Bavaria in History

Bavaria: Munich - Nuremberg

Historical Events

  • 0976-07-21 Emperor Otto II gives earl Leopold I, East Bavaria
  • 1156-09-08 Henry II Jasormigott leaves Bavaria
  • 1313-11-09 Louis the Bavarian defeats his cousin Frederick I of Austria at the Battle of Gammelsdorf
  • 1322-09-28 Battle of Muhldorf: the Duchy of (Upper) Bavaria defeats Austrian forces
  • 1346-01-15 Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria gives his wife Margaretha, Holland and Zealand
  • 1346-04-13 Pope Clemens VI declares German emperor Louis of Bavaria, envoy
  • 1349-01-05 Margaretha of Bavaria names her son Willem V Earl of Holland and Zealand
  • 1354-12-07 Margaretha van Bavarian's son earl Willem V signs peace treaty
  • 1417-05-31 Jacoba of Bavaria becomes countess of Holland/Zealand/Henegouwen
  • 1420-08-05 Duke John VI of Bavaria visits Dutch mystic Lidwina (Christ's bride)
  • 1425-08-25 Countess Jacoba of Bavaria escapes from jail
  • 1428-06-29 Jacoba of Bavaria signs cease fire with Philip the Good
  • 1428-07-03 Treaty of Delft between Jacoba of Bavaria & Philip the Good of Burgundy
  • 1440-04-09 Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark (1440-48)
  • 1450-10-05 Jews are expelled from Lower Bavaria by order of Ludwig IX

GermanyGerman Beer Purity Law

1487-11-30 The first German Beer Purity Law (Reinheitsgebot), is promulgated in Munich by Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria stating beer should be brewed from only three ingredients – water, malt and hops
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  • 1498-06-21 Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian
  • 1504-04-23 King Maximilian I routes troops to Bavaria
  • 1516-04-23 Duke Wilhelm IV of Bavaria endorses "The German Beer Purity Law" (Reinheitsgebot) and adds to it standards for the sale of beer
  • 1531-10-24 Bavaria joins Schmalkaldic League
  • 1623-02-25 Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria becomes monarch of Palts
  • 1631-05-30 The Treaty of Fontainebleau signed between Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, and the Kingdom of France, establishing a secret alliance between them during the Thirty Years' War.
  • 1634-08-26 Battle at Nordlingen Bavarian: emperor Ferdinand II & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants
  • 1645-08-03 Battle of Allersheim: French defeat Bavarians
  • 1647-03-14 Thirty Years' War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.
  • 1648-05-17 Emperor Ferdinand III defeats Maximilian I of Bavaria
  • 1658-08-15 France, Sweden, Bavarian, Brunswick, Munster and Hessen-Kassel form Confederation of the Rhine
  • 1670-02-17 France & Bavaria sign military assistance treaty
  • 1701-03-09 France, Cologne & Bavaria sign alliance
  • 1702-09-16 Emperor Leopold I declares war on France, Cologne & Bavaria
  • 1704-08-13 Duke of Marlborough beats the French and Bavarians at the Battle of Blenheim, during the War of the Spanish Succession
  • 1704-08-13 Battle of Blenheim (aka Second Battle of Höchstädt): a combined British, German & Dutch army led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, decisively beat French & Bavarian forces.
  • 1706-04-29 Emperor Jozef I becomes monarch of Cologne and Bavaria
  • 1712-05-17 Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria honored as "sovereign of Netherlands"
  • 1727-11-12 France & Bavaria renew secret treaty
  • 1741-05-08 France & Bavaria sign Covenant of Nymphenburg
  • 1741-05-28 Spain and Bavaria sign treaty
  • 1741-07-31 Charles Albert of Bavaria invades Upper Austria and Bohemia.

