Bavaria in History

Bavaria: Munich - Nuremberg

Historical Events

  • 0976-07-21 Emperor Otto II gives earl Leopold I, East Bavaria
  • 1156-09-08 Henry II Jasormigott leaves Bavaria
  • 1313-11-09 Louis the Bavarian defeats his cousin Frederick I of Austria at the Battle of Gamelsdorf.
  • 1322-09-28 Battle of Muhldorf: the Duchy of (Upper) Bavaria defeats Austrian forces
  • 1346-01-15 Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria gives his wife Margaretha, Holland and Zealand
  • 1346-04-13 Pope Clemens VI declares German emperor Louis of Bavaria, envoy
  • 1349-01-05 Margaretha of Bavaria names her son Willem V Earl of Holland and Zealand
  • 1354-12-07 Margaretha van Bavarian's son earl Willem V signs peace treaty
  • 1417-05-31 Jacoba of Bavaria becomes countess of Holland/Zealand/Henegouwen
  • 1420-08-05 Duke John VI of Bavaria visits Dutch mystic Lidwina (Christ's bride)
  • 1425-08-25 Countess Jacoba of Bavaria escapes from jail
  • 1428-06-29 Jacoba of Bavaria signs cease fire with Philip the Good
  • 1428-07-03 Treaty of Delft between Jacoba of Bavaria & Philip the Good of Burgundy
  • 1440-04-09 Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark (1440-48)
  • 1450-10-05 Jews are expelled from Lower Bavaria by order of Ludwig IX

/flags/germanyGerman Beer Purity Law

1487-11-30 The German Beer Purity Law (Reinheitsgebot), is promulgated by Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria stating beer should be brewed from only three ingredients – water, malt and hops
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  • 1498-06-21 Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian
  • 1504-04-23 King Maximilian I routes troops to Bavaria
  • 1516-04-23 Duke Wilhelm IV of Bavaria endorses "The German Beer Purity Law" (Reinheitsgebot) and adds to it standards for the sale of beer
  • 1531-10-24 Bavaria joins Schmalkaldic League
  • 1623-02-25 Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria becomes monarch of Palts
  • 1631-05-30 The Treaty of Fontainebleau signed between Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, and the Kingdom of France, establishing a secret alliance between them during the Thirty Years' War.
  • 1634-08-26 Battle at Nordlingen Bavarian: emperor Ferdinand II & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants
  • 1645-08-03 Battle of Allersheim: French defeat Bavarians
  • 1647-03-14 Thirty Years' War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.
  • 1648-05-17 Emperor Ferdinand III defeats Maximilian I of Bavaria
  • 1658-08-15 France, Sweden, Bavarian, Brunswick, Munster and Hessen-Kassel form Confederation of the Rhine
  • 1670-02-17 France & Bavaria sign military assistance treaty
  • 1701-03-09 France, Cologne & Bavaria sign alliance
  • 1702-09-16 Emperor Leopold I declares war on France, Cologne & Bavaria
  • 1704-08-02 Duke of Marlborough beats French and Bavarians at Blenheim
  • 1704-08-13 Battle of Blenheim (aka Second Battle of Höchstädt): a combined British, German & Dutch army led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, decisively beat French & Bavarian forces.
  • 1706-04-29 Emperor Jozef I becomes monarch of Cologne and Bavaria
  • 1712-05-17 Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria honored as "sovereign of Netherlands"
  • 1727-11-12 France & Bavaria renew secret treaty
  • 1741-05-08 France & Bavaria sign Covenant of Nymphenburg
  • 1741-05-28 Spain and Bavaria sign treaty
  • 1741-07-31 Charles Albert of Bavaria invades Upper Austria and Bohemia.

