French History (Part 9)

Historical Events

Events 801 - 900 of 2,319

  • 1800-03-20 French army defeats Turks at Helipolis & advance to Cairo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1800-05-15 Pope Pius VII calls on French bishops to return to Gospel principles

Bishop of Imola and Pope Pius VII
Bishop of Imola and Pope
Pius VII
  • 1800-09-05 Malta surrenders to British after they blockade French troops
  • 1800-10-01 Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty
  • 1801-02-09 France & Austria sign Peace of Luneville
  • 1801-03-08 British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt
  • 1801-07-06 Battle at Algeciras: French fleet beats British
  • 1801-07-11 French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet
  • 1801-07-12 Second Battle of Algeciras: British fleet beats French and Spanish (six days after losing the 1st Battle of Algeciras)
  • 1801-10-01 Britain & France sign Preliminary of London
  • 1802-03-25 Great Britain and the French Republic sign the Treaty of Amiens
  • 1802-04-08 French Protestant church becomes state-supported & -controlled
  • 1802-05-19 French Order of Legion d'Honneur forms
  • 1802-06-04 Grieving over the death of his wife, Marie Clotilde of France, King Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia abdicates his throne in favor of his brother, Victor Emmanuel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1802-06-15 Toussaint Louverture leaves Haiti, prisoner on French ship Héros

General and Revolutionary Toussaint Louverture
General and Revolutionary
Toussaint Louverture
  • 1802-08-25 Toussaint Louverture imprisoned in Fort de Joux, Jura, France

  • 1802-09-11 France annexes the Kingdom of Piedmont.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1803-01-12 US Senate approves Thomas Jefferson's nomination of James Monroe and Robert Livingstone to negotiate purchase of New Orleans from France

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1803-02-04 William Dunlap adapts French melodrama "Voice of Nature"
  • 1803-04-01 French law rules the use of intention
  • 1803-04-26 Meteorites fall in L'Aigle, France
  • 1803-05-17 John Hawkins & Richard French patent the Reaping Machine
  • 1803-05-18 "Peace of Amiens" between French Republic and Great Britain ends as Britain declares war on France, due to France's imperialist policies in the West Indies, Italy, and Switzerland
  • 1803-07-05 The convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1803-08-09 Robert Fulton tests his steam paddle-boat on the River Seine, France, but it sinks

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • 1803-11-18 Battle of Vertieres; Haitian population inflict final defeat on French force attempting to quell slave rebellion on colony of Saint-Dominque
  • 1803-11-30 Spain cedes her claims to Louisiana Territory to France
  • 1803-12-20 French flag lowered in New Orleans to mark the formal transfer of the Louisiana Purchase from France to USA for $27M
  • 1804-01-01 Haiti gains independence from France (National Day), making it the only state ever founded by former slaves and without slavery
  • 1804-03-21 Napoleonic Code adopted in France, stresses clearly written and accessible law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804-05-18 Napoleon Bonaparte proclaimed Emperor of France by the French Senate

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1804-08-03 Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt lands at Bordeaux, France completing his 5 year expedition to Latin America

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • 1804-10-02 Britain mobilizes to protect against French invasion

Royal CoronationCoronation of Napoleon Bonaparte

1804-12-02 General Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned Emperor of the French at the Notre Dame de Paris in a ceremony officiated by Pope Pius VII

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Napoleon is crowned Emperor of the French at Notre-Dam on December 2, 1804, painting by Jacques-Louis David
Napoleon is crowned Emperor of the French at Notre-Dam on December 2, 1804, painting by Jacques-Louis David
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  • 1805-10-14 Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1805-10-21 Battle of Trafalgar: British Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats combined French and Spanish fleet. Nelson shot and killed during battle.