Battle of InterestBattle of Dettingen

1743-06-27 War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch commanded troops in the field.
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Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1809-04-20 Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1813-10-08 Treaty of Ried between Bavaria & Austria
  • 1816-08-08 Bavaria joins Holy Alliance
  • 1832-05-07 Greece becomes independent, Otto of Bavaria is chosen as king
  • 1835-12-07 Bavarian Ludwig railway opens - first German steam railway
  • 1913-11-05 Ludwig III crowned king of Bavaria
  • 1914-08-20 Bavarian troops kill 50 inhabitants of Nomeny, France
  • 1918-11-07 Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria as a revolutionary uprising spreads throughout Germany
  • 1919-04-06 Bavaria proclaims itself a soviet republic
  • 1923-03-20 Bavarian minister of interior refuses to forbid Nazi Sturm Abteilung
  • 1924-04-06 Völkische Block (Nazis) receives 17.8% of vote in Bavaria
  • 1925-02-14 State of emergency crisis in Bavaria ends, NSDAP re-allowed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927-03-10 Bavaria lifts ban on Adolf Hitler's speeches

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1945-05-04 German forces in Bavaria surrender unconditionally to American commander Jacob L. Devers
  • 2015-06-07 -8 41st G7 summit held in Schloss Elmau, Bavaria
  • 2016-02-09 Two German passenger trains collide near Bad Aibling, Bavaria, killing 10 and seriously injuring 18

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 105

  • 1173-12-23 Louis I, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1231)
  • 1283-04-01 Ludwig IV of Baveria, Roman Catholic Bavarian emperor (1314-47)
  • 1328-05-07 Louis VI the Roman, Duke of Bavaria and Elector of Brandenburg, born in Rome (d. 1365)
  • 1329-09-26 Anna of Bavaria, Queen of the Romans (d. 1353)
  • 1336-07-25 Albert I, Duke of Bavaria and third son of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, born in Munich (d. 1404)
  • 1342-08-19 Katharine of Bohemia, Duchess of Bavaria (d. 1395)
  • 1460-05-08 Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1486-1536), born in Ansbach, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1536)
  • 1487-02-14 Henry II of Bavaria, Bishop of Utrecht (1524-29), Worms (1523-52) and Freising (1541-52), born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1552)
  • 1528-03-01 Albrecht V von Wittelsbach, [the Generous], duke of Bavaria
  • 1528-07-07 Anna of Austria, Duchess of Bavaria, daughter of Ferdinand I (d. 1590)
  • 1548-09-29 William V, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1626)
  • 1573-04-17 Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1651)
  • 1574-12-08 Maria Anna of Bavaria, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1616)
  • 1584-04-13 Albert VI of Bavaria (d. 1666)
  • 1594-05-29 Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian general (d. 1632)
  • 1597-11-19 Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1660)
  • 1610-01-13 Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1665)
  • 1632-04-02 Georg Caspar Weckler, German organist and composer, baptized in Nuremburg, Bavaria (d. 1695)
  • 1636-10-31 Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (1651-79), born in Schleissheim Palace, Bavaria (d. 1679)
  • 1662-07-11 Maximilian II Emanuel, elector of Bavaria, born in Munich (d. 1726)
  • 1669-06-30 Mauritius Vogt, composer, born in Königshofen, Bavaria (d. 1730)
  • 1675-02-21 Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (d. 1750)
  • 1689-09-01 Kilian I von Dientzenhofer, Bavarian master builder (Prague)
  • 1691-04-09 Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar, born in Roth, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1761)
  • 1702-07-17 Johann Schneider, German composer and pupil of Bach, born in Coburg, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1788)
  • 1703-01-29 Carlmann Kolb, German composer and priest, born in Kösslarn, Lower Bavaria (d. 1765)
  • 1703-09-03 Johann Theodor of Bavaria, Prince-Bishop of Regensburg, Freising and Liège, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1763)
  • 1705-04-20 Balthasar Schmid, German composer and printer, born in Nuremberg, Bavaria (d. 1749)
  • 1710-04-30 Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general (d. 1795)
  • 1728-08-29 Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony, Electress of Bavaria, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Germany (d. 1797)
  • 1731-12-06 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), born in Kaufbeuren. Bavaria (d. 1807)
  • 1735-07-23 Johannes Herbst, German composer, born in Kempten, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1746-03-27 Augustin Ullinger, German composer, born in Ranoldsberg, Upper Bavaria (d. 1781)
  • 1748-02-06 Adam Weishaupt, founder of the Bavarian Illuminati (d. 1811)
  • 1750-04-28 Paul Ignaz Kürzinger, Bavarian composer, born in Mergentheim, Württemberg
  • 1756-05-27 Maximilian I Jozef, King of Bavaria
  • 1756-06-20 Joseph Martin Kraus, German composer, born in born in Miltenberg am Main, Bavaria (d. 1792)
  • 1761-07-25 Charlotte von Kalb, German writer, born in Saal an der Saale, Electorate of Bavaria (d. 1843)
  • 1767-09-08 Karl August von Lichtenstein, German composer, born in Lahm, Bavaria (d. 1845)
  • 1776-07-13 Caroline of Baden, Queen of Bavaria, born in Karlsruhe, Margraviate of Baden (d. 1841)
  • 1778-07-29 Carl Borromaus Neuner, German composer, born in Munich, Bavaria (d. 1830)
  • 1783-03-26 Johann Baptist Weigl, German composer, born in Hahnbach, Bavaria (d. 1852)
  • 1786-08-25 [Charles] Louis I, (Augustus), King of Bavaria (Lola Montez)
  • 1788-06-21 Princess Augusta of Bavaria, born in Strasbourg (d. 1851)
  • 1789-03-16 Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), born in Erlangen, Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • 1792-02-08 Caroline Augusta of Bavaria, queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1873)
  • 1792-07-08 Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, queen of Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • 1799-08-20 Heinrich von Gagern, German liberal politician, born in Bayreuth, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1880)
  • 1800-07-09 Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German pathologist, born in Fürth, Bavaria (d. 1885)
  • 1801-11-13 Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria, Queen consort of Prussia (1840-61), born in Munich (d. 1873)
  • 1801-11-13 Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony, born in Munich (d. 1877)
  • 1805-01-27 Sophie of Bavaria, archduchess of Austria (d. 1872)
  • 1805-01-27 Maria Anna of Bavaria, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1877)
  • 1806-10-25 Max Stirner [Johann Kaspar Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige), born in Bayreuth, Bavaria (d. 1856)
  • 1807-09-11 Ignaz Lachner, German composer, born in Rain, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1808-08-30 Princess Ludovika of Bavaria, Mother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, born in Munich (d. 1892)
  • 1811-07-19 Vincenz Lachner, German composer, born in Rain am Lech, Bavaria, Germany (d 1893)
  • 1813-08-30 Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria, eldest daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria, born in Augsburg, Germany (d. 1862)
  • 1823-03-19 Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria d. 1914
  • 1825-06-10 Princess Hildegard of Bavaria d. 1864
  • 1826-08-26 Princess Alexandra of Bavaria (d. 1875)