BattleBattle of Dettingen

1743-06-27 War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch commanded troops in the field.
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Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1809-04-20 Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1813-10-08 Treaty of Ried between Bavaria & Austria
  • 1816-08-08 Bavaria joins Holy Alliance
  • 1832-05-07 Greece becomes independent, Otto of Bavaria is chosen as king
  • 1835-12-07 Bavarian Ludwig railway opens - first German steam railway
  • 1913-11-05 Ludwig III crowned king of Bavaria
  • 1914-08-20 Bavarian troops kill 50 inhabitants of Nomeny, France
  • 1918-11-07 Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria as a revolutionary uprising spreads throughout Germany
  • 1919-04-06 Bavaria proclaims itself a soviet republic
  • 1923-03-20 Bavarian minister of interior refuses to forbid Nazi Sturm Abteilung
  • 1924-04-06 Völkische Block (Nazis) receives 17.8% of vote in Bavaria
  • 1925-02-14 State of emergency crisis in Bavaria ends, NSDAP re-allowed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927-03-10 Bavaria lifts ban on Adolf Hitler's speeches

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1945-05-04 German forces in Bavaria surrender unconditionally to American commander Jacob L. Devers
  • 2015-06-07 -8 41st G7 summit held in Schloss Elmau, Bavaria
  • 2016-02-09 Two German passenger trains collide near Bad Aibling, Bavaria, killing 10 and seriously injuring 18

Famous Birthdays

  • 1173-12-23 Louis I, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1231)
  • 1283-04-01 Ludwig IV of Baveria, Roman Catholic Bavarian emperor (1314-47)
  • 1328-05-07 Louis VI the Roman, Duke of Bavaria and Elector of Brandenburg, born in Rome (d. 1365)
  • 1329-09-26 Anna of Bavaria, Queen of the Romans (d. 1353)
  • 1342-08-19 Katharine of Bohemia, Duchess of Bavaria (d. 1395)
  • 1460-05-08 Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1486-1536), born in Ansbach, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1536)
  • 1487-02-14 Henry II of Bavaria, Bishop of Utrecht (1524-29), Worms (1523-52) and Freising (1541-52), born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1552)
  • 1528-03-01 Albrecht V von Wittelsbach, [the Generous], duke of Bavaria
  • 1528-07-07 Anna of Austria, Duchess of Bavaria, daughter of Ferdinand I (d. 1590)
  • 1548-09-29 William V, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1626)
  • 1573-04-17 Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1651)
  • 1574-12-08 Maria Anna of Bavaria, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1616)
  • 1584-04-13 Albert VI of Bavaria (d. 1666)
  • 1594-05-29 Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian general (d. 1632)
  • 1597-11-19 Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1660)
  • 1610-01-13 Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1665)
  • 1632-04-02 Georg Caspar Weckler, German organist and composer, baptized in Nuremburg, Bavaria (d. 1695)
  • 1636-10-31 Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (1651-79), born in Schleissheim Palace, Bavaria (d. 1679)
  • 1669-06-30 Mauritius Vogt, composer, born in Königshofen, Bavaria (d. 1730)
  • 1675-02-21 Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (d. 1750)
  • 1689-09-01 Kilian I von Dientzenhofer, Bavarian master builder (Prague)
  • 1691-04-09 Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar, born in Roth, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1761)
  • 1703-01-29 Carlmann Kolb, German composer and priest, born in Kösslarn, Lower Bavaria (d. 1765)
  • 1705-04-20 Balthasar Schmid, German composer and printer, born in Nuremberg, Bavaria (d. 1749)
  • 1710-04-30 Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general (d. 1795)
  • 1728-08-29 Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony, Electress of Bavaria, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Germany (d. 1797)
  • 1731-12-06 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), born in Kaufbeuren. Bavaria (d. 1807)
  • 1746-03-27 Augustin Ullinger, German composer, born in Ranoldsberg, Upper Bavaria (d. 1781)
  • 1748-02-06 Adam Weishaupt, founder of the Bavarian Illuminati (d. 1811)
  • 1750-04-28 Paul Ignaz Kürzinger, Bavarian composer, born in Mergentheim, Württemberg
  • 1756-05-27 Maximilian I Jozef, King of Bavaria
  • 1756-06-20 Joseph Martin Kraus, German composer, born in born in Miltenberg am Main, Bavaria (d. 1792)
  • 1776-07-13 Caroline of Baden, Queen of Bavaria, born in Karlsruhe, Margraviate of Baden (d. 1841)
  • 1783-03-26 Johann Baptist Weigl, German composer, born in Hahnbach, Bavaria (d. 1852)
  • 1786-08-25 [Charles] Louis I, (Augustus), King of Bavaria (Lola Montez)
  • 1788-06-21 Princess Augusta of Bavaria, born in Strasbourg (d. 1851)
  • 1789-03-16 Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), born in Erlangen, Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • 1792-02-08 Caroline Augusta of Bavaria, queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1873)
  • 1792-07-08 Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, queen of Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • 1801-11-13 Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria, Queen consort of Prussia (1840-61), born in Munich (d. 1873)
  • 1801-11-13 Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony, born in Munich (d. 1877)
  • 1805-01-27 Sophie of Bavaria, archduchess of Austria (d. 1872)
  • 1805-01-27 Maria Anna of Bavaria, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1877)
  • 1806-10-25 Max Stirner [Johann Kaspar Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige), born in Bayreuth, Bavaria (d. 1856)
  • 1808-08-30 Princess Ludovika of Bavaria, Mother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, born in Munich (d. 1892)
  • 1813-08-30 Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria, eldest daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria, born in Augsburg, Germany (d. 1862)
  • 1823-03-19 Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria d. 1914
  • 1825-06-10 Princess Hildegard of Bavaria d. 1864
  • 1826-08-26 Princess Alexandra of Bavaria (d. 1875)

