805-01-17 Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron, French interpreter, dies at 73
  • 1805-01-23 Claude Chappe, French telecommunications pioneer (b. 1763)
  • 1805-03-04 Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter, dies at 79
  • 1805-06-19 Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée, French painter (b. 1724)
  • 1805-11-08 Francois-Thomas de Baculard d'Arnaud, French writer, dies at 87
  • 1806-04-13 Jean-Jacques Bachelier, French painter, dies at about 82
  • 1806-04-22 Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (stabbed) (b. 1763)
  • 1806-06-23 Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist (b. 1723)
  • 1806-08-22 Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter (The Swing), dies at 74
  • 1807-01-05 Michel Adanson, French biologist (Plant classes), dies at 79
  • 1807-04-04 Joseph Jerome Le Francais de Lalande, French astronomer, dies

Person of interestComte de Rochambeau

1807-05-10 Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, Comte de Rochambeau, French military leader (commander of the French Expeditionary Force that assisted the Thirteen Colonies), dies at 81

Military Leader Comte de Rochambeau
Military Leader
Comte de Rochambeau
  • 1807-08-16 Claude C Saunier, French furniture maker, dies at about 72
  • 1807-11-02 Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (b. 1730)
  • 1807-11-23 Jean-François Rewbell, French lawyer and politician, dies at 60
  • 1808-05-05 Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist, dies at 50
  • 1808-08-13 Henri Hardouin, French composer, dies at 81
  • 1808-09-06 Louis-Pierre Anquetil, French historian (b. 1723)
  • 1809-03-27 Joseph M Vien, French court painter and etcher, dies at 92
  • 1809-05-08 Augustin Pajou, French sculptor (Bachante), dies at 78
  • 1809-05-31 Jean Lannes, French marshal (b. 1769)
  • 1809-07-03 Joseph Quesnel, French-Canadian composer and playwright (b. 1746)
  • 1809-07-06 Antoine Charles Louis Lasalle, French cavalry general (b. 1775)
  • 1809-12-16 Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, French chemist (b. 1755)
  • 1810-01-28 Andrew Hofer, Tyrolian rebel against French & Bavarians, shot dead
  • 1810-02-20 Andreas Hofer, milt leader (fought Napoleon's France), executed at 42
  • 1810-05-21 Charles GLAAT chevalier d'Eon de Beaumont, French spy, dies at 81
  • 1810-06-26 Joseph Michel Montgolfier, French inventor (b. 1740)
  • 1810-08-12 Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist, dies at 84
  • 1810-10-19 Jean-Georges Noverre, French choreographer (ballet d'action), dies
  • 1811-01-10 Marie-Joseph Chénier, French poet (b. 1764)
  • 1811-08-20 Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer (b. 1729)
  • 1812-02-24 Etienne-Louis Malus, French physicist and mathematician (b. 1775)
  • 1813-01-06 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general (b. 1764)
  • 1813-05-01 Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French marshal (killed in combat) (b. 1768)
  • 1813-05-23 Geraud Duroc, French general (b. 1772)
  • 1813-06-06 Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect
  • 1813-07-29 Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (b. 1771)
  • 1813-09-02 Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general, mortally wounded in battle at 50
  • 1813-10-05 Etienne Ozi, French composer, dies at 58
  • 1813-10-19 Josef Poniatovski, Polish gen/marshal of France, dies in battle
  • 1814-01-21 Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, French writer and botanist (b. 1737)
  • 1814-03-26 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician and freemason who proposed and became the namesake of the guillotine, dies of natural causes at 75
  • 1814-04-01 Jozef de Ferraris, French-Austrian general and cartographer, dies at 87
  • 1814-05-29 Joséphine de Beauharnais, first wife of Napoleon I and first Empress of France (1804-14), dies of pneumonia aged 50
  • 1814-06-15 Charles Palissot de Montenoy, French writer/politician, dies at 84

Person of interestMarquis de Sade

1814-12-02 Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine), dies at 74. The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name.

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1815-06-01 Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (b. 1853)
  • 1815-06-18 Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, French general (b. 1766)
  • 1815-08-02 Guillaume Brune, French marshal, dies at 52
  • 1815-09-28 Nicolas Desmarest, French geographer (Volcanos), dies at 90
  • 1815-10-13 Joachim Murat, marshal of France/King of Naples (1808-15), executed
  • 1815-12-07 Michel Ney, French marshal (Waterloo), murdered at 46
  • 1816-06-12 Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (b. 1757)
  • 1816-07-03 Dorothy Jordan, Irish-English actress, courtesan, mistress of future King William IV of the United Kingdom, dies at 65
  • 1817-04-04 André Masséna, Duke of Rivoli, Prince d'Essing and Marshal of France (b. 1758)
  • 1817-08-07 Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours, French industrialist (b. 1739)
  • 1817-10-18 Etienne-Nicolas Méhul, French composer (b. 1763)
  • 1818-07-28 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (b. 1746)
  • 1819-07-24 Sophie Gail, French singer and composer, dies at 43
  • 1821-02-23 Marie-Anne Collot, French sculptor, dies

Person of interestNapoléon Bonaparte

1821-05-05 Napoleon Bonaparte, French military leader and Emperor of the French (1804-14, 1815), dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena, officially from stomach cancer but rumours of arsenic poisoning persist

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1821-05-19 Camille Jordan, French politician (b. 1771)
  • 1822-05-17 Armand-Emmanuel, Duc de Richelieu, Prime Minister of France (1815-18, 1820-21), dies at 55

Person of interestJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre

1822-08-19 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer, dies at 72

Mathematician/Astronomer Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
  • 1822-11-06 Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (b. 1748)
  • 1823-02-16 Pierre-Paul Prud'hon, French Romantic painter and draughtsman - allegorical paintings and portraits, dies at 64
  • 1823-03-14 Charles François Dumouriez, French general (b. 1739)
  • 1823-04-07 Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles, French inventor and balloonist who (with Nicholas Robert) was the first to take flight in a hydrogen balloon, dies at 76
  • 1823-06-01 Louis Nicholas Davout, French fieldmarshal, dies at 53
  • 1823-08-02 Lazare Carnot, French politician, engineer and mathematician known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, dies at 70
  • 1823-09-17 Abraham L Breguet, French clock maker, dies at 76
  • 1824-01-26 Théodore Géricault, French painter (b. 1791)
  • 1824-05-04 Joseph Joubert, French essayist and moralist (b. 1754)
  • 1824-06-16 Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (b. 1739)
  • 1824-06-21 Étienne Aignan, French writer, dies at 51
  • 1824-09-12 Louis AG baron de Bacler d'Albe, French cartographer, dies at 62