  • 1805-11-11 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein - 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.
  • 1805-11-16 Battle at Schongrabern: Russian army stop French
  • 1805-12-26 France & Austria signs Peace of Pressburg
  • 1805-12-31 End of French Republican calendar; France returns to Gregorianism
  • 1806-01-08 Battle of Blaauwberg: British forces attack French vassal, the Batavian Republic near Cape Town, modern day South Africa
  • 1806-01-12 French evacuate Vienna
  • 1806-01-19 United Kingdom re-occupies the Cape of Good Hope following victory in the Battle of Blaauwberg over French vassal, the Batavian Republic. Establishes British rule in South Africa.
  • 1806-10-08 British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
  • 1806-10-09 Prussia declares war on France
  • 1806-10-14 Battle of Auerstadt-French beat Prussians
  • 1806-10-27 The French Army enters in Berlin
  • 1807-06-14 Emperor Napoleon I's French Grande Armee defeats the Russian Army at the Battle of Friedland in Prussia (modern Russian Kaliningrad Oblast) ending War of the Fourth Coalition

Treaty of InterestNapoleon Meets the Tsar

1807-07-07 First Treaty of Tilsit signed by Napoleon I of France, and Alexander I of Russia

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Napoleon Bonaparte meets Alexander I of Russia aboard a raft in the Neman River to sign a peace treaty
Napoleon Bonaparte meets Alexander I of Russia aboard a raft in the Neman River to sign a peace treaty
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  • 1807-07-09 Second Treaty of Tilsit signed by France, Russia and Prussia
  • 1807-12-17 France issues the Milan Decree, which confirms the Continental System.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807-12-22 US Congress passes Embargo Act and President Thomas Jefferson signs into law. Prohibits American ships from trading in foreign ports, as result of involvement in hostilities between France and Britain

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1808-03-31 French created Kingdom of Westphalia orders Jews to adopt family names
  • 1808-04-09 Mayor Wolters offers French King Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
  • 1808-04-17 Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships
  • 1808-05-02 Uprising against French occupation begins in Madrid

  • 1808-05-30 Napoleon Bonaparte annexes Tuscany & gave it seats in French Senate
  • 1808-07-15 French marshal Joachim Murat becomes king of Naples
  • 1808-07-20 Napoleon decrees all French Jews adopt family names

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1808-08-21 Battle of Vimeiro: British and Portuguese forces led by General Arthur Wellesley defeat French force under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot near the village of Vimeiro, Portugal, the first Anglo-Portuguese victory of the Peninsular War.

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • 1809-01-05 Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France
  • 1809-01-12 British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • 1809-01-16 Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
  • 1809-02-08 Franz I of Austria declares war on France
  • 1809-02-13 French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
  • 1809-03-28 Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin
  • 1809-04-20 Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • 1809-05-02 Dartmoor Prison in England opens to house French prisoners of war
  • 1809-05-17 Papal States annexed by France
  • 1809-07-27 Battle of Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
  • 1810-02-01 Seville, Spain surrenders to the French without a fight
  • 1810-07-04 French troops occupy Amsterdam
  • 1810-07-09 Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire
  • 1810-08-09 Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.
  • 1810-08-21 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France, is elected Crown Prince of Sweden by the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates.
  • 1811-03-01 French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel

  • 1811-05-16 Peninsular War: Allies defeat French at Albuera
  • 1811-10-06 French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte visits Utrecht
  • 1812-04-05 British storm Badajoz fortress in Extremadura, Spain, held by French & Spanish
  • 1812-07-22 Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain
  • 1812-09-15 French army under Napoleon Bonaparte reaches the Kremlin in Moscow
  • 1812-12-14 The French invasion of Russia, led by Napoleon Bonaparte, officially ends with the French having lost as many as 530,000 people
  • 1813-01-22 Americans capture Frenchtown, Michigan Territory
  • 1813-08-23 Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French
  • 1813-08-30 Battle of Kulm: French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
  • 1814-01-29 War of the Sixth Coalition: Russia and Prussia are defeated by France in the Battle of Brienne
  • 1814-02-10 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Champaubert, the French beat the Russians
  • 1814-02-17 Battle of Mormant: French Imperial army defeat Russian Austrian forces (War of the Sixth Coalition)
  • 1814-02-18 The Battle of Montereau; victory of French under Napoleon Bonaparte against Austrians and Württembergers under the King of Württemberg.
  • 1814-03-07 Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne against combined Russian and Prussian force in northern France
  • 1814-05-04 Bourbon reign restored in France
  • 1814-05-17 Occupation of Monaco changes from French to Austrian
  • 1814-05-30 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition - the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
  • 1814-11-01 Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars
  • 1815-01-03 France, the United Kingdom, and Austria form an alliance against Russia and Prussia
  • 1815-02-26 Napoleon Bonaparte and his supporters leave Elba to start a 100 day re-conquest of France
  • 1815-06-01 Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France
  • 1815-06-16 Battle at Ligny: French army under Napoleon beats Prussia
  • 1815-06-16 Battle at Quatre-Bras: allies strike French