Person of interestLevi Strauss

1829-02-26 Levi Strauss, German-born American clothing designer, born in Buttenheim, Bavaria (d. 1902)

Fashion Designer Levi Strauss
Fashion Designer
Levi Strauss
  • 1832-02-26 John George Nicolay, German-American author (Abe Lincoln's biographer), born in Essingen, Rhenish Bavaria (d. 1901)
  • 1841-10-04 Maria Sophie of Bavaria, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1925)
  • 1845-01-07 Louis III, last king of Bavaria (1913-18)
  • 1845-08-25 Ludwig II, Mad king of Bavaria (1864-86), born in Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Germany (d. 1886)
  • 1848-04-27 Otto I of Bavaria, King of Bavaria (1886-1913), born in The Residence, Munich (d. 1916)
  • 1849-07-02 Maria Theresia of Austria-Este, queen of Bavaria (d. 1919)
  • 1853-11-12 Oskar Panizza, German writer (Das Liebeskonzil), born in Bad Kissingen, Bavaria (d. 1921)
  • 1864-06-14 Alois Alzheimer, Marktbreit, Bavaria, German psychiatrist/neuropathologist (Alzheimer Disease)
  • 1867-05-14 Kurt Eisner, German premier of revolutionary Bavaria (1918-19)
  • 1869-05-18 Ruprecht, crown prince of Bavaria/general-fieldmarshall
  • 1872-11-03 Paul Panzer, German-American silent film actor (The Perils of Pauline, Mildred Pierce, Hotel Berlin), born in Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1958)
  • 1873-02-15 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born Swedish biochemist who investigated the fermentation of sugar and enzymes (Nobel 1929), born in Augsburg, Kingdom of Bavaria (d. 1964)
  • 1873-03-19 Max Reger, German composer, pianist and professor (Leipzig Univ), born in Brand, Bavarian Empire (d. 1916)
  • 1878-12-15 Hans Carossa, German writer, born in Tölz, Bavaria (d. 1956)
  • 1879-03-08 Mechtilde Lichnowsky, German writer, born in Pocking, Bavaria (d. 1958)
  • 1881-10-30 Lena Christ, German writer (The Rumplhanni), born in Glonn, Bavaria (d. 1920)
  • 1888-12-27 Thea von Harbou, German author and actress (Metropolis), born in Tauperlitz, Döhlau, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1954)

Person of interestHermann Goering

1893-01-12 Hermann Goering, Nazi Party leader, Vice-Chancellor of Germany (1941-45) and World War I fighter pilot ace, born in Rosenheim, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1946)