Person of interestLevi Strauss

1829-02-26 Levi Strauss, German-born American clothing designer, born in Buttenheim, Bavaria (d. 1902)

Fashion Designer Levi Strauss
Fashion Designer
Levi Strauss
  • 1832-02-26 John George Nicolay, German-American author (Abe Lincoln's biographer), born in Essingen, Rhenish Bavaria (d. 1901)
  • 1841-10-04 Maria Sophie of Bavaria, Queen consort of the Two Sicilies, born in Possenhofen Castle, Possenhofen, Kingdom of Bavaria (d. 1925)
  • 1845-01-07 Louis III, last king of Bavaria (1913-18)
  • 1845-08-25 Ludwig II, Mad king of Bavaria (1864-86), born in Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Germany (d. 1886)
  • 1848-04-27 Otto I of Bavaria, King of Bavaria (1886-1913), born in The Residence, Munich (d. 1916)
  • 1849-07-02 Maria Theresia of Austria-Este, queen of Bavaria (d. 1919)
  • 1853-11-12 Oskar Panizza, German writer (Das Liebeskonzil), born in Bad Kissingen, Bavaria (d. 1921)
  • 1864-06-14 Alois Alzheimer, Marktbreit, Bavaria, German psychiatrist/neuropathologist (Alzheimer Disease)
  • 1867-05-14 Kurt Eisner, German premier of revolutionary Bavaria (1918-19)
  • 1869-05-18 Ruprecht, crown prince of Bavaria/general-fieldmarshall
  • 1869-08-27 Karl Haushofer, German soldier and geographer, born in Munich, Bavaria (d. 1946)
  • 1872-11-03 Paul Panzer, German-American silent film actor (The Perils of Pauline, Mildred Pierce, Hotel Berlin), born in Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1958)
  • 1873-02-15 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born Swedish biochemist who investigated the fermentation of sugar and enzymes (Nobel 1929), born in Augsburg, Kingdom of Bavaria (d. 1964)
  • 1873-03-19 Max Reger, German composer, pianist and professor (Leipzig Univ), born in Brand, Bavarian Empire (d. 1916)
  • 1878-12-15 Hans Carossa, German writer, born in Tölz, Bavaria (d. 1956)
  • 1879-03-08 Mechtilde Lichnowsky, German writer, born in Pocking, Bavaria (d. 1958)
  • 1881-10-30 Lena Christ, German writer (The Rumplhanni), born in Glonn, Bavaria (d. 1920)
  • 1888-12-27 Thea von Harbou, German author and actress (Metropolis), born in Tauperlitz, Döhlau, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1954)