Battle of InterestBattle of Waterloo

1815-06-18 Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher

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'Wellington at Waterloo', by Robert Alexander Hillingford, depicting Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, during the final confrontation against Napoleon
'Wellington at Waterloo', by Robert Alexander Hillingford, depicting Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, during the final confrontation against Napoleon
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Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 801 - 900 of 2,973

  • 1772-08-30 Henri de La Rochejacquelin, French Royalist Army leader, born in Mauléon, Kingdom of France (d. 1794)
  • 1772-09-18 Martin-Pierre Dalvimare, French musician and composer, born in Dreux, France (d. 1839)
  • 1772-10-04 François-Louis Perne, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1832)
  • 1773-03-28 Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general and engineer, born in Châteauroux, France (d. 1844)
  • 1773-04-09 Étienne Aignan, French writer, born in Beaugency, France (d. 1824
  • 1773-08-22 Aimé Bonpland, French explorer and botanist, born in La Rochelle, France (birth date disputed) (d. 1858)
  • 1773-10-06 Louis-Philippe, King of France (1830-48), born in Palais Royal, Paris (d. 1850)
  • 1774-01-01 André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (d. 1860)
  • 1774-02-16 Pierre Rode, French composer and violinist, born in Bordeaux, Aquitaine (d. 1830)
  • 1774-04-21 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (Biot-Savart law), born in Paris (d. 1862)
  • 1774-06-24 François-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo, French Army general, born in Lunéville, France (d. 1838)
  • 1774-07-20 Auguste Marmont, French marshal, born in Châtillon-sur-Seine, France (d. 1852)
  • 1775-01-20 André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (d. 1836)
  • 1775-04-11 Charles-Francois Dumonchau, French pianist and composer, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1820)
  • 1775-07-23 Étienne-Louis Malus, French physicist (Polarization of light), born in Paris (d. 1812)
  • 1775-07-24 Eugène François Vidocq, French criminal and police detective, born in Arras, France (d. 1857)
  • 1775-08-06 Louis Antoine, French Duke of Angoulême and General of France, born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1844)
  • 1775-08-28 Sophie Gail, French singer and composer, born in Paris (d. 1819)
  • 1775-08-31 Francois de Paule Jacques Raymond de Fossa, French classical guitarist and composer, born in Perpignan, France (d. 1849)
  • 1775-12-06 Nicolas Isouard, French composer, born in Porto Salvo, Valletta, Malta (d. 1818)

Person of interestSophie Germain

1776-04-01 Sophie Germain, French mathematician, born in Paris, France (d. 1831)