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1893-12-01 Ernst Toller, German playwright, President of Bavarian Soviet Republic (1919), born in Samotschin (d. 1939)
  • 1894-07-22 Oskar Maria Graf, German writer, born in Berg, Bavaria (d. 1967)
  • 1898-02-10 Bertolt Brecht, German poet and playwright (Mother Courage), born in Augsburg, Bavaria (d. 1956)
  • 1902-11-01 Eugen Jochum, Babenhausen Bavaria, German conductor (Hamburg Orchestra)
  • 1904-07-05 Ernst Mayr, German-American biologist (evolutionary theory), born in Kempten, Bavaria, Germany (d. 2005)
  • 1905-05-03 Albrecht Luitpold Ferdinand Michael, duke of Bavaria, born in Munich, German Empire (d. 1996)
  • 1906-06-09 Tonio Selwart [Antonio Selmair-Selwart], German actor (Barefoot Contessa, Naked Maja), born in Wartenberg, Bavaria, Germany (d. 2002)
  • 1909-05-17 Magda Schneider, German actress (Eva, Going Gay, Be Mine Tonight), born in Bavaria, German (d. 1996)
  • 1911-04-30 Luise Rinser, German writer (Prison Journal), born in Pitzling, Bavaria (d. 2002)
  • 1914-04-22 Hans Baumann, German nationalist writer, born in Amberg, Bavaria (d. 1988)
  • 1915-12-13 Curd Jürgens [Curt Jurgens], German-born Austrian actor (Enemy Below, Longest Day), born in Solln, Munich, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1982)

Person of interestHenry Kissinger

1923-05-27 Henry Kissinger, US Secretary of State (1973-77) and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973, born in Fürth, Bavaria, Germany

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger
  • 1925-04-20 Ernie Stautner, German-American football player, born in Cham, Bavaria, Germany (d. 2006)

Person of interestBenedict XVI

1927-04-16 Pope Benedict XVI [Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger], Catholic Pope (2005-2013), born in Marktl, Bavaria, Germany

265th Pope  Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI
  • 1928-04-30 Peter Carsten, German actor and film producer actor (A Study in Terror, Mr Super Invisible), born in Weißenburg in Bayern, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1929-05-30 Michael Mellinger, German actor (Goldfinger, The Bourne Identity), born in Kochel, Bavaria (d. 2004)
  • 1929-11-12 Michael Ende, German fantasy and children's writer (The Neverending Story), born in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria (d. 1995)
  • 1930-07-03 Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (Bavarian State Orchestra 1968-97), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2004)
  • 1934-04-05 Roman Herzog, President of Germany (1994-99), born in Landshut, Bavaria, Germany (d. 2017)
  • 1937-01-21 Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria
  • 1945-05-31 Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German filmmaker and director (Marriage of Maria Braum), born in Bad Worishofen, Bavaria, West Germany (d. 1982)
  • 1947-11-29 Petra Kelly, Gunzburg, Bavaria, German politician and activist (German Green Party)
  • 1949-03-26 Patrick Süskind, German writer and screenwriter, known for novel "Perfume: The Story of a Murderer," born in Ambach, Bavaria, Germany
  • 1964-02-13 Evi Strasser, German equestrian (Olympics 1996), born in Inzell, Germany

Famous Weddings

  • 1385-04-12 Duke of Burgundy, John the Fearless, marries Margaret of Bavaria in political double wedding with his sister
  • 1385-04-12 Willem van Oostervant of Bavaria weds Philip the Bold's daughter Marguerite (10)
  • 1810-10-12 First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.
  • 1993-07-03 Prince Alois of Liechtenstein weds Duchess Sophie of Bavaria
  • 2005-08-05 Bavaria's Prince Leopold's son Prince Manuel von Bayern (31) weds Prince Ludwig-Ferdinand's daughter Princess Anna of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg in Sweden
  • 2007-09-08 Duchess Maria-Anna Henriette Gabrielle Julie in Bavaria (32) weds investment banker Klaus Runow near Munich, Germany