Person of interestHermann Goering

1893-01-12 Hermann Goering, Nazi Party leader, Vice-Chancellor of Germany (1941-45) and World War I fighter pilot ace, born in Rosenheim, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1946)

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1893-12-01 Ernst Toller, German playwright, President of Bavarian Soviet Republic (1919), born in Samotschin (d. 1939)
  • 1894-07-22 Oskar Maria Graf, German writer, born in Berg, Bavaria (d. 1967)
  • 1898-02-10 Bertolt Brecht, German poet and playwright (Mother Courage), born in Augsburg, Bavaria (d. 1956)
  • 1902-11-01 Eugen Jochum, Babenhausen Bavaria, German conductor (Hamburg Orchestra)
  • 1904-07-05 Ernst Mayr, German-American biologist (evolutionary theory), born in Kempten, Bavaria, Germany (d. 2005)
  • 1905-05-03 Albrecht Luitpold Ferdinand Michael, duke of Bavaria, born in Munich, German Empire (d. 1996)
  • 1906-06-09 Tonio Selwart [Antonio Selmair-Selwart], German actor (Barefoot Contessa, Naked Maja), born in Wartenberg, Bavaria, Germany (d. 2002)
  • 1909-05-17 Magda Schneider, German actress (Eva, Going Gay, Be Mine Tonight), born in Bavaria, German (d. 1996)
  • 1911-04-30 Luise Rinser, German writer (Prison Journal), born in Pitzling, Bavaria (d. 2002)
  • 1914-04-22 Hans Baumann, German nationalist writer, born in Amberg, Bavaria (d. 1988)
  • 1915-12-13 Curd Jürgens [Curt Jurgens], German-born Austrian actor (Enemy Below, Longest Day), born in Solln, Munich, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1982)

Person of interestHenry Kissinger

1923-05-27 Henry Kissinger, US Secretary of State (1973-77) and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973, born in Fürth, Bavaria, Germany

US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger
  • 1925-04-20 Ernie Stautner, German-American football player, born in Cham, Bavaria, Germany (d. 2006)

Person of interestBenedict XVI

1927-04-16 Pope Benedict XVI [Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger], Catholic Pope (2005-2013), born in Marktl, Bavaria, Germany

265th Pope Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI
  • 1928-04-30 Peter Carsten, German actor and film producer actor (A Study in Terror, Mr Super Invisible), born in Weißenburg in Bayern, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1929-05-30 Michael Mellinger, German actor (Goldfinger, The Bourne Identity), born in Kochel, Bavaria (d. 2004)
  • 1929-11-12 Michael Ende, German fantasy and children's writer (The Neverending Story), born in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria (d. 1995)
  • 1930-07-03 Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (Bavarian State Orchestra 1968-97), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2004)
  • 1934-04-05 Roman Herzog, President of Germany (1994-99), born in Landshut, Bavaria, Germany (d. 2017)

Famous Weddings

  • 1385-04-12 Duke of Burgundy, John the Fearless, marries Margaret of Bavaria in political double wedding with his sister
  • 1385-04-12 Willem van Oostervant of Bavaria weds Philip the Bold's daughter Marguerite (10)
  • 1810-10-12 First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.
  • 1993-07-03 Prince Alois of Liechtenstein weds Duchess Sophie of Bavaria
  • 2005-08-05 Bavaria's Prince Leopold's son Prince Manuel von Bayern (31) weds Prince Ludwig-Ferdinand's daughter Princess Anna of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg in Sweden
  • 2007-09-08 Duchess Maria-Anna Henriette Gabrielle Julie in Bavaria (32) weds investment banker Klaus Runow near Munich, Germany