Mathematician Sophie Germain
Sophie Germain
  • 1777-01-03 Louis Poinsot, French instrument worker
  • 1777-03-31 Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (d. 1859)
  • 1777-12-04 Juliette Récamier, French socialite, born in Lyon, Kingdom of France (d. 1849)
  • 1778-01-24 Charles F, duke of Berry/son of French King Charles X
  • 1778-09-03 Jean Nicolas Auguste Kreutzer, French violinist and composer, born in Versailles, France (d. 1832)
  • 1778-09-04 Louis Napoléon Bonaparte, French King of Netherlands (1806-10), born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Kingdom of France (d. 1846)
  • 1778-12-06 Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French physicist and chemist, born in Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat, Kingdom of France (d. 1850)
  • 1779-01-15 Jean Coralli, French ballet producer & choreographer, born in Paris, France
  • 1779-08-07 Louis de Freycinet, French explorer and navigator (published the first map to show a full outline of the coastline of Australia in 1811), born in Montélimar, Drôme (d. 1842)
  • 1779-10-10 Antoine Philippe Vischer, comte de Celles, Belgian-French politician, born in Brussels (d. 1841)
  • 1779-11-27 Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general and statesman, born in Paris (d. 1865)
  • 1779-12-12 Madeleine Sophie Barat, French saint and founder of the Society of the Sacred Heart, born in Joigny, Burgundy, France (d. 1865)
  • 1779-12-19 Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers, engraver, born in Paris, France
  • 1780-04-29 Charles Nodier, French writer (History du chien the Brisquet), born in Besançon, France (d. 1844)
  • 1780-08-19 Pierre-Jean de Béranger, French poet and songwriter, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1780-08-29 Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, French painter (Valpincon Bather), born in Montauban, France (d. 1867)
  • 1780-09-28 Élie, Duke Decazes, French Bourbon Restoration politician (4th Prime Minister of France), born in Sainte-Martin-de-Laye, France (d. 1860)
  • 1780-12-23 Charles-Louis Panckoucke, French publisher and editor (Bibliothèque latine-française) (d. 1844)
  • 1781-01-30 Adelbert von Chamisso, French writer (Peter Schlemihl), born in Champagne (d. 1838)
  • 1781-02-17 René Laënnec, French physician who invented the stethoscope, born in Quimper, France (d. 1826)
  • 1781-03-18 Gustave Vogt, French composer, born in Strasbourg (d. 1870)
  • 1781-05-24 Louis François Dauprat, French composer and horn player, born in Paris (d. 1868)
  • 1781-06-21 Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (the Poisson distribution), born in Pithiviers, France (d. 1840)
  • 1782-01-29 Daniel François Esprit Auber, French opera composer (Fra Diavolo), born in Caen, Normandy, France (d. 1871)
  • 1782-06-10 Amable-Guillaume-Prosper Brugière, French politician and historian, born in Riom, Puy-de-Dôme, France (d. 1866)
  • 1782-06-19 Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais, French Catholic priest and writer (L'avenir), born in Saint-Malo, Brittany, France (d. 1854)
  • 1783-01-23 Stendhal [Marie Henri Beyle], French writer (Le Rouge et de Noir, a Chartreuse de Parme), born in Grenoble, France (d. 1842)
  • 1783-04-10 Hortense de Beauharnais, French Queen of Holland (1806-10), born in Paris (d. 1837)
  • 1783-12-19 Charles-Julien Brianchon, French mathematician (Brianchon's theorem)
  • 1784-07-27 George Onslow, English-French composer (chamber music), born in Clermont-Ferrand, France (d. 1853)
  • 1784-10-15 Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly, born in Limoges, France (d. 1849)
  • 1785-02-12 Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist (d. 1838)
  • 1785-02-22 Jean Charles Athanase Peltier, Ham, French Physicist (Peltier effect 1834)
  • 1785-03-27 Louis XVII Charles, King of France (1793-95), born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1795)
  • 1785-11-02 Frederich Kalkbrenner, German-French pianist and composer, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1849)
  • 1785-11-28 Victor de Broglie, 3rd Duke of Broglie, 14th Prime Minister of France (1835-36), born in Paris (d. 1870)
  • 1786-01-23 Auguste de Montferrand, French architect, born in Trocadéro, Paris (d. 1858)
  • 1786-02-02 Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (d. 1856)
  • 1786-02-28 François Arago, French astronomer, physicist and politician, born in Estagel, France (d. 1853)
  • 1786-05-08 Jean Vianney, French Catholic priest, born in Dardilly, Lyonnais, Kingdom of France (d. 1859)
  • 1786-06-20 Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, French poet (Bouquets et prières), born in Douai, France (d. 1859)
  • 1786-07-09 Sophie Hélène Béatrix, Princess of France, daughter of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette, born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1787)
  • 1786-07-24 Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, born in Cluses, Savoy, France (d. 1843)
  • 1787-06-04 Constant Prévost, French geologist, born in Paris (d. 1856)
  • 1787-09-05 François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist, born in Paris (d. 1850)
  • 1787-10-04 François Guizot, French historian and politician (17th Prime Minister of France), born in Nîmes, France (d. 1874)

