Baden-Württemberg in History

Baden-Württemberg: Stuttgart

Historical Events

  • 1525-05-12 Battle at Biblingen: Zwabische Union beats rebel Wurttemberg farmers
  • 1534-05-12 German Duchy of Wurttemberg becomes Lutheran under Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1814-02-18 The Battle of Montereau; victory of French under Napoleon Bonaparte against Austrians and Württembergers under the King of Württemberg.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1951-12-09 West German voters approve merger of 3 states to form Baden-Wurttemberg
  • 1952-04-25 German state of Bathe-Wurttemberg forms

Famous Birthdays

  • 1487-02-08 Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1550)
  • 1557-08-19 Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg, born in Montbéliard, France (d. 1608)
  • 1572-09-15 Erasmus Widmann, German composer, born in Schwäbisch Hall, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1634)
  • 1604-12-07 Ambrosius Reiner, German composer, born in Altdorf, Weingarten, Württemberg (d. 1672)
  • 1614-12-16 Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1674)
  • 1631-10-03 Sebastian Anton Scherer, German composer, born in Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1712)
  • 1647-01-07 Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1677)
  • 1676-09-18 Eberhard Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1733)
  • 1687-06-24 Johann Albrecht Bengel, German scholar, born in Winnenden, Württemberg (d. 1757)
  • 1706-11-08 Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher, born in Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1772)
  • 1722-06-08 Jakob Friedrich Kleinknecht, German composer, born in Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1794)
  • 1728-12-22 Charles Frederick, Margrave, Elector and later Grand Duke of Baden, born in Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1811)
  • 1731-11-11 Carl Joseph Toeschi, German composer, born in Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1788)
  • 1739-10-27 Franz Ignaz Kaa, German composer, born in Offenburg, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1818)
  • 1747-06-24 Johann Melchior Dreyer, German composer, born in Röttingen, Württemberg (d. 1824)
  • 1750-04-28 Paul Ignaz Kürzinger, Bavarian composer, born in Mergentheim, Württemberg
  • 1752-09-09 Johann Friedrich Christmann, German composer, born in Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1817)
  • 1757-06-13 Christian Ludwig Dieter, German composer, born in Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1822)
  • 1770-08-27 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher and inventor (dialectic), born in Stuttgart, Württemberg (d. 1831)
  • 1770-11-08 Friedrich Witt, German composer, born in Württemberg, Germany (d. 1836)

Person of interestFriedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling

1775-01-27 Friedrich von Schelling, German philosopher (Views on Christianity), born in Leonberg, Württemberg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1854)

  • 1783-02-21 Princess Catharina of Württemberg, Queen consort of Westphalia (d. 1835)
  • 1786-09-18 Justinus Kerner, German physician and medical writer (first detailed description of botulism), born in Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1862)
  • 1787-04-26 Ludwig Uhland, German writer, born in Tübingen, Württemberg (d. 1862)
  • 1796-05-09 August Pauly, German writer (Real Encyclopedia), born in Benningen am Neckar, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1845)
  • 1813-03-20 Matthias Keller, German hymm writer (O Farther un High), born in Ulm, Württemberg (d. 1875)
  • 1814-11-25 Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (first law of thermodynamics), born in Heilbronn, Württemberg (d. 1878)
  • 1816-05-24 Emanuel Leutze, American painter (Washington Crossing the Delaware), born in Schwäbisch Gmünd, Württemberg, German Confederation (d. 1868)
  • 1818-06-17 Sophie of Württemberg, Queen of Netherlands as wife of William III, born in Ludwigsburg Palace, Stuttgart, Württemberg (d. 1877)
  • 1820-05-27 Mathilde Bonaparte, French princess (daughter of Napoleon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte and his second wife, Catharina of Württemberg, daughter of King Frederick I of Württemberg) and socialite, born in Trieste, Italy (d. 1904)
  • 1826-09-09 Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden (1856-1907), born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1907)

Person of interestGottlieb Daimler

1834-03-17 Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer and inventor, designed 1st motorcycle, born in Schorndorf, Kingdom of Württemberg (d. 1900)

Engineer and inventor Gottlieb Daimler
Engineer and inventor
Gottlieb Daimler
  • 1838-06-27 Paul Mauser, German weapon designer, born in Oberndorf am Neckar, Kingdom of Württemberg (d. 1914)
  • 1839-06-10 Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Danish politician (Council President of Denmark), born in Hochberg (now Remseck am Neckar), Württemberg (d. 1912)

Person of interestKarl Benz

1844-11-25 Karl Benz, German inventor, engine designer and automobile manufacturer (Mercedes-Benz), born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1929)

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1844-12-04 Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus, born in Rottweil, Württemberg (d. 1914)
  • 1852-07-10 Alfred von Kiderlen-Wächter, German foreign minister, born in Stuttgart, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1912)
  • 1853-03-28 Rudolf Kittel, German theologist (Psalms), born in Eningen, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1855-10-08 Gustav Ehrismann, German author and expert on the German language, born in Pforzheim, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1941)

Person of interestHermann Hesse

1877-07-02 Hermann Hesse, German-Swiss novelist and poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel 1946), born in Calw, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1962)

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse

Person of interestErwin Rommel

1891-11-15 Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WWII - African campaign), born in Heidenheim, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1944)

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1897-10-28 Hans Speidel, German general and NATO-supreme commander (1957-64), born in Metzingen, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire (d. 1984)
  • 1908-04-19 Joseph Keilberth, German conductor (Bayreuther Festspiele), born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1915-01-05 Uta Graf, German-American soprano and teacher, born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany; (d. 1995)
  • 1919-12-31 Artur Fischer, German inventor with more patents than Edison, born in Tumlingen, Baden-Württemberg (d. 2016)
  • 1922-04-19 Erich Hartmann, German WW II pilot (downed 352 Russian aircrafts), born in Weissach, Württemberg, Weimar Republic (d. 1993)
  • 1930-11-26 Berthold Leibinger, German entrepreneur (Trumpf) and philanthropist, born in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 2018)
  • 1947-05-24 Martin Winterkorn, German automotive executive, born in Leonberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 1955-11-10 Roland Emmerich, German film producer and director (2012, The Day After Tomorrow), born in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Person of interestSteffi Graf

1969-06-14 Steffi Graf, German tennis player (Golden Slam 1988, 22 Grand Slam singles titles), born in Mannheim, Germany

Tennis Player Steffi Graf
Tennis Player
Steffi Graf
  • 1977-04-02 Michael Fassbender, Irish-German actor (Shame, X-Men), born in Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg

Famous Weddings

  • 1776-10-07 Crown Prince Paul of Russia marries Sophie Marie Dorothea of Württemberg.

Famous Deaths

  • 1550-11-06 Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1487)
  • 1608-01-29 Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg, dies at 50
  • 1674-07-02 Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1614)
  • 1677-06-23 Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1647)
  • 1733-10-31 Eberhard Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg, dies at 57
  • 1816-10-30 Frederick I of Württemberg (b. 1754)
  • 1877-06-03 Sophie of Württemberg, Queen of Netherlands as wife of William III, dies at 58
  • 1904-01-02 Mathilde Bonaparte, French princess (daughter of Napoleon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte and his second wife, Catharina of Württemberg, daughter of King Frederick I of Württemberg) and socialite, dies at 83
  • 2018-05-09 Duke Friedrich of Württemberg, German aristocrat & heir to the House of Württemberg, dies at 56 in a traffic collision