Famous Deaths

  • 0907-07-04 Luitpold, Margrave of Bavaria
  • 0937-07-14 Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria
  • 0947-11-23 Berthold, Duke of Bavaria
  • 0955-11-01 Henry I, Duke of Bavaria, dies from an illness at 34 or 36
  • 1083-01-11 Otto of Nordheim, Duke of Bavaria (c. 1020)
  • 1120-09-24 Welf II, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1072)
  • 1126-12-13 Henry IX, the Black, Duke of Bavaria (1120-26), dies
  • 1183-07-11 Otto I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1253-11-29 Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1206)
  • 1273-10-09 Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Germany
  • 1356-01-23 Margaretha of Bavaria, Emperess of Germany, dies
  • 1365-05-17 Louis VI the Roman, Duke of Bavaria and Elector of Brandenburg, dies at 37
  • 1392-09-22 Aleid van Poelgeest, lover of earl Albrecht of Bavaria, murdered at 22
  • 1404-12-13 Albert I, Duke of Bavaria and third son of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, dies at 74
  • 1404-12-16 Albrecht of Bavaria, duke of Bavaria, dies at about 74
  • 1417-04-04 John van Touraine, 1st husband of Jacoba of Bavaria, dies
  • 1425-01-05 John of Bavaria/Bayern, liege of Holland/Zealand/Dordrecht, poisoned
  • 1425-01-06 Jan of Bavaria, liege of Holland/bishop/duke, dies
  • 1435-09-24 Isabeau of Bavaria, Queen and wife of Charles VI of France (bc. 1370)
  • 1436-10-09 Jacoba van Bavarian, countess of Holland/Zealand, dies at 35
  • 1448-01-05 Christopher of Bavaria, King of Denmark (1440-48), Norway (1441-48) and Sweden (1442-48), dies suddenly at 31
  • 1552-01-03 Henry II of Bavaria, Bishop of Utrecht (1524-29), Worms (1523-52) and Freising (1541-52), dies at 64
  • 1579-10-24 Albrecht V von Wittelsbach, duke of Bavaria, dies at 51
  • 1624-12-26 Simon Marius, astronomer, dies in Bavaria at 54
  • 1626-02-07 William V, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1548)
  • 1632-11-17 Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian field marshal (b. 1594)
  • 1651-09-27 Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, dies at 78
  • 1665-09-25 Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (b. 1610)
  • 1666-07-05 Albert VI of Bavaria (b. 1584)
  • 1679-05-26 Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (1651-79), dies at 42
  • 1682-04-01 Franz Egon of Fürstenberg, Bavarian Catholic archbishop (b. 1625)
  • 1699-02-06 Jozef Ferdinand of Bavaria, heir of Spanish king Carlos II, dies
  • 1726-02-26 Maximilian II M Emanuel, elect of Bavaria/governor of Netherlands, dies
  • 1750-01-22 Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (b. 1675)
  • 1763-01-27 John Theodor of Bavaria, prince-bishop of Liege/cardinal, dies
  • 1795-04-12 Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general (b. 1710)
  • 1810-01-28 Andrew Hofer, Tyrolian rebel against French & Bavarians, shot dead
  • 1825-10-13 Maximilian I of Bavaria (b. 1756)
  • 1868-02-29 Ludwig/Louis I, King of Bavaria, dies at 81
  • 1886-06-13 King Ludwig II of Bavaria, Builder of palace of Neuschwanstein, patron of Wagner, found dead in Lake Starnberg, near Munich at 11:30 PM at 40
  • 1921-10-18 King Ludwig III of Bavaria (b. 1845)
  • 1934-06-30 Gustav Ritter von Kahr, Prime Minister of Bavaria killed in the Night of the Long Knives murders (b. 1862)
  • 1955-03-11 Oscar Mayer, Bavarian-born American meat packer (b. 1859)
  • 1996-07-07 Albrecht Luitpold Ferdinand Michael, duke of Bavaria, dies at 91