Person of interestLouis-Jacques Daguerre

1787-11-18 Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (daguerreotype), born in Cormeilles-en-Parisis, France (d. 1851)

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • 1788-03-07 Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist who pioneered the study of electric and luminescent phenomena, born in Châtillon-Coligny, France (d. 1878)
  • 1788-03-12 Pierre J David [David d'Angers], French sculptor
  • 1788-09-10 Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes, French archaeologist (discovered flint tools in the gravels of the Somme valley), born in Rethel, Ardennes, France (d. 1868)
  • 1789-06-30 Horace Vernet, French painter of battles and Orientalist subjects, born in Paris (d. 1863)
  • 1789-08-21 Augustin-Louis Cauchy, French mathematician and physicist, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1789-08-28 Stéphanie de Beauharnais, Grand Duchess of Baden, born in Versailles, France (d. 1860)
  • 1790-05-23 Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer and naval officer, born in Condé-sur-Noireau, France (d. 1842)
  • 1790-10-21 Alphonse-Marie Louis de Lamartine, Macon France, writer (René)
  • 1791-06-30 Félix Savart, French surgeon and physicist (law of Biot & Savart), born in Mézières, France (d. 1841)
  • 1791-09-26 Théodore Géricault, French painter (The Raft of the Medusa), born in Rouen, Normandy, France (d. 1824)
  • 1791-12-24 Eugène Scribe, French dramatist (Bertrand et Raton), born in Paris, France (d. 1861)
  • 1792-05-21 Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French scientist ( Coriolis effect), born in Paris, France (d. 1843)
  • 1792-09-05 Alexis-Charles-Maximilien Thibault, French composer, born in Nantes, France (d. 1853)
  • 1792-09-05 Pierre-Armand Dufrénoy, French geologist and mineralogist, born in Sevran, France (d. 1857)
  • 1792-11-28 Victor Cousin, French philosopher and educational reformer, born in Paris (d. 1867)
  • 1792-12-20 Nicolas Charlet, French painter, born in Paris, France (d. 1845)
  • 1793-09-28 Denis-Auguste Affre, Archbishop of Paris (1840-48) and opponent of King Louis-Philippe, born in Saint-Rome-de-Tarn, Aveyron, France (d. 1848)
  • 1793-11-15 Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), born in Épernon, France (d. 1880)
  • 1794-01-25 François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist, born in Carpentras, France (d. 1878)
  • 1794-03-05 Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer
  • 1794-04-15 Jean Pierre Flourens, French physiologist, born in Maureilhan, France (d. 1867)
  • 1794-05-13 Louis-Leopold Robert, French painter (d. 1835)
  • 1795-01-06 Anselme Payen, French chemist, born in Paris, France (d. 1871)
  • 1795-05-13 Gérard Paul Deshayes, French geologist (d. 1875)

Person of interestThomas Carlyle

1795-12-04 Thomas Carlyle, Scottish essayist and historian (The French Revolution), born in Ecclefechan, Scotland (d. 1881)

Historian and Essayist Thomas Carlyle
Historian and Essayist
Thomas Carlyle
  • 1796-02-22 Adolphe Quetelet, Belgian astronomer, mathematician and sociologist (body mass index scale), born in Ghent, French Republic (d. 1874)
  • 1796-02-22 Alexis Bachelot, French missionary (d. 1837)
  • 1796-06-01 Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (d. 1832)
  • 1796-07-16 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • 1796-09-25 Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • 1796-12-09 Prudent-Louis Aubery du Boulley, French composer, born in Verneuil, Eure, France (d. 1869)
  • 1797-03-27 Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny, French musketeer and writer (Moise, Chatterton), born in Loches, France (d. 1863)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 801 - 900 of 2,513

  • 1793-12-20 Joseph Legros, French singer and composer who was the most prominent haute-contres of his generation, dies at 54
  • 1793-12-23 Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (b. 1697)
  • 1794-03-04 Henri de La Rochejacquelin, French Royalist Army leader, dies at 21

MurderMarquis de Condorcet

1794-03-28 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method) and mathematician, is murdered or commits suicide in prison at 50