Famous Deaths

  • 0907-07-04 Luitpold, Margrave of Bavaria
  • 0937-07-14 Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria
  • 0947-11-23 Berthold, Duke of Bavaria
  • 0955-11-01 Henry I, Duke of Bavaria, dies from an illness at 34 or 36
  • 1083-01-11 Otto of Nordheim, Duke of Bavaria (c. 1020)
  • 1120-09-24 Welf II, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1072)
  • 1126-12-13 Henry IX, the Black, Duke of Bavaria (1120-26), dies
  • 1183-07-11 Otto I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1253-11-29 Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1206)
  • 1273-10-09 Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Germany
  • 1356-01-23 Margaretha of Bavaria, Emperess of Germany, dies
  • 1365-05-17 Louis VI the Roman, Duke of Bavaria and Elector of Brandenburg, dies at 37
  • 1392-09-22 Aleid van Poelgeest, lover of earl Albrecht of Bavaria, murdered at 22
  • 1404-12-13 Albert I, Duke of Bavaria and third son of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, dies at 74
  • 1404-12-16 Albrecht of Bavaria, duke of Bavaria, dies at about 74
  • 1417-04-04 John van Touraine, 1st husband of Jacoba of Bavaria, dies
  • 1425-01-05 John of Bavaria/Bayern, liege of Holland/Zealand/Dordrecht, poisoned
  • 1425-01-06 Jan of Bavaria, liege of Holland/bishop/duke, dies
  • 1435-09-24 Isabeau of Bavaria, Queen and wife of Charles VI of France (bc. 1370)
  • 1436-10-09 Jacoba van Bavarian, countess of Holland/Zealand, dies at 35
  • 1448-01-05 Christopher of Bavaria, King of Denmark (1440-48), Norway (1441-48) and Sweden (1442-48), dies suddenly at 31
  • 1552-01-03 Henry II of Bavaria, Bishop of Utrecht (1524-29), Worms (1523-52) and Freising (1541-52), dies at 64
  • 1579-10-24 Albrecht V von Wittelsbach, duke of Bavaria, dies at 51
  • 1624-12-26 Simon Marius, astronomer, dies in Bavaria at 54
  • 1626-02-07 William V, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1548)
  • 1632-11-17 Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian field marshal (b. 1594)
  • 1651-09-27 Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, dies at 78
  • 1665-09-25 Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (b. 1610)
  • 1666-07-05 Albert VI of Bavaria (b. 1584)
  • 1679-05-26 Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (1651-79), dies at 42
  • 1682-04-01 Franz Egon of Fürstenberg, Bavarian Catholic archbishop (b. 1625)
  • 1699-02-06 Jozef Ferdinand of Bavaria, heir of Spanish king Carlos II, dies
  • 1726-02-26 Maximilian II M Emanuel, elect of Bavaria/governor of Netherlands, dies
  • 1726-02-26 Maximilian II Emanuel, elector of Bavaria, dies at 63
  • 1750-01-22 Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (b. 1675)
  • 1763-01-27 John Theodor of Bavaria, prince-bishop of Liege/cardinal, dies
  • 1763-01-27 Johann Theodor of Bavaria, Prince-Bishop of Regensburg, Freising and Liège, dies at 59
  • 1795-04-12 Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general (b. 1710)
  • 1810-01-28 Andrew Hofer, Tyrolian rebel against French & Bavarians, shot dead
  • 1825-10-13 Maximilian I of Bavaria (b. 1756)
  • 1841-11-13 Caroline of Baden, Queen of Bavaria, dies at 65
  • 1868-02-29 Ludwig/Louis I, King of Bavaria, dies at 81
  • 1886-06-13 King Ludwig II of Bavaria, Builder of palace of Neuschwanstein, patron of Wagner, found dead in Lake Starnberg, near Munich at 11:30 PM at 40
  • 1921-10-18 King Ludwig III of Bavaria (b. 1845)
  • 1934-06-30 Gustav Ritter von Kahr, Prime Minister of Bavaria killed in the Night of the Long Knives murders (b. 1862)
  • 1955-03-11 Oscar Mayer, Bavarian-born American meat packer (b. 1859)
  • 1996-07-07 Albrecht Luitpold Ferdinand Michael, duke of Bavaria, dies at 91