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet

BattleGeorges Danton

1794-04-05 Georges Danton, French politician and revolutionary (1st president of the Committee of Public Safety during the French Revolution), executed by guillotine at 34

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton
  • 1794-04-13 Nicolas Chamfort, French writer, dies at 53
  • 1794-04-23 Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French lawyer and statesman, executed at 72
  • 1794-05-06 Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier, French composer, dies at 59
  • 1794-05-10 Élisabeth of France, princess of France, youngest sister of king Louis XVI, beheaded at 30
  • 1794-06-20 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (discover the theory of homology in biology), dies at 46
  • 1794-06-27 Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (b. 1715)
  • 1794-07-17 Jean-Frédéric Edelmann, French composer, dies at 45
  • 1794-07-22 Jean-Benjamin de La Borde, French composer, dies at 59
  • 1794-07-25 André Chenier, French poet (Avis aux Francais sur leurs), executed by guillotine during French Revolution at 31
  • 1794-07-28 Georges Couthon, French politician, beheaded at 39

BattleMaximilien Robespierre

1794-07-28 Maximilien Robespierre, French revolutionary (President of the National Convention, Member of Committee of Public Safety), executed by guillotine at 36

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Maximilien Robespierre
  • 1794-09-25 Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1718)
  • 1794-11-03 François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesman, dies at 79
  • 1794-11-17 Jacques François Dugommier, French general, dies at 56
  • 1795-04-30 Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (b. 1716)
  • 1795-06-01 Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist (b. 1744)
  • 1795-06-08 Louis XVII Charles, King of France (1793-95), dies at 10
  • 1795-07-03 Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (b. 1714)
  • 1795-08-31 François-André Danican Philidor, French composer and chess champion, dies at 68
  • 1795-11-15 Charles-Amédée-Philippe van Loo, French painter (b. 1719)
  • 1796-01-01 Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician, dies at 60
  • 1796-03-06 Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer, dies at 82
  • 1796-07-30 Nicolas de Pigage, French classical architect, dies at 72
  • 1796-09-21 François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (b. 1769)
  • 1796-12-30 Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne, French composer, dies at 45
  • 1797-02-11 Antoine Dauvergne, French composer, dies at 83
  • 1797-05-17 Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist (Le Philosophe sans le savoir), dies at 77
  • 1797-05-27 Francois-Noal "Gracchus" Babeuf, French utopian socialist, dies at 36
  • 1797-09-18 Louis-Lazare Hoche, French revolutionary general, dies
  • 1797-11-18 Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder and merchant (b. 1719)
  • 1798-02-25 Louis-Jules Mancini-Mazarini, Duc de Nivernais, French diplomat and writer (b. 1716)
  • 1798-08-01 François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (killed in battle) (b. 1753)
  • 1798-12-19 Charles-Joseph Panckoucke, French publisher (Moniteur Universel), dies at 62
  • 1799-02-04 Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (b. 1728)
  • 1799-02-19 Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor, dies at 65
  • 1799-04-28 Francois Giroust, French composer, dies at 62
  • 1799-05-18 Pierre de Beaumarchais, French polymath & dramatist (The Marriage of Figaro, Barber of Seville), dies at 67
  • 1799-05-31 Pierre Lemonnier, French astronomer (b. 1715)
  • 1799-08-02 Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier, French inventor, dies at 54
  • 1799-08-31 Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (b. 1720)
  • 1799-09-07 Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist and contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, dies at 82
  • 1799-12-18 Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician, dies at 74
  • 1799-12-31 Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and writer, dies at 76
  • 1800-01-01 Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton, French zoologist, dies at 83
  • 1800-01-09 Jean Étienne Championnet, French general (b. 1762)
  • 1800-03-29 Marc René, Marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer, dies at 85
  • 1800-05-19 French Bosbeeck, veterinarian/robber, hanged
  • 1800-06-14 Louis Charles Antoine Desaix, French military leader (b. 1768)
  • 1800-06-14 Jean-Baptiste Kléber, French general, dies at 47
  • 1801-04-07 Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer, dies at 76
  • 1801-08-24 Jacques-Denis Antoine, French builder (La Monnaie Paris), dies at 68
  • 1801-10-03 Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur, Marshal of France (b. 1724)
  • 1801-11-28 Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (b. 1750)
  • 1802-01-14 Marie Allard, French ballerina (Auguste Vestris), dies at 59
  • 1802-11-16 André Michaux, French botanist, dies at 56
  • 1803-02-09 Jean François de Saint-Lambert, French poet (b. 1716)
  • 1803-02-20 Marie Dumesnil, French actress (Iphigénie en Aulide), dies at 90
  • 1803-04-18 Louis François Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician (Du calcul des derivations), dies at 43
  • 1803-09-16 Nicolas Baudin, French explorer (b. 1754)
  • 1804-03-30 Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (b. 1718)

Person of interestJacques Necker

1804-04-09 Jacques Necker, French finance minister of Louis XVI whose decisions contributed to the outbreak of the French Revolution, dies at 71

Finance Minister Jacques Necker
Finance Minister
Jacques Necker
  • 1804-04-15 Charles Pichegru, French army general and royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon, strangles himself in prison at 43
  • 1804-10-02 Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French inventor who designed & built 1st automobile, dies at 79
  • 1804-11-02 Armand-Gaston Camus, French revolutionist and Chairman of the Council of 500, dies at 64
  • 1805-01-17 Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron, French scholar and interpreter, dies at 73
  • 1805-01-23 Claude Chappe, French telecommunications pioneer (b. 1763)
  • 1805-03-04 Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter, dies at 79
  • 1805-06-19 Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée, French painter (b. 1724)
  • 1805-11-06 François-Thomas-Marie de Baculard d'Arnaud, French sentimental writer (Les Épreuves du sentiment), dies at 87
  • 1805-11-08 Francois-Thomas de Baculard d'Arnaud, French writer, dies at 87
  • 1806-04-13 Jean-Jacques Bachelier, French painter, dies at ~82
  • 1806-04-22 Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral, killed at 42
  • 1806-06-23 Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French zoologist and naturalist (Ornithologie), dies at 83
  • 1806-08-22 Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter (The Swing), dies at 74
  • 1807-01-05 Michel Adanson, French biologist (Plant classes), dies at 79
  • 1807-04-04 Joseph Jerome Le Francais de Lalande, French astronomer, dies a 74

Person of interestComte de Rochambeau

1807-05-10 Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, Comte de Rochambeau, French Military Leader (commander of the French Expeditionary Force that assisted the Thirteen Colonies), dies at 81

Military Leader Comte de Rochambeau
Military Leader
Comte de Rochambeau
  • 1807-08-16 Claude C Saunier, French furniture maker, dies at about 72
  • 1807-11-02 Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (b. 1730)
  • 1807-11-23 Jean-François Rewbell, French lawyer and politician, dies at 60
  • 1808-05-05 Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist, dies at 50
  • 1808-07-20 François-Hippolyte Barthélémon, French composer, dies at 66
  • 1808-08-13 Henri Hardouin, French composer, dies at 81
  • 1808-09-06 Louis-Pierre Anquetil, French historian (b. 1723)
  • 1808-09-27 Gaétan Vestris, French ballet dancer, dies at 79
  • 1809-03-09 Jean-Pierre Blanchard, French ballonist (1st balloon flights in England and U.S.), dies at 55
  • 1809-03-27 Joseph-Marie Vien, French court painter, dies at 92
  • 1809-05-08 Augustin Pajou, French sculptor (Bachante), dies at 78
  • 1809-05-31 Jean Lannes, French marshal (b. 1769)
  • 1809-07-03 Joseph Quesnel, French-Canadian composer and playwright (Colas et Colinette), dies at 62
  • 1809-07-06 Antoine Charles Louis Lasalle, French cavalry general (b. 1775)
  • 1809-11-26 Nicolas-Marie Dalayrac, French composer, dies at 56
  • 1809-12-16 Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, French chemist (b. 1755)
  • 1810-01-28 Andrew Hofer, Tyrolian rebel against French & Bavarians, shot dead
  • 1810-02-20 Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean innkeeper, drover and leader of the Tyrolean Rebellion against the revolutionary Napoleonic invasion during the War of the Fifth Coalition, executed at 42